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TREATMENT OF SPAVIN.
stock will have consumed something over 3,000 bushels
of turnips, mangolds and pårsnips by the first of May, and I have a horse that has a bone spavin, Is there any cure are now in much better condition than when we comfor it that you are aware of ? I am advised by some to let it menced feeding them in the fall." alone--- by others to fire it, and do not know what coarse I
I am so well satisfied with my last year's experience better take.
with Hungarian grass, that I shall sow from 50 to 60 acres Confirmed spavin is probably never radically-cured. this spring, a portion of which I shall cut for soiling durFiring and blistering are the old remedies, and sometimes ing the summer, and hope to feed 50 cows from the bal. produce apparent relief, but they are now discarded by care ance next winter. I have no doubt that with land in good ful practitioners. " Dr. Dadd recommends vest during the heart and tillage, we can get from three to five tons per irlammatory stage, and the application of cooling lotions to it with great avidity. Certainly our horses never looked bet." the parts. He uses a mixture of 4 ounces of muriatic acid, ter or were capable of doing more hard work than this winand six ounces of tincture of bloodroot, in laro quarts of ter, neither will they eat as much grain as when fed on the water, and apply this daily by mcans of a sponge. Or, best English hay. Both horses and cows eat it much closer another remedy, equally good, is a mixture of 4 ounces of than any other hay; at least such bas been my experience.
I am satisfied that it will yield. a greater amount of fodder ** very strong vinegar, 2 ounces of proof spirit, and 8 ounces than any other of our cultivated forage plants at the same of common salt, dissolved in a quart of water. The fol. cost, and that it will ripen if sown as late as July 10th, at lowing is bis mode of application :
least sufficiently for good Hay. - The seed should not be Take a piece of sponge, slightly concave, corresponding as covered over half an inch, and it should be cut for fodder near as possible to the form and size of the boek ; by ineang wbile green, but after the seed is well formed. of a few stitches, affix two pieces of tape or linen, so as to forın
C. Wood Davis. an X ; each piece must long enough to encircle the joint two or three times; after dipping the sponge in the mixture, it must be applied to the inside of the hock, and there secured,
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) and afterwards kept constantly moist. By a faithful applica
FEEDING COTTON SEED MEAL. tion of the above the inflammatory symptoms (which are not confined to the joint alone, but prevail in the surrounding
$. A. P., in the No. of the Co. Gent. for March 15th, tissues), will soon subside, and anchylosis progresses in å asks for experience in feeding cotton seed meal. He shall slow, yet favorable mapper, without the usual pain and irri- have mine. tation
Winter before last I had no corn to feed to my cattle,
and I procured from St. Louis a ton of the cotton seed oil (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.] meal. I commenced feeding to my cattle about a pint ato CULTURE AND VALUE OF MILLET. a feed. This I increased until they received by the second
week about a quart at a feed. Ens. Co. Gent.--As there seems to be a great diversity The cattle, consisting of three yoke of work cattle, one of opinion regarding Hungarian grass, I cannot refrain from bull, two cows and a calf weaned, improved wonderfully. giving my testimony in its favor. Last spring I came in They became fat and sleek. The cows increased the yield possession of a farm which had been rented a number of of milk in two weeks to double the quantity given before years, and I assure you it bad fared not onę whit better the oil meal was fed. They came out in the spring in tipthan other rented farms, and had not one acre of good top order. As an adjuvant in feeding, or in place of corn, mcadow in the 100 of cleared land. There was one piece or with it in moderate quantity, I consider it an invaluable which was called meadow, but it was so overgrown with feed. To those who wish to fatten cattle during winter, I bull rushes, flags, and other coarse herbage, that I thought can recommend the use of cotton seed oil meal. it of little value in its then state, and had it plowed up. Prairie Cottage, Ili.
