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347.

man.

LONDON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1863.

character given in the biography. On the other CONTENTS.-No. 96.

hand, Johnny Stittle, as he was called, who preached NOTES:-- Notes on the Life of Robert Robinson, 341 —

fiercely against classical literature, and exclaimed American Major-Generals, 344 -- William Stewart Rose, with triumph, "D'ye think Paul knew Greek? 345 - Origin of the Carriage called "a Fly," Ib. - Jack The life of Robert Robinson was written by Presbyter, 346 -- The Sons of Thomas Busby, Mus. Doc.

the simple-minded George Dyer, the G. D. of MINOR NOTES :- Square Numbers -- Alexander Selkirk's Charles Lamb, of whom an account, written by Cup and Chest - Inkstand - Peter Walter - Merchant me, will be found in the Supplement to the Penny Taylors -- Peal of Bells of East Woodhay Church, Hants Croquet - Marsupites Milleri - Dossity : Clare's Poems- Cyclopædia. Dyer's life of Robinson was proEarthquakes - The Kaleidoscope Stolen MSS. The nounced by Samuel Parr one of the best biograTermination “ster,” 348.

phies in the language: and Wordsworth expressed QUERIES: -"Albion Magazine,” “Monthly Recorder"

the same opinion. Angelic Vision of the Dying - Bayly or Bayley Family

Parr objected to Boswell that Crapaud Ring -- Cast of a Head in Boll Metal - Dancing he gave the “ drippings" of Johnson's mouth; and in Slippers - Dean: Decanus - De Veres, Earls of Oxford declared that he himself had intended to give the

- The Exempt Jurisdiction of Newry and Mourne Ex Prædà Prædatoris Sir John Fortescue's MSS. --- Golden history of his mind. But the drippings of the Candlestick of the Temple at Jerusalem - Grinling Gib- mouth and of the pen give the very mind itself: bons — Irving's Greek Testament - The Kaiser-Saal at Frankfort, &c., 350.

and he who now writes biography without them QUERIES WITH ANSWERS:- Wedding Sermons -- Norwich will live on the upper shelf, for reference only.

Bishops also Abbots – Trollop's Monument - Charles I.: If George Dyer could have given more of them, Milton - Sir Anthony Browne, K. G. - Kindlie Tenant

his book would have been reprinted to this day; Mathematical Recreation"- Hall Family, 354. • REPLIES:- - The Postal System, 355-- Hoops and Crino

but there is enough to set out an image of the lines, &c., 357 Newspaper Folk Lore. 358 - Bishop's Robes, 359 — Brian King and Martyr -- Joseph Fowke - I shall begin with two of Robinson's letters, Prayers for the Dead - Mrs. Hemans's Family Sinaitic Inscriptions – Edmund Prestwich -- Bochart or Boslart

which

go

far to make a picture : Satirical Ballad - Drinking Song - Piscinæ near Rood lofts - Quotations, &c - Recovery from apparent Death

" To the Rev. Thos. Dunscombe, Bampton, Oxfordshire. Forms of Prayer – Laws of Lauriston Gibraltar-Ob

“ Chesterton, Nov. 14, 1785. scure Scottish Saints, &c., 360.

Dear Sir.--I own it gives me a great deal of pleasure Notes on Books, &c.

to see any of the ministers of our churches address themselves to honest employments in life; there are many

reasons to induce us to do so. Idleness is abominable, Notes.

and the pretence of study is a joke, where a man hath

not more books than he can read over in a month. BeNOTES ON THE LIFE OF ROBERT ROBINSON sides, what is there to find out? A Catholic had need be a

subtle dog, and furnished with all the lore of the schools, to (1735–1790.)

make the New Testament speak in favour of his church; There are some men, known in their day by but a Baptist, whose whole religion lies in believing a few striking personal qualities, who gradually dis- plain facts, and in imitating that very plain example, Jesus appear from everything but the routine of literary to assemble all apologies, ancient and modern, to justify history. From Rees's Cyclopædia or Gorton we him for doing so. Oh! but there are some beautiful shall learn that Robert Robinson, the Baptist readings, and fine criticisms, and strokes of oratory, minister who preceded Robert Hall in the chapel which deserve the study of a minister of Christ! Well

