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LONDON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 1, 1863. works in the Forest of Dean, and shortly after
wards mention occurs of his manufacturing steel CONTENTS.-No. 83.
under a patent to Elliot and Meysey. This steel NOTES: - Sir Basil Brooke, 81 – Folk Lore: The Bairns it appears was worthless ; and on July 2, 1619, Piece-St. Patrick and venomous Creatures in Ireland Superstition in Siberia — Lincolnshire Proverb Great
an order was made directing proceedings to be Croshy Goose Feast, 82 — Ring Mottoes, 83— Strange Deo taken for revoking the patent. rivations, 84.
William Bishop, Bishop of Chalcedon, died at MINOR NOTES :- America and See of London - Regimen; his seat called Bishop's Court, near London, April tal Honours A Lady's Dress, 1762- Plague Pit - Old 16, 1624. Anthony à Wood (who, however, names Bedlam- Grape, and Seaside-Grape, 84.
not Sir Basil Brooke) says, QUERIES: - Habits of the Bat- Families of Beke and
Where that place is, Speke - Bivouac-Casting in Plaster - Central Africa - except in the parish of St. Sepulchre, I am yet to Madame de Genlis - Herod the Great - Merchant's Mark
seek." —“Oscotian Literary Gazette” — The Termination "ot"Political Caricatures - Proverb - Cardanus Rider and his John Giffard, Esq., having built a house situate British Merlin Rigbt Honourable Somersetshire in Shropshire, but adjoining upon Staffordshire, Churches - Old Stafford Ballad, 86.
lying between Tong Castle and Brewood in a kind QUERIES WITH ANSWERS: 57"Siege of Belgrade" - Gon of wilderness, invited Sir Basil Brooke with other par de Navarre: Spengle-Tanjibs -- Quotations Wanted friends and neighbours to a house-warming feast. Sir Rowland Heyward - Bishop Fowler, 88.
Sir Basil was desired to give the house a name; REPLIES : Major-General Lambert, 89 — Harsnet and Bishop Ken, 92 - The Knights Hospitallers Boscobello, which in that language signifies fair
Archbishop he aptly called it “ Boscobel" (from the Italian of St. John, &c., Ib. - Queen Isabella, " the Catholic,” 93 -Cast from Cromwell's Face - Inscription at Trujillo - wood) because seated in the midst of many fair Law of Adultery - Alicia de Lacy – Whitehall - Mr. John Collet: Dr. Collet-Captain Thomas Kerridge-Godolphin:
woods. White Eagle - Hopton Family - Meaning of Bouman In 1635, being then in the sixtieth year of his Handasyde - Sermons upon Inoculation -- Execution by age, he was very active in supporting the cause of
*Dogs - Binding a Stone in a Sling - The Tylee the regulars against episcopal government in EngFamily -- Mr. Greville - Crush a Cup-Fairy Cemeteries land. He was treasurer of the contributions made Mosque of Cordova, Spain - James Shergold Boone --- Ori- by the Roman Catholics towards defraying the gin of the Word Bigot, &c. 94.
king's charges of the war against Scotland. Notes on Books, &c.
On Jan. 27, 1640-1, the House of Commons made
an order requiring Sir Basil Brooke and other Notes.
Royalists forthwith to attend the house. On April
24, 1641, it appearing from a report of the SerSIR BASIL BROOKE.
jeant-at-Arms that he bad withdrawn himself, the
House ordered that if he did not come in before In F. G. Ellis's Catalogue of Old Books, 1861, May 10, his majesty should be moved to issue a is the following article:
* 869. Brooke (Basil), Entertainments for Lent (Dedi- proclamation for his apprehension, and a copy of cated to Queen Henrietta Maria) 16, 12mo. Beauti
the order was to be left at his lodging. On Nov. fully engraved frontispiece.”
16 in the same year certain members of the We have not found any other mention of this House of Commons were ordered to take care for book.*
setting a guard upon his house, and searching the We presume that the author was Sir Basil same for persons suspected of high treason. It Brooke of Madeley, in Shropshire, one of the lead- appears that the object of suspicion was one ing Roman Catholics in the reign of Charles I.
