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governor of, or otherwise connected with, the THE GAME OF CRICKET.—Strutt, in his Sports colony of Senegal, in Africa.
and Pastimes (book 11. ch. iii. sect. 19) holds to
C. H. FITZHOLLAND. the opinion that the game of cricket originated LORD Airth's COMPLAINTS.- .-Some years ago,
from the older game of “ Club Ball,” in which a in the British Museum, in some book of ballads, ball was struck from a straight bat; and admits
“ Cricket," bewhen hunting for something else, I found the fol- himself unable to trace the name,
yond the commencement of the eighteenth cenlowing lines. Who was Lord Airth? What was his complaint ? and who is the author of this beau- tury. The following extract from the Constitu
tion Book of Guildford, as transcribed in Russell's tiful piece of poetical expression ? I saw it attributed to Lord Brooke, the friend of Sidney.
History of that town (1801), shows the name to
have been in use at least as early as the middle “ If these sad thoughts could be expressed,
of the sixteenth century, and, by inference, much Wharwith my mind in now possessed,
earlier. My passion might, disclosed, have rest, My griefs relieved micht flee. In some legal proceedings in respect to A
Garden withelde from the Towne," anno 40th “ My sichs are fled, no teirs now rin, But swell to whelm my soul within,
“ John Derrick, gent, one of the queene's majestie's Admire but do not trie," &c.
coroners of the County of Surrey, aged 59, saith this land FRANK HOWARD. before mentioned lett to John Parvish, Innholder, de
ceased; that he knew it for fifty years or more. Bean Feast. — A practice prevails in the me- “ It lay waste and was used and occupyed by the intropolis of England—that of giving an annual habitants of Guldeford to saw timber in, and for sawpits, banquet or feast to the employed in their es
and for makinge of frames of timber, for the said in
habitants. tablishments, to which in some instances the prin
“ When he was a scholler in the free school of Guldecipal customers are invited to contribute and forde, he and several of his fellowes did runne and play attend. I have, on invitation, attended one this there at crickett and other plaies. summer, which took place at Rye House, and “ And also that the same was used for the baytinge of consisted of a substantial dinner, the company
beares in the said towne, until the said J. Parvish did playing at cricket and other games, both before inclose the said parcell of land.” and after. What I wish to inquire is simply, Is not the game, as now played, as well as the why it is called a bean feast? I asked this at name, of much earlier origin than is generally the time, but no one could give me the informa- supposed ?
D. M. STEVENS. tion.
Court CostuMES OF Louis XIII. OF FRANCE. SLINGSBY BETHEL, LORD MAYOR AND M.P. FOR London, 1755-6.- What was the connection I shall feel obliged by any one directing me to a between this alderman and his namesake the Pres. work containing engravings of the above costumes.
A. D. byterian sheriff in 1680, who was tried for an assault at Southwark when a candidate for that DATES WANTED. — I am anxious to discover borough, and was the author of several political the respective months of the year 1173 in which pamphlets ? In his Vindication, published in 1681, the two following events took place: Sheriff Bethel describes himself as a bachelor; 1. The betrothal of John, afterwards King, to but as his decease did not happen till 1695, the Alice or Agnes of Maurianna. Lord Mayor may have been his son or grandson.
2. The death of William Earl of Gloucester, Query, which ? Alderman Bethel died in 1758. the father of Isabel, wife of King John. Juxta TURRIM.
HERMENTRUDE. BosweLL.- Where did those diligent and ac
Peter Dos.-While on board a steamer going curate compilers, the Messrs. Chambers, obtain from the Loffoden Islands to Trondhjem in July their anecdote (Encyclopædia, vol. iv, art. “ Exe- last, we passed a great number of the Nordland cution"), of Boswell's riding to Tyburn in the Jaegts engaged in carrying dried fish from Hamsame mourning-coach with the murderer Hack- merfest to Bergen. Many of these vessels had a man, the ordinary of Newgate, and a turnkey? square piece of black cloth in one corner of the Seasoned as he was to the periodical gaol-de- mainsail, which, I was informed, was placed there liveries which in his day " emptied our prisons in memory of a poet named Peter Dos, who forinto the grave," I hardly think that he would have merly lived in the northern part of Norway. out-Selwyned Selwyn by an “ excursion" to the
Where can I obtain information about Peter
Dos ? gallows, hearsed at the side of a living murderer.
