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in active operation, will not be less pleased to see their od Duo

alegos en Pennsylvania brethren setting them an example of cheer

ful support, and pointing them to the way in which their THE CULTIVATOR.

sons may reap the most good from a course of mental disse cipline peculiarly adapted to the necessities and calling

of the Farmer." ALBANY, N. Y., MARCH, 1860.


ment in the Southern Cultivator, “by Prof. I. N. Loomis” The PENNSYLVANIA FARMERS' HIGH SCHOOL.

it is not stated whether he is a pseudo, or a real prodition. It is now applying its one year's practical experience in com: who went there twelve years ago, pennyless-that he

We learn that the State Farm School is in a highly prosperous con- fessor—it appears that there is a farmer in New-Jersey understand that its means of illustration have been largely increased bought 19 acres of land, " as barren and unproductive as ,

most of the worn-out old fields of Georgia”--that he has quaintance with the systems of the European schools, as well as by since increased his farm to 120 acres, erected a “splendid vigor of the institution. We doubt not that all this will he received mansion, besides elegant and commodious out-houses, and Fince, from the traim of progress apparent, that this nurses of internas improved and ornamented his place to the highest degree Rent farmers, on which our hopes of future agricultural position and of beauty and refined taste," and that he "owns besides success must largely depend, will realize the expectations of its orisi: between $50,000 and $75,000 worth of other property, "nators, its best friends everywhere, as well as the community in gene and all this has been realized from that small farm, of ral. -Germantowo Telegraph.

We have been intending for several weeks to notice the which even' tiow "only 33 acres are under cultivation,” catalogue of this Institution lately received, and affording the remainder being in meadow, pasture, lowland and gratifying evidence of earnest efforts on the part of its wood.” Who will hereafter dare to say that farming is Trustees toward the accomplishment of the hopes e xpressed not a profitable business ! above.

A PRACTICAL COMPLIMENT.-We should hesitate about The pamphlet in question opens with some remarks publishing the following extract, if the kind opinion of this from the pen of the President of the School, we presume paper which the writer expresses, had not been backed by -in explanation of the system of instruction to be pur a list of twenty subscribers for it-a practical evidence of sued, and arguing at considerable length the importance sincerity and appreciation which we could scarcely ignore, of greater intelligence in the pursuit of Agriculture, to the however much we might be disposed to accept in silence further development of that science, not less than to the the words of encouragement with which it is accompanipractical interests of the agricultural community. Dr. Pugi, ed :we infer, would answer the question, “why are so many ALASSAÇICSETTS.-- Franklin County. Jan, 28.-" It is a pleasure to of our young men leaving the farm ?" partly, at least, by me to assist in the circulation of The CorSTRY. GENTLEMAN, and to reasoning that as their interest is awakening in mental country. Ithink, let me say, that the letters of "L. 11. T.;" for a travek effort, and the ambition is arising among them for mental ens letters written currente curriculo, are very remarkahle produc attainment, there has been no guide to point them into any in a yolume form. Permit me to say if he does so, that correct ents of real and practicable path to Agricultural Science—no insti. animals, implements or buildings, very much enhance the interest, and tution to train them so that the transition from its prepara- upon a yery full index-to make it valuable as a reference- ruch a tory studies to the duties of the farm at home, would be style of index as you put to the Co. GENT. for example. J. &. G. only a change like that of the engineer and surveyor from MAINE STATE AG. SOCIEEY.—The annual meeting of the study of mathematical principles to the practical duties this Society, as we learn from the Maine Farmer, for the of the field. In other words we take it that his aim is to choice of officers, was held on the 25th ult., and the followsecure a kind of education that shall lead the student to ing persons were elected officers of the Society for the higlier scientific and general acquirements, particular- current year: ly in those branches associated with Farming, without giv

President-W.C. HAMMATT of Howland,

Secretary-E. Holmes of Winthrop. ing him a distaste for the manual exertion which this pursuit necessitates-to provide him with a sort of knowledge Trustees-J. F. Anderson, Calvin Chamberlain, Seward Dill, T. M. capable of detecting quackery, and of testing the improve- Thomas S. Lang, former President, was unanimously ments that genuine Science may suggest—one that should re-elected, but declined on account of pressure of other quicken and govern his own experiments and investiga. business. tions, and place within his better apprehension those that have been already made in the past, or are elsewhere in

NORTH-WESTERN AG. SOCIETY.—An incorporated asson progress now.

ciation, under this title, has been organized at Chicago, Other subjects besides that of AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION with the following officers: are far more easily dealt with upon paper than they are in

President-John A. KENNICOTT.

Secretary-F. W. Reilly. practice; but we shall look for something beyond mere generalities, of which all our agricultural literature possesses w. R. Loomis, im. L. Church, Isaac Cook, E. 1. Tinkham.