H. HINKLEY. Wishing to do a dairy business, I cast around me to see what I could plant or sow to take the place of hay for win
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultirator.] ter food. After much inquiry I concluded to sow Hun
SHEEP---COARSE WOOL VS. FINE. garian grass and millet. As I had an extra amount o, labor to perform to get my land in some kind of shapef At a recent meeting of one of the Farmer's Clubs in did not get the Hungarian grass sown until the third week Maine, during a discussion of some questions connected in June. A portion of it was sown on a heavy clay sod; with sheep husbandry, Mr. R. A. Davis made some interthis did not yield over one and a half tons per acre, A esting and important statements in regard to the cost of portion on an old field, which had been planted to corn keeping and comparative value of the fine and coarse, and potatoes, and sowed to oats and rye continually for wooled breed of sheep. In the course of his remarks he 18 years, ever since the farm was first put under cultiva- gave the substance of a conversation with an intelligent tion, without the first particle of manure; this yielded farmer in an adjoining town, who kept a flock of 20 of about one ton per acre.
The balance was sown on land the native breed of coarse wooled sheep. They weighed which had been cropped two years only, and the year pre-on an average 100 lbs. per head, and required 3 lbs. of yious had been planted to corn and potatoes. This being hay each day. The average clip of wool per head was 3 in good heart and condition, gave u us from 2} up to 4 tons lbs., which sold for 38 cents a lb., making $22.80. From per acre. In one corner of a field planted with market the 20 sheep, sixteen lambs were sold at $2 per bead, vegetables, there was 30 rods which was too wet for use amounting to $32, making in all a total of $54.80. Mr. until late in June. This had been plowed the year before, Davis then gave some account of his own flock. He had bat being so wet was allowed to lie fallow. We plowed 42 Spanish merino sheep, the wool of which averaged 41 this when we plowed the balance of the lot, and on the lbs. per head. This was sold for 42 cents per lb., amount22d of June plowed again, and sowed with four quarts of ing to $74.97. Of his flock 27 were ewes, from which he Hungarian grass seed. On the first of September we cut raised 25 lambe. These were not sold, but he estimated and drew into our barn from this 30 rods one and a half their value at $2 per head, making $50, which added to tons of dry bay.
the wool makes a total of $124.97. In keeping his sheep The result of our experiment is as follows: From 15 Mr Dayıs liad weighed their hay, and found them to conacres of Hungarian grass and 3 acres of common millet, sume an average of 21 lbs. per day, and by following out we have fed 27 cows, 1 bull, 2 oxen, and 3 horses, from this figuring, he had demonstrated that 264 fine wooled December ist until this 6th day of March, and still have sheep could be kept for the same that it would cost to enough left to carry them until the middle of April
. Our keep 20 of the coarse wooled ; thus making a difference stock have had all the hay they would eat. I have no de- in a year in cost of keeping, lambs, and advanced price of sire to have any person believe that I would try to winter wool of the pretty sum of $40! This Mr. DAFIS consid a parcel of milch cows without a good supply of roots. Our I ered quite an item.
elsdando PLAN OF
HIVATA 10 TVEIMTALAT bure 7810 GROUNDS.
903 25 stod
Vonds) od sad ovat A western correspondent furnishes the accompanying plan of a residence and its surrounding grounds
, (fig. 1,) KITCHEN GARDEN which, on being laid out and planted, are found too stiff to prove satisfactory, and requests a better plan. The
-vilnom country around the house is rolling prairie. The house is 900 bna
bus situated on an eminence commanding a view of the town
b9b13921 a unile distant, towards a. The scenery is quite similar in all directions. The trees shown in this plan are mostly Donjol gallo newly planted and may be removed.
2010up Tool 3 kW
0 990008 KITCHEN GARDEN. 190d en 1468c| მე4°311 ო's "
De 0 Vinups fb margo e os las A 2990NO
-102 91T ou sur la ubol TJ ad op i 4
grib oq237109,07391 Fig. 2. 20 lo supig AT unsuited at that place, where the vines could not be pro
10 perly cultivated for suceessful growth.
