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are, having spent their little capital, portioned out land which the natives idling about the town, and many of claim; the natives resist the occupation them penniless. As it is, innocent par.. of the land by the duped settlers ; feuds ties are the sufferers. This land-quesand quarrels daily arise ; and I greatly tion is every day becoming more diffi fear that the Wairau tragedy will prove cult; and how it can be settled peace- only the first of a series. Lord, underably, I know not. The Company have take for us!
Extract of a Letter from the Same, dated February 27th, 1844. Since my last, we have been visited tions, relying on the blessing of God; by Governor Fitzroy. His Excellency for our present place is so very incom. landed here on Saturday, the 27th ultimo, modious, that many people retire every and held a levee at two o'clock the same Sabbath evening, not being able to day, at which I was present. In the squeeze inside the porch, and the work short conversation which I had with of God is consequently very much him on being presented, His Excellency cramped. manifested the utmost kindness. He The building which we have comhad seen the Rev. Walter Lawry several menced is thirty-nine feet by forty-eight times previous to his leaving England, feet, and twenty-two feet in the clear. expressed his satisfaction with the con It is to be of brick, and is calculated duct of the Wesleyan Missionaries, and to seat three hundred persons : however, promised to render them all the assist we suppose four hundred will be able to ance in his power. His Excellency get in. His Excellency the Governor granted me a private interview on the very kindly complied with our invitation 31st, and was pleased to ask my opinion to lay the foundation-stone. The cere. on several points of interest to the abori- mony took place on Thursday last, the gines, about which he was anxious to 22d instant. The weather was very unhave all the information he could. He propitious; but a large company, both particularly referred to the late disastrous native and English, met together ; and conflict at Wairau, and requested that I the speech of His Excellency was most would hide nothing from him of which liberal and kind. Our newspaper conI might be aware, that he might be the tains a fair account of the service ; and better qualified to decide on the case. the speech was taken down from the His Excellency again said that he should Governor's lips by an officer of the render us any assistance it was in his Crown present, so that it is verbatim. power to afford, for the erection of chapels Although the elements raged exceedingly or schools.
in the evening, yet a very numerous and The satisfaction which I felt on this happy company met together in the latter point, induced me at once to call a Exchange to take tea, and the speeches meeting of the Building Committee, and afterwards were replete with interest and see what we could do privately, in order eloquence. to meet the Governor's proposition. The The Governor has also accomplished. members of that Committee were even a very difficult task ; namely, the settlemore sanguine than myself; and it was ment of the land-question between the determined to canvass the town at once, natives and the Company. Colonel The result was, money paid, £90; pro Wakefield, on behalf of the above Commised, £50 ; promise of labour, £40: pany, has advanced £1,500 (the award total, £180. The building of the size of Mr. Spain, the Commissioner) to setrequired will cost £500 to finish it; but tle the question as to lands in the Portwe can get the roof on, and the doors Nicholson District. This is over and and windows in, for about £320. Now, above what he paid before ; so that now, we may safely calculate on getting the natives having been fairly compen£200 here, and the Company's grant sated, we may hope to dwell in peace and Government assistance will, we trust, and comfort, and that prosperity may enable us to finish the chapel free from
attend us. debt. At any rate, we have determined His Excellency has visited Te Raunot to go further than putting on the paraha, has represented to him the evil roof, till we can do it without leaving a of his conduct, &c., and has acted most debt on the chapel.
wisely in looking over this their offence, Our circumstances being considered so inasmuch as they were not the first to favourable, we have commenced opera- blame.
FATAL COLLISION AT WAIRAU.
INTERVIEW BETWEEN HIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR, AND RACPA
AHA, THE PRINCIPAL CHIEF PRESENT AT THE WAIRAU MASSACRE.
