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bu sa zid 10 totusten to 900 9d blue LEP A Canadian correspondent states that the Parlia?

V*700*26 mentary Committee on Agriculture are to propose great

modifications in the construetion of the Board of AgriTHE CULTIVATOR.culture.” The members of the Board are now elected by

MUTTEthe County Agricultural Societies. “Under the bill to be JAIRO 3 оni mos_ada to disc rty introduced, it is proposed to divide Upper Canada into

twelve districts, which will comprise about two of the ALBANY, N. Y., JUNE, 1860,

electoral divisions, for each of which a member shall be

elected to the Board, and it is proposed that the towpship During a brief visit in Western New-York last societies as well as the one balf of the county members of week, we had an opportunity of seeing considerable of the Board are to retire every other year. The Board likethe growing wlieat in the counties of Cayuga, Señéca, On-wise to have the management of the annual exhibitions." tario and Monroe, and all' we saw, as well as the replies to New Editions. —New and uniform editions on larger all our inquiries, lead us to the conclusion that the promise Nichols, Lee & co., Boston, of “Milch Cows and Dairy

and still heavier paper, have just been issued by Crosby, of a good wheat crop the coming harvest, has rarely been Farming," and "Grasses and Forage Plants "—two books more favorable the first week in May, than, at this time. which we have heretofore liberally comniended-by Should the weather prove favorable hereafter, there is CHARLES L. FLINT, Secretary of the Mass. Board of Agrilittle doubt the yield per acre will fully equal the unusu- culture. The publishers will accept our thanks for copies, ally good crop of last year, while the breadth 'sown 'last which with regard to mechanical execution, are certainly fall was much larger than for some years past. While all that can be desired. The new edition of the Dairy riding over our friend Johnston's farm, near Genera, he book moreover contains the latest news on the pleurocalled our attention to a field of seventeen acres of Early pneumonia, some new cuts, a frontispiece, &c. May wlieat, from seed which he received from a subscriber Bone DUST AND SWEDE TURNIPS.We make the fol. to the COUNTRY GENTLEMAN in Missouri, in 1858. Judg- lowing extract from a letter under date of April 20, ré. ing from present appearances, it will ripen some days ceived by Mr. Coulson of this city, from T. L. ILarison, earlier than any other variety, and its yield prove highly Esq., of St. Lawrence Co. :-"By the use of the bone satisfactory. Mr. Johnston was much pleased with it, and dust, purchased of you last season, I was for the first time thinks it will prove a valuable acquisition to the wheat- enabled to get my Swedes started ahead of the fly, and growers of Western New-York.

succeeded, notwithstanding the very unfavorable season, The prospect for a good crop of fruit, especially peaches in raising over 3000 bushels sound ruta bagas, from fouk and pears, was never better.

acres of land. I composted the bone dust with hen maWith Mr. Johnston we called on his neighbor Mr. Rob- nure and muck, in the proportions of 1, 2 and 4, (one ERT J. Swan, who has, take it altogether, one of the best of hen manure, two of bone dust, and four of muck,) and farms we have ever seen. It consists of over 300 acres— applied this compost on the first drill surrow over the all of it the best of wheat land, with just enough slope to barn-yard manure, covering it with the second drill furrow, enable him to drain it to advantage, and all lying in full substantially as described by a writer in a late number of view from the residence. It is improved in the best man- the Country GENTLEMAN.” ner, the whole being thoroughly underdrained, and the fields enclosed with post and board fences. We much re- Mons. Louis Viimorin, senior partner of the well-known

Der We regret to learn the death on the 21st March of gretted that our time was too limited to permit us to ac- nursery and seed firm, Vilmorin, Andrieux, & Co., of Paris. cept Mr. J.'s kind invitation to ride with him to the farm Obituary notices in the foreign journals speak of him as of Mr. H. T. E. FOSTER, a few miles farther up the lake, personally amiable in disposition and munificent in his where were assured we should have been as highly gra- charities, while he numbered among bis friends many of tified as with those we had already visited.

the first men of science in France; the horticultural world At Geneva we visited White Springs Farm, the residence

“loses in him one of its most enlightened, scientific, and of Mr. JAMES 0. Sueldon, where a couple of hours where energetic members," and one of the representatives of a occupied in the examination of his magnificent herd of family who have for more than a century devoted themShort-Horn cattle, which, notwithstanding the short period selves to the study and advancement of this branch of he has been engaged in breeding, is already taking rank rural science. among the best and most extensive herds of pure bred cattle in tliis country. We were gratified to learn that he

TERRACULTURE.-Russell Comstock of New-York, asked proposes to exhibit a goodly number of them at the next the House of Representatives to publish his "admitted State Fair, at Elmira, and among them a number of young it as "the most unmitigated humbug ever introduced to

discoveries of laws in vegetation.” Mr. Whitely denounced animals which reflect great credit on his own skill as a the decision of Congress," and the resolution was not rebreeder.

