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with necessaries encouraged me to go beyond what 1 should have been able to have done upon another occasion.
My raft was now strong enough to bear any reasonably weight. My next care was what to load it with, and how to preserve what I laid upon it from the surf of the sea; but 1 was not long considering this. I first laid all the planks or boards upon it that I could get, and having considered well vhat I most wanted, I got three of the seamen's chests, which i had broken open and emptied, and lowered them down upon my raft: these I filled with provisions, viz. bread, rice, three Dutch cheeses, five pieces of dried goats' flesh (which we 'tved much upon), and a little remainder of European corn, Which had been laid by for some fowls which we had brought ^ sea with us; but the fowls were killed. There had been some barley and wheat together; but, to my great disappointment, 1 found afterwards that the rats had eaten or spoiled it all. As for liquors, I found several cases of bottles belonging to our skipper, in which were some cordial waters; and, in all, about five or six gallons of rack. These I stowed by themselves, thero being no need to put them into the chests, nor any room for them. While I was doing this, 1 found the tide began to flow, though very calm; and I had the mortification to see my coat, shirt, and waistcoat, which 1 "'had left on shore, upon the sand, swim away; as for my breeches, which were only linen, and open-kneed, I swam on board in them, and my stockings. However, this put me upon rumaging for clothes, of which 1 found enough, but took no more than I wanted for present use, for I had other things which ray eye was more upon; as, first, tools to work with on shore; and it was after long searching that I found the carpenter's chest, which was indeed a very useful prize to me, and much more valuable than a ship-lading of gold would have been at that time. I got it down to my raft, even whole as it was without losing time to look into it, for I knew in general what it contained.
My next care was for some ammunition and arms. There were two very good fowling-pieces in the great cabin, and two pistols; these 1 secured first, with some powder-horns, and a small bag of shot, and two old rusty swords. I knew there were three barrels of powder in the ship, but knew not where our gunner had stowed them; but with much search I found them, two of them dry and good; the third had taken water. Those two I got to my raft, with the arms. And now I thought myself pretty well freighted, and began to think how I should get to shore with them, naving neither sail, oar, nor rudder; and the least cap-full of wind would have overset all my navigation.
I had three encouragements: 1st, A smooth, calm sea: 2dly, The tide rising, and setting in to the shore; 3dly, What little wind there was, blew me towards the land. And thus, having found two or three broken oars belonging to the boat, and besides the tools which were in the chest, 1 found two saws, an axe, and a hummer; and with this cargc I put to sea. For a mile, or thereabouts, my raft went very well, only that I found it drive a little distant from the place where I had landed before; by which I perceived that there was some indraft of the water, and consequently 1 hoped to find some creek or river there, which I might make use of as a port to get to land with my cargo.
As I imagined, so it was: there appeared before me a little opening of the land, and I found a strong current of the tide set into it; so I guided my raft, as well as 1 could, to get into the middle of the stream. But here I had like to have suffered a second shipwreck, which, if I had, I think verily would have broken my heart; for knowing nothing of the coast, my raft ran aground at one end of it upon a shoal, and not being aground at the other end, it wanted but a little that all my cargo had slipped ofF towards that end that was afloat, and so fallen into the water 1 did my utmost, by setting my back against the chests, to keep them in their places, but could not thrust off the raft with all my strength; neither durst I stir from the posture I was in, but. holding Ud the chests with all my might, I stood in that maimer near half an hour, in which time the rising of thfc water brought me a little more upon a level; and a little after, the water still rising, my raft floated again, and I thrust her off with the oar I had, into the channel, and then driving up higher, 1 at length found myself in the mouth of a little river, with land on both sides, and a strong current or tide running up. 1 looked on both sides for a proper place to get to shore, for I was not willing to be driven too high up the river; hoping, in time, to see some ship at sea, and therefore resolved to place myself as near the coast as 1 could. At length I spied a little cove on the right shore of the creek, -%: to which, with great pain and difficulty, I guided my raft, and OH^kt last got so near, as that, reaching ground with my oar, 1 could thrust her directly in; but here 1 had like to have dipped all my cargo into the sea again; for that shore lying pretty steep, that is to say, sloping there was no place to land, but where one end of my float, if it ran on shore, would lie so high, and the other sink lower, as before, that it would endanger my car^o again. All that 1 could do was, to wait till the tide was at the highest, keeping the raft with my oar like an anchor, to hold the side of it fast to the shore, near a flat piece of ground, which I expected the water would flow over; and so it did. As soon as I found water enough,—for wy raft drew about a foot of water,—1 thrust her upon that riat piece of
f round, and there fastened or moored her, by sticking my two roken oars into the ground; one on one side, near one end, and one on the other side, near the other end: and thus I lay till the water ebbed away, and left my raft and all my cargo safe on shore.
