Imágenes de páginas


The same thought is expressed in an old Latin CONTENTS. -No. 104.

hymn :

“ The dew descends from above, and out of the earth NOTES:- Stray Notes on Christmas, 511 – Tom Moore's

House, 513 – King James's Puns, 16. - Anonyma : Sterne, springs a flower, the perfume of which is our cure.

“ De excelso cadit ros, MINOR NOTES :- Charles Leigh: Sir Oliph Leigh - Sub

Et in terra crescit flos merged Houses — Folk Lore - Moreton-in-the-Marsh and

Cujus odor sanat nos.” King Charles I., 514. QUERIES:- Baron-Bailie Courts in Scotland — Sir Geof- Abraham a Sancta Clara (observes Herr Cassel, frey Congreve --S. B. Haslam - - May: Tri-Milchi — Early

, to whom we are indebted for the preceding quoMarriages - Old Medal Quotations Trade Marks - Sanderson Vincent Bourne --Watson of tation) specifies some of the old traditions ; for in Lofthouse, Yorkshire, 515.

one of bis sermons he mentions : QUERIES WITH ANSWERS: Party Patches Francis

“ At the time that God's Son was born, there came to Charles Weedon - Thomas Throckmorton Richard Lassels, Gent. - Joseph Washington, 516.

pass a great many wonderful circumstances. First of all,

a countless multitude of angels flew from heaven, and REPLIES:- The Monogram of Constantine, 517 – Work- paid their homage to the celestial Child in various loving house at Amsterdam, 518 — O'Reilly at Algiers: Cartha

hymns instead of the usual lullabies sung to babies. gena, Ib: - Cowthorpe Oak, 520 - The first Book printed in Birmingham, Ib. - Mustache, 521 - Dictionaries --Mrs. Next the deep snow, which had covered the ground in Fitzherbert, &c. - Ram and Teazle - Mother Douglas - the same neighbourhood, at once disappeared; and in its 'Orios and 'Aylos - Scottish — Mother and Son-Thomas place were to be seen trees covered with a thick foliage Chapman - Jamaica - Ganymede - Female Fools — Au

of leaves, whilst the earth was decorated with a rich brey's Staffordshire Ghost Story – Tedded Grass-Modern

thick crop of the most beautiful flowers.” Corruptions: “Reliable” - Curious Circumstance-Christian Names - Phrases Incongruous Signs Charles

The firm belief in the truth of such legend still Price, alias Patch -- Rev. William Peters - Quotations The Great Duke a Child-eater - Lines on Punning - Cum- lives in England, and is identified with the many berland Auctions -“ Forgive, blest Shade” — The Fault

stories told of the flowering of Glastonbury and bag -- Longevity of the Raven - Muffled Peals in Memory of the late Alderman Cubitt -- Burial-Place of John Harri- other thorns, and even oaks, on Christmas Day; son - Socrates' Dog Samuel Jones - Richard Adams whilst, in Germany, there is an acrostic made Anthony Parker, &c., 521.

upon the flowers that constantly come into bloom Notes on Books, L'Envoy, &c.

with Christmas. *

“ It is at midnight," is said in an old carol or hymn; Notes.

“the Stranger from His own bright land is born in

the raw coldness of winter in a stable, and placed STRAY NOTES ON CHRISTMAS.*

in a manger: He is wretchedly covered, and warmed VIII. Old Church Christmas Carols. - IX. Opinion of alone by the breathing of an ox and an ass. He-the

Pagans: how affected by the Great Event; Cicero and Creator of all things — chose to be born in winter; in Macrobius; a Contrast.

order that, by the fire of His charity, He might enkindle VIII. “ The great event” that had occurred at infidelity."

our faith, and remove from us the numbing chill of Bethlehem, in the reign of the Roman emperor

“ Edicto die dominica, Augustus, was thus announced by angels to

Nascitur nocte media, shepherds keeping the night-watch over their

Brumæ sub inclementia, flocks :

Peregrinus a patria. “ This day is born to you a Saviour, who is Christ the

“ Natus in diversorio, Lord, in the city of David. And this shall be a sign

Ponitur in præsepio, unto you: you shall find the Infant wrapped in swaddling

Cultu tectus pauperrimo, clothes, and laid in a manger."

