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vish and morose who utterly denies plicity of religious worship among
some miracles to have been really the Britons, and to operate upon
effected by him :" be, nevertheless, the imagination and superstition of
himself gives a reason for denying the Saxons by means of sensual doc-
them all. Augustine," he says, trines, and a gaudy ritual, which
"safely wafted over the sea, lands he had imported from Italy. Image-
with the rest at Thanet, in Kent; worship, purgatorial inflictions, the
taking, as it seems, deep footing, if efficacy of good works, and the vir-
it be true what one writes, that the tue of old bones, yclept relics, were
print of his steps, where he first all ready and at hand. “The wily
landed, left as perfect a mark in a Monk,” says a modern writer, "as-
main rock, as if it had been wax; sumed such austerity of manner,
and the Romanists will cry shame and sanctity of deportment, that he
on our hard hearts, if our obdurate effectually secured the veneration of
belief, more stubborn than stone, the deluded multitude ; and by his
will not as pliably receive the im- pretended miracles, which any jug-
pression of this miracle. But it is gler of the present day could sur-
worthy our consideration, that, pass, very easily imposed on their
though Augustine all his way might credulity. Gregory was transported
be tracked by the wonders' he left with joy on hearing the continued
behind him; (when thirsty, miracu- prosperity of the mission; and, in a
lously fetching a fountain ; when letter to Ethelbert, exhorted him to
cold, a fire ; restoring to the blind assist Augustine in the good work,
and lame their eyes and limbs ;) yet, by all the expedients of exhortation,
for all this, he was fain to bring in- TERROR, and CORRECTION.”
terpreters out of France with him, No myrmidon of the Romish In-
by whose help he might understand quisition of a later period could be
the English, and be understood by more ready to second the views of
them. Whereas in holy writ, when his imperious master, than the blood-
the Apostles (and Papists commonly thirsty Monk. He determined to
call Augustine the English Apostle) compel the British Church to sub-
went to a foreign nation, God gave mit to his authority; and for this
them the language thereof, lest purpose he convened a Synod of
otherwise their preaching should British Bishops at Augustine's Ac,
have the vigour" thereof abated, or Oak, which is supposed to have
taken at the second-hand, or rather been situated on the banks of the
at the second-mouth, as Augustine’s Severn, in some part of the county
was, who used an interpreter, not of Worcester or Gloucester.
as Joseph to his brethren, out of
state and policy, but out of mere

“ It is agreed on all hands, that it necessity. This, I say, well thought that they should consent to three partie

was required of the British Christians on, will make our belief to demur to

culars : to observe the Roman time of the truth of his so frequent miracles, holding Easter ; to adopt the Roman being so redundant in working them

form of baptism, and other ceremonies ; on trivial occasions, and so defective and to co-operate with the Roman Clergy in a matter of most moment."

in converting the Saxons. Bishop StilThe mission of Augustine, no lingfleet has clearly proved that these matter by what motive it was under terms were not put as terms of agreetaken, was the point of the Papal ment, but demanded as evidences of subwedge which, first insinuated into mission; and insists that the language the ecclesiastical hierarchy of Eng- of Augustine ought to be rendered, land by, Gregory I., was speedily Would they, or would they not, own driven deeper and deeper, until, by To this the Britons answered most per

his authority in those three things ?' the authority of Innocent III., it tinently, when they replied, that they completely destroyed the independ, would do none of these things, nor reence of the British Church, and

ceive him as their Archbishop. As this laid her prostrate at the feet of the is the rejoinder which Bede (who was Pope. It was therefore the policy strongly prejudiced in favour of the of Augustine to undermine the sim- Roman party) assures us our country.

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men did give; and as it is most im act according to this advice. When probable that they would have at all they had arrived at the appointed place, adverted to the accepting of Augustine Augustine, who was already seated, ina as their Archbishop, if it had never been stead of rising up to greet them, kept actually or virtually required; it is plain his place; which conduct, agreeably to that, however difficult it may be now to the advice they had received, and the obtain the exact terms of the debate, impressions they had formed, was attrithe supremacy of the Roman Prelates buted to pride, and consequently they must have been in some way stipulated, rejected every proposal that he made. and therefore that the refusal was a “ The account which Bede has premanly and proper assertion of inde served of this conference scarcely er. pendence on the part of the British tends beyond the information already Christians.

