Images of the New Jerusalem: Latter Day Saint Faction Interpretations of Independence, Missouri

Portada
Univ. of Tennessee Press, 2004 - 438 páginas
The Kansas City suburb of Independence, Missouri, is associated primarily with its most famous son, President Harry Truman. Yet Independence is also home to a unique and complex religious landscape regarded as sacred space by hundreds of thousands of people associated with the Latter Day Saint family of churches. In 1831 Joseph Smith, the founder of the Latter Day Saint (LDS) movement, declared Independence the site of the New Jerusalem, where followers would build a sacred city, the center of Zion. Smith prophesied that Jesus Christ would return in millennial and glorious advent to Independence, an act that would make the city an American counterpart to old world Jerusalem.

Smith's plan would have mixed the best qualities of nineteenth-century American pastoral and urban psyche. However, the great splintering among returning Latter Day Saint groups has led to divergent beliefs and multiple interpretations of millennial place. Images of the New Jerusalem culls viewpoints from publications and interviews and contrasts them with official church doctrines and mapped land holdings. For example, with a desire to attract mainstream American, the Western LDS Church, which holds the largest amount of land in northwestern Missouri, keeps fairly silent on the New Jerusalem, while the RLDS Church (now the Community of Christ) has dropped millennial claims gradually, adopting a liberal secular style of pseudo-Protestantism. Smaller groups, independent of these two, see sacred space in more spatially and doctrinally limited ways.

The religious ecology among Latter Day Saint churches allows each group its place in the public spotlight, and a number of sociopolitical mechanisms reduce conflict among them. Nonetheless, Independence has developed many traits of the world's most seasoned and conflicted sacred places over a relatively short time. This book opens the field of scholarship on this region, where profound spatial and doctrinal variation continues.

Craig S. Campbell is professor of geography at Youngstown State University. He has published articles in Journal of Cultural Geography, Cartographica, The Professional Geographer, Political Geography, and other journals.


 

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Contenido

THE PARADOXES OF INDEPENDENCE Missouri
xiii
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
xxv
ORIGINS OF THE AMERICAN NEW JERUSALEM
xxvi
THE MISSOURIANS AND THE Saints
23
First Plat for the City of Zion 7 Rendering of First Independence Temple 8 Temple Layout for the First Plat 9 Second Plat for the City of Zion
49
Temple Layout for the Second Plat
55
Model for Latter Day Saint Dominance in Missouri
58
The DISPLACEMENT OF Zion
63
Shell as Symbol for the RLDS Church 39 RLDS realm 2000
228
RLDS Landholdings in Temple Lot Vicinity 196492
229
Proposed Temple of the Church of Christ Temple Lot
244
New Temple Lot Building
261
False Temple Site
274
RLDS Splinter Activity Near the Temple Lot
275
Shadows over Zion Illustration
276
Branches of the Remnant Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
283

Northwestern Missouri 1837
72
Vicinity of AdamondiAhman
76
The Saints View of Zion 183738
88
A SPLINTERING AND A RETURN
91
Subdivision of Temple Parcel 185080
93
Latter Day Saint Splinter Groups Late 1840s
96
New Agglomerations of Saint Activity 1855
103
Lots Purchased by Hedricks Group 186774
105
PostNauvoo Origins of the Reorganization
108
Location of the RLDS Stone Church
117
RLDS LamoniIndependence Axis of Zion 18801910
121
LDS VIEWS SINCE 1900
153
Jackson County of LDS Church Leadership circa 186090
155
First LDS Chapel in Independence with Mission Home
156
LDS Chapel New Mission Home and Visitors Center
159
Architectural Rendering of the Visitors Center
171
LDS Stake Center
174
LDS Landholdings Clay County 1992
185
LDS Landholdings Jackson County 1992
187
117
197
121
199
Architectural Rendering of the Auditorium
207
138
210
RLDS Auditorium and Lands Center Place 34 RLDS Landholdings Jackson County 1992
211
147
214
F M Smiths Diamond of Regions around Independence
215
RLDS Temple as Nautilus 37 RLDS Temple Illustration 1988
222
Peripheral Innovation of the Temple Lot Church Family
287
Rise of the Restoration Branches
288
278
293
155
297
Sacred Rings around Banaras
303
156
304
Golden Temple Complex of the Sikhs Amritsar India
312
Dual Sacred Centers of Tibet
313
Old City of Jerusalem
321
Sacred Space of the LDS Church
332
Contraction of RLDS Sacred Space
335
Retaking Zion Region of Dissent
336
Sacred Space of the Temple Lot Church
338
Amelioration of Tension
344
Chronology of Temple Lot Activity
354
Future Scenarios
357
The Main SPLINTERS OF THE Early CHURCH
361
OTHER EARLY SPLINTERS AND THEIR DESCENDENTS
362
SPLINTERS OF THE REORGANIZED CHURCH OF Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
363
SpliNTERS OF THE CHURCH OF CHRIST TEMPLE Lot
364
NOTES
365
BIBLIOGRAPHY
377
INDEX
413
159
416
171
417
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Craig S. Campbell is professor of geography at Youngstown State University. He has published articles in Journal of Cultural Geography, Cartographica, The Professional Geographer, Political Geography, and other journals.


Información bibliográfica