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SCALDING THURSDAY (3rd S. iv. 320.)-The date being Sept. 24, I presume that Scalding Thursday was a homely term for the day of preparation for that high-day Michaelmas, when the victim goose was scalded, plucked, and hung. A week's hanging is the rule for a goose.
JOHN CANNE (3rd S. iv. 397.)-A reprint of the Necessity of Separation, edited by the Rev. Charles Stovel, was published by the Hanserd Knollys Society in 1849, 8vo. The original title is given, the date of which is 1634. A very long and interesting introduction by the editor includes a chronological list of his works (in which is given Stevens' conjectural date of Canne's death, 1667), a list of works consulted, and a variety of curious information which might interest C. K.
PISCINE NEAR ROODLOFTS (3rd S. iv. 270, 361.) There appears to be some difference of opinion amongst your correspondents as to the probability of a piscina being situated near a roodloft; after duly considering the subject, however, I am inclined to think that the one at Maxey is a genuine piscina. In the first place it is a well known fact, that though piscinas are for the most part found in the chancel, yet they are frequently met with at the eastern ends of the aisles, of the nave, and elsewhere. And also that, although we may generally conclude from the appearance of a piscina that an altar formerly existed there, this does not universally apply; as e. g. piscina found in vestries where the officiating priest washed his hands before putting on his robes; and again, in the case of the high altar, Arundel Church, Sussex. Piscina were frequently added into structures of an earlier date. This I have elsewhere shown to be the case with reference to roodlofts themselves. We meet occasionally also with a piscina in a crypt, as the one of Norman character in the crypt of Gloucester Cathedral. JOHN BOWEN ROWLANDS. EIKON BASILIKE (3rd S. iii. 128, 179, 220, 254, 339.) The accompanying inscription will interest some correspondents who have written on this subject; and is, I think, worthy of a niche in "N. & Q.," in order to preserve it, otherwise it will soon be forgotten.
The inscription in question was painted on the south wall of the chancel of Handborough Church, in the county of Oxford-a benefice in the gift of the President and Fellows of St. John's College in that University-but has now been obliterated owing to the walls of the chancel having been scraped. The author of it is supposed to have been Richard Baylie, President of St. John's and Rector of Handborough, who was connected with Archbishop Laud by marriage. He was displaced during the time of Cromwell; but subse
ROBERT WALLACE (3rd S. iv. 395.)—The Rev. Robert Wallace died at Bath, May 13, 1850, soon after the publication of his elaborate and very learned work, Antitrinitarian Biography. S. Y. R. is mistaken in supposing that Mr. Wallace had just completed his studies under the Rev. C. Wellbeloved. He quitted his college in 1815. From that year till 1840 he resided at Chesterfield. He then filled for six years the office of Theological Professor at Manchester, and the remainder of his life he spent at Bath. Mr. Wallace's other publications were a few single sermons and lectures, and two papers: one on "The English Verb," delivered before the Philosophical Society at Chesterfield, 1832; the other, "On the Ictis of Diodorus Siculus, read before the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester, 1845." JEROM MURCH.
Cranwells, near Bath.
JULIAN BUSBY (3rd S. iv. 348.)—Julian Busby, the third son of Dr. Busby, was admitted a student of Lincoln's Inn on July 15, 1813, and at the Inner Temple on November 8, 1822. He was called to the bar in Michaelmas Term, 1822. He died in Dr. Sutherland's Lunatic Asylum, Jan. 27, 1850. The above is from the books of the Inner Temple, and is most likely correct. The Law List, 1842, gives his call Michaelmas, 1827. Personal recollections without notes are not much to be relied on against printed matter, but I have a strong impression that I saw him in a wig, in Hilary Term, 1827. I found him on the Oxford circuit when I joined it in 1828. His age was a matter of doubt, and provocative of small facetiæ. He looked dry and old when I first saw him, and twenty years made no perceptible difference in his
appearance. When sworn in at the Court of King's Bench, he knew the oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, and recited them a word or two in advance of the officer of the court. The juvenile barristers were puzzled at this knowledge, and one said, "Probably he had a hand in drawing the oaths." I do not think he could have been "Dr." Julian Busby in 1811, or that he ever graduated as Mus. D.; but he was a pleader many years before his call to the bar, and a music-master before he was a pleader. He was a poor speaker in banco, and worse to a jury, but a sound lawyer, and a man of good reading. was kind, generous, and strictly honourable; and though his mind, like his body, seemed to belong to an age when the circuit leaders were little boys, he was an agreeable companion when he abstained from punning. He had a large junior business for a few years, but it gradually fell away, and signs of insanity began to be noticed, I think, about 1842. He was a first-rate musician, and one
evening at Serjeant Talfourd's, while at the piano, and quadrilles were going on, he suddenly diverged into the overture of La Clemenza di Tito," and was angry that the dancers would not adapt themselves to such good music. It became necessary to put him under restraint, and it was found that he had exhausted the savings of his music and pleading, having given more than he had spent. The Benchers of the Inner Temple placed him at Dr. Sutherland's, where he had a piano, and my worthy and kind friend, the late William Whately, often called to see that he was comfortable, and, I believe, always found him so. AN INNER TEMPLAR.