given; but the ancient British annals “ Argument having failed, Augustine state, that Dinoth, the learned Abbot of had recourse to one of his miracles. Bangor, entered with great acuteness The Britons are said to have unwill. and erudition into the dispute concerningly consented' to this mode of settling ing supremacy, maintaining that the the dispute. A blind man, a Saxon, Archbishop of St. David's had just and was then produced, whom the British true authority over the British churches, Bishops could not cure, but who, it is and that it would not be for their interest said, was immediately restored to sight to acknowledge either Roman pride or by Augustine. This miracle, although Saxon tyranny. He found fault with insufficient to convince the Britons, pro Gregory for not admonishing the Saxons duced considerable effect on the by of their gross usurpations, against their standers. The result of this debate was solemn oaths; adding, that if they would a promise of the Britons, that they would be thought good Christians, they should consult the great body of their brethren, restore the power to those from whom and attend another and larger assembly, they had so unjustly and tyrannically when it should be convened.

wrested it. For, as Stillingfleet observes, “At this second conference, seven Dinoth could not but know that the British Bishops attended, and many Pope, under a pretence of bringing in learned men from the famous monastery the true faith, could not confirm them in of Bangor, with Dinoth, the Abbot, at their unjust usurpation; and no doubt their head. Before proceeding to the the British Bishops looked upon this place of meeting, they consulted an aged attempt of Augustine upon them to be anchorite, of great repute for his sanctity the adding of one usurpation to another; and wisdom; asking him, if it would be' which made them so adverse to any comproper for them to give up their tra munication with the Missionaries. ditions at the persuasion of Augustine. “ This appears to be the great secret

If he be a man of God,' said the of the disagreement: the Britons always anchorite, follow him.' "But how,' regarded the Saxons as having unjustly they inquired, 'can we be assured of and violently taken possession of the this ?' "The Lord hath said,' rejoined country; and when they began to prohe, ' Learn of me ; for I am meek and fess the religion of Christ, without giving lowly in heart. If this Augustine be up or making compensation for their meek and lowly in heart, you may be ill-gotten property, the inveterate oppolieve, that as he bears the yoke of Christ sition of the despoiled and persecuted himself, he will impose no other upon Britons was rather increased than dimi. you ; but if he show himself haughty nished by the circumstance. This result and proud, that affords you proof that appears to have been greatly strength. he is not of God, nor are we to regard ened by the harsh and haughty conduct his words.' • But how,' they asked of Augustine, who, seeing that his proagain, shall we be able to discern even posals were rejected, 'is said in a threatthis ?' Do you contrive,' said the ening manner to have foretold, that in anchorite, that he may first arrive with case they would not join in unity with his company at the place where the their brethren, they should be warred Synod is to be held; and if at your upon by their enemies; and if they approach he shall rise up to you, hear would not preach the way of life to the him submissively, being assured that he English nation, they should at their hands is the servant of Christ ; but if he shall undergo the vengeance of death.' despise you, and not rise up to you, “ Thus terminated this conference; seeing you are the greater number, then and thus firmly did the heads of the let him be despised by you.'

ancient British church resist the inroads “ The British Christians resolved to of Romish authority, and maintain their

mas

independence. If certain circumstances Smith has done good service to the had not afterward occurred, the closing cause of truth in this publication; speech of Augustine might have been

for which, we hope, he will receive passed over and forgotten; but a few the sincere thanks and hearty supyears afterward the Britons were invaded by Ethelrid, the Saxon King of Nor- port of the whole Protestant worlá. thumberland ; who, having taken Ches

Such a work as the present, so comter, advanced with his arniy into Wales. prehensive in its design, and within The Monks of Bangor, remembering the

the pecuniary reach of most classes threats of Augustine, were filled with desiring to possess it, has long been alarm. The Britons collected their a desideratum in the ecclesiastical forces; and on the armies approaching literature of our country. To the each other, the Saxon King observed a juvenile portion of the community it great number of persons apart from the will be invaluable, to whom we corBritish troops. On inquiring who those dially recommend an attentive and were, he was told that they were Priests studious investigation of its pages, and Monks, who were engaged in earnest

as furnishing a brilliant illustration prayer to God for the protection of their nation. If, then, said he, they cry to

of the high antiquity and longtheir God against us, in truth, though

asserted independence of primitive they do not bear arms, yet they fight

British Christianity; and showing against us, because they oppose us by

that, in proportion as Popery gained their prayers. He therefore commanded a footing in this country, her simthem to be attacked first, when about plicity and purity declined, until, twelve hundred of those that came to by degrees, the leaven of Romanism pray are said to have been killed.' Thus

pervaded “the whole lump," and these unarmed Christians were

the ancient Church of Britain resacred ; and afterward the British army

luctantly sank down under the was defeated, although with great loss

odious and overwhelming incubus to the Saxons.