Bove calet et asino. With this event came a great change: not

“ Tempus elegit hiemis,

Creator omnis temporis, merely in the condition of mankind, but, according to ancient legends, in nature itself. The

Ut mentis gelu frigoris,

A cunctis pellat perfidis. following lines may be regarded as the Christmas

“ Gelu namque perfidiæ, Carol of the Christian poet Prudentius :

Venit Christus depellere,
“ Vagitus ille exordium

Fidemque quoque accendere,
Vernantis orbis prodidit:

Sue caritatis igne.”
Nam tunc renatus sordidum
Mundus veternum depulit.

* The following is the German acrostic of Christmas Sparsisse tellurem reor

flowers :
Rus omne densis floribus,

“ W elke Poles,
Ipsasque arenas Syrtiuin
Fragrasse nardo et nectare,

E pfel,
Te cuncta nascentem, puer,

I ndianische Nelken,
Sensere dura et barbara:

N isewurtz,
Victusque saxorum rigor

A ndriana,
Obduxit herbam cotibus,

Jam mella de scopulis fluunt.”

H exen, oder Alaunwurtz,

T elge, oder Zweige von Kirschen.” * Concluded from 3rd S. iv. 488.

See Cassel, p. Ixxiv. n. 479.

The tradition as to the ox and the ass being in read likewise in treatises that have been written on this the stable on the birth of Our Lord, is, not only subject. Death,' say those philosophers, 'cannot be

considered as an evil; because, if any consciousness rethat these animals recognised their Creator, but

mains after our dissolution, it is rather an entrance into also worshipped him :

immortality than an extinction of life: and if none re. " In præsepe ponitur,

mains, there can be no misery where there is no senSub fæno asinorum,

sibility.'”—Epistola Familiares, lib. v. ep. 16.
Cognoverunt Dominum,
Christum Regem cælorum,

Macrobius lived in the reign, and was an official

in, the court of the Emperor Theodosius. He Et a brutis noscitur, Matris velo tegitur."

was so little of a Christian that, when he refers IX. Rohrbacher (vol. iv. p. 53) fixes the date incidentally to the first “ infant martyrs," he does of the birth of Our Saviour in the year of Rome, horror against the monster who had ordered the

so with no feeling of compassion for them, nor of 749. It is very difficult to convey to the mind of one who has been reared in the bosom of Chris- the fact simply, as illustrative of one of the wit

massacre of the Holy Innocents." He mentions tianity a notion of the change that Birth effected,

ticisms of Augustus : not merely in the morals and customs of mankind, but in the thoughts of all as to their condition in “ Cum audisset inter pueros, quos in Syria Herodes this life, and their expectations as to an after state

rex Judæorum intra bimatum jussit interfici, filium quo

que ejus occisum, ait : Melius est Herodis porcum esse of existence. Even Paganism felt the benign influence of the Light,” to which it wilfully quam filium." — Suturn. lib. ii. c. 4. closed its eyes, and against which its understand- And yet, even upon such an obdurate Pagan as ing was darkened. Let us, for example, look to Macrobius, the precepts and morality of the Gosthe sentiments expressed by two Pagan authors: pel had (unconsciously to himself) produced their the one writing fifty years before the Nativity, effect; or we should never find in his book the and the second living at an early period in the following sentiment, when explaining the old fifth century. The first of these, Cicero, was Roman custom of sending presents of wax candles gifted beyond most other beings that ever existed, during the Saturnalia : by his marvellous genius, science, philosophy, and

“ Some, however,” says Macrobius, “put a different learning. The other, Macrobius, was nothing interpretation upon this custom of making presents of more than a clever antiquary and shrewd critic. wax-lights: it reminds us that we are born into this

We quote a passage from Cicero, written at a world in order that we may pass from the ways of a gross remarkable period in his eventful career.