ALGERNON BRENT. Our amateur des hautes auvres was a social, Rev. William EASTMEAD. — This gentleman, kindly-natured man; but the depths of the human who was a Dissenting minister at Kirby Moorside, heart are not easily sounded,
E. L. S. Yorkshire, was author of Historia Kicrallensió,
1824, 8vo, and died about fifteen years since. I “ HE DIED AND SHE MARRIED THE BARBER." am anxious to know the exact date of his death, Where can I find that strange medley someand shall be glad of any other particulars re- times attributed to Dean Swift, who is said to specting him.
S. Y. R.
have extemporaneously invented it in retaliation EDGAR. — 1. What was the baptismal name of I once heard it repeated by a gentleman, whose
for being asked a conundrum at a dinner-party? the father of Richard Edgar, who married the coheiress of Ros of Sanquhar ?
memory row fails to give more than an isolated 2. Who was the successor of this Richard ?
sentence here and there, such as : 3. Who were the two following successors of
“A man went into a barber's shop to be shaved, John Edgar, of Wedderlie, who confirms in 1384 potatoes till the gunpowder ran out of his shoes
went into the garden and dug a certain surrender made by R. Edgar in 1379 ?. He died and she married the barber.—What's that?" 4. Was Adam Edgar (living in 1476) the grand
R. F. C. father or great grandfather of Oliver Edgar, who married in 1564 Margaret Pringle?
INSCRIPTION ON CROSTHWAITE Font. - On the 5. Who are named as the nephews of Edgar of lower edge (chamfered) of the bowl of the font in Wedderly in the suit terminated in 1663, by a
Crosthwaite church, Keswick, runs, or rather ran, a judgment of the Court of Session ?
double inscription. That on the cardinal faces 6. Squair Men.-Who were the “Squair Men"
has been purposely erased, probably about 1550. of Dumfries, mentioned in the will of an Edgar in
The other inscription is the seventeenth century ?
SP. “Orate : 2 aia: dñi : Thõm :de: Khede (?): olim : eccle
sie: huius : Vicarii." PRIDEAUX ERRINGTON.— I recently met with a I am uncertain about “Khede," and commend copy of a work entitled, New Copies in Verse for it to antiquarian tourists. But I want to know, the Use of Writing Schools, consisting of fifty- | 1. Is there a place, whose mediæval Latin three alphabets, &c. &c., 8vo, published at New
name was “Khede," or anything like it ? and 2. castle-upon-Tyne, 1734, and written by Prideaux Is there any list of vicars of Keswick? The font Errington. Is the book of any value? Who was seems to have been carved late in Edward III.'s the author ? and in what way did be obtain the reign.
E. H. KNOWLES. name of Prideaux as a Christian name, as I can find no intermarriage between the families in any
ISABEL OF GLOUCESTER : ONE MORE Query. pedigree that I have access to ? Was the author “ King John,” says Speed, “ divorced Hawisia his wife of the family of Errington of High Warden, by advice of Philip King of France, as too neere of bloud, Northumberlard?
G. P. L. by sentence of the Archbishop and Bishops of Burdeaux,
Poyctoirs, and Xanton.” (P. 496.) THE FLEUR-DE-LIS FORBIDDEN
IN FRANCE (2nd S. xi. 167, 298.)—Has the decree of the Paris Court of Cassation in 1861, by which jewellers Archbishop of Burdeaux, and the Bishops of Poytiers and
“ He was there [i. e. in France) by the hands of Helias and others were cautioned that it was unlawful Scone, diuorced from his wife Isabell
, daughter to Robert to introduce the fleur-de-lis into any piece of Earle of Gloucester, because of neereaesse of bloude." jewellery, &c., been repealed? In the jewellers'
Have we any reason to suppose, from this, that shops in the Palais Royal at present, the fleur-de- Isabel had accompanied John into France ? Does lis is very generally to be seen in the form of the Romish law of divorce require the presence brooches, sleeve-links, scarf-pins, &c.
