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7937 SHORT-HORN COW PERFECTION. White-calved in 1862-bred by Mr. Hume of Kentucky—the property of Col. W. H. SLINGERLAND, Norman's Kill, Albany Co., N. Y. Got by Rough and Ready, 929—dam Red Rose by Rhoderic Dhu, 2143. Yonng Pink, by Leonidas, 632. Kate, by Marshall Suwarrow, 692. - Old Pink, by a son of imp. Tecumseh, (5049.)

by imp. San Martin, (2599.). Mrs. Mott, [imp. by Col. Lewis Sanders of Grass Hills, Kentucky, in 1817, with “Tecumseh ” and “San Martin,"] by Adam, (717.) Starling, by a son (by Favorite, (252,)] of Mr. Maynard's old Yellow Favorite Cow. Starling, by a son of Hubback, (319.)

by Manfield, (404.) Young Strawberry, [bred by Mr. John Maynard and sold to Mr. Charles Colling in 1785,] by Dalton Duke, (188.)

Old Favorite or Lady Maynard, (bred by Mr. Maynard,] by R. Alcock's Bull, (19.) - by Jacob Smith's Bull, (608.)

Strawberry, by Jolly's Bull, (337.)

Manuring or Top-Dressing Dairy Pastures.

Beef Barrels for Pork Packing. It is pretty generally known, we presume, that bones have It is a popular notion that beef barrels are unfit for packbeen found superior to any other manure for the purpose of ing pork--that pork cannot be kept sweet in barrels formerly improving grass lands generally, and pastures used for dairy used for this purpose. H. Dodge, of Buffalo, N. Y., says, in purposes in particular. This is the result of many observaiions and experiments in different localities, of which, how- an article on this subject in the Rural New-Yorker, that anever, none are so generally known, or so conclusive as those less they have contained spoiled brine-which they are often. inade during the last thirty years in Yorkshire, Cheshire and allowed to do, through carelessness in not emptying them Lancashire, England. It has been repeatedly stated in our before hot weather, they will keep pork as well as new baragricultural publications --so often that it must bave met the eye of almost every reader of these publications—that, in the rels

, or those which have been used for pork only. He adde, neighborhood of the city of Chester there is a wide range of that barrels in wbieb brine bas been left to putrefy, cannot land which of late years bas inaintnined 30 to 50 per cent. be rendered fit for use again by any process ; an assertion we more stock than it did thirty years ago. Mention has also take the liberty to doubt. been made of one farm upon which, about ten or twelve years ago, bones were applied at the rate of 15 ewt. per acre, and

Last year a new barrel in which a quarter of beef had been upon a part of which, at the rate of 8 cwt., have been applied packed, was lost in the cellar after the meat was all consince. This farm now keeps, and has kept ever since the ap sumed—and we believe a small quantity of real was pickled plication of bones, more than double the stock it did pre- in the brine, while it was yet sweet. This was used out, and viously

Such facts as these, and the generally acklowledged superi- the barrel left without emptying, until a bad smell became ority of bones as a dressing for grass lands and dairy pastures, noticeable—it was traced to this pailful or two of brine, and were vividly brought to menory by the reading of an inquiry was at once removed from the cellar. The barrel was washed and the reply thereto, which we quote below from the North and scalded several times, with but very little effect on the British Agriculturist

, published at Edinburgh. Taking for odor it had acquired ; and wo advised that it be buried about granted, very obviously, the superiority of bone manure, a eighteen inches deep in loamy earth, and filled with the same, reader of that paper inquires wbat kind or form of bone ma- several inches above the extent of the brine, for several pure is best to apply to cow pasture as a top dressing, to which weeks. This was done, and the odor was removed; it was the cditor replies as follows: "For permanent effect, apply again washed, and has been used the past winter for packing bone-dust-sometimes sold under the rm of bone-ineal - beef with perfect success; and we ave no doubt that pork mado from bones or bone ash, or a mixture of both. Be cer- might bave been kept therein without injury from the barrel. tain that you obtain a genuine article, as it is frequently It is well known ibat fresh earth is a powerful deodorizer adulterated. For immediate effect we would suggest that you and disinfectant. In extreme cases it might be necessary to apply a superphosphate, or perhaps still better, a cheap phos- renew the filling several times, and a clayey loam would be ple..tic guano. These guanos usually contain a very consider. better than that mostly sand, having stronger absorbent able, and sometimes even a large percentage of phosphate of power. The best way, however, is to take care to empty all limo, and are sold at lower rates than either bone dust or beef barrels while the brine is sweet, and as soon as the meat superphosphate."

is used, thus saving a large amount of disagreeable labor.