John A. Kennicott, Hon. W. B. Eagan, Henry Fuster, rather a superfluity, in the present instance. If foreign

Its object is explained as follows: experience in treating the problem is worth anything to us

The objects of thiş Society are the promotion, protection and en bere, Dr. Pugh has had the opportunity of studying it quite couragement of Agriculture and its kindred arts and sciences; the as as thoroughly as any American we know, while bis an- sertion of the importance of a fitting recognition of this great primary tecedents” and personal tastes, so far as we are acquainted our whole country; the erection of an Agricultural Bureau at Washwith them, are of such a kind as to render the opportuni- and Reading Room in Chicago; the establishment of Annual Fairs ties he has enjoyed, of double value. We do not, there and Exhibitions, and the improvement of a permanent Park, Pleasure fore, wish to convict him as altogether guilty of our pational sin of " spreading the American eagle"-when he

Its capital is fixed at $60,000, of which $22,000 bag alwrites, in conclusion, that “all the civilized world is wateh- ready been subscribed, and they have purchased the “Garing the issue" of his present experiment; "the civil- den City Race Course " grounds, containing 624 acres, for ized world " is conducted on a pretty large scale now-a

$28,000. days, and yet the farmers--with whose condition we claim The Great HaxtuN STEER.—

The great bullock raised that all civilization is most intimately connected--form, and fatted by Elnatban Haxtun, of Beekman, Duchess Co., perhaps, a large enough part of it to justify the assertion, was killed and dressed at Patterson's slaughter house on provided those of their number whose lot has been order First Avenue, New-York, on the 19th of Jan., and after ed by Providence within the boundaries of the “Key Stone hanging just a week, liis meat was weighed. His live weight State," encourage, as they should, the labors now going when first taken to the city, as weighed upon the Washforward for their benefit. And those of New York, whose ington Drove-Yard scales, was 3452 lbs. Three days afteranticipations are beginning to be aroused by the prospect of wards, weighed upon the same scales, by the same man, witnessing at an early day a similar institution of their own with scales carefully balanced, he weighed 3418 pounds.

Treasurer-W. T. Johnson of Augusta.


Treasurer-E. I. Tinkham.

and Fair Grounds.

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Afterward, upon two other scales, he weighed 3419 pounds. ple operation is his guano and his compost heap. He The dead weight is for fore quarters-1st, 700 pounds; needs no other." 2d, 668 pounds--1868. The bind quarters--1st, 482 ; New Book For FARMERS.C. M. Saxton, Barker & Co., 20, 469 puunds-951. Total 2319 pounds. The net Ag. Book Publishers, New-York, we are pleased to learn, weight is not quite 69 pounds per 100 upon his last live have a new work in press from the pen of our correspoir weight.

dent, Mr. S. EDWARDS Topp, of Tompkins county. It The N. Y. State Fair For 1860.--As our readers will called “ The Young Farmer's Manual,” and coming as it learn from the Report of Proceedings at the Annual Meet- does from the pen of a successful practical farmer-ne ing of the State Ag. Society, published in another column,

* to the manor born "--we cannot doubt but that it will Elmira was recommended as the place of holding the prove a valuable addition to every farmer's library. next Fair, and the Executive Committee, at their session on It gives us much pleasure to announce that EdFriday, after adopting this recommendation-conditionally Ward G. Faile, Esq., of New York, who has been one of upon compliance with the usual requirements, of which the most active and efficient Vice Presidents of the State the fullest assurances were given, --decided upon October Agricultural Society for several years past, was last week 2, 3, 4 and 5 as the time of the Exhibition.

chosen a member of the Board of Trustees of the State AN AGRICULTCRAL BUREAU.-There have been å num- Agricultural College at Ovid. ber of rumors in circulation in regard to new Agricultural Soaking SEEDS BEFORE Sowing.–This practice is not arrangements under the Government at Washingtori

, which as extensively adopted in this country as it might be with we have not hitherto noticed-preferring to wait until the advantage both for the farm and the garden. In this re: announcement should come in official shape. As we have spect we are far behind a people who we are apt to rebeen given to understand, Col, B. P. Johnson, of the State gard with feelings nearly approaching to contempt. There Agricultural Society, received an informal juvitation to are few, probably, either in England or this country, who take in charge the Superintendence of a new Agricultural are are not disposed to think themselves' much superior to Bureau, to be separated from the Patent Office and placed the Chinese, and yet, in one respect at least, we think they under the immediate supervision of the Secretary of the are much in advance of most farmers in either England or Interior. Conceiving, however, that his present position America. LIEBIG states, in his "Letters on Modern Agriafforded opportunities of agricultural usefulness, quite as culture,” that no Chinese farmer sows a seed before it has great as the sphere that would be opened at Washington, been soaked in liquid manure diluted with water, and has he declined entertaining any more direct proposition; and begun to germinate; and that experience has taught him at a social meeting of the U. S. Ag. Society, during their that this operation tends not only to promote the more late session at that city, the Secretary of the Interior, after rapid and vigorous growth and development of the plant, referring to these facts, mentioned that he should probably but also to protect the seed from the ravages of worms carry out the design of a separate Bureau as indicated, and insects. and place at its head, Hon. T. G. Clemson (of Virginia, There would be not only some trouble but some inconwe think.) The Washington Constitution of the 7th, veniences also in the adoption of this practice on an exstates that Mr. C. the previous day, entered upon his pre- tensive scale; but we are pretty confident, notwithstandliminary duties as the future Superintendent of the Agri- ing, that those who commence it on a small scale, will find cultural Division, with instructions to report at once to it productive of advantage enough to induce them to erthe Commissioner, in order that he may be enabled to tend their operations. We may suggest that we have, on familiarize himself with the affairs involved in its opera- more than one occasion, been informed by one of our cortions, and receive the records and other effects pertaining respondents that he makes much use of hen manure in thereto. The gentlemen employed in this branch of the water as a soak for his seeds. service are also required to report to Mr. Clemson for Vermont State AG. SOCIETY.–At a meeting of the Exduty, and to be directed by him, under the authority of ecutive Board at Brattleboro, on the 1st inst., it was dethe Commissioner of Patents, until such time as the pro- cided to hold the next annual Fair of the Vt. State Ag. posed transfer shall be consummated, when the manage- Society at Burlington, commencing 2d Tuesday of Sept. ment will devolve exclusively upon the Superintendent, and continuing four days. under the immediate direction of the Secretary of the Interior.” We have no knowledge as to what may or may ciety, as we learn by a letter from the President, Hon. M.