The and dark life, into the knowledge and practice of good battle of Pharsalia had been fought, and the works, which are the true lights that should illuminate

us in our mortal career."-Saturn, lib. i. c. 7. despotism of Julius Cæsar had not yet been firmly established. Long years of misery and carnage Whilst Cicero lived, Rome, the ruler of the were, in 704 (U.c.), foreseen by Cicero; and, writ- world, had become the slave of every superstition : ing in that year, he could find no other terms in “Dominator orbis, omni superstitione obnoxius.” which to console a father for the loss of a son than When Macrobius wrote, the imperial diadem had the words of lamentation as to this life, and of been surmounted with the emblem of Redempincredulity as to the next, which are here an- tion. Apostles, disciples, priests, bishops, connexed. They express dismay as to the present, fessors of every age and rank, had in countless and despair as to the future.

numbers followed the footsteps of their Master“ There are no arguments inculcated in the writings of from the joys of Bethlehem to the horrors of the philosophers that seem to have so strong a claim to Golgotha. The Mystery, which no ancient sage success (in affording consolation), as those which may be nor philosopher could penetrate, had been redrawn from the present unhappy situation of public vealed. The value of this life was fully known, affairs, and that endless series of misfortunes which is rising upon our country. They are such, indeed, that of calamities. A Pagan who had been converted

and its cessation no longer dreaded as the worst one cannot but consider those to be most fortunate who never knew what it was to be a parent; and as to those to Christianity truly described the results of the persons who are deprived of their children, in these times new doctrine upon all who were in heart and of general anarchy and misrule, they have much less soul, in word and action, followers of the Infant reason to regret their loss, than if it had happened in a

God, born, in the year of Rome, 749. more flourishing period of the commonwealth, or while yet the republic had any existence. If your tears flow, “ Dum mori post mortem timent, interim mori non indeed, from this accident, merely as it affects your own

timent." personal happiness, it may be difficult, perhaps, entirely

WM. B, Mac CabF. to restrain them. But if your sorrow takes its rise from a more enlarged and benevolent principle-if it be for the Dinan, Cotes du Nord, France. sake of the dead tbemselves that you lament-it may be an easier task to assuage your grief. I shall not here

* Minutius Felix, Octavius. insist upon the argument, which I have frequently beard maintained in speculative conversations, as well as often


determined by the following specimen of his Near the pretty little village of Mayfield, in powers in that line, which I extract from Mait

land's History of Edinburgh (1753), p. 61. He Staffordshire, stands a small farm-house, once the

paid a visit to his native country in 1618, and residence of the poet Moore. But few relics are shown of the poet, except an inscription scratched tion in the College of Edinburgh.

took occasion to attend a philosophical disputaon a pane in a bedroom window, and said by the occupant of the house, though without any good “ The Disputations (says Maitland), being over, the authority quoted, to be in his own handwriting. king withdrew to supper, after which he sent for the disThese lines I subjoin in case they may not be putants, whose names were John Adamson, James Fairlie, publicly known, and shall be glad to ascertain if Patrick Sands, Andrew Young, James Reid, and William

King, before whom he learnedly discoursed on the several they are really Moore's :

subjects controverted by them; and began to comment “ I ask not allways in your breast

on their several names, and said these gentlemen, by In solitude to be;

their names, were destined for the acts they had had in But whether mournful, whether blest,

hand this day, and proceeded as follows: Sometimes remember me.

Adam was father of all, and Adam's son had the first Old Moore's Almanack. part of this act. The defender is justly called Fairlie “ I ask not allways for thy smiles,

(Wonder.) His thesis had some Fairlies in it, and he Lot of some happier one,

sustained them very fairly, and with many fairlies given But sometimes be with feelings fraught,

to the oppugners. O'er joys now past and gone.

“And why should not Mr. Sands be the first to enter “I ask not allways for those smiles

the sands? But now I clearly see that all sands are not Which make thy bosom sweil;

barren, for certainly he hath shewn a fertile wit. But still in this fond heart of mine

“ Mr. Young is very old in Aristotle. Mr. Reid need Those strong affections dwell."

not be red with blushing for bis acting this day. Mr.

King disputed very kingiy, and of a kingly purpose, conAre we to consider the first four lines merely a cerning the royal supremacy of reason above anger and quotation from Old Moore's Almanack, and the all passions. following eight the poet's expansion of the same

“The King being told there was one in company his idea ?