14 2013 2142 22 23
In a minute working plan, the position of every tree MEN 10
and its kind, would be given. This reduced figure precludes such minuteness of detail-the engraving will show the style of planting ; selecting the trees, and adjusting their position will afford an endless exercise of taste and
skill. Some hints will be found on this subject in the Reg, to hot
ister for 1860, p. 250, 251, &c. The mode of transferring Os Mas
the plan from paper to the ground is given on p. 245 of the same work,
CHA CHUTIN Fig. 1. In designing a plan, there are many eircumstances to
[For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.] be taken into consideration, all more or less modifying the
FARM ACCOUNTS. result. The undulations of the surface must be known in The importance of farm accounts is well insisted on in The order to fix properly the position of the roads and walks. Cultivator, and it is hoped that those who have the matAs we do not possess this information, the position in ter in hand will prepare a system which will be so simple which we have placed them must be merely suggestive. and convenient, as to commend itself to all young farmers. The amount of labor to be expended in keeping the grounds It must be simple
, and it is entirely unnecessary that it
should be anything else. One would suppose it a very in order, is another important consideration. If broad easy thing to keep the debt and credit of a farm, and show spreading trees only are to occupy the lawn, and the grass the balance at the end of the year; and so it is; but many is to be kept short by sheep, the expense will not be a fail, as we see, from not understanding the subject, and hundredth part of the amount required to mow the lawn some from attempting too much-getting the accounts weekly, so as to keep it like velvet, to dress off the walks mixed, which should be kept entirely separated. with mathematical precision, and to keep trees, shrubs, and expenses of the farm, and they are not, therefore, to be
The object of farm accounts is to find the income and brilliant flower beds in the turf, in the highest state of cul- confounded with the expenses of the family or with any ture and finish. We do not suppose that any one asking other expenses or income. A good householder will keep us for information on this subject, would adopt the sloven- an account of his family expenses, but will not have them ly, mode of allowing the grass to grow up for hay, to be confounded with other expenses. cut but once a year, on a space like this of but two or
Is there any difficulty in keeping a record through the three acres. We infer that our correspondent intends to from it? The income is all that is sold from the farm or
year of all the expenses of the farm and of all the income adopt the middle course—to plant only the more thrifty consumed by the family. The expenses are for labor, regrowing trees, and hardy and vigorous shrubs near the pairs, seed and manure bought, taxes, &c. In regard to dwelling, and to keep the grass mowed frequently-say most of these, there would be no difficulty in keeping and once a week in early summer, and once in two or three footing the account. In regard to some items, the young Weeks later in the season.
farmer might have some doubt where to put them in the
account. If he has, for instance, expended something Fig. 2, exhibits the plan we propose as an improvement upon his buildings, he might question whether that should We have made it as simple as practicable-laying down go into the expense columns, as repairs, or whether it is but a single carriage road, and a few short walks. A more
a permanent improvement, making his farm so much more elaborate plan, and of more costly execution, would have valuable permanently. If it is only so much as to keep included various walks over the lawn, now intended to be up the general repairs of the buildings, the money exmerely traversed in the short grass. Most of the walks in tare," as some
pended in 16 de carried to "repairs" or "wear and
But if he makes an addition to his immediate proximity to the house, are such as utility de-| buildings, or sets a young orchard, or drains a part of his mands, and they are skirted with the smaller shrubbery: farm, the money he expends in it should be put down in or, if desired, with circular or oval flower beds. But the the column of expenses, and the cost of it, in money and latter must be kept in the neatest trim, and occupied with so much to him permanently. He has got it yet, only he continued bloomers, or they will appear worse than none. has taken out of one pocket and
put it into the other. If We omit the grape arbor on the road to the stable, as being he should buy a fine carriage for his family to ride in, he
will not charge that among the expenses of the farm. It Transplanting, Pruning and Watering Trees, has nothing to do with the income or expenses of the
Messrs. Evs. - I propose
to planting an orchard of young farm. Neither has any other item of family expenses, theit Food, cothing, education, traveling expenses, or be in transplanting, is the excessive evaporation of moisture
apple trees this spring and an one principal cause of failure nerolent gifts. The board of the farm lands, Whether in from the branches and trunk, which waste the mutilated roots the farmer's family or in their own family, strould be are not able to supply, a severe shortening-in of the head is! charged among expenses, the same as labór. Also the recommended. In connection with pruning, would it not bos. value of the labor of the farmer's sons. His own salary is a good way to check era poration, by bandaging the Irunk the nett proceeds of the farm, above the interest upon his with straw at time of planting? capital used.
