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"the season of the year when simtlar bodies may be most fut of the mixture every three hourly powing it down the thront of effectively organized. They are transitanda to

the animal, and also three quarts of gruel given in the

same way twice

found in the toneessful. The first : To improve the condition of the village of Homer and its Writer further added, that in his own locality he had known arsenio

green food the animal was

was grass, The vicinity, and specially 11. To beautify th: Public Park, by making and ptoperly sustaining all to fail biut horapprehended it had been wrongly administered." - necessary and convenient walks and carriage-ways,

Hie Another gentlemaņ prescat, Dr. Stronge, had known By planting and protecting shade trees ornamental shrubbery kind Mowers.

arsenic given three or By making such other improvements from time to time as shall be four times a day, deemed useful and practicable, bit. To imprare and beautify the whole town and vicinity.

use. We thought it in all cases of great importance that and aiding necessary and ornamentin eres lalong the prestige

gerent the planting of shade the first biyniptoms of the disease should be detected, and By securing the removal from puplic places and highway, any pox- that further investigations should at once be made into its ious reeds and other nuisances, that may detract from the beauty of real charaetery it as a los 1,1's. 4. 'encourage the introduction into town, by exchanges and e purchase of any desirable or rare trees pueblos de solteros en el trasiekamp Solbat has fever that went on for several

days, and

fever came pleuro fruits, &

bersed the

the was then almost . sur In addition to the annual meetings, three other stated the und became partnered, Free diseases en tots elde believed that he meetings are provided for:

biomechaman having suggested that there should be no E LA Swing Gala day on the Saturdáy preceding the 1st of May, tur haydofw inténtele sheds, with the view of promoting betGeneral tree planting and for such other exercises as the ofioers way ter ventilation, Dr. S. liad no doubt that this would operate 2. A saminer Festival in June.

band and be Ye A Fal Floral and Fruit Festival

the musenic remedy to act so favorably

until thing Ej The concluding provision is also an important one: es better, was discovered this course of treatment was un

0 As tree planting in the Public Park and along the highways, sis doubtedly the most rational. of each male member to plant at least one tree or shrub

binadamu From the remarks that followed we infer that this 1 such places as the pingens ingy directorini,

Tease is spreading in Ireland, and that it was carried there Both those subjects have been passed by from week originally by importation. to week under the pressure of other matterss until it is reg II .991 now too late to give to them with advantage the space which is Western N. N. Ag, and Mech. Association, is

51 you bas i at one time we hoped to have done. Spring with its laborsi

is already upon us, and another sowing and reaping will soon A meeting was held at Rochester pursuant to nobave been numbered with those of years gone by. But tice, March 16, for the purpose of inaugurating a “West

we should like to bespeak the assistance of our correspondents another autumn, in discussing the best plays for ern New-York Agricultural and Mechanical Associatiori." Farmers' Clubs, and to elicit then from those that have From the report in the next day's papers, we learn that ubeen successful, any experience that is likely to prove ad- Gen. Jacob Gould of Rochester, was chosen President, aħd

pantageous to younger bodies. . Who will take a little Jacob Hiuds, Orleans ;- C. K. Ward, Genesee; J. E. Patpains to collect for us during the summer some facts as to terson, Monroe, Orange Saoket, : Livingston ;. Wm. S. the number of such organizations in active operation, their Clark, Ontario, and C. B. Rogers, Wayne, Vice Presidents

of system of proceedings, times of meeting, &c. ? We, and we think our readers, too, would be greatly obliged for the meeting: A number of speakers took part in the dis

09 such information, and it could not fail, toward the close or cussions that ensued, the active labois of the year, to produce an excellent effect

On motion of P. Barts, a committee of five, consisting of the follow. in providing new means of improvement for the quieter Amicultural. Itorticultarat and Mechanical Society for Western New

ing gentlemen, was appointed to present a plan of organization for an months. Those who appreciate Farmer's Clubs will please York, and report at the opening of the afternoon session :: Barry pot permit us to forget the cause, five or six months. Monroe, Martin Briers Monroe P. P. Bradish, Geriesee ; F. B. Pier:

, Livingston; E. MParsons, hence, and we shall hope at that time to put them The Report of this committee, presented in the afterin the way of doing much good unto others.

noon, mentions among the peculiar features which it is

desired to present in the new association, the continuance PLEURO-PNEUMONIA IN CATTLE. of its shows for a longer period than has heretofore been

customary, and "connecting with them a Fair for the salo ter The recent supposed appearance of a contagious and exchange of farm stock, implements, machinery, &c." Pleuro-Pneumonia among cattle in Massachusetts, renders They distinctly repudiate, as several speakers had preany additional light that can be thrown upon the subject viously done, “any appearance of antagonism to the State at this tirae particularly acceptable. Even if the disease ache jilan of a Joint Stock Association, to be designated the Western

Society.”:, They recommend that appeared was not that which has occasioned so much New York Agricultural, Horticultural and Mechanical Association, to loss in other éountries, or if, being the same, it has al- $50,000 in brores of $18 each ; to obtain a charter from the State: to

be located permanently at Rochester, to have a capital of at least ready mostly passed away, -it will still be advantageous and erret thereon spacious and convenient buildings for the display

procure forts to one hundred acres of suitable land for Show Grounds how to place on record any thing that can be learned from of articles in the varions departments. its ravages abroad, in order that we may be prepared to teda sirom the remarks of D. D. T. Moore, Esq

. of the

After some spoeches pro and con, this report was adopgive it a proper reception if it should come among us Rural New-Yorker; the design entertained is apparently to hereafter.

merge the present County Society in the new Association. " Col. B. P. Johnson has received through the Russian Whether Ontario and other neighboring counties are to Consul General at New York, M. DE NATTHIEK, a quarto imitate Monroe in this respect, is not stated. They are } volume of over a hundred pages, printed at St. Peters- expected, however, to subscribe towards its support.

Mr. "burg in 1854, containing an official report upon the sub- Barry, was careful to point out that no idea of rotation ject, with t¥o colored plates. As this is in German, and from one point to another in Western New-York could be extends over ground so wide, we páss it by for the pre-entertained for a moment. We have no doubt that there sent, but if further examination renders it expedient, shall are resources enough in that region of country to render endeavor at some future period to review the facts and the new Society, the most flourishing and successful local

recommendations it offers. ** domestnim det organization in the State, and it now seems to be in the ia. We are also indebted to Col. J. for a copy of the “Jour right hands to call these resources into activity. nal of the Chemico-Agricultural Society of Ulster," Ireland, for February. From the proceedings at the January President-ADDISON P. JONES,

OFFICERS OF GREENE CO. AG. SOCIẾty for 1860: meeting of the Council, we learn that Dr. Hodges had re- Vice Presidents--Lewis Sherrii, Burton G. Morss, Elijah P, Bushnell. ceived a letter from the county Tyrone, stating that its

Prentiss W. Hallenbeck, Lucias Pond.
Treasurer-Danforth R. Olney.

0938 979 Jords swriter.“ bad never lost an animal by the disease, and that Secretary--Poratio L. Day.

3:48Seguis lo 3r the only medicine he administered was arsenic."

Directors - Thomas R. Holcomb, Horace B. Kirtland, John Feeney, zísi. He poised Ave gralns of it with white sugar, and gave a teaspoon- Isaac J. Van Allen, Luke Koe, Edward Jobpson. clod od: #1 ೪೯rt 4 : SSLC ... ? BUI SE

