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130 feet; in diameter 30 to 39 inches throughout their
The Seventh Annual Report of the Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Agriculture, for the year 1859, is at hand with commendable promptness. The attention of the Board during the past year, has been occupied chiefly in the collection of statistical and other information upon various subjects relating to agriculture, and the results of its investigations are embodied in the reports of the committees to which special topics were assigitod, presented and accepted at the annual meeting in January. The Horticultural information contained in the report on general Fruit Culture, is interesting and useful. The reports of the Delegates to the various exhibition of the
county and other societies, are a valuable feature. An Appendix contains the general Statutes relating to Agriculture, recently passed or amended, including the Dog law, the law for the preservation of certain animals and birds, &c.
He sows a peck of seed to the three-fourths as much,' Mr. W. commenced with four cows, but in fifteen years kept twenty-four cows same farm, and is no ws on the now leased another farm. keeping 80 head of cattle, LARGE HOGS. Having lately sent you an account of a few crosses of large, heavy, fat hogs made by some of our Burlington county farmers this year, I now send you the account of six hogs fed and killed by Benj. White, near Jacksonville, of this county-one each year in six successive years—viz; Weight 606 pounds, pror! #
All net dressed weight-averaging 7481⁄2 pounds each.
PROPER DEPTH OF PLANTING CORN,At a recent meet
No, 1-1-inch corn came up in 8 days.
Mr. E. W. DENNISON, of 163 Washington-st., Bosing of a Farmer's Club in Illinois, Mr. Waterbury read the ton, has sent us samples of Tree and Plant Labels manu following table, from the old Prairie Farmer, showing factured by him in Wood and Zinc. There are four sizes the time at which corn came up when planted at different in wood, so cheaply furnished as to make it an object for depths, from one to six inches: of mak plant-growers and nurserymen to purchase ing them-the price being only from 40 to 62 m 40 to 62 cents per thousand. Of the zine labels there are three sizes, intended to be attached by wire, and written upon with a chemical ink, a receipt for making which is given, or it can also be had ready made of Mr. D. The price of the zinc labels is from $2 to $3 per 1,000 only. Samples of the whole may be seen at this office.
14-inch corn came up in 944 day 95812 125, 9T 3-2-inch corn came up in 10 days, saimaized she obst 4-244-inch corn came up in 11 6-3-inch corn ce up in 12 days. 16-34-inch corn came upin 18 days, 7-4-inch corn came up in 12% days. 84-inch corn→→ དཎཾ '' ', ཨཙྪཱ 95-inch corn-10-5-inch corn came up în 174 days. 11-6-inch corn
Nos. 8, 9, and 11, were dug up after 22 days, and it was DOES GYPSUM SERVE TO FIX AMMONIA IN STABLES, &C. found that No. 8 had one inch more to grow to reach the sur -Statements and recommendations, implying sometimes face; Nos. 9 and 11 had just sprouted, but were short, and a positive and sometimes a negative answer to the above were within three inches of the surface. No. 10 came up in question, may be found in the columns of this paper. 17 days, but the tender leaf remained green only six days, Some of our correspondents incline to one view, and others and then withered. The more shallow the seed was covered to the opposite one. One correspondent not long ago ex- by the earth, the more rapidly the sprout made its appearpressed himself as quite skeptical as to the property usual-ance, and the stronger afterwards the stalk. ly ascribed to gypsum when merely sprinkled in the dry state upon the floor of a stable or upon a manure heap, basing his doubts or disbelief upon the fact that while dry or undissolved, plaster can absorb but little or none at all, and that it requires about 500 parts (say ounces) of water to dissolve one part (ounce) of this substance.
While such diversity of opinion exists, perhaps no one will be acknowledged as competent to decide the question with authority, save some chemists of established character and skill. But meanwhile, the decision pronounced by the Editor of the N. British Agriculturist is worthy of consideration. He says "It (gypsum) is found in practice not to be a good fixer of ammonia in stables, byres, &c."
