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Paul says of Widows consecrated to God, that when they have begun to wax wanton against Christ they wil marry having Damnation because they have caft off their first Faith. 1. Tim. 5. 8. 11. 12. The fourth and lait Rule is, that the single Life of Bishops and Priests is a Matter of Ecclefiaftical Govern

or Discipline only. Whence I infer first, that the Church had always full Authoriy to make it a Law; especially in Regard of those who freely of. fer theinselves to holy Orders. For, if they be not disposed to perform ihe Conditions upon which they are received, they ought not to engage themselves. i infer edly, char cho the Primitive Church had made no such Law, the Church might lawfully have done it in After- Ages

, at least in Reference to such were nor already engaged. Becaufe the Church of Christ has always the same Authority ; nor is there any Reason why she should lose any part of it by Time or Age. Now Sr, you may put what Objeca tions you please,

. 43.

Objections an, werd.

* G, MY

Y Lord, I pass by the politick Views

and Advantages the Court of Rome has is in this , as giving the Pope the more absolare w Command, and making him in Effect Heir of all » the great poffeßions of the Clergy. For the Ca. » non-law obliges the regular Bishops not to dispose

of their Estates , and the other Clergy not to be » too liberal of their Almes in their Sickness. And » what they leave the Pope disposes of as grand

Treasurer of the Church, pag. 173. 174.
L. Ss, I never heard the Pope was Hiir to the

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hereditary Estates either of Bishops or Priests. And as to their Benefices or Ecclesiastical Revenues, they pass of Course to the next incumbents; and they may dispose of their ready Cash as they Judge fircing during their Lives, without being accountable for it to any but God alone. So that it is beyond my Comprehension how the Celibacy of Bishops and Priests should make the Pope in Effect Heir of all the great Possessions of the Clergy, as you are plea- • sed to tell me. G. My Lord, I am content to wave this Argu- u

and will only infift upon what relates to c Conscience. pag. 175. "

L. Very well, Sr.

G. You reckon it a Defilement in your Church a for a Clergyman to marry. No great Compliment to u the married State, which yet was instituted by God u in Paradise, whilft Man was in his innocence. pag.“ 175.

L. Sr, we reckon it a Defilement in a Priest to be false to a solemn Engagement made to God; and so do's St Paul reckon it one even in the Lairy. 1. Tim. 5. V. 11. 12. And I hope all true Christians are of the same Mind. Nor do I think a Man is bound by any Institution, tho made in the State of Innocence, to commit a Sacrilege out of a Compliment to the married State.

G. The Apostle says, Marriage is honourable in a all, and the Bed undefiled. Heb. 13. ¥.4. pag. 175. "

L. But Sacrilege is not honourable in any; nor is a sacrilegious Bed undefiled cho colour'd over with the Name of Marriage. The incestuous Marriage of the Corinthian whom St Paul deliver'd up to Satan 1. Cor. s. y. s. was not very honourable. Nor the Marriage of Widows who began to wax Wanton againt Chrift. And Luther's Marriage wish a Nur was

just as honourable as any of these. Lastly, tho Marriage be honourable according to St Paul, the State of Celibacy is still more honourable according to the same Apostle ; and the more honourable State is fo. rely belt becoming the honourable Character of Bishops and Priests ; otherwise St Paul would not have made Choice of it for himself,

» G. But Forbidding to marry is reckon'd one of the * Doctrines of the Devil, 1. Tim. 4. v. 3. pag. 175.

L. Forbidding to marry as a Thing unlawful in itself (as the Manichees and Marcionites did) is the Doctrine of Devils. But forbidding particular Persons ( who have voluntarily consecrated themselves to God) to marry is not the Doctrine of Devils but the Doctrine of St Paul in the very next Chapter, where he cells Widows consecrated to God, that if they marry they gain Damnation to themselves. Besides I never heard the Devil was the Author of forbidding Marriages within the prohibited Degrees; in which your Church is as much concern'd as

ours.