Father Andrews, a priest. The following facts relating to him (collected ordered that in the execution of their warrant for
On Jan. 11, 1641-2, the House of Commons from many sources) may be acceptable to your apprehending Sir Basil Brooke, the serjeant should readers.
He was grandson of Sir Robert Brooke, Chief require all sheriffs, &c., to assist, and should use Justice of the Common Pleas, and was probably all possible diligence. He was taken at York a son of Sir. Basil Brooke, who was knighted at
few days afterwards. John Camden Hotton's Belvoir Castle, April 23, 1603 ; he himself being Hand-Book to the
Topography and Family History knighted at Highgate, May 1, 1604. A Sir Basil of England and Wales contains the following: Brooke of Lubbenham, in Leicestershire, was “6638. The Parliament's Endevors for settling the sheriff of that county in 3 James I. There is ex
Peace in this Kingdom with the manner of apprehending tant a letter dated 1613 from Sir Basil Brooke to
Sir Basil Brooks at the City of Yorke, 4to, 1642.
“He was hid at Geo. Dickinson's inne, the sign of Sir Robert Cotton.
the Three Cuppes, upon Fosse Bridge. The account of In 1615 he was one of the farmers of the iron- his hiding for four days in his room and his capture are
very interesting." [* See Dr. Bliss's Catalogue, First Portion, Nos. 766, 767, for two copies of this work. It is by N. Caussin,
On Jan. 25, 1641-2, the Commons ordered Sir "Englished by Sir B. Brook, 1672."-ED.)
Basil Brooke to be brought to the House from York; and on the 27th of the same month cer- even a peer of the realm was subjected to the tain members were instructed to make stay of his favour.
T. trunks, and to use their best endeavours to appre- St. PATRICK AND VENOMOUS CREATURES IN hend his servant, who, being apprehended, they IRELAND. - In the
Life of St. Patrick, by the Rev. were to examine.
Alban Butler (March 17), occurs the following On Aug. 27, 1642, an order was made by the House for rem
emoving him from the custody of the "The popular tradition of the Irish attributes the exserjeant to the King's Bench.
emption of their country from venomous creatures to the On Jan. 29, 1642-3, was presented to the benediction of St. Patrick, given by his staff-called the House of Lords a petition of Sir Basil Brooke and staff of Jesus; which was kept with great veneration in Sir John Winter against George Mynn; and on
Dublin. The isle of Malta is said to derive a like privi
lege from St. Paul, who was there bit by a viper." Feb. 6 following, the Lords ordered the cause to be proceeded in at cominon law. It seems that
1. Is it quite certain, that no venomous reptiles Mynn had been the partner of Brooke and Winter are now to be found in Ireland ? in the Forest of Dean iron-works. Being impli- 2. Does the “popular tradition" arise from the cated with Theophilus Ryley, scoutmaster of the fact that the Saint drove away from the country city, Col. Reade, Thomas Violet, and others, in an
the venomous brood of infidelity and heresy ? alleged plot to make divisions between the Parlia- I have been in Ireland, and have certainly heard ment and the city, and to prevent the advance of of serpents and adders having been seen there; the Scots' army into England, he was committed but all the people declare that none are venomous. close prisoner to the Tower by the House of Com- Camden says: “Nullus hic anguis, nec venenatum mons on Jan. 6, 1643-4.
quicquam.” Ware asserts the same thing. (See Letters sent from Oxford to Sir Basil Brooke, several authorities quoted in the Abbé Mac Geogbeby George Lord Digby on behalf of the king han's Hist
. of Ireland, Ancient and Modern, vol. i.
J. Daltox. were adduced to prove the existence of the plot. p. 56, edit. Dublin, 1831.) They are entered in the Lords' Journals (vi. 371).
