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Summary of vessels in commission at sea, 1868.

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Average number on board during the year 1868 ..

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Remaining sick December 31, 1867...
Admitted in 1868....
Discharged in 1868 .........
Died in 1868 ......
Total treated in 1868....
Remaining sick December 31, 1868....
Percentage of cases to number of persons on board...
Percentage of deaths to number of persons on board....
Percentage of deaths to number of cases treated........................

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10, 137

106
10, 450
207

0.78
0.007
0.01

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At the close of the year 1867 there remained under treatment 700. cases; during the year 1868 there occurred 16,457 cases of disease, injury, &c., making a total of 17,157 cases treated during the year, of which number 189 died, 16,456 were returned to duty or discharged the service, leaving 442 cases under treatment at the end of the year 1868.

The average strength of the navy (officers, seamen, marines, engineer service, and coast survey included) for the year 1868, as nearly as can be ascertained, was about 15,492.

The proportion of cases admitted to the whole number of persons in the service was about 1.1; or each person was on the sick list 1 ba times during the year. The proportion of deaths to the whole number in the service was .012, and the percentage of deaths to the whole number of cases is .011, or less than two per cent.

The total number of deaths from all causes, reported at the Navy Department, from October 1, 1868, to September 30, 1869, is 203.

Summary of prevalent forms of disease on home and foreign service for the year ending December 31, 1868.

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The foregoing tabular statements are based upon the reports of sick from all naval stations and vessels during the year. Reports of 74 vessels, with an aggregate of 15,492 officers and men, are on file in this office for the year 1868.

INSANE OF THE NAVY. On the 30th of September, 1868, there remained under treatment in

the Government Asylum for the Insane, near this city:

6 officers, 5 seamen, 4 landsmen, 3 marines, 1 beneficiary, and 1 late seaman. Total --------------------------------------------- 20

During the year ending September 30, 1869, there were admitted: 1 officer, 1 seaman, 1 coal-heaver, 1 first-class boy, 2 marines, 3 beneficiaries, and 1 late passed midshipman. Total................ 10

Total number under treatment during the year............ 30

The discharges in the course of the year were: By recovery, 1 officer; by improvement, 1 officer and 1 marine; by death, 1 officer, 1 seaman, 1 marine, and 1 late passed midship.

man. Total ----------------------------------------------- 7

Leaving in the institution on the 30th September, 1869: 4 officers. 5 seamen, 4 landsmen, 1 coal-heaver, 1 first-class boy, 3

marines, 4 beneficiaries, and 1 late seaman. Total ............. 23

NAVAL, HOSPITAL FUND.

The condition of this fund is represented as follows: Balance on hand October 1, 1868....................... $434,500 98 Transferred to the fund by the Fourth Auditor, in settlement of accounts, &c., from October 1, 1868, to October 1, 1809 --------------------------------------------- 124,214 52 Transferred to the fund on account of supplies from the naval laboratory to vessels and navy yards, from October 1, 1868, to October 1, 1869........................ 25, 201 39

584,006 89 Deduct amount expended from October 1, 1868, to Octo- ber 1, 1869 ........... .... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ..... 155, 181 64

Balance on hand October 1, 1869..... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 428,825 25

. NAVAL, HOSPITALS.

Portsmouth, New Hampshire.—The sick quarters at this place, together with the medical store-room now in process of erection, at a cost of $500, will answer the wants of the sick on this station.

During the month of June ultimo it was deemed advisable by the department to transfer the quarantine hospital buildings, located on Seavey's Island, to Wood Island, in Portsmouth Harbor, and to build a new kitchen for the hospital. The work was accomplished at a cost of 82,352.

Chelsea, Massachusetts.-During the year a building in which to treat contagious di-eases has been erected on the grounds attached to the

hospital, which will accommodate twenty-five patients with their neces. sary attendants

The work of laying out the cemetery has also been completed, and the roads leading to it from the hospital have been thoroughly repaired.

The farm at this establishment is rapidly becoming excellent and profitable, and during the past season yielded, besides a considerable quantity of the ordinary garden vegetables, thirty tons of hay, one hundred bushels of oats, and six hundred bushels of potatoes.

For the necessary repairs of all kinds for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1871, there will be required $8,000.