On Monday, the 12th of February, for I should have brought with me from 1844, His Excellency Governor Fitzroy, Sydney and other places an irresistible accompanied by Sir Everard Home, force, Captain of H.M.S. “ North Star,” Ma “ But these were hasty, angry, unjor Richmond, Mr. Commissioner Spain, christian thoughts: they soon passed Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Forsaith, and seve away. I considered the whole case : ral officers belonging to the “North saw that the English had been very Star,” landed at Waikanae.
much to blame, even by their own c. His Excellency and suite were received count; and I saw how much you had on shore by the Rev. Octavius Hadfield, been provoked. Then I determined to Messrs. Symonds and Clarke, and a put away my anger, and come to you large body of natives, who, to the num- peaceably. Let now hear your ber of four hundred and upwards, soon
story.” assembled in a large open enclosure Rauparaha then rose; and several within the Pah.
voices from among the crowd of his His Excellency commenced by read. countrymen urged him to speak out, that ing the following address
they might all hear. He said, “ I salute you, Chiefs and Elder Men. « There was evil intended in the com. Health to you! Peace be among you ! mencement of this affray. Land is the I am glad to see you. I rejoice to meet foundation of all our troubles. The you here. I have much to say to you, Europeans say it is theirs; but who says many important things. I have heard 80 besides themselves ? of all that has been done; some things “ The "Tory' came to Port-Nichol. good, but some very bad. When I see son; and that was the commencement of your church, the work of your own the evil. We heard of the sale of that hands, and when I hear from your true place by Warepori and Puni. Ware. friend, Mr. Hadfield, what progress you pori was smoking his tobacco, and wear. have made in Christian knowledge, I ing his blankets, alone : we never agreed rejoice greatly : but when I hear of the to it: payment was made, but we never evil that has been done by some, received it: thus grew the seeds of evil hardly believe it can have been done by Who authorized Warepori to receive his the same people ; so bad is it in my payment ? Who authorized him to do sight.
it privately? Why did he not call the “I have heard of all that happened at people together, and pay them all ? the Wairau, according to the English « The Tory' anchored off Kapiti: account; and it has grieved my heart Colonel Wakefield wanted to buy all the exceedingly. I now ask you to tell me land ; ” (here Rauparaha mentioned the your story, that I may compare the two, names of several places ;)“ but all which and judge fairly. When I have heard I sold was Blind-Bay and Massacre your account of that dark day, I will Bay. reflect, and then tell you what I do. "I and Tungia sold these places, and The bad news I have heard about kill Warepori and Puni sold Port-Nicholson. ing the English so cruelly at the Wairau, The land which I sold to Colonel Wakeafter they had ceased fighting, and had field, I sold myself: I did not consult trusted to your honour, has made my anybody. Colonel Wakefield then went heart very dark, has filled my mind to Taranaki ; and when he returned, he with gloom. Tell me your story, that I laid claim to all the land : nothing was may compare it with the English, and said concerning Wairau, until now he know the whole truth,
claims it. « When I first heard of the death of “ There was sufficient payment made. my friends, of the English who fell at All I received was ” (here he commenced Wairau, I was very angry, and thought enumerating articles, but was told that of hastening here with many ships of he need not go into those details). Rauwar, with many, many soldiers, and paraha continued, “I wished to enumeseveral fire-moved ships (steamers). Had rate them, because Colonel Wakefield I done so, your warriors would have says, the Maories are holding back the been killed, your canoes would have land which I have been paid for. Poribeen all taken and burnt, your houses
rua also is claimed by Colonel Wakeand pahs would have been all destroyed; field; but Rangihaeata will never come
sent to sell it. Now I come to Wairau. about at different places on the river, we Wairau, was taken away by Thompson took no further notice, expecting a mes. and Wakefield” (meaning Captain Wake senger to arrive from Mr. Spain and Mr. field). “When we heard they were sur Clarke; but a messenger came up to say, veying the land, we went to Nelson, to that it was an army of English, and that forbid them doing 80. We went to they were busily engaged cleaning their Captain Wakefield's house. He said, arms, and fixing the flints of their guns. • I'must have Wairau.' I said, 'No.' They met Puaha, and detained him priHe replied, 'I must have it.' I answered, soner, They said, " Where are Raupa
No, you shall not have it.' He said, raha and Rangihaeata ?' Puaha said, If you do not give it up, you shall be "Up the river.' They answered, Let tied in this manner. (Here Raupa us go.' Puaha was glad to hear them raha, to explain his meaning of the say this, as he was afraid they would threat held out by Captain Wakefield, kill him. He afterwards watched his put his hands in the position of a person opportunity, and ran away, and came to handcuffed.) “Rangihaeata said, "I A messenger had before come to will not give up Wairau, neither will I tell me that Puaha and Rangihaeata had be taken prisoner by you.' Captain been caught by the Europeans. AfterWakefield then said, “We will shoot wards, Puaha and Rangihaeata arrived, you.' 'Well, what matter if you do? and we consulted what we should do. We shall lose our life, but Wairau shall I proposed going into the bush ; but not be taken.'