Majesty had taken no notice of, namely, Henry Charteris,

Principal of the College, who, though a man of great On the next pane are these four lines, which learning, yet by his innate bashfulness was rendered unfit the occupant of the house ascribes to Byron, who, to speak in such an august assembly, James answered, they affirm, often visited the poet here:

. His name agrees well with his nature, for Charters

contain much matter yet say nothing, yet put great “ Can I forget those hours of bliss

matters in men's mouths.' I've passed with love and thee?

“ The King having signified that he wou pleased Can I forget the parting kiss

to see his remarks on the professors' names versified, it Thy fondness gave to me?


was accordingly done as follows." The last word is, I think, not improbably added And then comes some miserable doggrel, quite by another hand.

worthy of its parent stock, which any one who While on this subject, I may remark that this may wish to see it will find in Maitland at the neighbourhood is full of interesting memorials of place I have referred to. Enough has been quoted Prince Charles and the Jacobites, and among other to show that his majesty's puns, so far from being things, there are shown in the church door several tolerable,” would obviously be refused admission bullet-holes (in one of which the lead remains), in the present day by even the most Catholic Joe which the common people affirm were made by Miller, or Encyclopædia of Wit.

G. the Royalists,--a strange outrage, if true, on the Edinburgh. part of men who fought for true Church and State principles, however much their motives now are maligned.

Clare Coll., Cambridge.

In 1862 appeared a tentative letter in The

Times, describing the appearance of some attrac-

tive Anonyma, with a gay equipage in the Park. It is said in the Spectator, No. 61, that — The topic very properly was not pursued : and “ The age in which the pun chiefly flourished was in living, bụndreds of miles from the scene pourthe reign of King James the First. That learned trayed, I need scarcely disclaim any knowledge monarch was himself a tolerable punster, and made very of the person pointed at by the writer in the few bishops or privy counsellors that had not sometime newspaper. But I saw some short time afteror other signalized themselves by a clinch or a conun- wards a passage in French which presented so drum."

close a parallel to the circumstance that I thought Whether his Majesty is here accurately de- it worth transcribing. An alleged English visitor scribed as a “ tolerable punster" may perhaps be writes of a certain boulevard in Paris:

He says:

“ A travers des tourbillons de poussière, une file de 92; Green's Cal. Dom. St. Pap. Ja. I., i. 24, 127, carosses circule aux petits pas sur un demi-mille d’Angle-451, 514, 642 ; ï. 268 ; Sainsbury's Cal. Col. St. terre, où, malgré la lenteur de la marche, et les efforts de l'escouade qui y met l'ordre, souvent on s'embarrasse et

Pap., 5; Cal. Chan. Proc. temp. Eliz., i. 177. on se heurte. Les oisifs qui s'y font trainer, s'occupant à

May we take the liberty of commending the s'y considérer; des regards effrontés vont y décontenancer elucidation of their history to the special attention les femmes jusques dans l'enforcement de la berline la plus of the good antiquaries of the county of Surrey. modeste. On y voit, il est vrai, peu de pareils équipages:

C. H. & THOMPSON COOPER. le sexe, qui vient y figurer pour la plupart, ne s'en offense

Cambridge. pas: au contraire, il répond au coup d'œil le plus hardi, avec une assurance, ou plutôt un air triomphant, qui

SUBMERGED HOUSES.—Dio Cassius gives us an décèle le faste et la fierté avec lesquels la prostitution et interesting reference of this kind, amongst the la déshonneur marchent front levé au milieu des dépouilles éclatantes du libertinage et de la sottise. Souvent Britons in Nero's time.

foreboding signs of the great insurrection of the

« oιχίαι τε les victimes de ces Sirènes insolentes et cruelles s'assemblent en foule et les adorent sans pudeur sur leurs chars, τινες εν τω Ταμέσα ποταμό ύφυδροι εωρώντο.” (Ziphiaux yeux du public indigné de tant de bassesse et de lin., Epit. Dionis Cassii, 62.)

