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"WONDERFUL !" TSA B E L L A AND CAT AWB A

THE “TEL E GRAPH CHUR N," GRAPEVINES FOR SALE.

l which makes the best Butter in the world in Two MINUTES, and

which was pronounced the best on exhibition at the Winter Meeting 5,000 Isabella, 2 years old—5,000 Catawba, 2 years old,

of the N. Y. State Ag. Society on the 9th of this month. Price $7, and At $12.50 per 100, or $100 per 1000.

large enough for eight cows. A boy' 10 years old can work it. For Apply to LINDLEY M. FERRIS, sale by

W. W. EGGLESTON, Mar 8-wHtmlt " Coldenham Nursery, Orange Co., N. Y.

Mar 1-W4tmit

Albany, N.Y. T. A W T ON BLACKBERRIES, THE DEEP BREAKING UP PLOW.

WHIS PLOW turns a furrow Two FEET DEEP, STRAWBERRIES, ORNAMENTALS, &c.

L and of corresponding width. The subscriber has for sale a fine lot of genuine Lawtons, at $1 per

When desired, the furrow can be deepened another foot with my dozen, or $6 per 100-25 root cuttings by mail, post free, for $1. These rootlets, as experience proves, are very sure to grow. Directions to new subsoil Trench Plow, thus turning up the soil THREE FEET DEEP. accompany,

It is the most SUITABLE Plow ever used for preparing the ground for STRAWBERRIES in variety, including Wilson's Albany, Hooker,

Vineyards and Nurseries, or for any other crop requiring an extra deep Peabody, Victoria, &c.

tilth. It pulverizes the soil better, and leaves the ground in a finer Also ROSES, VERBENAS, DAHLIAS, FLOWERING PLANTS.

condition than can be done by the spade, and at about ONE-FOURTH &c., cheaper than they can be procured elsewhere. Catalogues gratis.

THE EXPENSE-thus making it a great labor-saving machine.
Mar 8--w3tralt.
H. B. LUM, Sandusky, Ohio.

THE SUBSOIL TRENCH PLOW NORTH RIVER AGRICULTURAL WARE

Penetrates the soil from one to three feet deep as required. HOUSE AND SEED STORE

THE DRAIN PLOW 60 Courtland Street, New-York City. Farmers and Dealers will find it to their advantage to give us a call

For opening deep ditches for tile or other drains. before purchasing their

THE ROCK PLOW IMPLEMENTS OR FERTILIZERS.

Turns out large stones or small rocks from either the surface or subsoil. Our motto has ever been and still is to furnish the BEST ARTICLES at the LOWEST PRICES.

DEEP TILLERS. Our IMPLEMENTS are of the most improved patterns. Our GARDEN AND FIELD SEEDS These Plows are made to run from 12 to 20 inches deep as required. Are selected from RELIABLE GROWERS.

THE GIBB'S PATENT CYLINDER PLOW Our stock of FERTILIZERS comprises the following:

Is celebrated for its ease of draft and the wide furrow it turns, No. 1 Peruvian Guano, warranted pure, “Hoyt's" Superphosphate of Lime, the best in the market. POLISHED STEEL PLOWS Poudrette, manufactured by the Lodi Manufacturing Company.

For Texas, California, and all other parts of the United States. Blood and Wool Manure, $25 per ton.

These are most suitable for clay and other adhesive soils, as they do Bone Sawings, Turnings and Ground Bone.

not adhere to the mould board. They are light and strong, and of all Land Plaster, &c.

sizes, from small one-horse to large four horse. We will furnish DEALERS with any of the above Fertilizers in quan:

All the above Plows are new patterns, manufactured for this market tities to suit at the lowest rates. GRIFFING, BROTHERS & CO..

exclusively by myself. They are remarkable for light draft and the Feb. 9-w&m3mos.

perfection of their work. Proprietors.

In addition to the foregoing, I keep upwards of ONE HUNDRED AND HIGHLAND NURSERIES, Newburgh, N. Y.

FIFTY other kinds of Plows,

ALSO ALL OTHER AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS. SAU L. (successor to the late A. J. Downing HORTICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS.-'The largest and most com

& Co..) has the pleasure of announcing to the patrons of t plete assortment to be found in the United States. old establishment, and the public in general, that his stock of

FLOWER, FIELD AND GARDEN SEEDS of all varieties. Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Plants, &c., GUANO, BONE DUST, POUDRETTE, and various other fertilizers. for sale for the ensuing spring trade, is full and complete, and com

R. L. ALLEN, Mar 15—W&mit

189 & 191 Water st., New York, prises everything to be obtained in his line of business, yız:

A large stock of Apple, Pear, Cherry, Plum, Peach, Apricot, Necta. rine and Quince trees, 1 to 3 years from the bud, of superior quality

NO. 1 P ER U V IAN GUANO, and growth. Grapevines, native and foreign, embracing all the new

Government Brand and Weight on every bag. and rare varieties. Gooseberries, Currants, Raspberries, Blackber

SUPERPHOSPHATE OF LIME ries and Strawberries, of all the new and old proved varieties. Rhu barb and Asparagus roots do.

