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grapes gathered from thorns, or figs from thistles ? 17 So every good tree bears good fruit, but a corrupt tree brings forth bad fruit. 18 A good tree cannot bear bad fruit; nor can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. 19 Every tree that bears not good fruit, is cut down and cast into the fire. 20 By their fruits therefore you shall know them.

21 All those that say to me, Lord, Lord, shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven; but those only who do the will of my Father, which is in heaven. 22 Many will say to me in that day : Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in your name? Have we not in your name cast out devils ? And have we not in your name worked many miracles ? 23 But then will I openly declare to them, I never knew you, depart from me, ye that work

1. 2 Pet. ii. 1, &c. Jude i. 20. Luke vi. 43, 44. James ii. 12. v. 17. Matt. xii. 33. y. 18. Matt. vi. 22, 23. xii. 34, 35. v. 19. Matt. iii. 10. Luke iii. 9. Deut. xx. 20. John xv. 2, 6. v. 21. Matt. v. 20. Hosea viii, 2. Luke vi. 46. Rom. 23. James i. 22. V. 22. Luke xiii. 25, 26. 2 Thess. ii. 9. v. 23. Luke vi. 46. xiii. 26, 27. Matt. xxv. 12, 41. 1 Cor. viii. 3. xiii. 2. 2 Tim. ii. 19. Ps. i. 6. v. 5. Habb. i. 13. Prov. XV. 29. v. 24, 25. Luke vi. 47, 48.

Are grapes gathered.] This seems to be a kind of proverb: there occur in profane authors some sayings much like this.

V. 21. All those that say to me, &c.] i. e. Among those that acknowledge me for the Messiah, none but such as do the will God, shall be admitted into his kingdom. On these last words, see the note on chap. v. 20.

v. 22. In that day.] At the day of judgment, 2 Tim. iv. 8, &c.

Have we not prophesied, &c.] Have we not received commission and authority from you to preach the gospel. For the meaning of the word prophesy, see the note on Rom. xii. 6. 1 Cor. xiii. 2. Here it signi. fies to preach the gospel.

Have we not in your name, &c.] i. e. By calling upon your name, through your power.

See Acts xvi. 18. xix. 13. Miracles.] Gr. powers, or virtues. Thus are miracles frequently styled in the gospels. The name of the cause being put for the effect, Matt. xi. 20. Mark vi. 2. Acts ii. 22. &c.

v. 23. I never knew you.] You are none of mine, I never approved you. To know, frequently signifies in scripture to acknowledge and approve, Matt. xxv. 12. 1 Cor. viii. 3. 2 Tim. ii. 19. John X. 14.

iniquity. 24 Whosoever therefore hears these my instructions, and puts them in practice, I will compare him to a prudent man, that built his house upon a rock. 25

The rain fell; the rivers overflowed; the winds blew, and beat against the house, and it was not overturned, because it was founded upon a rock. 26 But it shall be with him, who hears these instructions, and practises them not, as with a foolish man, who built his house upon the sand. 27 The rain fell; the rivers overflowed ; the winds blew, and beat against the house, and it fell down, and great was the fall thereof.

28 When Jesus had ended this discourse, the people were in admiration at his doctrine. 29 For he taught them as one having authority, and not like the scribes.

Luke iv. 32. vii. 16. xx. 2.

ver. 28, 29. Mark i. 22. xi. 28. Matt. xiii. 54. xxi. 23.

v. 24. These my instructions.] Gr. These words of mine. Thus v. 26.

V. 25, 26, 27. The rain, &c.] The meaning of these verses is, that whoever grounds his salvation upon a mere outward profession of the gospel, without performing the commandments of God, will see all his ill-grounded hopes vanish and come to nothing, when he appears before the judgment seat of God, who will judge all men according to their works.

v. 28. At his doctrine.] Or, His manner of teaching. Mark i. 27.

v. 29. As one having authority.) This authority plainly appeared in these words : But I say unto you, &c. and in ver. 22, 23.