The editor of the Boston Cultivator has seen a part of the fat sheep fed by JURIAN WINNE in this county, and noticed lately in our columns. Our contemporary says that only 120 had then been slaughtered, the averaged dressed weight of which "was 96 lbs. each. We understand that Mr. Winne received for the lot, seven and one-eighth cents per pound, live weight-probably amounting to eleven or twelve dollars per head. They were unquestionably a very superior lot-some good judges say the best they have ever seen in this country."
PEAS WITH SPRING RYE.-One of my neighbors has always made it a practice to sow peas with spring rye. One gives support to the other, and the rye keeps the peas from lodging, they then being less liable to mildew. When harvested and threshed they can be easily separated, and thus two crops are secured in one season from one piece of ground, with very little extra labor.
Mr. Waterbury said his experience taught him that' three-quarters of an inch was the best depth. He would? step on the hill after planting; this would pack the ground, and the dews would keep it moist.
At a meeting of the trustees, held on the 13th April, Rev. Dr. J. W. Scorr, late President of Washington College, Pa., was elected President of the Maryland State Agricultural College.
SPROUTING SEED POTATOES.-The Rural New-Yorker gives an account of some experiments with potatoes, showing that "from a whole potato, as a general rule, only from two to four of the strongest eyes grew, the others remaining dormant-the eyes obtaining the first start appearing to have exhausted the nutriment in the potato before those slower in growing had got ready to claim their share. The same potato cut in two, three, or even four pieces, would give about the same number of shoots to each set, though the smaller the sets the weaker were the shoots. To these rules there were some exceptions, for occasionally most of the eyes in a whole potato would commence growth about, the same time, and a good many small shoots would be the result, while sometimes a very small set would give one or two strong shoots."
ENGLISH FARMING.-The Detroit Tribune copies the published report of the second lecture on English Agricul ture, delivered at the recent Yale Course by one of the editors of this paper, prefacing an extended editorial notice with the following paragraph:
We have before remarked that of all the Agricultural tourists and "commissioners" who have crossed the Atlantic for the purpose of studying European Agriculture, L. H. Tucker appears to have taken the best course for deriving benefit from the excursion. He has visited the best agricultural districts of Great Britain, Ireland and France, also the principal exhibitions or cattle shows and the most celebrated farmers, and held a "big talk" with men whose practical knowledge of productive farming is beyond question. When the valua Mil-ble information which Mr. Tucker has acquired, is diffused for let is not so good as English hay, but is worth two-thirds or and wide through the large circulation of the Country Gen
tleman, of which he is one of the editors and proprietors, a
THE KENTUCKY STATE AG. SOCIETY are to hold two Tobacco Fairs in May- -one at Paducah on the 9th, and the other at Louisville on the 16th. At these Fairs over $2,000 is to be paid in premiums on Tobacco. Their regular State Fair is to be held near Bowling Green, commencing Sept. 18, and continuing five days. R. W. SCOTT, Esq., Frankfort, is the Secretary, to whom communications may be addressed.
held at obtain the original variety for field or garden culture, address AWTON BLACKBERRY-TO
The next State Fair of Illinois is to be Jacksonville, beginning on the 10th and closing on the 15th of September. A premium of one thousand dollars is offered for the best steam plow.
WM. LAWTON, New Rochelle, N. Y.
INDIANA STATE FAIR.—I notice in the last number of BUCKEYE PREMIUM MOWER
the Journal of the N. Y. State Ag. Society, an erroneous
The 10th Annual Fair of the PUTNAM CO. AG. So-
President-CHAUNCY R. WEEKS, Carmel,
Secretary-G. Mortimer Belden, Carmel.
Treasurer-Saxton Smith, Putnam Valley, and six Vice Presidents. OFFICERS OF THE Ontario Co. AG. SOCIETY FOR 1860:
President-WILLIAM S. CLARK, Victor.
Vice-Presidents-Wm. G. Donelson, Bristol; C. Edward Shepherd,
Cor. Secretary-Gideon Granger, Canandaigua.
Town Committees of three from each town in the county.