BONE DUST, LAND PLASTER, &c.

For sale in quantities to suit purchasers, at lowest market price. Send ORNAMENTAL TREES.

for a Circular,

A. LONGETT, EVERGREENS.- A large stock of Norway Spruce of all sizes. Bal Mar 1-w&m3mg

34 Cliff street, New York. sam Fir, European Silver Fir, Austrian, Scotch and White Pines, Hemlock and American Spruce, Arbor Vitæ, Junipers, (in varieties.) TO DEALERS IN AND CONSUMERS OF and a great variety of new and rare Conifers from 1 to 5 feet high, DECIDUOUS TREES of extra size, for street planting, and giving

FERTILIZERS. immediate effect to Parks, Lawns, Cemeteries, &c., &c., such as Maples, 8 varieties; Elms, 10 varieties; Ash, 8 varieties; Oaks, 6 varieties: Catalpas, llorse Chestnuts, Ailanthus, Larch, Tulip (true,) Abele,

BEWARE OF WHOM YOU PURCHASE YOUR FERTILIZERS! Negundo, Mountain Ash, Deciduous Cypress, Weeping Willows, Lin. dens, &c., &c.

SECOND HAND GUANO BAGS, with the PERUVIAN GOVERN FLOWERING SHTRUBS.-Over 50 choice species and varieties.

MENT STAMP, are in demand, and are bringing extremely high pri ROSES. A large collection of Hybrid Perpetual, hardy Garden and

ces, for the purpose of mixing Peruvian with worthless guano, and Moss, China and Tea, &c.

selling it for a pure article. WE PURCHASE OUR GUANO DIRECT HEDGE PLANTS. -100,000 Osage Orange plants of extra growth, 1

FROM THE PERUVIAN GOVERNMENT AGENTS, and cannot to 3 years old,

therefore be imposed upon. Dealers and consumers supplied with the The above stock is all of the best quality and growth, and will be

PURE NO. 1 PERUVIAN GUANO, at the lowest cash prices, by sold on the most reasonable terms.

GRIFFING BROTHERS & CO.. A new Catalogue will be ready about the middle of March, and will

Mar 8-W6tmit

60 Courtlandt st., New York, be sent to all applicants enclosing a P. O. Stamp to prepay the same. A, SAUL, Highland Nurseries,

FARMERS! ATTENTION ! ! Mar 1-mt Mar 15-weow4t

Newburgh, N. Y. M HE subscriber is now prepared to supply any D

| quantity of the following named superior implements: E R K S HI RE P I G S from pure im- SHARES' PATENT COULTER HARROW AND GRAIN COVERER. D ported stock, for sale at $10 per pair, delivered in New York.

Price $15. Address W. H. CLAY, Staten Island, South Side Post Office, or Mar 1-w&mit"

82 Wall st., New York, 2d story. TO FARMERS AND GARDENERS.

1 The subscribers offer for sale 60,000 barrels of POUDRETTE, made by the Lodi Manufacturing Company, in lots to suit purchasers. This article is in the twentieth year of its introduction into this country, and has outlived fertilizers of every other description, for the following reasons:

1st. It is made from the night soil of the City of New York, by the L. M. C.. who have a capital of over $100,000 invested in the business, which is at risk should they make a bad article.

20. For corn and vegetables it is the cheapest, neatest and handiest manure in the world, it can be placed in direct contact with the seed; forces and ripens vegetation two weeks earlier, prevents the cut worm, doubles the crop, and is without disagreeable odor. Three dollars worth or two barrels is all sufficient to manure an acre of corn in the hill.

SHARES' PATENT POTATO-COVERING MACHINE........... $10 PRICE.-1 bbl. 42–2 bbls. $3.50–5 bbls. , and over 6 hbls. $1.50 per SUARES' PATENT CULTIVATING AND HILLING MACHINE, barrel, delivered free of cartage to vessel or railroad in New York

Price 210. City.