“ A prevailing superstition is that of the Domavoi, be removed to the King's Bench, there to remain literally, house spirit. He is found in every dwelling. a prisoner to the Parliament until the first debts and is as much cared for as any other member of the by action charged upon him should be satisfied. household, if not more; and woe betide the unfortunate He was apparently living in July, 1646, for in
individual who neglects or offends this important percertain articles of peace then framed, be is named
sonage. His good will is propitiated by the offerings
which are made to him daily, food being placed every as one of the papists and popish recusants, who, night in the cellar, which he invariably partakes of. Á having been in arms against the Parliament, were whole loaf of black bread is at his disposal, of which he to be proceeded with, and their estates disposed of eats moderately; and he has a knife in his pocket, beas both houses should determine, and were to be cause the bread is always found cut. When he has deincapable of the royal pardon without the consent
molished one they put another in its place. I asked the of both houses.
person who related this to me if she really believed it,
whereupon she called upon me not to disbelieve her stateSir Roger Twysden mentions him as
ment, as the Domavoi might be offended, which they good, trewe, and worthy person” (“N. & Q." 2nd s. easily were, and to be revenged they sometimes destroyed iv. 103), and elsewhere he is described as hand- the building.” – Mrs. Atkinson's Recollections of Tartar some and comely.
Ε. Η. Α. C. H. & THOMPSON COOPER. Cambridge.
LINCOLNSHIRE PROVERB. A writer in the Lincolnshire Chronicle, July 3rd, speaking of the
thin crops of hay, refers the cause to the dry FOLK LORE.
spring, and quotes the following local saying: The Bairn's PIECE.— There is a popular no
“ If it neither rains nor snows on Candlentas day, tion among the lower classes in many parts of
You may striddle your horse and go and buy hay." Scotland, that when a child is for the first time
CUTHBERT BEDE. taken to the open air, the bearer of it should give GREAT CROSBY Goose Feast. - There is a something, edible to the first person met; other pretty suburban village, called “ Great Crosby,”' wise the child's fate will be unlucky. The gift is about seven miles from this town, on the north called “The bairn's (child's) piece;" and consists coast of the estuary of the Mersey, and early in usually of an ample quantum of bread and cheese. October every year, there is held a local festival No distinction is made as to the recipient, it being there, which is called the “Goose feast.”. Like held that to make any would destroy the charm. many other local affairs, one may ascertain more And the writer of this knows an instance in which about its origin and use far away than at home.
In the present case, this seems to be peculiarly Against thou goest I will provide another.
That will not love her as his life.
A heart content cannot repent. gathered in about this part of the country, and it I do not repent that I gave my consent. forms a sort of “ harvest home” gathering for the
No gift can show the love I ow. agriculturalists of the neighbourhood. It is said What the eye saw the heart hath chosen. also, that at the particular period, geese are finer
More faithful than fortunate. and fatter, after feeding on the stubble fields, than Love me little but love me long. at any other time. I have been at two or three Love him who gave thee this Ring of gold of the “ feasts,” and although called “ the goose
"Tis he must kiss thee when th'art old. feasts,” I did not find any dish of that famous bird This circle though but small about on the table. * Could it be that the guests were
The Devil, Jealousie, shall keep out. likened to the bird ? as the folk about there are
If I think my wife is fair fond of practical jokes. Information from some
What need other people care. Lancashire antiquary on the subject will oblige.
This Ring is a token I give to thee
That Thou no tokens do change for me. How did this originate, and when? The people of
My dearest Betty is good and pretty. the district are chiefly Catholic in religion.
I did then commit no folly
S. REDMOND. When I married my sweet molly.. Liverpool.
'Tis fit men should not be alone
Which made Tom to marry Jone.
Su is bonny blythe and brown
This Ring hath made her now my own. The accompanying extracts, from my own col- Like Phillis there is none: lections on this subject, are at the service of MR. She truely loves her Choridon. Penny. He will find much curious information From The Card of Courtship, or the Language of Love concerning rings in
fitted to the Humours of all Degrees, Sexes, and Con1. “ Job. Kirchmanni Lubeccensis de Annulis . . Lugd. ditions, 1653, p. 91. Batav. 1672."