At Rochester we spent a day in visiting a number of the ceived. So says the U. S. Ag. Society's Journal. Our extensive Nursery establishments in and around that city, readers will note that at least one symptom of intelligence which we found in a most prosperous condition, the de? and common sense marks the present session of our Namand, notwithstanding the great competition throughout

tional Legislature. the country, having exceeded that of any previous year.

The crops last year in Ireland were not good, but No one branch of business has added more to the growth we were scarcely prepared to anticipate so large a de. and prosperity of the rapidly improving city of Rochester, ficiency as is reported in the following estimate from the thu this, which is carried on to an extent far greater than Irish Farmer's Gazette. “The total money value of the in any other single district of the country,

decrease in crops, last year, in Ireland, as compared with The spring thus far, at the west as well as here, has the previous year, amounts to £4,693,638; and if we add been unusually dry, and rain is very much needed at pre- to this the balance against us in the article of imports in sent.

1859, as shown in our impression of the 24th ult., amountRapid Gain.-In Mr. Johnston's yard, we saw the fat ing to £1,424,892, it follows that the agricultural purse of heifer and steer alluded to by Mr. Johnston in his letter Ireland exhibited a deficit last year of at least no less than published in the Co. Gent. of April 19. The day he was £6,118,630." three years old, the steer weighed 1,897} lbs. Mr. J. e3" Another paroxysm of successful steam plowing at weighed a pair of steers on the 12th of May, 1859—they the west is chronicled, but one which, according to a were kept on pasture only through the summer, and then Chicago contemporary, has accomplished more than merefed until the 6th of April, when they were weighed again, ly turning a furrow or two in a trial field. It is Water's and showed a gain of 1,516 lbs. in ten months and twen Machine, which is now “ triumphant," and, divesting the ty-four days. Can any of our readers show a greater in triumph” of superfluous exclamation points and descripcrease in the same period ?

tive touches, the facts of the case seem to be these: Mr.

[graphic]

production.

and tools,

Waters is a Detroit man, who exhibited at the last V. S. would be one of the greatest benefactors of his age and Fair at Chicago, where unfortunately his machinery broke country.” down ; he has been modifying and improving during the winter ; this spring he goes to work in earnest. During a suggestion to which we wish the attention of the Agri

LES A New-England newspaper publishes incidentally, the last week in April he was engaged in Grundy county, cultural public might be promptly and earnestly called, in and the writer in the Prairie Farmer had seen about seven- every part of the country. It is this: the DECENNIAL ty acres of the steam plowing, and says that Waters is Census of the United States is soon to be taken ; the laengaged "in a large job of prairie breaking, for which he bor is entered upon in June, and every Farmer will then is paid by the acre.” A gang of six plows was used, "cut- be called to communicate various facts in relation to ting a furrow nine feet wide.” During the day previous, his pursuit, "upon the accuracy of which so far as exacttwelve acres had been the extent of surface gone over,

ness is attainable their whole interest and value depend. The plows had been put to some very severe tests in a field full of June is with him a season when the call of the Census, we injury to the plors, and apparently without effect upon the engine taker may surprise him in the midst of pressing occupaWe measured one of these hickory roots which had been cut through; ; tions; and if he endeavors to supply on a moment's no

As the machine is now arranged, it requires one and a half cords of tice the returns required, how much of what he is asked ease being a half mile away,) a fireman, two men to manage the plows, will remaini unanswered-how much of what he answers besides Mr. Waters-to which add oil, &c., and Mr. W. says the cost will be mere guess-work, or at best no more than a tolerato him is less than $9 per day.

ble estimate. THE WINTER IN SCOTLAND.--Extract of a private letter

We have just obtained from Washington, a transcript to one of the Editors of the Country GENTLEMAN, from of the headings which are required to be filled out, toa gentleman in Scotland, dated Portobello, April 26, 1860: gether with the accompanying instructions. The produce

