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In this second edition, we have retained all the matter that can now be of use to the reader-the receipt of moneys,
Price Current, &c. being omitted.





1839. 4




in your business,-useful and respectable in society, and beloved

THE CULTIVATOR-MARCH, 1834. and happy in your families. Do not object that you have no time to



read. Few young men labor more hours than did Benjamin Franklin, or are more humble and self-dependent than he was in his youth; In behalf of the society who have assumed the proprietorship of and yet Franklin found abundant time for self-instruction; and so the CULTIVATOR, we tender our thanks to the Post-masters and indefatigable and successful was he in his studies, that he became We need other gentlemen who have interested themselves in procuring sub- one of the most useful and celebrated men of his age. scribers for it. So far as returns have been received, the patronage the day have risen from humble stations by their own industry and not limit the remark to Franklin: most of the distinguished men of is liberal-the number from a post-office seldom falling short of twenty, and frequently amounting to fifty, sixty and seventy. As frugality, and have acquired a great share of their knowledge in the the sole object of the publication is to disseminate useful information, hours not a lotted to ordinary business. Your winter evenings are in the cheapest possible form; and as the profits of subscription, if your own, and may be applied usefully. They may be computed at any accrue, will be applied to the improvement and embellishment one-fourth of the day, or one entire month in a year. Time is muof the work, we hope to stand excused for repeating our request, to ney: and the young man who appropriates this month to the acquirall who are anxious to promote the improvement and prosperity of ing useful knowledge, does more to add to his future fortune, to say our country, to aid in its circulation, by their patronage and influ- nothing of his intellectual wealth, than if he received pay for this We disclaim any wish to lessen the patronage of other agri- month and loaned it upon interest. Knowledge is in another recultural journals. These, so far as we are acquainted with them, are spect like money: the greater the stock of it on hand, the more it producing important benefits, are well conducted, and are deserving will administer to the respectability and enjoyments of life. But of a better support than they receive. But they occupy but a small knowledge is not to be acquired without exertion, nor is any thing portion of the ground-they do not reach one in sixty of our agri-object that imparts to it an intrinsic value. It has been well said, else that is useful in life. It is the labor we bestow in acquiring an cultural population. We seek to improve the unoccupied ground, in order to fit it for higher products. And in the mean time we hope to make our paper so useful, that gentlemen will be willing to ADD this to the periodicals which they already patronize. The low price at which this sheet is offered, is no criterion of what other journals Our terms are predicated upon a large circulation, and are intended to cover merely the expense of paper and mechanical labor, and the latter greatly abridged by the economy a steam printing press. Other journals are subject to heavy charges for services which are here gratuitous. It is for these reasons that we cannot employ, or pay agents, or commissions, and that we appeal to the liberal minded to volunteer their aid in extending the circulation of the paper.

can be afforded at.



In presenting this specimen, we have a few remarks to make to those for whose benefit it is mainly intended.

that "although we may be learned by the help of others, we can nethis monthly sheet to excite a laudable ambition to improve the mind ver be wise but by our own wisdom." It is the humble design of of the former, we think the latter will follow as a natural conseas well as the soil. If we succeed in awakening the latent energies quence, and our object will be attained.

We invite other classes of society than those we have addressed, to patronize this work. The subjects that relate to husbandry embrace a wide field of knowledge, and constitute some of the richest sources of intellectual enjoyment. We hope to make the Cultivator a cheap source of pleasure to all.-Specimen Sheet. To the Executive Committee of the N. Y. State Agricultural Society. The Corresponding Secretary of the New-York State Agricultural Society, having been prevented by indisposition, from attending the annual meeting in February, and making his report for the year 1833, now begs leave to do it through its Ex. Committee. It was To the FARMER, the CULTIVATOR will communicate the best made the duty of the Corresponding Secretary, by resolution of the practices in farming, and afford occasional illustrations, in a plain society, passed at its meeting in February, 1833, to return the thanks style, of some of the principles upon which good husbandry is based. of the society to Dr. William Darlington, of Pennsylvania, for his It will aim to render his labors more profitable and more respectable; able and lucid communication to the society, on the use of lime in -to produce system and economy upon the farm;—and intelligence, agriculture;" and likewise "to Major John Adlum, of Georgetown, virtue and happiness in the domestic circle. There are more than District of Columbia, for the book containing a treatise on the cul250,000 farmers in the state, not more than 5,000 of whom, or one ture of the vine, and on the manufacture of wine from the produce in two hundred and fifty, it is believed, have access to an agricultu- of it; and for a box containing a sample of the wine so manufacturral paper, or possess other means, except that of casual observation, ed." The corresponding secretary has, in both these instances, of knowing the daily improvements which are making in their par- performed the duty assigned him. It was likewise made the duty of ticular business. The reasons of this are, that they either cannot the corresponding secretary, by resolution of the society, that he procure such papers, or that they are unable to pay for them-nei-"address a circular to the presidents of the county agricultural sother of which can apply in this case, as the cost of the CULTIVATOR, cieties already organized, or which may be formed the present year, including postage, is too trivial to be objected to, and the mail will requesting them to transmit to this society, at its annual meeting, afford a certain and regular mode of obtaining them. an account of their several proceedings, with their views of the means best adapted to improve our husbandry, and to diffuse useful knowledge among those who manage its labors." The corresponding secretary has performed that duty, as far as the names of the could be ascertained, but he has received no communications from them in furtherance of the views of the society, and he is yet very The YOUNG MEN we would specially appeal to. You are des- imperfectly informed of the number of the county agricultural societined soon to occupy the stage of public action, and to fill the im- ties there are in this state, who are their officers, and whether they portant stations in society. Now is the time to prepare for these are auxiliary to the state society. While he regrets that this act of high duties, as well as for profit and distinction in your business. courtesy on the part of the officers of the county societies has not Your characters are but partially formed, and are yet susceptible of been extended to the state society, yet he is happy to acknowledge, receiving good or bad impressions, which are to last through life.tnat in several of the counties in this state, which have organized It is important to you, to your friends, and to society, that these im-societies the present year, he has had the pleasure to receive, from pressions should be for good. We will lay before you rules and ex-gentlemen connected with them, an account of such organization, amples of the wisest and best men, to aid you in the formation of and of the names of those who have been chosen its officers. To your characters-to enable you to become intelligent and successful such gentlemen, in behalf of the society, he returns his thanks; and

The MECHANIC is already, or expects at some future time to be, the cultivator of a garden, if not a farm. He will stand in need of instruction in his new art. This the CULTIVATOR will afford him. We shall, besides, advise him of the new discoveries and improve-officers of the county societies which were organized in this state ments which are likely to benefit his craft; and at all times endeavor to give him a two-penny-worth of rational entertainment.


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