Have we not prophesied in your name ? 8c. From which words it is manifest, that Jesus Christ was not a teacher only of God's will, but a lawgiver, and a person sent immediately from God, and invested with a much greater authority than any of the prophets that went before him. In order to judge of the force of these terms, See i Cor. i. 13.

And not like the scribes.] The Vulgate and Syriac versions add, and the Pharisees. These last grounded their doctrine on tradition and human authority ; but Jesus Christ on his own, I say unto you, &c.

CHAPTER VIII.

A leper cured, 1-4. Faith of the centurion, 3–10.

Calling of the gentiles foretold, 11, 12. The sick healed, 13—17. Poverty of the Son of Man, 1820. To leave the dead to bury their dead, 21, 22. The storm appeased, 23-26. Devils cast out ; swine drowned, 28–34.

1 Jesus being come down from the mountain, great multitude of people followed him. 2 Then a leper came to him, and casting himself at his feet, said to him: Lord, if you will, you are able to cure me. 3 JESUS stretching out his hand, touched him, and said, I am willing ; Be healed ; and his leprosy was immediately cured. 4 Then Jesus added, be sure you tell it no man, but go and shew yourself to the priest, and present the offering which Moses hath enjoined, that it may serve as an evidence to them.

ver. 2. Mark i. 40. Luke v. 12. vi. 14. Lev, xii. 2. xiv. 3, 4, 10.

v. 4. Mark i. 43, 44. Luke

v. 1. From the mountain.] On which he delivered the instructions contained in the three foregoing chapters.

v. 2. A leper.] See the same history, Luke v. 12. Mark i. 40. As Jesus Christ healed this leper, when coming down from the mountain, and after his sermon, which is contained in the three last chapters ; and that on the contrary, our Saviour's discourse, related Luke vi. which agrees in several particulars with this, followed the cure of the same leprous person ; they must be distinguished the one from the other. This we observe, that it may serve to reconcile the two Evangelists. See the note on chap. vi. ver. 1.

To cure me.] Gr. Cleanse. Leprosy was a most inveterate and infectious kind of itch. For which reason it was considered in the law as an extreme uncleanness. It made a man unfit to converse and keep company with others, and rendered him unclean. See Lev. xiii. 45, 46. Upon this account the curing of it was termed cleansing.

v. 3. His leprosy was cured.] Gr. His leprosy was cleansed.

Y. 4. Be sure you tell it no man, &c. Jesus Christ dealt in this man. ner, that the Jews might have no manner of pretence for accusing him

5 As Jesus was entering into Capernaum, a centurion came to him, and made him this request : 6 Lord, said he, I have a servant at home lying ill of a palsy, with. which he is grievously afflicted. Jesus said to him, I will come and heal him. 8 The centurion replied, Lord, I am not worthy that you

should come into

my

house ; but say the word only and my servant shall be healed.

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of seeking his own glory. Matt. xii. 16. He was besides unwilling to raise the envy of the Jews, which had already been the cause of his leaving Judea, Mark ii. 39. and to gain too much the favour and esteem of the people, till he had fully instructed them in the nature of his kingdom, lest he should prove the occasion of some sedition among them. See what happened John vi. 15. Compare Matt. ix. 30. Mark v. 43. He, chose sometimes to act otherwise, undoubtedly for very good reasons, Mark vi. 19. Luke viii. 39.

To the Priest.] To him that was appointed to examine and enquire into the nature of the leprosy, and to prescribe what was proper for the cure of it. This was done by him without the city, because no leper was allowed to go within the gates of the city, Lev. xiii. 2. xiv. 3.

Present the offering.] For an account of the ceremonies used at the cleansing of a leper, and of the gifts he was to offer, See Lev. xiv.