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Notes from Correspondents and Exchanges. A.

The Royal Irish Society.—The coming Exhibition of the Royal Agricultural Improvement Society of Ireland, is to be held at Cork, July 25th. The following paragraph in the Irish Farmer's Gazette of a recent date, has accidentally escaped earlier notice :

*** We take the opportunity of reminding those of our American friends who may be desirous of procuring stock, that Cork is particularly convenient for them, Queenstown being how the point of depar. ture and arrival of a weekly line of steamers to and from America; and we hope that our excellent contemporary, the COUNTRY GENTLE. MAN, (Albany) and our other American exchanges, will bring this fact under the notice of their numerous readers."

It gives us pleasure to comply with this request ; and we may add that, judging from the columns of the Gazette, more interest than usual is taken in the show referred to.

THE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETIES OF MASSACHUSETTS. — W. LATHAB, Esq., of Bridgewater has been kind enough to transcribe for our columns the following list of the names and residences of the Secretaries of the Agri

cultural Societies in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, WASHING MACHINE.

for the year 1860—to which we add tlie time when each Messrs. Ens.-In the Annual Register for 1857, there is a will hold its next annual exhibition, so far as we have been Washing Machine which you recomend, and during last able to ascertain : year there was an inquiry made in the CountRY GENTLEMAN Massachusetts=Richard 8. Fay, Boston--no Exhibition, we believe. as to the best machine, and you refered him to the Register Vesex-Allen W. Dodge, Hamilton-Exhibition Sept. 25. for a description. I have that, but there is no mechanic in

Middlesex-Joseph Raynolds-Concord-Sept. 20.

Middlesex South-James W. Brown, Framingham-Sept. 18. this part of the country that can make a machine from that Middlesex North-George Stevens, Lowell--Sept. 13. description.

Worcester-Henry R. Keith, Grafton-Oct. 2.

Worcester West-Charles Brimblecom, Barre-Sept. 27. Having recently had a number of inquiries similar to the Worcester North-Wm, G. Wyman, Fitchbu! K-sept. 25. a

H. , Sturbridge-Oct. .
above, we copy the figure of the washing machine alluded to, Hampshire, Franklin and Hampden-H. K. Starkweather, North-
and give the measurements of the different parts, which will Hampshire-Lucius N. Boltwood, Amherst-Oct. 11.

ampton-Oct. 4.
probably enable any mechanic of fair abilities to make one. Hampden-J. N. Bagg, West Springfield--Sept. 20.

Hampden East-George Robinson, Palmer-Sept. 18.
The trough or box for holding the water should be made of Franklin-James S. Grennell, Greenfield-Sept, 27.
clear inch and a quarter plank, and be secured very strongly at Berkshire - Thomas Colt, Pittsfield- Sept. 27 or Oct. .

-Samuel Great Barrington-. 26. the corners, so as not only to be water-tight, but to withstand Norfolk-11. 0. Hildreth, Dedham-sept. 27.

Bristol-Lemuel T. Talbot, Taunton--Oct. 2.
the pressure of the board. It should be about 14 inches wide Plynouth-Williains Latham. Bridgewater-Oct. 4.
inside, 23 inches long, and 11 inches deep. The legs, to which Nantucket-James M. Bunker, Nantucket-Oct. 11.

Barnstable-S. B. Thinney, Barnstable-Oct. 9.
the corners in front are firmly nailed or screwed, (the end Martha's Vineyard Henry L.'Whiting, West Tisbury-Oct. 16.
pieces of the box projecting for this purpose as far as the thick- WESTERN N. Y. AG., HorticuLTURAL AND MECH'L
ness of the legs,) should be an inch and a half thick, 3 inches AssociatION.—The Directors of this new Association held
wido, and two feet long to the top. The standards for support- their first meeting at Rochester, on the 26th ult., and or-
ing the swinging or perforated board, screwed to the outside ganized by electing P. Barry, President, and D. D. T.

