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Inquiries and Answers. 71 LICE ON POULTRY. Could any of the readers of the Co.
Gent., or its publishers, tell us how to destroy the lice on fowls DRAINING WET LAND--I have a piece of land on my farm, lishing it in your next. J. K. [Apply sweet oil to the top of
effectually ?' If so, you would do me a great favor by pubthat is wet, and holds water until late in spring; it is a side their heads, under their wings, and elsewhere. Another remehill, clay subsoil
. Will it do to underdrain it? What will dy is to mix, say half a pound of sulphur, with several quarts the tile cost to drain about five acres; and do you think it will of feed, and allow them occasionally to eat it. fpiiap meal pay? Our lands are generally a Wack limestone land, as it would probably be best. We should prefer the oil remedy -is called. R. Franklin, Tenn. (It will not only "do" to drain which might perhaps be modified by substituting lard. Bus it
, but it will not do to let it remain andrained. Very proba- the best of all remedies is prevention effected by thorough bly it will increase its value at least ten-fold. Two inch pipe cleanlinbis-wwbitewashing the hen-bousė, and keeping every tile, which will be large enough for eighty rods in length, or
part constantly clean.] ro an equivalent, under ordinary circumstances, (see Register for 1959, article Draining,) may generally be had at the
ESTIMATING HAY IN BulĶ-What number of tons of hny
will the manufactories for about ten dollars per thousand-they are 12
or mow, as we call it, hold, when well settled, many will be required for an acre, with draina iwo rods to the roof?" A. W. [The rule given by different writers, to apart; and also the of transportation from the nearest estimate hay in tons by the bulk, varies greatly. We bare these data he may easily determine the cost per acre. No ment that 700 to 800 cubic feet are required for a ton of com doubt it will "pay,” well; ustimately, if not immediately.)
nion bay, which is obviously beyond 'all bounds. The bulk CLOVER AND PLASTER.--I have a field of some twelve varies with the kind of grass, time of cutting, dogree of curing,
depth manuro previous to laying down to
For clover hny paeked solid, abont 325 pasture. It i tend sowing clover and plaster this spring and plow down der-# very heavy pressure, one-fourth less. This rule should seeding with grass next spring What I wish to inquire is, the amount of red cover and quantity of plaster I should by our correspondent wonld contain over ten thousand cubie
vary considerably with circumstances. Tbe bay, mentioned apply per acro-when the best time for sowing each and feet, and would thoresure hold from thirty to forty tons, well right stage to turn under? Harry, Sunbury Co N. B. packed away and carefully stuffed full.)
Clover seed should be sown very early in spring or it my be a little later, if lightly and evenly brushed in. Or, if sown
VARIETIES OF THE RED CLOVER- We have three varieties on newly plowed and evenly harrowed land, it may be covered of cloyer poed for sale bere, termed the "large or Herkimer by means of a roller, which presses the seed in and crynibles county,” the " medium," and the "small" clover. I wish the surface. This mode does well, if performed quite early, to know whether the "Peavine” clover, advertised in the and is followed by rain. Brushing in is best for late sowing Co. Gent., is the same thing as the "Jarge or Herkimer Co.," Thore should be at least one peck of seed per acre. There commonly so called. How would the Peavine answer for will be a good growth by the end of summer, when it may be soiling, say to follow the medium ? Would it make a good plowed in, but it would be more profitable to wait another succession ? If I am rightly informed, it ripens later-if so, year, when the roots will be larger and the crop heavier. It would it not be in its prime after the other has gone by ? should be plowed in just as the blossoms are disappearing, One thing more. Is Lucerne adapted to this climate, and and before the stalks become dry. Plaster should be gown would it be valuable for soiling purposes? Where can the early in spring, at the rate of one or two busbels per aere.] seed be obtained-at what price, and how much would it re
Sherwood's GRAIN BINDER. I noticed, some time since, quire to the acre ? 32, R. (The clover, like other plants in a daily paper, an article beaded " Joy to Farmers," in continually reproduced from seed, runs largely into varieties; which it was stated that an apparatus had been invented, tity of any local sorts without comparing the same in growth.
and it would be difficult therefore to pronounee on the idenand successfully operated, as an attachment to the reaper, There is no doubt that any of the larger sorts would do well for binding the grain into sheaves. Can you inform me if for soiling-those which run largely to stalk would generally such an invention has been produced ; and whether one can be had the present season ?' A FARMER. [A machine for mature later than the dwarf kinds. Many high recommenbinding grain, attached to any common reaping machine, has made with it, but that they are generally unsuccessful is
dations bave been given of Lucerne, and many experiments been invented by ALLEN SHERWOOD, of Auburn, N. Y., to shown by the fact that its cultivation has not been extensively whom application may be made for information. We have adopted or permanently carried on. The seed may probably witnessed its successful performance in the harvest field, an be had of J. M. THORBURN of New-York, but we do not know account of which will be found in the 14th volume of the
the price.) Country Gentleman, p. 121 ; and a figure and description were given in the 13th volume, p. 330.]