We have had one of the longest winters this year that of small lots owned or worked by those engaged mainly ever has been experienced in Scotland. Since the end of in other pursuits, it is not designed to include in this October we have had storms of rain and snow almost schedule. We condense the following particulars : every week. The snow never lays long on the lower

1. Name of owner, agent or manager of the farm or plantation. grounds, and here we have never had more than three to 2. Number of acres of Improved land, pasture, meadow and arable, four inches at a time on the surface. On the bills, how.

reclaimed from a state of mature and used for any purpose of ever, it has been very different, for often when it was rain 3. Acres of unimproved land-all that belongs to the farm and does on the low country, it was snow on them. Many of the

not come under the last head, excluding marshes and ponds

where larger than 10 acres. higher hills throughout the country you passed in autumn, 4. The cash value of the whole farm, improved and unimproved. are still thickly covered with snow. Unlike the wooded

5. Value of Farming Implements and Maebinery, including wagons mountains of New-England, the Highlands are destitute of 6. Live Stock-total number of animals upon the farm, June 1, 1860.

7. Number of Horses, Asses and Mules. of trees, and the winds sweep over them in all their fury,

8. Number of Milch Cows. and raise the snow, and accumulate it in great masses in 9. Number of Working Oxen. the sheltered hollows. These masses will not disappear | 11: Sheep-number one year old and over, June 1.

10. All cattle

one year old and over, not included in 7, 8 and 9. this year until the summer is ended. In many parts the 12. Swine, on June 1. sleep have suffered greatly, as there is usually no provis- | 13. Aggregate Value of all live stock, whether included in above list jon inade for them, but what they gather on the moun. Products within the year preceding June 1, whether sold or contains among the heather and benty grasses. Soine farmers 14. Wheat--15, Rye-16. Indian Corn--17. Oats. in the depths of the Highlands have lost thousands. The is

. Number of pounds of Rice. 19. Ditto of Tobacco. sheep on my farm have suffered comparatively little, as it 21. Number of pounds of Wool. is on the borders of the low country, and the snow soon

22. Peas and Beans--23. Irish Potatoes-24. Sweet do.--25. Barley

26. Buckwheat-all in bushels, disappears from the highest grounds. As you are aware, 27. Value of Orchard Products in dollars, and 28. Gallons of wine prothe turnip erop was a very poor one last year, and the ara- 29. value of Products of Market Gardens, including Nurseries. ble land farmer was never worse off for keep for bis ani- 30. Butter, and 31. Cheese in pounds. mals, which have been fed at an

enormous expense.

32. Hay in tops-33, Clover Seed, and 34, Grass Seed-bushels of both

cleaned for use or for market. Those who have been able to keep on, are getting very 33. Hops in pounds—34. Dew. Rotted, and 35. Water-Rotted Hemp, high prices. I believe fat sheep were never bigher than 37. Flax in ibs--38. Flax Seed in bushels-39. Silk Cocoons in lbs. they were yesterday in the Edinboro' market. As bigh as 40. Maple-sugar in pounds-11. Cane-sugar in hhds. of 1,000 lbs. one shilling a pound was given for fat sheep yesterday. 13. Beeswax, and 41, Honey, both in pounds, Wheat is still relatively lower than any other article of 45. Value of Home Manafactures, whether for use or sale-less the food. I would not wonder, however, although it took a

value of the raw material, where the latter was purchased in.

stead of being the produce of the farm. start before long, as the spring being so very backward 46. Value of all animals slaughtered during the year preceding June l. must begin soon to affect prices. Good hay is now as high In some cases these returns must be estimates, but the as £7 a ton, and it is scarcely to be had. There was a precise numbers, quantities or values should be stated good crop of it in Holland last year, and to show you how wherever possible; the deputy who collects them

must needy we have been, about 10,000 tons of meadow hay use his discretion in assisting a farmer to estimate fairly have been imported into Leith 'from that country. The and accurately the amount of his crops when he keeps no selling price at Leith is £5.10.