The Secretary was instructed to proof the box, are strips one inch thick, and three or four inches cure and open books for obtaining subscriptions to the

Moore, Secretary. wide ; they have a notch at the top for the pivot of the swing stock of the Association, and a committee was appointed board to turn in-they rise two feet above the top of the box. to solicit subscriptions. We learn from the Rural NewThe handle A, and the thrusting bar C, attached to it by the Yorker that the proceedings throughout were “quite barstrong joint D, are both of cast-iron-the handle is 18 inches monious.” 'long, and the joint D is 3 inches from the end B. The bar NEVER MISSES.—I have been a subscriber to your old C is 10 inches long. The perforated board, a small portion of

“Genesee Farmer," "The Cultivator," and "The Country which is shown in the cut, just swings freely inside the box, Gentleman,” more than twenty years; of the latter I have

not missed a number. On account of the “hard times" or within half an inch of the bottom, Now, by working the handle A backwards and fowards, the connecting bar C thrust come to the conclusion that I cannot afford to cut such an

I have thought seriously of discontinuing it, but I have the swing board against the back side of the box, pressing old and valued acquaintance. A. K. Whitewater, Wisc. with great force the clothes placed there. The clothes are

Reruse Tan. A correspondent of the North British placed only on this side of the swing board, and not on both Agriculturist writes to enquire the value of refuse tan as sides. When the handle is drawn back towards the operator, a manure, as he can obtain it at a small cost in large quanthere is space of about 8 inches for the clothes ; when full tities, to which that paper replies, "refuse tan is of little pressure is given, this epace is reduced to three or four inches, value as á manure. You should obtain it for carting away. and the quantity of clothes should be just sufficient to fill it Used as a litter it will absorb liquid manure. The soils to The bottom of the swing board has a sloping projection or apply it to are tenacious soils, such as cold clays." ledge running its whole length, and wide enough to touch

SPRING WHEAT.I see that some of your corresponthe back of the box, when pressed against it, to prevent the dents think wheat is a hard crop to raise, but I disagree clothes from working under it. The bar C is notched so as to with them. The past season I sowed sour busliels of China regulate this space--and these notches, which are large and wheat on two acres of ground, and harvested 65 bushels strong, fit a very stout iron projection at the top of tho swing from the same. The above crop was raised without maboard, screwed on firmly, and secured by clasping the top of nure of any kind. "If any of your subscribers can beat the swing board.

that, I'll try again. E, B. Butternuts. The patterns for the cast-iron handle and var, being simple,

Large Ear or CORN.-H. Keller of Wrightsville, does could be easily made. It seems strange thać this simple, efficient, and valuable machine should not be found nnywhere not come up to the ear of corn I had in Frederick, grown in market

. The one which we have now used for inany years by David Kemp, (one of your subscribers,) in the year was made by a mechanic of small business, who has since 1837. It contained 1812 grains. I could never get its given it up-the cost about six dollars. It is easily worked equal, though I gave a reward of $5 for the largest ear, by a boy ten years old.

Ротопа, ма.


W, C. H.

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be no great task to exterminate them. Clean culture The growing of white beans as a general farm crop, will should be the rule with this crop--and especially so if we no doubt receive a renewed impetus from the success of grow it, instead of summer fallowing preparatory to a experiments in feeding them to farm stock the past win. wheat crop. The growth and yield of the beans will be ter. It has been found that they are of high value for much lessened by a weedy state of the soil, and their even sheep, fed whole and raw, and when mixed with other ripening hindered. grains and ground, make meal or provender, readily eaten

Though they may not bring as high a price in market as by cattle, bogs and horses, and that of the most nutritious some other kinds, the small or "medium beans" are found kind. Poultry can also be fed upon them, if first cooked, the most profitable on several accounts. They yield well, and we have seen them eaten raw by hens. Of their cui- ripen early and evenly--both important considerationsnary uses we need scarcely speak--they have long been and are more easily cured and fitted for market, than the known and prized by the human race as a hearty and nour- larger and later varieties. Their ralue for feeding purishing vegetable food.

poses, is no doubt fully equal to that of any other. Belonging to that class of plants which draw lightly

Another inducement to attention to this crop, to woolupon the soil, and being planted in rows, so as to admit of growing farmers, is the value of the stalks or straw for the use of the lorse-cultivator and clean culture, they may

fodder. We have frequently referred to its use when profitably take the place of the summer fallow before speaking of winter forage for these animals. The subject wheat and other autumn crops.

