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Total number of employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race: Study of employees. Tables 3, 54, 70, 86, and 102.- These tables enumerate the employees for whom data were secured for the “Study of employees.” The enumeration is by general nativity and race of employee, and, in industries where both male and female employees report, by sex.

Number of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified number of years, by sex and race: Study of employees. Tables 4, 55, 71, 87, and 103.- All foreign-born employees who report the number of years since their first arrival in the United States are here classified as in the United States under one year, one year, two years, three years, four years, five to nine years, ten to fourteen years, fifteen to nineteen years, or twenty years or over. In all industries where employees of both sexes report, the tabulation is by sex.

Number of foreign-born persons in the United States each specified number of years, by sex and race of individual: Study of households. Table 5.-This table, which is concerned with members of households, is similar to Table 4, relating to employees.

Occupation before coming to the United States of foreign-born males who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual: Study of households. Table 6.-Males who were 16 years of age or over at the time of their first arrival in the United States are here classified according to whether, before coming to the United States, they worked for profit, for wages, or without wages, and are further classified according to the kind of employment pursued. Payments in kind as well as in money are here considered wages. Persons who worked without wages were usually at work with fathers or other near relatives.

Occupation before coming to the United States of foreign-born females who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual: Study of households. Table 7.—This table is similar to Table 6, relating to males.

Occupation of foreign-born male employees before coming to the United States, by race: Study of employees. Tables 8, 56, 72, 88, and 104.In these tables are shown the number of foreign-born employees who just prior to coming to the United States were in the same industry in which they were employed at the time of the investigation, in farming or farm labor, in general labor, etc. Persons who report their occupation as “none," at home," or "at school,” are excluded from these tables.

Occupation of foreign-born female employees before coming to the United States, by race: Study of employees. Tables 9, 57, 73, 89, and 105.These tables are similar to Tables 8, 56, 72, 88, and 104, relating to males.

Number of males 16 years of age or over in each specified industry, by general nativity and race of individual. Study of households. Þable 10.- This table shows the number of male members of households 16 years of age or over who are at home and at school, and classifies those who have had employment within the current year ending with the taking of the schedule according to the industry in which they have been employed. The main headings used in this table follow the classification of the United States Census with the following modifications. General labor is here separated from domestic and personal service; fishing, mining, and quarrying are separated from manufacturing and mechanical pursuits; trade and transportation are distinct from each other. The headings as here used are:

1. Agricultural pursuits.
2. Domestic and personal service.
3. Manufacturing and mechanical pursuits.
4. Mining (including quarrying).
5. General labor.
6. Professional service.
7. Trade.
8. Transportation.

9. Fishing The term "Domestic and personal service” includes besides domestic servants certain classes of persons not professional who serve the general public, such as policemen, city firemen, and employees at places of amusement.

Number of females 16 years of age or over in each specified industry, by general nativity and race of individual: Study of households. Table 11.This table is similar to Table 10, relating to males.

Number of male employees 18 years of age or over earning each specified amount per week, by general nativity and race: Study of employees. Tables 12, 58, 74, 90, and 106.--Employees are here classified according to the amount of their earnings. In some industries earnings are reported by the week, and in others by the day. Where employment is on the time basis the data are for" rate of pay;" where employment is on the piece basis the data are for earnings."

Number of female employees 18 years of age or over earning each specified amount per week, by general nativity and race: Study of employees. Tables 13, 59, 75, 91, and 107.-—These tables are similar to Tables 12, 58, 74, 90, and 106, relating to earnings of males 18 years of age or over.

Number of male employees 14 and under 18 years of age earning each specified amount per week, by general nativity and race: Study of employees. Tables 14, 60, 16, 92, and 108.-These tables are similar to Tables 12, 58, 74, 90, and 106, relating to earnings of males 18 years of age or over. In practically all industries the number of employees under 14 was too small for tabulation.

Number of female employees 14 and under 18 years of age earning each specified amount per week, by general nativity and race: Study of employees. Tables 15, 61, 77, 93, and 109.These tables are similar to Tables 14, 60, 76, 92, and 108, relating to earnings of males 14 and under 18 years of age.

Number of male heads of families earning each specified amount per year, by general nativity and race of individual: Study of households. Table 16.This table forms a part of the study of family incomes. The information relative to income was secured for the year ending at the time of the agent's visit.

In the "selection of families” for the compilation of data concerning family income, the following classes were omitted:

1. Families established less than one year.
2. Families living two or more per household under complicated financial

arrangements, so that exact income from boarders or other sources within

the household is uncertain. 3. Families with earnings or contributions representing entire earnings of

members who are profit earners or whose net earnings are for any other reason uncertain. "That part of the income in this study represented by earnings is net.

is gross.

Practically all of the heads of families included in this table are also heads of households. They are here classified according to the amount of their earnings for the year.

Y early earnings (approximate) of males 18 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual: Study of households. Table 17.-Male wage earners are here classified according to the amount of their earnings for the year ending at the time of the agent's visit. Persons who receive board and lodging in addition to a money wage and persons who receive tips or other perquisites over and above a stipulated wage are not included in this table.

Amount of family income per year, by general nativity and race of head of family: Study of households. Table 18.—The families included in this table are the same as in Table 16. These families are here classified according to the amount of total income for the year from all sources. Table No. 20 shows the sources of this income. Income from “boarders or lodgers” and in some cases from “other sources”

Yearly earnings (approximate) of females 18 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual: Study of households. Table 19.—This table is similar to Table 17, which relates to earnings of males.