S., Medway, Mass., should subscribe for the COUNTRY PILFERING OF CHICKENS— BEST CULTIVATORS.-Can you inquires, more fully discussed than the limits of The Culti
GENTLEMAN, where he will find the subject about which ho or some of your numerous readers, give a mode to prevent vator will allow of our doing in its pages. the chickens from plucking up the corn, as I wish to plant a field in corn near the barn. To shut them up would be quite
TILE-DRAINING.-Do any of the tile manufacturers in your a task. I have seen a number of plans given, but do not city, ditch and lay the tile? Can you tell me the cost per know if they can be relied on. Also who manufactures the acre, the drains to be 33 feet apart? There is not a rod of best horse-too to work corn with, and the price. Lev Hawk. tilo-drains in this town, and no factory for making tile in the We know of no chicken remedy for the purpose proposed. vicinity. All the tile laid in Worcester are brought from The best cultivator teeth which we have ever used are those Albany. C. W. G. [There are no tile manufneturers that cut made by SAYRE & REMington, of Utica-they are steel-are ditches and lay tile for others. The cost of tile-draining per light, strong, efficient, and are sharp till worn out. The best acre, the drains 2 rods apart, and 3 feet deep, the diiches cultivator in form is that constructed by Milton ALDEN, of being cut by hand, will vary with circumstances, but may Auburn, N. Y. It has thills which give the workmen n gur- be set down about as follows, as an average : prising control of its depth and accurate working. Both these Digging 80 rods of ditch, 130c, per rod, we think are furnished for about eight dollars each. We
Tile, about 1139, 14 inches by 2 inches in diameter,.
Laying tile and plowing in the earth, figured the latter in our last volume.) Willow CULTURE.--Will you or some of your correspon
Total..... donts please inforin me through The CULTIVATOR, of the plan One-half the cost of digging the ditches will be saved, if a to pursue in order to successfully grow the Osier willow ? R. drain plow is used, reducing the cost from $39 to $27; and B.U. (For an article on this subject, seo Cultivator for Jan. when the soil is favorable, and tile only $10, as in some placos, 1858, p. 22.)
the cost would be still less. If brought many miles by railMANURE CELLARS.-- Will some of your correspondents who road, the expense would be increased.] are soiling, explain how they construct their manure cellars, What Aus My Fowls ?-When first taken, they act as if 80 As to answer their primary purpose of suviug manure, and trying to swallow-then whirl around like a shaker dancingthe secondary one of fattening swine ? How do the porkers get others keel over, like a gymnast - and at last become stones in and out of the recoptacle? When soiling a dozen cows in blind, seeming to lose all command of the head. They will no many stalls, under a shed, with the stall doors opening to ent heartily, though it is with great difficulty they pick up the south, into the barnyard, (the front of ihe sbed forming their food, the bend flying off örst one side, ihen the other. part of the north boundary of the yard) where ought the ma C. W. G. (This disease inay be the rerligo-caused perhaps nuro cellar to be ?
I by overfeeding or improper food. We vever bad any expehost ait co oda 2015
der S9 YOU nt says that holding the rience in ite care but
TO 2.90 holding the head for ble. Autumn is the best time for application, but much 0:2 stream of water, arrests the disease, and benefit results from spring manuring, if properly spaded in. caster oil
13179 Botted manuel on compost,
been the domain VARNISH.--I srish you would be so kind as to give me a parts of manure and turt, or manure and muck, and a suall receipt for varnish, through The CultivATOR, A SUBSCRI, portion of leached or unleached ashes, say a twentieth
part BER. [Varnish is usually made by dissolving guin copal in more or less, is a good fertilizer. We trust our correspondent
will avoid the common error of applying manure in a small unable to give the exact process or proportions, as i easier and cheaper to buy the varnish réady mnde, which is the roots extend, which is generally as far on cach side ng the usually kept by all dealers in paints and oils, and by most height of the tree. soap suds, or ashes and water, make a druggists.)