The next session of the American Pomological Sonot be Mr. Clemson's qualifications for this position, but there appears to be a very general sentiment of hope that ?. WILDER, is to be held at Philadelphia, commencing

Sept. 10. whatever a govermental desk can accomplish for the benefit

A LITTER OF Pigs.-Mr. Hiram OLMSTED of Delaware of our agriculture, will at last be fairly tested before the country—a hope which we trust may be crowned with county, hands us the following figures

. A litter of nine fruition under the new incumbent, although at the same pigs was farrowed May 14, 1858, the property of E. WAKEtime so fully impressed with the difficulties of the position, WAN, and were sold to the following neighbors of his and that we shall by no means look forward to any sudden and of 456 lbs, each at the average age of between 17 and 18

killed at the following dates—showing an average weight immediate millenium for our farmers.

months. KENTUCKY.--Extract of a letter from a subscriber in

Date. Owner when killed, Mason County :-“I will try and send you some more

Nov. 20, 1859, S. M. Bartlett, 2 pigs weighing,

Dec. 10, do. N. Nichols. I pig A paper so good as the COUNTRY GENTLEMAN, 15, do. A. Nichols, 1 pig should hare a larger circulation in this, the very best agri

Dec. 20, do. E, Wakeman, 1 pig cultural region in America. “Big talk," say you--but it Oct, 20, do. N. Wakeman, 1 pig is 80. I have seen all the best parts of America, Great Britain and France, and say no such natural soil exists Total nett weight of the litter,.. elsewhere. Richer than any other in mineral and vegeta- These pigs were full blood “natives "—the live weight of ble constituents, self-drained, quick and warm, it has no the last and heaviest being plump 900 lbs. cqual. Fifty years continual cropping in grain, tires our ST. LAWRENCE Co. AG. SOCIETY. At the annual meetland; but all that the owner has to do is to put it down to ing, Jan. 10, the following officers were elected : grass froin five to seven years—use it for grazing during the term, and his land is stronger, and and grous heavier Ilerion; Reunen Nott, Oswegutchie; Joseph E. Orvis, Massena;

Vice Presidents-- Joseph Whitney, Madrid; George A. Sheldon, crops than the virgin soil ever did. The true theory is, Charles N. Conkey, Canton, Alexander J. pike, Depeyster; Nelson fifty years cropping robs the surface of the necessary Doolittle, Russell : Joseph E. Durpley, Hopkinton, mineral and vegetable ingredients. Seven years rest gives Treasurer George C. Bogue, Canton. nature time to elaborate anew the exhausted minerals; The report of the Treasurer, stating the receipts of the the grass renews the vegetable matter, and the Kentucky year past to have been $2,604.61, and the disbursements landed proprietor has a perfectly renewed soil, capable of to have been $2,576.75, was read and adopted. A resolusustaining another long course of grain crops. This sim-tion was adopted that the premiums of the Society should


Nett weight.

780 lbe, 410 do. 422 do, 800 do. 552 do. 405 do. 742 do.

do. do. do. do. do, do.

Nov. 13, do. D. Beers, 2 pige

Feb. 1, 1800,



4,111 do.

President-Hon. CALVIN T. HULBURD, Brasher.


open for competition to the world.” It was deter- some cause for his well fed calves having lice on them. mined that the future Fairs of the Society should open on Not having air enough in their stables will make them the last Wednesday of September.

lousy, no matter how niuch good feed he gives them. Mr. Wainwright's Next Devon SALE.-From our Ad. Dirty beds will also do it. Standing in muddy yards will vertising columns it will be seen that a portion of the ex- also do it, especially in wet clay; it creates a fever in the cellent Devon herd at “The Meadows" is to be offered at feet and legs; the hair all over them is rough, and in the public sale the coming season. It had been Mr. W.'s in- end they fail in condition and become lousy. I had one cattention to make these sales biennial; but not having a tle yard to tile-drain, to prevent the cattle treading up the suficient number of animals to offer publicly last year, he clay when the weather was soft in November. When they disposed of such as he could best spare at private sale. trod up the clay, their legs became swollen, their feet sore, We need scarcely say that the superior quality of anything their coats staring, and lice followed. I had to put them offered by Mr. W. is entirely to be depended upon. The in a dry place, foment their legs with warm water, rub the bulls with one exception, will all be under two years old. legs and feet dry, and then rub on a salve of sugar of Nor is it necessary to add that it will be a bona fide sale : lead and Jard, and a few days got them well; but some 15 it may be remembered that Mr. W.'s last sale was carried years ago I made the yard perfectly dry, and never had a out in exact accordance with the stipulations in the cata- case of the kind since. logue, although at a heavy loss to himself.