New York.—During the year the laundry attached to this hospital, the steam boiler in the kitchen, the steam boiler for heating the build. ing, the floor of the mess-room, and the floor of the main balconies, bare been placed in thorough repair.

The cemetery grounds, walls, &c., attached to this hospital are in a condition discreditable to a government establishment; hence negotiations are now being made that will properly define the limits of the land owned by the United States, and its claim to the land so defined clearly established, when a fence sufficient for the proper protection of the cemetery will be erected so as to include all the land fit for such purposes. The marshy land excluded by this arrangement will be carefully surveyed and measured. • The walls of the hospital, copings, terraces, &c., require renovation, as a precaution against early decay; for this purpose and for the neces. sary repairs of all kinds there will be required $10,000.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.-At this place a stable and an ice-house have been built. The roadways around the hospital have been laid out and graveled, and the grounds placed in a finished condition.

The surgeon's house has also been repaired.

The walls of the main-entrance hall, corridors, wash-room, &c., on the lower floor of the hospital, require to be painted, as well as the floors of the basement corridors; for which, together with the necessary repairs of all kinds, there will be required $3,800.

Annapolis, Maryland.For the outfit of this establishment when com. pleted, and for the necessary grading, fencing, &c., there will be required $10,000.

Washington, D. 0.—The wards, halls, stairways, and heating apparatus of this hospital have been thoroughly repaired, and the buildings and grounds are in good condition.

The unexpended balance under appropriation “Naval hospital, Washington, D. C.," will answer all demands of this establishment for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1871.

Norfolk, Virginia.-A new bath-house bridge has been built, the roof of the hospital repaired, and the wards plastered.

For the necessary repairs of all kinds to this hospital and its appur. tenances there will be required $7,500.

Pensacola, Florida.The temporary buildings used for hospital purposes at this station continue to answer all requirements. ! Mare Island, California.--For the necessary outfit of this establishment when completed, and for fencing, sodding, roadways, &c., there will be required $10,000.

NAVAL LABORATORY, NEW YORK.

For the current repairs to this establishment and its appurtenances, and for the purchase and repair of machinery, apparatus, furniture, &C., there will be required $8,500.

I regret to report that the medical corps of the navy, in a corps of 200, has 52 vacancies—only one out of 53 resignations having been filled; and few young medical men capable of passing the moderate examinations of the examining board are applying for the service.

What appear to me to be the causes of the difficulty, and the means of removing it, I will have the honor to make the subject of a special report. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

WM. M. WOOD, Chief of Bureau. Hon. GEORGE M. ROBESON,

Secretary of the Nary.

MARINE CORPS.

HEADQUARTERS MARINE CORPS,

Washington, October 26, 1869. SIR: It gives me pleasure to report to the department that during the past year the various duties assigned to the officers and enlisted men of the marine corps have been so performed as to meet the approbation of the officers in command of our several naval stations, and also, so far as I have learned, on board our vessels in commission.

The troops at the several stations have been twice inspected during the year. Once by the adjutant and inspector of the corps in June last, and recently by myself; and on both occasions they were found in a high state of efficiency and discipline, and the barracks and public property under their charge in the usual good condition.

The general return of the corps, which is transmitted herewith, shows that at the present time there are about twenty-three hundred enlisted men in service. Of this number about one thousand are on board our vessels in commission, and the remainder on shore at the several naval stations.

The number of men at the principal stations, I regard as much too small for the performance of the duties required of them, and at the same time to supply the details for service afloat; and in my judgment the public interests require that there should be at least one hundred additional privates at each of the navy yards at Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, and at the headquarters of the corps. On two or three occasions during the present year the marines at Philadelphia and New York were called upon to aid the civil authorities in enforcing obedience to the laws, which duty was performed with promptness and efficiency. The men at the several stations are always fully equipped, and ever held in readiness for immediate service, and as the troops of the regular army are required for service at the South and West, it is presumed the marine corps will be again called upon, in any future emergency of this character. For this reason alone, if none other existed, two full and efficient companies of men should always be available at each of the yards named. The headquarters of the corps, being the school of instruction for the young officers and recruits entering the service, should at all times have a full battalion of men fit for duty, otherwise the military instruction of officers and men must necessarily be imperfect.

The barracks at headquarters have undergone a most thorough repair during the past summer, and are now in better condition than they have

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