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(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) PEAS BEANS AND MANGOLDS.
much more to the acre. Mangolds have several other ad
vantages, as in consequence of a quicker growth when Messrs. EDITORS—Noticing a call for the experience of small, and a greater distance apart in the rows, it is not fariners in raising peas, beans, and mangolds, I have con
near the work to weed them that it is to weed carrots ; cluded to say a few words in relation to the cultivation of and as they are not troubled by the fly or any other insect, these crops. Although it may not be advisable as a gene there is much less difficulty in getting a good stand of ral rule, to substitute the cultivation of peas or beans in plants than there is with the turnip or rutabaga. the place of other and more standard crops, yet there are
I have found it a very good way to plant my mangold many circumstances in which they may be grown to good seed. I use the same planting bag, used to plant corn advantage. As where corn has failed to make a good out of, Plant the rows about two feet apart, the bills a stand in consequence of worms, grubs, or seed rotting in foot apart in the rowe, two or three seeds in the bill. the ground, or late spring frost. There were thousands, This saves a good deal of work in weeding, and thinning and probably hundreds of thousands of acres of corn,
out. And I have never had any difficulty in getting a that were cut down by the great June frost last year, that good stand of plants in this way. might have been sown in peas, or planted to beans, to
Mangolds, as well as all other roots, should be well hoed good advantage. Also where, for any other reason, other as soon as the rough leaf appears. Then the weeding can spring crops cannot be put in in season to do well, peas all be done with a good square cornered boe, witli less or beans may be substituted to good advantage. It being than half the work that it will cost if they are neglected one of the principal advantages of raising these crops, until the weeds get the start of the crop, and liave to be that they can be put in any time the fore part of June, pulled by hand. The reason so many farmers think that with a reasonable prospect of a fair crop.
roots don't pay, is that the first hoeing is neglceted until A neighbor raised an excellent crop of peas last year, the weeds, get several inches bigh. Then they go through that were sown about the middle of June. The soil on them on their knees, and pull the most of the weeds by which they were grown,
of a character varying from band, which is a very slow back-breaking operation. Nor a sandy loam to a stiff clay—the peas doing eqnally well is the great amount of labor then required the only trouble. on all parts of the lot, of which there was some sixteen The growth of the crop is not only badly checked, but acres. The land was fall-powed, and put in a fine condi- pulling a thick mat of strongly rooted weeds, that bave tion for the seed immediately before sowing, by the tho- grown close to the tender young plant, will loosen its hold rough use of the harrow, gang-plow, and roller. No ma- of the soil materially, and result in great damage to the núre was applied to the crop---the soil in what may be crop, is it is not entirely ruined. called a fair but not high state of cultivatior.. The yield
So much depends on thorough and seasonable hoeing, estimated at over thirty-five bushels per acre. Another that where it is well attended to, and the land rich and in thing worth noticing in regard to this crop, is that it was good order, mangolds, as well as other roots, are very cut before it was dead ripe, and the straw made very good profitable. While, although everything else may be favorafodder, especially for sheep, and was all used to good ad-ble, if they are badly neglected, they may result in an vąutage.
actual loss to the owner. Orleans Co., N. Y.
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) undoubtedly would be profitable for farmers that keep a
LICE ON CATTLE.
I have used various remedies for destroying this "hor. be very good economy for every farmer to sow a few rid plague;" but have found none that will accomplish it bushels of peas for seed, late enough in the season to so neatly, expeditiously, and effectually as alcohol. If C. raise seed clear from bugs; and thus always have seed on H. M. will procure a couple of quarts, (costing about 30 hand, when he wishes to sow peas where some other crop cents,) and thoroughly wet the affected parts with it, rehas failed.
peating the operation in about two weeks, (if necessary,) As to which is the best crop to raise, much depends on I will warrant a perfect cure for his “half a dozen head circumstances. On strong rich loams and clay soils, peas
of calves." would do the best. On lighter and poorer land, it would
I bave tried this remedy repeatedly, and never knew it be best to plant beans. Beans would also be best for a
to fail. It is attended with no injury to the cattle. I market crop
But to raise to feed, I should prefer peas, prefer a rainy day for the operation, for the reason that as being easier to raise and take care of, and likely to pro- the hair being partially wet, will not absorb so much of duce the most to the acre.
the alcohol-allowing it to spread over a larger surface. According to my own experience, which has extended They should not be too wet however, else the alcohol will through several years, though not on a very large scale, become too much diluted to kill the “ varmints.” peas are altogether the most profitable crop to raise, gen.