of both parties, or even of one, when sentence of
divorce is pronounced ? I should also be glad to LAURENCE HALSTED. Information is desired know if any other chronicler than Speed has respecting Laurence Halsted, Keeper of the Re- named the King of France as John's adviser in cords in the Tower of London. According to this matter ? and what place do “ Xanton” and Dr. Whitaker (History of Whalley, 3rd ed. 383), "Scone" indicate ? The divorce of John and he was son of John Halsted by his first wife Isabel must have taken place between the 2nd of Hester, daughter of William Cooke of Manches- May, 1200 — on which day he returned to Norter; was born in 1638, married Alice, daughter mandy (see the curious Itinerary of King John, of John Barcroft, Esq.
, and had issue John
and Archäologia, vol. xxii.) -- and the 24th of August, Laurence, who died infants, and Charles, born when he married Isabelle d'Angoulême. 1675. Dr. Whitaker says that the Keeper of the
HERMENTRUDE. Tower Records was so steady a Loyalist as to be
LADY CATHERINE REBECCA MANNERS is stated excepted, according to Wbitelock, out of all acts of indemnity in the treaties between Charles I. and by Watt to have been author of poems 1793-1799.
Who was she?
S. Y. R. the Parliament. If he were born in 1638, he was only about eleven years old when Charles I. was St. PATRICK AND THE SHAMROCK.-I am much decapitated. C. H. & THOMPSON COOPER. obliged to your correspondent F. C. H. for having
answered my queries respecting venomous rep- the author of a rhyme to Timbuctoo which has tiles in Ireland. The following extract from an amused many. The rhyme is as follows: article on “ Sacred Trees and Flowers" in the
I would I were a cassowary,
On the plains of Timbuctoo;
I'd catch and eat a missionary,
Legs and arms and hymn-book too. “ The trefoil, or “Herb Trinity,' has an especial in.
This is not mine; but I believe I was one of the terest from the use, which, as tradition asserts, was made first dozen who heard it. A. DE MORGAN. use of by St. Patrick (although the story is to be found in none of the Lives — not even the last and most legen- WHITEHALL! A WAR CRY. Is that the meandary — printed by Colgan), as an illustration of the Divine mystery of the Trinity. The leaf, which is now
ing of the following note ? generally recognised as the Irish emblem, is that of the “ The ground-plot of Whitehall. Thus much I thought white clover ; but the name, shamrock (Seam-rog), seems owing to the venerable memory of that name, which is to be generic, and is applied also to the purple clover, the ever the word at sea with British ships, and which makes speedwell, the pimpernel, and the wood-sorrell,” &c. the whole world tremble."-Stukeley, Itin. Curiosum, fol.,
1776, Pref. I propose this Query: If, as the writer of the article asserts, no mention is made in the lives of The first edition of his work was in 1724. It has St. Patrick of his having made use of the “sham- been suggested, whether the above has any conrock” as an illustration of the Blessed Trinity, Whitehall was originally called York House.
nection with the cry, “ York! you're wanted.”. how did the tradition arise ? J. DALTON.
W. P. POTHEEN. - The Emperor Julian enriched the Valhalla of royal poets by the composition of
WIVES OF ENGLISH PRINCES. -I should be two epigrams. (Juliani Opera, Paris, 1583, p. greatly obliged to any one who can answer the 87.) One of these is on corn-wine, Eis olvov ånd
following Queries :kplons, in which he contrasts the nectarine flavour
1. Elizabeth de Burgh, wife of Lionel Duke of of the grape with the goat-like relish of the corn
Clarence.—Miss Strickland says she was buried wine, Κείνος νέκταρ, συ δε τράγον. Now, is not this
at Clare Priory. The will of John Earl of Pemmanifestly the veritable potheen, a copious dram broke (Nichols's Royal Wills
, p. 92), orders that of which would have nicely settled the imperial his tomb be made like the tomb of " Elizabeth de stomach after a surfeit of the crass and sugared Burugh, qe gist a la Menoresse en Loundre hors Byzantian?