1 al 4.
I have also apple trees, planted last spring, which I am Some advise to keep debt and credit with each crop, compelled to bandage every fall, to prevent their being gira
trees and each animal or lot of animals . This is very well and dled by rabbits
. Would it be an injury to these helps form an estimate of the profits of different
crops, &c., but we cannot foot up the profits of the year by ebat give me your
system of planting dwarf pears. Lebanon, Pa.
Geo. W. KLINE. method.
Some charge the farm at the beginning of the year with Many newly set trees, perish by the large evaporation, all the stock and implements of the farm, and at the end through the bark before ttie leaves expand. This is the of the year give credit for the stock and tools, the differ: only way that moisture escapos, from them during thigi ence showing the increase or decrease,
' sThis is right; byte period ; and as there is but little'circulation, and the roots k prefer as more simple, to set down only the difference. in the inventory at the end of the year, compared with are torn and feeble, there is but e moisture' absorbed the beginning, in the column of expenses if thererbel'a through the roots. · Watering at the roots is consequently decrease in the valuation, and in the income columnbill of little use at this time-indeed the voots are sometimes: there be an itcrease in the valuatiori. 22967!!! 21. sonked and rotted by too much watering before circulation he will add to the nett proceeds theorenthal farm, and the If the farmer would show all that the farm is wörtli to him, equalizes its distribution. Hetide
, it is important to wet luis house, the the Þark of the stem and branches, which may perhaps be value of those conveniences of riding about and traveling most conveniently done by a thin and, light sheathing of which his horses afford, and which do not belong to the straw kept properly moist. The same end has been effet business of the farm.
ciently accomplished by - merely washing the bark severala * It ought to be presumed also, that a good farmer will times a day, without the aid of any covering.") Treespa add something to the value of his farm every year by a badly wilted, and affording little promise of living, have course of general improvement. I had supposed that there was no need of any published thus been induced to grow finely, when no other treatment
famil system to aid young meni, in a matter so simple, but in could have restored them.
119,64 * dorsa some efforts to point out a method to an inquirer, I am, After the leaves are expanded, everything is changed.b led to wish for some plain manual, which may give exam. The leaves throw off moisture rapidly, the circulatibn ris ples to those who wish to study the subject. My own practice is this, which may not be the best, stem and branches into the leaves, elaborated juices are
rapid, sap flows in at the roots, passes' up the wood of though I have followed it with entire satisfaction, ever since I began to take thie Cultivator, which was with the sent down through the bark, and new wood and new roots first number.
are rapidly formed. There should now be plenty of moistI keep a book, in which I enter every receipt and every ure at the roots, to supply this rapid consumption; yet it payment through the year, whatever it may be, with date is rarely advisable to apply water. A well worked mellow understood. This book is of itself a valuable record. if soil will furnish it best. If water is poured in at the foot I have a considerable account with any one, as with a hired of the stem, there is too much of it; and settling the earth man, I keep a separate account of debt and credit with and causing it to harden and bake, there is too little of it him, and carry the footing only into my first named book. in a short time. This constant succession of flooding and At the end of the year, I have only to carry to its re- drouth is extremly unfavorable. If water must be applied, spective column each item of income or expense, whether it be of the farm, or the family
, or any other. I have taken off the top soil, pour in the water, and then cover up
, , expenses of the farm, the expenses of the family, and any means for its supply is, to provide a broad deep bed of miscellaneous income or expense which may have acerned. mellow soil, in which the tree stands—this will furnish This summing up at the end of the year requires but a regularly at all times, just what is wanted and no more; few hours of time, and but little skilt in book-keeping, and holding it like a sponge will contain a large quantity And the information thus put into tabular form will be so valuable to any young farmer, that he will be very uín- .-many pailfuls within the reach of the roots of a young willing to relinquish this practice, after tlre experience of tree-without soaking or flooding the soil. a year or two.