And if fed out upon the of harvesting may be left until a more seasonable period. farm, their culture will constantly enhance the fertility of

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) the same. We have that faith in these statements that

TURNING STOCK TO GRASS EARLY. leads us to put them into practice, and in resuming wheat culture, shall grow beans as a fallow crop, and for feeding Messrs. Editors- If I rightly apprehend the spirit of sheep and cows, for which we have already employed them your valuable paper, it is open to the discussion of agrito a considerable extent, and with very satisfactory results.

cultural matters and the experiments and experiences of Beans do well on any dry mellow soil, if we except in their results. Now your issue of March 1st, contained

agriculturists generally, however widely they may differ muck, but are best suited with the best corn soils, mode- an article from the pen of Mr. Emerson of Hollis, Mass.,,, rately fertile, but not directly manured. A clayey loam under the above caption. Mr. JOHNSTON, near Geneva, will grow good beans--even a clay soil, thoroughly drain- replies, and denounces the views expressed in that article; ed, will do so. We may safely say, that on any soil suffi

but I for one am inclined to believe that the article of ciently warm and deep to produce wheat, we may grow reasons: The Hon. Azor B. CRANE of this place, bought

Emerson is justly entitled to some credit for the following beans profitably as a fallow crop.

fourteen farrow cows April 23, 1857-turned seven of After the other spring crops are sown, and the corn them to grass that day—hired the others kept three weeks planted, getting in the bean crop fills up the few weeks on good hay-then turned them with the first named seven which intervene before "hoeing and baying." Turning head more than the others brought two months later-ihe

to grass. The first seven sold, before July 15, for $5 per under a clover sod or any loam land greensward with a late ones selling for less per lb. for not being fit for the flat furrow, and then barrowing thorouglıly, so as to get a butcher sooner. mellow soil, we would be ready to plant about the first of Next, two stcers, turned to grass April 20, 1858, (by June. This can be done with a common seed-drill, ar- the same gentleman,) had no hay or grain after-weight ranged so as to drop single beans two inches apart, and Ibs. liveweight. They had run in a range with thirty others.

about 2,000 lbs.-killed in August—had gained over 500 two and a half feet distant in the rows. They are more June 16, 1858, turned in the same range twenty-three conveniently hoed, as well as pulled, if planted in hills, steers—had been kept on bay to that time nearly-were the same distance apart in the rows, and from fourteen to in much the same condition as the two before namedcighteen inches distant in the drills, according to the weight 950 lbs. each, or a fraction over. Run till Nov. 1strength of the land and the babit of the variety planted. weighed in like condition on same scales—had gained 298

lbs. per head. I can give you other experiments if called For hill planting, we first mark out the drills with a marker, for. making three or four rows at once, two and a half feet Now for opinions. While driving last named lot to be apart, and then plant across these with a hand-planter weighed, we met a cattle-man of great experience in catputting from four to six beans in the hill. It is sometimes tle-keeping, who was raised in our town, and has grown necessary in using these planters to go over the ground old and rich in the business, and on being asked how much with hoes, so as to make sure work of every hill—some best of the season is gone."

they would gain by Nov. 1, replied—"Not much; the

After the last weighing, I always failing get covered with mellow earth.

asked another gentleman, similarly situated, how much On such land weeds are seldom troublesome--if any steers should gain in one grass season, He said 500 lbs. should appear, as soon as the beans got three or four rough But on being told they were turned out so late, he said

I told him 298. They should have gaincd more, said he. leaves, we would on a dry day turn in a lock of sheep. cattle must go to grass early to gain well. And that kind They must not be too hungry when they come in, or re. of sentiment prevails in this county among men who make main after their work is done, or they may injure the beans. money by fatting cattle. Then, when the plants were six inches high, the passage of sheep we keep but few-all ewes-and endeavor to through the rows of a horse-hoe, set so as to throw a light get their lambs to market by July 15, at from $4 to $6 furrow of soil toward the beans, would finish the culture, time. The custoin is to turn them to grass day times as

per head, and often let the ewes go to market at the same for they would by that time branch out so as cover the soon as it appears--generally early in April. I have often ground. It should be remembered that beans will not bought store ewes near Mr. Johnston's in the fall, that bear working while wet; the earth falling on the wet looked as if they bad been turned to grass late the spring leaves, rusts them, and injures their growth. On foul land before, together with her lamb, for $1 each--brought them

home and sold their lambs next June from $4 to $5,50 the horse-hoe should be used early, as soon as the weeds per head, the ewes being worth vearly as much-fed no appear, and frequently, as fast as they grow up, and it will grain except in March when the ewes were coming in, and