Was this the same Elizabeth ? and Dublin.
was her corpse afterwards removed to Clare
Priory? PRAYERS FOR THE DEAD. — In Daillé's work 2. Mary Bohun, first wife of Henry IV. Where on The Right Use of the Fathers, published in the may her wardrobe accounts be found ? seventeenth century, it is said (Smith's trans. ed. 3. Required, the names of the mothers of all Jekyll, Bohn, 1843, p. 325) that the Church of the following Princesses: Sybille, wife of Robert Rome has abolished the custom of prayers for the Duke of Normandy; Isabel Marshal, first wife, saints departed. It may be my ignorance, but I of Richard, Duke of Cornwall and King of the do not understand this, and I shall be much ob- Romans ; Beatrice of Cologne, third wife of the liged by an explanation in your pages. Prayer same; Mary or Margaret de Ros, second wife of for the dead generally is of course enjoined by Thomas Duke of Norfolk ; Margaret Wake, wife the Church of Rome, and, I presume, always has of Edmund Earl of Kent; Joan Holland, second been. Are the “saints,” or the orthodox," or wife of Edmund Duke of York; Jaquetta of those who have “departed in the faith" (variously Luxemburg, wife of John Duke of Bedford ; so described in Daillé's quotations), made an ex
Eleanor Cobham, wife of Humphrey Duke of ception ?
Gloucester. Hagley, Stourbridge.
4. Information of any kind, or reference to
sources whence it might be obtained, is also deRIDDLE: RHYME TO TIMBUCT00. — What is sired respecting Isabel Marshall, Beatrice of Cothe answer to the following ?
logne, Margaret Wake, and Joan Holland. “My first, invisible as air,
If the answers to these Queries should not be Apportions things of earth by line and square.
regarded as of sufficient interest for publication The soul of pathos, eloquence and wit,
in “ N. & Q.," I should be grateful to receive any, My second shows each passion's changeful fit. addressed privately, through the publishers. My whole, though motionless, declares
HERMENTRUDE. In many ways how everybody fares.” While on such a subject, I add that I have heard from at least a dozen quarters that I am
Queries with answers.
wbich for many years past has borne the follow
ing inscription : · The House where porter was SIR FRANCIS DRAKE (3rd S. iii. 506.) – In a first sold.” I shall be glad to know whether there visit paid last autumn to St. Budeaux Church is or not any truth in this statement. If it be a (opposite to Saltash, at a great height, overlook- / fiction, it will not be the first historical one which ing the beautiful scenery of the Tamar), the has been published by a tavern sign-board. rector, among other civilities bestowed upon me,
EDWARD J. WOOD. though a complete stranger, showed me the Parish
[It was in the year 1720 that Ralph Harwood, whose Register. Amongst the marriages is recorded that brewhouse was on the east side of High Street, Shoreof
ditch, conceived the idea of making a liquor which should “ Francis Drake and Marye Newman, July 4, 1569."
partake of the united flavours of ale, beer, and twopenny,
which he called Entire, or Entire butts. It is said to have Again, amongst the burials,
been called Porter, either from its having been the com"1582. Januarie 25, Marye Drake, wife of Sir Francis
mon drink of the porters, or from Harwood sending it D., Knight.”
round to his customers by men who, when they knocked
at the doors, called out Porter; meaning thereby not the I should like to see these facts reconciled with drink, but themselves, its porters or carriers. According the "Legend of Sir Francis Drake."
to Leigh (quoted in Haydn's Dict. of Dates) it was first JOHN A. C. VINCENT.
retailed at the Blue Last, Curtain Road. Gutteridge, a
native of Shoreditch, thus praises this beverage: 90, Great Russell Street.