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PEACH BORER---Egeria Exitiosa. The remedy that I will now advance may not prove in

fallible everywhere, but it has succeeded well with me, and Editors Co. GENT. -Every one who has cultivated the has fully convinced me that this plague, as well as others of peach must be familiar with the mischief done the trees like nature, can be most successfully overcome by me. by the larvæ or worm of this beautiful insect. Without chanical processes. We know that in the case of the plum, going into a long scientific description of the male or jarring the tree bas been decided to be, thus far, the most female larvæ, the pupa and follicle, which would be inter effectual preventive of the ravages of its great enemy. My esting only to the entomologist, I shall merely remark that plan is to give the peach trees a thorough hand worming the insect or fly which lays the eggs on the tree might be in June, then to pack the clay (which in planting was taken for a wasp. The only difference consists in its not thrown from the bottom of the holes) firmly around the having the divided body, which, in the feucale of this in, trunk, from six inches to a foot in height, conically, and sect, is of a very dark steel-blue, with a purplish tinge and hoe it away again in October. I had this mowoding opera: a yellowish baud across the body about two-thirds of the tion performed about two years ago, (neglecting, however, way down, being provided with two blue wings, and two to remove the clay until last fall,) when in about 1,000 half blue and hall transparent. The male is all blue, with trees we found but three worms! The rationale is this--the transparent wings. They are rarely seen, and when 'scen insect requires and searches for tender bark on which to are ever in an active and restless state. In vighteon years lay its eges, and to find this will remove loose soil at the I have not seen half a dozen ; but that is not material - base of the tree for half an inch and even an inch down. the worm is the principal object of interest, and be may when the base is thus mounded they find Dothing but be found on the root of almost any peach-tree, varying in hard bark-another is then tried, when finding things in number from one to a dozen or more, Eighteen years the same condition, they finally abandon the field alto ago I planted 2000 of these trees, and having already getber. It is but seldom we find wors above ground in heard something of this destroyer, thought it must cer- the hard burk, although they do sometimes resort to the tainly be an casy matter to head him, and without regard forks of the main limbs where the bark is tepderer, but one to the numerous preventives prescribed by the knowing there is soon detected. ones, began with an original experiment, which consisted Now, as above stated, I do not put this forth as an inin binding strong paper about the lower part of the trunks, fallible remedy applicable to all climates, soils, and situawhich, in order to prevent the destructive effects of tions; but it has suaeeded in iny case, and being both weather, I painted on the outside with coal-tar, that gene- cheap and simple, certainly deserves a trial. rally supposed bane of the insect-world. Having treated

Mt. Carmel 0.

T. V. PETICOLAS. about 200 of the trees in this manner, I resorted to the old methods with the remainder-putting ashes about

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) soine, dosing soine with lime, painting some a foot high

SCRATCHES IN HORSES. with eoal-tar, and planting others ardund with that soveroigos't remedy of all-tansey. But it was all in vain; the I frequently see articles in the agricultural and other egys would be laid and the cruel work go on,

papers headed " A Cure for Seratches in Horses," in which If there was any desirable difference in the vigor of the a great variety of remedies are recommended. Some tif attack, I fancied it to be in favor of those to which the them have the appearance of being based upon scientific lime had been applied ; though I believe the paper and principles, while a majority partake more of qnackery than tar treatment would have proved effectual could it have

One man calls it a local disease, and been preserved, but in most cases it was sufficiently gone

treats it with a variety of ointments and washies; another by fall to permit the deposit of the eggs; for it must be says it is constitutional, and drenches his horse with all

sorts of nostrums, Thus they jog along, no two agreeing remembered that this insect lays two distinct crops of eggs, one in June and the other in September, and hence in regard to the nature of the disease, its eause, or its

treatinent. the only certain preventive is one that will be active be

This diversity of opinion has induced me to fore and after these months. Now, with all respect for give my experience, that others may be saved the vexathe general belief in the virtues of coal-tar in such cases, 1 tious disappointments which the majority of these “arti

cles » will encourage. would advise every one to let it alone. I have killed both apple and peach trees with it, and not, as may be sup: portion of my father's horses as my part of the chores,"

While yet a lad, I had charge during the winters of a posed, from any poisonous quality in the tar, but simply because being black it becomes such a powerful absorbent and the first indication of the scratches would send me of heat as literally to bake that portion of the bark which delving in the pages of Mason, or Hinds, or "Every Man it covers. If any one would test this, let him place his his own Doctor,” to find a remedy, and when found I as hand on the side of the tree any time in June or July and eagerly applied it