Which will save their cost in three days' work, besides making the A pamphlet containing every information, and certificates from work of harrowing, hoeing and hilling A PLEASURE instead of a drudge, farmers all over the United States, who have used it from two to seven. Also a full assortment of PLOWS, HARROWS, SEED PLANTERS teen years, will be sent free to any one applying for the same.

and in fact, everything required by the farmer. For particulars, aDGRIFFING BUTIERS E CO., pl W. W EGGLISTON, (successCu to Pesse & Erleston.) Feb. 16-w13tm3t. G# Courtlandt Street, New York Mar 15-W4tmlt

Albany, N. Y.

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STEEL PLOWS.

QUEEN'S SEEDSMEN. STEEL PLOW S.-We are manufacturing TE R L A WSON & SON, for the spring trade large numbers of our Mohawk Valley Clipper

Edinburgh, 1 George IV, Bridge. Plows with steel mold-board and land-side, with steel or cast point, as

LONDON, 27 Gt. George St., Westminster, S. W. desired, and would refer you to the following persons, who have them

On account of the numerous applications which have been made to in use:

PETER LAWSON & Son, to send their List of Seeds and Nursery Produce John Johnston, Geneva, N. Y.

to the United States and Canada, they beg leave to inforin the Trade J. Ingersoll, Ilion, N. Y.

in America, that they are prepared to furnish them with Wm. Summer, Pomaria, s. C.

Price Lists,
R. O. Ellis, Lyons, N. Y.
Col, A. J. Summer, Long Swamp, Florida.

and to assure them that any orders they may be favored with will reA. J. Bowman, Utica, N. Y.

ceive their best attention. A. Bradley, Mankato, Minesota.

All Orders must be accompanied by CASH, satisfactory reference in F. Mackie, Utica, N. Y.

England, or may be forwarded through CRAIG & NICOLL We are also manufacturing Sayre's Patent Horse Hoe and Potato

Feb. 2-wlt-Mar. 1-wlm2t.

No. 6 Bowling Green, N. Y. Covering Machine, Sayre's Patent Cultivator Teeth in quantities for the trade; and all kinds of steel and swage work in the agricultural DOWNING'S FRUIT AND FRUIT TREES line, Send for a circular, SAYRE & REMINGTON,

Just Published, and for Sale at this Office-sent by mail, post Jan. 26—wtf Mar. 1-mtr. Union Agricultural Works, Utica, N. Y. I paid, at $1.75.

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(DOUBLE POWER AND COMBINED THRESHER AND WINNOWER, AT WORK.) Manufacturers of Endless Chain Railway Horse Powers, and Farmers' and Planters' Machinery for Horse Power use, and owners of the Pa.

tents on, and principal makers of the following valuable Machines: WHEELER'S PATENT DOUBLE HORSE POWER,

AND

IMPROVED COMBINED THRESHER AND WINNOWER.

(SHOWN IN THE CUT.) WHEELER'S IMPROVED PATENT COMBINED THRESHER AND WINNOWER, Is a model of simplicity and compactness, and is made in the most substantial manner, so that its durability equals its efficiency and perseotion of work. Its capacity, under ordinary circumstances, has been from 125 to 175 bushels of Wheat, and from 200 to 300 bushels of Oats per day. It works all other kinds of Grain equally well, and also threshes and cleans Rice, Clover and Timothy Seed. Price, 8245. WHEEELR'S PATENT SINGLE HORSE POWER,

AND

OVERSHOT THRESHER WITH VIBRATING SEPARATOR,

Threshes from 75 to 100 bushels of Wheat, or twice as many Oats per day without changing horses—by a change nearly double the quantity may be threshed.

Price $128. WHEELER'S PATENT DOUBLE HORSE POWER,

AND

OVERSHOT THRESHER WITH VIBRATING SEPARATOR.

Doer double the work of the Single Machine, and is adapted to the wants of large and medium grain growers, and persons who make a

Price $160. business of threshing.

Wheeler's New Four-Horse or Six-Mule Horse Power,

Is a recent invention, designed to meet the wants of Southern and Western customers. We believe it the simplest and most perfect Lever Power made,

Price $100. Also, Circular and Cross-Cut Sawing Machines, Clover Hullers, Feed Cutters, Horse Rakes, and

other Farming Machines. To persons wishing more information and applying by mail, we will forward a Circular containing such details as purchasers mostly want and can refer to gentlemen having our Machines in every State and Territory.

Our firm have been engaged in manufacturing this class of Agricultural Machinery 25 years, and have had longer, larger and more extend. ed and successful experience than any other house. All our Machines are warranted to give entire satisfaction, or may be returned at the expiration of a reasonable time for trial.