-evebidyly good wash for the bark, but we koow of no wash to prevent
insects from crawling up the stems.) Grapes Mixing by Close PROXIMITY. Being about to
salt bioj ani put out a number of grapevines, with the view ultimately of
MIĻET.-Would you or some of your correspondents dei training them to an'arbor, I wish to make the Following in- scribe the difference between the common millet, Sclaria quiry. The vines will be placed about ten feet apart on each italica, and Hungarian grass ? My reason for asking for side of the trellis or arbor, of different varieties of fruit, viz., information is, that many
of the farmers around here say there Delaware, Diana, Rebecca, and Anna. Now, being placed in
is no difference. I received a package of seods collected in such close proximity, whether there is not a probability of Japan by one of the oficers in the expedition with Comino
dote Perry, in which was'a small parcel of the conimon miltheir hybridizing so as to change the character of the fruit
let: During the progress of its growth, I noticed one hend as :uggested, Each for the fruit mixing or being changed five or six times the size of the others. In place of a single T, (There is no
will probably fertilize itself, lut if it does not, and its neighbor perform the office, it will not spike this was compound, 'I directly suppressed tho small to affect the berries, but only the seed they contain ]
o secure this one. I have one head beforb menow, eight inches
long, and many of the side spikes one inch long; the foliage HORSES AND kept anderneath their stable to work over their manure ?
ԵԳ | !='',
ent from the Hungarian, I will increase it J. B. (Horses, to be healthy, must have pure, fresh air and if the futes of the manure are allowed to come up from be
cattle are very fond of it. Mr. John Merisa low and load the air and thint the food, the result cannot be biso
man, President of the Agricultural Society beneficial. A perfectly tight floor will exclude the vapor.}
of Maryland, exhibited it at Chicago last SALT FOR Wheat. I wish to try an experiment with sow
fall, and a certificate of merit was awarded ing salt on wheat this spring-how much should I sow per
for it. SAM. FEAST. Cockcysville, Md. acre ? - JOHN JONES. Golconda, Iul. [Sow from five to ten
[What we call "common millet;' because bushels- it is usually applied in autunm abont sowing time,
most commonly cultivated, and generally or soon after-but is said to have done well if applied early
known as millet, or German millet, is thai in spring.)
Setaria germanica, net ilalicar and is the SALTING CATTLE.-W. B. inquires respecting salt for cattle.
same as that sent out by the Patent Ofice I would say to him that for a number of years I have sum
under the name of Moha de Hungrie, and mered from 100 to 300 head of cattle, and I salt them twice a week, all that they will eat, and I have never had one hurt
of lowa. The annexed
figure was drawn
Crom by eating too much. I have found, in buying fat cattle that
a head of Hungarian Grass recuived by'us had not boon well salted, that they never weighed, according
from Iowa, and is undoubtedly the true Ger to their appearance, as well as those that had been well salt
man millet. The Italian millét, Setaria ed. In the spring of the year I find an advantage in mixing
italica, differs from the above, in having ashes with their salt after they are put on grass. It is a help
thicker stalk, and longer but much less comtowards shedding the old coat and starting them to thrive.
pact spikes, being composed of several roundOhio Farm, Iul.
ish clustered spikes. From our correspondent's description,
we think it not unlikely that the single plant to which he reFEED FOR HORSES AND Cows.- Can feed for five horses fers may be the true Italian millet. and two cows be raised on nine or ten acres fair ground-(I
20393 93 have no manure to start with, and the ground is an old pasture pretty well run out)—and what rotation would you ad
(For the Cultivator and Country Gentleman.] vise for that object? W. A. M'c. Pillsburg, Pa. (Some L. TUCKER & Son—In renewing my subscription for horses and soune cows will ent nearly double the feed of others, “The Cultivator," from its origin, under the lamented and hence all genera! estimates can be only approximative: Judge Buel, a quarter of a century ago—continuously to We understand our correspondent to ask if food for the whole year can be grown on tho ten acres, to be applied wholly to the present time-I take pleasure in bearing my testimony feeding them. A horse will require at least three tons of hay to its long continued usefulness, and the interest with which to carry him through winter, and he should have 30 to 40 I receive each successive number by due course of mail, every bushels of grain. À cow will need about two thirds as much bay as a horse. Consequently the five horses will require at one of which contains something both interesting and useleast 15 tons of hay-- possibly 20 tons and the cows 4 tons-ful, and some especially so. Indeed, I have long consay 22 tons in all.” Ai 2 tons per acro, (a good crop), eleven sidered it the best monthly agricultural periodical of our acres of mendow would be needed: Corn sown in thick drills, (at the rate of 3 bushels per acre,) Will yield nearly three country. Though of course, where there are so many contimes as much fodder per acre, and may be fed exclusively tributors, some of the articles bear evidence of theoretical to cows and partly to horses-- which would bring the euthusiasts, while on the other extreme, some of a rather land for the winter fodder within the ten acres portion for raising the grain, con intes - leaving a fixed adherence to early and erroneous conceived opinions.