, of St. Andrew's Street, Cambridge, was an “emi- God forgive me, poor sinner that I am! I feel three nent dissenting divine," an “able reasoner," an

pounds, gained honestly by the sale of a fat bullock, pro

duce more fire in my spirit, than all those pretty but poor “eminent controversialist.” We shall also find

tassels and spangles can give me.

With three pounds I the titles of his works, and their general purport : can set fire to ten cold hearts, frozen with infirmity and and we shall see made to stand out a learned widowhood, poverty and fear. Half a guinea will purHistory of Baptism. But all this gives no picture : chase the native eloquence of a grateful old woman; and or, at most, suggests a grave man in a very modest she, if I set her to read, will give me a criticism of the dwelling, seated at a table covered with books. heart, and the finest reading in the world. Oh! bless the

old soul! what honied accents she pours into my ear! If We want a work like that of Granger in title, a I can honestly get, and afford to give away three pounds, “help to the knowledge of portraits," not of the it will always be my own fault if I be not very happy. engraver, but of the contemporary friend or critic, Now then set me to preach. How is it possible" I should or better still, of the man himself in his writings.

be dull! The luxury of living to the glory of God and Cambridge has, almost within our own period, and forgotten cripple from hanging herself in despair;

the good of society, the joy of having saved a forlorn had the extremes of nonconformist notoriety set

the felicity of setting fire to incense that burns to the tled in the town, and, for different reasons, the glory of God; these are preparations for the pulpit, which resort of university men. On the one hand, Robin- the cold consumer of midnight oil never derives from his son and Hall ; Robinson, pronounced by Dr.

accents and quantities. I was the other night in our Price, with the approbation of all who heard it, vestry with several gownsmen just before the lecture. In the best colloquial preacher he had ever listened I am glad to see you returned safe from visiting your to; Hall, of whom many are left to confirm the family at Soham.?="Bless the Lord, Sir, I am. We heari

Mr. Watts on the Lord's day, and were very much edified the pipe, walked round the gardens to see what was indeed. But the day after we were coming out of town,

wanted there; went up the paddock to see if the weanling my husband saw him-and, poor creature, he was so calves were well; went down to the ferry to see whether shocked! O Sir!' - Thunderstruck at all this, I trem- the boy had scooped and cleaned the boats; returned to bled, expecting to hear before the gown that my poor

the farm ; examined the shoulders, heels, traces, chaff, brother Watts was seen drunk, or some such thing. Lord, and corn of eight horses going to plough; mended the thought I, happy is that man who hath not a foolish acre-staff; cut some thongs; whipcorded the boys' ploughbabbling good woman in his congregation. I looked whips; pumped the troughs full; saw the hogs fed; expale. Sarah went on-'0 Sir! there was the poor man amined the swill-tubs, and then the cellar; ordered a on the top of a ladder a thatching a rick.' I laughed, quarter of malt, for the hogs want grains and the men but stamped, and said — Have I bestowed so much in- want beer; filled the pipe again, returned to the river, and struction upon you and your husband for nothing? Are bought a lighter of turf for dairy fires, and another of sedge you yet in a state of infancy? I honour the man, and for ovens; hunted up the wheelbarrows, and set them a must be acquainted with him.' - Dear Sir, he works five trundling; returned to the farm, called the men to breakdays, and has only Saturday to study.' Well