W Orders accompanied with satisfactory references, will be filled with promptness and fidelity; and Machines, securely packed, will be forwarded according to instructions, or by cheapest and best routes

WHEELER, MELICK & CO. Mar 15-w2tmlt

Albany, N. Y.

Coutents of tliis Number.

THE FARM.

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ARTFORD PROLIFIC GRAPE.

Vines and Cutting Warranted strictly True.

For prices, (stating quantities wanted, &c.,) address Editorial Notes Abroad-A Day in the County of Essex,

D, S. DEWEY, Hartford, Conn. Farm Improvement, No. 2-Drainage, Manure, &c.,

108 y The H, P, is pre-eminently bardy, very early and prolific, a Remedy for Frosted Corn, by A KENTUCKY FARMER,

good table and wine grape, and ALWAYS GIVES SATISFACTION : takes Mole Plow for Draining.....

rank in Connecticut, after eleven years trial, above the Isabella and Remedy for the Cut-Worm, by A KENTUCKY FARMER.

Concord, by a recent vote of the Grape Growers' Association. Agriculture-Its Standing and Needs,

Mar 29-w2tmlt
Farming on a Small Farm, by F., .
Putting in Spring Wheat, &c, Eearly, by J. W. CLARKE,

MONCORD AND HARTFORD PROLIFIC Culture of Ruta Bagas, by JOHN W. JERVIS,...

113

2 Grapevines for sale, for $4.30 per dozen, by

114 How to Make Farming Pay, No. 2, by S. EDWAR

R. B, SHAW Mar. 92-W&mit.

116 Agricultural Education, Lectures, &c., .....

Trenton Falls, Oneida Co.. NY. Culture of Flax, by WM. NEWCOMB,. Writing for the Papers, .....

CHINESE SUGAR CANE SEED, Planting Sugar Orchards,...

grown in Georgia; genuine and perfectly matured, Samples of Smith & Winegar's Tile Machine, .........

120

4 oze, by mail, sent to any person who remits stamps to cover the posFiltration vs. Evaporation.....

tage. Sacks of 10 lbs, each delivered to cars for $1, or in any quantity Influence of the Moon on Timber....

121

by the bushel at $2.50, Poland Oats and Mexican Potatoes at $1 per Mole Plows for Draining in Ohio, by J. H. KLIPPART

bushel.
Address

I. W. BRIGGS, Ilow u Old Farm was Improved, by JNO. KELSEY, .

Mar 22--w&mit

West Macedon, Wayne Co., N. Y." Seeding Down with Oats M Corn for a Pound of Pork, by MARCUS

I N How to Clean Seed Wheat, by G., .

- R A N B E R R Y P L A N T s Culture of the Ruta Baga, by M. S. K

U of the best known varieties, grown on upland and on lowland. Value of Hay Caps, by J, L. R.

Price $6 per 1000. By mail, postpaid, $1 per 100.. Culture of Millet for Feed, by c.G. TAYLOR, ?:

D. L. HALSEY. Inquiries and Answers,...

Mar 92-w7tm2t

Victory, Cayuga Co., N. Y. Four Thousand Bushely Corn on Forty Acres,

RNES, .. 129 Cost of Raising Grain, by FARMER Box, ...

PRINCE ALBERT POTATOES. Notes for the Month... Construction of Gate Hinges......

131

A

O How to Raise Carrots, ........

The genuine article, selected, of medinm size, for seed, will be de

livered at Cayuga Bridge on Central Railroad, or at Ithaca, for $3 a THE GRAZIER AND BREEDER.

barrel of two and a half bushels. Address, with the money, Weights of New Jersey Hogs, by WATSON NEW BOLD,

109 Mar 22-w2mit

R. IIALE Aurora, Cayuga Co., N, Y. How to Make Cows Take the Bull.... On Raising Calves, by LEVI BARTLETT,

I ENTUCKY HUNTER FOR SALE. Cure for Scratches in Horses, by J. H. R., Advantages of Soiling Cattle, by J. L. R...

A superb entire colt, 4 years old June next, 15 hands, bright

bay, beautiful in symmetry, and graceful in style of action. The A Sure Remedy for Lice on Animals, by S. EDWARDS, DODD..

above coit will stand until sold at the stable of the owner, Fatal Disease among Cattle in Massachusetts, ......

Mar 29-w&mit C. C. PHELPS, Vernon, Oneida Co,, N, Y. HORTICULTURAL DEPARTMENT. Gas Tar for Trees, by H, H. EM MONS.