But there are other writers, who aid much in " dissemiIf our correspondent merely intends to support the animals nating useful knowledge among men.". There are men of exclusive of the winter season, the estimate would stand about science, of learning, of practical experience, and of clear as follows: Pasturage for five horses, if good cight ucres ; for and sound discriminating mind and judgment, of which two cows, two acres - to which should be added two acres of latter-many are included, who have not been blest in corn fodder, &c., for soiling in autuinn, and during any severe their early days with as liberal an education as so many of drouth which might occur in the latter part of summer. If the old pasture, pretty well run out," could be plowed up munications from them
are often among the most practi
the rising generation can avail themselves of some comand re-seeded heavily, (twice as much seed os usar a oturare cal and useful, and I would encourage thein, more espe it would doubtless greatly increase tho amount of pasturage cially as it is a greater effort for them to pen an article
MANUre For Fruit TREES:—Will you inform me, through for the public eye, than from men of science and literature. the medium of your valuable paper, what is the best fertili..
I have, often felt strongly impelled to expose some of zer that can be placed around the roots of fruit trees at this sonson of the year. Also, what is considered the best wash the fallacies of some writers, believing they
often do much for the bark of apple-trees to prevent the ascent of worms harm, but do not like to appear in that light-yet it cerand promote the health of the tree. L. C. T. Tariffoille, tainly ought to be done by some one or more-while those Conn. [As a general application for all localities, stable ma- that merit it, ouglit so to be set forth and sustained. al bus pure and composts made from it, are most valuable and relia
(For the Cultivator and Country Gentleman.) dowsClod Crushers. Book Farming. &c.
not bassi COOKED FEED FOR HOGS. i 837817
boEng. CULTIVATOR AND CO. GENT. 9-1 will give you my 5. Cum
cooked feed to hogs. cate," you say, and I say that if any one expects to, they
I weig red five short
shotts their gross weight was 566*Ibs. must make a beginning. I will give a little evidence of red 150 108, wheat bran, cooked, 'in eigăt days-weight the value of taking agricultural papers, which I began to 628 lbs. 7gam, 62 lbs. take and read 18 years ago, and have not been without Fed 280 lbs., or four bushels poor frost-bit corn, cook, one or more since. I do not think it spoils the value of ed, in eight dayon weight, 646 lbs.-gain, 18 lbs. any information to go through the agricultural printing Fed 246.dbşor 3*, busbels secondo uality corn, cooked, press as some do, although-they would practice the sámě in eight days—weight, 698 lbs.-gain, 52 lbs. if it was told them by their neighbors. I often have got Il calculate right, the bran, cooked, at four cents per information from one number of your paper, and others, pound for the gain on the legs, paid 38 cents per bushiel which was of more value than the cost of the paper for of 29 lbsolio The frost-bit corn paid 18 cents per busheli years. I will give you'an instance of it.
thatswasjas nuehias could be expected of such com. Two The Clod Crusher which you gåve a description of in of them were boars that I altered wliile feeding this corn; 1578, and also this evidence of another person as to the the main ed' nothing. The second quality corn paid" 891 value of it, in 1869. I drew on the neadow last spring a cents per Bushet. sol'lis corn would not have brouglit more quantity of scrapings from the yard, which was mostly than 30 cents per bushel in market. dirbo and could not be spread so but there was a great: Pogs at four cents per pound are below the market price mnny lumps, both great and small; and remembering the here, but I calculated them at four eenta to make the same articles abovo named I tooked them up, (having kept all figures. my back vols, and not used them for kindling wood Proctor's son can as reported in four paper some have known some #do,pand weist to work and made a since, paid three per bushel for the trouble of crastier. I went to work with it, and the way it crushed feeding: my seund-quality corn paid 291 cents per bushel atid spread the lumps (dbing more and better work in one for the trouble of cooking and feeding, and on the same hour, than three or four men could do in a day) would quality of corn, he ised, it would have paid 10 cents per convince those most set against book farming, that there is bushel mores His gain is about the average of feeding a profit in taking the papers.; (and, by the way some of on dry corn, WinNky...Chia Farm, I, s. 2 one .