15101190 Every young farmer should keep also a book for memo
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.).
HAY CAPS. of the different operations, experiments which he has made, especially his mistakes, notes on the seasons, the
Few of our farmers are aware that the very best hay arrival of birds, the time of flowering of certain plants, caps can be made from the common seamless bags made &c., &c. It will be of great value and pleasure to bim by the Lewiston Bag Co. and the Stark Mills, and others. hereafter. I hope these hints may lead some' to make a trial of farm book-keeping. N. REED." Amenia Union.
By slitting one side and the end, and hemming the raw P. S. I ought to have said in my communication on
edges, you get a hay cap 42 by 40 inches, of a thicker and "Farm Accounts," that the “end of the year" is to be stronger fabric than you can purchase in any other form, considered the last of March, and not as some literally The bags are retailed at 25 eents each, and need not be reckon, the last of December. The farmer's year must cut fup until used as bags, and have begun to give out at begin on the first of April, and he can scarcely close his the corners, accounts to any other point.
I think the fabric the very best that is made for the
purpose, and have often wondered that the manufacturers What good would centuries do the man who only knows did not make a heavy single cloth for the same purpose. 1 how to waste his time?
zawory , HORTICULTURAL NOTES.
981) lo -THE AUSTRALIAN BEEgnistore ed
I 2511 notion met Protecting Trees from Mico and Rabbits. I think the Australian bees would suit your correspondent Some time ago I noticed in The Cultivator, a plan for C. Pas as they are without a sting. I am sorry I cannot give protecting fruit trees from mice and rabbits, by simply tying Australis, 1 hins more a collector of insects than an entomolo
history of the insect, as, during my stay in anewspaper round the bark, so as to cover it about eighteen gist. However, I remember they were a small black insect, inches from the ground. This I have tried for three years and about the size of a small house fly, and when at rest their none so secured have been injured, while others were des- wingt Papped one over the other, and toid of all sting; but troyed. The paper is, however, liable to get wet and become though small in stature, they were legion in pubers, and torn, and it is necessary to heap up some fresh earth around collected rast quantities of the purest honoy. It would ap. te tree, or the mice máy get below it. Last year a farmer pear ļíko a traveller's tale were I to tell the vast amount of suggested to me an improvement, to make boxes about 18 honey. I hnve seen taken from a swarm of these bees in a inches high of different sizes, for large or small trees open at hugo gam treo: (Eucalyptus.) A friend of mine hived top and bottom, and one on either screwed or nailed on. I had since they
, until they are placed around Swarm of thein in a common bive, from which he got a second. the bark, when triat site is e a mümber made, and placed round the most valuable trees. the results there I am ubable to say.
then the well, and offered me one to take to England.
have been received in that country, but of Thiey appeared to be a complete and effectual security, not a I should think they would do well in the southern States, tęee being injuredi Phey were about an inch under ground, but of course the north would be altogether too cold for them
them up found them. Thje spring Totook should be think that the climate of England would be too them wlien first put on. The only possible way a tree thus 'To me, like your correspondent, the sting of a bee is poison, socured could be injured would be either by a mouse-get- and it weuld pertainly be a great consideration could we ting under the boxpabest this they will not do if some fresh naturalize a stingless sort.