I would advise C. H. M. to do the job himself, or overerally producing more bushels to the acre, and at a much see it. If his “Pat” is like mine, he will be too apt to less cost for cultivation. I have made a practice for sev
“make way” with the alcohol, and rub the calves with eral years of sowing a small piece of peas about the first the empty bottle. week in June; and have never failed to raise fair crops
All who try the above remedy, either on their own that were entirely free from bugs. And for the future heads or on their cattle, are requested to report " through never mean to be without good seed peas and beans, so that The CULTIVATOR and Country GENTLEMAN, for the benefit when corn, or any other crop. is likely to fail, they will be of the whole world and the “rest of mankind." ready to sow or plant in its place.
Hebron, N. Y. MANGOLDS.-For some years I have been satisfied that raising roots was a paying institution. And for the last Take white oak bark and boil it-take the liquid and ten years have not been without a “patch” of carrots, wash the animals around the neck and over their backs. mangolds, or turnips; the most of the time having all I know it to be a sure remedy. Water lime is good, three. Although as a general thing I bave raised the most Plaster is good, but the bark is the surest. of and given the preference to carrots-principally because I have used them to feed milch cows and horses, and be. C. H. M. inquires for the best mode of destroying lice cause my land, being a light, sandy loam, is well adapted upon calves. Feed them fine salt and sulphur, about one to the carrot. I have also raised mangolds to very good part sulphur, and two parts fine salt, when the weather is advantage, and think they are better suited to all kinds of is not too severe. If very cold, do not let them be too soils, and can be raised at a less cost per bushel than any much exposed. Sulphur and salt, once in two or three other kind of roots. But where roots have to be raised on days, with an application of oil to the parts most troubled clay soils, I think mangolds have a decided advantage over with the vermin, and you may be assured they will leave all other kinds, being a much surer crop, and yielding for a more congenial clime.
d before Vr. Cir of an int
K, L. C.
J. M, A.
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.]
out to pasture and she soon grew better, and in a short ASHES AS A MANURE.
time was entirely free from lameness, and has been ever
since. She is now coming three years old, and has as Eps. Co. GENT.—The value of ashes in an agricultural sound feet as any colt, though there are some bunches to point of view, is, we fear, far from being sufficiently appre. be seen yet, but I think in two years more they will enciated by farmers. Many are in the habit of selling them, tirely disappear. P. North Bridgewater. at from eight to twelve cents a bushel, when they might get a much higher price in the increased product, if they
[For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.] applied them as a manure to their crops. We will mention some of the results from their use occurring in our
UNLOADING HAY. experience, in which we have always found them of mate
Messrs. EDITORS-I noticed a call last summer for a rial benefit on all dry soils.
contrivance to take a load of hay from the cart all at once, Some years since we applied ashes, at the rate of forty and dump it in the mow, and I have watched the agriculbushels per acre, to a gravelly loam soil
, in grass at the tural papers to see the plan come out, but as none has aptime, to the very manifest improvement of the product, peared that I have seen, I will venture to suggest one for This ground was plowed up the next spring for corn and the benefit of all
, if it should prove a benefit. potatoes, as well as some joining to which our ashes were
My plan is, to liave two or more endless ropes spread on applied, and the benefit of the application was plainly the cart rigging, and load on them, and when in the barn, seen, in about double the product of the ashed over the bring the ropes together on the top, on a strong doublé unashed portion. The potato vines withstood the severe hook made fast to å stout rope; this rope may run through drouth of that year perfectly, and gave excellent fair po- tackles, with a horse outside, similar to the plan of unloadtatoes, and the corn was equally benefitted.