Thou art my star, be not irregular. 2. “Georgii Longi Ambrosianæ Bibliothecæ Custodis
Without thy love I backward move. primi tractatus de annulis signatoriis antiquorum sive de varig obsignandi ritu. Lugd. Batav. 1672."
Thine eyes so bright are my chief delight. 3." Abrahami Gorlæi Antwerpiani Dactyliotheca, sive
This intimates true lovers' states. Tractatus de Annulorum Origine... Lugd. Batav. 1672." My life is done when thou art gone.
4. “Grævii (J. G.), Thesaurus Antiquitatum Roma- This hath no end, my sweetest friend : narum," 12 vols. folio. Lugd. Batar. 1699; vol. viii. Our loves be so, no ending know. art. 34; vol. xii. art. 17. 5. “ Londesborough (Lady), Catalogue of a Collection
From the Gentleman's Magazine. of Rings by T. C. Croker, 1853."
Christ and thee my comfort be.-Vol. II. p. 629. 6. " Edwards (Charles), the History and Poetry of Finger Rings. New York, 1854.”
Gold ring found on Flodden Field, in the posses7. The Catalogue of the Loan Collection at the South sion of George Allen, Esq. of Darlington (1785):Kepsington Museum, 1862.”
OV EST NVL SI LOIAVLS AMANS From The Mysteries of Love and Eloquence, or the Arts of
QVI SE POET GARDER DES MAVXDISANS, Wooing and Complementing; as they are manag'd in
LV. 89, 167, 193. the Spring Garden, Hide Park, the New Exchange, and
De cuer entier.-Lxxv. i. 409. other Eminent Places. Lond. 1658, pp. 154-157.
Thou wert not handsom, wise, but rich, 'Twas that which did my eyes bewitch.
Silver ring found at Somerton Castle, co. Lincoln,
in 1805 : What God hath joyn’d let no man put asunder. Divinely knit by God are we,
* I love you my sweet dear heart. Late one, now two, the pledge you see.
* Go + I pray you pleas my love.—LXXV. ii. 907. We strangely met, and so do many,
Brass thumb-ring formerly in the possession of But cow as true as ever any.
the Marquis of Donegal (1813):-As we begun so let's continue.
CANDU PLERA MELEOR CERA.—LXXXIII. i. 17. My beloved is mine, and I am hers. True blue will never stain.
Silver ring found among the ruins of the Priory
of St. Radigund, near Dover, in 1831 : [* The same may be said of the printers' annual festival, which, although called the Wayz-goose, the bird
* IN GOD IS ALL.--CI. ii. 456. nevertheless has taken its flight from the social table. This comes from their having transposed" the goose-day”
Found at St. Andrew's chapel, near Ipswich:from St. Bartholomew tide to the month of July.--Ed.] Tout pour bein feyre.-CXXI. ii. 640.
Gold ring found near St. Ann's Well, Notting- The origin he assigns to Pontifex at any rate ham:
admits of question. If præbens iter be merely an Mon cur avez.-CXXI. ii. 640.
instance of the brave archdeacon's love of playing Honour et Joye.-CXXIX. ii. 513.
upon words, it is so far unobjectionable, though it
scarcely justifies his exordium. From the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries.
Wheatly, in his Illustration of the Book of A silver ring found near Old Sarum :
Common Prayer, ed. Bohn, p. 406, derives “inces* AMOR. VINCIT. OM.Si. 164.
tuous" from sine cesto Veneris ; that is, such mar. A gold ring of the fifteenth century, found near riages among the heathen were unblessed by the Whitchurch, Salop :
presence of Venus. Surely the received in-castus, EN BONE FOY,-iii. 248.
with its root kab-após, is better than this. EDWARD PEACOCK.
If nobilis is a contracted form of non vilis, as Bottesford Manor, Brigg.
