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your

Queries with answers.
whom the historical poem to which you

refer is

attributed, Thomas Throckmorton, Esquire, who Party Patches.

died March 13, 1613-14, æt. eighty-one (Wotton's “ Ladies would have left off patching on the Whig or Baronetage, ii. 362, 363)? He was the eldest surTory side of their face, though Mr. Addison had not writ- viving son of Sir Robert, Sir Nicholas's elder ten his excellent Spectator.”

brother. Wotton states, that Sir Nicholas left his Query. Which was the Whig and which the

own Life in verse. Tory side of the face?

C. H. & THOMPSON Cooper. The above extract is from Walpoliana, p. 31.

Cambridge. Who compiled this “ little lounging miscellany," as it is termed in the preface ?

N. H. Ř.

[Thomas Throckmorton, the author of the Metrical

Legend, was the nephew of Sir Nicholas, and only sur. [From the amusing paper on the political patch by viving son and heir of Sir Robert Throckmorton. See Addison in The Spectator, No. 81, we can simply conjec- the pedigree of the family in Dugdale's Warwickshire

, ture that the Whig belles patched on the right, and the ii. 749; Lipscomb's Bucks, iv. 399; and Betham's Baro. Tories on the left side of their faces. He says, " About netage, i. 486. The life of Thomas Throckmorton was a the middle of last winter (1710-11] I went to see an continued scene of trouble, on account of his religious opera at the theatre in the Haymarket, where I could principles, his estate being frequently under sequestra. not but take notice of two parties of very fine women,

tion. He was buried at Weston Underwood, Bucks, with that bad placed themselves in the opposite side boxes, the following inscription on a white marble tablet : “ Hic and seemed drawn up in a kind of battle array one against jacet Thomas Throckmorton, armiger, qui obiit 13 die another. After a short survey of them, I found they were Martii Anno Domini 1614, ætatis suæ 81." It is remarkpatched differently; the faces on one hand being spotted able that Lipscomb (as well as Wotton) should attribute on the right side of the forehead, and those upon the this Metrical Life to Sir Nicholas himself, as the five other on the left. I quickly perceived that they cast stanzas quoted from it in his Bucks, iv. 400, are copied hostile glances upon one another; and that their patches from the Gentleman's Magazine for Dec. 1793, p. 1089, were placed in those different situations as party-signals where the poem is stated to be by Thomas Throckto distinguish friends from foes. Upon inquiry I found morton.] that the body of Amazons on my right hand were Whigs, and those on my left Tories.” Another writer of the day

RICHARD LASSELS, Gent.-- Will one of describes the unpleasant discovery made by a lady at a correspondents be so kind as to tell me who he ball in a nobleman's house, who had in her hurry placed

was? a patch on the Whig side of her face when she was a publication under the editorship of his friend

The Voyage of Italy, fc., a posthumous stanch Tory, and wished so to appear. Walpoliana, in S. Wilson, printed in Paris in 1670, is a quaint, 2 vols., is by that prolific but eccentric writer, John Pinkerton.]

witty, and learned volume.

He had travelled FRANCIS CHARLES WEEDON.

much - Poems by this

as tutor to several of the English nobility gentleman were recently published by Niessrs. and gentry;" to one of whom, Richard, Lord Longman & Co. It

from their Notes on

Lumley, Viscount Waterford, the very amusing appears Books (ii. 394), that his early death cut short a

volume is dedicated. He was, I believe, a Roman career of great promise. The date of his decease

Catholic. Was he of the Nottinghamshire Las

sels? and other particulars respecting him will be ac

R. C. H. HOTCHKIN. ceptable.

S. Y. R.

Thimbleby Rectory, Horncastle. [Francis Charles Weedon was educated at King's Col

[Richard Lassels was born at Brokenborough, co. York; lege, London, and for a short period continued his studies

resided for a short time in the University of Oxford; adat Christ College, Cambridge, which he was compelled to

mitted student in the English College at Doway, Septemrelinquish through severe illness. When in his eigh- ber 6, 1623, and ordained priest on March 6, 1632. He teenth year he enclosed a specimen of his poetry, with a

much delighted in seeing foreign countries, and travelled note, to Lo Macaulay, soliciting his aid to get it in

through Italy five times as tutor to several of the English serted in some periodical. The piece sent was entitled mobility. He died at Montpellier in France in Septem. “ A Sketch of the Peloponnesian War," and it elicited a

ber, 1668, and was buried in the church of the barefooted reply couched in the following flattering terms:

Carmelites in the suburb of that city. There is a second “Albany, Nov. 13, 1849.

edition of his Italian Voyage with large Additions by s “Sir,– You can have no difficulty in finding a maga.