1071

UONOLULU NECTARINE SQUASH. Raising Chestnuts and Walnuts from t

1 Universally pronounced A MARVEL; named and introduced by The Black Knot on Plum Trees........

107 the "RURAL. EMPIRE CLUB" in 1858. Samples of the stewed and dried How to Make a lot-Bed, by W. PETRIE,..

fesh sent by mail, called forth among hundreds of others, the followCulture of the Perennial Phloxes, by WM, Newcom

12 ing expressions. Remedy for the Squash Bug, .....

From B. P. JOHNSON, Sec. N. Y. S. Ag. Society: 'Never have tasted Buist's Dwarf Okra Plant, .......

115 anything in the Squash line that compares with this, Pie Melon and Ground Cherry, by P, WHITTLESEY,

From H. MEIGOS. Sec. Farmer's Club, New York: "Without poetry, Culture of Brussels Sprouts, by EDGAR SANDERS,

your Squash is Nectareous," Covering Tender Stems of Plants, ....

From D. REDMOND, Ed, Southern Cult., Géo.: "The Squash' is a Raising New Sorts of Strawberries, .

119

marvel-real confectionary." Profits of Fruit Culture,

From C. M. SAXTOX, Pub, of Horticulturist. N. Y.: "The women Select List of Shrubs, by G. Bj"

| folks pronounced it SPLENDID! Pray tell me more about this squash," Raising Grapes from Cuttings, .....

From Co. Gent.: "Its texture is so fine that it all melts away in the

mouth." RURAL ARCHITECTURE.

From Rural New Yorker: "Is certainly a vast improvement in flaArtificial Stone Blocks for Building, ..

112 vor and sweetness from anything in the way of unadulterated Squash Description of a Good Barn, by Lav BARTLETT, ..................

that we ever before tasted,"

From Lowell Courier, Mass.: "Without exception, the finest Squash DOMESTIC ECONOMY.

we ever tasted, and is greatly superior even to the Hubbard." JTow to Make a Cheap Paint, by (HALLOWAY, ...

115

A specimen of the “Dried Nectar" will be forwarded by mail to Treatment of Burns, by P. P. PECKHAM,..

115

applicants who wish to know more of this remarkable vine fruit, with

11% ont charge: and seeds may be had of us in any desired quantity, for Four Ways of Cooking the Sweet Potato, by W. NICHOLSON, .. Family Recipes, by Mrs. ELIHU BROWN.........

128

$1 per dozen, by mail. Address
Mar 22-W&mit

West Macedon, Wayne Co., N. Y.
THE DAIRY DEPARTMENT.
Ilow to Make Good Butter in Winter, by J. L, R.,.........

NOVELTIES!-NO V EL TIES!! Requisites for Making Good Butter,......

......

NOVELTIES!!!
ILLUSTRATIONS.

THE PERFECTED Tomato, 25 cents; by mail 28 cents.
Hot-Bed, ...
. 111 Okra Plant, ...

115 Smith & Winegar's Tile Machine, ..........

ACCLIMATED GOLDEN GREEN JAPAN WINTER SQUASH,

25 cents-hy mail 28 cents

THE TRUE HONOLULU NECTARINK SQUASH, 25 cents---by mail 28 cents. SHORT-HORNS AND SUFFOLKS-For sale, WHITE LEGHORN SQUASH, (very large.) 25 cents-by mail 28 cents.

several young Short-Horns, bulls and heifers, bred from excellent MAMMOTH CUBA SQUASH, 25 cents-by mail 28 cents. milking stock, (see Herd Book.) Also Suffolk swine of all ages, bred MAMMOTH CHILI SQUASH, 25 cents-by mail 28 cents. from Messrs. Stickney's stock. Address W. H. HARISON,

IMPROVED LIMA MARROW SQUASH, 25 cents-by mail 28 cents.
Feb. 33-w9m2t.
Morley, St. Lawrence Co., N. Y.

New MAHOGANY SQUASII, 25 cents-by mail 28 cents.
HORO U G H-BRED STOCK. SANDWICH ISLAND SQUASH, 25 cents-by mail 29 cents.
YOUNG AYRSHIRE BULLS, young DEVON BULLS--also

TRUE HUBBARD SQUASH, 20 cents-by mail 29 cents,
HEIFERS. various ages, bred from the best imortations, for sale by 1 JAPAN APPLE PIE MELON, (true,) 25 cents-by mail 28 cents.
ALFRED M, TREDWELL,

BRADFORD WATERMELON, (fine) 25 cents-by mail 28 cents.
Mar 15-W4tmlt
No. 45 Fulton st., New York City.

POMARIAN WATERMELON, 10 cents-by mail 13 cents.
SHARES' COULTER HARROW.