TXT 10 I buon had to do a great deal of work last year at home and at 591 of 10 mo [For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) tạë neighbors, fitting land for grain and roots, and evver- amit go. Films on the Eyes of Cattle. Idend ing grass seeds. I think it is equal to its recommends by
2 CH 10 your fonder correspondents, although mine was not
Messrs. Evitons—I have seen inquiries about films on ifade after your pattern exactly. Not having any plavk the eyes of cattle. I have never had a trial on cattle, but of the right shape; I made it out of common 2 inch plank, have cured or taken off films twice or three times from
boat to draw off the stone from the land at the cow two or three times a day for three or four days. Take same time.
a little in the mouth, and it is easily deposited in the eye,' Now if I could induce one or more to try it by calling It is mild, easily tried, and not expensive. their attention to it again, I should think I had done some good by trying to communicate. Would it not be well for
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) you to give a description of it again!
Ice Cream and Cake. The ink which this is written with, is also an evidence
FOR “ JENNIE,”-nod if she does not think it "excellent," of the value of taking these papers, it being made from she will differ from many others who do. the receipt in the Feb. Cultivator, page 51, a quart costing One quart good sweet cream—2 quarts new milk-2 teaonly three cents.
BOOK FARMER. spoons arrow-root mixed with two of zvod batter-14 pounds Vernon, N, Y.
white sugar, and the yolks of 5 eggs well beaten up. Agreeably to the suggestion above, we reprint the dcs.
Boil the milk, and stir in tbo mixture of arrow-root and
butter, and as soon as that boils, set it off, ard stir in the cription of the clod crusher alluded to. It was furnished sugar nad eggs, and let it cool. Then stir ihe cream in, and for our papers by Mr. D. McCULLOCK, of London Co., Va. Aavor with a little mavilla, lemon, or what else best suits the
MATERIALS.—One scantling 3 by 4, and 12 feet long, to taste, and then freeze. be sawed into three pieces-7 planks 5 feet long, and 7
The wbites of eggs not used in the ice cream, will help to inches wide, two inches thick on one edge, and the other make a very nice cake to eat with it, called "Silvor edge balf an inch thick ; (sawyers can saw them by raising ounces butter, whites of 5 or 7 eggs, well beuten, an 1 Aavorod
"Lady" cake. Half a pound sugar, 6 ounces four, three one edge of the log,) and one plank 14 inches thick, and with extract of bitter almond.
Lucy. 12 inches wide.
Burlington Co., N.JOC 7 How to MAKK IT.-Lay down the pieces of scantling biti ni aw3 m2 21 feet apart; lay on one plank, thick edge to the end, e vitoon b?» [For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) take an incli anger and bore through the plank and scant- kuzit 10x3 b3 CHEAP PAINT. linglincountersink the holes through the plank with a chisel, so that the pins will not draw through; then take
EDITORS T Nutieing an inquiry for a cheap paint the best plank and lap it one inch over the thin edge or to put on old buildings, in answer I would say I haro had the other, and put the pins through so that they will catch some experience in that line, and will give the desired infor
mation. both planks; when the last plank is on, slope off the scaut
In the first place take some fine oil meal, mix it with cold Jing like a sledge runner; then put on the wide plank, turn water; then put it on the stove, and keep stirring till it boils. over, wedye pins, bore a slanting hole in each piece about Then reduce it to the desired thicknese with warin water. If a foot from the front, to pull by. Put a chain of suitable you wish it wbite, stir in whiting, or any color you like. Ap.1 length on the pins ; hook your swingle trees to the middle; ply with a brush, the same as paint. It fills the pores in tho driver to stand on the hind end. If not heavy enough, wood, so that after two coats it will cost no more to paint an put on stone. It does not answer well on stony land, he old building than it would a new one. It penetrates the wood, ja cause the stones don't break. If the land is tranted very and does not peel off like whitewash. It is never safe to paint fine, and once-over is not enough,' hartow up the clods. ovor whitewash. It will last a number of years, as the oily
nature of the meal keeps it from washing. III A. B. 90) and go over again. Tarmers living on clay loams will find
C this tool of great advantage. We use it after the harrow, and it saves one hartowing It has several advantages recently died at that place, from the effects of sleeping over
Daur BEDS.—Mr. H. E. Stanley, of Stourport, Scotland, over the roller-'eosts less, turns casier, pulverizes better, night at Ross in a bed with damp clothes. Medical aid was and levels, and ad mo? 3 31.03 uz syns i 1920speedily called but proved of no avail. ...W
bata aquos bas 2100 COLUXrLi...