BLAIR'S "GRAVE" (3rd S. iv. 392.). John Kitto (afterwards the celebrated Dr. K.), in his Essays and Letters, Plymouth, n.d., written, for the most part, while yet a poor pauper lad, says, under the head of "Desultory Reflections," that he had repeatedly perused Mickle's Pollio with undiminished interest, and remarks that a passage in it bears a great resemblance to that in Blair's Grave, which is the subject of J. M.'s communication, adding that the idea conveyed by both is borrowed from the older poet Norris.
Dr. Anderson, in his edition of the Poetical Works of Blair, 1802, had previously pointed out other borrowings from Quarles, and, curiously enough, from an obscure poem entitled Freedom, 1730, by the famous And. Brice, of Exeter. My object is not, however, so much with the plagiarisms of Blair as with the circumstances connected with the original publication of The Grave, which J. M. has apparently forgotten. We are not told that this successful poem was ever offered to the Edinburgh publishers, but we find the author had misgivings as to its merit, and preferred submitting his MS. to Dr. Isaac Watts, who not only
stamped it with his approval, but brought about its publication in London not without difficulty. The first edition of The Grave is no doubt an interesting article for the poetical collector. I have got as near it as the second, 8vo, pp. 45. London: Printed for M. Fenner, 1743. The original, bearing the title, "The Grave, a Poem by Rob. Blair, the house appointed for all living," is a quarto, pp. 39, Lond. Printed for M. Cooper, at the Globe in Paternoster Row, 1743, and is in the British Museum. The public appreciation of the poem is marked by its immediate reprint. There were at least five editions of the poem in London before that of Edinburgh, 1747, called by your correspondent the first. A. G.
GREEK PHRASE (3rd S. iv. 319, 339.)-The expression aroσevdov@σa Xídous is found in Diodorus Siculus, book iii. chap. xxvii. of Wesseling's edit. Bipont. 1793; and in the same edition arooperdova
Aílovs is found at lib. ii. c. 50. In the Vatican iv. 37) copies the account of the ostrich from Dimanuscript άopevdovíče is read. Ælian (Nat. An. odorus, but uses upevdova. The word will be found de communibus notitiis, c. viii. in the edition of in another passage of Plutarch (Adversus Stoicos Wyttenbach, Oxon. 1795) & Aíxas vñò тoû 'Нpaкλéovs mopedováuevos. Diodorus states in these passages sued, throws back with its feet, as from a sling, that the ostrich (Strutho camelus) when it is purstones as large as the fist, and with such force as apocryphal, or can it be substantiated by the to knock down the pursuing horseman. Is this experience of any of your readers? Xenophon (Anab. i. 5) gives a description of the mode of catching the bird without alluding to this power in its feet. Claudian (in Eutrop. ii. 310) seems to hint to something of the kind: "Vasta velut Libyæ venantum vocibus ales
Cum premitur, calidas cursu transmittit arenas." C. T. RAMAGE. THE EARL OF SEFTON (3rd S. iv. 317, 403.) — I do not see any reason why one or two correspondents seem to be angry with an assertion which I made, that an Earl of Sefton was a Catholic clergyman, which assertion is true. R. W. D. says I was unfortunate in my reference. I fear he is more unfortunate when he states that my reference was to the first Earl of Sefton. I never said the first earl, as he will see if he looks to the note, but an earl. As accuracy is everything, I trust the Editor will insert this to set me right, and I have done with a point that has seemed to raise the ire of other correspondents. Why should the fact put anyone in ill humour? S. REDMOND. Liverpool.
ORIENTAL QUERIES (3rd S. iv. 394.)-1. The zarf is used in Turkey, according to Murray's Hand-Book for Turkey (p. 31), and for which Urquhart's Spirit of the East is the authority.