. What was the result? Well, “to tell he will know why coal-tar kills trees about which it is the truth," I did not have very good success; for if they used. To be sure, the latter-day practice of low-limbing healed they would soon appear again, and as might be ex. does much to obviate this difficulty, and yet I have long pected, I was lead to believe it constitutional, and turned been convinced that the popular idea that powerful and to dosing the poor animals with like effect. And thus be. disagreeable odors have any terror for the insect tribe, is tween eight or ten horses, I was pretty sure of having one a popular error; they either have no olfactories at all, or or more patients on my hands nearly the whole time. You what they have are exceedingly limited in the capacity of can imagine my disappointment, and I abandoned all discriminating

applications, “threw physic to the dogs," and commenced Tar is, doubtless, useful in keeping off rabbits, &e., but had no trouble with the scratches." It is something over

to keep my horses' legs clean ; since which time I have it should be mixed with sufficient whitewash to give it a twenty years since I have made au application or given a color resembling the bark.

dose of inedicine for this disease, and though I have had A correspondent of the Scientific American in a late no. more or less horses during the whole time, I have had no recommends coal-tar to be used at the base of plum trees difficulty in keeping my horses free from this malady, unas a preventive of the curculio, but he does not seem to less I trusted them to other hands to groom. know that that insect has wings. I tried that same plan many But I have said enough; and now for my course of years ago, when the opinion prevailed that the curculio treatment —both preventive and cure. It is simply this: was too sluggish to fly, and although it did not kill the schen grooming the horse, to clean his legs and locals with trees outright, wherever the sun had access, there the bark a common horse brush. I do not stop brushing when the was destroyed. Boiling water will kill the peach-worm, thickest of the dirt is off, but continue to brush until the but the tree goes with them.

hair and skin are perfectly clean. This is done every Caustic lime packed around the root, and then watered, morning, and as I have already said, I am never troubled has been recently prescribed, but if heat enough is thus with their appearance. I now own a horse, which when generated to cook the worns, you may depend upon losing purchased two years since, was badly troubled in this way, the tree at the same time.

and had been for three years previous to my personal

Common sense.

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knowledge. With my usual care in cleaning, he was re-examine the udder and see if it is not soro, when she has good lieved in the course of ten days or two weeks, since which reason to do so, and attention should be directed to the case time there has not been the slightest appearance of "the at once; even then she should be milked gently; slowly or seratches”

fast, as appears best; 'and, by the way, in ordinary milk5 Nor would I advise washing the sores with castile soap ings, the faster it is done the better; by all means inilk with as is generally recommended, bceause it is rarely done as considerable rapidity on many uccounts. 10 the cow kicks et should be, and the same end can be attained by brush- when ber uddor is not sore, it must be owing to previous rudeing, unless ointments have been applied. And uuless the persuasion. If the animal is wild, aod has lately come into

ness of treatment and should be overcome by gentleness and soap is perfectly rinsed off, and the legs rubbed until they your possession, baving become in other hands an înveterate are perfectly dry, the washing is positively injurious. I kicker, do not discard her at once. We have known the most would say to all, “take the brushi and try that, and if it desirable cows to be addicted to this habit. She only requires, operates in other hands as it has in mine, they will be in aduition to the above gentle treatment, which should indeed satisfied with the result."

never forsake the milkman or waid in their management of Some may ask, “What is your theory--the modus cattle, under any cireunistances --(kindness and attention to operandi-of the brushing ?” If there are any such, to his animals being a great resource and a continual reward to them I would say, “throw both theory and modus ope stands in an easy position--not bound together tight or strained,

the faxurer)--thant the hind legs be tied to each other as she randë to the dogs," and not discurd a fact because it is not but separated at the usual distance when untied. Many have accompanied by a senseless and unintelligible theory, as been soon cured in this way, who, from being difficult of apis too often done

proach, bave become valuable animals, yielding a large quan. 1 I intended to have spoken of the too common practice lity of milk, and very docilo and quiet. of dosing horses to keep them healthy," but find my article is already too long, and refrain. Not a V. S.

