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be thrust out into the darkness which is without, where shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 13 As for the centurion, Jesus said to him; go, according to your faith be it done to you ; and his servant was healed at that very

instant. 14 After this, Jesus being come into Peter's house, found his mother-in-law, lying on a bed, sick of a fever ; 15 He took her by the hand, and the fever having left her, she got up, and served them. 16 In the evening there were brought to him many that were possessed with devils, out of whom he cast the evil spirits with a word. He healed likewise all that were sick; 17 That this saying of the prophet Isaiah might be accomplished, he took our infirmities, and bore our sicknesses.

v. 16.

v. 13. Mark ix. 23. Mark i. 32. Luke iv. 40.

v. 14. Mark i. 29. Luke iv. 38.
v. 17. Isa. liii. 4. 1 Pet. ii. 24.

The darkness which is without.] Jesus Christ alludes here to the custom the ancients had of making their feasts in the night-time. They consequently that are unworthy of being admitted to the feasts, are cast out into darkness, that is, delivered up to the torments of hell.

Weeping.] The Greek word (klavõuós.) signifies also the cries and howlings that sometimes accompany weeping, and the gnashing of teeth, that is added here, completes the description of rage and despair. See Matt. xiii. 42-50. Acts vii. 54.

V. 13. Said to him.] Sent him word.

His servant was healed.] In several manuscripts, the following words are inserted here, And the centurion returning to his house, found that his servant had been healed at that selfsame hour ; but it is probable that these words have been taken from Luke vii. 10. by applying to the centurion what is there said of the friends he sent.

v. 14. Into Peter's house.] Namely, in that where he was wont to retire at Capernaum. See Mark i. 21, 22. He was of Bethsaida, which was at a little distance from Capernaum, Jobn i. 45.

His mother-in-law.] His wife's mother. See 1 Cor. ix. 5.
v. 15. Served them.] Waited upon them at table. See Matt. iv, 11.

v. 17. He took our infirmities.] This prophecy of Isaiah liii. 4. relates properly to the sins of men, whereof diseases are the emblem and consequence ; for which reason the original Hebrew words, that are rendered here our infirmities, have, by the Seventy, and St. Peter, 1 Eph. chap. ii. 24. been translated by our sins. St. Matthew applies this prophecy to our Saviour's curing diseases, in imitation of the Jewish doctors, who were wont to prove two different things, by the same text of scripture, especially if they had any resemblance or connection one with another. See the note on chap. ix. 3,

18 Jesus perceiving himself surrounded with a great crowd, gave

orders to pass over to the other side of the lake. 19 Then a certain scribe coming up to him, said ; Master, I will follow you wherever you go. 20 Jesus answered him ; The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests ; but the Son of Man has not where to lay his head. 21 Another of his disciples said to him ; Lord, give me leave to go

and bury my father, before I follow you. 22 But Jesus replied; Follow me, and let the dead bury their dead.

v. 19. Luke ix. 57.
Lev. xxi. 10, 11, Numb. vi. 6, 7.

v. 21. Luke ix. 59.

ver. 18. Mark i. 33. v. 22. Luke ix. 60.

v. 18. To pass over to the other side, &c.] In the country of the Gergesenes, which was on the eastern side of the lake of Tiberias. v. 20.

Jesus answered him ; The foxes, &c.]. From this answer of Jesus Christ, it appears, that the scribe was willing to become his disciple with no other view, but that he might partake of the temporal advantages, which he expected to find in following the Messiah.

The Son of Man.] This name is borrowed from the prophets, Dan, vii. 13. Ps. viii. 5. and is that which Jesus Christ commonly gives himself: as be was called so by none but himself, it is plain, that he chose this title out of humility, as having some relation to his mean and humble appearance in this world. Son of Man, in the prophets Ezekiel, Daniel, and Zachariah, doth not so much denote the human nature, as the frailty and weakness of man, and in this sense undoubt. edly is this expression used Ps. viii. 5. and xlix. 2. Jesus Christ takes care indeed to lay a stress upon it, when he would make his power and authority known, Matt. ix, 6. xiii. 26, &c. But he certainly made use of it for this end, that he might rectify the mistaken notions they had framed of the nature of his kingdom, and to give them to understand, that the way he was to enter into glory, was through sufferings and the cross. V. 21.

Another of his disciples.] One of the twelve, or one of his followers in general. See v. 1.

Give me leave to go and bury my father.] This answer supposes that Jesus Christ had ordered him to follow him. See Luke ix. 59. It is uncertain whether this disciple's father was just dead ; it is more probable that he being very old, his son desired leave to stay with him till his death. See 1 Kings xix. 20. V. 22.

Let the dead.] i. e. Those that are spiritually dead, that are dead in sins and trespasses, Eph. v. 14.

Bury their dead.] i. e. Mind.earthly things, Luke ix. 60, 61, 62.

23. Upon this he went into the bark, accompanied with his disciples. 24 And on a sudden so great a storm arose at sea, that the vessel was covered with the waves. But Jesus himself was asleep. 25 Then his disciples coming to him, waked him, and said; Lord, save us, we are perishing. 26 Jesus answered : Why are you afraid, 0 ye distrustful men ? And rising up he rebuked the winds, and the sea ; and there was a great calm. 27 At which every one was amazed : what is this man, said they, that even the winds and the sea obey him!

