Imágenes de páginas

“Anno 165-, at - (Leek?) in the Moorelands, in Staf- lected eight horse-shoes to form a complete octave; had fordshire, lived a poor Old Man, who had been a long suspended each of them by a single cord clear from the time Lame. One Sunday in the Aftern., he being alone, wall, and with a small iron rod was amusing himself by one knock'd at his Door. He bade him open it, and imitating the chimes of Crediton. The dawning talent come in. The Stranger desir'd a Cup of Beer. The Lame of young Davy fortunately attracted the notice of the Man desir'd him to take a Dish and draw some, for he celebrated William Jackson, organist of Exeter Cathedral, was not able to do it himself. The Stranger ask'd the who had him removed from his humble station, and bepoor Old Man, how long he had been Ill? The poor came his gratuitous musical preceptor and friend during Man told him. Said the Stranger, “I can cure you; the remainder of his life. On the decease of his beneTake two or three Balm leaves steep'd in your Beer for factor, Mr. Davy was appointed his successor as organist a Fortnight or three Weeks, and you will be restor'd to of St. Peter's. Against the advice of his friends, our young your Health. But constantly and Zealously serve God!' composer quitted the western world, with the advantage The poor Man did so, and became perfectly well. This it afforded, for the sands and shoals of a metropolitan Stranger was in a Purple shag-gown, such as was not life. His talents procured him a permanent engageseen or known those parts; and nobody in the street ment in the orchestra of Covent Garden Theatre, and (after Even-song) did see any one in such a colour'd he became a very popular dramatic composer, but Habit. Dr Gilbert Sheldon (since Archbishop Canter- | he had not sufficient prudence in pecuniary matters to bury) was then in the Moorlands, and justified the truth provide against the ordinary contingencies of sickness of this to Elias Ashmole, Esq., from whom I had this and old age. As Davy was naturally of mild, amiable, account. And he hath inserted it in some of his memoirs, and unassuming manners, it is painful to find that which are in the Museum at Oxford.”

his last hours were uncheered by comfort, and that he Can any reader of “N. & Q.” furnish me with ended his days in penury without a friend to close his

eyes. He died on Sunday, Feb. 22, 1824, at his lodgings the key to the above reference?. One or two in May's Buildings, St. Martin's Lare, and his remains Oxford friends have searched in vain for it.

were interred on the following Saturday in St. Martin's

JOHN SLEIGH. churchyard. Biographical notices of Mr. Davy will be Thornbridge, Bakewell.

found in the Gentleman's Magazine for March, 1824, WILLIS OF KIRKOSWALD, co. CUMBERLAND.- graphical Dictionary of Musicians. ]

p. 280; the Somerset House Gazette, i. 350; and BioIs there ground for the assertion that this family (yeomen farmers) descended from Sir Thomas RING SAID TO BE OF MARY, QUEEN OF Scots.Willis

, who was a Knight elect of the Royal Oak, Can any of your readers inform me for certain and to whom the motto “ Semper Fidelis," with what British queen is indicated by the armorial an augmentation to the crest (a stag) of "an oak bearings delineated on the accompanying impresbranch fructed or," was granted by King Charles ? sions ? The seal from which they are struck, Branches of the above family are now seated in being a fac-simile, made about sixty years ago, London, N. S. Wales, Victoria, and Tasmania, of one which was long in the possession of a noble also in British India.

J. M.C. B.

family of Scotland, but which I understand has Hobart Town.

been lost (to them, at least,) about forty years, is a small cornelian of lozenge shape, affixed to a

golden finger-ring. Not having sufficient techQueries with answers.

nical knowledge on the subject, nor being en

dowed with microscopic eyes, I will not attempt John Davy.—Can you give me any particulars to define all the minute and crowded heraldic of this musical composer ? He died at the age of devices which the shield (which is of the usual fifty-nine, in St. Martin's Lane, London. Amongst characteristic figure) exhibits : my object being his compositions were, “ The Bay of Biscay,” and to induce others, more competent, to identify and “The Death of the Smuggler." "I should be glad explain them. I may, however, here state that to be referred to some account of his early life.

the English royal three lions, the Scottish lion, T. B.

and a harp, are clearly visible; that the letters [John Davy was born of humble parentage in the "M. R." appear respectively on either side ; and parish of Upton Helion, eight miles from Exeter, in the that an imperial crown surmounts the whole. year 1765. From his very early infancy he discovered a