exact account, and in all instances it is desired to make LIQUID MANURE.- A correspondent of the COUNTRY

the nearest approximate returns which the case will admit GENTLEMAN, writes to this paper as follows:

of.” "A few years ago I was induced to build a sink and re

We need only repeat the expression of our hope, that servoir in the corner of my garden, to receive all the slops, our readers at least will be fully“ prepared for the censussuds, &c., of the house, which had been previously thrown man ” when he shall come; to put off the matter until tho away, and well nigh wasted. Into this reservoir I threw time of his visit, will only subject him to delay on the one occasionally a few shovelfuls of hen droppings, and during band, and perhaps call the farmer

, on the other, from some the season of growth employed the liquid as it collected, pressing task. It will be strange indeed in that case, if in watering my garden, by means of a can and a large neither of the two parties is too impatient to wait the syringe. An application of this kind was made almost hunting, up of exact figures, or the careful estimate of every evening, and the luxuriant growth of the plants of those which cannot otherwise be ascertained. all kinds was truly astonishing. The remarkable results New-YORK STATE AG. COLLEGE.--An adjourned meetobtained by this mode of irrigating and mapuring my gar-i ing of the Trustees of the Agricultural College was held den, induced me to build another reservoir, get a small at the College Farm House in Ovid, on the 3d inst. The engine like that used by firemen, and extend the practice Trustees present were Ex-Gov. King, Hon. William Kelly, to my lawn, orchard and calf pasture. The increase in my Hon. B. P. Johnson, Dr. A. Thompson, Hon. B. N. Huntcrops of grass, &c., &c., has abundantly remunerated me, ington, Hon. J. B. Williams, Edward G. Faile, Major M. and I do think that if some one should invent an easy R. Patrick, James O. Sheldon, and Arad Joy. The princimethod of carrying liquid manure all orcr our firms, lic pal chject of the meeting was the reorganization of the

various committee 3-some of thein on the Building Com- IF The Baltimore Rural Register contains the result mittee being now useless,--and to provide means for the of a sale of Live Stock belonging to J. H. McHENRY, successful completion of what has already been so well Esq., which took place Ap. 16. Seven head of Devon begun.

cattle, and twenty-one of Alderneys were offered. One The committees were appointed as follows:

of the former, a cow 8 vears old, was sold for $102.50, to Executire Committee - Major M. R. Patrick, James O. P. T. Woodward, Esq., Saluda, Va., and a Devon bull, 18 Sheldon and B. N. Huntington.

mos. old, was sold to A. P. Rowe of Fredericksburg, for Finance Committee-William Kelly, Edward G. Faile $50. Of the Alderness, ten cows were sold at an average and B. N. Huntington.

of $83.75 per head-the highest going for $140; one Josialı B. Williams and Arad Joy were appointed a heifer was sold for $130, and another for $95, and a young " Committee to examine and calculate measurements and bull went for $63. cost of College edifice according to contract.

Several lots of Suffolk swine were disposed of. Fifteen The meeting afforded ample encourayement that the horses were offered, four of which did not find purchasers, State Agricultural College of New-York will soon be a but the results of the sale as a whole, are said to have reality--a growing institution for the development of the been satisfactory to Mr. M¢H. agricultural resources of this State.

e It is stated in the “Spirit of the Times" that Hon. The New Castle County, Delaware, Agricultural John G. MEEMS of Lynchburg, Va., has purchased of $. Society, owing to the efforts of some active and public spi- LELAND, Esq., of Westchester Co., a Short-Horn bull callrited members, has been in the past, we believe, a well ed“ Farnley,” bred by the latter gentleman, at the price supported and fourishing fraternity; and, from a Circular of $2,500. “ The estates of Mr. Meens, including those

--for a copy of wbich we are indebted to our correspon- of his son, Gen. Gilbert S. Meems, are the finest on the dent Dr. Norris—we learn that it is now proposed to place banks of the Shenandoah river, in the valley of Virginia, it upon a still wider and more permanent basis. A subscrip- and jointly include over 5,000 brond acres in the highest tion in shares of $10, is started for the purpose of pur- cultivation. Upon this lordly expanse graze over seven chasing grounds-a farm of 150 acres being obtainable hundred head of cattle and horses, everything appertainwithin a mile of the city of Wilmington, at a reasonable ing to this princely establishment being upon the most price. It is designed to erect suitable buildings, &c.; comprehensive scale.” to lease the land when not in use for exhibition purposes; SALE OF AYRESHIRE CATTLE. A sale of Ayreshire catperhaps to devote it partially to experimental culture; tle, says the Boston Cultivator, belonging to the Massawhile, moreover another advantage from the possession of chusetts Society for Promoting Agriculture, took place on so large an area, besides the control of sufficient ground the 9th of May. The cows and heifers brought an average for testing the relative merits of improved machinery, &c., of $98.50—the four-year-old bull $115, and the two-yeararises from constantly having a responsible man in charge, old $85—the bull calf $52.50, and the heifer calf $10. to receive and care for stock and machinery, at moderate These prices, although very low, are perhaps all that could charges, where it suited exhibitors to forward them before have been expected, considering that the animals are not the opening of the exhibitions. We wish our friends all allowed to leave the State, and the depression in cattlesuccess in this excellent undertaking.