Look and think, Mr. C. H. M., and you will find a local APPLE CROP OF Niagara Co.-About two hundred cause for lousy well fed animals—a sharp eye and thinking, thousand barrels of apples have been sent from Niagara is very important for the stock master-I think more so Co. to points east, north, and west, the past season. Put- than any other branch of farming. JOHN JOnxtSoS. ting the average price at $1.50, would make the value of Near Geneva, 27th Jan., 1860. the exports $300,000. Large quantities were also mar- P. S.-I wish some of those gentlemen who think sheep keted for domestic use, and a still larger amount dried for must have ticks on them, would come and examine mine. marketing, so that we may safely estimate the value of the COMSTOCK'S TERRACULTURE.— crop of 1859 at $500,000. A large share of these apples regions rangu made some years since by a committee of the New York were the largest and fairest ever grown in the county. MANURING AND DRAINING.--I have read the Junior's Russell Comstock. This is entirely founded on misconception--an


nocent misconception, without doubt, but one which ought to be corLetters from Europe with a great deal of interest and rected.--IN. Y. Eve, Post. profit, and must tell him that he appears to have worked In reply to the above, we copy the following paragraph hard and plowed deep. But has he discovered the self- from the Transactions of the N. Y. S, Ag. Society, vol. 10, sustaining system of farming for America? LIEBIG p. 133:would have us believe that this consists in returning the Mr. Allen or Erie, in the absence of the chairman of the mineral ingredients only, whilst John JOHNSTON preaches committee, to whom was referred the claimed discoveries of and practices the return chiefly of the organic ingredients. Russell Comstock of Dutchess Co., on vegetation, reported, One thing I am certain of, Liebig and Johnston may ma- after a conference with Mr. Conistock, that the committee nure all they can, but a thoroughly drained subsoil must been made by Mr. Comstock, nor was his practice different

came to the unanimous opinion that po new discovery had underlie the soil that yields a full profitable return in the from that of experienced nurserymen heretofore, ard which shape of grain crops of all kinds. This Johnston preaches may be found described in public works, and although imand practices, and in this he is far ahead of any one in this portant in themselves, the committee do not deem it proper country, and fully equal to his compeers in Europe. for the Society to recommend to the Legislature any appro

The amount of ignorance in this country, as to true priation to Mr. Comstock as the discoverer. The report was farming, is extraordinary. This may be accounted for by accepted and adopted. the fact that the early settlers found the soil fertile and New-HAMPSHIRE STATE AG. SOCIETY.--At the recent generous, and they practiced a system of constant and suc- annual meeting of this Society, the following officers were cessive cropping, without stopping to think of the result. elected : Their children followed the example set before them until President-WM. F. ESTES of Dover.

Secretary-Aaron Young of Dover. they found that crops failed, and then they began to look

Treasurer-Frederick Smith of Manchester. around for a cause. Barley has ceased to be grown in this Board of Directors, Dana Woodman of New Hampton; Joseph B. county, because the land won't grow it, but niany farmers Walker of concordi Alfred Hoit of Durham; John Preston of New: do not know the cause (or won't.) They ascribe its failure LARGE Hogs.-Thomas Hood, living about four miles to unpropitious seasons, insects, defect in seed, &c., &c. east of Crosswicks, killed Feb. 6th, 34 bogs-average One of my neighbors sowed one field to oats seventeen weight 560 lbs. The largest weighed 720 lbs. Isaac years in succession! And when he wanted to sell the Harrison killed 21-averaged 514 lbs. The largest weighland, he cited this fact to prove the richness of the soil ! ing 657 lbs, William Taylor killed 37-averaged 475– But there is beginning a change here, and this I ascribe to largest weighing 578 lbs. They were fatted principally the good effects produced by the agricultural press. You upon ground corn scalded.

G. R. DUER. are not laboring in vain-depend upon it. J. R. C. Burlington Co., N. J. SHARES' Harrow-SINCLAIR'S Straw CUTTER. If you

LARGE SHEEP.-I send you the weight of a lot of sheep are not overrun with recommendations of Shares' llarrow, bred and fed by me. There were 30, viz., 12 ewes that I I would like to give it a most hearty approval, but to dis- selected from my flock that I did not care to breed from, sent from the suggestions of some of your correspondents and 18 two-year old wethers. They had not been extra that it should be made heavier. My soil is a light loam, fed; they had a little oats and corn once a day part of last and my teams are large, strong, and well fed, but the har- winter, and until grass. I gave them no grain afterwards row gives them enough to do as it is. Another implement until the grass began to fail, which was about the middle I bought this year, that was advertised in your columns, of November. I then gave them grain again until they has given great satisfaction-Sinclair's Straw Cutter and went to market

, which was the 19th Dec., 1869. I weighCornstalk Masticator. It is a very well made, strong and ed a few of them at home. The heaviest weather weigheffective machine--and the only one I have ever seen that ed 257 pounds--the heaviest ewe 245 pounds. They were did work enough to make it pay. Two horses can go on the driven to the village, and the average weight of the whole horse-power and cut all the hay in one hour, that they will of them there was 206 pounds. They were a cross of the eat in a week. The only trouble is to find a man smart Leicester and Cotswold.