, Sarah, I fast, and cut the boys' bread and cheese, and saw the shall try to convince him that he ought to work six wooden bottles filled; sent one plough to the three roods, days: for one day will never make him a scholar, and his another to the three half acres, and so on; shut the people are only a set of turf-diggers: and fourteenpence gates, and the clock struck five; breakfasted; set two more in his pocket every Lord's day will make him preach men to ditch the tive roods; two men to chop sads, and with more vigour, and rattle the gospel with more power spread about the land; two more to throw up muck in into the turf-men's souls. I appeal to these learned gen- the yard; and three men and six women to weed wheat; tlemen. After all, the prejudices of the common people set on the carpenter to repair cow-cribs, and set them up are very great against the secular employments of minis- till winter; the wheeler to mend up the old carts, cartters; and while we pursue them, we should take care ladders, rakes, &c. preparatory to hay time and harvest; and not give any unnecessary offence. This last seed- walked to the six-acres, found hogs in the grass; went time I was in my field along with a young gentleman back, and set a man to hedge and thorn; sold the butcher who looks after my farm, and he was digging a water

a fat calf, and the suckler a lean one; the clock strikes furrow across a land. It was a strong clayey soil, and he

pine; walked into barley field; barleys fine, picked groaned, so that in pity I took the spade and went into off a few tiles and stones, and cut a few thistles; the the ditch, which was very dauby, and presently groaned peas fine but foul; the charlock must be topped; the too, at which he fell a laughing. What do you laugh tares doubtful, the fly seems to have taken them; prayed at? '-— Pardon me, Sir, I recollected that a minister for rain, but could not see a cloud; came round to the lately said in his sermon that preaching was the hardest wheat-field ; wheats rather thin, but the finest colour in work that was done under the sun.'_I wish the fool was the world ; sent four women on to the shortest wheats; orin this ditch; he would soon learn that some of his au

dered one man to weed the ridge of the long wheats, and thors had taught him to tell fibs.' Farewell, my most two women to keep rank and file with him in the furrows; affectionate friend; industry, plenty, frugality, prosperity, thistles many; bluebottles no end; traversed all the wheatgenerosity, and piety be with you.—Amen. Yours ever, field; came to the fallow-field; the ditchers have run

“ ROBERT ROBINSON."

crooked; set them straight; the flag-sads cut too much,

rush-sads too little, strength wasted, show the men how to Now this man, while running on against a

three-corner them; laid out more work for the ditchers; learned clergy, was collecting the materials for his

went to the ploughs, set the foot a little higher, cut a wedge, History of Baptism (1790), a work which all against to-morrow; went to the other plough; picked up

set the coulter deeper, must go and get a new mould-board grades of opinion pronounce learned, and showing some wool, and tied over the traces; mended a horsevery varied reading. He was allowed the use of tree, tied a thong to the plough-hammer; went to see the college libraries, which must be honourably which lands wanted ploughing tirst ; sat down under a . mentioned: for though in our day the colleges bank [time, I think]; wondered how any man could be would not think a loan of books to a learned non

so silly as to call me reverend; read two verses, and

thought of his loving kindness in the midst of his temple; conformist anything on which greatly to plume gave out • Come all harmonious tongues,' and set Mount themselves, it might bave been otherwise in 1789. Ephraim tune; rose up; whistled; the dogs wagged The following letter could not have been a sample

their tails and on we went; got home; dinner ready; of

every day. I give these letters entire, Dyer's filled the pipe ; drank some milk; and fell asleep; woke book being scarce :

by the carpenter for some slats which the sawyer must

cut; the Rev. Messrs. A. in a coat, B. in a gown of black, “ To Henry Keene, Esq.

and C. in one of purple, came to drink tea, and to settle “ Chesterton, May 26, 1784.

whether Gomer was the father of the Celts and Gauls and “Old Friend,-You love I should write folios : that de

Britons, or only the uncle; proof sheet from Mr. Arch

deacon; corrected it; washed; dressed; went to meeting pends upon circumstances, and if the thunderstorm lasts, it shall be so: but what a sad thing it is to be forced to

and preached from “The end of all things is at hand, be write when one has nothing to say. Well, you shall have

ye faithful and watch unto prayer’; found a dear brother an apology for not writing,—that is, a diary of one day.

reverence there, who went home with me, and editied us “ Rose at tbree o'clock; crawled into the library, and

all out of Solomon's Song, with a dish of tripe out of Levimet one who said . Yet a little while is the light with

ticus, and a golden candlestick out of Exodus. Really you: walk while ye have the light-the night cometh

and truly we look for you and Mrs. Keene and Mr. Dove when no man can work-my Father worketh hitherto,

at harvest; and if you do not come, I know what you all and I work.' Rang the great bell, and roused the girls folios ?