enterprise from the excitement in regard to pleuro-pneu. NEBRASKA AGRICOLTURAL SOCIETY.-At the second an.

monia. nual meeting of the Territorial Board of Agriculture, the

Le By an Advertisement in another column it will be following officers were elected :

seen that a sale of Valuable Stock, probably the first in President-Hon. R. W, FURNAS.

an annual series, is announced at Waldberg, the residence Secretary-A. D. Jones,

of Hon. A. B. CONGER, Ex-president of the State Ag. SoTreasurer-E. II, Chaplain. Board of Managerx-A. D. Jones, E H. Chaplain, J. T. Griffin, a. ciety. Mr. C.'s berds are widely known for extent and F. Munger, and Dr. T. Boykin.

the care with which they have been for d, and this will The uext Fair is to be held at the city of Omaha, Sep. be one of the most important sales of the season. teinber 19th, 20th and 21st.

We are informed that Gen. J. S. Goe, of Pennsyl. The Annual Election of Managers of the Chester Co. vania, has just sold to Messrs. E. G. Garnett and T. C. (Pa.) Agricultural Society, has resulted as follows :- Graves, of Petra, Saline Co., Mo., 5 cows, 5 heifers, and a President--ISAAC W. VANI.KER.

bull calf, all Short-Horns—also 1 pair of Essex swine, 52 Vice Presidents. M. B. Hickman, Joseph Dowdall, Dr. J. K. Eshle. Merino ewes, and 3 Merino bucks, and, in addition to the man, Col. Sam'l Ringwalt. Corresponding Secretary and Treasurer-J. Lacy Darlington, above, 4 mares, two of which were served, and one got by Recording Secretary-WR. D. Sugar and J. Bayard Jefferis, “Bush Messenger." Executive Committee-Lewis Sharpless, Thos. 8. Woodward, Chas. W. Roberts, Thos. W. Cheyney, Wm. Chalfant. Wellington Ilickman,

Mr. Jonas Webb's ram letting is fixed for ThursLewis P. Hoopes, John llaunum, Nathan Garret, Wm. Gibbons. CHENANGO Co. AG. SOCIETY.-Mr. JOHN SHATTUCK, Ox

day, July 5th. ford, has our thanks for the Transactions of this Society for 1859—a handsome pamphlet of 52 pages, including Vay 17.-MESSRs. Editors—We band you by express

FINE ASPARAGUS.- Office of Glen Cove Farmers' Club, the Address of Hon. D. s Dickinson at its last Fair, list to-day, a bunch of asparagus raised by PETER Cook, one of prizes awarded, &c. We shall copy from it, the state of the members of our club, and sent by the club to you. ment of Mr. Shattuck on which he received the first prize The season being dry and cool, we shall not cut anything of $25 for the best dairy farm.

like the usual amount this year. We sent from our landWe are indebted to Harry KEELER, Esq., Presi- ing on one day this week, per steamer Long Island, ninedent of the Westchester Co. Ag and Hort. Society, for teen hundred and eighty-five bunches of asparagus--the the Prize List for its next Fait, which is to be held at amount would probably have been at least 2,500 the same Mount Kisco, Sept. 25, 26 and 27. Addresses are to be time, with a favorable season. R. M. Bowne, Secretary. delivered on the 26th, by Robert Cochran, and on the 27th, [We are much obliged for this specimen of what Long by Horace Greeley.

