El contenido de las psicosis: psicogénesis de las enfermedades mentales, 2

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Paidós, 1990 - 141 pages
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El presente volumen tiene la intención de transmitir al público en general cierto concepto del punto de vista psicológico de la psiquiatría moderna. Y con este fin incluye un conjunto de ensayos, fruto de la reflexión de Jung sobre la psicología y la enfermedad mental a lo largo de varias décadas, cuyas investigaciones se basan en un argumento muy simple: la posible existencia de una función psicológica no adaptada que puede convertirse en un trastorno mental manifiesto e inducir, de forma secundaria, síntomas de degeneración orgánica. Así, el primer texto, , data de 1908, es decir, de la época en que el autor era miembro destacado del incipiente movimiento psicoanalítico, y los dos últimos, escritos en 1956 y 1958, exponen sus conclusiones después de muchos años de experiencia en el estudio de la normalidad y el tratamiento de diversos trastornos psíquicos, en particular la psicoterapia de la esquizofrenia. Todos ellos, en fin, reflejan las técnicas especialmente asociada al nombre de Jung y contienen -a veces en germen, otras en una formulación concluída- los fundamentos de su pensamiento más maduro. Un libro, pues, indispensable para una comprensión cabal del pensamiento de uno de los más innovadores psiquiatras de la historia.

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About the author (1990)

Carl Jung was born in Switzerland on July 26, 1875. He originally set out to study archaeology, but switched to medicine and began practicing psychiatry in Basel after receiving his degree from the University of Basel in 1902. He became one of the most famous of modern psychologists and psychiatrists. Jung first met Sigmund Freud in 1907 when he became his foremost associate and disciple. The break came with the publication of Jung's Psychology of the Unconscious (1912), which did not follow Freud's theories of the libido and the unconscious. Jung eventually rejected Freud's system of psychoanalysis for his own "analytic psychology." This emphasizes present conflicts rather than those from childhood; it also takes into account the conflict arising from what Jung called the "collective unconscious"---evolutionary and cultural factors determining individual development. Jung invented the association word test and contributed the word complex to psychology, and first described the "introvert" and "extrovert" types. His interest in the human psyche, past and present, led him to study mythology, alchemy, oriental religions and philosophies, and traditional peoples. Later he became interested in parapsychology and the occult. He thought that unidentified flying objects (UFOs) might be a psychological projection of modern people's anxieties. He wrote several books including Studies in Word Association, Flying Saucers: A Modern Myth of Things Seen in the Skies, and Psychology and Alchemy. He died on June 6, 1961 after a short illness.

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