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hospitals maintained only at the more important ports. It is obvious that the cost per patient must be materially greater for small than for large hospitals, and that the most favorable working of the hospital system can be obtained only in buildings of sufficient size to warrant the employment of a suitable staff of officers. It is worthy of note that while marine hospitals have been erected in places like Burlington, Vermont; Burlington, Iowa; Galena, Illinois; Ocracoke Inlet, North Carolina, &c., no provision has been made for buildings at the great ports of New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore; indeed, so remarkable has been tire selection of locations that it is difficult to imagine any other motive fo: the erection of the buildings in many cases than a desire to expend money in the locality in which the buildings were located.
I would strongly recommend the sale of the hospitals at Vicksburg and Natchez, Mississippi; Ocracoke and Wilmington, North Carolina; and New Orleans, Louisiana. The latter is an immense but unfinished pile of cast iron, that has cost already $527,934 34; is badly located and constructed, and it would cost more to repair and complete it than to erect a new and suitable building. It is at present, like the customhouse in the same city, but a monument of the incapacity of its designers and constructors.
I would also recommend that the hospital constructed in that city during the war, and known as the Sedgwick Hospital, (or such portions of it as may be needed,) be transferred from the War Department to the marine hospital establishment. The building is the property of the gov. ernment, and admirably located, and I am advised that the land on which it is situated can be purchased on terms that would make it a desirable investment. I would also recommend the erection of suitable hospital buildings at the ports of New York and Baltimore, and would suggest that by making each new building the type of a different system of hospital construction, (in regard to the merits of which there is still great diversity of opiņion,) 'much valuable information might be obtained. Thus the hospital to be erected in New York might be made the exponent of the experience gained in the late war, in regard to the proper construction of what is known as the "pavilion plan, while the hospital at Baltimore might, in like manner, embody all the improvements that have been made in the best French hospitals. The data thus obtained all being managed on the same system, would soon decide what form of hospital is best adapted for the cure of the sick, and for ease and econ. omy of administration.
The extension of the treasury building terminated with the complction of the north wing, which is occupied by the offices of the Treasurer of the United States and the Commissioner of Internal Revenue. The system of heating and ventilation adopted in that portion of the building has proved a success, and is now being introduced, as far as practicable, to the west and south wings. The improvements on the main west staircase are rapidly approaching completion, and will, it is believed, afford sufficient light and ventilation to that portion of the building, while the removal of the monitor turret,” referred to in my last report, has materially improved the exterior appearance. Work on the stairway at the northwest augle of the building is now progressing in a satisfactory manner, though commenced late in the season, operations having been necessarily delayed until the removal of the treasury to the north wing. These improvemets will finally complete the north
ASTORIA, OREGON, CUSTOM-HOUSE.
Work was commenced on this building June 14, 1869; but the unfavorable character of the site, wbich upon examination was found to require extensive piling, has prevented much progress this season. The work is, however, being pushed forward as rapidly as the nature of the case will permit.
A fine quarry of sandstone has been opened near the city, from which it is believed a sufficient supply of stock can be obtained for the exterior of both this building and the one now being erected at Portland, in the same State. Great difficulty has been experienced in procuring supplies of cement and other building materials, which causes much delay, and has aided to retard the progress of the work. It is hoped, however, that the difficulties have been overcome, and that, if sufficient appropriations are granted, the building will be completed at an early day.
CUSTOM-HOUSE, BANGOR, MAINE.
The extension of this building and the remodeling and repair of the old portion have been completed the present season, and the rooms have been properly furnished throughout.
The rapid prosecution and successful completion of this work reflect the highest credit upon the superintendent, who, in addition to his duties at this place, has also had charge of the custom-house in progress of erection at Wiscasset, Maine, and the remodeling of the custom-house at Castine, Maine.
The extension of this building has been completed within the estimates; but serious defects were discovered in the old portion, that rendered an increased expenditure indispensable to its preservation. By the enlargement of the building good accommodations have been provided for all the officers of the government occupying the same. An improved steam-heating apparatus has been provided, and the entire premises placed in the best condition.
CUSTOM-HOUSE, BALTIMORE, MARYLAND.
This building is in as satisfactory condition as its nature will permit; but it is overcrowded and not well adapted to the wants of the service. Some further relief for the Post Office Department is imperatively needed, and I would recommend that an appropriation of $20,000 be obtained for an addition to that portion of the building.
CUSTOM-HOUSE, BURLINGTON, VERMONT.
The repairs and improvements so much needed to this building have been completed during the present season in a very satisfactory manner. The old covering has been replaced by a Mansard roof, which also adds another story to the building, and provides the additional accommodations demanded by the increase in the public business. The interior and the wood and iron work of the exterior have been repainted, and the entire building repaired, and it is now in better condition than when first completed.