1.6? (For the County Gentleman and Cultivator.) CORN CULTURE IN KENTUCKY. Death of a Distinguished Agriculturist.
Eps. Co. Gent.--I would have written an article upon On the 11th of April Mr. B. V. FRENCH, of Harrison the cultivation of Indian Corn, some time since, but I lelt Square, Dorchester, Mass., departed this life at the ripe it was like taking coals to New-Castle. A Hoosier corresage of 69. "His funeral took place on the 12th, at Dr. pondent, in your issue of March 29th, tells how they culStarr's church in Braintree, where Mr. F, formerly resided, nite as to be of very little use to one needing instruction. and was attended by a very large concourse of people.
I think, therefore, that the precise mode of cultivation, of Mr. Benjanin Vinton French was born in Braintree, some good practical farmer, would be much more to the July 29th, 1791_-learned the business of a groceretbegan purpose. As I have beer at the business a good while, trade in 1812, and followed it 25 years.'! As early as 1818 and have tried a good many plans, I will give an account he began to interest himself in farming, and soon after of my practice last season, by which I produced six thoubecame a landholder-enlarging his farm in 1824, and in sand bushels shelled coin on less than one hundred acres. 1886 gave up his business in Boston, after having acquired The land was all spring-plowed--which was done as a good property by dilligence and assudity'in iús calling. deep as any teams could possibly draw the plows. Did
To prevent ennui, on quitting the busy marts of city not plow an acre of ground when too wet. Let patience activity, his friends advised bim to furnich hintself with a bave its perfect work in this particular. Harrowed wben fishing tackle and a sporting gun, which he did, but found the ground was in proper order, with heavy two-horse no occasion to use them for the purpose anticipated, for diamond harrows, twenty-four teethi Laid off both ways, he found his rural employment ample for this
three feet and a half, with one-horse diamond plow, as His farm comprised about 200 acres, mostly under cul. deep as horse could pull. Planted white flint corn, small tivation. It consisted of a great variety of soils from the cob; covered with hoe; plenty of dirt. Best field planted gravelly to the mucky.. lle inclosed his grounds with 10ti of May. stone walls—the materials being taken from his fields Did not work my corn until it was stout enough to bear often trenching deeply before building the wall. llis close severe plowing. Implement'úséd was the one horse moist grounds were drained and made cultivable and pro- diamond ploi--narrow and deep, made to order--run the ductive.
bar and split the middle. This is done twice in immediate He collected the meanwhile, the largest and most valu- succession, before leaving each field; then drop the plow able Agricultural Library in the State-to which he added and thin. (My land bears three stocks.) Then treat the the best current Agricultural and Horticultural journals, next field in like manner until you get round the whole both domestic and foreign... He was a constant reader of crop. By the time this is done, the first field is able to his books, magazines and papers-thuş seeking to unite bear the mould-board. Throw two furrows, deep and practice with science.
strong--as deep as the horse can pull, and as close as the As a Pomologist, his judgment and skill were generally plow can get, and split the middle. Do "this once, and acknowledged. He had at one time over 400 varieties of proceed to No. 2, and so on. When you get through all, the apple in cultivation, with as many pears—with large repeat this immediately. This will make four plowings, varieties of pluins, cherries, and of the smaller fruits. which is about all that we can do with 100 acres or more. This was done to test the varieties, for the purpose of de- Our wheat barvest comes in here from the 20th Junie to termining the best for economical purposes or uses in 1st July, and our corn is rarely ever large enough to lay cultivation.
by at that time. The crop is alınost always greatly beneHe built a very costly barn-one which has been de- fitted by plowing thoroughly after harvest. Do not abanscribed in the Gentleman and Cultivator. Though it was don the plowing on account of drouth. Plow-plordeemed "a model barn” by many, yet it was too expen- plow, in dry weather-fear not. sive for cominon farmers to imitate.
As to other imp ments for cultivating corn, I have Mr. French was one of the founders of the Massachu- eight of the five hoc cultivators; and as to shovel plows, setts Horticultural Society, the National Pomological So- showers of them. These are all very good, but the ciety, the United States Agricultural Society, the Norfolk heaviest crops I ever made, to wit—7,500 bushels and Co. Agricultural Society, the Mass. Board of Agriculture, 6,000 bushels were made without them. of which he was a member until a short time before liis Boon County, Ky.
A KY. FARMER death; and by bis influence an act was past by the Legislature in 1856, for the establishing of a Massachusetts COMPOSTING ANIMAL MATTER. School of Agriculture.