Were it not for the harp (most probably symmost remarkable musical bias. When between four and five years of age, his ear was so very correct that he bolising Ireland), this signet-ring might be precould play any easy tune after once or twice hearing it.

sumed to have been executed for, and worn by At an early age he was placed under the care of a black- Mary, Queen of Scots, while in France; as tradismith or farrier, for the purpose of working his way tion had frequently (but, I believe, erroneously) through life by that laborious employment. But his foster parent, Nature, had destined him for a more con

affirmed of it. Indeed, I have seen allusions to genial pursuit. Instead of studying the toilsome mys

the original as such in print; and, if I am not teries of Vulcan, he amused himself at every convenient mistaken, in “N. & Q.," about a year since. A opportunity by "ringing the changes” on horse-shoes. high authority has latterly suggested that it may His master, on one occasion, hearing some musical sounds, have belonged to Mary of Modena, when widow which seemed to come from the upper part of the house, of King James II. proceeded up stairs, where he discovered our young musi

T. A. H. cian with some of his missing property between the [The arms on the seal are: 1. France and England ceiling of the garret and the thatched roof. He had se- quarterly; 2. Scotland; 3. Ireland ; 4. France and Eng. land quarterly; which are the royal arms of England as 194, and used 8,530,396 stamps; the Scotch provincial borne by all the Stuarts; but, as depicted on the seal, are papers 54, using 2,654,438; and the Irish 78, using the arms of a queen regnant, as Queen Anne might have 5,144,582 stamps. From an earlier return, No. 548, of borne them - but then the initials “ M. R." will not do. Session 1830, we learn that, in the year 1829, there were The initial of James I.'s wife was “ A.”; those of Charles issued to thirty-one of the principal journals issued in I.'s, “ H. M."; Charles II.'s, “C."; and James II.'s “M." London, 17,996,275 stamps - The Times alone using But Mary of Modena could not have borne them with- 3,275,311, and paying for stamp duty 54,5881. 10s. 4d. out her own arms impaled. If intended to pass for We do not think that our correspondent will succeed in the seal of Mary, Queen of Scots, it is obviously one of obtaining any accurate or official return of the circulation the many attempts to fabricate a seal for Mary Stuart. of the newspapers now published in London.] The insertion of the arms of Ireland, exposes the blun

John CANNE.dering of the attempt. Our correspondent will find some communications upon the supposed seal of Mary, Queen

“ A Necessitie of Separation from the Church of Engof Scots in our 1st Š. vi. 36, 111, 210.]

land proved by Nonconformist Principles. By John

Canne, Pastor of the Ancient English Church in AmBERMUDA.-What book gives the best and ful- sterdam." lest account of Bermuda, especially as regards its climate, and present sanitary condition ?

Can any reader of “N. & Q." inform me when SELRAHE.

and where the book was published, and whether

anything is known of the author ? C. K. [As no work is known to us which treats expressly on the climate of the Bermudas, we may as well give some

[Jobn Canne was originally a minister of the Church of the conflicting opinions advanced by different writers of England, but subsequently joined the Brownists, and is respecting it:

said to have succeeded Henry Ainsworth as teacher of a “The Summer Islands are situated near the latitude of congregation at Amsterdam. All that is known of his thirty-three degrees: no part of the world enjoys a purer personal history will be found in Wilson's History of Disair, or a more temperate climate-the great ocean which senting Churches, iv. 125—136; Brook's Lives of the environs them at once moderating the heat of the south Puritans, iii. 332; Hanbury's Memorials, i. 515; and Dr. winds, and the severity of the north-west. Sach a lati. Worthington's Diary, i. 266. Soon after the meeting of tade on the Continent might be thought too hot; but the

the Long Parliament, he returned to England, and ultiair in Bermuda is perpetually fanned and kept cool by mately subsided into a fifth monarchy man. After the sea-breezes (as is affirmed by persons who have long Restoration he returned to Amsterdam, where he comlived there) of one equal tenor, almost throughout the mitted to the press the third edition of his Bible in 1664. whole year, like the latter end of a fine May; insomuch, When his death took place is unknown. His work, A that it is resorted to as the Montpelier of America.”—

Necessitie of Separation, was most probably printed at Bp. Berkeley's Works, 1837, p. 390.