Hugh Exton. enough to feed ï. T. L. Harison. St. Lawrence Co. Union Farm, N. J.

REMEDY FOR VERMIN ON CATTLE.-C. H. M. asks for Straw AS MANURE.—Wheat straw, estimated by the something to kill lice on cattle. Rubbing them over with value of its constituents, is worth for the purpose of feedhog's lard will do it, but unguentum I think cheaper a little ing, from 30s. to 36s. ($6 to $7) per ton. We would put on the neck and shoulders, and a little on the rump, will therefore prefer chopping it up, enriching it with a little generally kill them all in a day or two. If it don't, apply mucilage of linseed cake, and feeding our cattle with it a little more. If C. H. M. will look around, he will find I to using it for bedding horses or cattle.


A. SAJ., (successor to the date Aucha Downing P ET




T He best Putter the world in , las

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E T E R L A WSON & SON, & Co.,) has the pleasure of announcing to the patrons of this

Edinburgh, 1 George IV. Bridge. old estabiishment, and the public in general, that his stock of

Loxbox, 27 Gt. George St., Westminster, 8. W. Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Pants, &c., On account of the numerous applications which have been made to for sale for the ensuing spring trade, is full and complete, and com

PETER LAWSON & Sox, to send their List of Seeds and Nursery Produce prises everything to be obtained in his line of business, viz:

to the l'nited States and Canada, they beg leave to inform the Trade A large stock of Apple, Pear, Cherry, Plum, Peach,

Aprigot, Necta- in America, that they are prepared to furnish them with rine and Quince trees, 1 to 3 years from the bud, of superior quality

Price Lists, and growth. Grapevines, native and foreign, embracing all the new and to assure them that any orders they may be favored with will reries and Strawberries, of all the new and

old proved varieties. Rhu ceive their best attention.

All Orders must be accompanied by Casi, satisfactory reference in barb and Asparagus roots do.

England, or may be forwarded through CRAIG & NICOLL, ORNAMENTAL TREES, Feb. 2-w16-Mar. 1-wim2t. No. 6 Bowling Green, N. Y. EVERGREENS.--A large stock of Norway Spruce of all sizes. Bal

GR A P E S. sam Pir, European Silver Fir, Austrian, Scotch and White Pines, llemlock and American Spruce, Arbor Vitæ, Junipers, (in varieties.) and a great variety of new and rare Conifers from 1 to 5 feet high.

We are prepared to furnish one yenr old vines, (true to name) of

Also New Rochelle or Lawton BlackDECIDUOUS TREES of extra size, for street planting, and giving most of the NEW GRAPES. inmediate efect to Parks, Lawns, Cemeteries, &c., &c., such as Mas berry-Wilson's Albany, Hooker and Chilian Strawberry Plants, Cat. ples, 3 varieties; Elms, 10 varieties; Ash, 8 varieties: Oaks, 6 varie alogues sent free to applicants.

HOAG & CRAINE, ties; Catalpas, Horse Chestnuts, Ailanthus, Larch, Tulip (true.) Abele,

Feb, 2-wit&Mar. 1-wit,

Lockport, N, Y. Negundo, Mountain Ash, Deciduous Cypress, Weeping Willows, Lin. dens, &c., &c.

TOTICE.-The Copartnership heretofore exist. FLOWERING SHRUBS --Over 50 choice species and varieties. ROSES --A large collection of Hybrid Perpetual, hardy Garden and own limitation, the undersigned will continue the business on his

ing under the firm of A. SAUL & Co. having expired by its Bloss, Chipa and Tea, &c.

A. SAUL. WEDGE PLANTS.—100,000 Osage Orange plants of extra growth, 1 own account from this date,

Highland Nurseries, Newburgh, April Ist, 1859. Mar 1-&mit The above stock is all of the best quality and growth, and will be Now Ready-Single Copies sent by mait, post-paid, for Twenty-five sold on the most reasonable terms, A new Catalogue will be ready about the middle of March, and will

Cents-ONE DOZEN COPIEs, post-paid, for Two Dollars. Agents

Wanted, be sent to all applicants enclosing a P. O. Stamp to prepay the same. A. SAUL, Highland Nurseries,


Newburgh, N. Y.

Of Rural Affairs for 1860. "WONDERFUL !"

The Sixth Number of this work is now ready, and presents features

of no less attractiveness and value than its predecessors. The HE “TELEGRAPH OHUR N," following abstract of its contents, together with the fact that they

are ILLUSTRATED by no less than ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTYRIANT, which was pronounced the best on exhibition at the Winter Meeting Publishers can say." of the N. Y. State Ag, Society on the 9th of this month. Price $7, and large enough for eight cows. A boy 10 years old can work it. For 1. ORNAMENTAL PLANTING-THIRTY-Sıx ENGRAVINGS. sale by


1. Requisites for a Home. Mar 1-W4tmit

Albany, N. Y. 2. Various Modes of Grouping.