A short time before his death, the estate of Mr. French Editors CorntRY GENTLEMAN-Having noticed an inwas found involved in irrevocable debt, and was sold at a quiry in the Country Gentleman in respect to animals for terrible sacrifice, really not less than relatively. After his manure, I will give you my practice. I have been in the homestead and effects were sold, Mr. F. removed from habit of killing from 40 to 50 calves a year at four days Braintree to the place where he resided at the time of his old. I make a pen 12 feet square; then cover the bottom death-and soon after opened a Farm Ageney office, in four inches deep with swamp nuck; then place on the North Market street, Boston, where he held constant and carcass of a calf, and cover it with one load of muck, and congevial intercourse with farmers in matters relativg to so on until they are all in—one two-horse wagon load of rural economy-buying and selling stock, &c. He dis-muck to each calf. If I lose a cow or any other animal posed of a part of his library to the State Board of Agri. in the course of the year, it is put into the heap, with the culture, a part to a gentleman in Boston, and retained a same proportion of swamp muck. When it has laid one part down to the time of his demise. He was often heard year, I apply it to the land. According to my experito regret that he sold his books such as had been his con- ments, it is worth twice its bulk of stable manure. In stant companions and silent counsellors for many years. 1856 I applied 25 two-horse wagon loads of stable manure
The death of such a man is a great public loss-leaving to the aere on an old meadow, and plowed it in. Then I void a place that cannot be easily filled. He was a man plowed a piece on one side of it without any manure, on of highly cultivated taste, of great enterprise and energy which I applied about half as much of the animal compost of character--an advocate of progress, and promoter of to the acre as I had of the stable mamire; then harrowed improvement in everything that concerned the welfare of it all, and planted to corn; the next spring sowed it to society--remarkably genial and entertaining in conversa- oats and seeded it to timothy and clover. There has been tion-always abounding in good humor---full of anecdote, quite a perceptible difference in each crop in favor of the and ever ready to communicate valuable information on a compost. I could see a difference in color and in growth wide range of subjects. But Mr. French's work is done, of cach crop, for more than fifty rods from the field, for and well done, in testimony of which, the Massachusetts three years past. I did not harvest it separately to know Horticultural Society has decided to erect a suitable monu- the exact difference the land and treatment all the same. ment over lis grare in Craintree.
rest Faulet 17.
* 2 days, team drawing in barn,....
21 00 500 49 00 4 00
$114 09 19 95 5 00
doubtful kinds of enttle cake. It is used by almost every YXOR 12
cattle or sheep feeder we know, and even the game keeper
knows nothing cheaper than the best wheat for bis birds. THE CULTIVATOR. These uses of it must enormously increase its consumption, -447742 ได้
demand is as remarkable a thing in its way as is the high
og tom price of mutton in the face of the enormous supply of sheep ALBANY, N. Y., MARCH, 1860.
An act of incorporation has recently passed the to co We have given in another part of this paper some Legislature of Pennsylvania, for an association whose deaccount of the feeding operations of Mr. Jurian Winne. sign it is to institute a “Model Farm," to be located Since our visit at his place, he has sold 100 of the sheep, probably in Chester, Delaware, or Montgomery county, and we find the following paragraph in the last market re- including also a Botanic Garden, and opportunities, in conports of the N. Y. Times:
nection with the Polytechnic College at Philadelphia, for At O'Brien's also, in Sixth-street, there were a few sheep on hand, the instruction of a limited number of Agricultural pupils. of 1, 434 received during the past week. Some of them were of prime The Philadelphia Ledger states that the list of corporafew miles out of Albany. Mr. Winne has well earned the reputation tors includes the names of some of the most energetic, reof being one of the best seeders in the State, of which some stock, yet spected and wealthy citizens of the five sonth-eastern were sold by McGraw & O'Brien, as follows: 3 to W. Lalor, $51; 20 to counties of the State, men of action, who never begin an B. Lawrence, at 7%c. per lb.. live weight, or $235,72; 55 to M. Tabin, enterprise which they do not carry through.” The capital average of $11.99 each. The 20 sold to B. Lawrence weighed 137 lbs. stock is fixed at $50,000, and it is thought such an estabeach, ulu huto.com
lishment may be so managed as to be an interest-paying Cultivate and Preserve Celery," by Mr. as well as a useful and practical institution. THEOPHILUS ROESSLE of the Delavan House, is now ready.