The original construction of this building was so extremely defective that it cannot be made a first-class structure. It is hoped, however, that the expenditure just made will make it available for government purposes for some years to come.
CUSTOM-HOUSE, CINCINNATI, OHIO.
I desire once more to call attention to the inadequate size and general unfitness of this building for the business of the government in that city. The accommodations for the post office and United States courts could scarcely be more unsuitable.
I would strongly urge the erection of a building of sufficient capacity to meet the demands of the public service in that city. Some improvements have been made to the post office portion during the past year, to meet the rapidly increasing wants of that important branch of the public business; but the relief is only temporary; and as the space is now made available to the fullest extent, it is evident that the erection of a new building, or the removal of some branches of the service to other quarters, cannot long be delayed.
CUSTOM-HOUSE, CASTINE, MAINE.
This building was purchased by the government April 6, 1833, since which time it has been occupied for customs purposes only. It has been thoroughly repaired and remodeled, and now provides ample accommodations for the custom-house and post office. The building was poorly constructed, but has been much improved, and is now in better condition than when first occupied. The alterations and repairs have been judiciously made, and it is belie red that the building will meet the wants of the government for many years.
CUSTOM-HOUSE, CAIRO, ILLINOIS.
Work on this building has been pressed forward as rapidly as the limited appropriation made at the last session of Congress would permit, and the entire structure is now under roof. The exterior walls present a very fine appearance, and the workmanship is in every way creditable to the contractors and to the government. Had sufficient funds been provided, there would have been no difficulty in completing the interior the coming winter. Arrangements have been made to finish it at the earliest moment. There will be no difficulty in completing it early next season, if appropriations are promptly made. I would strongly urge the completion of the building at the earliest date, and that a sufficient appropriation be made for fencing and grading the block on which it stands, which was a donation to the government.
CUSTOM-HOUSE, ERIE, PENNSYLVANIA.
This building has been repaired, and is in good condition. It is, however, inadequate for the wants of the service at this port, and Í would recommend that a new building be provided of sufficient capacity to accommodate the post office, custom-house, and other branches of the government represented in that city.
CUSTOM-HOUSE, MOBILE, ALABAMA.
Repeated requests for repairs on this building have been made during the past year. Estimates of the cost of the work deemed necessary
prepared, and so far exceeded the means of the department that action has been necessarily postponed until further appropriations are made. This should be done during the coming winter, and the building, which is a fine one, placed in good repair,
CUSTOM-HOUSE, NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE.
I desire to renew my recommendation that the department be authorized to exchange the present lot for one suitable for a site for the proposed building, or sell it at public auction and purchase one with the proceeds, the lot now owned by the government being entirely too small for the purpose for which it was purchased. The erection of a building upon it would be but a waste of money.
CUSTOM-HOUSE, OGDENSBURG, NEW YORK.
This building is now nearly ready for occupancy, and will, when completed, afford accommodations for all branches of the public service in that city. It was considered by many, when first designed, larger than the importance of the city demanded; but it will be fully occupied, and, I fear, in a few years will prove too small. It has been well and cheaply constructed, and gives general satisfaction to the citizens of Ogdensburg and the officers of the government. A first-class heating apparatus has been provided, and arrangements made for furnishing the building in a suitable manner.
CUSTOM-HOUSE, PORTLAND, MAINE.
This building has been inclosed, and the approaches will be completed the present season. It was expected that this would have been accomplished last season, but was prevented by causes beyond the control of this office, the principal one being the failure of the contractor for granite to comply with his obligations as to time of delivery. The workmanship is, however, of the very best character, and the building is not only highly creditable to the government, but an ornament to the city of Portland.
CUSTOM-HOUSE, PORTSMOUTH, NEW HAMPSHIRE.
This is a finely constructed building of granite, finished in 1860, at a cost (including site) of $165,725 96. Unfortunately, however, it was covered with a galvanized iron roof, which, like all others of its class, has proved a complete failure, and, in spite of frequent repairs, the interior of the building has been seriously damaged. The corrugated iron has been removed and replaced by an excellent copper roof.
CUSTOM-HOUSE, PORTLAND, OREGON.
Operations were commenced on this building on the 1st of July last, and have been prosecuted as vigurously as possible. It was originally designed to construct it of pressed brick, but it was found difficult to obtain a suitable quality for the purpose on that coast, and it has accordingly been decided to face the exterior of sandstone from the quarries at Astoria, now being worked by this department, it being cheaper and far more satifactory. The design contemplates a building one hundred and eighteen feet by sixty-four feet, two stories in height, with an attic, which will provide accommodations when completed for the custom