Amsterdam in 1634, 4to.]
Wm. Frith Williams, in his Historical and Satirical
Account of the Bermudas, 1848, p. 159, is of opinion that

MERKYATE CELL. - Could you inform me of Berkeley's account is a little exaggerated. He says: any book in which there is an account of Merkyate “ The south winds in Bermuda are moist and very op- Cell, near Dunstable? It is a haunted house; pressive. The official returns of the deaths among the and there is an ancient rhyme concerning it, which prisoners, confined as they are to the unwholesome at

runs thus mosphere of the hulks, and the troops, prove the place to be remarkably unhealthy."

“ By the town there is a cell, “ The climate of the Bermudas is mild, genial, and

By the cell there is a well, salubrious, though somewhat humid during a south

By the well there is a tree, wind.” — Knight's English Cyclopædia, “Geography,”

Under the tree the treasure be." i. 1049.

It was here that the notorious Lady Ferrers “ The climate of the Bermudas is by no means healthy, lived. She was found dead, pierced with wounds, and only a short residence is necessary to foster the

upon the threshold of a secret stair. The door germs of constitutional disease. typhus are often destructive. In 1853 the former of these leading to the staircase was subsequently walled diseases made dreadful ravages.” Encyc. Britannica, up. The present owner caused it to be opened: 8th edit. iv. 668.

he had to strike the first blows with the pickaxe, “ The climate is delightful, a perpetual spring clothing as not one of the workmen would venture to raise the fields and trees in perpetual verdure." — Blackie's a hand for the purpose.

G.S. C. Gazetteer, 1856, i. 390.]

[The best account known to us of the Priory of St. NEWSPAPERS.— What was the number of news. Trinity in the Wood, otherwise Merkyate Cell, is in Clutpapers in the United Kingdom thirty years ago ? terbuck's Hertfordshire, i. 346-348. ] And what is the number at the present time ? HENRY HOWARD, third son of Thomas, Earl of

What was the circulation of London news- Berkshire, was Governor of Malmsbury for the papers thirty years ago ? And what is their pre

King in 1643. He married Elizabeth, widow of sent circulation ?


John, Lord Craven, and daughter to William [Much interesting information on this subject will be Lord Spencer. When did he die? In Waylen's fonnd in a return made to the House of Commons on History of Marlborough, p: 201, he is erroneously February 27, 1840 (Sess. No. 88), by which we learn called eldest son of the Earl of Berkshire. that, in the year ending Sept. 1836 (the nearest period to that named by our correspondent), the number of

S. Y. R. London Newspapers was_71 – to which were issued [According to Allen's History of the County of Lincoln, 19,241,640 stamps. The English provincial papers were ii. 110, Henry Howard died in 1663, and a tablet to J.

his memory is in the chancel of Revesby church, co. Lin- “ Them ashes over the common has coln. The date of his death in Henry Howard's History tiine to warm up a bit on this side.”. After the

cold; it's

got of the Howard Family, p. 59, is 1683, but we take this to be a misprint.]

second fire, wages rose again. With such en

couragement, it is not surprising that “ Swing “CARFINDO.” – What is the meaning of this was active. Sometimes the farmer himself, when word, which I find in one of Dibdin's songs ? handsomely insured, was “ Swing." (Sea Songs and Ballads, 1863, p. 30.) An old That was a time of wild expectation. The friend of mine, fond of singing these ballads, labourers hoped to divide the land; the farmers always used the word carpenter

to pay no more rent, or only “ what was reason“My friend he was a carpenter,

able"; but I think the parcelling out all England On board of a king's ship.”

into eight acres for each family was a subsequent

project. [Dibdin says, that this word (Carfindo), clearly a cor- Among the pamphlets of the time which are ruption of carpenter, occasioned him at least forty anony.

now becoming scarce are, The Life of Francis mous letters.--Songs

, fe., edited by George Hogarth, Swing, the Kent Rick-burner Lond. 1830 (Carlile), 1842, p. 112.]

pp. 24, and The Genuine Life of Mr. Francis MustachE.- What is the derivation of mus- Swing, Lond. 1831 (Cock), pp. 24. The first is tache ? I find Webster spells it moustache. John- ably written in a clear homely style, setting out son has mustaches, or mustachoes. Prof. Sullivan, the wrongs of the poor and the selfishness of the in his Spelling Book superseded, has spelt it as I rich. The sufferings of " Swing” are told with have done.