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always let them to grass as soon as it appears. I can par- from the line along the top. But they do not take so tiçularize if called for.

much luniber, auger work, stone picking and sweat, as Mr. Johnston has farmed long-has been observing, and that other fence. Geo. W. ĠAGE. Canandaigua, Apr. 18. has, I doubt not, arrived at 'mang correct conclusions pertaining to farming in his locality. He considers under

[For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) draining as the one thing needful, Well, it may be for

OATS ---IMPORTED SEED. him. I should underdrain, or keep my cattle confined until June, if experience should prove either or both ad- Eps. Co. Gent.-Seeing recently in the Co. Gent., an visable; and for those who are situated on the slope of inquiry whether the sowing of the heavier varieties of oats high clay ridges, where all the water that accumulates from England, was attended in this country with advanabove must pass down over the surface, underdraining is tageous results, I will state that several years ago, another not only proper but necessary; and to turn stock to grass gentleman and myself imported from Liverpool a lot of on such land early, would be the height of folly. But the Potato oats, a very fine article, weighing 42 lbs. to the wbere land is sufficiently uneven in surface to give free bushel—wliich we sowed. The resultant crop was also circulation to water, with a porous subsoil—where the soil beavy, and a handsome sample; though I cannot state is fit for the plow in spring when the frost is gone, under- with certainty the weight, it was over 35 lbs., and I think draining seenis unnecessary; and where, from being used as it was 87. It continued to diminish in weight with each a cattle range for years, many parts get so rich that the grass successive sowing for three years, till it reached my mini-. falls down and rots, if not eaten early; and where are mum standard for seed, twenty-nine pounds, when I again some swaley parts, (too rocky to underdrain,) the grass of changed for the Black oats grown on Prince Edward's Islwhich is eagerly devoured if cattle have access to it early, and, whence I' generally renew my seed trienially. This if not eaten before better grasses get up, will be left, it also is over forty pounds in weight when well cleaned, and seems to nie, to turn out. I forgot to remark, cattle or the crop of last year from it weighed thirty-six pounds sheep are not apt to fatten fast either on the grass or hay when cleaned for market, and yielded on thirteen acres, of lands where underdrains are necessary every fifteen six hundred and fifty bushels, not lodging. Drill sown feet. B. T. CRANE. Putnam Co., N. Y.

oats are found to stand better with us than band sown and

barrowed, and the diiference is sometimes striking when 1

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) side by side. And in my turn, I also have a question or HOW TO BUILD BOARD FENCE. two to ask.

Does any one know anything about the growth and Messrs. EDITORS—One year ago this present week, babits of the Rape plant in this country; and whether it your paper contained the plan adopted by J. H. H., of would be a good thing to sow amongst corn at the last Seneca Co., in building board fence. His fence combines working, to afford fall or winter pasture for sheep, or to economy and endurance, but we venture to accept his turn in as a green crop in the spring ? Also, can the seed invitation to show a “better way," and shall give our be obtained here ? An article in reply to these queries, reasons.

would add to the value of your already inestimable col. We use split posts, from the fact that the same timber umns, and be thankfully read by your subscriber. will yield full one-third more in number than can be ob

SamL. P. Nicholson. tained by sawing. The ground is marked off for a four- Yardville, Bercer Co., N. J., 4th mo. 23. teen foot board; two lines are stretched, one several feet above the other; the posts are set by them, two and a half

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) feet deep, and well tamped level full. The butt ends down, are sufficiently lasting for an ordinary life-time, if

USE OF FLAX SHIVES. made of good white oak, while the pins and flat stones

Eps. Co. Gent.-In answer to your correspondent in used by your correspondent to keep them in the ground, regard to flax shives as a manure, I would simply state my are superfluous.

experience with them. On dry soils I have found very Then for the boards; we take good hemlock, full one little or any benefit from their application. It takes a inch thick, and just six inches wide and no wider, and long time for them to decay, and they are very much in begin to build. The upper board is placed four feet above the way in cultivation of crops. the uniform surface of the ground, true and even throughout the whole length. Then mark off a space of eight from their use.