Modern Hand, 8vo, 1698; and an unpublished MS. by zine in which such verses as those you have sent me will

him in the British Museum (Add. MS. 4217), entitlei be inserted with joy and gratitude. I am, however

, nall from Brussels to Italy in 1650. Consult for other

An Account of the Journey of Lady Catherine Wbeteunable to be of any use to you in that way, as I have no connection with any periodical work that admits poetry, 304; and Wood's Athene, by Bliss, iii. 818.]

particulars of him Dodd's Church History, fol. edition, iii. nor do I know the editor of any such work. I have the honour to be, Sir, your most obedient servant,

“T. B. MACAULAY."

Joseph WASHINGTON, of the Middle Temple, Mr. Weedon died of consumption at his father's resi- Tate, in 1694. I should be glad to learn who he

Esq., had an elegy written upon him by Nahum dence on January 10, 1861, in the thirtieth year of his age. These particulars are taken from a brief Memoir prefixed to the recently published volume of his Poems. ] [Joseph Washington was the son of Robert Washing not the nephew of Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, to House, near Doncaster. He was a great friend of Lord

Thomas THROCKMORTON (3rd S. iv. 455.)—Was ton, for some time a merchant at Rotterdam. Joseph was

was ?

C. J. R.

Somers, and author of various pieces, An Abridgement of by the emperor's command : a long staff covered the Statutes, 1689, 8vo; Observations on the Ecclesiastical with gold, having a transverse piece, in the form Jurisdiction of the Kings of England, 1689, &c. He died of a cross : képas eixevéyxáporov, otavpoll oxhuatı February 26, 1693, and is buried in the Temple Church. By his wife Ursula, daughter of John Rawson of Pick-Teroinuévov : that on the top of the staff was a burn, he had a daughter Mary, baptised at Doncaster, crown, or wreath, of gold and jewels, surrounding 1683; and Jolin, baptised at Doncaster, 1686. For the

the well-known monogram X. From this de pedigree of his family, see Hunter's South Yorkshire, i. 353. A translation of Milton's Defensio by a Washing- scription of Eusebius, it is evident that the intenby Richard Washington of the Middle Temple. Vide tion of the emperor was to represent the sign of "N. & Q.” 1st S. i. 164; vi. 602.]

the cross. He did this first, by the cross-staff of the standard ; and, secondly, by the cruciform letter X of the monogram. That this was meant

as a representation of the cross is clear from the Replies.

words which he uses further on, where, describing THE MONOGRAM OF CONSTANTINE.

the situation of the figures of the emperor and

his two sons on the banner of the labarum, he (3rd S. iv. 403.)

expressly tells us, that they were on the upper A correspondent, H. W., considers it “very part of the veil, immediately under the sign of the evident" from Lactantius, that "it was not the

cross : άνω μετέωρον υπό το του σταυρου τροπαίω. sign of the cross, but the symbol of the name of

It is, moreover, abundantly evident from the Christ that was seen by Constantine;" adding, repeated mention of the sign of the cross in the too much in the style of the infidel Gibbon, "if Oration of the same Eusebius, De laudibus Conindeed there was a celestial vision at all.” Euse- stantini, that the symbol intended to be reprebius describes the apparition, and declares that sented was always understood and spoken of as the Emperor Constantine bimself related it to that of the cross. Thus he informs us that Conhim, and confirmed it with a solemn oath : 6pkous stantine, in his gratitude to God, who had been TE TOTWoauévou Tov 16yov; after which he asks, the author of his victory, did, both by voice and by who shall hesitate to believe it? Tís av audißážou public monuments, proclaim to all men the triumμη ουχί πιστεύσαι τώ διηγήματι ; and more especially phal sign: το νικοποιών σημείον. And that by this as the time since elapsed has afforded additional tes- was meant the sign of the cross is clear from the timony in confirmation of the narrative: páxwon' ởte words of Eusebius, who goes on for a long time και και μετά ταύτα χρόνος αληθή τω λόγω παρέσχε την proclaiming the power of that sacred sign, calling faptuplay. Eusebius then relates that Constantine it in places also the saving sign: owthpıq onuelo; saw one day a little after noon, with his own eyes, and from his account in the Life of Constantine, a luminous cross in the sky above the sun, with this book 1. chap. xl., of the statue of the emperor inscription : By this conquer. Autols òpour pois erected in the centre of Rome itself, bearing a ιδείν έφη εν αυτώ ουρανώ υπερκέιμενον του ηλίου σταυ- tall staff in the form of a cross, αυτίκα δ' ουν υψηλών ρού τρόπον, εκ φωτός συνιστάμενον, γραφήν τε αυτώ δόρυ σταυρού σχήματι υπό χείρα ιδίας εικόνος, in referσυνηφθαι, λέγουσαν, τούτω νίκα. He adds that it was ence to which he uses the very same expression, seen also by all his soldiers, who were astonished saying that thereby Constantine proclaimed to all at the wonderful occurrence.