of external aggression, superstition, “'The consequence of the battle of

and error. Chester was, that the monastery of Ban

Then succeeded a long gor Iscoed 'fell into the hands of the and dark night of ignorance and conqueror, and felt all the effects of his corruption : signs of returning anirage. That noble institution never after mation and vigour occasionally were raised its head. This was the largest exhibited; and often was the voice of all the Bangors, or religious houses, heard, “ Awake, awake, put on thy among the Britons ; but even the very strength, 0 Zion; shake thyself ruins cannot now be traced. Giraldus from the dust; arise !”-faint, and Cambrensis mentions that in his day the

almost imperceptible, at first; but vast pile of ruins then to be seen bore louder, and yet louder, as the petestimony to the ancient fame and extent

riod advanced when the day of of this monastery. But we have now only the name of this once-celebrated emancipation dawned, and her blessplace, which is said to have contained

ed and intrepid deliverers addressed accommodations for seven

courses of themselves to the work of her reMonks, each course including three formation! Historical facts cannot hundred.'” (Pages 365–370.)

be set aside by the mere repetition

of senseless, although antiquated, We regret that our limits forbid calumnies. The undaunted and our noticing at any greater length persevering Reformers no more conthis volume, which we have perused templated the erection of a new with intense interest and pleasure. Church, than the construction of a The remaining chapters are occu railway to the moon; they “onely pied with an account of “the reli- endeavoured,” says Bishop Hall, gion of the Saxon and British “(not without happy successe,) to Churches, until the establishment cleanse, scoure, restore, reforme, of the Romish uniformity;" " The her from that filthy soyle, both of learning, doctrines, and piety of the disorder and errors, wherewith she Anglo-Saxon Church ; “ The was shamefully blemished.” “ Those priestcraft, corruption, and decline worthy husbandmen,” says Archof the Anglo-Saxon Church ;" and, bishop Ussher, “in plucking up "Concluding observations." Mr. those pernicious weeds out of the

Lord's field, and severing the chaff is the same, but weeded now, un. from his grain, cannot be rightly weeded then ; the grain is the same, said, in doing this, either to have but wionowed now, unwinnowed brought in another field, or to have then.” changed the ancient grain : the field

SELECT LIST OF BOOKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED,

CHIEFLY RELIGIOUS,

With Characteristic Notices.

[The insertion of any article in this List is not to be considered as pledging us to the approbatiss of its contents, unless it be accompanied by some express notice of our favourable opinion, Nor is the omission of any such notice to be regarded as indicating a contrary opinion; as our limits, and other reasons, impose on us the necessity of selection and brevity.)

The Life of the Rev. Mr. Henry graphy has undergone but little revision. Moore, the Biographer and Executor of The extraordinary case of diabolical the Rev. John Wesley; including the agency recorded in the edition of 1830, Autobiography, and the Continuation, pp. 378_385, is omitted altogether written from his own Papers. By Mrs. in the present work. Reference is made Richard Smith, Continuator of the Life (p. 167) to the anxiety of Dr. Whiteof Dr. Adam Clarke, F. A.S. 8vo. head-whose conduct, with regard Pp. viii, 408. Simpkin and Co.-The to Mr. Wesley's manuscripts, met with volume now before us professes to con such merited reprehension" to be retain the autobiography of Mr. Moore, instated in the Methodist society," while which was published by himself in no intimation is given, in the preceding 1830, in a work entitled, “Sermons on part of the volume, that he ever had several Occasions, by the Rev. Henry been removed from the body. A docuMoore; with a brief Memoir of his Life ment, however, lies before us, which and Christian Experience, from his contains the finding of a Meeting, beld Birth to the first Conference held after in West-street chapel, Dec. 9th, 1791, the Death of Mr. Wesley ;” and a at which thirty Preachers were present. continuation thereof, compiled from his They decided, that “Dr. Whitehead own papers. The latter Mr. Moore evi. has acted wrong in not fulfilling the late dently intended should be also his own Rev. Mr. John Wesley's Will, in respect undertaking: the task, however, was of his manuscripts, and that we cannot con. postponed from time to time, until an tinue him as a Preacher amongst us, until attack of paralysis, which nearly took he fulfil the said Will with regard to the away the use of his right hand, rendered said manuscripts." By the Rev. James him physically incapable of accomplish. Rogers, the Superintendent of the Looing it. Mrs. Smith, a daughter of the don Circuit, Dr. Whitehead was subselate Rev, Adam Clarke, at Mr. Moore's quently removed from the Wesleyan special request, undertook its perform- society. A chronological, as well as ance; for which his papers were placed historical, error is committed in p. 325, in her hands, and the different portions in respect of that Conference which of manuscript were left with him for his introduced the legitimate practice of orperusal and judgment : these he care daining by the imposition of hands to the fully examined, adding, occasionally a full functions of the Christian ministry few lines of his own, and to any import. its candidates for that office : the Conant fact he affixed his name. The ference alluded to was held in Birmingmanuscript, from his ninetieth to his ham, in 1836, not 1837 : the Rev. Jabez ninety-first birth-day, in Mr. Bunting, D.D., was the President, and Moore's charge, when he was seized with not, as stated by Mrs. Smith, the Rev. that fit, the effects of which closed his Edmund Grindrod. The biographical mortal career. The original autobio reminiscences of Mrs. Tighe, the author