WITH FLEXIBLE FOLDING BAR.MUS The farmer intending to purchase a Mower, will find it to his advantage to examine the Buckeye for 1860, which combines all those
features which have given it its present reputation, that of
THE BEST MOWING MACHINE IN THE WORLD. together with several important improvements added the present
AS IT APPEARS IN THE FIELD.
The machine is supported on two driving wheels, which act together or separately, keeping the knives in motion in turning either to the right or left.
The cutter bar is attached to the frame by a DOUBLE HINGE JOINT,
NIAGARA CO. AG. SOCIETY.-I send you a list of the which allows either end to rise or fall without affecting the other.
officers of the Niagara Co. Ag. Society for 1860:
President FRANKLIN SPALDING, Lewiston.
Vice President O. P. Knapp, Lockport. 99
The Society have, for several years past, held a Fair and Show in the spring, for the exhibition of stock animals, that the farmers may have a better opportunity for selecting such as they would prefer to breed from also for the sale of stock, seeds, implements, &c., &c. This year the spring Show will be held at Lockport on the 3d of May.
adapting itself to all inequalities of the surface, and also adding great ly to the strength of the machine.
WHEN NOT IN USE THE CUTTERS CAN BE INSTANTLY FOLDED OVER THE } FRONT OF THE FRAME, RENDERING THE MACHINE AS PORTABLE AS A COM MON CART.
One of the strongest proofs of the great success of the Buckeye Mower, is found in the fact that, since its introduction, so many other machine manufacturers have changed the construction of their own machines, and introduced features in IMITATION of the BUCKEYE. These imitations are all necessarily failures, as the desired advanta ges cannot be attained without infringing the Buckeye Patents. TO THE BUCKEYE MOWER, AND IS SECURED BY THE PATENTS OF SYLLA & ADAMS, AND AULTMAN & MILLER, WHICH PATENTS WILL BE FULLY SUSTAINED AGAINST ALL INFRINGEMENTS. The greatest care will be taken in the selection of material, and the construction of the Machine, and the Buckeye of 1860 will present? more claims than ever before, to the consideration of the farmer wishing to secure the best Mowing Machine.
The DOUBLE JOINTED, FLEXIBLE BAR, BELONGS EXCLUSIVELY,
Orders must be sent early to Secure Machines, My unfilled orders of last season amounted to several hundred. Descriptive Circular, .:100
The Onondaga County an read of boligde aan go to be held at Syra- with testimonials, forwarded by mail. cuse, Sept. 26, 27 and 28.
The second Annual Fair and Cattle Show of the Afton Agricultural Society, will be held at the village of Afton, Chenango Co., on the 12th and 13th of Sept. next.
LL KINDS OF AGRICULTURAL BOOKS. Farmers, Gardeners, Nurserymen, Fruit-growers, Dairymen, Cattle Dealers, and all persons interested in tilling the soil or adorning their grounds and dwellings, will be supplied with the most complete as sortment of Books relating to their business that can be found in the world, by C. M. SAXTON, BARKER & CO., Agricultural Booksellers and Publishers of the Horticulturist, No. 25 Park Row, New-York, Catalogues gratis. Books sent by mail. AGENTS WANTED. Mar 15-w15tm3t
OARDMAN, GRAY & CO.
ELEGANT ROSEWOOD CASES!
GOOD AND DURABLE!
Send for Circulars, giving full description.
MEND YOUR OWN TIN-WARE.—
MARBLEHEAD DRUMHE A D. full printed directions, sent to any address on receipt of 25 cents, by
A new and novel process, so simple that any person can mend all
same rank among cabbages as the Hubbard squash among squashes, AMERICAN
being distinguished for its reliability for setting a symmetrical head
From Jarvis and Baker Islands,
In the South Pacific Ocean. Under the Protection of the U. S. Government. Imported by the American Guano Company, N. Y. manent value to the soil, is sold by the Company in large or small This Guano, far superior to any other Fertilizer known, and of perquantities, at $40 per ton. Liberal discount made to dealers Every package sold by the Company will be stamped with their TRADE-MARK. Orders from the country will be promptly attended to. For full particulars and pamphlets-Address AMERICAN GUANO CO.. No. 66 William Street, New-York. at 366 Broadway, Albany. WILLIAM MITCHELL, Agent.