3. Plans of Garden and Ornamental Grounds.

4. Various Details--Lawns-Walks-Rustic Objects. Extract from the Catalogue of Messrs. E. G. Henderson & Son, the

5. Treey-Hints in Saving Expense Queen's Nurserymen, London, 1959.


1. General Considerations. "Numerous testimonials of public bodies and professional grow

2. Working Men's Cottages—Three Original Designs by George D.

RAND. ers, have been produced in favor of its being a distinct and good habited plant, without a single defect in its growth or bearing--the fruit of

3. Farm Houses-Five Original Designs with Ground Plans, &c.. by delicious flavor, admirably adapted either for a dessert fruit, market

the same Author. produce, or for family consumption in home-made wine. The fruit is who wish suggestions as to neat and inexpensive structures for practi:

This is a Chapter which will prove serviceable especially to those produced in large terminal racemes; the individual aggregate berries cal purposes, which, with some taste and considerable extent of are large, like to small conglomerated miniature clusters of black grapes, and with seeds proportionately small to each berry."

accommodations, combine great convenience of interior arrangement. Thus in all parts of the world is this fruit becoming favorably known

III, HEDGES-THIRTEER ENGRAVINGS, and a volume of testimonials could be given equally favorable. The 1. Different Plants for Fencing Purposes. original variety may be had of the undersigned, in small and large 2. Training and Pruning for first Four Years. packages. Feb. 23--w&mit. WM, LAWTON, New Rochelle, N. Y. IV. FENCES AND FENCE MAKING-FIFTEEN ENGRAVINGS

1. Post Fences, Modes of Construction and Setting NORTH RIVER AGRICULTURAL WARE

2. Hurdles and Cheap Fences.


1. Difficulties to Contend with.

2. Hanging the Gate. 60 Courtland Street, New-York City.

3. Constructing and Hinging it. Farmers and Dealers will find it to their advantage to give us a call VI, BARNS AND STABLES-TWENTY-Five ENGRAVINGS. refore purchasing their

1. A Horse Barn built of Brick. IMPLEMENTS OR FERTILIZERS.

2. A Barn for a Small Farm,

3. Plan of Stables for Horses and Cattle. Our motto has ever been and still is to furnish the BEST ARTICLES 4. Stalls for Horses-Four different forms. at the LOWEST PRICES.

5. Stalls for Cattle-Means of Tying. Our IMPLEMENTS are of the most improved patterns. Our 6. Cattle and Sheep Racks. GARDEN AND FIELD SEEDS


1. Improvements in Plows and Harrows. Are selected from RELIABLE GROWERS.

2. Plowing and Subsoiling. Our stock of FERTILIZERS comprises the following:

3. Ditching Plows.

4. Implements for Surface Tillage. No. 1 Peruvian Guano, warranted pure.

Hoyt's" Superphosphate of Lime, the best in the market. 1. Gladding's Hay Fork
Poudrette, manufactured by the Lodi Manufacturing Company. 2. Willard's Root Slicer,
Blood and Wool Manure, $25 per ton.

3. Joice's Star Mill,

4. Hickok's Stalk Cutter. Bone Sawings, Turnings and Ground Bone.

5. Allen's Potato Digger, Land Plaster, &c.

6. Labor by Horse Power. We will furnish Dealers with any of the above Fertilizers in quan: IX. FRUITS AND FRUIT CULTURE-Skvex ENGRAVING8. tities to suit at the lowest rates. GRIFFING, BROTHERS & CO., 1. Plant Apple Orchards. Feb. 9-w&mtr.

Proprietors. 2. Transplanting Small Trees.

3. Apples for Market. TO FARMERS AND GARDENERS

4. Select Fruits for Virginia, New England, Wisconsin-Fallures in

the West. The subscribers offer for sale 60,000 barrels of POUDRETTE, 5. Ripening Pears-Sorts for Market-Hardy varieties. made by the Lodi Manufacturing Company, in lots to suit purchasers. 6. Select List of the Newer Pears--Dwarfs. This article is in the twentieth year of its introduction

into this coun. 7. Plums, The Blackberry--Strawberries--Grapes-Insects on the try, and bas outlived fertilizers of every other description, for the fol. Apple. lowing reasons:

8. Sending Grafts by Mail-Root Grafting. 1st. It is made from the night soil of the City of New York, by the X, SUPPLEMENTARY LIST OF NURSERIES. L. M. C., who have a capital of over $100,000 invested in the business, XI. RURAL MISCELLANY-TWELVE ENGRAVINGS. which is at risk should they make a bad article.

1. General Economy-Razor Stropş--Marking Bags–Bad Water2d. For corn and vegets es it is the cheapest, neatest and handiest

Fuel-Painting Tools-Cracks in Stoves, &c. manure in the world, it can be placed in direct contact with the seed; 2. Dairy Economy-Winter Butter-Damp Stables-Wintering and forces and ripens vegetation two weeks earlier, prevents the cut worm, stabling--Fodder, &c. doubles the crop, and is without disagreeable odor. Three dollars 3. Rules for Business, with Numerous Hints. Worth or two barrels is all sufficient to manure an acre of corn in the 4. Grafting Knives. hill.