In moist and wet soils, I have seen a decided benefit

On a low land meadow in my neighborinches; begin on the second post, so as to break joints hood, where stood a flax-mill

, and where the slives had with the upper course; proceed as with the first. Then been profusely used, I observed a great increase in the again, leaving a space of six inches, begin on the first post crop of grass, and this continued for twenty-five years. again ; breaking joints with the preceding course, you may finish the third board. Once more, leave a space of four

Decidedly the best way to use them, is to bed down the inches, beginning on the second post and finish your fence. stock in the stables, and to spread them occasionally orer Then the last board is still six inches from the ground. the barn-yard. They absorb the liquid manure and soon Here is the place to anchor the fence. Take the oxen; decay; and then, like all vegetable matter, become valua

ble. they go closer to the boards than horses; take the plow and turn two good even furrows on each side of that fence. I have found the dry shives of very great benefit in You may then turn professor of the spading science and covering the grounds in the garden for raising vegetables, throw the outer furrow on the top of the inuer, till the when it is prepared for planting, and burning them. The dirt reaches the board, filling, heaping full, about each ash is of some value, and warming the surface a little post. That fence will not pull out with the frost. It more, but the great benefit is the destruction of a vast takes the action of frost on water to do that, but the water number of insects so destructive to vegetation, and the is in the ditch.

plants get large enough before others appear, to withstand How is the economy of all this? Breaking joints their attacks. I could not raise melons or vines of any strengthens the fence, while six inch boards excuse snow. kind, until I adopted this plan, and have for many years

Wm. NEWCOMB. drifts, escape high winds, and they save lumber. This been successful since I adopted it. plan puts just two feet of lumber in each line or foot of fence. Caps and battens are useless. The ditch protects PROLIFIC SHEEP.We have a flock of Sheep consisting it from animal assault and battery. It is high enough. of 1 ram, 8 ewes, and 16 lambs. There were nine ewcs, No beast can pass it without starting at least three feet but one, after having a pair of lambs, died, and also one from the boards, rising four feet high and going as far on lamb-the other was raised by land, making two lambs the other side to reach even ground. Fences made on for each ewe, as one ewe had one lamb only. This we this plan have stood here for five years past; they have consider a good turn-out. Can any of your reader's bcat not riseu one inch, nor are they in any place, three inches it? D. M. NESBIT.

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Cost of tools,..

до. manure,

20.00 30.00 10.60 20.00 60.00


70.00 10.00






EFFECTS OF CLIMATE ON FLOWERS. loss would be much greater than if the " driving" had been

done len days after the issue of the first swarm. Our climate is, in some respects, much inferior to that The practice of " driving" bees without transferring their of England for the cultivation of some flowers. The chan-combs should be strongly deprecated, unless the combs are ges of temperature here are more frequent, 'sudden, and mouldy, or the hire contains too large a proportion of " drone

comb," as the bees consume about 20 pounds of boney in proextreme, than there; our winters are more severe, our ducing one pound of new comb, besides the loss of time; summers hotter, and our atmosphere dryer. All these the fullacious potion that the size of the bee is reduced, if

bred in the same combs beyond a few years, cannot be too things are to our disadvantage in reference to the cultiva-soon removed. I know of one stock in wbich bees have been tion of many kinds of plants. For instance, the Pansey bred in the same combs for upwards of 20 years, and yet can never be grown in this country to equal, throughout their size is not perceptibly diminished.

Baltimore, May 10. the season, those grown in England, whose moist, equable climate is perfectly congenial to this beautiful flower, For

FARM ACCOUNTS. a month or two in the early spring, fine panseys may be obtained here; but as soon as the summer sun has arrived LUTHER Tocker & Son—The system of keeping "farm at its usual fervid heat, then the flowers begiir to dwindle, accounts” is so imperfectly understood, that I propose to in spite of all that can be done in the way of favorable illustrate it on my plan—say for a ten acre farm, as fol

lows: exposure or attentive nursing,


$1.000.00 The Daisy is another beautiful flower which will neither To 10 acres at $100, cost,..

stand the cold of our winters or the torrid heat of our
As with the Pansey, the flowers are compara-

draining tile,
30 days team work, at $2.


200 days common labor at 7 shillings, tively worthless after the cool spring monthis have passed.

Interest on purchase money.. The Auricula is a flower of great beauty, but difficult of

Paid taxes,.. cultivation with us on account of the great extremes of

Total, temperature. The Polyanthus, belonging to the same fam


$1.100.00 ily, (Primula or Primrose,) is much more hardy, and suc- By 10 acres increased in value to $110,.