H. C. C. duperie. J'en vis une dans un superbe équipage tout brillant de dorures, qui rehaussoit le plus éclatant vernis; Folk Lore. It is a popular belief that when six beaux Anglois, couverts de plumes, d'or et de soie, the white thorn bears an abundant crop of fruit, la trainoient en pompe; une livrée riche et imposante a hard winter is indicated, from the notion of its occupoit le devant et le derrière. Ce jour là un monde infini se pressoit au boulevard. Au moment où son char otherwise

be in danger of starving. Now, although

being a provision for a class of birds that would triomphal déboucha d’une rue qui y conduit, un peuple immense, qui occupoit les contre-allées pied, se porta

it may be a species of sacrilege to throw any doubt avec rapidité du côté par où elle arrivoit: on auroit cru on a belief that connects itself with the idea of a d'abord à cet empressement q'une reine bienfaisante et benevolent Providence, truth compels me to say chérie venoit s'offrir aux hommages d'une nation en

that the connection in this instance is founded chantée. Je le pensai; mon guide m'apprit que c'étoit la fameuse ......

more on sentiment than fact. In the summer of This report is not to the credit of the French

1862 there was an unusual crop of haws — the

bushes were loaded with them; but the succeeding Anonymas of the last century; but the most

winter was one of the mildest ever known in this curious thing is, that the extract given by us is

island. So much for the prognostication and its ascribed to Sterne. The work bears the title:

fulfilment !

W. W. S. “ La Quinzaine Angloises à Paris; ou, l'Art de s'y ruiner en peu de Temps. Ouvrage posthume du Docteur MORETON-IN-THE-MARSH AND KING CHARLES I. STEARNE. Traduit de l’Anglois par un Observateur. A Last night (Dec. 12, 1863,) I slept in a room at Londres. MDCCLXXVI."

the “White Hart Hotel," in Moreton-in-theOf course this is not by Sterne; but the volume Marsh, Gloucestershire; and this morning I is at the service of Mr. FITZPATRICK, if he cares therein read upon a card, yellow with age, and for it.

BALL. torn around the edges, but which has since been

carefully mounted, and is now preserved by glass

and a gilt frame, the following lines and memoMinor Notes.

randum :

“ When friends were few, and dangers near, CHARLES LEIGH: Sir Oliph LEIGH. — These

King Charles found rest and safety here. worthy brethren appear not to have obtained the

KING CHARLES Ist notice to which we conceive they are justly en

Slept at this Inn on his way titled, from their connection with the early history

to Evesham, Tuesday, July 2, of colonisation.

1644.” Charles Leigh made a voyage to Guiana with a The ink is faded by time, and the bandwriting is view to a settlement, and died there March 20, in that hard style so fashionable in years gone by. 1604-5.

Upon inquiry in the hotel, I found that the bedSir Oliph, the elder brother, who fitted out and room bore the name of King Charles I.'s room, defrayed the charges of the expedition, survived and was still the best bed-room in the hotel. till March 14, 1611-12; and was buried at Ad- I have also noticed, in a walk through Moreton dington, in Surrey.

this morning, painted upon a board in front of Information respecting them may be obtained the toll house, a Table of Tolls, to be levied under from Purchas's Pilgrims, ii. 1156, 1250—1262, a charter granted to this town by King Charles I. 1269; Manning and Bray's Surrey, i. 76, n. ; ï. | in the thirteenth year of his reign. 138, 142, 423, 425, 524, 525, 543, 560, 564, 578; The town has undergone but little alteration Collect. Topogr. and Geneal., v. 169, 173'; vii. since King Charles saw it. The majority of the 286—290; Topographer and Genealogist, ii. 265 ; houses have stone mullions to their windows, and Hasted's Kent, 8vo edit., ii. 196, 198 ; MS. Addit., some of the spandrils above the doorways are 12505, f. 477 ; Devon's Excheq. Issues, James I., very interesting.