The effect of the application of ashes in quantity is felt ing with a horse fork, while a man with a guy-rope over a for several years. In this as in all our other trials, the Then let down and unhook the ropes on one side, and pull
pulley, back side of the mow, can direct it where he chooses, product showed plainly the extent of the plot covered them out with the same power that hoisted it
. with ashes for several years. The same fact may be noticed of the burning of heaps of logs and brush-the wheel, similar to what merchants use for hoisting hogs
Another way, to hoist without the horse, is to have a ground covered by them retains its fertility for a long leads of molasses and other merchandize, hung in the ridge time.
of the barn, and operated in the saine way, with guy-rope As a top-dressing for corn, we apply two or three table, as in the other plan. Where a barn is built with the floor spoonfuls to the hill just before hoeing the first time, and
on one side the barn, with short middle beams, the wheel find it profitable. We have noticed again and again, a sufficient improvement to pay for the labor at a dollar a power on the guy-rope. Now, brother farmers, if you
can be hung partly over the mow, so that it will need less day, and double price for the ashes, and believe that they think of a better plan for unloading hay, please let us hear hasten the maturity and thus increase the certainty and it; don't run away to Washington after a patent first. amount of the crop. Two years ago we gave a dressing
L. F. Scort, of thirty bushels per acre to a part of our cornfield, harrowing the ashes in just before planting; and had then
(For the Cultivator and Country Gentleman.) the largest corn, and the next year the best barley, and now the best wheat of any portion of the lot, the whole
AGRICULTURAL PAPERS. being otherwise treated alike for each crop. We have applied them in the same way to barley with equal good that the Co. Gent. is a “paying institution," (I mean to
Messrs. Editors—I often see from your correspondents result.
For composting with muck, ashes are of much value- those who take it.) There is no doubt of it, for I do not nearly equal to lime, bushel for bushel, to hasten the de. believe that any one can read it attentively, from week to composition of vegetable matter and fit it to benefit the week, without being made wiser—especially farmers, in soil. Also in garden culture and for orchard trees, ashes regard to their calling. Even Slipshod would find it diffiprove profitable, and we hope every farmer will give them cult to pursue bis slovenly course after taking the Gent. à fair trial before he allows them to be sold off the farm. He would see such a contrast between neatness and thrift
, Other manures should be used, and used freely; but ashes as advocated in the said paper, and his practice that the will assist in bringing their virtues into the state most reading of it would be like an application of hot blankets available to the crop, as well as having an ameliorating -keeping him in a sweat, I imagine, until his system (of mechanical effect upon the soil.
farming) became cleansed from many of its impurities, and
to get this class of men to take and read an agricultural
paper-the very ones that need it most. MORE ABOUT RINGBONE.
I became almost eloquent the other day in trying to per
suade an individual to take an agricultural paper, but I Ens. Country GENTLEMAN-I noticed in a late number, found my arguments were not appreciated--about all the an inquiry for the cure of what is called a ringbone, from reason assigned for a refusal was "weak eyes" and a a correspondent who had a fine mare troubled with one want of time to read.” Thinks I to myself the weak spot for something over a year, and the answer was that there is just above the "eyes," and as to the want of time—why, was no cure for a confirmed ringbone.
that is the result of the weakness, and a lack of a more Now two years ago this winter, I had a fine colt that systematical way of doing things. I should consider my. had a ringbone on each of its hind feet, and was so lame self in a “bad way” if I could not find time to read the some of the time that I could hardly get it out and in the Gent, and one or two other papers of the kind-notwithstable. I did not do anything for it till spring, and they standing I perform more than balf the labor upon à fifty got so bad that the colt had to walk upon its heels with its acre farm, and intend to have the work done in a “gentle. feet turned up, and I supposed that she was almost worth. man " like manner--all devoted to tillage and meadows. less. Finally one of my neighbors told me that he had a I prize your paper highly, as it is a weekly visitor--filled remedy for a bone spavin, and it was said to be a sure cure with valuable reading-just such information as every for ringbone, and wished me to try it. It was this: Take farmer needs--a month is too long an interval—a weekly common salt and pound or grind it as fine as you can pos- often gives a hint just in the nick of time. My way is to sibly get it, and mix it with spirits of turpentine enough begin at the beginning, and read it through, noting such to make it something like paste, and rub it on the ring things as are adapted to my circumstances and wants, that bones (or spavin) once in two or three days, for three or “stand to reason." By pursuing this course, I think your four times, and if they have not been of too long standing, present readers, and many who are not, would be greatly I think you will effect a sure cure. This colt of mine had but benefitted by the Country GENTLEMAN, three applications of this medicine, and I then turned her Jefferson Co., N. Y.
J, L. R.