CHESSBOROUGH thinks, would not the simple word,
vilis, itself have served well enough to contrast May I add to MR. PENNY's list a very old ring with it without having recourse to the double motto closely resembling the third on his list, negative-in, non, vilis, which would thus be conbut to my fancy more poetical and pleasing in tained in ignobilis ? Indeed the use of this comsound
pound word would be a presumption that nobilis God saw thee most fit for me.
is a simple positive term, and not a negation as It is undoubtedly very old, but I cannot give your correspondent seems to make it. The old any authentic date for it prior to 1861, when I form gnobilis, mentioned by Smith, would also had it engraved on my wife's ring that I wedded militate against the non vilis'theory; and this anher with.
A. L. cient form appears to be preserved in ignobilis, I cannot show, the love I 0.
with which we may compare i-gnavus and i-graI love and like my choice.
W. BOWEN ROWLANDS. R.
SIGILLVM . EPISCOPI . LONDINENSIS
AMERICA AND SEE OF LONDON.—I know not
whether it is much known that in former time
chase A panting syllable through time and space,"
the whole of the English possessions in America frequently indulge themselves to no small extent diction, as within the diocese of London.
were considered, in regard to ecclesiastical jurisin the licentia philologica;" and we scarcely are astonished even at the celebrated etymological
In 1786, Owen Salisbury Brereton, Esq. then connection traced between “ cucumber" and
a V.P., exhibited to the Society of Antiquaries of " King Jeremiah.” I quote the following from London an impression in wax of the arms of the an old treatise as a tolerable specimen of a ramble
see of London, surrounded by the following inin search of a root. The word to be derived is
scription : treacle, of which our author (Anon.), when treat
AMERICANIS.” ing of vipers, writes as follows: “ It is a thing very excellently good (by a secret pro
It was observed at the time this exhibition was perty in Nature) to beare the head of a viper about a made that Henchman, Compton, and Robinson, man: for living it killeth, and dead it healeth. Tiriacle Bishops of London, exercised episcopal powers or treacle is properly good against venom; but in the under this seal over America from the middle of making thereof, and in the confection, there is necessary Charles II.'s reign to the end of that of Queen perfect, and of the greater efficacy. And it was named Anne; but in George I.'s reign a question was Tiriacle because that the word Thirion (Oncios) in Greek sig- referred to the then Attorney and Solicitor-Genenifieth a viper, or venomous beast ! "
ral, “ Whether America was so far to be deemedi Again, the word Presbyter is presented with a within the diocese of London, that the bishop curious quasi-derivation by Giraldus Cambrensis thereof had all power in America ?”. Upon this in his Sermo in Synodo Menevensi
. Speaking of question the law-officers gave it as their opinion, the dignity of the Christian priesthood, in illustra- that letters patent from the crown were necestion of his text, Malachi ii. 7, he
sary to constitute such episcopal powers, which “Ex ipsâ quoque vocabulorum impositione majestas
Dr. Gibson, the then Bishop of London, refusing dignitatis hujus etiam ordinis declaratur. Dicitur enim to take out, the seal became no longer an object sacerdos, quasi sacra dans, vel sacra ministrans. Presbi- for use.
H. E. ter, quasi aliis præbens iter. Antistes, ante alios stans. Pontifex, pontem faciens. Episcopus, quasi supra inten
REGIMENTAL HONOURS. ---The first regiment of dens vel speculator."
the line without a victory inscribed on its banners is the 16th Bedfordshire, and yet this corps greatly 300 or 400 skeletons at least have been taken out. distinguished itself so far back as the battle of My Query is, whether this is the site of a plague pit. Walcourt, August 5, 1689, under Marlborough, The place is about 100 yards from the city wall, the rest of the army being Dutch, with (it is pro- and perhaps three times that distance from per to mention) the Coldstreams and Royals, Bishopsgate, and somewhat farther from Moorwho also gained honours. I believe the regiment gate. was only embodied in 1688, so it is a pity that It would appear from the way in which the their maiden victory should not be honourably bones lie, as if at first the bodies bad been buried recorded. I make a present of this bint to the re- in coffins, and afterwards they had been thrown giment, or those concerned in its prosperity. in indiscriminately. It is right to say that every