Island can do in the way of asparagus raising. It is a LE The Virginia State Agricultural and the Virginia bunch of 28 shoots, and weighs three and a half pounds! Central Agricultural Societies have combined, and will Our correspondent adds that 12 or 15 farmers of his neighhold their Fair for the present year upon the grounds of borhood liave been recently devoting considerable attenthe Central Society, commencing on Monday, the 22d of tion to the crop, and we shall be under farther obligations October, and continuing six days.

if he will communicate for our columns the further stateThe Wisconsin State Fair is to be held this year ments and details to which he alludes. Ens. Co. Gent.) and next at Madison, the citizens of that place having Pear CULTURE.- At a recent meeting of the Skaneateles raised by subscription the amount required by the Execu- Farmer's Club, it was stated that the Hon. George Gedtive Board to induce them to locate it there for the next des, of Onondaga, was engaged in plavting a pear orchard two yeais.

of about four thousand trees.

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) entirely around his kingdom, and this, by agreement with THE CATTLE DISEASE.

the surrounding chiefs, was regarded as neutral ground.

No cattle were allowed to cross it, but, in the process of The pleuro-pneumonia now prevalent in Massachusetts transportation, goods were drawn to the line of demarkahas spread much beyond what was anticipated a week or tion on one side by cattle, then carried across the belt by two since. The passion for trading, dickering, buying and the natives, and taken up again by oxen in the adjoining selling, seems to bave been greatly increased among those territory. The result of this judicious action was that not whose cattle were diseased, and thus have infected ani- the belt, cattle could be seen dying upon the hills, and

ane aberta e died of the disease in thine trüben bile beyond mals been diffused into various parts of the common within it, there was perfect security. Mr. Lindsey strong. wealth ; also by teaming with infected oxen, Where ly asserts that the disease cannot be compromised ; that it this calamity is to end, it is not now easy to predict. is a contagious consumption, which is incapable of modiThere should be the greatest vigilance exercised to pre-fication. It is the same in Africa as it is in Holland, and vent its crossing the Connecticut river.

it will be the same in the United States, unless it is eradi

cated. It has obtained a foothold in this country, aud unEvery town should take active measures to prevent any less some specdy and effective plan is adopted, it will overanimals from infected regions being brought into their run the States. limits--and not to allow teams from such regions to pass

A petition for calling an extra session of the Legislature through them. This has already been done in some has been prepared by the commissioners after due deliberatowns. Meetings are called in various towns to consider cion, in order, if possible, to derive means and make an

appropriation ample to complete the work of extcrniination. the subject. The people are really waking up to their There are well authenticated cases of the disease having danger. This should have been done months ago. In been communicated by the clothing of those visiting the stead of that, the disease was suffered to rage on Mr. infected cattle, to healthful cattle, and yet there are croakChenery's farm under the treatment of one or more veteri-ers in every slough of ignorance, proclaiming vocally, and nary surgeons, and Mr. C. was not informed that it is a neither contagious nor infectious-whereas it is undoubt

through such papers as they can, that pleuro-pneumonia is contagious disease until he had suffered from it about edly both-judging from the testimony of experience and three months. Of such astounding stupidity, be it spoken observation. GEORGE. Eastern Massachusetts, May 19. reverently, Good Lord, deliver other Commonwealths. Had the veterinarian, as in the late case in Melbourne,

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator. ) Australia, where a farmer imported the disease from Eng. TURNING STOCK TO GRASS EARLY. land, as was done in this country from Holland, pronoiinced it pleuro-pneumonia, and called a meeting as was

MESSRS. EDITORS—It may do for Mr. VAN LEER, (see done there, and devised measures for the immediate ex. Co. Gent., p. 268,) to turn out his stock as soon as his termination of the infected hierd, he would have honored grass starts when he sends them to market on or before the profession and saved the Commonwealth $100,000, the 15th of July. Were he to keep them over until NoBut the history is too well known to require further con- vember, he would talk differently no doubt; but I do not sideration now. The question for to-day is not what understand what kind of grass he has, that his cattle will might have been done, but can be done for the immedi- only eat it when first turned out in spring. Cattle and ate extermination of this cattle scourge.

sheep eat the grass on my lowest land at any season of the The Secretary of the Board of Agriculture has been year, as well as that on the upland. If his lowland is wet ordered to inform all the Governors of the States and so that they wont eat it only when they first get to grass, Territories of the Union, Boards of Agriculture, and Presi- I guess it will do them no more good than those raw pota. dents of State Societies of the nature and character of the toes will do the sailors, that he says they will eat when disease, that they may take such measures as they may confined to salt meat for a long time. Surely the gentledeem necessary to protect themselves from this impending man dont mean to infer that they will fat the men, neither calamity now threatening the great cattle interest of this will grass growing out of water fat cattle. nation. It is hoped they will act wisely but firmly in the

Mr. V. L. says he has fatted cattle for over 30 years. matter.