2. The Christians at Antioch claim St. Peter for their first bishop (Etheridge, p. 24), and the cock is his emblem.
3. The author of the Nighiaristan says that Nicephorus, Emperor of the Greeks, gave Haroun Raschid many excellent swords, which Haroun cut through the middle with his sword Samsamah. He had this sword from Amrou-ebn-Maadi-Carb, by whose name it is best known (D'Herbelot, ii. 207). This is the only sword of Haroun known to history.
4. The correct, or, in speaking of the spelling of oriental terms in English, the most usual mode is yataghan, not yatighan (Hyde Clarke's Dictionary.)
5. Under the head "Sanscrit Language and Literature" (Penny Cyc. xx. 397), the Pali is described as the oldest of the Indian dialects, and that
which deviates least from the Sanscrit. See Adelung's Mithridates (i. 176) under the title, Bali.
Hindustani is also derived from the Sanscrit, but is mixed with Arabic and Persian. (Penny Cyc., xii. 228.) T. J. BUCKTON. NORMANDY (3rd S. iv. 372.)—Charles the Simple concluded a treaty at St. Clair-sur-Epte, in the year 912, with Rollo, by which he abandoned that part of Neustria which extended from the rivers Andelle and Aure to the ocean, adding part of the Vexin situate between the rivers Andelle and Epte, as also Bretagne. See Koch, Tableau des Révolutions (i. 86), and the authorities, Duchesne, Pontoppidan, and Langebeck, to whom he refers; also Sismondi (iii. 328), and his authorities. T. J. BUCKTON.
SMITH OF NEVIS (3rd S. iv. 104.)-C. E. S. is exploring a dangerous region of heraldic error. Armorial bearings in the colonies, even more than in England, are to be received with extreme caution, for they rarely stand the test of a reference to the legal authorities on the subject. S.
certain stipend shall be alloted to the incumbent and clerk, and any surplus, after payment of such stipend and expenses, shall be invested for the purpose-1. Of purchasing a house for the incumbent; and, 2. For augmenting his stipend, reducing the pew rents, or increasing the accommodation of the church (59 Geo. III. c. 134, ss. 26 & 27.) On this subject consult also Burn's Ecclesiastical Law (i. 358-367, 9th edit.), and Cripp's Law of Church and Clergy (book iii. chap. iii. 2nd edit.) WYNNE E. BAXTER.
THE BUFFS (3rd S. iv. 403.) — The tradition that the Third Foot received the name of "The Buffs" from their belts having at first been made of buffalo hide is not supported by history; and that the regiment received its title owing to its having worn leather in the Peninsula, on account
of the clothing having been worn out, is also without any solid foundation. This designation arose from the uniform being lined and faced with buff, and from the waistcoats, breeches, and stockings being of that colour. In 1684 occurs the earliest notice of this peculiarity, the uniform being described as scarlet lined with flesh or ash colour, with the other portions of the dress above mentioned of the same tint, which must have been a light buff. The regiment still retains this timehonoured title, and its facings continue to be buff. The uniform was never faced with leather. THOMAS CARter.
PEW RENTS (3rd S. iv. 373.) - Before the Re-in formation no seats devoted to particular persons were allowed, and at the present day no property in pews can be obtained by the general ecclesiastical law. Pew rents exist in the case of churches built either by special Act of Parliament, or under the provisions of the Church Building Acts, the principal of which are 58 Geo. III. c. 45; 59 Geo. III. c. 134; 3 Geo. IV. c. 72; 1 & 2 Will. IV. c. 38; 6 & 7 Vict. c. 37; and 8 & 9 Vict. c. 70; and a complete list may be found in Stephen's Commentaries (iii. 116, 5th edit.) A summary of their provisions is contained in Prideaux's Duties of Churchwardens (chap. iv. § 1, 9th edit.) By those Acts the churchwardens have the whole manage- | ment of the letting of the pews, and are the proper persons to sue in default of payment. The commissioners, however, determine the amount to be paid by the parishioners, and may direct that a
The ring was believed to indicate to the person who wore it the proximity of poison by perspiring and changing colour. Fenton, who wrote 1569, says:
toads, a stone they call borax or stelon, used as a ring, "There is to be found in the heads of old and great gives forewarning against venom. Its composition is not accurately known; by some it is thought to be a stone, by others a shell; but of whatever it may be formed, there is to be seen in it a figure resembling that of a
Albertus Magnus says: "The stone always bears the figure on its surface when taken out of the toad's head." The lines of Shakspeare are of course well known to every reader. Ben Jonson in The Fox (Act II. Sc. 3, Corvino), has
"Or were you enamour'd on his copper rings, His saffron jewel, with the toadstone in't?" And Lyly, in his Euphues, says: "The foul toad hath a faire stone in his head." W. I. S. HORTON.