TRAxt's EVERGREEN PEA, 25 cents-by mail 46 cents. The undersigned are owners of the Patent Right for New York

SDS, 10 cents—by mail 19 cents. city and county, Westchester, Kings, Queens, Suffolk and Richmond PHYSALIS ALKEKENGI, (new Strawberry Tomato.) 10 cts.-by mail 18c. counties.

THE NEW DWARF Sun-FLOWER-GREEN-CENTERED HELIANTHUS, Persons desiring this implement for use in any of said counties, are

(truly ipagnificent,) 25 cents--by mail 28 cents. cautioned not to buy except made and stamped by the undersigned.

SEVEN YEARS CUSTARD PUMPKIN, (true,) 25 cents-by mail 28 cents.
TREDWELL & PELL,
No. 45 Fulton street, New York City.

FEJEE ISLAND TOMATO, (very solid.) 10 cents-by mail 13 cents. P. S. For Circulars with description, address as above.

On receipt of FOUR DOLLARS the entire assortment will be mailed Mar 1-W4trnlt

to one address, and postage paid. For sale by

WM. TITORBURN Seedsman, HTUDSON RIVER ANTWERP RASPBERRY

Mar 22-W4tmit

490 & 492 Broadway, Albany, N. Y. II PLANTS, $2.50 per 100; $20 per 1000. Lawton and Newman's Thornless Blackberry Plants, $6 per 100.

LA L B A N Y TIL E WORKS,

DAVID KETCHAM, Oct, 1-mtf.

CORNER CLINTON AVENUE AND KNOX STREET, ALBANY, N. Y. Milton, Ulster Co., N. Y.

•1 . The Subscribers, being the most extensive manufacturers of DRAIN. T. A W TON BLACKBERRY.-TO

ING TILE in the United States, have on hand, in large or small quan.

tities, for Land Draining, ROUND, SOLE and KORSE-SHOE TILE, obtain the original variety for field or garden culture, address

ield or garden culture, address warranted superior to any made in this country, hard-burned, and

WM. LAWTON, New Rochelle, N. Y. over one foot in length. Orders solicited. Price List sent on applica. or Circulars, with ample directions, will be forwarded to all appli- tion.

C. & W. McCAMMON, cants, free. Aug. 1-m121. Jan, wtf.Feb 1-mtl.

Albany, N. Y.

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Editorial Notes Abroad.

DUBLISHED BY LUTHER TUCKER & SON. small portion of its surface “can be considered a natural I EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS, 395 BROADWAY, ALBANY, N. Y soil for wheat;" and yet we are met by the statistical fact J. J. THOMAS ASSOCIATE EDITOR, UNION SPRINGS, N. Y. that more than 200,000 acres—more than one-fifth of its AGENTS IN NEW YORK ::.

total area under tillage--an area “including thin chalks, C. M. SASTON, BARKER & Co., Ag. Book Publishers, 25 Park Rok. liungry gravels and blowing sands," produces an average

THE CULTIVATOR has been published twenty-six years. A NEW SERIES was commenced in 1853, and the seven volumes for 1853, 4, 5, 6,

of this grain. Speaking, then, of the county, as we should 7, 8 and 9, can be furnished, bound and post-paid, at $1.00 each.

TERMS-Forte CENTS A YEAR. -Ten copies of the CUI TIVATOR and of one grand farm, and basing our statements upon the Ten of the ANNUAL REGISTER OF RURAL AFFAIRS, with one of each free to the Agent, Hve Dollars.

figures collected in 1854 by Sir John Walsham, as quoted “THE COUNTRY GENTLEMAN," a weekly Agricultural Journal by Mr. Read, we might roughly lay off this extensive esof 16 quarto pages, making two vols. yearly of 416 pages, at $2.00 per year, is issued by the same publishers.

tablishment as consisting, one-fifth of permanent pasture, while the remaining four-fifths will apportion themselves nearly equally between the different divisions of that rota

tion which owes to the county its origin, its common name No. XXX---NORFOLK AGRICULTURE and its world-wide celebrity. In other words, could we

summon some East-Anglian chieftain of ancient sovereignIn recurring to my memoranda about the Agricultural

ty, back from the quiet sleep of centuries to active dominion affairs of this noted county of Norfolk, it is proper to dis

18-as of yore, over the twelve hundred and eighty thousand claim any effort toward an exhaustion of the subject,

subject, acres of Norfolk, how little would he recognize in what he either in a few dashing sentences, or indeed with all the

saw, the primeval state of “cold obstruction” in which so patient labor that I might, or would or could devote to it.

