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sufficient check. Who would go and speaking of the kindness with into Chancery with a doubtful case, which he had ever treated him, he of very small property? Something says, “I did not put you down into has lately been said of Chancery the office of a Local Preacher.” sees, and of pensions in lieu of And to another, speaking of the them. The authors of such Bills as wish on the part of some that the bave lately been investigated, should assembled Conference should have not say much about the expences of the power hitherto exercised by himlitigation, or seeking to render liti. sell, he says, that he exercises the pow. gation less frequent.

er which he possessed “gently to But Mr. Macaulay, in his anger habituate the people to obey them at the Wesleyan opposition to Soci- when I should be taken from their nianism, goes beyond all the other head.” And this is in perfect accordspeakers. We see that some news. ance with his Deed of Declaration, by paper Editors have spoken of his which he constitutes the Conference speech as carefully prepared before the supreme governing authority in hand. This must be a mistake. Methodism, its members being thus However he may seek to imitate made his successors, to do, after his Sheridan in getting ready his extem- death, whai he had done during his poraneous effusions, in what he said life-time. As to the necessity of about Mr. Wesley and the Wesley- episcopal ordination, he spoke of ans, there must have been nothing the “succession scheme" as a “mere but extemporaneous thought. Pre- fable, which nobody ever has vious thought would have prevented proved or ever can such a pointless reference. The asserted his belief that he himself Wesleyans, it seems, receive “the was, to all intents and purposes, a sacrament in their own chapels” at scriptural Bishop. He therefore the hands of their own Ministers,— appointed Preachers to administer we bęg Mr. Macaulay's pardon,- the sacraments in Scotland, where " at the hands of loymen ;” and thus his Church-of-England reasons did departing from the expressed inten- not apply, and the same, subsetion of their Founder, they may quently, in America. The whole questhemselves need the protection of tion is one of discipline, not doctrine; the Bill! There are some subjects, and even in regard to discipline, it seems, that Mr. Macaulay has not only one of time and place. As an studied; and this is one of them. abstract doctrine, indeed, Mr. Wesley Mr. Wesley did not regard his lti. held that the sacraments were not to nerant Preachers as laymen. They be administered by laymen ; and this were separated to the work of the is the doctrine of Methodism still. ministry, though, on account of the Unordained probationers are peculiar relation in which he stood allowed to administer the sacrato the Church of England, and his ments, except, in cases of emergency, strong wishes to preserve, if possi- that of baptism. But he did not ble, a friendly connexion with it, he regard his Preachers in this light. confined their ministerial labours It might be added, indeed, that even chiefly to the ministry of the word. if what he said on this subject More than this friendly connexion amounted to a doctrine, it was not a be sought not. This is evident from standard doctrine. The Wesleyan the fact, that when Mr. Walker, of standard of doctrine referred to in Truro, called on him to place his the Trust-Deeds of their chapels, is societies in that town under the care not found in just anytbing that Mr. of himself, as Minister of the parish, Wesley might write or say, but in he at once refused. And the light certain volumes definitely marked in which the Itinerant Preachers out by him. Not all even of his were regarded by him is evident sermons are to be taken as such a from expressions occurring in two rule, but “the first four volumes' letters of his. Expostulating with only; and the sermon in which he one Preacher on some parts of his states that the sacraments were not conduct of which he complained, to be administered by his Preachers,

Vol. XXIII. Third Series. August, 1814, 3 A


is not included in them. In princi. gives the meed of praise. If, to. ple there has been no change, and wards the conclusion of the same in practice there has only been an century, Socinian Clergymen (1) meet alteration in a disciplinary regula at the “ Feathers Tavern,” in Lontion. Just as well might Mr. Ma- don, to petition to be relieved from caulay have argued that the Wes. subscribing articles which they do leyans had departed from Mr. Wes. not believe, and yet to be permitted ley's doctrines by having public wor. to hold the property given to the ship in their chapels in church Church for the support of those dochours.” The principles of Method- trines, the same liberal Senators are ism are the same as ever, but alter. their parliamentary advocates. At ed circumstances have required some the beginning of the present century alierations of plan ; and when the a specimen of their favourite Divines conduct of others has rendered such is furnished in Bishop Watson, and alterations necessary, the blame of Dr. Parr. And if we come to the it, if blame there be, attaches exclu- present day, not the slightest ten. sively to them.