E. H. COLLINS.
Onondage Co. eurth is thrown around it, or a rabbit standing on his hind legs and reaching the bark above the box, but if eighteen inches is not sufficient, they could be made two feet in
Recipe for Cottage Pudding. height. The cost is very triffing, when they will answer MESSRS. Eps.- As I consider the recipes contained in your for a number of years, I found it easier to tack on the paper worth the price of sabscription alone, I will, as time per side board with a few small nails, than to take the time to mits, add a little to them and other matters occasionally, and screw them on. / 29 18 200 bis 90 3,1
z Egmis as am considerable of an epicuro, I will commence with a ourn: The Yellow. in Peach Treesliws may have with little labor, and but very little expense, and
recipe for a cottage padding, wbich every person baving a com Mr. Adams an intelligent and observant
farmer of Cum, which but few who use it (especially in hot wealker,) would berland Co., Pa., stated to me that he had a number of be willing to do without. peach trees on his farm affected by the yellows; that one Take 3 quarts of milk to 1 quart of flour-one-half of the day, while one in his employ was plowing, he took up a milk to be put on the fire and brought nearly to boil-then considerable portion of the root of one of the diseased the other half of the milk with the flour, the four well blendtrees, and was surprised to notice the root some distance ed in it-stir into the pot on a slow fire, and keep it boiling under the ground presenting a white silvery appearance, for one hour; or until it is as thick as good paste, when you which on careful examination proved to be minute white must add a small teaspoon of ginger and salt, and pour into worms. He then took up roots of other peach trees in the shallow dishes to cool;
when it will cut like good jelly, sorve same locality, affected with the yellows, and found the roots up.cool with warm milk in winter, or cool in summer.
P.S.- You can make enough at one time to do any size some distance from the trunk, exhibiting the same aspect. family five or six days, if kept in a cool place, and if you wish
So limited an instance would not warrant any conclusion to make it as good and more wholesome than any other pudthat these worms were the cause of the disease called the ding, add a little vanilla or other syrup wbile worm, and yellows ; indeed it would be hardly possible that such serve with a spread of strawberries, peaches or jellies, or any should be the case, and not have been discovered in the of the fruit butter and cream. Try it, mothers, daughters many orchards which have perished in this way. It is and servants, and my word for it, you will away with sagu, more likely that these worms infested the roots in thix lo- corn and other puddings, but be careful to stir it all the time, cality, and had no connection with the disease which des or you will scorch it, and then it is done for.
Diamond Plaza, Pa. troyed the trees; but the fact is worth noting, as it can be easily tested, where trees are thus diseased, by digging up
COAL TAR FOR PAINTING. the roots for some extent, at different seasons of the year. The Borer in the Hickory.
EDITORS CULT. AND CO. GENT.-I notice in your paper, AD si The same gentleman says he has noticed a' winged in- inquiry from a smbscriber, what is the cheapest and most'dusect about four times the size of the common wasp, pos, in such juntters, I would say coal tax is the cheapest, the
rablo paint for old buildings ? Having had some experience sessing a powerful sting, perforate the bickory trees, and most durable, ond the best looking paint for old buildings, in deposit in such excavation its eggs, and that when the the market--especially if painted white around the doors and wood decays, the young come forth by thousands ; by these windows, the barge boards and corners of the building, with perforations the tree ultimately dies. The remedy is to white lend. Tt gives the building quite a tasty, appearance, examine the trees, and wherever they appear, to cnt down and at less than half the cost than is painted with any kind of the tree and destroy the nest,
just as we would do the cater- oil paint. pillar, so as to prevent their spreading; if neglected, the
As to the cost r'#ill give you my experience, I bavoi dawnge to a body of hickory trees will be very serious to wobsone 38 by 40 feet, the other 28 by 44 feet, wagon
house 26 by 51 foot, with severul other small buildings, such This insect cannot be the same with the apple borer.
