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born show a larger proportion than the native-born within each specified age group, except 14 and 15 years, 30 to 44 years, and 45 years or over. The Armenian, North Italian, and Polish are the only races showing as high as 50 per cent who are 20 years of age or over.

The table next presented shows, by sex and general nativity and race, the percentage of employees within each age group. Table 70.- Per cent of employees within each age group, by sex and general nativity and

race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) (This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

MALE.

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3.8 14.6 13.0 14.3

5.1 13.3

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17.8

Native-born of native father, White.
Native-born of native father, by
country of birth of father:
Austria-Hungary
England.
Germany
Ireland
Italy
Netherlands
Russia
Scotland
Switzerland

Wales.
Foreign-born, by race:

Canadian, French
Dutch
English
French
German
Hebrew, Russian
Irish
Italian, North
Italian, South
Polish
Scotch .

Grand total
Total native-born of foreign father
Total native-born
Total foreign-born

45 104 352

94 473 199

77 373

6.5 9.6 3. 4 4.0 7.8 10.7 14.7 26.7

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4,103

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Native-born of native father, White.
Native-born of foreign father, by
country of birth of lather:

Austria-Hungary
England
Germany
Ireland
Italy
Netherlands
Russia
Scotland
Switzerland

Wales
Foreign-born, by race:

Canadian, French
Dutch.
English
French
German
Hebrew, Russian
Irish
Italian, North
Italian, South
Polish
Scotch

Grand total......
Total native-born of foreign father..
Total native-born
Total foreign-born

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Table 70.-- Per cent of employees within each age group, by sex and general nativity and

race-Continued.

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Of 12,846 employees in this industry who reported, 47.4 per cent are from 14 to 19 years of age, 19.8 per cent are from 20 to 24, 10.1 per cent are from 25 to 29, 6.8 per cent are from 30 to 34, 9.1 per cent are from 35 to 44, 4.8 per cent are from 45 to 54, and 2.1 per cent are 55 years of age or over. In the groups of employees from 25 to 55 years of age or over, the foreign-born employees show the highest percentage, followed, in the order named, by those who are native whites born of native father and those who are of foreign birth. Of the employees who are native-born of foreign father, those whose fathers were born in Russia and Austria-Hungary show by far the highest percentages and those whose fathers were born in Scotland show the lowest, who are from 14 to 19 years of age. The employees whose fathers were born in Ireland show the highest per cent of persons from 20 to 24 years of age and those whose fathers were born in Switzerland the highest from 25 to 29 years of age, the employees whose fathers were born in Austria-Hungary and Russia show the lowest percentage in these two groups. . of the employees from 30 to 34, those whose fathers were born in Scotland show the highest percentage, and of those from 35 to 44 years of age, those whose fathers were born in Switzerland show the highest, while none of the employees whose fathers were born in Russia appear in the first-named group and none whose fathers were born in Austria-Hungary, Italy, or Russia appear in the second group mentioned. Of the employees who are from 45 to 54 years of age those whose fathers were born in Scotland show the highest percentage, and of the employees who are 55 years of age or over those whose fathers were born in Switzerland show the highest percentage. Of the foreign-born employees, the Poles show the highest percentage who are from 14 to 19 years of age and the Scotch the lowest; the South Italians show the highest percentage and the North Italians the lowest from 20 to 24 years of age; and the Russian Hebrews the highest percentage and the Poles the lowest from 25 to 29 and from 30 to 34 years of age. The North Italians show the highest percentage who are from 35 to 44, the Germans the highest percentage who are from 45 to 54, and the English the highest percentage who are 55 years of age or over; the Poles show the lowest percentage in the first two groups named and the Poles and Russian Hebrews the lowest percentage in the last-named group. The female employees show a considerably higher per cent of persons from 14 to to 24 than do the male employees, while in each of the other age groups the percentage of males is considerably higher than that of the females.

CHAPTER VII.

GENERAL PROGRESS AND ASSIMILATION.

Ownership of homes-Status of children in the households studied-Citizenship

Ability to speak EnglishText Tables 71 to 81 and General Tables 45 to 50).

OWNERSHIP OF HOMES.

Home ownership by families the heads of which are of foreign birth may be considered a strong indication of permanent settlement, and the facts in this connection relative to the families whose heads are employed in the silk industry are set forth in the following table, according to general nativity and race of head of family:

Table 71.- Number and per cent of families owning home, by general nativity and race

of head of family.

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The above table shows that only 8.6 per cent of the 278 families studied in this industry own homes-the foreign-born reporting 7.4 per cent as compared with 23.8 per cent of the native-born of native father. Among the foreign-born no Hebrews or Poles, and only a small proportion of Syrians, own homes. On the other hand, the North Italians report 16.1 per cent owning homes, a proportion largely in excess of that shown by either the Armenians or the South Italians.

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