NOTES ON BOOKS, ETC.
Industrial Biography. Iron Workers and Tool Makers. By Samuel Smiles. (Murray.)
He must be a bold man who would prophesy of any book by the author of Self Help, that it would go nigh to rival in popularity that admirable Manual. Yet one glance at the book before us, so rich in biographical notices of the great "artificers in brass and iron," to whom, under Providence, this country owes so much of its material greatness, will show that Zadkiel might give utterance to such a prediction without much risk of damaging his reputation; for all who desire to know something of the Dudleys, Yarrantons, Huntsmans, Corts, Neilsons, Bramahs, Maudslays, Whitworths, Nasmyths, &c., who have brought our reputation as the great manufacturers of the world to its present height, will here find their instructive stories told in Mr. Smiles's agreeable and pleasant style.
Historia et Cartularium Monasterii Sancti Petri Gloucestria. Vol. I. Edited by William Henry Hart, of the Public Record Office. Published under the Direction of the Master of the Rolls. (Longman.)
The Monastery of St. Peter, Gloucester, the Chartulary of which is here printed for the first time, was founded in the year 681, not long after the kingdom of Mercia had received the true faith. The history of the Monastery from its foundation to the early part of the reign of Richard the Second, namely, to the Abbacy of Walter Froncester (1381-1412), as preserved in two MSS. of the fifteenth century, one at Queen's College, Oxford, and another among the Cottonian MSS. in the British Museum, forms a fitting Introduction to the Chartulary itself; and the Editor has devoted the Introduction of the present volume to the consideration and illustration of this interesting document. The work is one which will greatly interest all Gloucestershire antiquaries; and we congratulate the Master of the Rolls on having so valuable a contribution to our history so ably edited by one of his own officers.
On the Popular Names of British Plants; being an Explanation of the Origin and Meaning of the Names of our Indigenous and most commonly cultivated Species. By R. C. A. Prior, M.D. (Williams & Norgate.)
Viola tricolor is an exquisite little flower, but does that scientific epithet call up in the mind of any but the most matter-of-fact botanist, one tithe of the associations which are awakened by its popular names, heartsease, pansy, or, as "maids do call it, Love in Idleness?" To the illustration of these popular names, Dr. Prior has devoted considerable patience, learning, and research; and his book will please everybody who loves his country rambles most
"When Daisies pied, and Violets blue,
And Ladysmocks all silver white, And Cuckoobuds of yellow hue,
Do paint the meadows with delight."
The Life and Labours of Vincent Novello. By his Daughter, Mary Cowden Clarke. (Novello & Co.)
A loving and graceful tribute to the memory of a good man and an accomplished musician, who lived esteemed by a large circle of distinguished friends, and beloved by a most affectionate family.
The New Testament, illustrated from the Old Masters.
One of the most beautiful books which have been produced of late years is unquestionably the New Testament
about to be published by Messrs. Longman; which will most creditably represent the degree of perfection to which the skill of the printer and the art of the woodengraver have at this time attained. The illustrations, which are exquisitely engraved, are mostly from the designs of the great Italian masters, and the borders, ornaments, and initial letters from Italian MSS. of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries: - the whole being produced under the superintendence of Mr. Henry Shaw, F.S.A. The large paper edition is limited to 250 copies.
BOOKS AND ODD VOLUMES
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SWIFT'S POETICAL WORKS. Vols. I. and II. Aldine Edition. Pickering, 1833.
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KING JAMES I.'s WORKS. Folio.
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Notices to Correspondents.
A READER. The allusion is to" Monkbarns," the Antiquary of Walter Scott's well-known novel of that name.
R. S. T. The "plain" shillings referred to were only those which had become so by long wear and use. None such were issued from the Mint.
T. Q. Covca. The MS. in the Harleian collection is a portion of the Diary of Richard Symonds, edited by Mr. Long, in 1859, for the Camden Society.
M. S. The best work to consult respecting the origin of the Order of the Thistle is Sir H. N. Nicolas's History of the Orders of Knighthood. A condensed account of his article may be found in the Penny Cyclopadia, xxiv. 384. Vide also" N. & Q." ist S. i. 24, 90, 166; v. 281.
E. W. B. (Bath.) A Vindication of the Literary Character of Professor Porson, Cantab. 1827, is by Dr. Turton, Bishop of Ely.
SIMON FRASER, Lord Lovat, resided at one time in Rathbone Place, Oxford Street; but in 1715 he was taken by a party of armed constables at his lodgings in Soho Square. He was buried in the chapel of St. Peter's ad Vincula in the Tower of London.