W. T. M. care appears to be taken to avoid any shock to Government House, Hong Kong.
public decency: the bones, as they are taken out,
are laid aside in boxes, no doubt for interment. A LADY's Dress, 1762.- A curious disserta
QUISQUIS. tion might be composed on the various articles that constitute a young lady's dress. Specifying the
OLD BEDLAM.–The final obliteration of one of different countries from which the materials, raw the old city sites deserves a few lines of record in or manufactured, are imported; and computing “ N. & Q.” the numerous hands and complicated machinery “In the year 1569," says Stow, “Sir Thomas Roe, merthat are put in motion in order to produce the chant-tailor, mayor, caused to be inclosed with a wall of splendid ensemble.
brick about one acre of ground, being part of the Hospital of Bethlehem.
This he did for burial and ease of After the lapse of a century, the following lines such "parishes in London as wanted ground convenient are not inapplicable to the present style of femi- within their parishes. The lady, his wife, was there nine apparel :
buried (by whose persuasion he inclosed it).” ON A YOUNG LADY'S DRESS.
This space, converted into gardens, and shaded “ Fair Chloe's dress (which Venus' self might wear) with really well-grown trees, has long been one of
From various realms is culled with happy care: the smaller “ lungs” of the city, ensuring air, To grace the well-shaped foot, in Turkey's soil, light, and quiet to the neighbouring houses and
Through life's short span laborious silk-worms toil; The whale, in Zembla's frozen regions found,
hospital. The ground is now become the proDistends the swelling hoop's capacious round.
perty of a railway company, and will soon be The Belgian nymphs, a nice industrious race,
transformed into a noisy terminus. The gateway Weave tbe fine texture of the curious lace.
in the west wall, bricked up a few years ago, is Peruvian mines the rich brocade bestow,
still flanked by its funereal urns, and against the And Guinea's treasures in her buckle glow: Afric the tribute of its ivory pays,
south wall in Liverpool Street, a stone tablet, On polished sticks the spreading fan to raise.
placed there about sixteen years ago, records, in a The Phrygian swans their downy plumage shed, a Latin inscription, copied from the original, as And from the scorching sun defend her head.
preserved by Holinshed, the grant of Sir Thomas The bear's warm fur the Russian deserts yield, Roe" in usum publicæ sepulturæ. A.D. 1569." From falling snow her whiter breast to shield.
I should have said " recorded,” not “records," for The bless'd Arabia sends, from balmy air, Essence less fragrant than the breathing fair.
the tablet is already buried beneath a flaring India's rich coasts the sparkling gems supply,
posting-bill. The hundreds of bodies lying beLess sparkling than the lastre of her eye.
neath the surface of these once quiet gardens, will How oft the merchant glows beneath the line,
soon be carted away - whither? How vain in That Chloe all-accomplished thus may shine!” these railroad days are dedications of land to speScots' Mag., vol. xxiv. p. 543.
cial purposes ! Church and churchyard alike W.D.
vanish before the pickaxe and shovel of the navvy. PLAGUE PIT.-Excavations are now being made
J. for the works of the North London Railway in GRAPE, AND SEASIDE-GRAPE. — In describing Broad Street Buildings, and a very large quantity the West Indies, Sir A., Alison, the historian, of human bones have been met with. The exca
says : vations do not extend over the whole space to be Grapes are so plentiful upon every sbrub, that the covered by the works, but are only on the sites surge of the ocean, as it lazily rolls in upon the shore, intended to be occupied by the brickwork. The with the quiet winds of summer, dashes its spray upon its bones being at about four feet from the surface, clusters." and from thence to about eight or ten feet lower, I noted the above error on finding it amongst the ground is full of them. They lie without any the Selections in an “ Educational Course." arrangement, and there are no coffins except in a The grape-vine does not grow in the West corner of one of the pits, where the remains of Indies as here described; but there is a robust some, but comparatively few, have been found at tree, called the “seaside-grape,” which answers the lower part of the excavation. Probably some the description so picturesquely given.