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this depot, will march, on the 28th, under Brevet Major Grabam. In about a week thereafter, say the 7th of March, the cavalry will march, to be followed, at intervals of one day, by the brigades of infantry. By the 25th of March, at latest, I hope to be in position on the Rio Grande.

I have taken occasion to represent to some citizens of Matamoras, who were here with a large number of mules for sale, and who are represented to have considerable influence at home, that the United States government, in occupying the Rio Grande, has no motive of hostility towards Mexico, and that the army will, in no case, go beyond the river, unless hostilities should be commenced by the Mexicans themselves; that the Mexicans, living on this side, will not be disturbed in any way by the troops; that they will be protected in all their rights and usages; and, ihat everything wbich the army'may need, will be purchased from them at fair prices. I also 'stated that, until the matter should be finally adjusted between the two governments, the harbor of Brazos Saniiago would be open to the free use of Mexicans, as heretofore. The same views were impressed upon the Mexican custom-house officer at Brazos Santiago, by Captain Hardee, who commanded the escort that corered the reconnoissance of Padre island.

We are entirely without news of interest from the frontier, or the interior of Mexico; our latest date from the capital being ihe 21st of January, and the same from Vera Cruz. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Z. TAYLOR, Brevet Brig. Gen. U. S. A., commanding. The ADJUTANT GENERAL

Of the Army, Washington, D. C.


Corpus Christi, Teras, March 8, 1946. Sir: I respectfully report that the advance of the army, composed of the cavalry and Major Ringgole's light artillery, the whole under the command of Colonel Twiggs, took up the line of march this morning, in the direction of Matamoras; its strength being 23 officers, and 378 men. The advance will be followed in succession by the brigades of infantry, the last brigade marching on the 11th instant. The roads are in good order, the weather fine, and the troops in excellent condition for service.

Major Munroe will embark for Brazos Santiago in season to reach that harbor about the time the army will be in the vicinity of Point Isabel. He takes with him a siege train and a field battery. Captain Sanders, of the engineers, the officers of ordnance, and the pay department, accompany Major Munroe.

The movement, by water, to Brazos Santiago, will be covered by the revenue cutter “Woodbury," Captain Foster, whose commander has kindly placed her at my disposal for this service.

All proper arrangements bave been made by the staff depart-, ments for supplying the army on the route, as well as establishing a depot for iis further wants at Point Isabel,

I have deemed it proper to cause iny "orders" No. 30, to be translated into Spanish, and circulated on the Rio Grande. Sixty copies have already been sent in advance of the army to Matamoras, Camargo, and Mier. This form of giving publicity to the spirit which actuates our movement, in occupying the country,

I thought preferable to a proclamation., I trust the order itself will meet the approval of the department. A few copies of the translation are herewith enclosed.

I shall again communicate with general head-quarters before I march, and I expect to do so, at least, once on the route.

My head-quarters will march with the rear brigade, but will soon pass to the advance of the army. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,


Brevet Brig. Gen. U. S. A, comd'g. The ADJUTANT GENERAL

Of the Army; Washington, D. C.


Corpus Christi, 8 de Marzo de 1846. Orden No. 30.

El exercito de ocupacion en Tejas, estando ya para tomar posicion sobre la banda izquierda del Rio Grande, bajo las ordenes del Executivo de los Estados Unidos, el general en gefe desea espresar la esperanza que el movimiento sera provechoso á todos los interesados, y para cumplir exactamente con un fin tan laudable, ha mandado a todos de su mando, que mantengan, bajo el mas escrupuloso respeto, los derechos de los habitantes que se encuentren en ocupacion pacífico de sus respectivos avocaciones, tanto sobre la banda izquierda, como la derecha del Rio Grande. Bajo ningun pretesto, ni de cuelesquiera manera, se ha de entremeter en los derechos civiles, ni los privilegios religiosos de los habitantes; pero siempre mantendra el mayor respeto á ambos.

Cualesquiera cosa que se necesité para el gasto del exercito, serà comprado por el provedor, y pagado á los mejores precios. El general en gefe tiene la satisfaccion de decir, que tiene confianza en el patriotismo y la disciplina del exercito bajo su mando y está seguro de que sus ordenes serán obedecidos con la mayor exactitud.

Z. TAYLOR, Bt. Bd. Gen'. en Gefe, exercito de los Estados Unidos.



Corpus Christi, March 8, 1846. Order No. 30.

The army of occupation of Texas being now about to take a position upon the left bank of the Rio Grande, under the orders of the Executive of the United States, the general-in-chief desires to express the hope that the movement will be advantageous to all concerned; and with the object of attaining this laudable end, he has ordered all under his command to observe, with the most scrupulous respect, the rights of all the inhabitants who may be found in peaceful prosecution of their respective occupations, as well on the left as on the right side of the Rio Grande. . Under no pretext, nor in any way, will any interference be allowed with the civil rights or religious privileges of the inhabitants; but the utmost respect for them will be maintained.