10 FARMERS AND GARDENERS-made by the Lodi Manufacturing Company, in lots to suit purchasers. This article is in the twentieth year of its introduction into this country, and has outlived fertilizers of every other description, for the following reasons:-
1st. It is made from the night soll of the City of New-York, by the L. M. C., who have a capital of over $100,000 invested in the business, which is at risk should they make a bad article.
2d. For corn and vegetables it is the cheapest, neatest and handiest manure in the world, it can be placed in direct contact with the seed; forces and ripens vegetation two weeks earlier, prevents the cut worm, doubles the crop, and is without disagreeable odor. Three dollars worth or two barrels is all sufficient to manure an acre of corn in the PRICK-1 bbl. 2-2 bbls. $3.50-5 bbls. 8, and over 6 bbls. $1.50 per barrel, delivered free of cartage to vessel or railroad in New York 2430
A pamphlet containing every information, and certificates from farmers all over the United States, who have used it from two to seventeen years, will be sent free to any one applying for the same. GRIFFING BROTIERS & CO. Feb. 16-w13tm3t. 60 Courtlandt Street, New-York. PERUVIAN GUANO,
Government Brand and Weight on every bag.
BONE DUST, LAND PLASTER, &c.
LBANY TILE WORKS, CORNER CLINTON AVENUE AND KNOX STREET, ALBANY, N. Y. The Subscribers, being the most extensive manufacturers of DRAINING TILE in the United States, have on hand, in large or small quantities, for Land Draining, ROUND, SOLE and HORSE-SHOE TILE, warranted superior to any made in this country, hard-burned, and over one foot in length. Orders solicited. Price List sent on applica tion. C. & W. McCAMMON Albany, N. Y.
IGHTNESS OF DRAFT is one of ing and Reaping Machine. To secure this the Machine itself should be light, and yet made of such material as to insure perfect strength, durability, and freedom from injurious effects produced on some machines by exposure to the weather. The frame of the Kirby machine is made of iron, in one piece, and of such form as to secure the greatest strength with the least possible weight. The boxes of the gearing shafts are cast on, and are a part of this frame-thus securing beyond a doubt that all the gearing shall retain the same relative position, without reference to exposure to wet or heat, as long as the machine lasts; while in machines with wood frames, or frames of wood and iron combined, the relative position of the gears and all the bearings must inevitably be changed by every exposure to rain and sunshine; thus the gears are made to mash too deep and run hard, or not deep enough, and actually slip gear, and any one at all acquainted with the qualities of timber can see that the working and draft of a machine may by this means be very much affected, and from this cause alone may possibly become entirely useless in two or three seasons. The Kirby is free from any such objection. The boxes are lined with Babbit metal, and the longer it is used the easier it will work. Send for book with full description and the opinions of those who have used them.
GLENVILLE, Schenectady Co., N. Y., Sept. 26, 1859. GENTLEMEN-I have used one of Kirby's American Harvesters two seasons, and am perfectly satisfied that in respect to durability, light; ness of draft, ease of management and quality of work, it is surpassed by no other machine with which I am acquainted, either as a mower or reaper, and there are a number of different machines in the neighborhood. I have used it on both smooth and rough ground, and am satified there is no machine before the public which, for lightness of draft, amount of work, and ability to keep the surface of the ground, through ditches and over stones, free from side draft, comfortable position for the driver and raker, workmanlike manner in which the grass and grain are cut and laid, and durability, all considered, combine so many advantages as this machine; therefore I cheerfully recommend it above all others, to any farmer who wishes a machine. Yours, DANIEL KNAPP. To D. M. OSBORNE & Co.