much of it once lay at the mercy of every wind and wave, The Royal Agricultural Society of England, in the pursu

and which still characterizes about 275,000 acres-a linance of that policy which the Society of our own State

gering remnant too obstinate for the science and labor has been imitating, as by degrees its funds have permitted

" of our day, even, to subdue at a profit. He would see such - from time to time has offered valuable premiums for

oxen as were never roasted whole in the day of his glories, Reports upon the Agriculture of the several counties.

and such sheep as never furnished him a fleece, grazing That upon the Farming of Norfolk, awarded the sum of

over luxuriant herbage; he would find the four-field system £80 about 16 years ago, is said to “fill more than 400 in

100 in possession of fully its due proportion of wheat, having in pages of a large octavo volume." The Society, indeed,

Y, indeed; turnips and similar crops another part, in barley and oats appears in this instance to have really won a somewhat

a third, and in artificial grasses the remainder. In glancelephantine prize; the Journal would not contain it, and

ing over the map of his much metamorphosized domain, the bulky and all-devouring document was given over to

however, and coming down from these generalities to a the slow and inglorious death of separate publication.

little more accurate acquaintance with what his successors During the interval between the day of the protracted are accomplishing, he would learn that the money-bringing Survey of Norfolk Agriculture just alluded to, and the crops are actually the ones that exceed their allotment of present era of more hurried and less complete performan-space in this rough estimate! He would see the farm ces, there has not a little taken place to mark the period- employed short though it is—as one of interest and general progress. In Wheat, ..............

208,000 acres

Barley, 174,000; Oats, 35,000; Rye, 6.000, ..... I owe my acknowledgments to Clare SEWELL READ, Esq.,

215,000 do.

Turnips, 161,000; Mangolds, 16,000; Beans and Peas, for numerous illustrations of the changes that have occur 20,000; Vetches, 3,000, .........

201,000 do.

Clover and Artificial Grasses, 172,000; Bare fallow, red-many of them described in an Essay upon the subject

10,000; Carrols, Cabbages, &c., 9,000; Potatoes, then just furnished by him to the Society's Journal --upon

193,000 do. which I shall rely as the source of most of the following

812,000 do lowing Which, with the permanent pasture, ................ 193,000 do. facts: for the fame of the County, not less than the lessons Gives the total area under Tillage, ................. 1,005,000 do. which they may perhaps be made to convey, seem to me I doubt if the round numbers as above given, would not sufficient to warrant for their consideration, a longer quite suffice to lay the ghost of our intrusive Saxon, in pause than usual, at this point in our journeyingg. mercy to the repose of whose bones, wearied and worn

Let us then bear in mind that we are by no means en- in unsuccessful conflict with the invading and usurping tering the Garden of England, so far as natural advanta. Norman, let us forbear tracing the triumphs of the latter ges are concerned, however its present appearance and pro- | into all the intricate exactness of units and fractions. ducts might apparently justify such an appellation. But al The interesting statistics collected by Sir John Walsh.

2,000,...............................

am cover the two years 1853 and 1854, and the value, ot of tediousness and repetition, as the auctioneer sometimes such tables of agricultural, facts, is argued from the proot * dwells” upon his figures in the hope of exciting his afforded by these, that Norfolk was growing in 1864, 13, hearers to enlarge their ideas a little, there is scarcely any 000 acres more of wheat, feeding nearly 10,000 more bul way of bringing a fact home to practical realization that more locks, and had 7,600 acres less lying idle in bare fallow, completely accomplishes the purpose than statistical tables, than during the preceding year. Many English farmers, if only a fair hearing can be had for them. Let us now indeed all, I presume, of those more advanced in their inquire farther in regard to the general characteristics of cultivation and their views,—are strongly in fayor of the Norfolk agriculture. adoption of some system of collecting thorough and com- Charles II is said to have observed that “Norfolk should plete Agricultural Statistics,-a measure which would be be cut into roads for all the rest of England." I do not of great value and interest in American Agriculture, but know whether the remark was made out of compliment to which, there as here, finds numerous opponents of that the roads then existing in this county, or because he class who think all “ignorance is bliss,”

thought its light soil good for nothing else than to form The table of Live Stöck maintained in the County, shows a dry road-bed. one horse to rather less than 18 acres tillable land; all Coming into the County as I did, however, from Petermost one head of cattle to every 10 acres; 841,591 sheep borough, through March, Wisbeach and Lynn Regis, the to 1,005,135 acres, or not very far short of the ideal of first that I saw of it, was that alluvial district, partaking the best English farming, “one sheep per acre," and about more of the character of the Lincolnshire and Cambridgeas many pigs as there are cattle, It is in thus examining shire fens, than resembling the more easterly portions of the well attested results of English Agriculture upon large Norfolk. It was my good fortune to find a most obliging aesurfaces, that we ascertain really what it can and does ao-quaintance and guide in the train that morning, who pointcomplish; we are not talking of some “high farmer's" (ed out to me several “steamers," where this power is in sayings and doings, but we are taking the average of the use in pumping or otherwise promoting the drainage of bad and good over a whole county.