was

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of “ Psyche," and her family, with whom cordially approved, and, to the utmost of
Mr. Moore was on intimate terms, will his ability, zealously supported, those
be read with mournful interest by the valuable and increasingly important es-
admirers of that lady. The letter of the tablishments, now formed at Richmond
learned and excellent Alexander Knox, and Didsbury. To our certain know-
Esq., (pp. 296_303,) furnishes an ad- ledge, during the location of the In-
mirable testimony to the scriptural cha stitution at Hoxton, under the gover.
racter and ecclesiastical purity of Wes norship of the Rev. Joseph Entwisle,
leyan theology and discipline. Asa whole, he was accustomed to invite the students
the volume contains much that throws occasionally to his house, and converse
light on several parts of the history of Me.. with them on subjects of usefulness and
thodism in former days, and will on that importance in their theological studies,
account be additionally valuable. On a few and often expressed to Mr. Entwisle
points Mr. Moore was at variance with his pleasure at witnessing their personal
his brethren ; and we regret that Mrs. piety and improvement. If Mr. Moore
Smith should have given such marked had availed himself of the means of
prominence to one of them, while almost becoming acquainted with the merits of
all the other points of dispute are care such institutions, and of witnessing their
fully and studiously withheld. Mr. steady rise in the good opinion, as well
Moore evidently was in favour of ordina as cheerful support, of the Wesleyan
tion by imposition of hands; but, contrary body, he would have been one of their
to his brethren, he thought that Mr. Wes warmest friends. Mr. Moore could not
ley had committed that power to him; have been ignorant that the whole pro-
ergò, he ought to have been the ordaining cedure was purely Wesleyan. With the
party. From the document in the volume mind of the founder of Methodism on
on the subject of the Theological Institu this subject, Mr. Moore, as his “inti.
tion, it appears that Mr. Moore opposed mate friend," must have been conversant.
its establishment; but, says Mrs. Smith, The establishment of “a seminary for
"he would not injure his own spirit by labourers was frequently a subject of
plunging it into any waters of strife.” consideration. The reasons why it was
The documentary and other evidence not afterwards carried into effect, appear
of the state of affairs at the period re to have been, the rapid spread of the
ferred to, drives us to a very far different work, and the consequent demand for ad.
conclusion from that at which she has ditional Preachers. Mr. W'esley looked
arrived. Mr. Moore, in 1834, was to Kingswood school as subsidiary to
adverse to the establishment of a Theo this design. In the mean time he en-
logical Institution; but twenty years joined the study of the Greek and Latin
previous, many of our readers will re poets and historians, as well as the
collect that he was equally so with original Scriptures, upon the Preachers,
regard to the new method then adopted and a large course of theological and
for raising supplies for the support of general reading-conduct which
our foreign Missions. Mr. Moore was tainly shows Mr. Wesley's views as to
then in a state of health, vigour, and the subserviency of literature to useful-
activity ; he saw the working of the ness in the ministry. In the complete
system, the fears which he entertained Minutes of the Conference of 1745,
respecting it vanishing from before him ; this subject was again made the topic
and, like an honest man, he expressed of conversation. «Can we have a se-
regret for having judged erroneously, minary for labourers yet ? Answer.
and became a warm supporter and elo- Not till God gives us a proper tutor."
quent advocate of the whole plan. It So that the institution was actually re-
is a curious co-incidence that we have on solved on, and delayed only by circum-
our table a copy of the Minutes of a

Into a similar proposition Dr. Meeting of the Liverpool District Com- Adam Clarke, the sainted parent of our mittee, held May 23d, 1815, and bearing “ Continuator,” most cordially entered, in the signature of “ Henry Moore, Chair- 1806. “We want,” said he, in a letter man;" where the objections taken by before us, “we want, God knows ! we him to the plan are embodied, which want some kind of seminary for educate were afterwards presented for the consi. ing uch workme for the vineyard of deration of the Conference. Our un

our God, as need not be ashamed; but alterable opinion is, that, had it pleased who now, through the disadvantageous divine Providence to have continued to situations in which they have been bred, Mr. Moore the full enjoyment of his men- know not even how to use the talents tal and physical powers, long before his which God has given them. Speak, O death, the venerable man would have speak speedily, to all your friends ! let

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