Is not this a folio? And like many other to milking; went up to the farm, roused the horsekeeper; fed the horses while he was getting up; called the boy

Well done, historian of Baptism ! And what a to suckle the calves and clean out the cowhouse ; lighted guarantee for his references is the proof that be

are

knew so well the worth of the eye of the master! The undergraduates frequently interrupted the He wrote the History and Mystery of Good services. One of them wagered that he would stand Friday, a tract which, though distasteful to epi- on the pulpit stairs with an ear-trumpet through scopalians of even moderate adhesion, was greedily, the whole sermon, as if deaf. He did so for a bought and often reprinted. But his History and time, to the great amusement of his congeners. Mystery of May 26, 1784, would have been even Robinson took no notice until, having to say more sought for, if it had been separately pub- that God's grace might reach any one, however lished. The first of the two letters was provoked worthless, he added, placing his hand on the by some lly boobies,” he called them young man's head, “I hope it may one day be colleagues in the ministry, it would seem, who extended to this silly boy." Down went trumobjected to his farming as unclerical. He was pet, gown, and all, to the loss of the wager. Ι systematically satirical upon his brethren, which may add, from Dyer, that the congregation, in a he called 65

pricking the bladder.” Preachers, public letter to Dr. Farmer, acknowledged that said he, are too full of wind, and it is mercy never, in one single instance, had they been into let it out. The following was written to Mr. terrupted by a graduate. But the undergraduates, Dunscombe, on the state of some of the congrega- at one time, made a permanent practice of it: tions :

they subjected the women to gross insult; and, “ It is really deplorable to see the condition of some of

on one occasion, paraded a bad woman in the these churches ; some sapling of a minister collects and aisle, dressed as an undergraduate. The heads of embodies weaklings like himself; a sort of insipid chit- houses promised to put a stop to the nuisance, chat is made the test of a Christian; and as men of sense but did not succeed: perhaps they saw that will not disgrace their understandings by chaunting such sharper remedies would be required than their stuff, they are left. Not one of these church-babies fore- feelings would allow them to employ on bebalf of sees that in human societies, human frailties must produce disagreeables; not one, therefore, is prepared to

Dissenters. They deserve the reflection, for when, meet such things, but in the moment of a difference, void of after long suffering, Robinson tried the use of an all prudence, moderation, or decency, out they set a cry- act of parliament, a fine of 501., good-naturedly ing, scaring themselves, and bellowing up the multitude, commuted into a public apology, procured for the as if the world were at an end: when nothing is the matter, only Billy the baby has broken Billy the baby's

Dissenters of the University town the freedom doll.”

from annoyance which, as was remarked at the

time, was enjoyed by their brethren in the seaI will add, from Dyer, that Robinson had no ports. The misconduct has been repeated in our hand in the article on Bunyan in Kippis's Bio- own day, and actual imprisonment of some of graphia Britannica, though the contrary has been fenders has been found necessary. But for this I asserted. The passage signed B. was written by should not have recalled the old story. It will Broughton; that signed T. by Dr. Towers. strengthen the hands of that large majority of the