That it may serve as an evidence to them.] Gr. For a testimony unto them, viz. to the Jews ; and particularly to the priests and Pharisees, who withstood the doctrine of Christ. The meaning of this passage is ; That the sacrifice offered by the leper, may be a proof of the reality of this miracle, and consequently of my divine mission. The Jews were wont to say of leprosy, that it was the finger of God, that is, a distemper that was sent, and should be cured by God alone. See 2 Kings v. 3, 7. and compare Matt. xi. 5. where the cure of the leprosy is ranked among the proofs of Jesus being the Messiah. These words may also be rendered thus : That it may be a testimony against them. Compare Mark vi. 11. Luke ix. 5.

v. 5. A Centurion.] A captain of a hundred soldiers, in the Roman troops.

Came to him.] He did not come himself, but sent some of his friends, the elders of the people, to tell Jesus what is related here. See Luke vii. 6. In the Hebrew style a man is frequently said to do what he only causes, or orders to be done. See for instance, Matt. xx. 20. Compare with Mark x. 35. John xi. 3. Matt. xi. 2, 3.

v. 7. Said to him.] i. e. Sent him word.
v. 8. Replied.] Sent him back this answer by his friends.
Into my house.] Gr. Under my roof.
Say the word only.) i. e. You need but will and command.

9 For although I am under the authority of another ; yet as I have soldiers under me, when I

say to one, Go, he goes ; to another, Come, he comes ; to my servant, Do this, he does it. 10 The which when Jesus heard, he was surprised; and said to them that followed him ; I assure you, that in Israel itself, I have not found so great faith. 11 Therefore I declare to you,

that

many shall come from the East and from the West, and sit at table, in the kingdom of heaven, with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. 12 But the children of the kingdom shall

v. 11. Luke xiii. 28, 29. Gen. xxviii. 14. Isa. ii. 2, 3. xi. 10. xlii. 6. xlix. 6. Compare with Acts xiii. 46, 47. Mal. i. 11. Matt. iii. 9. xix. 28, 30.

Acts x. 45. xi. 1, 18. xiv. 27. xv. 14. xviii. 6. xxii. 21. xxvi. 23. xxviii. 28. Rom. xv. 9. Eph. iii. 6. v. 12. Matt. iii. 10, 11. xxi. 43. xxii. 13. xxiv. 51. xxv. 30. Luke xiii. 28, 30. Rom. ix. 4. 2 Pet. ii. 17. Jude ver. 13.

V.

V. 9. A man under the authority.] Gr. That am a man under authority.

V. 10. In Israel itself.] This centurion was a heathen, but in all probability a proselyte of one of those that are termed in the Acts, fearing God. See Luke vii. 5.

So great faith.] Nothing can indeed give a greater idea of the centurion's faith and reliance on Christ's power, than what he says, ver. 9. He looks upon our blessed Saviour as the absolute disposer of diseases, who can command and be obeyed by them, as he was himself obeyed by his soldiers.

11. From the East, &c.] i. e. From all parts of the earth ; Compare Luke xiii. 29. These words contain a prophecy of the calling in of the Gentiles, which was at hand.

Shall sit at table.] The glory and happiness of heaven are described under the notion of a feast or banquet, Luke xxii. 18—30. Rev. ii. 7. Isa. xx. 5, 6, &c. and the calling in of the Gentiles in particular, is represented as a great feast, to which they are invited by a king, Matt. xxii. 21. Luke xiv. 16. The meaning of this passage is, That the Gentiles shall obtain by faith, all the goods and advantages, that had been promised to the patriarchs, Rom. iv. 16, 17. ix. 30, &c. Gal. iii. 7, 8, 9, &c.

v. 12. The children of the kingdom.] i. e. The Jews that were born heirs of the kingdom, who had a right to it by birth, by virtue of promises, and covenant. See chap. xv. 26, 27. The son or child of death, is used in scripture, to signify a person appointed unto death. See Ps. Ixxix. 2. John xvii. 12. Thus, the son, of gehenna, or hell, Matt. xxiii. 15. Jesus Christ expresses himself here in general terms, because the greater number of the Jews remained in unbelief, and few of them embraced the gospel, Rom. ix. 29.

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