“ Harwood, my townsman, he invented first [We have submitted this Query to a literary friend, Porter to rival wine, and quench the thirst; who has been engaged for some time upon an original Porter, which spreads its fame half the world o'er, Memoir of Sir Francis Drake, and in reply he says
that Whose reputation rises more and more. “the Registers of St. Budeaux have revealed a new and As long as porter shall preserve its fame, very interesting fact in the private life of the Admiral. Let all with gratitude our parish name.”] At least, I am not aware that any of his biographers have recorded any marriage of Drake, excepting that with the
SATIRICAL EPITAPH. Who is the author of heiress of Combe Sydenham. As to reconciling the popu- the lines ending lar legends still current in Devon and Somerset, it would
“Who never said a foolish thing, be a fruitless task. Such things, as you well know,
And never did a wise one?" generally have but very airy foundations. If any basis At which of our kings was this witticism levelled ? really existed for either of those in question, it would assuredly be for that in the first named county; where
BETA. Sir Francis was born, resided when not on active service, [This satirical epitaph was written upon Charles II., as and, as now appears, first married. The legend refers, is said, at his own request, by his favourite the Earl of therefore, to his first wife, Mary Newman. In the Devon- Rochester :shire version of it, the name as well of the lady as of the “Here lies our sovereign Lord the King, scene of the startling event are prudently omitted. The
Whose word no man relies on; fact of Sir Francis baving taken a second wife from
Who never said a foolish thing, Somerset, sufficiently accounts for the transplanting (so
And never did a wise one. to speak) of the miraculous tale into that county, and for all its subsequent embellishments.
“ The matter,” Charles wittily replied, “ was easily
But the most remarkable circumstance in connection with this newly
accounted for his discourse was his own, his actions discovered passage in the personal history of the great 312.]
were his ministry's.”—Hume's History of England, viii. circumnavigator, is, that at the time of his first marriage he must have been absolutely penniless! In the preceding BATTLE OF WORCESTER, 1651. — Are there any year (1568), he had lost his all by the treachery of the regimental lists of officers who were on the side of Spaniards in St. Juan de Ulloa ; and, contrary to that Charles II. at this battle, and where may they be prudence by which all his other steps in life were charac
T. F. terised, he seems to have snatched a temporary comfort
found ? in matrimony. I say 'temporary comfort, because in [The names of the general officers of the army raised in the autumn of the same year (1569) he made a secret
Scotland by Charles 11. are given in The Boscobel Tracts, voyage to the West Indies, and repeated it twice in the edited by J. Hughes, Esq. 8vo, 1857, p. 192, viz. Lieut.following year, “to gain intelligence of his enemies there Gen. David Lesley, Lieut.-Gen. Middleton (who was since before systematically attacking them; and, as Camden re- created Earl of Middleton, Lord Clarmont and Fetterlates, 'got some store of money by playing the seaman and cairn), Major-Gen. Massey, Major-Gen. Montgomery, pirate,' i. e. committing reprisals upon Don Martin Hen- Major Gen. Daliel, and Major-Gen. Vandrose, a Dutchriquez, the treacherous Viceroy of Mexico. Mary New
For the names of those who joined the king's army man, I have ascertained, was a person of very humble at Worcester, see pp. 194, 199, 200.] origin: she survived ten months to participate in the CORN. SCHONÆUS. Can you give me any acfame and dignities of her husband. Any additional facts concerning him will be, I need scarcely add, as interesting count of C. Schoneus, a (Dutch ?) author who as serviceable to me.”]
published Terentius Christianus, containing two
Latin dramas, “ Tobæus" and " Juditha,” 1575 ? PORTER, WHERE FIRST SOLD.— Outside an old
R. INGLIS. publichouse called the “Blue Last," and situate
[Cornelius Schonæus, a distinguished poet, and Rector in Curtain Road (the neighbourhood of the an- of the School at Haarlem, was born at Gouda in South cient Curtain Theatre), Shoreditch, is a board Holland, and died Nov. 28, 1611, in his seventy-first year.