Yuquiries and Answers. surface of the soil in the day time. They commit their dep
like the wire worm, repelled by fresh
It was formerDestroying CANADA Thistles.-Will you or some of your la notion that when one of them was cut in two with a boe, subscribers, inform me how to kill Canada thistles. The seed each end grew, and made thus two worms-about as likely as was sown in a yard of about fifty feet square for clover seed, that a pig's tail cut off will grow and make a second pig. and as there is no thistles here of the kind, we wish to pre. There are three remedies, all of which may be combined. As vent their spreading further. The yard is a perfect mat of they eat off but a single corn plant at a time, plant a double thistles. Any information whereby we may dispose of them, quantity of seed, according to the old rulewill be thankfully received. C. T. SAMSON. Jones Co, Iowa. ." One for the blackbird, and one for the crow, (Canada thistles are very easily destroyed, by observing one And two for the cut worm, and four for to grow." simple requisite, namely, to prevent their growing above Next, employ a few active boys to pass every morning along ground, or in other words' not to allow them to breathe. If the rows, and whenever they see a plant teginning to wither, they are cut off with a hoe the very moment they appear at dig for and easily find the depredator-or offer them so much the surface of the ground, the roots will in a few months die. por dozen or bundred for all they can find and bring in a tin But if they are allowed to rise a few inches above the surface pail. A third remedy is to take a dibber, for sharp iron tool each time before cutting off, they will not be destroyed, the an inch or 'two in diameter,) and make a smooth hole beside temporary supply tbus furnished by the young leaves keeping each hill. ?The worms will fall in and cannot get out. the roots alive. A small patch may be smothered in one senson We know of no remedy for the white grub but to employ with a layer of boards, covering the joints closely with a boys as mentioned above. is! for second layer. The best and cheapest way on a large scale, is Broom CORN– Have you a work on the culture and gathersuccessive deep p!owings, the first early in summer or about ing or harvesting of broom corn? What is the present price the time they appear in blossom, and the rest about once in per ton and the best market to buy it? I do not see the three or four weeks, or as soon as the young plants begin to price quoted in any newspaper, or in the " Country Gentle. peep. The plowing must be very thorough and perfect, and man.". I see an account of a large yield of brooni corn on not leave any strngylers, and the erop will be completely kill. page 240. vf, vol. 14, in the Co. Gent., this is all I can find in ed in one year. This mode succeeds best on heavy soilson relation to the above. J. N. y. Two Rivers, Wis. [There light or porous ones, the plowing must be more frequent and is no book issued on this subject, as we are aware, but our more thorough and perfect. On a small scale, when the correspondent will find some potes upon it in another column, plow cannot be used, the same result may be obtained by in answer to another inquirer. successive spadings; but in a dcor yard, which cannot be spad. ed, an upremitting use of the hoe wiil do the work effoctual. ions and experience of the farmers in the western states, in
MOLE Plows.-An lowa correspondent wishes the opin ly:)
relation to the use of mole plows for draining, and we shall SEEDING TO Grass. I have a meadow lot that I wish to be pleased to hear from any of our readers on the subject. seed down. I have had orn on it two years. Last fall I
BEANS.-Will you or some of your correspondents, inform commenced, and this spring finished thoroughly underdrain
me what variety of bean is the most profitable to raise for ing it with tile. I have now put in oats--would you in the market-whether a tolerably strong limestone soil would be fail put in rye and timothy, and clover next spring ? or rye adapted to its cultore--when they sh uld be planted--and this fall, and timothy next full
, ('61,) and clover the follow- how? 0. N. v. Dover, Ky. There are several varieties of iug upring, ('62,) or leave out the rye altogether? An answer the white bean, differently known in various neighborhoods, will much oblige R. New Jersey. (The modo of seed- that have been found profitable for field culture--but we are ing must vary with wants and circumstances. Should the unable to say which is best, or to give the several names. ground be quite moist at the close of summer, it may be at Different sorts have proved favorites in their respective localonce seeded to timothy alone, brushing it in, and a good crop ities. Sufficient attention appears not to have been given to the will be produced next year. If clover is a principal object, improvement of varieties for farm crops. The value of benn the operation may be left till early spring, and the clover and meal for milch cows in winter, is such as to commend their timothy alone sown and brushed or rolled in. If a crop of cultivation, even if there should be no other market for them.) grain is a prominent object, sced as usual with the grain, in which case the crop of grass will not be afforded until 1862.