Number of families having within the year an income from husband, wife, children, boarders or lodgers, and other sources, by general nativity and race of head of family: Study of households. Table 20.—The families included in this table are the same as in Table 16. The number of families with income from earnings of husband, the number with income from earnings of wife, etc., are shown here. The terms "husband” and “wife," include the widowed, divorced, and deserted. The principal items under“Other sources” are (1) receipts from investments, which, in the great majority of cases, are in the form of rentals, and (2) contributions of friends or relatives, who pay either more or less than the rates of boarders or lodgers. Attention is called to the fact that the family may have had income from some source, for example, from boarders or lodgers, within the year, but not at the time the schedule was taken.

Source of family income in detail, by general nativity and race of head of family: Study of households. Table 21.—The families included in this table are the same as in Table 16. They are classified here according to the source or combination of sources upon which the family has been wholly dependent for income within the year ending with the taking of the schedule. The four items which make up all incomes except those entered in the last column of the table are earnings of husband, earnings of wife, contributions of children, and payments of boarders or lodgers. It will be noted that all families deriving their entire income from husband, wife, and children have a net income, and that all incomes including the payments of boarders or lodgers are gross; also that all families having any part of their income from money invested appear in the last column of this table.

Months worked during the past year by persons 16 years of age or over employed away from home, by ser and by general nativity and race of individual: Study of households. Table 22.-Members of households of working age who have been employed outside of the home within the year ending with the taking of the schedule are here classified according to whether they have worked under three months, three and under four months, four and under five months, etc. For the purposes of the table all cases of part-time employment have been reduced to a full-time basis. For example: An employee who has worked seven months on half time is counted as having worked three and one-half months. The data are shown for males and females separately.

Number and class of households, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 23.-All households are here divided into "family households,” or households where a family is present, and “group households," or households composed of a group of persons, no family included. Family households are further classified as being with or without boarders or lodgers. Family households with neither boarders nor lodgers are subdivided into those consisting of a single family and those consisting of two or more families living in the same apartment and sharing one or more rooms. Family households with boarders or lodgers are subdivided into those who keep, boarders and those who keep only lodgers. Households keeping both boarders and lodgers are here entered as households with boarders. “Boarders” are persons to whom both food and lodging are furnished.

Number of households paying each specified rent per month per apartment, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 24.-In this table appear only the renting households which report the rent paid for the unfurnished rooms which they use for living purposes. The following classes are thus excluded from the table:

1. Households which rent apartment furnished.
2. Households which pay an undivided sum for apartment and place of busi-
3. Resident landlords who pay an undivided sum for the apartment they

occupy and other apartments which they sublet. 4. Households which pay "ground rent.' Number of households paying each specified rent per month per room, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Pable 25.–The households included in this table are the same as in Table 24.

Number of households paying each specified rent per month per person, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 26.-The households included in this table are the same as in Table 24.

Number of households keeping boarders and lodgers and number of boarders and lodgers, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Pable 27.—This table shows the number of households keeping boarders and the number keeping only lodgers; it also shows the total number of boarders and of lodgers. "Boarders” both sleep and eat with the household. Households which keep lodgers in addition to boarders are classified with the households keeping boarders. Among certain races it is customary to include one of the following accommodations with the nominal price of lodging: (1) Coffee or soup is served once a day; (2) the lodger is allowed the privilege of cooking his food on the kitchen stove; (3) the housewife buys the lodger's food, having the price charged in his account book, and prepares the food for him. Persons with such

ness.

financial arrangements consider themselves lodgers and have been classified as such in this table.

Number of persons per household in apartments of each specified size, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 28.-Households are here classified according to the number of rooms which they occupy and are further classified according to the number of persons of which they are composed. Rooms used exclusively for business purposes, although connected with the apartment, are not counted in the number of rooms per apartment. As before stated, only such persons as sleep in the apartment are considered members of the household.

Number of households occupying a partments of each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 29.-This table summarizes a part of the data of Table 28. Households are classified here according to the number of rooms they occupy.

Number of households of each specified number of persons, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 30.This table summarizes a part of the data in Table 28. Households are here classified according to the number of persons in the household.

Number of households and number of persons in apartments of each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 31.-

This table summarizes part of the data in Table 28. It gives the total number of households and the total number of persons in apartments of each specified size.

Persons per room, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. "Table 32.—This table shows the number of households which average less than one person per room, one and less than two persons per room, two and less than three persons per room, etc. The table also shows the average number of persons per household and per room for all households studied.

Persons per sleeping room, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 33.- This table presents the data relative to persons per sleeping room. Only rooms which are regularly used for sleeping purposes are here considered sleeping rooms. The table is similar to Table 32.

Number of households regularly sleeping in all except each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 34.---This table classifies households according to the number of rooms left for living purposes after the number of sleeping rooms has been deducted.

Literacy of employees, by ser and general nativity and race: Study of employees. Tables 35, 62, 78, 94, and 110.These tables show the number of employees who read some language and the number who both read and write some language. In all industries where employees of both sexes report, the tabulation is by sex.

Literacy of persons 10 years of age or over, by ser and general nativity and race of individual: Study of households.' Table 36.—This table, which is concerned with members of households, is similar to Table 35, relating to employees.

Literacy of foreign-born persons 10 years of age or over, by sex, years in the United States, and race of individual: Study of households.

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