dency to alteration appears. And This is not the place, however, to this is not the worst of the case. It discuss the reasons for the altera. is not a phlegmatic indifference to tion. We are only pointing out its what the church of Christ has nature, and showing that its true always believed to be essential and character is altogether different from characteristic truth,-to what the that which Mr. Macaulay attributes pious, however differing in other to it.

respects, have not only always keld, But wherefore this angry outcry? but always held as most dear, their The Wesleyans, along with the great comfort in life, their hope in death, majority of the Dissenters, together their salvation, their all,—it is not with a large number of members of indifference that we have noticed, the Church, object to the alteration but an intensely bitter feeling of disin the law of trusts, and state that like. Talk of the odium theologicum, their objections are greatly strength. indeed! They who want to know ened by the fact, that the alteration what this means, must go into the is proposed exclusively for the bene- regions of heresy and infidelity. It fit of the Unitarians, to whom the is in cold and barren Iceland that Bill gives the quiet possession of we find such boiling-hot springs of property which they ought never to water. It is this powerful feeling of have possessed at all. And have aversion to evangelical doctrine they not an undoubted right so to which developes itself in many of object ? But their objections, it their political plans, otherwise often seems, really proceed from the very plausibly represented. Some odium theologicum; and, therefore, years ago we read a pamphlet on fix on the objecters the indelible the amelioration of the criminal characters of bigotry, Be it so. code, in which were many powerful We understand the charge well. arguments ; but, at the close, the And let the public understand it. author could not help uncovering It is only another way of asserting the cloven foot, by expressing his the unimportance of religious truth, hope that the demon of vindictive the perfect innoxiousness of error. justice” (evidently referring to the We have long seen, and seen with demonstration of the righteous deep regret, the close connexion be- of God, which is at the very foundatween what are called liberal opi- tion of the doctrine of atonement) nions in politics, and utter careless- would be “ banished from the throne ness as to the great truths of re of the universe.” Liberty is not to vealed religion. Locke introduced be sought by the establishment of a the leaven; and it now seems to real infidelity; and its friends must have leavened the whole lump. If a henceforth be more careful in regard liberal historian has to refer to the to their allies than perhaps bitherto Clergy of the early part of the last they have been. It will not do for century, it is to the Arians that he Christian believers to become the



associates, much less the followers, as his political opponents have made of those so forcibly referred to by

cause with himn in this Cowper,–

measure, they who may feel theins ** Point to the cure, describe a Saviour's cross

selves aggrieved by the Bill have as As God's expedient to retrieve his loss, much reason to complain of Lord The bold apostate sickens at the view, John Russell as of hiinseif? A wise And hates it with the malice of a Jew."

Statesman, especially in days like We pity Sir Robert Peel. Op- the present, ought never to calcuposed by some of his best friends, late on such feelings as these. Behe has gained, thus far, the victory sides, there are some who are often by the help of a number of the ad- influenced by the sentiment versaries of what we, and our read. pressed in Gay's couplet, even ers with us, believe to be all-import- though they may never have read ant truth. Does he think that he the couplet itsell,cannot be injured in his standing by

“An open foe may prove a curse, such a mode of proceeding, because, But a pretended friend is worse."



Delineation of Roman Catholicism, drawn from the authentic and acknow

ledged Standards of the Church of Rome ; namely, her Creeds, Catechisms, Decisions of Councils, Papal Bulls, Roman Catholic Writers, the Rrcords of llistory, &c.: in which the peculiar Doctrines, Morals, Gorernment, and Usages of the Church of Rome are stated, treated at lurge, and confuted. By the Rev. Charles Elliott, D.D. A New Edition, corrected and revised throughout, with numerous important Additions, by the Rev. John S. Stamp. Imperial 8vo. pp. xvi, 822.