CLOVER.-Last summer there was a little parch of strange We think the practice will yet be more generally adopted of looking clover, started up on our farm. It resembles the seeding down without any grain or other crop at the time, ordinary red clover, except that it grows taller, is earlier, where good, thorough and clean farming prevails. The only and has an entire different blossom, which is of a deep pur advantage of seeding with a grain crop is the saving of one ple color, and much larger than the ordinary clover blossom. plowing, wbile it has several disadvantages.)
Is this the "pea-vine clover," that I see advertised in your
columns ? The seed is uniformly a deep yellow, and someAsnes as MANURE.— There are large quantities of leach, what larger than the common red clover seed. Perhaps we ed ashes shipped from this quarter-they have not been used are behind the age in this section. A word from yourselves for manure about bere-please post us up on the subject, and or correspondents may enlighten us. 7. G. D. Berks Co., Pa. oblige the readers of the Cultivator in Rouse's Point. N. Y. [Ashes, whether leached or unleached, bave generally
“BEER Corn."-Enclosed I send you a sample of what is proved beneficial, if applied at the rate of a hundred bushels here called " Beer Corn," said to have been found in a spring or go por acre ; in some instances the benefit has been eminent in the Rocky Mountains. This remarkable substance, when and striking-in others more moderate, and in a few imper- put into sweetened water, soon acts as a ferment, and produceptible. Experiment is needed in each locality to determine ces a kind of beer. Any explanation in regard to its history the amount of the benefit. We would by all means recom
or the rationale of its operation, would be doubtless acceptamend our readers at Rouse's Point to keep and apply their ble to the readers of the "Country Gentleman.” J. v. ashes, and measure its results. ]
Henderson, N. C. (We have no knowledge whatever in EGYPTIAN CORN.- Please inform me whether you have any
relation to the substance enclosed to us.) knowledge of this corn, or the person who advertises it. I
Esalisa Yew.-Have the English yew trees ever been have sometimes sent money to such advertisements, and re- grown in this country? Where can they be procured? ceived neither seed nor answer. If you know the article to The English yew has been considerably cultivated in this be genuine you may send ino one dollar worth, and I will country, and generally proves bardy, though sometimes å remit you the money as you direct. MR. Montgomery
little bruised by sharp winters. It does best in the shade.
It may be had of all the principal nurserymen who deal in Co., Pe. (We have no personal knowledge whatever in relation to this " Egyptian Corn,” and as we keep no seeds of ornamentals.] any kind for sale we could not in any event comply with our
Morgan Horses. Will you, or some of your subscribers, correspondent's request to send him "one dollar's worth."') inform me, through The CULTIVATOR, which was the best
GRUBS AND CUT Worms.--I am now busily ongngod plow- horse, in reference to speed and action combined with usefuling my ground for corn, and find it thickly infested with both ness, that was ever got by the original Justin Morgan horse, black and white grubs, and knowing no remely by which I and whether he had any Canadian blood about him. J. u. a. can extirpato them, it induces me to seek through the medi-Sand Brook, N. J... We must leave the first question for um of the Co Gentleman a remedy for their destruction which others to answer. The old Justin Morgan horse had no Canawill not injure my corn.
G. W. H. Esopus, N. Y. (We dian blood in him.] suppose the black grub here spoken of, is the dark, dull col- RICE Mlal.- Can you not induce some of your crrresponored worm often called the cut worm, which cuts off small dents to communicate through the columns of Co. Gent., plants of the corn in the night, and conceals itself under the | (which should be a "vade mecum" with all farmers and
H. P. N.
owners or lovers of farms, gardens, stock, &c,) their experi-State, kill, cage or trap any nightingnle, nighthawk, blue ence in the feeding of rice weal? There has been considera- bird, yellow bird, Baltimore oriole, finch, thrush, lark, spår: ble of it sold here during the past two years, and I should row, wren, mar in, swallow, or any bird of the species of like to know from those who have tested it, the relative value woodpecker or other harmless bird ; nor shall any person or of it when compared with oi) meat, cotton seed meal, or corn persons kill, cage or trap any bobolir.k or robin, between the mcal. I have used several hundred weight- find cattle and first day of February and the first day of October, in each pigs very fond of it, but have not had any tests made of it. year, under a fine of fifty cents for each bird so killed, caged Perhaps some southern friend will favor us with particulars. or trapped.”] J. H. New York. (We hope some of our readers may be Red Cedar IIEDGES.-Why would not "red cedar” mako able to answer the above.]