George Dyer himself was at one time a student existing race of undergraduates on whose opinion, under Robinson, and was, for a while, a Baptist more than on anything else, the absence of such minister. It was a joke against him— but only disorders depends, to be reminded from without the readers of Elia can fully enjoy it — that he that the University is not merely their affair and was obliged to resign his ministry from awkward that of their tutors, but also of all those who are ness in his office; that he attempted baptism only scattered through the world, having once been once, upon an old woman, and held her under what they are now. water in a fit of abstraction until she was An elderly officer told a friend of Mr. H. C. drowned. This Dyer used to deny with the Robinson that he was once in a coach with R. same placid good faith with which he denied that Robinson, who, after time, began to interlard he had walked into the New River, and with all his stories with the exclamation “ Bottles and which he would have denied that he had been Corks!” On being asked why he did this, with seen baptizing the moon. His remarks on the the remark that the stories were not improved by two letters which I have quoted are made with it, he said that he had observed his querist used such simple gravity, and the intent of the letters certain exclamations which he considered irreis so calmly explained, that it is clear he did not verent at least, if not sinful; that he piqued feel the humour of either. Oh for the memo- himself on his stories, and desired to use every randa of somethird person of moderate slyness | innocent means of improving them. who had seen Robinson and Dyer together! Do you deny,” said D.D., “ that the Scarlet

One of the same name, but not a relative, Mr. Lady is a type of Rome ? "_" Not in the least, Henry Crabbe Robinson, collected a few of the Doctor, if you will acknowledge the Church of anecdotes which his intercourse with Robert England to be a common strumpet.” A PresbyRobinson's friends had furnished, and published terian roared with laughter. “I did not mean, them in the Christian Reformer for 1845. Some Sir," continued Robinson, in a more serious tone, of these I abbreviate.

to give you a triumph. I reverence the Holy

How do you

Scriptures too much to like to hear them em

AMERICAN MAJOR-GENERALS. ployed to express our bad passions; but if we are to make use of an image not suited to our

I cut the following from the Boston (U. S.) manners, I would say all I think on the subject.

Commonweulth of September 11, 1863. I wish you It is my opinion that the Church of Rome is the

would reprint it in your pages.

The list will be scarlet ; the Church of England, a common

very

useful to future historians; and if not prestrumpet; and the Church of Scotland, a lady of served in “N. & Q." it will certainly not be ac

cessible on this side the Atlantic: easy virtue."

Arguing with a defender of what he deemed “ The list of Major-Generals now stands as follows:corruptions in the Church, Robinson was met

George B. McClellan, John C. Fremont, Henry W. Halwith a repetition of " I don't see that."—“No ?”

leck, Ulysses S. Grant, with one vacancy. Within the

past year Major-General Wool has been retired. said Robinson; "do you see this ? ” writing “God”

“ The army corps are now commanded as follows:on a card." Of course I do, — what then? ". 1st. General John Newton; 2nd. General Winfield S. “Do you see it now? I suspect not,” said Robin- Hancock; 3rd. General Daniel E. Sickles ; 4th. Consolison, covering the word with a half-crown. The dated with others; 5th. General George Sykes; 6th Geopponent was one who had an interest in the neral John Sedgwick; 7th. Consolidated with others;

8th. General Robert C. Schenck; 9th. General John C. matter. This story is also told of Robert Hall, Park; 10. General Quincy A. Gilmore; 11th. General Oliwith reference to an old colleague who had gone ver 0. Howard; 12th. General Henry W. Slocum; 13th. over to the Establishment, and got a living : in General E. O. C. Ord; 14th. General George H. Thomas; this way, no doubt, the razor is keener.

15th. General Walter T. Sherman; 16th. General SteIt was suspected that Robinson did not believe phen A. Hurlbut; 17th. General James B. McPherson ;

18ch. General John G. Forster; 19th. General N. P. in the personality of the Devil, which in his day Banks; 20th. General Alex. McDowell McCook; 21st. was considered something like Socinianism, if not General Thomas L. Crittenden; 22nd. General Samuel Atheism. At a meeting of ministers, he heard a P. Heintzelman; 23rd General George L. Hartsuff; whisper to this effect. “ Brother! brother!” he Cavalry corps, General Stoneman. cried out, don't misrepresent me.