» G. My Lord, Directions are given by St Paul so how a Bishop should govern his Wife and Childrex. » For if a Man knows not how to rule bis own House, » bow'shall be take care of the House of God? 1. Tim. » C. 3. ř. s. Yet your Interpreters would have this » Wife and this House to be the Church. pag. 175;

L. Sr, St Paul's Words are clear enough to be their own Interpreters. For they can mean nothing else than that a Person, who suffers or countenances Disorders in his own private Family, is not fit to govern the Church of Christ.

However, tho in the Chapter you have quoted I find Directions both how a Bishop is to govern his Children and Deacons their Wives, yet I do not And the Dire&tions you speak of, viz. how a Bishop

should govern his wife : which seems to be an inli. nuation that the Bishops then chosen, cho they were actually married., lived separated from their Wives..

'Tis true St Paul tells us in the 2d Verse of the fame Chapter , that a Bishop must be the Husband of ore Wife ; the Meaning whereof cannot surely be that St Paul obliged Bishops to be married; for then he was bound to follow his own Rule; but that no Man was fit to be a Bishop who had been married oftner than once. And the Reason which induced the Apostle to prescribe that Rule in che Choice of Deacons as well as Bishops was, because tho in his Time Virginity was so rare both amongst fews and Gentiles, that if neither married Men nor Widowers had been promoted to holy Orders , the Church would have been destitute of necessary Pastors, yet even then he would not have those taken to the Altar who had been married twice ; because they appear'd to have stronger Ties to the earch, chan were suitable to so holy an Employment.

6. My Lord, St Peter was a married Man and a forsook 'not his Wife after he was an Apoftle, $ bor led her about with him as other Apostles did. « 1. Cor.9.$. 5. pag. 175. "

L. Sc , this Description of the Apostles trailing about their Wives and conversing with thein as such

, appears to me so dishonourable to their sacred Character and unsuitable to their Apostolick Functions , 'that I wonder how any sober thinking Man can give into it. Did not St Peter fay to Chrilt, behold we have forsaken all and follow'd thee? Math. 19. V. 27. And were not their Wives a Part of the Al they had forsaken?

G. But do's nor St Paul say expressly, have we net Power to lead about a Sifter a Wife as well as the other, Apostles , and as the Brethren of zhe Lord and Cephm. 1. Cor.9.8.5.

L. So, the English Protestant Bible says so buc not St Paul, who declaring himself to be unmarried Chapter 7th. ¥. 8. could not pretend to lead about a Wife Chapter the gth. Neither did St Peter nor the other Apostles lead their Wives about , since St Ferom Epist.so. declares positively, that the Apoltles who were married lived separated from their Wives. And writing against fovipian who quored that very Text of St Paul, cells him it ought to be translated, have we not Power to lead about a Sijter a Woman? &c. meaning some ancient Matrone or Diaconifa as attended Sc Peter and other Apostles in their Travels, and provided Necessaries for chem either out of their own subästence or the Alms of the Faithful. Nay I perceive your own Church begins to have some Diffidence of their Translation. For in the late Edition of the Bible in two large Fo. lios at Oxfords tho Wife be kept in the Text , Wo. man is put in the Margin. Which is at least one Step towards an Acknowledgment of the Truth ; and I pray God to improve it.

» G, My Lord, that in the primitive Church the » Clergy did marry is plain from Socrates. Hilt. Ec» cler. L. 1. C. 11. and L.5.C. 22. pag. 175.

L. Sr, it is plain not only from Socrates but all Ecclesiastical Historians that many of the primitive Bishops and Priests were married Men. But it is no less plain from Socrates , as I have shew'd before, that the Council of Nice made a Decree to prohibit any Bishop or Priest to marry after his Ordination. !

>> G. My Lord, the Vows of single Life were not

imposed upon the Clergy till Pope Hildebrand. » See Math. Westm. ad An. 1074, Vincent. Spec. Hift. » L. 24. C. 45. Antoninsu L. 16. C. 1.9. 21. And it was

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