the land. The soil, according to Mr. Read, is here mostly To reduce the figures exactly to the standard of a a layer of peat from 2 to 20 feet in thickness, resting for. one-hundred acre farm, in order that our farmers may thus tunately upon a substratum of clay-fortunately because judge upon a more familiar basis as to the allotment of it is by claying, as well as by draining, that this peat can the land and what it produces, we find that the scale of chiefly be rendered productive, some of it being so light operations in Norfolk, if carried out similarly upon one that "on losing the water it blows away." Extraordinary hundred acres, would give us :

dressings of clay, marl, chalk, and in some cases sand, 20.2 acres in wheat-30 bush. 1 pk. per acre........ 611 bushels wheat. have been applied, “ from one to two and even three bim17.3 do barley-38 bush. 2 pks. do.

664 do. barley. 4.1 do. oats--16 bush. per acre,.............. 187 do: oats dred loads per acre;" and it is rarely if ever considered So much for the grain produced. The proportion of possible to apply too much, because the more the peat is bare fallow would be less than the land which lies waste in consolidated the better, and because any excess of lime, one spot and another, on the majority of hundred-acre " which would be injurious on uplands," can expend itself farins with us, being only one acre and a very small frac- bere "in converting the superabundance of vegetable mattion. We should then have

ter into fertilizing substances." . In roote, (exclusive of potatoes.)... In cabbage, potatoes, &c., (inclnd'g bare fallow as above,) potatoes de bare followerboxe200 acres.

2.0

In reclaiming these fens some bad mistakes appear inIn clover, lucern and artificial grasses.

deed to have been made. Draining the peat simply, is of In permanent pasture..................

no avail. Clay, marl or chalk, are necessary applications, Total of the Farm, grain land and all, .................. 100.0 “

Some of the peat that rests upon sand, so long as the waAnd we should be keeping 5 horses, and a fraction large

ter remains "within six inches of the surface," will proenough to cover a well grown 3 year old colt; 9 head of cattle and a calf or two; 9 or 10 pigs, and between 80

duce a “rongh sub-aquatic grass; take the water away and and 90 sheep. How does this compare with the results of

it grows nothing," and the channels made to drain it, have what is called with us good farming? If it was not that the

therefore been dammed up, but the money expended upon

the process has not been so easily recovered. Indeed Mr. New-York census of 1855 is well known to have been taken in a peculiarly bad season, it would have been worth the

Read mentions the "prevalent idea that the fens are now

drained too much," although he considers it well founded while to place the figures of some one of our counties, side

only in exceptional cases like the above. He also states by side with the foregoing; but we do not wish for the sake of a contrast to represent our farming as any worse than

that the “drainage was begun at the wrong end; each

proprietor was endeavoring to throw the water off from the reality. In 1869, considered as it was the best year for

his own land, whereas if the mouth of the river Oase wheat, 1816 alone excepted, within the memory of our

“had been properly altered and deepened, thousands of farmers, the writer has heard the estimated average yield

acres that are now drained by steam, would have had fall of Onondaga and perhaps also of Ontario and Seneca coun

enongh for a natural drainage." ties, placed by good judges at not far below 25 bushels per acre; these three counties have something more than

[ There is also in the southwest of Norfolk a "large threc-fourths the area of improved land which Norfolk

tract of blowing sand," formerly “all rabbit-warren and contains, and probably but about one-tenth of this area

sheep walk," and still described as poor and comparativewas in wheat, both winter and spring, in the one case,

ly barren-of which I had a glimpse in returning from Norwhile in the other the proportion of wheat lands was fully

wich to London, after leaving Attleborough, and from twice as great.

| Thetford to Brandon. Nevertheless, here as elsewhere Although we have extended these reflections at the risk

the English farmer turns what he has to the best account;

these out-lying sheep-walks are of importance to the hold* Neither the soil or climate of Norfolk suits oats very well, and "theers of arablc farms, affording "in certain favorble seasons, yield is insignificant," says Mr. READ, when compared with the averages of barley and wheat.

| a great amount of hard but healthy herbage for the large

In roots, ce, potatoes, Artificial gra

17.1

.......

19.2

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