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) f". We hope the writer will resume this subject, as the

MIS !!

TRANSFERRING BEES. proper treatment of horses is oue which needs discussion.

MESSIS. EbrronS-I see in the Co. Gent. of Jan. 5, that CAULIFLOWERS.

some one wishes information in regard to driving becs, or

whether it is possible to move them from one hive to anothor. The Gardener's Chronicle, London, quotes from a German I will give some of my experience the past senson. paper the following description of the method used by the

In May last I purchased the right to use the Langstroth Dutcla to obtain their Cauliflowers, which are famous for their bee-kive Shortly after, one of my neighbors, bearing I had

got that hive, caule to see mo, as he had heard and read size and delicacy :

about them, and also that bees could be moved from the old In the autumn they dig deep some ground that has not been box bive into them, and to see the experiment tried. He manured; at the beginning of May they sow the large Eng- offered to give me n colony of bees in one of the box hives, if lish Cauliflower upon a bed of manure, and cover it with straw I would move them into the Langstroth. So I got my bivo mnats at night. When the young plunts are 3 or 4 inches high, ready and started to my neighbor's, with doubts in my own they harrow the ground that had been prepared the autumn mind as to the result, ns I had never seen anything of the before, and with a wooden dibble, 18 inches long, they make kind myself, but the experiment was entirely successful. holes about 10 inches deep, at proper distances apart, and en- Now the way it was done was this. I took the hive conlarge them by working the dibblo round till the hole at the taining the bees some five yards from where it stood, and top is about three inches in diameter. They immediately ill turned it bottom upwards, and placed over it an empty hive these holes with water, and repeat this three times the same of corresponding size, after which I gently drummed the botday. In the evening they fill them with sheep's dong, leav- tom hive with a couple of small sticks, for about fifteen ing only room enough for the young plant, which they very minutes, when I found the bees had all ascended to the top carefully remove froin the bed of manure, and place in the hive. I then set it on a sheet and tied it up. I then cut tho hole with a little earth. Directly afterwards they give them combs loose from one side of the kive, and with a saw blade a good watering, and as soon as the sun begins to dry them, forced off the side of the hive, took out the combs, fitted them water them again. Furthermore, as the plants grow, they into the moveable frames, adjusted them in the bive, and dig round them and earth them up in rows. When the head closed it up all but the entrance. I then placed the new hive is forming, they pinch off some of the lower leaves of the on the old stand. I took the hive containing the bees, and plaat, end use them to cover the young head.

shook thein out on a cloth, and with a large feather swept

them gently toward the entrance of the bive. In a very (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.)

short time they all went in. Since then I have transferred CLEAN MILKING OF COWS.

fifteen colonies from old bives in the same way. I have also

moved two colonies together, with their combs and stores, from One of the most common improprieties of dairy manage-hollow trees--one of them the 19th of the present month. ment, and one of the secrets of success in butter making, lies

Zucks Co., Pa.

H. M. TWINING. just here. It is well established that the last drawn gill' is nearly all cream, and when one of these little measures of

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.] milk are deft in the udders of several cows, say ten, as is often

COTTON SEED MEAL. done, ao less than a quart and half a pint of the richest milk is lost every morning and eveniag, a perfect waste, and more Eps. Co. Gent.—I have been using the above, for cows than a waste ; for if this were all, the matter would not be so bad that gave milk, through the winter and thus far in the as it really is ; but leaving milk in a cow's bag has a most de- spring, viz., one farrow cow and two that are coming in some leterious effect upon the cow, causing her gradually to produce time in May, which I have before let go dry through the à less amount to such a degree in the end, that it becomes clear-winter, but see no prospect of their being dry as long as ly inanifest in a period of two or throe months that there is a I feed three pints of cotton seed meal to each per day. rapid falling off, and cows, naturally good, are much injured, to say the least. This neglect is fruitful of garget and other ! took six bushels of oats, three of corn, and two of ryedisease, and, if long continued, the cow never recovers her had them ground together, trying that first, three pints full milking powers. This matter is worth more than a each per day, which increased the quantity, but by putting casual thought, and every effort should be made, without into the feed three pints of cotton seed meal it nearly being severe upon the animal