Nces are now evidently love, for God dwells there, and God calling for a revived study of the is love : but the church is likewise whule Popish controversy. It was the pillar and ground of the truth ; once hoped that the battle had been and whenever the truth is assailed, fought, and the victory so far won, especially that by obedience to which that it would not be necessary to do through the Spirit the heart is purimore than tread in the steps of the fied, and the great work of regeneraold sturdy polemics who had so well tion effected, it must, at all hazards, performed their duty to God and his and regardless of all consequences, church, and employ the ample mate he defended ; and no dread of opprorials which they had provided. But briuin must hinder those open and the "signs of the times,” which we strenuous exertions which the deare always bound to observe, and by fence may require. The profession which the Christian is always re• of Christianity is very widely quired to regulate his conduct, are spread ; but amongst those who call not to be mistaken. Great as are themselves Christians, there the blessings of peace, they are many who attach no value whatever never to be purchased by the sacrifice to those doctrines which give to of truth. It is not only a mistaken, Christianity all its worth and all its but a spurious, charity which would power. With them, attachment to place truth below peace, and seek to truth is bigotry; and because the secure the latter by repudiating the nervous and significant combinations claims of the former. 'The wisdom of the Greek language enabled that is from above is first pure, then those whose vernacular tongue it peaceable ; and where truth is dis was to express by two words only regarded, purity can no longer be differing by a single vowel, (homofound. The church is the abode of ousian and homoigusian, as the con



The expres.

troversy is sometimes termed,) the the

poor have the Gospel preached two opposed facts, on one of which, unto them,” and that by such to the total exclusion of the other, preaching the poor are evangelized. the entire religion of the Bible must But in the human heart, there is not rest, the whole dispute has been only the pride of self-righteousness, ridiculed as though the question but the pride of social rank; and by whetber the Lord Christ were very the clear and efficient ministrations God, or a mere man, were only a of evangelical truth, both are offendtrifling contention about a single ed. Something of the kind was exletter. No wonder that such per- hibited in the days of our Lord. sons are altogether opposed to the On one occasion there “ drew near Popish controversy. The efforts of to him the publicans and sinners for Luther they represent as being de to hear him ;” and it is added, signed for the establisbment of “ And the Scribes and Pharisees," liberty, rather than for the assertion constituting, in modern language, of truth; and for a liberty endan- the gentility of the day, gered only by the spirit of the age, ed.” And, foolish as it may appear not for truths contradicted by an to those who have just notions on abiding and unchangeable system. the subject of respectability, yet the We would direct the very earnest fact is too important to be disreattention of the reader to this por- garded, that at the present day this tentous aversion to the revival of disposition operates powerfully in the controversy with Rome. They favour of Popery, and therefore who are thus adverse to it will not, powerfully against the revival of the or cannot, see, that the points in Popish controversy. debate are most intimately connect sion attributed to Charles II., that ed with the question as to the true Popery was a religion for gentlemen, nature of personal religion,-a ques. may have been thrown off carelesstion, the answer to wbich, on the ly; but it was a true splinter from assumption that one party is right, the mass, and involves a deeplywill be almost as far as possible dis- rooted principle. Popery has always tinct from that which a different sought to invest itself with earthly assumption suggests. Religion, sub- grandeur ; and there are minds jectively considered, is one thing on which, of any other kind of gran. the principles of Luther, another deur, seem incapable of forming on those of the Council of Trent. even a conception. Laud is reported But those very doctrines which, to to have said, that, in the public the genuine Protestant, possess such worship of the Presbyterians, he yast importance, constituting, as he could perceive no beauty of holiness. believes them to do, that element This, indeed, is only one form of the which gives efficiency to the Gospel, fact, that man walks by sight, that he and makes it “the power of God is sensual, or, if the phrase be preunto salvation,” are precisely those ferred, that he is sensuous ; but still, which the unregenerate heart most the results are both extensive and deeply dislikes, as tending directly, mischievous. Dazzled by the visi. powerfully, and manifestly, to the ble magnificence of Popery, multiabasement of human pride. And tudes of the great ones of the world, thence results another reason for even if they do not fall down and this aversion to controversy with worship the golden image, will look Rome. By whatsoever the fact is with complacency on the whole seroccasioned, fact it is, that what was vice, and even attribute to derotion said of our Lord in reference to his the excitement occasioned by psalministry, " And the cominon people tery, dulcimer, and sackbut, and all heard him gladly,” has been equally kinds of music. But the believers true of every one who has faithfully in that Gospel wherein “is revealed preached “ Christ crucified, the wiss the rightousness of God," furnish dom of God, and the power of God.” no such visible means of attraction. In all ages, whenever the Gospel has The glory of genuine Protestantism been preached, it has been true that is spiritual glory, the glory of justi