they said, “No, let us remain where we “ After this interview at Nelson, Cap What have we done, that we should tain Wakefield sent over more survey be thus beset ?' ors : amongst them was Mr. Cotterell. “ The Europeans slept some distance We heard that the survey of the Wairau from us ; and, after they had breakfasted, was nearly finished. Puaha went to tell came on towards us in two boats. We them to desist; but they would not. remained on the same spot, without food : Puaha returned to the Porirua, and told we were much alarmed. Early in the
We then arose. The Chiefs morning we were on the look-out; and and old men went on board a schooner, one of our scouts, who caught sight of and the young men in canoes, to Cloudy. them coming round a point, called out, Bay. We stayed at Totara-nui ”(Queen- "Here they co ne! here they come ! Charlotte's Sound) “some time, and then Our women had kindled a fire, and went to Wairau. We pulled up until cooked a few potatoes that we had rewe saw Mr. Cotterell: we then brought maining; and we were hastily eating all their goods, &c., down to the mouth them when they came in sight. Cote of the river. Our slaves and the Euro- terell called out, Where is Puaha ?' peans were engaged in moving the things. Puaha answered, "Here I am : come Then we pulled up to the wood, and saw here to me.' They said again, Where Mr. Barnicoat : told him we had come is Puaba ?' Puaha again saluted them. to fetch him, he had no boat; so we Cotterell then said, "Where is a canoe took him and his things on board my for us to cross ? ' (Rauparaha here canoe, and conveyed them to the mouth described the manner of their sitting of the river, having burned the huts down; some on one side, some on the which they had erected.
other.) “ Thompson, Wakefield, and “ The Europeans then left Wairau for some other gentlemen, crossed over to us Cloudy-Bay, thence to Nelson. We with a constable to take me; but the were up the river, planting. After this, greater number stopped on the other side Mr. Tuckett arrived with some people of the creek. to survey.