Whatsoever may be needed for the use of the army will be bought by the proper purveyor, and paid for at the highest prices. The general-in-chief has the satisfaction to say that he confides in the patriotism and discipline of the army under his command, and that he feels sure that his orders will be obeyed with the utmost


Brevet Brig. Gen. U. S. A., commanding.


Corpus Christi, Texas, March 11, 1846. Sir: I have respectfully to report that the last column of the army marched this morning, to be followed by the head-quarters in a few hours.

I enclose a field return of the army, exhibiting its actual marching strength. Major Munsoe's company, which goes round by water, is not included. The weather continues favorable, and everything promises well for our march.

Please address me as usual, to the care of the quartermaster in New Orleans. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,


Brev. Brig. Gen. U. S. A., commanding. The ADJUTANT GENERAL of the Army,

Washington, D. C.


Camp at Los Pintos, route to Matamoras,

31 miles from Corpus Christi, March 12, 1846. Sir: I respectfully report that the United States brig Porpoise arrived yesterday off Aransas. Her commander, Lieutenant Hunt, has been ordered by Commodore Connor to communicate with the army, and render us all the aid in his power. I gladly avail myself of this vessel, in conjunction with the cutter - Woodbury,” to convoy our transports to Brazos Santiago, and assist Major Munroe's command in effecting a landing and establishing a depot in that harbor.

Commodore Connor writes by the brig Porpoise, from Vera Cruz, under date of March 2d. I enclose an extract of so much of his letter as relates to Mexican affairs. I have nothing of interest to communicate from the frontier, except the enclosed proclamation of General Canales, which, so far as I know, had not at the - last advices been made public on the Rio Grande. It was put in my hands just as I was leaving Corpus Christi, or it would have been forwarded from that place.

The different columns are advancing with great regularity, and without any obstacle worthy of note. I have passed the rear brigade, and hope to encamp to-morrow with General Worth's, which is now fourteen miles in my advance. I shall overtake the cavalry before it reaches the Little Colorado.

I have to acknowledge your communications of February 24tk and 26th; your letter to Colonel Twiggs of February 23d; the communications of Lieutenant Garnett of January 29th and February 9th, returned as contrary to regulations; and “special orders" Nos. 12 to 15 inclusive. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,


Brevet Brig. Gen. U. S. A., commanding. The ADJUTANT General of the Army,

Washington, D. C.



of Vera Cruz, March 2, 1846. SIR:

As I have but little intereourse with the shore at this place, my means of obtaining information as to passing events are consequently very limited. From the papers published in the city of Mexico, I learn that General Almonte has resigned the office of Minister of War and Marine, and has been succeeded by General Tornel. The government has been for some time endeavoring to obtain (but without success) a loan of nearly two millions of dollars, for which the property of the church was offered as security. The papers of the capital also state that within the last ten days a force of nearly eight thousand men, including a large portion of the garrison of Mexico, has marched for the northern frontier. I attach little credit to the statement. It is the general opinion here that the present state of affairs cannot last for any length of time. With the exception of the military, the recent revolution is received by all classes with much dissatisfaction. Even a union of the federalists with the Santa Annaists is spoken of as probable for the overthrow of the present party.

Mr. Slidell is still at Jalapa; and, though unlikely as it may appear, I have it from very good authority that it is probable he will yet be received by the Mexican government. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,


Commanding home squadron. Brig. Gen. Z. TAYLOR,

Commanding army of occupation, Texas.


Antonio Canales, brigadier general of the republic of Mexico, colo

nel of active militia, and in command of an auxilliary regiment on the northern frontier.

Citizens: An arbitrary power has been established in Mexico, derogatory to our legally constituted authorities. One part of the army (or, if you like, the whole of it) has been the author of so scandalous an achievement. Like the Prætorian guards, who destroyed the nationality of Rome, our soldiers have been made the arbitrators and regulators of the destinies of our country. Can you suffer this with supineness? The inhabitants of the northern frontier are not to be so persuaded. I am satisfied of their sentiments, and they will perish a thousand times before they will recognize a government without a national election, and without more authority to command than the ephemeral and momentary triumph of his arms over the capital of the republic.

Citizens: This is worthless, as we have before seen-a council of generals is not able to judge of the institutions of the country. These are not military crimes that the regulations will bring under their cognizance.

More than this it is useless to say of the grievances of those unnatural soldiers who have turned their arms against their country. But if you are sensible of it, what necessity for explanations? Eloquence and even language itself is superfluous. No one knows the intensene: s of grief better than him who suffers. By your efforts, you passed from a federal to a central government, under which you were promised the loftiest riches, glory, and respectability, but a mournful and very grievous experience has convinced us that to nations once thus constituted, such a change, instead of

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