My next work was to view the country, and seek a proper place for my habitation, and where to stow my goods, to secure them from whatever might happen. Where I was, I yet knew not; whether on the continent, or on an island; whether inhabited, or not inhabited; whether in danger of wild beasts, or not. There was a hill, not above a mile from me, which rose *
up very steep and highland which seemed to overtop some other hills, which lay as in a ridge from it, northward. 1 took out one of the fowling-pieces, and one of the pistols, and a horn of powder; and thus armed, 1 travelled for discovery up to the top of that hill; where, after 1 had, with great labor and difficulty, got up to the top, I saw my fate, to my great affliction, viz. that I was in an island, environed every way with the sea, no land to be seen, except some rocks, which lav a great way off, and two small islands, less than this, which lay about three leagues to the west.
I found also that the island I was in was barren, and, as 1 saw good reason to believe, uninhabited, except by wild beasts, of whom, however, I saw none; yet I saw abundance of fowlSj but knew not their kinds; neither, when I killed them, could 1 tell what was fit for food, and what not. At my coming back, I shot at a great bird, which I saw sitting upon a tree, on the side of a great wood. I believe it was the first gun that had been fired there since the creation of the world: I had no sooner fired, but from all the parts of the wood there arose an innumerable number of fowls, of many sorts, making a confused screaming, and crying, every one according to his usual note; but not one of them of any kind that I knew. As for the creature I killed, I took it to be a kind of a hawk, its color and beak resembling it, but had no talons or claws more than common. Its flesh was carrion, and fit for nothing.
Contented with this discovery, I came back to my raft, and fell to work to bring my cargo on shore, which took me up the rest of that day: what to do with myself at night I knew not, nor indeed where to rest; for I was afraid to ne down on the ground, not knowing but some wild beast might devour me; though, as I afterwards found, there was really no need for those fears.
However, as well as F could, I bnrricadoed myself round with the chests and boards that 1 \v\<\ brought on shore, and made a kind of a hut for that uight's lodging. As for. food, 1 yet saw not which way to supply myself, except that I had seei; two or three creatures, like hares, run out of the wood where I shot the fowl.
1 now began to consider, that I might yet get a great many things out of the ship, which would be useful to me, and particularly some of the rigging and sails, and such other things As might come to land; and I resolved to make another voyage on board the vessel, if possible. And as I knew that the first storm that blew must necessarily break her all in pieces, I resolved to set all other things apart, till I got every thing out of the ship that I could get. Then I called a council, that is lo say, in my thoughts, whether I should take back the raft; Jbut this appeared impracticable; so I resolved to go as before, ""when the tide was down; and I did so, only that I stripped before I went from my hut; having nothing on but a checked shirt, a pair of linen drawers, and a pair of pumps on my feet.
I got on board the ship as before, and prepared a second raft; and having had experience of the first, I neither made this so unwieldy, nor loaded it so hard, but yet I brought away several things very useful to me: as, first, in the carpenter's stores, I found two or three bags of nails and spikes, a great screw-jack, a dozen or two of hatchets; and, above all, that most useful thing called a grindstone. All these I secured together, with several things belonging to the gunner; particularly two or three iron crows, and two barrels of musket bullets, seven muskets, and another fowling-piece, with some small quantity of powder more; a large bag full of small shot, and a £reat roll of sheet-lead; but this last was so heavy, I could not hoist it up to get it over the ship's side.
Besides these things, I took all the men's clothes that I could find, and a spare fore-top sail, a hammock, and some bedding; and with this I loaded my second raft, and brought them all safe on shore, to my very great comfort.
I was under some apprehensions, during my absence from the laud, that at least my provisions might be devoured on shore; but when I came back, I found no sign of any visitor;