As hrog-house, wood-house, smoke-house, &e. I used iwo bara Mr. A will send you specimens if requested.letni strels of conl tar in giving thein two coats, which they should
always have to give them a bandsome, glossy appearanco, Prengil's out The Curculio, sbiz sno raišila v The lar needs no preparation, but use it just as it comes in 1. The curculio is very averse to thie smell of burning soot. the barrel, cold, putting it on' with n largo round brush. I The same gentleman says he has preserved bis plums by white lead should always be painted first before the tår.' Tho
also used nbout 50 pounds white lead and 3 gallons oil. The burning seit under the trees at the time this insect com. Iabor of putting on was ten days, at 81.25 per day. Stobusog mences bis ravages, We hope that some of your readers
20 jan sa B02997 will make the trial and give the result.
2 barrels tar, at $3.50 per barrel,
007 90090 Thomas saknfithe Apple borer-"The perfect insect is a brown 50 lbs. white lead, at 8 cents per lb...
1032 and shite striped beetle, about half an inch bons, which fries at night.
10 days labor, at $1,35 per day.. nestr the surface of the ground, sind sometimes in the forks of the
cuintes blues boo 023 60 branches. The first iudication of its presence is the appearance of buckshot. These holes will soon become more visible by the ejected I will last and look good for twenty years. numerous small round holes, as if the bark hall been perforated by Making $25.60, which is certainly cheap enough; and which dust," Page 129.
J. B. c.
Farmers Should Teach Each Other. in his behalf to outweigh the merits of all the other can-
didates, of whom Mr. MORTON, of the Ag. Gazette and edit cussed, and people try to answer it in all sorts of ways.-- most eminent. The fortunate appointee, a Mr. FRERE, some with this prescription and some with that one with was only with some difficulty carried against the opposition Science, a second with Colleges, a third with Governmental of such men as, Hunson, the Castle-Acre farmer, and his aid, a fourth with Societies, and it may be a fifth with compeers, and the selection seems to have met with criticism Agricultural Papers. Two lines which we have chanced inagine it difficult for bim long to retain the position, un..
so general and apparently so well deserved, that we should to find in a late number of the London' Agrieulturál" Ga- less the desire of a rather unusually comfortable salary zette, are worth many long treatises upon this subject be outweighs motives of delicacy, or leads to unusual exercause they point to precisely the end which all these pretion to give satisfaction and conquer success." scriptions should have in view, and without which none of them is good for much,
(For the Country Gentteman and Cultivator.js":
GAIN IN FEEDING CATTLE. In speaking of the recent appointment of a new editor of the Royal Agricultural Society's Journal, it is remark
NEAR GENEVA, April 7th, 1860.
Job ed that he can only succeed in "thě discharge of his
MESSRS. TUCKERS-I have sold and weighed to-day, 'a duties in proportion, not as he brings the maxims of last Dec. 3d, and their gain since." It may give some of
few fat cattle, and will give you the weights when put up Freneh, of German, of Italian, or of Roman Agriculture the young farmers, who are frequently making inquiries to bear upon his readers--not as he uses any influence about feeding,
some idea what
they may expect from buy, from without to modify the practice of the English farmer, but just as he shall succeed in inducing and enabling ing good cattle;
but I confess that the gain this year and last, is greater than is generally got.vn
**yir English agriculturists to teach other." TO INDOCE AND ENÁBLE AMERICAN FARMERS TO TEACH
Two steers weighed together Dee, 3.700... 2.785 lbs. gain 435.0!)
Dec. Zaista kv- 3,050 lbs.--kaip 685... ad EACH OTHER—would be the best motto that our Agricultural Two, do Science could assume. To indece, because unless practi
One extra'fat com, Dec. 3...............: 1,340 lbs. gain 115o 10 cal experience leads the way, she cannot follow to system.