E. L. irritating power; and if the book was much cir[Richardson, in his Dictionary derives mustache (for so

culated, it most likely did mischief. He sets the he spells it), and mustachio, from the Greek uúotat - the parson's baggard on fire by accident, and after upper lip, and hair growing upon it. Gascoyne, the describing the fright to himself, he says: earliest writer whom he quotes, speaks of “mustachyos,” and Milton of "inustachios." Much curious information

" I immediately left the place, and the next morning on the subject will be found in Fairholt's Costuine in journeyed homewards, begging for subsistence along the England, s. v. “ Beard” and “ Moustache."]

road. Everywhere I went I heard of fires and notices signed 'Swing.' • How happens this?' thought I. 'I am not the author of those burnings. What can have

caused them?' A few minutes' reflection on the history Replies.

of my own life, which without any alteration may stand for that of thousands of others, enabled me to give my.

self a satisfactory answer. • Those fires,' said I, are SWING.

caused by farmers having been turned out of their lands (3rd S. iv. 271, 334.)

to make room for foxes; peaceable people assembled to

petition Parliament butchered by the military; peasants I remember that in the newspapers and period confined two years in prison for picking up a dead paricals of 1830 to 1833, the “swing" fires were often tridge; English labourers set up to auction like slaves,

and treated as beasts of burden; and pluralist parsons ascribed to "revolutionary propagandists” and taking a poor man's only cow for tithe of his cabbage bands of incendiaries, who did their work scien- garden. These are the things that have caused the tifically.. I inquired carefully, and had good op- burnings, and not the unfortunate · Swing.'"-P. 24. portunities of getting at the truth ; but I never found any wider motive than personal hatred, or

The second “ Life" is also an autobiography. the hope of raising wages, nor any higher science

Swing" confesses that he is the author of most than was necessary for lighting a pipe. I held

of the fires and threatening letters. He had good several briefs for the prosecution, and two or

parents, a good landlord, and was well brought three for the prisoners in cases of arson, and I up; but he began with poaching, and was drawn watched many more. I was also a director of a

on to rick-burning and other crimes by his friend fire-insurance office, which, I believe, suffered as

Jones. He was haunted by a ghost in the shape much as any by " Swing. We inquired much,

of an old woman, and to free himself from the and the result confirmed the opinion which I had spectre, at Jones' persuasion he sold himself 10 formed on circuit.

the devil. At the time of writing, he is going At that time there was much excitement

about, in his own gig, with Jones, distributing

among labourers, and fear in the employers. Very often incendiary letters and setting ricks on fire. The the wages of a whole parish' were raised after a

writing of this pamphlet is good, but the matter fire. In an Oxfordshire village, the name of which

was so absurd that in a few days after its publicaI do not now remember, some ricks had been tion it was suppressed, and a new edition issued burned, and wages rose about a week after. In

without a ghost.

An InxER TEMPLAR. about six months they were lowered again, and another fire speedily followed. One of the pri- The leader of the Swing outrages was dubbed soners charged with this was proved to have said, a “ Captain,” ex. gr. :

“A note sent up from Kent to show me,

Left with my bailiff, Peter King;
• I'll burn them precious stacks down, blow me!

(3rd S. iv. 246.)
Yours most sincerely,

I have to thank EIRIONNACH, MR. DE MORGAN, Capraix Swing.'”

and J. C. H. for their responses to my query My Letters, by Ingoldsby.

concerning the Devil; and as I gather from “ The neighbours thought all was not right,

various communications which have reached me Scarcely one with him ventured to parley, And Captain Swing came in the night,

privately that the subject interests many, I beg And burnt all his beans and his barley."

more definitely to announce that shortly I hope to The Babes in the Wood, by Ingoldsby. publish a volume on “ The Temptation of Our CUTUBERT Bede. Lord," being a portion, independent and so sepa

rable, of a larger work, to which I propose to dePOTHEEN.

vote the leisure of a goodly number of years. I

am not aware that in our own, or in any other (3rd S. iv. 188, 278.)

language, there exists anything like a worthy, I have some doubts whether the barley wine, that is adequate, out-thinking of the subject of which is often alluded to by the ancients, was the Existence, Personality, and Attributes of the always of the same potent quality as our potheen. Being variously designated in our English Bible, Does not the following allusion to it in Aschylus the Devil