, as the thing can be accom- doubled the quantity, besides adding materially to the plished with the utmost ease by a good milker, to milk cows quality, six quarts making one pound of good sweet butwell aod perfectly. If the cow is disposed to hold up her

Cows doing better as it regards flesh, than I bave milk for any reason, do not leave her side at once, but milk

ever had them. Begin with a little in bran or any feed on. 'To guard aguinst this, it is a very good plan to adopt the practice of feeding with great regularity at the time of you use, as they do not like it at first, but will soon be milking:

very fond of it, stirring it in cold water. I intend trying : Regularity in feeding is very importants. Mír. Stephens, in it with calves by scalding it, and have no doubt the effect the Farmer's Guide, relates na instance of serious falling off will be advantageous. I say to brother farmers, try it till in the product of a dairy, resulting from a single failure to higher than $1.75 per cwt. JUDSON WADSWORTH, feed at or noar the usual time. If a cow is inclined to kick, West Winsted, Conn. laituri


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119.099.993 og 2017 THE WOODWARD GATE.”---For Parks Country Seats, Farms, &c. - 900 12891 Eps. COUNIRY GENTLEMAN-It perhaps never has uc

LA 1798. 2009gn bored curred to the gate-building community, and more espe

190A cially those who are studying economy, that the wel

A known principle of the Truss affords the best combination of strength, durability, and beauty.

In the application of the Truss to a gate, there is nothi. ing new but the applieation. It is therefore unnecessary to advocate any of the good qualities claimed for the Truss; they have been so thoroughly proved and worted

NIE in all the best forms of bridges and roofs, as to leave no doubt of its superiority. The enormous tensile strength

(Fig. 2. )93£70/7197019 943 nads of iron, being about 60,000 pounds per surface inch of trussed, and with double braces, instead of. halving bracesa

Fig. 2 shows a gate on the same prineiple, but double end area, being brought in opposition with the compressible strength of wood, renders a Truss almost as rigid and

into each other. They are used too, unyielding as a solid plate of iron.

one way from lower rail towards Jatoh The figure at the head of this, illustrates the principle.

post, and one between running the oppoia In each panel are two braces of 2 by 4 stuff, halved edge

site way, as shown in fig. 3. These braz? ways into each other, the ends of the braces resting

ces are of white pine, 1 inch squarepandi against small triangular blocks, as shown—the iron rods,

have proved to be all that is necessary. fths to Hh inch in diameter, as may be required, pass

This gate, fig. 2, was erected for the Rev. through the top and bottom rail, and through the triangu

C. B. Wyatt, at New-Windsor on the lar foot blocks the heads of these rods are countersunik entirely novel appearance, and unlike any other gate yet

(Fig. 3.) Hudson, in July, 1859. It presents an in the rail, and . ces are sometimes made at each corner of the gate, and

erected. are the only ones about it. Nails are entirely unnecessary of gate required, from the plainest farm gate to the mag.

This principle in gate building is applicable to any kind The braces are all of equal length, and cut square at the nificent entrance gates of parks or country seats. It is end, the bevel being made on the foot block. The style of hinge shown in the above figure, is pecu. made elaborate and ornamental in a high degree.

susceptible of innumerable changes in design, and can be liarly adapted to this gate ; the rod next to the heel-post secures the hinge, as well as performs its duty in the truss. The other bolts in the hinge are carriage bolts, with nuts, and are every way better than ordinary screws or bolts, the extra cost being but a few cents. When the iron rods are tightly screwed up, each brace is held firmly in its place by compression, and does not need nailing or any other manner of security. The braces might have a small tenon or dowel on each end, or better still, if the triangular foot blocks were made of cast iron, with a small lip raised on each end, they would be necessarily secure. If

1198 bas

(Fig. 4. ) the timber shrinks or works loose in any manner, it can be brought back to place by turning the nuts. If the braces “ Keewaydin,” near Newburgh, N. Y.; braces halved into

