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Table 106.—Per cent of male employees 20 years of age or over in each conjugal condition,

by general nativity and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

[This table includes only races with 40 or more males reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

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Of the male employees 20 years of age or over for whom information was secured, 74.1 per cent are married and only 2.7 per cent are widowed. The proportion of married employees is largest among the foreign-born and considerably larger among the native-born of native father than among the native-born of foreign father. Of the foreign-born, the Germans and Dutch have the largest and the North Italians the smallest proportion of married employees.

The following table dívides the totals of the table preceding and shows, by age groups and by general nativity and race, the per cent of male employees in each conjugal condition:

Table 107.-Per cent of male employees in each conjugal condition, by age groups and by

general nativity and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

[This table includes only races with 100 or more males reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

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The preceding table shows that of 1,068 male employees reporting, 74.1 per cent are married and 2.7 per cent are widowed. In the group from 20 to 29 years of age the native-born whites of native father show the highest per cent, followed by the native-born of foreign father, each exhibiting over 50 per cent married, while the foreignborn show slightly less than 50 per cent married. In the group including employees from 30 to 44 years of age the foreign-born exhibit the greatest proportion married, followed in the order named by the nativeborn whites of native father and the native-born of foreign father. Employees who are native-born of foreign father show the highest per cent widowed in this group, followed by the native-born whites of native father and foreign-born. Of persons 45 years of age or over, employees who are native-born whites of native father show the highest per cent married, followed in the order mentioned by the foreign-born and the native-born of foreign father, the latter exhibiting 14.3 per cent of males widowed, as contrasted with 6.5 per cent of the foreign-born and none of the native-born whites of native father. Of all male employees who are 20 years of age or over, the foreignborn show the highest per cent who are married, followed by the native-born whites of native father and the native-born of foreign father, the latter showing the highest per cent widowed in this group. Of the foreign-born employees, the South Italians show the highest per cent who are married in the groups including persons from 20 to 29 and from 30 to 44 years of age and the Germans the greatest proportion who are married in the group including persons who are 45 years of age or over.

The most significant fact in connection with the conjugal condition of employees of foreign birth, especially those of recent immigration, is found in the location of the wives of the married males. The following table shows, by race of husband, the per cent of foreignborn husbands who report wife in the United States and per cent who report wife abroad:

Table 108.- Per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife in the United States and

per cent who report wife abroad, by race of husband.

(STTDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [This table includes only races with 40 or more husbands reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign

born.)

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Of the foreign-born husbands for whom information was secured, 90.6 per cent report wives in the United States. The proportion of husbands reporting wives in this country is largest for the Dutch and Germans and smallest for the South Italians.

The South Italian is the only race which shows, by race of husband and by years husband has been in the United States, the per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife abroad, as given in the following statement: Number having been in the United States each specified number of years who report location of wife: Under 5.

23 5 to 9..

72 10 or over.

114

Total.......

209 Per cent having been in the United States each specified number of years who report wife abroad: Under 5..

34. S 5 to 9....

23. 6 10 or over.

9. 6

17. 2

Total..... The above statement shows that 34.8 per cent of the South Italian husbands who have been in the United States under five years have their wives abroad, as compared with 23.6 per cent of those who have been here from five to nine years, and only 9.6 per cent of those who have been here ten years or over.

VISITS ABROAD.

The tendency manifested by employees of foreign birth to return to their native lands for visits after designated periods of residence in this country is indicated in the table next presented, by years in the United States and by race: TABLE 109.- Visits abroad made by foreign-born male employees, by years in the United

States and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes

only races with 100 or more males reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.)

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From the data presented in the foregoing table it appears that 12.5 per cent of the foreign-born male employees who have been in the United States under five years have made one or more visits abroad, as compared with 26.5 per cent of the employees who have been here from five to nine years, and 24 per cent of those who have been here ten years or over.

The three races for which the percentages are presented, the Germans, North Italians, and South Italians, all show an increase in the proportion of employees who have made visits abroad with length of residence in the United States. In the columns representing all three periods of residence, the South Italians have the largest proportion of individuals who have made visits abroad.

AGE CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES.

The following table shows, by general nativity and race, the per cent of male employees within each age group:

Table 110.—Per cent of male employees within each age group, by general nativity and

race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [This table includes only races with 40 or more males reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

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Of the employees in this locality for whom information was secured, 6 per cent are from 14 to 19 years of age; 14.5 per cent are from 20 to 24; 17.4 per cent are from 25 to 29; 17.7 per cent are from 30 to 34; 25.4 per cent are from 35 to 44; 14.6 per cent are from 45 to 54; and only 4.3 per cent are 55 or over. The proportion of individuals from 14 to 19 and from 25 to 29, respectively, is largest for the nativeborn of native father, second largest for the native-born of foreign father, and smallest for the foreign-born; the proportion of individuals from 35 to 44 and 45 to 54, respectively, is largest for the foreign-born, second largest for the native-born of foreign father, and smallest for the native-born of native father; the proportion of individuals from 20 to 24 is largest for the native-born of foreign father, second largest for the native-born of native father, and smallest for the foreign-born; the proportion of individuals from 30 to 34 is largest for the foreign-born, second largest for the native-born of native father, and smallest for the native-born of foreign father; and the proportion of individuals 55 years of age or over is larger for the foreign-born than for either the native-born of native father or the native-born of foreign father. Of the foreign-born, the North Italians and Dutch have the largest proportion of employees from 14 to 19 years of age; the South Italians and North Italians, in the order mentioned, have the largest proportion of employees from 20 to 24, from 25 to 29, from 30 to 34, respectively; and the Dutch and Germans have the largest proportion of employees from 35 to 44, from 45 to 54, and 55 or over, respectively.

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