a good hedge ? Have any of your readers tried it ? D. M N. MOWER AND REAPER.-I have twenty-five acres of fresh (We have seen some dense natural plantations of red cedar, grass, and thirty of rye at home, and upon another place that appeared nearly impenetrable, but most of the sheared on the shore some fifteen acres of wheat and rye, and any hedges become open at bottom and do not succeed well. quantity of salt meadow, that I please to mow, Now what I There are, however, occasional exceptions.) desire to know is, what kind of a combined reaper and mower WORKING MARES WITH FOAL-Should mares be worked shall I get to do all this work to the best advantage? I have when with foal ? D. X. N. (Moderate or light work does been pleased with the Buckeye; but who has tried it on salt well, but when severe it is injurious and sometimes fatal.] meadows, and will it work with an ox team as well as horses ? LINE.— I8 lime better to be applied in the fall or spring? Please reply through The Cultivator. E. O. 5th mo. 2, '60. D. Y. N. (It is not impertant, provided it is finely powdered,
INQUIRY.Please to inform mo what Nasturtium is, and so as to be evenly spread and diffused. Autumn application how it is used. A READER. (Nasturtium is the botanic favors its more thorough diffusion through the soil, by the name of a cruciferous plant, known by the English name of time spring crops are sown, and is thus a gain in time.] water cress. With a slight change or Anglicism, the name CHESTNUT AND HEMLOCK Boards.- Which will last best, is also applied more comumonly to the Tropeolum, sometimes chostnut or hemlock boards ? 'D. H. N. (Chestnut is the more called Indian cress, often cultivated in gardens as an orna- durable; and many times more so where the boards are submental plan:, but more frequently for its young fruit, used as ject to the action of soil and air, as near the surface of the a substitute for capers in pickling.
ground.) COLORING BLACK.- I would like to inquire if the recipe SPREADING LIME.- Do you know of any machine that can for making black ink, given lately in the Cultivator, would be depended upon to spread any desirable quantity of lime make good coloring for cloth, and whether it would be inju- to the acre. D. M. n. (The broadcast sowing machines will rious to the cloth, &c. D. B. ROYE. (We are unable to spread pulverized lime, but we are unable at present to say answer this question]
how much is the largest quantity per acre-probably not in Stoppage of Milk.- I have a cow, which has a stoppage sufficient quantity to prove advantageous.) in one of her teats up next to the udder. Is there any remedy ALDERNEYS.-A. R. C. We believe that strictly speaking, for it? Some say, keep milking it, and all will be right in the channel island cattle are more correctly termed Jerscys, time. I have tried it and it is useless. I have never known although usage with us predominates somewbat to tho other, an instance but what that part of the udder failed eventually. and even in some parts of Britain more common, designation. Bulternuts.
F. You will find an admirable articlo on Draiving, toSPANISH CAESTNUT.-I would like to ascertain through the gether with precisely the inforination for which you inquiro redium of The CULTIVATOR, if the European chestnut can on the subject of Fruits, in Volume Two of Rural Affairs, be cultivated to advantage in our climate. N. 4. P. (The which we send post paid for $1. It contains 450 engravings. Spanish chestnut, the most approved of the European sorts, being much larger than our common chestnut, does well in
GREEN CROPS.- Please give your opinion respecting the the uniddle States, but is slightly tender at the north, where
use of green manure on grass land.
