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TABLE 66.—Per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife in the United States and

per cent who report wife abroad, by race of husband.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [This table includes only races with 40 or more husbands reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign

born.)

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The proportion of husbands reporting wives in the United States is 95.5 per cent. All of the Scotch husbands and over 98 per cent of the Dutch, English, French, and German husbands report wives in the United States.

The tendency of married males of foreign birth who left their wives abroad when they immigrated to this country, to send for them after designated periods of residence in the United States, is set forth in the following table, which shows, by race of husband and by years husband has been in the United States, the percentage of foreign-born husbands who report wife abroad:

TABLE 67.Per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife abroad, by race of husband and by years husband has been in the United States.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes

only races with 100 or more husbands reporting.)

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It appears from the data presented in the preceding table that in the case of each of the four races for which the percentages are given the proportion of husbands reporting wives abroad decreases with length of residence of husbands in the United States. It will be noted that none of the English husbands who have been in the United States from five to nine years or ten years or over, and only 0.3 per cent of the German husbands who have been here ten years or over, report wives abroad.

VISITS ABROAD.

In the table next presented the extent to which silk-goods manufacturing employees of foreign birth visit their native countries after specified periods of residence in the United States is shown, by sex, years in the United States, and race.

Table 68.- Visits abroad made by foreign-born employees, by sex, years in the United

States, and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes only races with 200 or more persons reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.)

MALE.

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Of the 3,557 persons included in the preceding table, 19.8 per cent have made one or more visits abroad. The English show the largest and the Russian Hebrew the smallest proportion of their total number as having been abroad since their first arrival in the United States. As the length of residence in the United States increases, so does the proportion having made visits abroad. This is true of each race except the Russian Hebrew and South Italian. Comparing the males and females, it is seen that a larger proportion of the former have made visits abroad. This is probably due to the fact that there are a larger number of single men than women, and further that a man with a family will not make a trip abroad unless he can take at least his wife with him.

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In the table next presented the percentage of persons who were within each age group is set forth by sex and by general nativity and race of head of household.

Table 69.—Per cent of persons within each age group, by sex and general nativity and

race of head of household.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) [This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

MALE.

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Under 6. 6 to 13. 14 and 15. 16 to 19. 20 to 29. 30 to 44. 45 or over.

8.6 1.6 16.7 7.6 7.6 7.3

12.5 8.1

FEMALE.

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Of 1,245 persons included in the foregoing table, 22.7 per cent are from 30 to 44 years of age, 20.8 per cent are from 20 to 29, and 20.2 per cent are under 6 years of Seventeen and three-tenths per cent are from 6 to 13 years of age, 7.3 per cent are from 16 to 19 years of age, and 8.4 per cent are 45 years of age or over, the smallest proportion, or 3.4 per cent, being 14 or 15 years of age. The foreign

age.

born show a larger proportion than the native-born within each specified age group, except 14 and 15 years, 30 to 44 years, and 45 years or over. The Armenian, North Italian, and Polish are the only races showing as high as 50 per cent who are 20 years of age or over.

The table next presented shows, by sex and general nativity and race, the percentage of employees within each age group. TABLE 70.Per cent of employees within each age group, by sex and general nativity and

race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) (This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

MALE.
Number

Per cent within each specified age group.
General nativity and race.

reporting
complete 14 to 20 to 25 to

35 to 45 to
data.

24.

30 to
34.

55 or over.

19.

29.

44.

54.

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3.8 14.6 13.0 14.3

5.1 13.3

.0 8.0 11.5 3.6

.0 19.3

8.8 15.3

.0 14.8

.0 8.3 4.6 8.2

.0 3.0

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.0

.0

.0

22.0
14.8

.0

14.0 14.8 3.6

10.0 3. 3 .0

28

17.8

Native-born of native father, White.
Native-born of native father, by
country of birth of father:

Austria-Hungary
England
Germany
Ireland
Italy
Netherlands
Russia
Scotland
Switzerland

Wales
Foreign-born, by race:

Canadian, French
Dutch
English
French
German
Hebrew, Russian
Irish
Italian, North
Italian, South
Polish
Scotch

Grand total
Total native-born of foreign father..
Total native-born
Total foreign-born

45 104 352

94 473 199

77 373 191 30 68

6.5 9.6 3. 4 4.0 7.8 10.7 14.7 26.7

.0

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TABLE 70.--Per cent of employees within each age group, by sex and general nativity and

race-Continued.

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Of 12,846 employees in this industry who reported, 47.4 per cent are from 14 to 19 years of age, 19.8 per cent are from 20 to 24, 10.1 per cent are from 25 to 29, 6.8 per cent are from 30 to 34, 9.1 per cent are from 35 to 44, 4.8 per cent are from 45 to 54, and 2.1 per cent are 55 years of age or over. In the groups of employees from 25 to 55 years of age or over, the foreign-born employees show the highest percentage, followed, in the order named, by those who are native whites born of native father and those who are of foreign birth. Of the employees who are native-born of foreign father, those whose fathers were born in Russia and Austria-Hungary show by far the highest percentages and those whose fathers were born in Scotland show the lowest, who are from 14 to 19 years of age. The employees whose fathers were born in Ireland show the highest per cent of persons from 20 to 24 years of age and those whose fathers were born in Switzerland the highest from 25 to 29 years of age, the employees whose fathers were born in Austria-Hungary and Russia show the lowest percentage in these two groups. Of the employees from 30 to 34, those whose fathers were born in Scotland show the highest percentage, and of those from 35 to 44 years of age, those whose fathers were born in Switzerland show the highest, while none of the employees whose fathers were born in Russia appear in the first-named group and none whose fathers were born in Austria-IIungary, Italy, or Russia appear in the second group mentioned. Of the employees who are from 45 to 54

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