That is not enough to make him perfect, if he always folThe Commissioners have invited the Connecticut Legis- lows the same course. I have fed both sheep and cattle lature now in session in New Haven, to lay the subject be over 50 years, and I am still learning. I think I bave fore them. While there Mr. Amasa Walker met the Rev. made some valuable discoveries in the last seven years; Mr. Lindsey, a Missionary of the American Board of Com- but more than 50 years ago I knew that grass growing in missioners for Foreign Missions, who for seven years re-low land, with water at the roots, was poison for sheep, sided at Port Natal on the eastern coast of Afinca. From and while it might keep cattle alive for a month in spring, a conversation with this gentleman, whoso position and op

it would not improve their condition any more than rau portunities for observation entitle him to public confidence, potatoes would sailors, as I presume the stomachs of sailors Mr. Walker was fully convinced that the commissioners are like other men's.

JOHN JOHNSTON. had taken the only course open to a complete extinction of the disease. Mr. Lindsey states that five years before

IRRIGATION.-- I would advise all your readers to “wash" he left Africa, which was several years ago, a bull

, affect their low lands where there is a chance. A neighbor of ed with pleuro-pneumonia, was imported into Port Natal mine has turned a brook on a rocky defile, and now he from Holiand. In sixty days after arrival it died. The cuts several tons of hay from on top of where those large disease was communicated to other cattle, and spread rocks lay. In the spring of the year many loads of valu. rapidly in all directions, jumping 300 miles at one time, in able manure and fertilizing matter are washed off of our consequence of one of the tribe in the infected district land because we don't dam and throw the water where we driving a herd of cattle that distance. The disease extend should. The amount of fertilizing matter annually washed ed along the entire coast, a distance of 1300 miles, sweep away by small brooks is immense. We can save much of ing all the cattle before it.

this matter by a system dams and ditches so as gradualThe cattle belonging to the tribe in which Mr. Lindsey y to let the water off, leaving the debris on the surface dwelt, were, however, exempt from the infection, not a and in the pond holes. single case occurring, and for this reason: The chief of VALUE OF Oat Straw.—Mr. Burt, of Norway, N. Y., the tribe, impressed with the belief that the only remedy states in the Rural New-Yorker, that he was obliged last was in isolating his people and their herds, and cutting off summer to cut his oats very green, on account of the all coinmunication by means of cattle with the surround- grasshoppers. From eight acres, yielding 300 bushels, he ing tribes, forbade the introduction of all cattle into his kept eighteen head of cattle two months on the straw domains. He cleared a belt of land about 300 rods wide, alone, without grain, and kept them well.

J. T. H.

BUCK E Y E

NOVELTIES! NOVELTIESTI NOVELTIES !!! F . boy

NOR SALE-The two-year-old SHORTWINTER WATER MELON-28 cents by mail,

"Squire Gwynne 11," 1101. out of "Fillpail IV." &c., &c., both from

Thorne's herd, See American Herd Book. South AMERICAN SQUASH, (very fine,) 29 cents by mail.

The subscriber offers him for sale on very reasonable terms, having OHIO IMPROVED TOBACCO, (very gigantic)- cents by mail. another Bull not so nearly connected to his stock. BRADFORD WATER MELON, (fine)-28 cents by mail

Any one wishing to purchase may, for pedigree or further particulars, address

A. M. UNDERHILL, Tue MAGNIFICENT New GREEN-CENTERED HELIANTHUS, (Dwarf

Ap 5-W3tmet

Clinton Corners, Duchess co., N. Y. Sun Flower.) 28 cents by mail. Tue TRUE HUBBARD SQUASH, (Gregory seed. Y 29.cents by mail.

PREMIUM MOWER WILLIAM THORBURN, Seedsman, May 10-w2tmlt

490 & 492 Broadway, Albany, N. Y. WITH FLEXIBLE FOLDING BAR. COTICE TO FRUIT GROWERS. The farmer intending to purchase a Mower, will find it to bis advan.

tage to examine the Buckeye for 1860, which combines all those

features which have given it its present reputation, that of I have for sale a number of volumes of the FRUIT AND INSECTS of the STATE NATURAL HISTORY, with colored plates and des.

