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his Vicar upon Earth; for then he must have name it. Yet after all it occurs just now to my Mind that St Paul wrote a long Epistle to the Romans, an in the i. chap. v. 7. he salutes them thus. To all that be at Rome, beloved of God. Which I think ma be callid Naming the Church of Rome. But that's trivial Slip amongst Friends ; so let it pass.

» G. The Scriptures are wholly silent concerning » the supposed Universal Supremacy of St Peter , w that he was at Rome , or Bishop of Rome. Son » After-writers have mention'd it. But that is fai s from such an Universal Tradition, as is sufficient » for the mighty Superstructure , which is raised w upon it. But let it be granted, it signifies Nothing.

pag. 4.

1. It really signifies Nothing to raise Doubts about Things as certainly known and believed as that there has been such a Man as Julius Cæsar. Gro. fins a learned Protestant Writer was not afraid to say, that no Christian, euer doubred but St Peter was et Rome. In Sinopsi Criticorum. pag. 1540.

However whether he was at Rome, or was Bishop of it, or not, tho the Thing be unquestionable, 'tis a Mistake to say, that any weighy Superstructure is built upon that historical fact. For all we pretend to maintain as Effential to the Point in Question is, that St Peter was constituted by Chrift Head and Ruler of his Church, and that when he died, the Church appointed him a Successor in that high Station, and has ever since done the same upon the Denise of every Pope ; and finally, that all the Successors of St Peter have had their Episcopal Seat ar Romae, But as to what you say, that the Scripsw'es are folent concerning the Supremacy of Sc Peter, this indeed deserves a more serious Confidon.

w G. All is grounded upon some Worvis said co

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St Peter ; as such. Thou art Peter, feed my Sheep , &c. c
Which cannot be strain’d to such an Universal ce
Supremacy, as Popes have claim'd: nor were so un- o
derstood in the Primitive Church. pag. 4. 5. «

L. We shall examine that presently. But you are linking away from the Question , which is not what Power Some Popes may perhaps have claim'd, but what our Saviour gave to St Peter and his Succu flors in the two Texts, you have minced, as if

you were afraid to speak out.

6. In the learned Monsieur du Pin , Traité de ce La Puigfance Ecclefiaftique du Temporelle , printed at « Paris An. 1707. pag. 495. to p. 501. and pay. 754. 6 to p. 76j. your Lordship will find these two Texts co prged for the Supremacy of St Peter, and answer'd. c. in the same Manner as is done by Protestant Wri- * ters ; and it is shew'd how very foreign chey are so from the purpose, intended. pag., s. «

L. Sr, Monsieur du Pin no where denies the Po. pe's Supremacy in Spirituals, but only in Temporals; of which he maintains those Texts to be no Proof. But let us now proceed to examine the crue Meaning of them. I shall begin with that of St Mathew 16.1.18

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The Text of St Mathew 16. ¥. 18. examined.

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is as follows. And I say also unto thee, thou art 1 Peter , and upon this Rock I will build my Church, and the Gates of Hell shall not prevail against it.

I know the common Answer to this Text is, that by the Rock is meant St Peter's Faith, and nor his Person, But tho the former interpretation be true, it is far from being the only one or excluding St Peo Hier's Perfen. Nay the Application of it to his perfora his Vicar upon Earth ; for then he must have named it, Yet after all it occurs just now to my Mind that St Paul wrote a long Epistle to the Romans , and in the i. chap. v. 7. he salutes them thus. To all, that be at Rome , beloved of God. Which I think may be callid Naming the Cburch of Rome, But that's a trivial Slip amongst Friends ; so let it pass.

» G. The Scriptures are wholly silent concerning » the supposed Universal Supremacy of St Peter, or » that he was at Rome , or Bishop of Rome. Some » After-writers have mention'd it. But that is far » from such an Universal Tradition, as is sufficient p for the mighty Superstructure , which is raised w upon it. But let it be granted, it signifies Nothing.

pag. 4

1. it really signifies Nothing to raise Doubts about Things as certainly known and believed as that there has been such a Man as Julius Calar. Gro. fins a learned Protestant Writer was not afraid to say, that no Christian, ever doubted but St Peter was et Rome. In Sinopsi Criticorum. pag. 1540.