Goop Crop OF Oats—BENEFIT OF DRAINING.-Mr. ALIt is preceded by a preface, containing an account of the author's life, from the pen of HENRY S. Olcort. The BERT VAN Voast, Pond Grove, Schenectady, believes in
thorough draining, having carried it out on a large farm. price of the book is $1. Mr. ROESSLE is very concise in his style, and 60 or 70 adjoining his farm, which had been so run down, that it pomoland
He bought in 1858, eight and three-quarters acres of land pages of large type, comprise the whole results of his expe had not reyted for years for more than a dollar an acre. rience with the celery plant. There is considerable in his He underdrained it thoroughly, and sowed it to oats last instructions which will probably be novel to the gardener, spring. His account with the crop is as follows: and at first perhaps received with doubt. But coming as
OAT LOT-8X ACRES, Dr. it does, from a man who has proved in long practice the
To 9y, days team plowing, dragging, &c., $2.50. correctness of what he writes, and who claims that equal 2% do. sowing, &c., 75c.,..
“ 24 bushels of oats for seed, G 5lc...
12 96 success is attainable by any one who carefully follows the * 28 days cradling, binding, &c., @ 75c., directions he gives, we can but regard this brochure as
Interest on land at $700, worth its price to any grower or lover of celery. It is illustrated, it should be added, with a number of Colored Plates, and comprises the care and treatment of both sum- Add threshing 550 bushels @ 3% cents, mer and winter crops of this vegetable.
do. for cleaning, ENLARGEMENT.–Our friend WM. THORBURN, whose seed store on the corner of Broadway and Maiden Lane, Albany, has been well known for twenty years or more, has
By 550 bushels, @ 40c. found it necessary, from the increase of his business, to
Total, enlarge his borders, which he has done by annexing the Deducting expenses,. the adjoining store. The partition having been removed
Profit,.. and the two stores made into one, he has now a spacious Here is a clear profit of over $14 per acre, after deductestablishment, well filled with all the varieties of seeds ing $7 per acre for rent, from land which before draining necessary for the farm and the garden. See his advertise would not rent for more than $1 per acre. ments. PLEURO-PNEUMONIA.--A communication having been
CARELESS LETTER-WRITERS.- We lately received a letlately received by the Royal Agricultural Society of Eng. ter from a subscriber, complaining that he had been cheatland from the Central Society of Agriculture in Belgium, ed by a person who some time since advertised some seeds requesting information on Pleuro-pneumonia and the in this paper—that is, he had sent the required stamps, means adopted to combat the disease, having particular but had received no seeds in return. Knowing the adverregard to the effects of inoculation--a reply was ordered tiser to be an honest man, we sent our correspondent's to be made tbat inoculation was not found in Great Britain letter to him, that he might explain the cause of the failure. to rest on any scientific basis, and as such it has not re- In reply he says-_“I have received over 300 letters since ceived the sanction or support of the Royal Society.
the publication of my advertisement in the Country GEN
TLEMAN, and in twelve of them the writer's name is want. Trial of REAPERS, &c.— The Royal Agricultural Society ing, and several of them no post-office or any thing else of Holland propose to bave an exhibition and trial of by which I could find out bis residence, is given. I have steam cultivators and reaping machines in August next, now over 20 of these letters which I bave been unable to offering first and second prizes of about £30 and £15 in answer, either for the want of the name or residence of each class. These sums of course are not likely to tempt the writers. These letters have given me a vast deal of competition ; but the probability of custom is. The level trouble, and I wish you would try to impress upon your lands of Holland are particularly well adapted for both readers the necessity of giving their full address.” Our these machines.
advice to those who have sent stamps for seeds, and have 17" Mr. Edw. Elliott, of East Greenbush, has laid on not received them, is to write again, and be careful to give our table some specimens of a seedling sweet apple with their names, post-office, county, and State.
They were in good order, showing at least the OREGON TIMBER. The trade in wood for 1859 at Lonpossession of fine keeping qualities.
don, as reported in the Farmer's Magazine, shows the arriWHEAT FOR CATTLE FEEDING:--The London Agricul. val there of four cargoes from Oregon and Vancouver's tural Gazette, in answer to the inquiry" which is the Isle"magnificent trees," it is stated, "said to be Abies cheapest food for cattle-wheat, barley, oats, cake, maize Douglasii-creating as much wonder in the naturalist as or beans !--says:
in the trade." Their chief purpose is for masts, for which “At the present prices the first of these is ng economical as it is added, they "combine all the qualities required, and any. Wheat at 1d. per lb., is as cheap a food ng can be have already attracted the attention” both of the British bought--if we except some of the cheaper but still somewhat I and other foreign governments"in length from 100 to
9 tons straw @ $5,
$265 00 138 00