men the saving sign, το σωτήριον σημείον. Eusebius carefully distinguishes this appearance We have then the plain declaration of the hisof the luminous cross in the day, from the vision torian Eusebius, whose informant was Constantine in which Christ himself appeared to Constantine himself, that a luminous cross was seen in the the night following. He distinctly says that our heavens in broad daylight, above the sun, and not Saviour appeared to him in his sleep with that same only by himself but by all his soldiers, most of sign which had been shown to bim in the sky: whóm, probably, were pagans; and yet H. W. συν τω φανέντι κατ' ουρανόν σημείο οφθήναι τε: and appears to doubt “if there was a celestial vision commanded him to make a military standard like at all”! But he thinks to disprove the assertion that sign, and use it in battle as a salutary protec- of Eusebius by a passage from Lactantius, who tion, μίμημα ποιησάμενον του κατ' ουρανόν όφθέντος ση- speaks only of one of the visions with which the μείου, κ. τ. λ. He then tells us that the emperor emperor was favoured, that of the following night. rose early the next morning, and disclosed the The words of Lactantius, however, prove nothing vision to his friends, and then assembling his against the testimony of Eusebius. Lactantius goldsmiths and jewellers, he seated himself in the states that Constantine was warned in a dream to midst of them, and described to them the form of mark the celestial sign of God upon the shields of the sign : kal Toù onueiou Thu eixova opásel, ordering his soldiers, evidently alluding to the sign which he them to make the likeness of it in gold and pre- had seen in the heavens. He did so by the wellcious stones.

Next, Eusebius describes what they did make known monogram using, as Lactantius ex

pressly says, the “ transverse letter” or cross letter under the direction and government of the Regents de la X, by which was represented the cross, and adding Audiencia, the two senior criminal judges, with the Alto it the P to make it symbolize also the name

cayde, and his attendants. One of these judges con

ducted me through the several apartments, and from him of Christ. Really, if sa clear and credible a testi- I received my information. Among other particulars he mony as that of Eusebius is to be thus unceremo- told me that they had then under discipline a lady of niously called in question, no historical record fashion accused of drunkenness, and of being imprudent will be secure from scepticism.

F. C. H.

in her conduct. As she was a widow, the party accusing was her brother-in-law, the Marquis of The judges of this court are universally acknowledged to be men of probity, and worthy of the high degree of confidence thus

placed in them.” — Townsend's Journey through Spain, WORKHOUSE AT AMSTERDAM.

1786, vol. i. p. 126. (3rd S. iv. 371.)

It is rather remarkable that Mr. Townsend, a The statement in Mr. G. A. Sala's novel of grave and intelligent traveller, expresses no disCaptain John Dangerous is copied verbatim from approbation of this institution, but rather speaks

of it with respect, and even indulges in a little Carr's Tour in Holland, published in 4to in 1807. quiet irony at the expense of the fair offenders Sir John Carr visited the workhouse at Amsterdam in 1806, and gives a detailed description of who are undergoing its sharp discipline. C. M. the establishment. He was not permitted to visit that part of the building in which the young ladies were confined, as he states that strangers O'REILLY AT ALGIERS: CARTHAGENA. were never allowed to see them, but he derived his information on the spot from the authorities of

(3rd S. iv. 432.) the workhouse, and there can be no reason to Your correspondent P. O. refers to a former doubt it. Other travellers have confirmed his ac- reply concerning Carthagena, in South America, count. Vide Sir John Carr's Tour in Holland in as suggesting to him an inquiry regarding a 1806, p. 300.