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The toll-house, now a public-house, is a very OLD MEDAL.—I have an old medal, struck apcurious specimen of architecture. The town bell parently in commemoration of the miracle of hangs in the gable, above a species of tower. turning water into wine. On one side, the marFrom the appearance of the door, which is closely riage supper is depicted: Our Lord presiding, studded with iron nails, the lower portion was seated between the bride and the Virgin Mary (?), probably used for a lock-up, or cage. This tower the water-pots standing in the foreground. The is fifteenth-century work.


On the reverse, Christ is represented joining

the hands of the bride and bridegroom, the inQueries.

scription being : GODT. DEE HSTANDT. GESTIFT :

HÆT* DARU : IH : IESUS. GESENEN , DÆT." BARON-BAILIE COURTS IN SCOTLAND. — Will This medal is of silver, larger than a crown any of your correspondents favour me with in- piece, but


thin. formation as to the constitution and jurisdiction Could you give me any information as to the of these Courts, or refer me to authorities on the date and occasion of its being struck ? subject other than Erskine? I believe I am cor

ABRAM SMYTHE. rect in understanding, that they have jurisdiction Trinity College, Dublin. in small debt causes for sums not exceeding 21. ;



of and in criminal causes can exact a fine not ex

your correspondents

inform me where the quotations—“Aut tu Morus ceeding ll.; or sentence to imprisonment for a

aut nullus!” “Aut tu es Erasmus, aut diaboperiod not exceeding one month. How many lus," -occur, and to what they refer? J. W. M. such Courts are there now existing and acting? And what is the extent of their criminal juris

PAPER-MAKERS TRADE MARKS. - Have the diction, or, rather, in what crimes have they trade marks of the different paper-makers of byjurisdiction ?

G. S. gone ages, as they were employed in the “ waterSIR GEOFFREY CONGREVE. - In the Heralds'

marks" in paper, ever been classified or identified? Visitation of Staffordshire, in 1583, 25th Eliza

or, by a knowledge of the water-marks apart from beth (Harl. MSS., British Museum), appear the

the date, is it possible to approximate the age of name and arms of Sir Geoffrey Congreve, being

a paper, and hence the possible date of the work

Hoc. the same as those of Congreve of Congreve ; but printed or written therein ? I cannot find this name in any of the pedigrees SANDERSON. — The Rev. Anthony Nourse Sanof this family in the British um, or the derson, Rector of Newton Longueville, Bucks, Heralds' College. I wish to know whose son he died and was buried there in 1793 or 1794. I was, and what is known of him?


shall be obliged by information of the Christian S. B. HASLAM. — I have a few numbers of a

name and residence of his father.

R. W. periodical issued occasionally, in 1825, by S. B. VINCENT BOURNE. — Can any correspondent of Haslam, minister of Zion Chapel, Waterloo Road, “N. & Q.” tell me whether the following epitaph, London, and termed Zion's Banners. He also composed by Vincent Bourne himself, is inscribed published a hymn-book. Any information re- upon his tombstone? He was buried in 1747 at garding Mr. Haslam, his previous or ultimate Fulham,* I believe, and not in the cloisters at history, or that of his publications, would oblige. Westminster : He seems to bave been charged with Socinianism.


NEC DEI USQUAM IMMEMOR MAY: Tri-MILCHI. — Our Saxon forefathers were in the habit of applying this latter designation to our present month of May, as is supposed

V. B.” from their cows affording milk thrice a day during its continuance. Is any such phenomenon dis

The epitaph aptly describes the “secretum iter, tinguishable by our dairy farmers of the present et fallentis semita vitæ,” in which the classic poet day?

M. D.

and friend of Cowper delighted. OXONIENSIS. EARLY MARRIAGES. - Where may I find the Watson of LOFTHOUSE, YORKSHIRE.- Is this statement made or proved, that early marriages family (of which there is a pedigree in the British have an essential influence in maintaining the Museum, see Sims's Index,) connected with the healthy moral tone and domestic purity of a family of Bilton Park, near Knaresborough? I nation, of which illustrative examples are to be observe there is a Lofthouse Hill, near the latter found in the case of Ireland, and many parts of place.

SIGMA THETA. America ? Proofs and illustrations will oblige.

[* The following is the entry in the Fulham Register: VECTIS. “ 1747, Mr. Vincent Bourne, 5 Dec"."-Ed.]




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