, Satan, and the like. There have been (Suppl. 929, ed. Scholefield, 1830), seem to speak many fugitive papers and compilations of the sort of it as if it had more of the deadening effects of indicated by EIRIONNACH; but as a whole, the our beer:

subject is virgin — by whole, meaning all belonging 'Αλλ' άρσενάς τοι τησδε γης οικήτορας

to it, outside as well as inside of Revelation, early Ευρήσετ' ου πίνοντας εκ κριθών μέθυ.

and present, beathen and Christian and antiThe king here contrasts the enlivening and in- Christian, in Religious, semi-Religious, Traditions, spiriting effects of generous Greek wine with the Legends, Superstitions, Philosophies, Language, stupefying barley decoction of Egypt. Is this the Literature, and Art. I bave set it before myself earliest allusion to barley wine in Greek authors ?

to try to write such a book; and if I at all apHas anyone of our intoxicating liquors the effect proximate to my ideal, I indulge the hope that of making the drunken always to fall on their not only will many portions of Holy Scripture be back as Aristotle (Athenæus, x. 447, c.) assures us elucidated, but likewise light shed upon departwas invariably the case with those who drank to

ments of the Philosophy of the Human Mind and excess of barley wine ? He adds, that those in.

processes of thought and belief, of the last intoxicated with other inebriating liquors, topple all of value which others bave written wherever I

terest. It is my purpose, too, to bring together over in any direction. The Pæonians of Thrace called it Bpúrov. Are we to go back to these people

can find it, from the earliest Classics of Paganism for the origin of the word " bree," as exemplified men, Divines, orthodox and heretic; Church and

on through the Christian Fathers and the Schoolin Burns “And ay we'll taste the barley bree? ”

Puritan, Philosophers and Poets and Scholars. I It is no doubt the Anglo-Saxon briew, and Ger

need hardly say that it will be my endeavour to man bruhe, and the cognate verb brauen, to brew, intend no mere light literature, much less a

be thorough and at the same time reverent. I The Spaniards had a liquor which they called celia (Flor. ii. 18), made of triticum, wheat. . Of literary or art references or suggestions, will be

sensation” book. Any books, larger or lesser, what was their ceria (Plin. xxii. 82, ed. Lemaire) gratefully acknowledged. That any wishing to made ? Ought we to read cedria, as has been correspond on the subject may know my address, suggested? Cidler meant originally all kinds of I displacer by my name, &c. in full, strong drinks except wine, though it is now re

Rev. A. B. GROSART. stricted to the juice of apples. It is the sidra of

1st Manse, Kinross, N.B. the Italians, the sidre or cidre of the French. The Italians of the middle ages may have got the

P.S.—The following tractate having been sent word from their intercourse with the eastern

me through the Editor of “ N. & Q.," I am parts of the Mediterranean. It may be the sicera, anxious to thank the donor, and to ask if any which is said in the Hebrew tongue to signify any

reader can oblige me with any information con

“ second" intoxicating liquor. Are there any words in He. cerning its author? I cannot trace a brew connected with sicera? Pliny refers to the part* spuma, froth, which appears on all the beverages which he is mentioning. This suits our ale and [* The Second Part appeared in 1799, and was entitled beer, but scarcely our potheen. According to

“On the Political and Moral Uses of an Evil Spirit.'

Mr. Leycester, who was Barrister-at-Law of Lincoln's Inn, Hellanicus, Bpútov was made of roots. What is

had a few years before tried his skill at irony to amend the root beer of the Americans ? C.T. RAMAGE. the shortcomings of his contemporaries, by publishing

“ A Disputation in Logic, arguing the Moral and Re- but a research among the MSS. at Newburgh ligious Uses of a Devil. Book the First. By George Hall might repay the trouble. The compiler of Hanmer Leycester, A.M., of Merton College, Oxford. London, 1797, 8vo, pp. 45.