5. Transplanting in Autumn and Spring. PRICE --1 bbl. $2–2 bbls. $3.50–5 bbls. $8, and over 6 bbls. $1,50 per 6. Early Melons

and Squashes. barrel, delivered free of cartage to vessel or railroad in New

York 7. Wool Table. City.

8. Cleaning Seed Wheat.
A pamphlet containing every information, and certificates from 9. To Make Farming Prontable.
farmers all over the United States, who have used it from two to seven- 10. Packing Trees for Transportation.
teen years, will be sent free to any one applying for the same.

Address all orders or inquiries to the pullishers,

Feb. 16—W131m3t.
GO Courtlandt Street, New York Jan, 1, 1860


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or Steel Plows,

MERICAN WEEDS AND USEFUL PLANTS for the spring trade large numbers of our Mohawk Valley Clipper enumeration and description of useful plants and weetle, which merit Plows with steel inold-board and land-side, with steel or cast point, as

the notice or require the attention of American agriculturists. By desired, and would refer you to the following persons who have them

Wm. Darlington, M, D. Every Farmer or Farmer's Son who wishes in use:

to know

the names and character of the plants growing on his lurm, John Johnston, Geneva, N. Y.

should study this book. For sale at the office of the Co. Gent. and

Cultivator. 219, J. Ingersoll, Ilion, N. Y,

16* L TUCKER & SON. Wm. Summer, Pomaria, s. C.

A Book for Every Farin-House.

219 rat s ro R. C. Ellis, Lyons, N. Y. Col, A. J. Summer, Long Swamp, Florida.

OUNTRY LIFE-A Handbook of AgriA. J. Bowman, Utica, N. Y. A. Bradley, Mankato, Minesota. Os

culture, Horticulture, and Landscape Gardening. By R. M. F. Mackie, Utica, N. Y.

Copeland. Beautifully Illustrated. Price, common edition,


83. For sale by L. TUCKER & SON, Co. Gent. office, Albany. We are also manufacturing Sayre's Patent Horse Hoe and Potato

e by . Tone Vol. 12 mo.-Price $1.50. Covering Machine, Sayre's Patent Cultivator Teeth in quantities for the trade; and all kinds of steel and swage work in the agricultural line. Send for a circular, SAYRE & REMINGTON,

EMENTS AMERICAN POULTERER'S COMPANION, Jan. 26-wtf Mar. 1-mts. Union Agricultural Works, Utica, N. Y.

Domestic Poultry-Book, price 75 cents. For sale at the office of this L B A N Y TIL E WORKS, paper.

CORNER CLINTON AVENUE AND Knox STREET, ALBANY, N. Y. OWNING'S FRUIT AND FRUIT TREES The Subscribers, being the most extensive manufacturers of DRAIN. ING TILE in the United States, have on hand, in large or small quan. paid, at $1.25. titles, for Land Draining, ROUND, SOLE and HORSE-SHOE TILE, warranted superior to any made in this country, bard-burned, and over one foot in length. Orders solicited. Price List sent on application. 1,0) C. & W. MOCAMMON,

ENGRAVINGS! zid Jan. 1-Wtl.

Albany, N. Y.

DURAL-AFFAIRS.”_Under this simple and

a new edition of that work from the beginning, free, Agents Dec. 8-w13tm6t, jol bissukur es

Biddeford, Me. muslin, full gilt, fine paper, and wide margins, sold either separately

embracing the Numbers from 1855 to 1860 inclusive, in Two Volumes.

or together, at One Dollar each, and furnishing a AW TON BLACKBERRY.-To

Complete Encyclopædia in Miniature, hal yariety for field or garden culture, address

For every man with a Farm, a Garden or a Domestic Animal--for 35 Circulars, with ample directions, will be forwarded to all appli- chaser or Builder in the Country, and for every Ilousehold in the City,

every Place which will grow a Flower or a Fruit Tree--for every Pur. cants,

Aug, 1-m12t.

delighting in representations or looking forward with hopes of Rural UDSON RIVER ANTWERP RASPBERRY Lire, embracing under the head of

I. Country Dwellings, Lawton and Newman's Thornless Blackberry Plants, $6 per 100.

FORTY-TWO DESIONS for Cottages, Farm Houses, and Villas, with Plans DAVID KETCHAM,

in many instances of several floors, and including under this head Oct. 1-mtr.

Milton, Ulster Co., N. Y. alone, One Hundred and Twenty-seven Engravings.

II, Improving, Planting, and Laying out Grounds. EAR SCIONS FOR SALE_Consisting chiefly Several Chapters will be found on these and kindred Subjects, with

many full and practical details, illustrated with no less than NinetySeckel, Washington. Winter Nelis, Autumn Paradise, Madeleine, Ty

one Engravings. son, Urbaniste, Onondaga, Bilboa, and other valuable and popular

III. Fruit Culture. part ovat . to

or $40 per 10,000. Bartlett, and special or rare selections, 50 concise and reliable Descriptions of the most valuable Sorts, with per gent. higher. Each scion will usually make two or three grafts. Lists for different parts of the Country, and One Hundred and Ninety. No charge for packing. J.J. THOMAS, Union Springs, seven Engravings. Jan. 26-Weow3tmlt.