CANAJOHARIE, Feb. 21, 1860. MESSRS. B. & A. SMITH: Gents-I have used your Kirby American Harvester the past season with entire satisfaction, both as a Mower and Reaper. I have cut lodged clover around the plece, cutting it the way it was lodged, shorter stubble than my neighbors did with the Hallenbeck machine, cutting against the lodge. I am satisfied I did much better work than I could have done with the scythe or any other machine that I have used. As a Reaper, I do not think it has an equal; it reaps perfectly, cutting all of the grain and delivering it so it will dry about as well as from the cradle. I am satisfied a farmer will save enough with it from his farm in one year, more than he could with the cradle, to pay the price of the reaper attachment. Its Independent action of the driving-wheel, allowing it to be in a dead furrow, and passing over obstructions without interfering with the cutter bar, so it cuts a uniform height of stubble, is a great superiority
over all other machines I have knowledge of. In lightness of draft, driver in his seat has over the machine, makes it the most desirable in want of a machine, to buy the Kirby American Harvester, and to machine in the market; and I can cheerfully recommend my friends buy the combined machine; for a farmer is short-sighted to buy a machine that will do but half of his work, when for a little extra he EDWIN WILLIAMS. can get one to do all.
MINDEN, Montgomery Co., N. Y., Jan. 24, 1860. MESSRS, B. & A. SMITH: Gents The Kirby American Harvester that I bought of you this season, has given me entire satisfaction. I consider it by far the best Machine in use in this section, and I am familiar with most of the prominent Machines. I have used a Ketchum Machine for six years, and sold it this summer. I decided to try the Kirby, because I consider it by much the best Machine in lightness of draft and its adaptation to uneven surfaces. I know of no Machine that will in any way equal it. It works perfectly as a Reaper. I reaped all my grain with it. I would recommend it as fully for reaping as mowing. I am at a loss to understand why a farmer will buy a machine that will mow only, when he can get one that will do the whole work. You have but to get a farmer to try the Kirby, and he is sure to buy it. Yours respectfully, H. C. SANDERS.
The undersigned, having used Mr. Sanders' Kirby Machine, and seen it at work, join with him in recommending it to the public as a ahead as a Mower and Reaper to any other machine in this section. very perfect and desirable Machine, and would say that it is far
Jan. 24, 1860.
JACOB SANDERS. S. F. SMITH, JACOB P. BELLINGER. FISHKILL, Duchess Co.. N. Y., Jan, 1, 1860. D. M. OSBORNE & Co.: Gents-The Kirby Machine I bought of your agent at Poughkeepsie, works to a charm-it suits me exactly. As a Mower, I found the draft light, very easy for two horses; there is no weight on the necks of the horses, and very little side draft. I can mew an acre of grass an hour with ease. For simplicity, durability, and strength, the Machine is superior to any I ever saw. I cut twenty-five acres grass over smooth, rough and uneven ground, and it travels over small ditches without any difficulty. The independent action of the finger bar I consider a decided improvement; it makes the machine better aeapted to rough, uneven ground. Keep the knives sharp, and there will be no difficulty in mowing any kind of grass, either coarse or fine. I consider the Kirby Machine preferable to any other I have seen, and would cheerfully recommend it to any that need one. Yours, &c., SYLVESTER TOWNSEND.
Manufactured by D, M. OSBORNE & CO., AUBURN, N. Y., and 145 Pratt st., BALTIMORE, Md., and for sale at their factories, and by their agents, GRIFFING BROS. & CO., 60 Courtlandt street, New-York; PLANT & BRO., St. Louis, Mo.; HOOKER & JONES, 107 Lake st., Chicago; CARTER & BUCHANAN, Louisville, Ky; ARMSTRONG & CO., Nashville, Tenn., and by agents in every county. April 12-May 24
Contents of this Number.
Editorial Notes Abroad-Agriculture of Norfolk,..
Corn Growing in Pennsylvania, by JAMES M. KINKEAD,.
Importance of Farmer's Clubs...
Western New-York Ag. and Mech. Association..
The Woodward Gate, by GEO. E. WOODWARD,.
Culture and Value of Millet, by C. WooD DAVIS...