I sent to him, and said, “ Thompson said, “Where is RaupaCome, Mr. Tuckett, you must go.' raha ?' I answered, "Here.' • Come, He said, “I must survey the land.' I you must come with me.' I replied, replied, 'No, you shall not ;' and brought (Where?' He said, 'On board the him down to the mouth of the river. I ship.' I replied, 'What for?' He an. asked Mr. Barnicoat to remain with me swered, "To talk about the houses you till the boat came for him : the boat, burnt down.' I said, 'What house was with Mr. Tuckett, had gone to Nelson. it I burnt? was it a tent belonging to We continued our planting, till one you, that you make so much ado about morning we saw the - Victoria'” (Go. it? You know it was not; it was novernment brig). “ Then were our bearts thing but a hut of rushes : the materials relieved ; for we imagined that Mr. Spain were cut from my own ground. There. and Mr. Clarke had come to settle the fore I will not go aboard, neither will I question of our lands. Being scattered be bound. If you are angry about the
land, let us talk it quietly over: I care « There was no time elapsed between not if we talk till night and all to the fight and the slaughter of the primorrow; I will settle the question about soners. When the prisoners were killed, the land.' Mr. Thompson said, “Will the rest of our people were still engaged you not go ?' I said, “No ;' and Ran in the pursuit. When we arrived at the gihaeata, who had been called for, and top of the hill, Mr. Cotterell held up s who had been speaking, said so too. flag, and said, “That is enougb : stop Mr. Thompson then called for the hand. fighting.' Mr. Thompson said to me, cuffs, and held up the warrant ; saying, "Rauparaha, spare my life!' I an* See, this is the Queen to make a tie swered, 'A little while ago, I wished to Rauparaha.' I said, 'I will not listen talk to you in a friendly manner, and either to you or to your book.' He was you would not: now you say, Save me ! in a great passion : his eyes rolled about, I will not save you."" and he stamped his foot. I said, 'I had Rauparaha continued : “ It is not our rather be killed than submit to be bound.' custom to save the Chiefs of our eneHe then called for the constable, who mies: we do not consider our victory began opening the handcuffs, and to ad. complete, unless we kill the Chiefs of vance towards me. Mr. Thompson laid our opponents: our passions were much hold of my hand. I pushed him away; roused, and we could not help killing saying, “What are you doing that for ?' the Chiefs." Mr. Thompson then called out, “ Fire !' Rauparaha then sat down. He called out once, and then Thompson His Excellency the Governor said, and Wakefield called out together, “I thank you for the relation you • Fire !'” On being asked, which of have given me. I shall now calmly conthe gentlemen it was who gave the com sider the whole matter, and give my mand to fire, Rauparaha answered, decision in a short time.” “ Thompson gave the word of command After a silence of about half an hour, but Wakefield recommended him to do His Excellency rose, and addressed the
The Europeans began to cross over natives as follows:the creek; and as they were crossing, “ Now I have heard both sides, I have they fired one gun. The women and reflected on both accounts, and I ain children were sitting round the fire. We prepared to give my decision. called out, . We shall be shot !' After “ I, the representative of the Queen of this one gun they fired a volley, and one England, the Governor of New Zealand, of us was killed, then another, and three have made my decision; and it is this: were wounded. We were then closing hearken, O Chiefs and Elder Men, to fast. The English guns were levelled my decision ! at us.” (Here he described, by com. “ In the first place, the English were parison, the distance between the con wrong: they had no right to build tending parties.) “I and Puaha cried houses upon lands to which they had not out, 'Friends, stand up, and shoot some established their claim,-upon land, the of them in payment.' * We were fright- sale of which you disputed, on which Mr. ened, because they were very close : we Spain had not decided. They were wrong then fired, and three of the Europeans in trying to apprehend you, who bad fell. They fired again, and killed Rongo, committed no crime. They were wrong the wife of Rangihaeata. We then bent in marking and measuring your land, in all our energy to the fight, and the opposition to your repeated refusal to Europeans began to fly. They all ran allow them to do so, until the Commisaway, firing as they retreated. The gen- sioner had decided on their claim. tlemen ran too. We pursued them, and “Had you been Englishmen, you killed them as we overtook them. Cap. would have known that it was wrong to tain Wakefield and Mr. Thompson were resist a Magistrate under any circumbrought, by the slaves who caught them, stances; but not understanding English to me. Rangihaeata came running to me, law, your case was different. Had this crying out, What are you doing? Your been all, had a struggle caused loss of daughter is dead. What are you doing, life in the fight,—wrong and bad as it I sy?' Upon which, some heathen would have been in the sight of God, slaves killed them.” (Rauparaha here could not have blamed you so much as particularly mentioned that those who the English. killed the prisoners were, to use his own “The very bad part of the Wairau literal expression, devils, not Missionaries, affair,--that part where you were so very --meaning heathen natives,--at the insti wrong,—Was the killing men who had gation of Rangihaeata, neither Puaha nor surrendered, who trusted to your honour The Christian natives being present.) as Chiefs.