Iowa. (Turnalso the sensons are hardly long enough for the full perfectior: ing
in green crops, as a general rule, is peculiarly adapted to of the fruit.)
increase the growth of
grass ] SITE FOR VINEYARD-GradE CATTLE.-I wish to avail myself of the very valuable privilege afforded to your corres- AGRICULTURAL PAPERS AS PREMIUMS pondents and subscribers, of asking a little advice through the column of your paper devoted to "answers to inqui- The receipt of the Schedule of Premiums offered ries." Ist. I wish to plant a vineyard of five or six acres, by the Bucks Co., Pa., Ag. Society for their exhibition at and have two sites selected, but cannot decide between them. One is in an old clean field on a hillside, facing southeast, Newtown, Sept. 26 and 27, affords us the opportunity of and is a very rich black soil; the field has not been cultivated touching upon a topic, on which for various reasons we for some years, but has been in thick blue grass pasture, bave heretofore preferred to say little. We refer to the The other site is on the saine hillside, inuinediately above and adjoining the first, but is only partly cleared, and has never substitution of Agricultural Journals in lieu of small been pluwed. It is a very nice rich soji, slightly interspersed money premiums, as awards at County or Town Exhibiwith lime stoncs. Which of the places would be preferable, tions. and what preparation should the ground undergo before set
It appears reasonable and proper, that the two agencies ting out the vines ? 20. I have a bull call whose grand sire and grand-dame on his mother's side, were inported Ayr- to which is undoubtedly due whatever of agricultural adshire, and all his or her ancestors Herd book short horns. Can vancement we are now making-our Agricultural Sociehe be called thorough-bred? W. McGuire: Brooke Co; ties and Papers—should work together wherever it is posVa. (Probably either sito would answer, provided the ground can be properly prepared, and kept well cultivated. We sible to promote the cause in which they are mutually cannot, for want of information on all local points, state posi- engaged. The enlightened views and the conviction of tively which would be best, but may give some conditional the pressing importance of rural improvement, on the part suggestions. The lower site will probably be warmest, and will therefore ripen the crop sooner; the upper one will be of the founders and managers of many of our most flourmore free from night-frosts, which sometimes farther north, ishing Societies, owe their existence mainly or wholly to injure the vines during the intense cold of winter. The the agency which such periodicals as ours have exerted in preparation of the soil should be first plowing, next subsoil plowing to deepen and inellow the subsuil; and thirdly, deep diffusing an acquaintance with the experience elsewhere irench plowing, to work in heavy ar plications of manure acquired, and the means of progress elsewhere devised. making the whole a deep, rich mellow bed. If the upper and it would be difficult, indeed, to estimate how large portion, being but partly cleared, cannot be thus prepared, it will of course be unsuitable. A cross between two distinct a share of the popular support which Societies are receivbreeds is not a thorough-bred animal.]
ing, must also be ascribed to the same source. LAW ABOUT Birds. There was a law passed, I understand,
It is not the intention with which we write however, to by our Legislature last winter, for the protection of birds !f challenge comparisons between the results accomplished such is the fact, will you please furnish us with its provi: by these two agencies, or to claim for either any support sions ? G. T. (There was such a law passed, which declares
do person or persons shall, at any tiine, within this from its fellow beyond that which its intrinsic merits
shall command. It may nevertheless be remarked that it
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.)
VALUABLE BOOKS FOR FARMERS. was not until the agricultural press had already acquired a wide circulation, that our Societies were anywhere placed Farmers do not read half enough. If they would only upon a popular and effective footing. It diffused the spend their money for such agricultural papers as the Co. knowledge of those improvements, in adopting and advanc- Gent. and Cultivator, and H. F. French's Farm Drainage, ing which the members of a Society compete together instead of spending their time reading so much flimsy trash the introduction of better stock and implements, the form much more labor with the same force-would lave
as they are accustomed to read, they would be able to perextension of horticultural taste, and, more than all, the more productive farms—would raise better crops and betamelioration of farm-practice in those directions in which ter stock of every kind, and would be far better citizens. thie Society is least able to exert a potent influence.
When I was in Albany I purchased at the oflice of the It is the truth of this and much more that might be Co. Gent., French's Farm Drainage to read in the cars while added, which, together with other considerations, early led lar's worth of information out of it before I got home.
on my way home; and I am sure I got more than one dolthe managers of Agricultural Societies to the idea of Farmers should make a present of such books to their sons. awarding copies of Agricultural journals instead of small That book will be of ineuleulable benefit to the country. money prizes. The very fact of their periodical appear
I have just made a present to ny wife of a new book ance, is calculated to be a contant reminder of the means New-York City, entitled “ Our Farm of Four Acres.” If
just issued by C. M. Saxton, Barker & Co., 26 Park Row, by which they were obtained, aside from the direct incite. I had as many wives as King Solomon I would give each ment to effort presented by their contents.