Spanish expedition against Algiers, that, in 1775, These rigorous modes of discipline, which startle sailed from Carthagena, the swampy town and our sensitive feelings now, seem to have been excellent harbour on the Spanish coast of the prevalent in many parts of the continent formerly,

Mediterranean. and perhaps are not entirely obsolete.

“ The Spanish General, Count O'Reilly, The Rev. Joseph Townsend, an author of high

That Byron's Julia treated vilely," reputation, whose journey through Spain in 1786 was, as may by inferred from his patronymic, a ranks among the best standard works on that gentleman of Milesian extraction in the Spanish country, has the following curious account of a service. It would be easy to multiply examples house of correction at Barcelona very similar to to show that, where there is a fair prospect of the workhouse at Amsterdam:

fighting, towards that place Irishmen gravitate. “ There is one House of Correction at Barcelona, which

General O'Donnell occupies a prominent place in is too remarkable to be passed over in silence. It em- later Spanish history: to descend in the scale, we braces two objects; the first, the reformation of prosti- have Meagher of the Sword, a Federal American tutes and female thieves; the second, the correction of Brigadier, about the sole survivor of his late Irish women who fail in their obligation to their husbands, &c., who either neglect or disgrace their families. The house

Brigade – “it's a sore fight when all are slain;" for these purposes

divided into distinct portions, with- and the other day there was the Pope's Irish Brigade, out any communication between them; the one is called that, by reason of its own fiery spirit, was conReal Casa de Galera; the other Real Casa de Correc- sumed by a spontaneous combustion. It was led, cion, “The ladies who deserve more severe correction than

if I mistake not, by another O'Reilly. The Genetheir husbands, fathers, or other relatives can properly

ral Count O'Reilly, it appears, was a favourite of administer, are confined by the magistrates for a term

the Spanish court, but for long he had been very proportionate to their offences in this royal mansion, or unpopular. He was governor of Madrid; and Casa Real de Correccion.

after his unfortunate Algerine expedition he was “The relation at whose suit they are taken into custody pays three sueldos, or fourpence-halfpenny, a day for he was

removed to the government of Andalusia, because their maintenance, and with this scanty provision they

so odious to the people of Madrid that must be contented. Here they are compelled to work,

they threatened vengeance upon his person. The and the produce of their labour is deposited for them till Spaniards attacked the Algerines; for these infithe time of their confinement is expired.

dels, being about as tolerant as their Christian “ The whole building will contain five hundred women, neighbours, had assailed the Spanish African setbut at present there are only one hundred and thirteen. tlements with a view to turn all Christians out of Among these are some ladies of condition, who are sup- the Algerine coast. The Spanish expeditionary posed to be visiting some distant friends.

" Here they receive bodily correction when it is judged force consisted of fifty-one ships of war, well found, necessary for their reformation. The establishment is carrying some 28,000 land troops, and a powerful

same.

artillery. Don Pedro de Castigon was the ad- but Algiers very nearly took him: he and his army and miral ; by favour more than from merit, Count fleet retreated with great loss and not much credit froun O'Reilly was generalissimo. After the dissensions before that city in 1775.” usual amongst chiefs on such occasions, the The result was, indeed, pretty near as Lord' Spaniards landed July 8, 1775, and were warmly Byron mentions, fors l'honneur. Whether it was, received by the determined Algerines. Enthu. as some would have it, that the Spaniards out of siasm, according to Sir Charles Napier, always jealousy at being led by two foreigners, did not runs away. The Spanish troops that first landed at first act with the energy they ought to have were enthusiastic, and so the head rushed into done, or whether the force of the enemy was far action long before the tail was ashore. After beyond what was anticipated, the expedition made some fighting - it has been said thirteen hours(?) little progress after landing on the Algerine ter-the determination of these barbarian infidels so ritory, and was soon opposed by an overwhelming put about the troops of his Catholic Majesty, that number of Moors and Turks led by Beys, the they broke, and under cover of the gúns of the Bey of Constantine alone bringing to bear 15,000 fleet, re-embarked. They left behind some 800 well horsed and well armed cavalry. The galslain, and a considerable portion of their 2000 lantry of O'Reilly and Richards and the neverwounded; all that fell into their hands the Alge- failing chivalry of Spain did wonders against the rines massacred. A certain General Vaughan / odds; the enemy became twenty to one, yet the was there. Is he the English baronet referred to ground to the sea was fought inch by inch, and by P. O. in his query? I find Robert Howell the last battle, in which the Dey's forces were Vaughan, Esq., was created a baronet just six- repulsed so as to enable the Spaniards to reteen years after the period in question. It is pos

embark, cost the latter 4000 men. Once again on sible the general and the new baronet may be the board, the expedition sailed for Spain, and arThe baronetcy still exists.

