Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

CHAPTER VI.

GENERAL PROGRESS AND ASSIMILATION.

Citizenship—Ability to speak English-Text Tables 160 to 164 and General Tables

99 to 101).

CITIZENSHIP.

The interest of immigrant employees in political affairs and the extent to which they have become citizens is set forth in the following series of tables. The first table submitted, which immediately follows, shows, by race, the present political condition of foreignborn male employees who have been in the United States five years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming. Table 160.-- Present political condition of foreign-born male employees who have been in

the United States 5 years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming, by race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)
(By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States.)

[blocks in formation]

a Not computed, owing to small number involved. Of the total number in the above table 38.4 per cent are fully naturalized and 27 per cent have first papers only. The Germans show the largest proportion of fully naturalized persons. The percentage is 72.4 and is largely in excess of that shown for any other

48296° --VOL 11-11-30

race. The Bohemians and Moravians show the second largest proportion of fully naturalized persons. The Poles, Hebrews other than Russian, Russian Hebrews, and Lithuanians follow in the order named. Over 50 per cent of the Hebrews other than Russian have first papers only. The Russian Hebrew, Bohemian and Moravian, Polish, and Lithuanian races follow in the order named.

The relation between citizenship and period of residence in the United States is considered in the following table, which shows, by, years in the United States and race of individual, the present political condition of foreign-born male employees who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming to the United States:

TABLE 161.-Present political condition of foreign-born male employees who were 21 years

of age or over at time of coming to the United States, by years in the United States and

race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes

only races with 100 or more males reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.)

In United States 5 to

9 years.

In United States 10

years or over.

In United States 5

years or over.

Race.

Num-
Per cent

Num-
Per cent- Num-

Per cent-
ber re-
ber re-

ber re-
port-
port-

port-
ing
Fully
Having ing

Fully
Having ing

Having
first
com-

Fully
com-

first
com-

first
natural-
natural-

natural-
plete
ized.
papers plete

ized.
papers plete

papers

ized.
data.
only. data.
only. data.

only.

[blocks in formation]

The proportion of fully naturalized persons is much greater among those who have been in the United States ten years or over than among those whose residence has been from five to nine years. Among the total number of persons 38.4 per cent are fully naturalized and 27 per cent have first papers only, leaving 34.6 per cent who have shown no interest in naturalization. Among those whose residence in this country has been from five to nine years the Poles show the largest proportion of fully naturalized persons, while the Russian Hebrews show the largest proportion who have taken out first papers only. Over 70 per cent of those of each race who have lived in this country for ten years or more are fully naturalized; 10.6 per cent of the Bohemians and Moravians have first papers only, as compared with 6.7 per cent of the Poles and 3.2 per cent of the Russian Hebrews.

ABILITY TO SPEAK ENGLISH.

The table next presented shows, by sex and race of individual, the proportion of foreign-born employees who were able to speak English. TABLE 162.- Per cent of foreign-born employees who speak English, by sex and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) (This table includes only non-English-speaking races with 80 or more persons reporting. The total, how

ever, is for all non-English-speaking races.)

[blocks in formation]

This table contains a report for 5,209 persons, 3,020 of whom are males and 2,189 females. Of the grand total 60.3 per cent speak English, but only 54.9 per cent of the females as compared with 64.3 per cent of the males were able to use the English language. The Germans and Hebrews other than Russian show each over 83 per cent who speak English. Next follows the Russian Hebrew with 78.8 per cent and the Russian with 71 per cent. With only 34.5 per cent speaking English, the Lithuanians show the least efficiency in that regard. The males in all races excepting the Bohemian and Moravian, German, Polish, and Russian show a slightly higher English-speaking proportion than do the females.

The advancement made by the younger as compared with older immigrants in acquiring the ability to speak English according to age when they came to this country is set forth in the table on the following page. It shows, by sex, age at time of coming to the United States, and race of individual, the per cent of foreign-born employees of non-English-speaking races who were able to speak English.

Table 163.Per cent of foreign-born employees who speak English, by sex, age at time of

coming to the United States, and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) (This table includes only non-English-speaking races with 200 or more persons reporting. The total,

however, is for all non-English-speaking races.)

[merged small][graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Out of a total of 5,209 males and females, 94 per cent of those who were under 14 years of age at the time of coming to the United States are able to speak English, while of those who were that age or over, 51.5 per cent can speak the language. Regardless of age at time of coming to this country 60.3 per cent speak English. It will be observed that by far the greatest adaptability is shown on the part of those who were under 14 years of age at time of immigrating. Comparing the males and females, it will be noted that both as to those who were under 14 at the time of coming and those who were that age or over, the males show the greater proportion in both groups who can speak English, but the difference is most pronounced among those who were 14 years or over, the males showing 58.8 per cent as compared with 39.2 per cent of the females who can speak English. The highest proportions with ability to speak English are shown by the Germans, Hebrews other than Russian, and Russian Hebrews, while the Lithuanians and North and South Italians show the least ability in this direction.

The progress in acquiring the ability to speak English is exhibited by the following table, which shows, by sex, years in the United States, and race, the per cent of foreign-born employees of nonEnglish-speaking races who were able to speak English: Table 164.- Per cent of foreign-born employees who speak English, by sex, years in the

United States, and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) (By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes only non-English-speaking races with 200 or more persons reporting. The total, however, is for all non-English-speaking races.)

MALE.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Of 5,209 persons for whom information was secured, 60.3 per cent are able to speak English. Of those who have been here under five years, 40.6 per cent speak English; of those who have been here

« AnteriorContinuar »