Fig. 4 shows a farm gate erected in November, 1859, at is are all of equal length, and cross each other

at their cen: cach other, and without foot blocks. One day's work, ters, the gate can take no position in a vertical plane, but the one in which it is originally placed ---it must always be though after a person has made one, he can make two in, square at the corners. The only condition in which it

the same time. sag, is when a weight is applied sufficient to compress the small scale, have been failures; but with this application

Rustic gates, and rustic work generally, except on

sannol 1997 braces and extend the iron rods. If, however, by the un- rustic work of any kind can be made immensely strong.not equal shrinkage of the timbers, or from any cause what. For farın gates, &c., nothing is cheaper, more appropriate, ita ever, the gate should sag, it can be easily remedied by unserewing the nuts, and placing a thin piece of wood under

and durable.

es each brace, running from lower rail towards latch post; in is no patent on it. It is merely a hint for those who know

The principle is not new, but the application is. There this manner the forward end of the gate can be raised, at how to appreciate a good thing when they see it. any time, as high as may be found desirable. Any brace

ad may be taken out and replaced, and the whole gate rebuilt

GEO. E. WooDWARD, as fast as the timbers decay.

Boost Architeet and Civil Engineer, No. 29 Broadway, N. v. d The work on this style of gate is but little, as most of the stuff is got out with square ends ; the cost of the iron

Western Hog-House and Corn Crib All rods is about 30 cents each, and the labor saved is a good

US VOOR 509 dT

Ens. Co. Gent.-- In the Co. Gentas of Dec. 15 last, we deal less than their cost; the cost of hinges, such as find the principle of Balloon Frames pretty well illus99 shown, and the manner of securing them, is less than any trated by G. E. Woodward of the city of New-York.' other equally as durable. Small horizontal rods, or any orna- The cuts and explanations there given are worthy the lo mental arrangement, can be introduced to make it pig tight. careful study of all who ever intend to erect any Framesh


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buildings. His descriptions and explanations are so plain The upper tier of joists are eight feet long and 2 by 9 that any man who can read figures on a square, saw a stick

inches, and rest on edge on the inor board off square at the end, and drive a nail with a

side oak plats, nailed and spiked to hammer, can put up the frame of all his barns, corn cribs,

the slats and studs. The rafters, hog-houses, sheds, stables, dairy-houses, and even the

1} by 5 inches, rest upon the narframe of his house, without a brace or mortice, no augur

row plate directly over each stud, or pin being needed. The tools necessary are a squave,

and also spiked to the inside row of saw, one paring chisel, hand axe, and hammer, with a

studs, which reneh the rafters in the plano to plane the door and window casings for his out

center, Rafters projecting from buildings, and a leveler to level the sills. This may seem

plate 18 inches. Our frame is strange to some, but if they will look at the number of

now complete. Board vertically the Co. Gent. referred to, they can readily see how studs

with planed boards, and batten.
and joists can be put together, and make very substantial
buildings. If I had had the information referred to, pre-

erection of my
at least one-third of the vex penisdinge he could have saved 1--Adatlladuw en
bered regions, where small round timber is abundant, it 203 1207 Aga TAO 293
may be well to follow the mortice and tenon praetice; but 7 Pin biss.250 3493

as a general thing most of our buildings are and must be Tunoils Yaro give her low 5200 Ilaia
made of sawed lumber, particularly in our great west. Home Layo2100 1012 AT 110 910 word
Since receiving Mr. W's deseription of Balloon Frames,

1:41 MS7319711 to I have planned for myself a corn-crib and hog-house, visos ligotry

SET 4 Toitsuages I which I send you, with a request that you will suggest such 711-e going

ឬន B, បទ ចង់ alterations for the better as will be suitable to your long 10 bonisio 2011

1) of experience.