THE BEST MOWING MACHINE IN THE WORLD. criptive letter press. Will be sold low to early applicants.

together with several important improvements added the present O HARRY E. PEASE, Lithographic Engraver and Painter,

May 3-w3tm3tm00 518 Broadway. Albany, N. Y, NE W

MACHINE de UNITED STATES.

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HALLENBECK'S PATENT,

O flo As it appears when Folded up for Moving about the Farm.

Jul allora The subscribers having completed the most perfect Mower ever of: fered to the public, are prepared to fill all orders which may be sent to them. A few of these Machines were built the past season to test

AS IT APPEARS IN THE FIELD their merits, and in every instance giving entire satisfaction, and ta

The machine is supported on two driving wheels, which act together king the preference over all others wherever it came in competition ;

or separately, keeping the knives in motion in turning either to the invariably taking the first premium at every fair last fall where pre

right or left miums were given. For description address the

subscribers, when which allows either end to rise or fall without affecting the other

The cutter bar is attached to the frame by a DOUBLE DISGX JOIST, Circulars will be sent free of charge. Manufactured by HALLENBECK & CUNNINGHAM,

adapting itself to all inequalities of the surface, and also adding greatJune 1-mit. Corner of Philip & Johnson sts., Albany 'N. Y.

ly to the strength of the machine.

WHEN NOT IN USE THE CUTTERS CAN BE INSTANTLY FOLDED OVER THE

FRONT OF THE FRAME, RENDERING THE MACHINE AS PORTABLS AS A CONTANSEMOND SWEET POTATO MON Cart:

One of the strongest proofs of the great success of the Buckeye PLANTS,

Mower, is found in the fact that, since its introduction, so many other

machine manufacturers have changed the construction of their own of superior quality, packed to go long distances safely, by machines, and introduced features in IMITATION of the BECKEYB, Express: 400, $1: 1000, $2; 5000, 99; 10,000, $15–during These imitations are all necessarily failures, as the desired advantaMay and June, Our Plants have produced fine crops in ges cannot be attained without infringing the Buckeye Patents. the North for many years, even as high as 44o.

The DOUBLE JOINTED, FLEXIBLE BAR, BELONGS EXCLUSIVELY

TO THE BUCKEYE MOWER, AND IS SECURED BY THE PATENTS OF SYLLA Circular of directions in culture, and experience of our & ADAMS, AND AULTMAN & MILLER, WHICH PATENTS WILL BE FOLLY patrons, sent for a stamp. C. B. MURRAY,

SUSTAINED AGAINST ALL INFRINGEMENTS, (late 0. 8. Murray & Son)

The greatest care will be taken in the selection of material, and tho Foster's Crossings,

construction of the Machine, and the Buckeye of 1860 will present Mar 29—weowt? | May Imit

more claims than ever before, to the consideration of the farmer Warren Co., Ohio.

wishing to secure the best Mowing Machine,

Orders must be sent early to Secure Machines. My up filled orders One Vol. 12 mo.-Price $1.50.

of last season amounted to several hundred. Descriptive Circular, MERICAN WEEDS AND USEFUL PLANTS with testimonials, forwarded by mail.

JOHN P. ADRIANCE, Manufacturer and Proprietor, enumeration and description of useful plants and weeds, which merit

Poughkeepsie, N. Y. and Worcester, Mass.

Warehouse 165 Greenwich St., near Courtland, New-York. the notice or require the attention of American agriculturists. By Wm. Darlington, M. D. Every Farmer or Farmer's Son who wishes

SCHOONMAKER & JOHNSON, Agents, to know the names and character of the plants growing on his farm,

Coeymans, Albany Co., N. Y. should study this book, For sale at the office of the Co. Gent, and

JAS. WALKER & CO.. Agents,
Cultivator.
L. TUCKER & SON, April 26-w&mtr.

Schenectady. N. Y.

AY AND

GRAIN COVERS. Caps rendered anti-mildew, and with improved metal eyelets in the corners; also Dinmore's patent fasteners, for sale by the subscribers.

Prices range from 28 cents to 63 cents, according to size and qual. ity of caps. The articles offered this year are superior to any offered before, and we think are

perfectly adapted to the purpose. SHIN CHASES & FAY,

Boston, Mass. June 1-mlt18

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