“Englishmen never kill their prison encroaching on his neighbour ; but huy. ers : Englishmen never kill men who ing and selling freely as each may desire, have surrendered. It is the shocking with the consent of the other, but not death of those unfortunate men, that has unwillingly. By such measures, we filled my mind with gloom; that has shall receive mutual advantages. The made my heart so dark; that has filled natives must not interfere with Englishme with sorrow.
men who have settled on land fairly pur“But I know how difficult it is to chased : the English shall not encroach restrain angry men, when their passions upon land which the natives have not are roused. I know that you repent of fairly sold. your conduct, and are now sorry that “No pah, nor cultivation, nor buryingthose men were killed.
ground, shall be taken, or encroached “ As the English were very greatly to upon, by any Englishman, except by the blame, and as they brought on and began general desire of the natives to whom is the fight, and as you were hurried into belongs. Where there is any mistake crime by their misconduct, I will not or doubt about boundaries of purchase, avenge their death.
appeal must be made to the law. The “In future let us dwell peaceably, law will see justice done; and I will be without distrust. I have told you my responsible for its execution by properlydecision, and my word is sacred. I will qualified persons. punish the English if they attempt to do “Recommending you to the advice what is unjust or wrong. Your Chiefs of your best friends, the Missionaries, must help me to prevent the natives the Protectors, and Officers of Governfrom doing wrong; so that we may live ment, I now bid you farewell, and happily in peace, helping and doing wish you all health, and the blessing good to one another, no man injuring or of God.”
MISCELLANEOUS. MADRAS. “An annual festival has which a long beam rested, playing like a lately been celebrated here, characterized swivel, at the end of which he was to by all the wild, unearthly infatuation be suspended. What were my feelings of persons given up to strong delusions, when I saw a poor wretch actually and the belief of lies : thousands might hoisted by these hooks in his back, and be seen paying homage to a senseless swing round at a height of about twentyblock, representing a repulsive and ob. five feet! He was covered with orna. scene deity. But of all the views I have ments of bells and flowers, &c., and was yet had of the heathen system, that saluted by the acclamations of the popu. which I beheld a few days since forms lace. I was near enough to watch his the most revolting picture of cruelty and countenance, and perceived he was evi. superstition. I shall not probably be dently suffering agonies, though he braved adding at all to your stores of informa- it by singing the praises of the goddess. tion on this subject; but it powerfully He threw down flowers among the peoaffected my mind, and you will, I doubt ple, which were caught eagerly as relics not, bear with a few particulars. It was of infinite value. What astonished me a feast in honour of the wife of Siva, to more than any other feature in this rewhich multitudes had come. On our pulsive exhibition, was, to see this very approach to the temple, we found every votary of superstition, after swinging at avenue crowded, together with every least ten minutes, walk about among the house and tree commanding a view of crowd receiving their adoration, with the anticipated scene. It was afternoon : the rope and hooks still hanging in his the car, adorned with coloured and tin. back. Three men went through these selled cloths, loaded with the deity and evolutions; others were to follow ; but I offerings, had been drawn in the morn- could bear the horrid spectacle no longer :, ing, and was resting close by. The it made my heart sick, and my inmost principal object engaging attention was soul weep, to see immortal, deathless the expected swinging of some poor de. spirits, 'capable of God,' thus degraded luded men, more demoniacal than the rest. by practices truly diabolical. I was glad For this purpose, two hooks, with a rope to escape from the place ; for it was like attached, capable of sustaining a man's standing among demons, and inhaling weight, were inserted into the skin of the atmosphere of the pit of misery. his back, just below the shoulder-blades. This was on the Sabbath of the Lord A post was fixed in the ground, on our God! O how different the worship