He wrote, 1. Terentius Christianus, Antwerp, 1570; Lond. In the year 1858, the Langue did me the
Rome, an application on their part for some reJoseph HARPUR, LL.D.- This gentleman, de cognition by the supreme authority of the Order. scribed as of Trinity College, Cambridge, is men
I was, at the same time, presented with a copy tioned by Watt as author of an Essay on Cri- of the Synoptical Sketch, and instructed by the ticism, 1810. We do not find his name in the Grand Secretary to consider it a text-book for
from whence List of Cambridge graduates. Any information general reference; and a vade-mecum, respecting him will be acceptable.
to glean all the information concerning the Langue C. H. & THOMPSON COOPER.
and its claims that I might require in dealing Cambridge.
with the S. Council. [Joseph Harpur was of Trinity College, Oxford, B.C.L.
In the course of my diplomatic doings I was Nov. 12, 1806 ; D.C.L. June 10, 1813. Catalogue of Ox- frequently questioned as to the antecedents of the ford Graduates, ed. 1815, p. 173.]
Langue, and more especially as to the authority on which their pretensions to be considered legi
timate were founded. Being totally ignorant of Replies.
everything concerning the body of which I was THE KNIGHTS HOSPITALLERS OF ST. JOHN OF the representative, and finding the Synoptical JERUSALEM.
Sketch quite insufficient to furnish any satisfactory
reply, either to myself or to my interrogators, I (3rd S. iv. 92.)
was driven in my perplexity to apply to the late I shall take advantage of a personal appeal, Sir Richard Broun, the Grand Secretary of the addressed to me by your correspondent An OB- Langue, as well as to other old and distinguished SERVER, to express my great disappointment that members of that fraternity, for some evidence and the strictures of HistoriCUS, SCRUTATOR, and vouchers for their claims more respectable than others, bave failed to draw from the Society calling what I could derive from the brochure above themselves the “ Illustrious and Sovereign Order mentioned. of Knights Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem, Sir Richard's reply may be thus condensed : Anglia,” any tangible proof or evidence of the He had no proofs to produce, and despaired of justice of their claim to be considered a legiti- procuring me any; that, from 1835 to 1858, he mate branch of the famous Order, whose title and had been trying to make himself acquainted with attributes they have assumed.
the early history of the Langue, but without sucMAJOR PORTER and ANTIQUARIUS, in taking up cess; that after the death of the Grand Prior Sir the gauntlet, have indeed declaimed in lofty lan- Robert Peat, in 1837, he (Sir R. B.) discovered guage,
but have adduced nothing in support of that the documents connected with the revival their cause beyond what their Synoptical Sketch of the Langue were scattered about in many had previously put forward ; with what amount hands, and, as he feared, for the most part lost or of claim to credit
, HISTORICUS and SCRUTATOR destroyed ; that possibly some might be in poshave sufficiently demonstrated.
session of the family of the "Agent General"
emMAJOR PORTER, in his reply to HISTORICUS, ployed by the (soi-disant) French Capitular Comhas not condescended to enlighten us on the rea- mission, viz. a tailor, named Currie : some, again, sons that induced him to change his opinion of had passed away with the late Mr. B., ci-devant the legitimacy of the soi-disant Langue of Eng. Grand Secretary, and some might be, probably, land expressed in the History of the Knights of found with a distinguished literary member of Malta. He considers it enough for us to know, the Langue, &c., &c.* In short, I was given to that, although an opinion adverse to their claims understand that I must not expect anything more did once prevail in his mind, yet, having further presentable than what the Synoptical Sketch afconsidered the subject and held converse with forded. Your readers will, therefore, imagine some leading members of the Langue, he had be- how eagerly I looked for the proofs--so powerful, come so satisfied with the justice of those claims efficacious, and convincing in his case—that MAas to enroll himself a member of the Society ; JOR PORTER had been so fortunate as to discover ; and even make amends, in the second edition of but which Sir Richard Broun's efforts for more his work, for untoward remarks regarding them than twenty years, with all his experience and expressed in the first, &c., &c.
advantages as Grand Secretary and principal With your permission I will explain, as briefly working member of the Langue, to back those as possible, why I feel so much disappointed that efforts, had failed to bring to light. the gallant MAJOR has not been more explicit and communicative on the subject.
* Letter of Sir R. Broun, penes meipsum,