“The list of Brigadier-Generals in the regular army is think I can dare to look you in the face, and at the William S. Rosecrans, Philip St. George Cooke, John

now as follows: — Irwin McDoweil, Robert Anderson, same time deny the existence of a devil ? Is he Pope, Joseph Hooker, George G. Meade, with two vacannot described in holy writ as the accuser of the cies. Of these, McDowell, Rosecrans, Pope, Hooker, and brethren?" On another occasion, a good but Meade, are Major-Generals of volunteers. Within the not very wise man, asking him in a tone of sim- past year Brigadier-General Harney has been retired, and

it is reported that General Cooke has been summoned plicity and surprise, Don't you believe in the

before the Retiring Board. Devil ?" Robinson answered him in like tone, “The regular army, in addition to the above grades, “ Oh dear no! I believe in God; don't you ? " now consists of an Adjutant-General's Department, with

The late William Nash, of Royston, ten years Brigadier-General Lorenzo Thomas at the head; a Judge younger than Robinson, was one of his most Advocate-General's Department, with Col. Joseph Holt intimate friends. If any one could say what

at the head; an Inspector-General's Department, à Quar.

termaster's Department, a Subsistence Department, a MeRobinson was personally like, he could. He and

dical Department, a Pay Department, and an Ordnance Mr. Crabbe Robinson once went to hear the well- Department, a Corps of Engineers, six cavalry, five artilknown Wm. Huntingdon preach, the notorious lery, and nineteen infantry regiments. S.S. It is, by the way, a curious illustration of

“ There are now seventy-one Major-Generals of volun

teers, and 194 Brigadier-Generals. that planing down to which I alluded at the

" The following is the present list of the military beginning, that Gorton's article has not a word geographical departments and their commanders :about S.S., the distinctive mark of the man. On

Department of the Tennessee-Major-General U. S. leaving, Mr. Nash said, in a tone of real mortifi- Grant. cation, “ I am very sorry I came here. I am sadly “ Department of the Cumberland-Major W. S. Roseafraid, from all I have heard of this man, that he

Department of the Ohio—Major-General A. E. Burn; and, of all the men I ever knew, dear

side. Robert Robinson was the very best. Now, they “ Department of New England-Major-General John are so alike, that it is quite shocking. He has | A. Dix. Robinson's voice, and his manner, and his style. " Department of the Gulf-Major-General Nathaniel

P. Banks. It is the very man over again. How two persons

“Departments of North Carolina and Virginia-Majorso different internally should be so alike exter. General John G. Foster. nally is quite a mystery!”

“ Department of the Northwest-Major-General John Perhaps this recapitulation may produce more Pope.

. authenticated anecdotes.

• Department of Washington-- Major-General S. P. A. DE MORGAN.

Heintzelman.

“ Department of the Mononghahela—Major-General W. T. H. Brooks.

“ Department of the Susquehanna-Major-General Darius N. Couch.

crans.

is a

66

66

“Department of Western Virginia—Brigadier-General And next (for he would cultivate diversity B. F. Kelley.

Of genius) the Dog cast the firm foundatior. “Department of New Mexico-Brigadier-General James Of a far-fam'd and learned university, H. Carleton.

Where every beast obey'd his own vocation; “Department of Key West-Brigadier-General J. M. And from old brutes, in various arts profess'd, Brannan.

Studied that art alone which pleas'd himn best. Department of Kansas-Major-General James G.

“ The tenure of this body was a charter, Blunt.

Renewable at each two hundred years; “ Middle Department-Major-General Robert C. Schenck.

Like that of company, enrolld for barter.Department of the South-Brigadier-General Q. A.

O Cambridge, nurse of Princes and of Peers ! Gillmore.

Thus renovated, thou would cease to doat, “ Department of Missouri-Major-General John M.

Nor thy cramm'd wranglers wrangle still by rote. Schofield.”

EDWARD PEACOCK.

“ But some prefer what goes against the grain,

Upon the principle we drive a pig;
And hence they say, that with immortal strain,

This Cambridge has been often big.
WILLIAM STEWART ROSE.