rived quite chap-fallen at Barcelona, Aug. 20, General Vaughan wanted the Spaniards to fight .1775, leaving Algiers to the future more effective again next day, but they had no stomach for it; "attack of Lord Exmouth, and the final stroke of so they held a council of war, and, proverbially,

France, when the conquest of the piratical strongcouncils of war never fight. Thus I have endea- hold was the only great act the French allowed voured to show why it is that historically Don poor Charles X.- really good and gallant Juan's Donna Julia was wrong when she asked

monarch — to accomplish. The people of Spain “ Is it for this that General Count O'Reilly,

were furious at O'Reilly's discomfiture, but wise WHO TOOK ALGIERS, declares I used him vilely? ” King Charles III. saw how the whole had oc

C. curred, and bore the disappointment meekly.

Nor did he cease to retain in his good graces both This Spanish expedition under the command O'Reilly and Richards, and to continue their proof Gen. Count Alexander O'Reilly, and Don

motion. I must add a word about each of them Riccardos, Anglicè, Sir Philip Richards, Bart.,

before I conclude. Count Alexander O'Reilly of Brambletye House, sailed full of enthusiasm was a cadet of the highly respectable Irish family and hope from the port of Carthagena in 1775, to

of O'Reilly of Baltrasna, co. Meath. He was humiliate, if not to conquer, that nest of pirates,

born in 1722, and entered the Spanish service as Algiers. The expedition consisted of 19,820 foot a sub-lieutenant in the regiment of Hibernia. and 1,368 horse, with 47 king's ships, of different

He went, with leave of Spain, for a short time rates, and 346 transports. The affair was a pet into the French army in Germany. On his reproject with the Spanish people and their King, turn, he rose very high in the Spanish army, Charles III. On June 15, 1775, the procession

under the marked favour of Charles III. He of Corpus Christi passed along the mole of Car- was a Lieut.-Gen. and a Count at the time of the thagena, and the fleet received a solemn benedic- unfortunate expedition from Carthagena, and he tion, and saluted the Host with a triple discharge died in 1794, a Generalissimo, Commander of the of all their artillery. Three weeks after, the Order of Calatrava, and a Grandee of Spain of fleet departed from the harbour in proud array, the first class. His grandson, Don Manuel, is amid the cheers of thousands — a goodly sight. now Duke of Baylen, and his great-grand-nephew Alas! that so showy an undertaking should end is the present Anthony O'Reilly, Esq., of Balin such utter vexation.

trasna, J. P. and D.I. (See Burke's Landed Donna Julia, in Lord Byron's Don Juan, when Gentry.) naming to her husband the admirers she had for

Of Don Riccardos, otherwise Sir Philip his sake slighted, says,

Richards, fourth Bart. of Brambletye House “ Is it for this that General Count O'Reilly,

place made famous by Horace Smith's romanceWho took Algiers, declares I used him vilely?” the history is rather obscure. The Richards, “Donna Julia,” observes Lord Byron in a noté, « here originally a foreign family, succeeded the Compmade a mistake. Count O'Reilly did not take Algiers- tons at Brambletye; of whom and of the place the learned Mr. John Timbs, F.S.A., gives a 16 ft., this fell during a storm in 1718; it excharming account in his pleasant volume Some-tended 90 ft. from the trunk, and contained a thing for Everybody. Sir James Richards, of little over five tons of timber. In 1772 another Brambletye, was created a baronet by Charles II. large branch fell, 80 ft. in lengih, with almost five in 1684, and his fourth son, Sir Philip Richards, tons of wood. The leading or top branch fell fourth Bart., was the companion in arms of about 180 years ago, the manner of its fall is O'Reilly in the Algerine expedition. He was a known, and is remarkable: the main trunk being general in the Spanish service, and married a hollow, the perpendicular shaft slipped down, daughter of the Duke of Montemar, Spanish wedged itself inside, and could not be removed; commander-in-chief; but when he died is not probably it would strengthen the body of the tree. recorded, nor is it known whether or not he left In 1776 the height of the tree was 85 ft. The issue. Burke's Extinct Baronetage reports the principal branches are supported by wooden props, Baronetcy dormant, and possibly there may now and measures for its preservation seem to have be some Spaniard fully entitled to the old baro- been taken by the last three proprietors. R. Foun. netcy of romantic Brambletye House.