28 When he was arrived on the other side, in the country of the Gergesenes, two possessed persons, which came out from among the tombs, and were so exceeding fierce, that no man durst pass

29 Met him, and cried out; What have we to do with Jesus

that
way,

ver. 23. Mark iv. 35. Luke viii. 22. v. 27. Luke viii. 25. Ps. Ixv. 8. lxxxix. 10. v. 28. Mark v. 1. Luke viii. 26. v. 29. 2 Pet. ii. 4 Jude ver. 6. Luke viii. 31. Compare with Rev. xx. 1.

V. 24. On a sudden.] Gr. Behold.

v. 28. Gergesenes.] St. Mark says it was the country of the Gadarenes, v. l. So doth also St. Luke viii. 26. Gadara and Gergeza were two neighbouring cities on the eastern side of the lake of Gennezareth, beyond Jordan. See Josephus of the Jews, 1. ii. c. 20. 1. iii. c. 2.

Two possessed persons.] St. Luke and St. Mark speak but of one, either because there was one fiercer than the other, that called himself Legion ; or because he distinguished himself by offering to follow Jesus, for wbich reason the two Evangelists, St. Mark and St. Luke take notice only of this one. See Mark v. 2. Luke viii. 27, 38.

That came out from the tombs.] The Jewish sepulchres were grottos wherein people could shelter and dwell.

v. 29. What have we to do with you ?] This is a Hebrew phrase, which signifies, Why do you concern yourself about us ? 2 Sam. xvi. 16. John ii. 4. Why do you us wrong? What difference have we had together? What injury have we done you ? Thus 2 Chron. xxxv. 21. Joel iii. 4. See the note on Mark v. 7.

Son of God.] See the note on Matt. iv. 3.

To torment us before the time.] They were afraid of being sent into the abyss, or deep, Luke 31. where the devils are confine the day of judgment. 2 Pet. ii. 4. Jude v. 6. These fancied they ought longer to enjoy the liberty that had been allowed them, of tormenting mankind.

Son of God ? Are you come here to torment us before the time ? 30 Now there was at some distance from them, a great herd of swine feeding : 31 And the devils intreated him, saying; If you cast us out, permit us to enter into the herd of swine. 32 Jesus said to them; Go. The devils therefore, coming out of the possessed, went into the herd of swine, and immediately all the swine were seen to run headlong down a precipice into the sea, and perished in the waters. 33 Then the keepers ran away, and coming into the city, related all, and what had happened to the possessed. 34 Whereupon the whole city went out to meet Jesus, and when they saw him, they desired him to depart out of their country.

v. 30. At some distance from them.] This is literally in the original, a great way from them. But by comparing Mark v. 11. and Luke viii. 32. with St. Matthew it will be found, that the true meaning of the word (uakpav) is that which we have given here. The Latin translator hath rendered it, not far from them.

A great herd of swine.] St. Mark says, there were about two thousand; which will not seem strange, if it be considered, that the generality of the inhabitants of that country were heathens. Gadara is ranked by Josephus among the cities that lived according to the Greek customs and manners, which is the reason why it was taken off from the dominions of Archelaus, and annexed to the province of Syria, Joseph. Ant. Jud. l. xvii. 13. We learn from the same author, that the Gadarenes and Gergesenes were for the most part heathens, though there were Jews in their cities. Joseph. de Bello Jud. I. 2. c. 20.

v. 33. Into the city.] In Gergesa, otherwise called Gereza, or else in Gadara.

v. 34. Whereupon the whole city.] Gr. And behold the whole city.

They desired him, &c.] This they did out of dread, for so extraordinary a person ; or perhaps, they were afraid of suffering more losses. See Luke viii. 37. Compare i Kings xvii. 18. Job xxi. 17. See also the pote on Mark v. 17.

CHAPTER IX.

The paralytic cured, 1-8. Calling of St. Matthew. Jesus eats with publicans, 9–13. His disciples fast not ; and why, 14–17. A woman with an issue of blood healed, 20–22. Jairus's daughter raised from the dead, 23—26. Two blind men restored to their sight, 27—31. Of one dumb and possessed, 32, 33. Blasphemy of the Pharisees, 34. preaches in Galilee. The lost sheep. The harvest, 35_33.

1 JESUS going again into the bark, crossed over the lake and came into his own city. 2 They brought to him there a paralytic, lying on a bed, and Jesus perceiving their faith, said to the paralytic ; Son, be of

ver. 1. Mark ii. 1. Matt. iv. 13. v. 2. Luke v. 18. Deut. xxvii. 15, 22, 27. Jobo v. 14. ix. 2. 1 Cor. xi. 30. James v. 15.

v. 1.

Into his own city.] i. e. Into Capernaum, to which he removed from Nazareth. See Matt. iv. 13. Mark. ii. 1.

v. 2. Perceiving their faith.] This remark is made by the Evangelist, upon occasion of what the persons that carried this man sick of the palsy did, when not being able, by reason of the crowd, to bring him into the room where Jesus was, they let him down through the roof; which was a plain demonstration of the full reliance they had on our blessed Saviour's power and goodness. See Mark ii. 4, 5. Luke v. 19, 20.

Your sins are forgiven.] The Jews were persuaded that diseases, especially such as were grievous, were sent for the punishment of some sin. Though they carried this matter too far (See John ix. 3) it is potwithstanding certain that human calamities are often no more than the just punishment of men's iniquities. See Deut. xxviii. 21. I Cor. xi. 30. John v. 14. James v. 15. 1 John v. 16. This is the reason why Jesus Christ said to the man sick of the palsy, when he healed him, your sins be forgiven you. Compare Isa. xxxiii. 24. and observe that what is in Mark iv. 12. and their sins should be forgiven them, is thus expressed Matt. xiii. 15. and I should heal them.

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