Vallis Eboracensis might be able to give useful information. The work was published at Easing

T. B. In these days of light literature, it is quite a wold, 1852. relief to find a person entering upon so wide a BINDING A STONE IN A SLING (350 S. iv. 9.)-I field as that which c. has proposed to himself, in- cannot help thinking that a good deal of erudition volving the terrible problem of the origin of evil bas been rather wasted on this subject, and that and the mysteries of the unseen world.

the meaning of the phrase may be more literal In the work of J. G. Mayer, mentioned by than has been suspected. We know very little EIRIONNACH, C. will find numerous references to

of these early weapons; but there seems every earlier treatises. There is also a work, in Ger- probability that the stone or other missile was man, by G. F. Meyer, and a folio volume in Eng- bound," that is, secured in its place till the lish by Heywood, on the Hierarchy of Angels and

moment of its discharge by some contrivance or the fall of Lucifer. This book was published in other. It is, I believe, in the Museum at Bou1635. And it would be curious to inquire to logne, that an ancient sling is preserved, with a what extent Milton has availed himself of it.

rather complicated mechanical apparatus of iron Among the writers by whom the existence of for this purpose. Thus, the slinger might carry the Devil is looked upon in a negative point of bis weapon loaded, without risk of losing the view, I may mention Dr. Bekker, in his Bezau- stone; just as the bolt was “bound" in an arblast, berte Welt, published at Amsterdam in 1673. by a spring of horn, which fixed it in its place till And Ashdowne, in his attempt to show that the discharged, when the resistance was overcome by common opinion is not founded in Scripture, the liberated string. W. J. BERNHARD SMITH. 1791. I also find, in Dr. Geddes's Critical Remarks on the Hebrew Scriptures (vol. i. p. 43), an

A Goose TENURE (3rd S. iv. 268.)-Your coressay of Eichhorn's on "Primæval History," re- respondent will be interested to know that in a ferred to, as clearly showing that the writer of record, dated 1471, there is mention made of a Genesis had no idea of such a being. MELETES. John De la Hay; who was bound to give William

Barnaby, Lord of Lastres, in the county of Here

ford, for a parcel of demesne lands, one goose, fit LAURENCE STERNE (3rd S. iv. 363.) – It might the Archangel. From the following extracts from

for the lord's dinner, on the Feast of St. Michael be worth while for P. F. to apply to the Rev. Geo. Scott, of Coxwold, who, I believe, is still living: pear, that a goose was a common present on

G. Gascoigne's Poems (4to, 1575), it would apMr. Thos. Gill, in his Vallis Eboracensis, gives a piece of poetry by Sterne, which has not appeared, Michaelmas Day from the tenant to the land

lord : so far as I can find, in any of his works. It is entitled “ The Unknown 0. Verses occasioned by

“ And when the tenauntes come to paie their quarter's

rent, hearing a Pass-bell." Mr. Gill states that the poem

They bring some fowle at Midsummer, a dish of fish at “has been handed down in succession from the

Lent: composer to the reverend gentlemen who have At Christmasse, a capon; at Michaelmas, a goose ; succeeded him in the living of Coxwold, and And somewhat else at New Yeare's Tide, for fear their through the kindness of the Rev. George Scott is

lease flie loose."

W. I. S. HORTON. now presented to the public.” It is not unlikely that other MS. documents of the author of Tris.

EXPEDITION TO CARTHAGENA (3rd S. iv. 165, tram Shandy may be in his possession, or in the 309.)-Not not long before Smollett's pamphlet, possession of families in the neighbourhood. Sterne there appeared :resided at Shandy Hall for seven years, and seems

· An Authentick Account of the Taking of by his own letters to have been a special favourite Carthagena by the French in ... 1697. By the Sieur among the gentry. The present generation know Pointis, Commander. in-Chief. Second Edition. London, nothing of him, or of his bistory, or even works ; | 1740. 8vo. Price, sewed, 1s. 6d.; bound, 2s." Pp. 86.

JOSEPH Rix, M.D. “ Some Observations on the Inconvenience of the Ten St. Neot's. Commandments," 8vo, 1795; in which he endeavoured to show, “that the Ten Commandments which Moses LANDSEER'S “FABLE OF THE MONKEY" (3rd S. brought down with him out of the burning mountain iii. 448.).—Mr. Staunton may gain a clue to the some time since, are not only of no sort of use, but a very present locus in quo of Landseer's picture—“The pleasures.” Dr. John Hildrop, the Rector of Wath, had, Monkey who has seen the World- by learning however, previously availed himself of this experiment that it was engraved by Gibbon for Allan Cunfor the reformation of his parishioners in his “ Proposal ningham's beautiful gift-book, The Anniversary for Revising, &c. the Ten Commandments,” 1754.--Ed.] (8vo, 1829); and that thanks are given in the

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