Δ. tayne

Wilson, Esq., of Ingmanthorpe and Melton, near Doncaster, bought the estate of the Hon. E. Petre, of Stapleton, near Pontefract, and his son,

the present proprietor, took the name of MonCOWTHORPE OAK.

tague. Mr. Petre cut up one of the large fallen (3rd S. iv. 69, 119, 318, 432.)

branches for dining tables; all portions have since

been carefully preserved and furniture made from In reply to the query of T. M. B., November 28, them. The soil on which the oak stands is a deep perhaps the following further particulars may be rich light loam, resting on fine clay. Within a of interest and of service to those wishing to com- mile of Cowthorpe, in the grounds at Ribstone pare its proportions with other large trees. The Hall

, grew the first apple tree afterwards celecircumference at five feet from the ground is 36 ft. brated by the name of Ribstone pippin. All the 3 in. measured from the present level, which is not principal writers on remarkable trees, Hunter's its natural base. About eighty years ago a fence Evelyn's Sylva, Strutt, W. Gilpin in his Forest was placed round the tree as a protection, which, Scenery, edited by Sir Thos. Dick Lauder, Loudon, being found to interfere with its vigour, was and others, agree in pronouncing the Cowthorpe afterwards removed ; a quantity of earth, taken oak by far the largest in the country. An account from a trench about ten yards from the roots, was of remarkable oak and other trees would form an heaped around the foot and in the bollow: after interesting paper, and the pages of " N. & Q.” a this the oak recovered, and throve as usual. The valuable repository of information respecting these position of this fence may be distinctly traced, as fast-decaying magnates."

H. L. well as the elevation of the adjacent ground. Previous to this the circumference close to the ground No.701, for January 10, 1835, concluded a very in

A paper in that useful periodical, The Mirror, was 78 ft., at one yard from the ground, 48 ft.; the teresting account of the Cowthorpe Oak, by statpresent corresponding dimensions are 60 ft. and ing its circumference at that date to be twenty-two 45 ft. The following are the present propor- yards, and that its principal limb extended fortytions :-Circumference close to the ground, 60 ft.; eight feet from the bole.

F. C. H. 12 in. from the ground, 56 ft.; 3 ft. from the ground, 45 ft.; 4 ft. from the ground, 38 ft. 6 in.; 5 ft. from the ground, 36 ft. 3 in.; 8 ft. 6 in. from the ground, 34 ft. 6 in.; extent of principal branch, THE FIRST BOOK PRINTED IN BIRMINGHAM. 50 ft. 6 in.; girth of the branch close to the trunk,

(3rd S. iv. 388.) 10 ft.; three feet from the trunk, 8 ft. 4 in. ; 9 ft.

Since my communication of the title of the from the trunk, 6 ft. 9 in.; 17 ft. from trunk to Loyal Oration with

a few particulars of its author, minor branches, 5 ft. 3 in.; height of tree, includ- the Rev. James Parkinson, I have been made ing decayed wood, 43 ft.; height of tree having acquainted, through the kindness of a reader of vigorous wood, 33 ft. 6 in.; extent of second prin

“N. & Q.” whom I take this opportunity of cipal branch, 30 ft.; girth of stem 8 ft. from the thanking, with another of these “Orations” detrunk to minor branches, 5 ft.; diameter of the livered in old times, on certain occasions, by the hollow close to ground, 11 ft.; average of the hollow 8 ft. from ground, 7ft. 8 in.; average of Birmingham. The one in question appears to

masters or students of King Edward's School in hollow 12 ft. from ground, 7 ft.; cubic contents of have been spoken by the son of the “chief masthe hollow, 855 ft.; estimated quantity of timber, ter," and we may gather from its title that the 73 tons, or 2,800 cubic feet; estimated age (Professor Burnett), 1600 years. The circumference

[* Vide the General Indexes to our First and Second of the largest branch, close to the trunk, was about Series, art. “ Oaks.”—ED.]

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