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fication and sanctification, received studied as well as respected. And by a faith which requires a broken well will the study be repaid, both and a contrite heart, not ministered by the copious information which it by sacraments and rites, (however will supply, and the increase of important in their true character,) mental vigour and acuteness which which may be connected with such it will occasion. But Popery, though imposing splendour, that the pride of always the same, skilfully adapts the heart being stirred up by nothing itself to times and circumstances. offensive, its dormancy may even It studies, particularly, existing prebe mistaken for humility. We wish judices, and is always sound carethe fact were less obvious, or that it fully to avail itself of them. Lite. comprehended a narrower range; rally, and to an extent of which he but fact it is, that, by many who from whom the words are quoted move in the higher walks of life, never dreamed, it becomes evangelical religion is regarded as things to all men." In the cabinet distasteful and vulgar, and the pro of the despot there is the Priest aidfession of it associated in their ing the plans of despotism, and emminds with the idea of a barbarous ploying religion to forge or to and low-lived fanaticism. To Po strengthen the fetters whereby a pery belong the pomp and the adorn- nation is to be held in bondage. ings of the crucifix; but to Method. And in the meetings of revolutionism, (as evangelical Protestantism is ary anarchists there are Priests, adoften nick named) there is given vocating the wildest claims of poputhe reproach of the cross.

lar right, and exciting the passions Popery is reviving, and the most of the multitude to madness. With singular combinations of circum- the high-born, Popery is polite and stances are contributing to strength- dignified; while over the rude and en its position, and aid its efforts ignorant, the semi-civilized, but fafor the recovery of lost dominion. natically superstitious, the Priest, Some would oppose Papists, but its representative, comes with his their opposition is weakened, some- horsewhip, and with his anathemas, times neutralized, by their religious flogging some, cursing others, that respect for essential Popery. Others so he may rule all. “At one time would oppose Popery, but political the liberty of the press is to be considerations induce them to sup. restrained by “Indexes" and "Cenport Papists, overlooking the im- sors;" at another, it is to be used portant fact, that whoever may play for the dissemination of whatever fast and loose with religion, the principles the present exigency may Papist never does. That credit is appear to require. With the Pope, undeniably due to him; and there liberty of conscience is all a prefore, whatever power he obtains, it tence, which must not for a moment is sure to be employed on behalf of be even listened to. At Madeira, what he believes to be the only true liberty of conscience is a crime callreligion. Popery is increasing in ing for imprisonment and death. strength and influence ; and because By Romanist speakers in the Briit ought to be opposed, the study of tish Parliament, liberty of conscience the controversy ought to be revived, is represented as one of the dearest that the opposition may be conduct. rights of men ; and they are never ed with a vigour and efficiency bear 80 eloquent as when descanting on ing some proportion to the import- its excellencies. In Spain, all who ance of the questions at issue. belong not to the Roman Church

It is true, that many works of are heretics; in England, they are great value have already been writ. friends and brethren. ten on this subject. And time does senting such a variety of aspects, not diminish their value. The writ- thus changing them at will, as may ings of Jewel, Abbott, Downham, be deemed requisite, the true chaas well as of the men of a later age, racter of the system can only be asas collected, for instance, in Bishop certained by that close and resolute Gibson's “Preservative,” are to be study which shall refuse to be die

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