SHAKER SEEDLING STRAWBERRY. This remarkable Seedling originated at the Shaker settlement in Watervliet, N. Y., four years ago, and having proved it to be perfectly hardy, a great bearer, and fine-flavored, we now offer it to the public, feeling confident that it will give satisfaction. It was grown beside the Wilson's Albany Seedling last year, and proved to be quite as to be THE LARGEST STRAWBERRY IN THE WORLD. The following is a productive, and about twice as large. The Austin Seedling is believed correct description: Plant vigorous; foliage very large; foot stalks long and stout; fruit very large, and broadly conical; color, bright crimson; flesh rather firm, mildly acid with a rich and high flavor; flowers staminate; in full bearing about the 25th of June. Many of the berries will measure over two inches in diameter. Twelve picked from a bed without extra selection, weighed one pound. We are aware that many new seedling strawberries have been recently offered to the public that have not given satisfaction. We propose to exhi 157 bit plants of the Austin in full bearing, in pots, and berries in baskets, 157 from the 15th of June to the 4th of July, at the following places: 161 At Wm. S. Carpenter's office, 468 Pearl street. Now-York; office of 161 Hovey's Magazine of Horticulture, Boston; office of Moore's Rural New-Yorker, at Rochester; office of Country Gentleman, Albany; Farmers' Club of American Institute, New-York, and at Philadelphia.
139 Balloon Frames, 145 Hog-pen and Corn crib, Woodward's Gates,........... 152 Plans of Grounds....
ry, and if any having ordered do not feel satisfied after seeing for themselves, the money will be refunded, if desired, before the plants are delivered. The plants will be sold for $4 per dozen, or $25 per 157 hundred. Orders received immediately for plants to be delivered in July and August in rotation, as ordered. Address either
CHAUNCY MILLER, Albany, N. Y., Shaker Trustee; or
T. GRANT & CO., PATENT
They are so improved as to be taken down and packed in boxes for transportation. One dozen can be packed in a box of about six cubic feet. We also make the Grapevine Cradle. All of the above are made of the best material and workmanship. For Price List, address 1. T. GRANT & CO., Junction, Rensselaer Co., N. Y. May 1-m12t
FOORNED AUREAM BULL
OR SALE-The two-year-old SHORT.
set by imported Bull
"Squire Gwynne II," 1101, out of "Fillpail IV." &c., &c., both from Thorne's herd. See American Herd Book.
The subscriber offers him for sale on very reasonable terms, having another Bull not so nearly connected to his stock. Any one wishing to purchase may, for pedigree or further particuA. M. UNDERHILL, lars, address Clinton Corners, Duchess co., N. Y. Ap 5-w3tm2t
HORSE HOES, expanding.
CIDER MILLS AND PRESS.
CORN SHELLERS, various kinds.
EXCELSIOR FAN MILLS, three sizes.
GRAIN CRADLES AND HORSE RAKES, &c., &c.
REAT CURIOSITY.-Particulars sent
W. EGGLESTON'S COLUMN.
Notice to Farmers.
The subscriber sells all kinds of Agricultural Implements-among
Corn and Seed-Planters and Drills,
Hay and Fodder Cutters..
Horse-Powers, and Threshers and Cleaners,
Also, Rakes, Forks, Ox-Yokes, Dog-Powers, Churns, Corn-Shellers,
One Vol. 12 mo.-Price $1.50.
AMERICAN WEEDS AND USEFUL PLANTS
-Being a 2d and Illustrated edition of Agricultural Botany: an enumeration and description of useful plants and weeds, which merit the notice or require the attention of American agriculturists. By Wm. Darlington, M. D. Every Farmer or Farmer's Son who wishes to know the names and character of the plants growing on his farm, should study this book. For sale at the office of the Co. Gent, and L. TUCKER & SON. Cultivator. Now Ready and for Sale at this Office-Sent by Mail Post-Paid on Receipt of One Dollar
ROESSLE ON THE
"How to Cultivate and Preserve Celery. By THEOPHILUS ROESSLE of the Delavan House, Albany, N. Y. Edited with a Preface by Henry S. Olcott."