Cayuga Co., N. Y.

IV. Farms and Farm Buildings.

, Six Flundred and seventy-two Pages and nearly NINE HUNDRED


L obtain the original
H PESOS 2.50 per 100: 20 per 1000

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on Farm Management, Suggestions on Laying Out Farnis, with Plaus, HUNGARIAN GRAPE SLIPS,

and Designs for Farm Structures, including Barns, Piggeries, Poultry

Houses, Smoke Houses, Cisterns, Carriage Houses, Stables, Grsuna. Will be received per steamer in March next, consisting of 30,000 hardy

ries, Sheep Houses, Wagon Houses, &c., &c.,

and Ninety Engravings. shoots, embracing a selection of TWENTY-ONE of the choicest varieties of

V. Farm Implements.

Here Descriptions more or less full, with accompanying Remarks, are Suitable for Out-door Culture in every section of the United States. given of a wide variety of Implements--especially those that are The Slips will be long, thrifty, thickly budded, ALL HARDY. Some

new and valuable. Eighty-eight Engravings. excel on mountain slopes of moderate elevation; others on plains.

VI. Domestic Animals. To secure their prompt delivery, ORDERS should be sent in early. The different Breeds are Illustrated, and various Recipes and Directhat the Proprietor may be enabled to forward them in good condition tions given for the Treatment of their Diseases. Poultry Manageon their arrival.

ment is here included. Forty Engravings. Sold in lots to suit purchasers. A bundle containing ten varieties,

VII, School Houses. each carefully marked, will be forwarded to order for One Dollar by Express, payable on delivery. One Hundred Slips for Five Dollars. A Chapter on thuis Subject includes Four Designs and Eight Engravings. A liberal discount to Agents, Vine-growers and Nurserymen. Send

VIII. Butter and Chcese Making. for Descriptive Catalogues. JOHN KOLBER,

A Chapter upon the Dairy and its Processes, will be found most valu. Feb 1-2t

592 Broadway, New York. able and interesting. Thirteen Engravings. TEW AND VALUABLE SQUASH ES. Articles on the Management of these portions of the Ilomestead

IX. Kitchen and Flower Garden.

Grounds are Illustrated with Twenty-seven Engravings.

X. Rock Work and Rustic Structures.

25 cents per packet. Golden Green Japan,

Conservatories, Vineries, and Rustic Ornaments of Wood and Iron, White Leghorn,.

both for Out-doors and Indoors, with Sixty-one Engravings. Mammoth Cuba,.

XI. The Apiary. Mammoth Chili,

A Chapter is contributed under this head, by the Author of the "MysImperial Lima Marrow,

teries of Bee-Keeping." --with Eleven Engravings. Sandwich Island,

.90 ! Xun. Under Draining. Hubbard, ....$1.50 per lb.-20 cts, per oz. True Seven-year Pumpkin,

25 "

Probably the most concise and Complete Practical Essay ever pubj. M. TUDORBURN & CO..

lished on this subject. Twenty-eight Engravings. Feb, 23-W4t 15 John street, New York.

1.41XIII. Hedges,

With Thirteen Engravings. MAL L F R U ITS, ETC.

XIV, Farm Gates and Fences. 100,000 Wilson's Albany Strawberry Plants-$1 per 100—94 per 500, or

With Thirty Engravings. $7 per 1000.

So brief a summary is only calculated to give an imperfect dea of Red Antwerp, Fastolle, Knevitt's Giant and Allen Raspberries, at the general scope of the work. Over 800 Illustrations are above $1 per dozen-$5 per hundred, or $40 per thousand-or the sett, One

referred to, and there are many more in connection with various POZEN OF EACH OF THE FIVE VARIETIES, will be carefully packed and Agricultural, Horticultural, and Domestic Subjects. A Complete list forwarded on receipt of $4 by mail. "Dorchester Seedling" Blackberries by the dozen or thousand,

of the Principal Nurseries in this country and Europe, is given in the

Second Volume. Also 1,500 one year old Isabella Grape Roots, from layers, well rooted plants, $50 per thousand.


The Volumes are sold separately, and orders for either should specify Keb. 16-w26. Macedon, Wayne Co., N. Y. particularly whether the one wanted is the first or Second,


LUTHER TUCKER & SON, Jan. 1, 1860.

Albany, N.Y. 150,000 One Year Old selected Grape Roots, strong growth. PRICES Catawbas. #20 per 1,000. Isabellas, $30 per 1.000. Also 150

URE DEVONS.-I have Five HEIFERS varieties of best Native and Foreign Grapes. Fruit and Ornainental Trees, Shrubs, &c., on the best terms.

mostly prize animals, for sale-the former at a fair price, and the lat. J. P. MERRIAM, Agent, 51 MeDonough St., ter for what I can get.

Feb. 2-wllt
Sanduisky, Ohio. Feb. 16-W2t

West Cornwall, Conn.

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