J. D. CAMPBELL. Red Lattice is a lattice window painted red, the customary distinction of an ale-house in Shakspeare's time. See Nares's Glossary, s. v. The same work also explains Seel, a term used in fal
A. J. An estimated value of the seven books can only be obtained (after inspection) from some experienced second-hand bookseller.
W. M. An account of the various editions of the Donay Bible and its editors may be found in Horne's Manual of Biblical Bibliography, and Lewis's History of English Translations, pp. 356-363, 8vo.
HUBERT BOWER. What authority is there for supposing the Ballad to be ancient? Whence is it copied?
SOLOMON'S WIFE. "To put a spoke in the wheel" of anyone, is to frustrate some intention, or to put some impediment in the way of such
"NOTES AND QUERIES" is published at noon on Friday, and is also issued in MONTHLY PARTS. The Subscription for STAMPED COPIES for Six Months forwarded direct from the Publishers (including the Halfyearly INDEX) is 11s. 4d., which may be paid by Post Office Order in favour of MESSRS. BELL AND DALDY, 186, FLEET STREET, E.C., to whom all COMMUNICATIONS FOR THE EDITOR should be addressed.
Horniman's Tea is choice and strong, moderate in price, and their some to use. These advantages have secured for this Tea a general preference. It is sold in packets by 2,280 Agents.
LONDON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1863.
NOTES:- Collins, Author of "To-morrow," 445 - Ancient Wrought-iron Artillery, 446-Peter Goldschmidt, 447Ancient Bookbinding, 448- Fashionable Quarters of London, Ib.
MINOR NOTES:-"Pig and Whistle:" Incongruous Signs
REPLIES: Tenures of Land in Ireland, 456 — Mutila-
COLLINS, AUTHOR OF «TO-MORROW."
In a very excellent collection of English poems, published some two years ago, entitled The Golden Treasury of the best Songs and Lyrical Poems in the English Language, there will be found, at p. 163, the pretty well-known song of "Tomorrow," to which is thus affixed the name of the author, "-_-_-_-_- -Collins," and which is well worthy of reiteration:
"In the downhill of life, when I find I'm declining,
Than a snug elbow-chair can afford for reclining,
While I carol away idle sorrow,
And blithe as the lark that each day hails the dawn,
Look forward with hope for to-morrow.
"With a porch at my door, both for shelter and shade too, As the sunshine or rain may prevail;
And a small spot of ground for the use of the spade too,
With a barn for the use of the flail:
A cow for my dairy, a dog for my game,
And a purse when a friend wants to borrow; I'll envy no nabob his riches or fame,
Nor what honours await him to-morrow.
"From the bleak northern blast may my cot be completely
Secured by a neighbouring hill; And at night may repose steal upon me more sweetly, By the sound of a murmuring rill:
'Nothing except his surname appears recoverable with regard to the author of this truly noble poem. It should be noted as exhibiting a rare excellence,-the climax of simple sublimity.
"It is a lesson of high instructiveness to examine the essential qualities which give first-rate poetical rank to lyrics such as To-morrow, or Sally in our Alley, when compared with poems written (if the phrase may be allowed) in keys so different as the subtle sweetness of Shelley, the grandeur of Gray and Milton, or the delightful Pastoralism of the Elizabethan verse. Intelligent readers will gain hence a clear understanding of the vast imaginative range of Poetry ;-through what wide oscillations the mind and the taste of a nation may pass ;how many are the roads which Truth and Nature open to Excellence."
I give the annotation in full, without exactly subscribing to Mr. Palgrave's opinions therein stated, probably, through my not being one of the persons whom he classes as "intelligent readers"; my sole aim being to call attention to the fact, that of a man who wrote a song calling for such panegyric, "nothing except his surname appears recoverable." And I may here add, that I have seen these last six words quoted in more than one notice of Mr. Palgrave's well-named Golden Treasury. There is, however, more recoverable, regarding the author of To-morrow than his surname; and conceiving that these pages are the proper place to record what can be collected of this almost forgotten English worthy, I shall now proceed to relate what I have recovered respecting Collins. The song of "To-morrow" occurs in a little work, of such rarity and eccentricity of title, as will, I presume, be a sufficient apology for my giving the latter here, in ex
DISH OF ALL SORTS.
Adapted to familiar Tunes,
And which may be sung without the Chaunterpipe of an Italian Warbler, or the ravishing Accompaniments of
Tweedle-dum or Tweedle-dee. Particularly those which have been most applauded