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hurry, and uot only hurry as to labor, but in much ^"composure of mind: and my journal would, too, have been full of many dull things; for example, I must have said thus— "Sept. 30th. After I had got to shore, and had escaped drowning, instead of being thankful to God for my deliverance, having first vomited, with the great quantity of salt water which was gotten into my stomach, and recovering myself a little, 1 ran about the shore, wringing my hands, and beating my head and face, exclaiming at ray misery, and crying out, 'I was undone, undone!' till, tired and faint, I was forced to lie down on the ground to repose, but durst not sleep, for fear of being devoured."
Some days after this, and after I had been on board the ship, and got ail that I could out of her, I could not forbear getting up to the top of a little mountain, and looking out to sea, in hopes of seeing a ship; then fancy, that, at a vast distance, I spied a sail, please myself with the hopes of it, and, after looking steadily till I was almost blind, lose it quite, and sit down and weep like a child, and thus increase my misery by my folly.
But having gotten over these things in some measure, and having settled my household-stuff and habitation, made me a table, and a chair, and all as handsome about me as I could, 1 began to keep my journal; of which I shall here give you the copy (though in it will be told all these particulars over again) as long as it lasted; for, having no more ink, I was forced to leave it off.
September 30tn, 1659. 1, poor, miserable Robinson Crusoe, king shipwrecked, during a dreadful storm, in the offing, san.e on shore on this dismal, unfortunate island, which 1 railed the Ishnd Of Despair; all the rest of the ship's comf uiy being drowned, and myself almost dead.
All the rest of that day I spent in afflicting myself at the dismal circumstances I was brought to, viz. I had neither food, house, clothes, weapon, nor place to fly to; and, in despair of any relief, saw nothing but death before me; that I should either be devoured by wild beasts, murdered by savages, or starved to death for want of food. At the approach of night 1 slept in a tree, for fear of wild creatures; out slept soundly, though it rained all night.
October 1. In the morning I saw^ to my great surprise, the ship had floated with the high tide, and was driven on shore again much nearer the island; which, as it was some comfort on one hand (for seeing her sit upright, and not broken in pieces, I hoped, if the wind abated, I might get on board, and get some food and necessaries out of her for my relief), so on the other hand, it renewed my grief at the loss of my comrades, who, I imagined, if we had all staid on board, might have saved the ship, or, at least, that they would not have been all drowned, as tney were; and that, had the men been saved, we might perhaps have built us a boat, out of the ruins of the ship, to have carried us to some other part of the world. 1 spent great part of this day in perplexing myself on these tilings; but, at length, seeing the snip almost dry. I went upon the sand as near as I could, and then swam on board. This day also it continued raining, though with no wind at all.
From the 1st of October to the 24th. All these days entirely spent in many several voyages to get all I could out of the snip; which I brought on shore, every tide of flood, upon rafts. Much rain also in these days, though with some intervals of fair weather; but it seems this was the rainy season.
Oct. 20. I overset my raft, and all the goods I had got upon it; but being in shoal water, and the tilings being chiefly heavy, 1 recovered many of them when the tide was out,
Oct. 25. It rained all night and all day, with some gusts of wind; during which time the ship broke in pieces (the wind blowing a little harder th?,n before), and was no more to be •^en, except the wreck o^ her, and tliPi only at low water. I spent this day in covering and securing the goods which I haa saved, that the rain might not spoil them.
Oct. 26. I walked about the shore almost all day, to fina out a place to fix my habitation; greatly concerned to secure myself from any attack in the night, either from wild beasts or men. Towards night I fixed upon a proper place, under a rock, and marked out a semicircle lor my encampment; which I resolved to strengthen with a work, wall, or fortification, made of double piles, lined within with cables, and without with turf.
From the 26th to the 30th, I worked very hard in carrying all ray goods to my new habitation, though .some part of the time it rained exceedingly hard.
The 31st, in the morning, I went out into the island with my gun, to seek for some food, and discover the country; when I killed a she-goat, and her kid followed me home, which I afterwards killed also, because it would not feed.
November 1. I set up my tent under a rock, and lay there for the first night; mating it as large as I could, with stakes driven in to swing my hammock upon.
Nov. 2. I set up all my chests and boards, and the pieces of timber which made my rafts; and with them formed a fence round me, a little within the place 1 had marked out for my fortification.
Nov. 3. 1 went out with my gun, and killed two fowls like ducks, which were very good food. In the afternoon J went to work to make me a table.
Nov. 4. This morning I began to order my times of work, of going out with my gun, time of sleep, and time of diversion; viz. every morning I walked out with my gun for two or three hours, if it did not rain; then employed myself to work till about eleven o'clock; then ate what I had to live on; and from twelve to two 1 lay down to sleep, the weather being excessive hot; and then, in the evening, to work again. The working part of this day and the next was wholly emnloyed in making my table, for I was yet bu/ i v^y sorry jvorkwa* , though time and necessity made me a complete natural mechanic soon after, as I believe they would any one else.
Nov. 5. This day went abroad with my gun and dog, and killed a wild cat; her skin pretty soft, but her flesh good for nothing: of every creature that I killed I took off the skins, and preserved them. Coming back by the sea-shore, 1 saw many sorts of sea-fowl which I did not understand; but was surprised, and almost frightened, with two or three seals; which, while I was ffazing at them (not well knowing what they were), got into the sea, and escaped me for that time.
Nov. 6. After my morning walk, I went to work with my table again, and finished it, though not to my liking; nor was it long before I learned to mend it
Nov. 7. Now it began to be settled fair weather. The 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, and part of the 12th (for the 11th was Sunday, according to my reckoning), 1 took wholly up to make me a chair, and with much ado, Drought it to a tolerable shape, but never to please me; and, even in the making, 1 pullea it in pieces several times.
Note. I soon neglected my keeping Sundays; for, omitting my mark for them on my post, I forgot which was which.
Nov. 13. This day it rained; which refreshed me exceed ingly, and cooled the earth; but it was accompanied with terrible thunder and lightning, which frightened me dreadfully, for fear of my powder. As soon as it was over, I resolved to separate my stock of powder into as many little parcels as possible, that it might not be in danger.
Nov. 14, 15, 16. These three days I sr>ent in making little square chests or boxes, which might hold about a pound, or two pounds at most, of powder; and so, putting the powder in, 1 stowed it in places as secure and as remote from one another as possible. On one of these three days I killed a .arge bird that was good to eat; but I knew not what to call it.
Nov. 17. This day I began to dig behind my tent, into the rock to make room for my farther convenience.*