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considerably smaller proportion married than foreign - born, and native-born of foreign father have a much lower per cent of persons married than native-born white of native father.

The table further shows that New York City has a considerably higher per cent ofemployees who are married than Baltimore or Chicago, which follow in the order named. In all three localities foreign-born show the highest per cent of married persons. In Chicago and New York native-born whites of native father follow, while native-born of foreign father show the smallest per cent of employees who are married in these two localities. On the other hand, native-born of foreign father show a considerably higher per cent of married than native-born whites of native father in Baltimore. New York shows for every foreign-born race except South Italians a higher per cent married than does Chicago or Baltimore. The exception noted shows a slightly higher per cent in Chicago. Baltimore show a considerably larger proportion of Russian Hebrews and Lithuanians married than Chicago.

The total industry, and also the totals for each locality, show a much larger per cent of male employees who are married than of females. New York shows the highest per cent of both males and females who are married, followed in the order named by Baltimore and Chicago.

Although a large proportion of the foreign-born male employees are married, the significant fact in connection with their conjugal condition is that considerable numbers left their wives in their native lands when immigrating to this country. This condition of affairs is disclosed by the following table, which shows, by race of husband, the per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife in the United States and per cent who report wife abroad: Table 75.Per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife in the United States and per

cent who report wife abroad, by race of husband.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [This table includes only races with 40 or more husbands reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign

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The foregoing table shows that 11.9 per cent of the 4,662 husbands from whom information was secured report wives abroad. Slovaks and Russians show_the greatest proportions for husbands whose wives are still in Europe, while Bohemians and Moravians and Germans show the smallest.

The following table shows the per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife abroad, according to locality and race of husband: Table 76.- Per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife abroad, by locality and by

race of husband.

(STUDY OE EMPLOYEES.) [This table includes only races with 40 or more husbands reporting in each of two or more localities. The

total, however, is for all foreign-born.)

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The preceding, table shows that 11.9 per cent of the husbands studied report wives abroad; 12.1 per cent of husbands in Chicago, and 11.8 per cent each of husbands in Baltimore and New York City. In each locality Germans show the lowest per cent of foreignborn husbands who report wives abroad, Russian Hebrews showing the highest per cent among those studied in Baltimore, South Italians the highest per cent in Chicago, and Poles the highest per cent in New York City.

The tendency on the part of the husbands of foreign birth who came to this country without their wives to send for them after designated periods of residence may be seen from the table next presented. It shows, by race of husband and by years husbands have been in the United States, the per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife abroad: Table 77.--Per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife abroad, by race of husband

and by years husband has been in the United States.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the l'nited States. This table includes

only races with 100 or more husbands reporting.)

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Bohemian and Moravian.
German..
Hebrew, Russian.
Hebrew, Other
Italian, North..
Italian, South.
Lithuanian.
Magyar
Polish.
Russian..

4.1 3.0 11.8

8.5 16 9

231 270 626 401

70 226 111

1.1 20.0 4.3 6.6

25.6
316
38. 1
46.1
48,2
37.5
35 %
259
38. O
40.0

56 200 53 27 79 75

99 266 66 20 108

1.5 14.3 54.9 6.9 8.1 15.0

18. 8

3.6

54 129 57

6.1 30.0

9.3 13.6

230 101 316 176

.0 2.3 .0

11.7 12.9 13.6 20.5

The preceding table shows Russians reporting the highest per cent of husbands having wives abroad. South Italians follow with a slightly smaller percentage, while Germans show the lowest per cent of husbands having wives abroad. Among those with a residence of under five years, North Italians, Hebrews other than Russian, and Russians show 40 per cent or more having wives abroad. Russian Hebrews, Poles, South Italians, Lithuanians, and Germans show between 30 and 40 per cent having wives abroad, while Magyars and Bohemians and Moravians show slightly over 25 per cent having wives in Europe. Among husbands who have been in the United States from five to nine years, Russian Hebrews show over 50 per cent having wives abroad and Bohemians and Moravians slightly over 1 per cent. Among husbands with a residence of ten years or over, Hebrews other than Russian show the highest per cent and Magyars and Russians no husbands having wives in Europe.

VISITS ABROAD.

The following table shows by sex, years in the United States, and race of individual, the visits abroad made by foreign-born employees: TABLE 78.–Visits abroad made by foreign-born employees, by sex, years in the United

States, and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

(By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes

only races with 200 or more persons reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.)

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Table 78.-V'isits abroad made by. foreign-born employees, by ser, ycars in the United

States, and race-Continued.

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In the preceding table the males show a greater percentage making visits abroad during the first and second periods, and the females show the greater percentage in the third period. The South Italians show the highest percentage of visits abroad for the males, followed by the North Italians, while the lowest percentage is shown by the Russians. The Bohemians and Moravians are the only races in this group showing a greater percentage of visits abroad during the first period than either the second or third periods. The highest percentage of visits abroad of the females is shown by the North Italians, followed by the Poles, while the lowest percentage is reported by the Russian Hebrews. In this group no Germans report visits abroad who have been here less than ten years.

The totals of the two sexes show that the South Italians report the largest percentage who have made visits abroad, followed closely by the North Italians, while the smallest percentage is shown by the Russian Hebrews. The percentage in the United States under five years who report visits abroad is small compared with the percentage of the two following periods.

The following table shows the per cent of foreign-born employees reporting 1 or more visits abroad according to locality and race:

Table 79.-- Per cent of foreign-born employees reporting 1 or more visits abroad, by

locality and by race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [This table includes only races with 200 or more persons reporting in each of two or more localities. The

total, however, is for all foreign-born.)

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In the total industry 7.3 per cent of the foreign-born employees report 1 or more visits abroad. In New York City the proportion is 7.7 per cent, in Chicago it is 6.5 per cent, and in Baltimore it is 5.9 per cent. In the entire industry the South Italians show the largest proportion as having made visits abroad, and are closely followed by the North Italians. Both in Chicago and in New York City the North Italians show the largest proportion who have made visits abroad, and are closely followed by the South Italians. The Hebrews show in all 3 localities a proportion less than 5 per cent.

AGE CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES AND MEMBERS OF THEIR HOUSE

HOLDS.

The table next presented shows the per cent of persons in the households studied within each specified age group according to sex and general nativity and race of head of household:

Table 80.- Per cent of persons within each age group, by sex and by general nativity and

race of head of household.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

(This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

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Total native-born of foreign father..
Total foreign-born..

30. 2

53 2,249

17.0 21.2

.0 3.9

1.9
9.1

30. 2
18.5

17.0
17.9

3.8 7.3

22. 1

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