400 bushels potatoes, at 3 shillings...
100 bushels corn, at 6 shillings......

75.00 cceds perfectly well in a shady location, with rich, moist

200 bushels oats, at 2 shillings,..

50.00 soil. The Dahlia is also much affected by our hot sunr

Vegetables used in family at cash price,
Value of tools on hand,..

10.00 mers, and does not sucgeed as well as in England.

$1,435.00 The Anemone and Ranunculus, bulbous or tuberous root

$40, which is profit. For the next

The differences Value of the land at the end of the ed plants, are rarely cultivated in this country with much A moist atmosphere seems to be absolutely first year, $1,100, add)

year begin with the

ing the tools, $10, and proceed as necessary to the perfection of these flowers.

ght it is entered at cost, and crebefore. If stock is bou

end of the year.

* Fulton." This list might be extended still farther, but it is not dited with its value at the necessary. It will be apparent that those plants which re


REMEDY FOR quire much moisture for their proper development, will never flourish as well here as in those countries where Messrs. Editors-I notic cracked hoofs in horses. I

e some of your correspondents showers are more frequent, the temperature more equable, making inquiries concerning ses, where the hoofs were and the summer heat less intense. But there are very cracked up to the hair

. They hoe made as follows:

have seen several very bad ca were cured in a short time, many plants which delight in our sunny climate, and in entirely sound, by the use of a Jade with two iron bands which we can therefore equal the productions of the flow Have a heavy common shoe i fficiently strong, welded rists of any country. On the whole, perhaps, our climate or strips, about one inch wide, su made to fit around the is as favorable as any for the culture of flowers. G. B. II. to the shoe, near the heel, and of meeting, with a hole

hoof in front, within an inch or two

gh, with a tap on one

in each strip for a bolt to pass throu ten the hoof by greas. (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) BEST TIME TO DRIVE BEES.

end. After putting on the shoe, son

en put in the bolt, and

ing-pour in a little turpentine; the turning the tap. Draw Messrs. Editors-In your issue of 10th May, Mr. M. M. draw the crack moderately tight by rack is closed, and you Baldridge, in his reply to the inquiry of B. B. B., in reference a little closer every day, until the ci The bands must to the best time for " driving bees," says: "If it must be will have a perfect cure in a short trends in front, for the done, the 21st or 220 day after the issue of the first swarm

is be turned up about an inch at the Highland Home. the best time to secure the least possible waste. By this bolt to pass through. 'J. W. D. time the eggs last deposited by the old queen have hatched," &c., and "there is no other period during the working senson


PROPER DEPTH OF PLAN of bees, when combs contain so little brood.” On this point I beg leave to differ with Mr. B., and as he writes intelli.

discussed before gently on the subject, I doubt not, upon further reflection or the Farmer's Club of the American Ins

MESSRS. EDITORS--This subject was titute. Mr. CARexamination, he will incline to my opinion. Having used the

iarters of an inch Langstroth movable comb hive for several years past, I have PENTER said that corn planted at three-qh

thes, nine days, had every opportunity for, and have taken much pleasure in, deep, came up in six days, and at two ind

re advscated ascertaining definitely the facts on this subject, and therefore and five inches seventeen daye. He therefo speak with some confidence. On examining a stock on the shallow planting. Now I think it would make the succeed.

e a material 7th inst., from which a swarm hnd issued within two hours difference as to the nature of the ground, and a be planted previous, I found the young queen not only "batched," bating weather. On dry sandy land, corn shoul able to fly briskly, and it seldom oecurs that she is later than much deeper than on heavy clay land. On

his kind of two days after the first swarm issues in emerging from her soil, if corn was planted two inches deep, and

blowed by cell. În my numerous experiments I have generally found wet and cold weather, much of it would neve

r come up: that the young queens commenced "laying between the

ch deep on 5th and 10th day after they were "hatched." Assuming then,

and if it was planted three-quarters of an in that she commences on the 10th day after, (at which period a dry loose soil, and followed by very dry weatha As to large portion of the brood of the old queen would be hatched,) not come up for lack of moisture, in some weeks.

inch at the end of the "21st or 220 dny," she will have her own the weather, this cannot be foreseen. I think one he brood and eggs, in a very large proportion of the cells, vaca- for wet heavy, and two inches for a loose dry soil, to ted by the batching of the brood of the old queen, and the proper depth J. W. LEQUEAR. Frenchtown, N. Y.


s, it would

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