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Of the persons 20 to 29 years of age, it will be noted that the proportions of single males, as a rule, are much lower than those of the females, which is true also of those 30 to 44 years of age. Of those 45 years of age or over, however, the males have by far the greatest proportion. It will be noted that the proportion of single persons in each race decreases in each succeeding age group, the smallest proportions both of males and females being in the 45 years or over group.

In the table next presented the per cent of persons in each conjugal condition in the households studied is set forth by sex and age groups, and by general nativity and race of individual: Table 73.Per cent of persons in each conjugal condition, by sex and age groups, and

by general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) (This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

MALE.

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TABLE 73.Per cent of persons in each conjugal condition, by sex and age groups, and

by general nativity and race of individualContinued.

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Of 2,161 individuals 20 years of age or over, 83.4 per cent are married, 13.3 per cent single, and 3.3 per cent widowed. The nativeborn of foreign father, as compared with the foreign-born, show a larger proportion single, consequently a smaller proportion married, as the proportion who are widowed is only 3.6 per cent for the foreignborn and none for the native-born of foreign father. A comparison between the total number of males and females who were 20 years of age or over shows that a slightly larger proportion of the females are married and a smaller proportion single. Each foreign-born race shows a larger proportion of married and a smaller proportion of single women than men. The proportion of Bohemian and Moravian widows is noticeably large.

A comparison by age groups shows that the proportion who are single decreases and the proportion who are married or widowed increases between the 20 to 29 and 30 to 44 year age groups, while in the 45 years of age or over group, the proportion who are single or married decreases and the proportion who are widowed increases. This comparison applies to the males as well as the females.

The distribution of married employees in the different localities is exhibited by the following table, which shows, by locality, sex, and general nativity and race the proportion of employees 20 years of age or over who were married.

TABLE 74.- Per cent of employees 20 years of age or over who are married, by locality, by

sex, and by general nativity and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) (This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting in each of two or more localities. The

totals, however, are for all races.)

MALE.

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a Not computed, owing to small pumber involved. The preceding table shows that 50.8 per cent of the total employees who were 20 years of age or over and from whom information was secured are married. Native-born white of native father show a considerably smaller proportion married than foreign - born, and native-born of foreign father have a much lower per cent of persons married than native-born white of native father.

The table further shows that New York City has a considerably higher percent of employees who are married than Baltimore or Chicago, which follow in the order named. In all three localities foreign-born show the highest per cent of married persons. In Chicago and New York native-born whites of native father follow, while native-born of foreign father show the smallest per cent of employees who are married in these two localities. On the other hand, native-born of foreign father show a considerably higher per cent of married than native-born whites of native father in Baltimore. New York shows for every foreign-born race except South Italians a higher per cent married than does Chicago or Baltimore. The exception noted shows a slightly higher per cent in Chicago. Baltimore show a considerably larger proportion of Russian Hebrews and Lithuanians married than Chicago.

The total industry, and also the totals for each locality, show a much larger per cent of male employees who are married than of females. New York shows the highest per cent of both males and females who are married, followed in the order named by Baltimore and Chicago.

Although a large proportion of the foreign-born male employees are married, the significant fact in connection with their conjugal condition is that considerable numbers left their wives in their native lands when immigrating to this country. This condition of affairs is disclosed by the following table, which shows, by race of husband, the per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife in the United States and per cent who report wife abroad: TABLE 75.- Per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife in the United States and per

cent who report wife abroad, by race of husband.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [This table includes only races with 40 or more husbands reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign

born.)

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The foregoing table shows that 11.9 per cent of the 4,662 husbands from whom information was secured report wives abroad. Slovaks and Russians show_the greatest proportions for husbands whose wives are still in Europe, while Bohemians and Moravians and Germans show the smallest.

The following table shows the per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife abroad, according to locality and race of husband: Table 76.- Per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife abroad, by locality and by

race of husband.

(STUDY OE EMPLOYEES.) (This table includes only races with 40 or more husbands reporting in each of two or more localities. The

total, however, is for all foreign-born.)

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a Not computed, owing to small number involved. The preceding table shows that 11.9 per cent of the husbands studied report wives abroad; 12.1 per cent of husbands in Chicago, and 11.8 per cent each of husbands in Baltimore and New York City. In each locality Germans show the lowest per cent of foreignborn husbands who report wives abroad, Russian Hebrews showing the highest per cent among those studied in Baltimore, South Italians the highest per cent in Chicago, and Poles the highest per cent in New York City.

The tendency on the part of the husbands of foreign birth who came to this country without their wives to send for them after designated periods of residence may be seen from the table next presented. It shows, by race of husband and by years husbands have been in the United States, the per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife abroad: Table 77.Per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife abroad, by race of husband

and by years husband has been in the United States.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes

only races with 100 or more husbands reporting.)

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1.3

1.1 20.0

Bohemian and Moravian..
German.....
Hebrew, Russian.
Hebrew, Other
Italian, North..
Italian, South
Lithuanian
Magyar...
Polish.....
Russian..

68 14 455 144

4.3

39 19 362 76 56 200 53 27 79 75

231
270
626
401

338

303 1,443

621 225 692 230 101 316 176

25.6 31.6 38. 1 46. 1 48. 2 37.5 35. 8 25.9 38.0 40.0

1.5 14.3 54.9 6.9 8.1 15.0

3.0 11.8

8.5 16.9 18.8 11.7 12.9 13.6 20.5

99 266

70 226 111

34 129 57

6.1 30.0

9.3 13.6

6.6 3.6

.0 2.3 .0

20 108

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