Has turn'd out Milton, Dryden, Prior, and Gray, This accomplished scholar, the translator of

Frere, Coleridge, and Lord Byron, in our day."

Canto ir. Stan. 48–51. Ariosto, the author of the Letters from the North of Italy, and the friend of Sir Walter Scott, Information respecting Mr. Rose and his works Canning, the Freres, Lord Holland, and Hallam, may be derived from Lockhart's Life of Scott ; is surely entitled to a place in any general bio- Scott's Introduction to the first canto of Margraphy.

mion; Quarterly Review, xxi. 486, 627; xxii. 357 ; In reply to an inquiry from a correspondent, xxvi. 191; xxx. 40, 151, 590 ; xxxiii

. 597 ; you state (3rd S. iv. 280) that Mr. Rose died xxxvi. 302, 603 ; lvi. 400; lviii. 465 ; lxiii. 131; April 30, 1843: referring to a biographical notice Lowndes's Bibl. Man., edit. Bohn, 386, 1334, of him prefixed to his translation of the Orlando 2129; Watt's Bihl. Brit.; Bodl. Cat., iii. 313 ; Furioso, in Bohn's Illustrated Library, and which Biogr. Dict. of Living Authors; Chambers's Cycl. was written by his friend the Rev. Charles Town- Eng. Lit., ii. 672; Muse Etonenses, edit. Herbert, ii. send, Rector of Kingston-upon-the-Sea.

149; Gent. Mag., lxxviii. 196 ; lxxxviii. (2) 446; It is surprising that Mr. Rose's death is not Lord Byron's Works (one vol. edit.), 25, 144, 530; recorded in the Gentleman's Magazine, the Annual Moore's Life of Byron (one vol. edit.), 377; and Register, or the Necrological Table of the Com- Martin's Bibl. Cat. of Privately Printed Books, panion to the Almanac.

(2nd edit.), 468. C. H. & THOMPSON COOPER. From Mr. Townsend's brief but able biographical sketch, we learn that after being educated at Eton, where he was distinguished, Mr. Rose

ORIGIN OF THE CARRIAGE CALLED “A FLY.” was for a short period at Cambridge.

It appears, from Mr. Stapylton's Eton School The London cab is elsewhere called “a Fly," Lists (a very useful work, which we think has not and I have frequently wondered what may have yet been noticed in your columns), that he was in been the origin of the name. For, although it the upper division of the fifth form at Eton in would seem that the name had been given to this 1791 and 1793. Mr. Stapylton gives only the vehicle from its flying, or having a greater speed initials of his Christian name, and seems to have than its predecessors; yet I have heard it said, on been unconscious of his literary eminence; but the contrary, that it was so called from its slow, mentions his contribution to Muse Etonenses. As crawling, fly-like movements. Indeed, such a he was never matriculated at Cambridge, we have connection existed between the vehicle and the had some difficulty in ascertaining his College. insect in the mind of a lady-friend of mine, who We find, however, that William Rose of Middle- had lived so long upon the continent as well nigh sex, from Eton, was admitted a pensioner of St. to forget her mother-tongue, that, having occasion John's College, March 3, 1794. His age is not to order a fly, and just at the moment not pregiven in the admission book. Notwithstanding cisely remembering the particularly insect whose this, and the suppression of the second Christian name she should use, she utterly confounded the name, yet, baving regard both to the date of the waiter of the hotel by requesting him to order a admission and his school, there can, we think, be beetle to be brought to the door to convey her to no reasonable doubt that the William Rose so the railway station. admitted is identical with the subject of this Again, I have heard that the word originated notice ; who, being born in 1775, would then be in slang, where “fly," as a verb, means “ to raise, about nineteen.

or lift;" and hence, one who “had a lift" in the The following curious allusions to the Univer- vehicle, would be said to ride in the fly. A resity of Cambridge occur in his “ Court and Par- ference to the Indices to the volumes of “ N. & Q." liament of Beasts :".

shows that the origin and meaning of this word

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