boolbar beyote

1991: Paul There are no improvements more needed in the west

on 3 of €100

FAROL Fulls i than the proper storage of our large corn crop, and I can

bituinta Dideo but revert to the too shameful waste in feeding it out. i 10 ting ງ: 113 114 110

suggest the following plan, hoping that it will be carefully 129 130 1
criticised and reported upon by others. I am no mechanie,

to u als
having never built a building of any kind, but have a de-
sire to see less waste and more profit among our western

A Find
farmers. The usual question is, how much do we raise ?
It should be rather, how much do we save?
782243911 ei niin

3,4 94% 13 13 133 13 (
si (10 toetai 79

Main Floor and Rooms. Cart sont

A. Feeding Rooms, 8 by 10 feet-R. Sleeping Rooms, 5 by 8 feet_0.x! 114 eingest LA

Entrance door for hogs d. Blind windows-E. Driveway, 30 by 10 ft, 197 91mg 79A

-F. Feeding Troughs.

For each feeding-pen and sleeping-room, put in a heavy blind, hung on hinges, to allow ventilation when opened or shut. Through this place the manure is removed from the pens. Lower floor made of two inch plank. Troughg and spouts of oak stuff. Other lumber can be all of pine.

For ceiling on the outside row of studs around the peng and partitions, use inch boards, ceiling on each side of driveway 24 feet high. Doors 8 feet square, or double, fasened in the center of each. One large glass window in each gable. The four pens will hold each from 6 to 8 common sized fatting hogs. The space over hog-rooms, will hold,

if 8 feet wide and 8 feet high and 30 long, 625 bushels of End View of Frame before Boarding.

corn in the ear on each side of the driveway. If more The building is 24 by 30 feet, resting upon four parallel corn is on hand and wants a shelter, nail a few narrow walls (no walls are needed across the end)—well raised boards to the center and outside studs, just below the si from the ground. These walls should be laid with mortar plates-ceil up with any culls of boards, and put up the and well done, as we will have considerable weight for corn even against the rafters. Then if there is more corn 13 them to support before we get through. Our wall and still, take joists 2 by 9 inches, and put them over the timber being ready, we will now commence to put it to driveway, eight feet from the floor; lay on some loose is gether. Sills 2 by 6 inches, halved and nailed at the cor- boards, drive in the load and throw it up. Put in the ners. Two studs 4 by 4, for corners, and eighteen studs joists as you proceed, and a few of the last loads can be its 2 by 4 each, 12 feet long, with gains 1 by 4 inches, four put up while the team is out of the back door and the pa feet from each end for outside, and also one gain 1 by 4, wagon inside. Fill up, even to the very ridge. sow aina

By this time we have a building 24 by 30 feet, 30 fatasid are put

oak slats 1 by 4 inches, and nailed. On the ends, ting hogs, and about 2,000 bushels of corn. When you p9 for upper part, nail ou a board 1 by 4 inches. Make an- wish to prepare corn for market, the corn-sheller is placed v9 other to match. We now have the two outside bents, in the alley, the corn shelled and sacked. Two men, with 103 Raise plumb and stay lath. The two inside rows of studs a good machine, will sack from 100 to 150 bushels per 19 or bents, made of studs 3 oy 4 inches, and same distance day. The alley can also be used to put in many farming is) apart of the outside rows. The outside or end ones, must tools, or even will make a good and convenient place for re

to these the doors are hung. Gains are cut 1 the carriages, sleighs, &c. After the bogs are butcheredam by 4, oak slats to correspond with the outside slat. These studs hogs will need. There will be a fine place to shelter and are of sufficient length to reach and unite with tlie rafters. feed calves.

tuo jog i Musa orla The end studding, 2 by 4, are now put up. The corners The amount of lumber, all in board measure, will bebor and door-posts 4 by 4, as already deserībed, with slats as about 7,000 feet. Entire cost of materials, paint, &c.ab represented in the end view. soolad to Blqouise

about $140. As there are many a western farmer who orke The floor joists are 2 by 6, placed' edgewise by the side fattens over thirty hogs, if he builds after this plan all he ds) of the studs, and spiked to the sills and studs. Nails has to do is to add in length to suit his conveniences 1980945 driven as represented in annexed figures 10

Rock Island Co., IL


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