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o In this second edition, we have retained all the matter that can now be of use to the reader-the receipt of moneys,

Price Current, &c. being omitted.



SI Cg6 1834, 33


ALBANY, MARCH, 1834. THE CULTIVATOR-MARCH, 1834. and happy in your families. Do not object that you have no time to


read. Few young men labor more hours than did Benjamin Frank. TO IMPROVE THE SOIL AND THE MIND.

lin, or are more humble and self-dependent than he was in his youth; In behalf of the society who have assumed the proprietorship of and yet Franklin found abundant time for self-instruction; and so the CULTIVATOR, we tender our thanks to the Post-masters and indefatigable and successful was he in his studies, that he became other gentlemen who have interested themselves in procuring sub- one of the most

useful and celebrated men of his age. We need scribers for it. So far as returns have been received, the patronage not limit the remark to Franklin: most of the distinguished men of is liberal—the number from a post-office seldom falling short of the day have risen from humble stations by their own industry and twenty, and frequently amounting to fifty, sixty and seventy. As frugality, and have acquired a great share of their knowledge in the the sole object of the publication is to disseminate useful information, hours not allotted tů ordinary business. Your winter evenings are in the cheapest possible form; and as the profits of subscription, if your

own, and may be applied usefully. They may be computed at any accrue, will be applied to the improvement and embellishment one-fourth of the day, or one entire month in a year. Time is muof the work, we hope to stand excused for repeating our request, to ney: and the young man who appropriates this month to the acquirall who are anxious to promote the improvement and prosperity of ing useful knowledge, does more to add to his future fortune, to say our country, to aid in its circulation, by their patronage and influ- nothing of his intellectual wealth, than if he received pay for this ence. We disclaim any wish to lessen the patronage of other agri- month and loaned it upon interest. Knowledge is in another recultural journals. These, so far as we are acquainted with them, are spect like money :.the greater the stock of it on hand, the more it producing important benefits, are well conducted, and are deserving will administer to the respectability, and enjoyments of life. But of a better support than they receive. But they occupy but a smali knowledge is not to be acquired without exertion, nor is any thing portion of the ground ;-they do not reach one in sixty of our agri- else that is useful in life. It is the labor we bestow in acquiring an cultural population. We seek to improve the unoccupied ground, object that imparts to it an intrinsic value. It has been well said, in order to fit it for higher products. And in the mean time we hope ver be wise but by our own wisdom.” It is the humble design of

that “although we may be learned by the help of others, we can neto make our paper so useful

, that gentlemen will be willing to Add this monthly sheet to excite a laudable ambition to improve the mind this to the periodicals which they already patronize. The low price at which this sheet is offered, is no criterion of what other journals as well as the soil. If we succeed in awakening the latent energies can be afforded at. Our terms are predicated upon a large circula- of the former, we think

the latter will follow as a natural consetion, and are intended to cover merely the expense of paper and quence, and our object will be attained. mechanical labər, and the latter greatly abridged by the economy of

We invite other classes of society than those we have addressed, a steam printing press. Other journals are subject to heavy char- to patronize this work. The subjects that relate to husbandry emges for services which are here gratuitous. It is for these reasons

brace a wide field of knowledge, and constitute some of the richest that we cannot employ, or pay agents, or commissions, and that we sources of intellectual enjoyment. We hope to make the Cultivaappeal to the liberal minded to volunteer their aid in extending the tor a cheap source of pleasure to all. ---Specimen Sheet. circulation of the paper.

To the Executive Committee of the N. Y. State Agricultural Society.

The Corresponding Secretary of the New-York State Agricultů. TO THE READER.

ral Society, having been prevented by indisposition, from attending In presenting this specimen, we have a few remarks to make to the annual meeting in February, and making his report for the year those for whose benefit it is mainly intended.

1833, now begs leave to do it through its Ex. Committee. It was To the FARMER, the CULTIVATOR will communicate the best made the duty of the Corresponding Secretary, by resolution of the practices in farming, and afford occasional illustrations, in a plain society, passed at its meeting in February, 1833, to return the thanks style, of some of the principles upon which good husbandry is based. of the society to Dr. William Darlington, of Pennsylvania, for his It will aim to render his labors more profitable and more respectable ;| able and lucid communication to the society, on the use of lime in -to produce system and economy upon the farm;—and intelligence, agriculture;" and likewise “to Major John Adlum, of Georgetown, virtue and happiness in the domestic circle. There are more than District of Columbia, for the book containing a treatise on the cul250,000 farmers in the state, not more than 5,000 of whom, or one ture of the vine, and on the manufacture of wine from the produce in two hundred and fifty, it is believed, have access to an agricultu- of it; and for a box containing a sample of the wine so manufacturral paper, or possess other means, except that of casual observation, ed." The corresponding secretary has, in both these instances, of knowing the daily improvements which are making in their par-performed the duty assigned him. It was likewise made the duty of ticular business. The reasons of this are, that they either cannot || the corresponding secretary, by resolution of the society, that he procure such papers, or that they are unable to pay for them-nei- “ address a circular to the presidents of the county agricultural sother of which can apply in this case, as the cost of the CulTIVATOR, cieties already organized, or which may be formed the present year, including postage, is too trivial to be objected to, and the mail will requesting them to transmit to this society, at its annual meeting, afford a certain and regular mode of obtaining them.

an account of their several proceedings, with their views of the The MECHANIC is already, or expects at some future time to means best adapted to improve our husbandry, and to diffuse useful be, the cultivator of a garden, if not a farm. He will stand in need knowledge among those who manage its labors.” The correspondof instruction in his new art. This the Cultivator will afford him. ing secretary has performed that duty, as far as the names of the We shall, besides, advise him of the new discoveries and improve officers of the county societies which were organized in this state ments which are likely to benefit his craft; and at all times endea- | could be ascertained, but he has received no communications from vor to give him a two.penny-worth of rational entertainment. them in furtherance of the views of the society, and he is yet very

The YOUNG MEN we would specially appeal to. You are des- imperfectly informed of the number of the county agricultural societined soon to occupy the stage of public action, and to fill the im-ties there are in this state, who are their officers, and whether they portant stations in society. Now is the time to prepare for these are auxiliary to the state society. While he regrets that this act of high duties, as well as for profit and distinction in your business.courtesy on the part of the officers of the county societies has not Your characters are but partially formed, and are yet susceptible ofbeen extended to the state society, yet he is happy to acknowledge, receiving good or bad impressions, which are to last through life. ftnat in several of the counties in this state, which have organized It is important to you, to your friends, and to society, that these im- societies the present year, he has had the pleasure to receive, from pressions should be for good. We will lay before you rules and ex-gentlemen connected with them, an account of such organization, amples of the wisest and best men, to aid you in the formation of and of the names of those who have been chosen its officers. To your characters to enable you :o become intelligent and successfulllsuch gentlemen, in behalf of the society, he returns his thanks; and


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