of them a copy of this book, so that they miglit learn to But in all these matters of policy, it is experience which make good butter, and to be the best housewife in butterbears the strongest testimony. Nowhere has this question dom. Farmers whose wives spend three or four hours in been tested so generally and on so large a scale as by the churning, and then have butter more like soap grease than county societies in the State of Ohio, and in no State are butter, should get this book. I defy all Orange Co. to
turn ont neater and sweeter butter than is made by my the societies—so far as at a distance one is able to judge wife; but still she was able to learn many things from its more generally well established and full of vitality in perusal. “good works.” Several of the societies in this State,
Another book, published by the same firm, which every have made the experiment at different times upon a larger farmer should read, as it is replete with useful facts, is
* The Yale Lectures." Farmers who read most, generalör smaller scale, and many are making it now; and we ly succeed the best.
S. EDWARDS Todd. have bad direct evidence of the fact that their prosperity and success has never been greater than when they were
[For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) doing the most to induce their members to read, and to THE MANAGEMENT OF THE COLT. place the means of reading in their hands.
MESSRS. Editors—In the first place, never entrust him The Society named at the head of this note, presents an to the care of a person of ungovernable temper. Secondadditional case in which experience has justified the action 15, he should be treated with kindness from the beginning of judicious managers in the direction alluded to. The until he is ready for labor. Since Mr. Rarey laid his Bucks Co. Society yields to none of its class in respecta- method of subduing the horse before the public, I have bility and influence, and its board of officers, headed by should be commenced with when quite young, and handled
made the horse and his diseases my study. The cols the President, WM. Stavely, Esq., have been slowly feel. carefully, as he is quick to resent any injury. I begin as ing their way and testing the working of this system, soon as he is able to run about-get him so that lie will until several hundred copies altogether, of this and other not run away at your approach-get his head in your Agricultural journals, have now found a place upon its hands—if he wants to get away, let him—you can easily prize list.
get him again. After handling the lead so that he is not
afraid, pass on to the side and limbs. The sooner he gets Another Pennsylvania Society that has fairly and fully used to baving his legs handled, the easier he will be to tested the question, is that of Chester Co., the headquar- shoe when necessity requires it to be done. See that the. ters of which are at West Chester; no one can be better dam gives plenty of milk. If she does not, teach the qualified than its indefatigable Secretary, J. L. Darling- colt to drink cow's milk; there is nothing better to proTon, Esq., to judge of the working of the system after using the dam so as to beat the milk, as a great many colts
mote the growth. Great care should be observed in not several years of thorough trial; and, in the present state of are rendered worthless by so doing. I should in no case general interest in the question, perhaps he will be kind let the colt remain with the mother after it is five months enough to communicate for the benefit of our readers, the old, as it gives her time to get in good condition for winresults of his observation and experience. We know, at ter, and it is also the best time for him to shift for himleast, that his Society is constantly extending its sphere of and frosty, as it will do bim no good, but much harm.
self; do not let him remain out after the nights get cold active usefulness, for we liave a letter before us from Mr. There is plenty of skimrned milk at this time of year; Darlington in relation to the proposed establishment of a give him all he will drink; it will not hurt him. After Library for the consultation of its members.
lie is weaned is the time to commence halter-breaking him; We might allude to the testimony we have received the method if desired, I will give in my next, and also tho from other States, particularly from the Societies and Far
time of harnessing and driving the colt.
A CONSTANT READER. mers Clubs of Massachusetts, in farther support of what has been said. Our only object has been to respond as
SHEEP TROUGHS AND RACKS. briefly as possible to recent inquiries as to the policy of our Societies upon this point as tested in the actual adop. A good trough for sheep can be made out of a balf tion of the system, and it is with regard solely to the j chestnut log, by digging it ont, and driving in four pins to policy of the Societies themselves, that we have ventured raise it from the ground. to advocate its adoption.
A good rack is made by taking a white oak piece, say 6
inches in diameter—then bore 14 iach holes slanting inFRESH STRAWBERRIES, says the California Farmer, San wards, and driving rungs in, say* 2 feet long, (which can Francisco, Mareli 23, “ have appeared in our market, and be rove out)--then put four legs in the bottom to make it are sold at $2.50 a pound."
the desired height.
J. T. H.