These cattle were weighed 3d Dec., with full bellies: atize and to explain--to enable
, because every forward now they had neither food nor water for 14 hours before step she really makes , is a forward step for practice. The weig'ining. If they had been weighed when full
, it wộuld two cannot be divorced, and neither admits of deception have made the gain 45 to 50 lbs. more on each animal and unsoundness in its fellow-but, hand-in-hand, each The cow was very priine beef when put up; consequently countenacing and promoting the efforts of the other, they
she gained little. may together find the path of true success. And we have
The Hon. A. B. D. will see that what I argued at Albany stili
, in a great measure, to anticipate such concordant is proved by practice that the larger the cattle the more effort in this country; we have heretofore been mostly catile were all fed an equal quantity of meal ; Lexpect Mr.
they gain on the same amount of meal, as the above importing the fruits of foreign investigations, and are only D. will say that the large ones would eat most hay. Perby degrees entering upon them for ourselves. Dr. FITCH, in Entomological Science, for instance, has in this State haps that may be the case, as it was not measured out to made a right beginning, and we have long thought that if cach beast like the meal; but I don't think they do. I the State; in connection with our Agricultural Society, weighed 15 cattle to-day, and found the largest always could be induced to extend similar encouragement to other gained most branches of agricultural science, at least to chemistry I ever fed of that breed. She is so fat the drovers say
I have a fat pure blood Hereford heifer, being the first great good might be gradually effected.
And so we might go on to show, that whatever we hope they would not risk taking her to Albany along with other of actual use to our agriculture, cither from institutions of cattle; they say that there is such a mass of fat on her Education, from Governmental aid, from our Societies and that the other cattle would bruise her so as to ruin her their Fairs, or from agricultural Reading, can only be ac
sale. If all the Herefords feed like her, our friend SOTHAM complished just in that proportion in which the farmers all like her, else there would be no other catte kept for
never said half enough in their favor; but they cannot be. themselves are induced and enabled to teach each other. With this end in view they secure at once a broad founda- fatting purposes. I have also a grade Hereford steer, tion for their labors ; without it, we may have large and even which will be three years old the 23d of this month. } well filled halls of learning, in which the farmer lias no have no doubt he weighs over 1,800 lbs. —will weigh him share; grants of land, that go mostly to politicians ; soci- on his birth-day. If he goes much over 1,800 lbs. it will
be made public.
JOHN JOHNSTON, ties that sacrifice every design of good with which they were founded, to some outside object or private interest;
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.], agricultural books got up to sell, and "agricultural " jorr- FEEDING CUT HAY TO HOGS. nais of interesting miscellany. : We might bring the same lesson down to individuals. MESSRS. EDITORS—On the 24th of last Sept. I bought Every farmer who sets a good example is doing something two pigs, four weeks old. They were kept on skim-milk to teach those around him. But he may very largely ex- until about the 1st of Jan,, when the quantity of milk tend the sphere of his influence, and, "in giving, gain,” falling short, I commenced feeding cut hay-clover and if he will more actively contribute to induce and enable timothy--and have continued to do so until the present his neighbors to obtain similar means of improvement time (April 9tb.) I never wintered hogs so easy and for example by supporting in harmony and with some mea- cheap. They liave grown finely, and are thrifty handsome gure of public spirit
, local or general societies and clubs, fellows. by extending the circulation of agricultural journals, and The mode of feeding is this :-In the morning, afby giving through them the fruits of his and their expe- ter feeding, about four quarts of hay, cut fine, ie put rience.
into the pail, together with a pint of barley-meal, then To revert once more, to the article from which we have boiling water suficient to wet and scald it, when well stirtaken a text, because it struck us that it might be made red up. After standing a while, the pail is filled with suggestive of thought--all the well known English writers milk and dish-water--this is fed to them at noon, at which on Agriculture appear to feel slighted, not only in person, time the same dish is prepared for them at night, and then, but in class, by the sudden elevation to the leadership another for the morning. Sealding the hay in this way, among them of a man never heard of before by the farm- malies it tender and sweet, and is readily eaten. ers of the country. The new editor of the Royal Ag. So- I think this a very economical way of wintering bogs. ciety's Journal appears to have been appointed entirely At any rate, I never had them do better than on this feed. upon “red tape " grounds-as having had family influence Jefferson Co., N. Y.
J. L. R,