However whether he was at Rome , or was Bishop of it, or not, tho the Thing be unquestionable , 'tis a Mistake to say, that any weighty Superstructure is built upon that historical Fact. For all we pretend to maintain as Essential to the Point in Question, is, that St Peter was constituted by Christ Head and Ruler of his Church, and that when he died, the Church appointed him a Successor in that high Station, and has ever since done the same upon the Demise of every Pope ; and finally, that all the Successors of St Peter have had their Episcopal Seat ar Rome, But as to what you say, that the Scriptures are folent concerning the Supremacy of Sc Peter, this indeed deserves a more serious Confid-alon,

» G. All is grounded upon some Words said co

St Peter ; as such. Thou art Peter, feed my Sheep, &c. Which cannot be strain'd to such an Universal & Supremacy, as Popes have claim'd: nor were so un- a derfood in the Primitive Church. pag. 4.5. “

L. We shall examine that presently. But you are linking away from the Question, which is not what Power some Popes inay perhaps have claim'd, but what our Saviour gave to St Peter and his Succffors in the two Texts, you have minced, as if you were afraid to speak out.

G. In the learned Monsieur du Pin, Traité de ce la Puissance Ecclesiastique Temporelle , printed at Paris An. 1707. pag. 495. to p, 501, and pag. 754. “ to p. 76j. your Lordship will find these two Texts co urged for the Supremacy of St Peter, and answer'd. ce in the same Manner as is done by Protestant Wri- * ters; and it is shew'd how very foreign they are so from the purpose intended. pag.

, s. « L. Sr, Monsieur du Pin no where denies the Po. pe's Supremacy in Spirituals, but only in Temporals; of which he maintains those Texts to be no Proof. But let us now proceed to exanıine the true Meaning of them. I shall begin with that of St Mathew 16. ¥. 18,

D. 3•

The Text of St Mathew 16. Ý, 18. examined.

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Peter ,

T is as follows. And I say also unto thee, thou art

and upon this Rock I will build my Church, and the Gates of Hell shall not prevail against it.

I know the common Answer to this Text is, that by the Rock is meant St Peter's Faith , and not his Perlon. But tho the former interpretation be true, it is far from being the only one or excluding St Peo ser's Perfen. Nay the Application of it to his Persona is the most obvious and natural; as is manifest from St Jerom's Remark upon the second Chapter to the Galatians ; where he observes that both the Greek Word Petros , and the Hebrew Cephas signifies the fame as the Latin Word Petra, that is, a Rock: and by Consequence the true Meaning of our Saviour's Words to St Peter is this: thou art a Rock, and upon this Rock. I will build my Church. Suppose then our Saviour had spoken thus in English to St Peter ; chou art a Rock, and upon this Rock I will build my Church: could there be any Doubt, whether his Words were address'd to St Peter's Person?

G. My Lord , you interrupted me when I spoke last ; for I was just Going to tell you, that the » Rock, upon which Christ said he would build his » Church, was not Peter, but the Faith, which Peter » then confess’d. Your Lordship may see the cur» rent Sense of the Fathers, and consult at your Lei» sure. St Austin de Verbo Domini , Ser. 13. Nazian, » de Veteri Teft. St Cyril de Trin. L. 4. St Chryfoft

. » Hom.ss. in Math. St Ambrose Comment. in Eph. 2.

Hilary de Trin. L. 2. C. 6. and others. pag. 5.

L. Sr, you may quote as many Fathers as you please, and they shall say as often as you please, that the Rock, upon which Christ promised to build his Church, was St Peter's Faith. But can they not explain the Texe in one Sense whicout excluding the other ? This, Sr, is the real Case. For they apply'd it just as their Subject lead them , sometimes to his Faith, and sometimes to his Person ; as will appear from the following Quotation, in which it is applied to his Person only.

Origen in Exod. Hom. 5. writes thus. Hear what is said , to the great Foundation of the Church , and to the folid Rock, upon which Christ buile his Church, Man of licole Faith ; why haft thon doubled !

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