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(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.] find its way to the tiles; but all stiff clays that no water BALLOON FRAMES.
will circulate through, can never pay for underdraining,
unless they are deeply trenched or subsoiled some two We don't pretend to build any thing else in this prairie feet deep.' Still if there is land adjoining, and of a more country. I have never known one to crush even by the porous character and laying higher than the clay imperwind; yet I have known them to move froin their founda- vious to water, draining that land and carrying it through tion. (I do not speak of our tornadoes, against which the hard clay, will prevent the water from coming over the
clay, it may ultimately become mellow when not waterneither timber nor walls will stand.) Six years ago I built soaked from the higher land. Experiment—dig holes on a good sized two-story dwelling, balloon. I boarded it the higher land and see if water rises. If it does, you horizontally upon the studing, with good straight-edged can drain.
JOHN JOHNSTON. rough boards, telling the carpenters that I would find nails
[For the Cultivator and Country Gentleman.) if they would drive them. The bint was taken, and plenty
THE KIRTLAND RASPBERRY. of nails were driven. Over these rough boards I covered with flooring, perpendicular and matched. Painted a MESSRS. L. TUCKER & Son-I noticed an article in your heavy cream color. It makes a very good appearance paper a week or two since, in reference to the Kirtland through the trees, which have considerably grown up since raspberry, from Mr. W. Heaver of Cincinnati
, and having
had some experience with this raspberry for the past three our Senior Editor was here three years ago.
years, thought a few items might be of interest. I find We prefer this wood structure to brick. It is dryer, it a very strong, vigorous grower, a most profuse bearer, and a little more air and health.
and the fruit of good size, and, to my taste, of excellent But the part which I value most for its trifling cost and quality. In color a deep, rich red, and of sufficient firinsimplicity, is its foundation. The sills are of plank, 2 by mingling of the rich sweetness of the best of the Ant
ness to bear carriuge well. In favor, it seems a pleasant 12 inches, laid upon a 9 inch brick wall. The cellar wall werps, with just enough of the taste of the wild raspberry is of stone, 18 inches thick, upon which the joists are laid to redeem it from a suspicion of insipidity. Tastes differ; in the same manner as if I was building a brick house. but the Kirtland is to me pleasanter in flavor than even Then the two-inch sill is laid upon the brick foundation, Brinckles Orange. But its greatest excellence, in my laping four inches on the ends of the joist, which are cut view, is its perfect bardiness. It requires no protection down at the end two inches, to make the sill level, upon dured uninjured our terrible “5th of June frost,” which
from the severest weather in winter, and last year it enwhich to lay the floor. Then between the ends of these destroyed the fruit of the Lawton blackberry, and every joists, brick are laid up, with a two-inch space between the other raspberry on my premises, including the wild native. outer and inner walls, to keep out the frost, and it does it At the time of the frost above mentioned, raspberries quite well.
were setting their fruit, and were filled with bloom and A house thus built into the foundation, will not elide kle's Orange, Fastolff
, Franconia, Allen, and all others in
half grown berries. The Hudson River Antwerp, Brincfrom it nor lift up easily. It is my invention, not patent- the same situation and exposure, were entirely destroyed, cd, and I give it free for those who wish to use it. I like while the “Kirtland” bore an abundant and beautiful crop. it very much, If I were to build again, I would use coal
GEO. W. CANPBELL. tar or pitch upon the sill and stud mortices, for I fear it
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) will rot too soon. SUEL FOSTER. Muscatine, Iowa.
CHEAP DRAINING. LETTER FROM JOHN JOHNSTON.
Mr. David Callanan of Callanan's Corners, N. Y., is what
I call one of the best farmers in Albany county. He bas a
NEAR GENEVA, June 6, 1860. farm of about 200 acres, which he commenced tile drainMESSRS. TUCKER & Son–Tell your correspondents who ing some six or eight years ago. But the great drawback want bones ground, that if they have a plaster mill near, bas been the enormous cost of digging drains, as bis land they can have them ground just as they wish. I got a is pretty much all strong yellow clay, intermixed with ton ground a month ago, and am experimenting on corn— be done at a cost less than 30 cents per rod, as 'a man had
small stones. A three-foot drain, dug by hand, could not will also on grass and wheat this fall. I tried bones on to use a pickaxe to break it loose, which makes it a very wheat some twenty years ago—think they paid, but will slow and costly operation. be a little more particular this time.
The other day I took a trip out to his place. I found I have also had a ton of limestone ground as fine as him hard at work, with balf a dozen men engaged in drainplaster, to experiment with on wheat. I have long thought ing. He was using a ditch digger-one of his own invention. of trying it. "Wherever I have seen limestone dressed in It is cheap, simple and durable, and I must say it is far the a field for building, that field always brought large crops best ditching machine I ever saw in operation. It is so arafterwards for many years. I intend to put a ton on half ranged that he can cut a drain any width and depth re
The ton cost $3 at the mill five miles distant. quired. It is capable of cutting a drain from two to eighI have nearly another tun to get home. I will try it on teen inches in width, and from two to six feet deep. It different kinds of soil.
makes a drain far superior to anything I ever saw dug by Every thing is growing rapidly—wheat in full ear, or hand. It requires two teams of horses or oxen, and three ncarly so.
men, or one man and two boys to use it. Mr. Callanan I had the bones ground as fine as corn-meal—put at informed me that he was getting his drains cut three feet the rate of 6 cwt. to the acre, on three strips in the cor deep for about 7 cents per rod. A ditch the same depth, field—will know by September if any benefit.
made by hand, had cost him 30 cents, and sometimes Our green peas are nearly ready to cook, earlier than I more, which makes a difference of about 224 cents per ever saw before; and, excepting last year and 1846, i rod, which will more than pay the cost of tile and freight. have no recollection nor no memoranduin of wheat being not to hesitate a moment before getting one, as I am cer:
Any one who has land of a gimilar character, ought 80 forward at this date. If the weather keeps warm, 1tain they cannot do otherwise than give satisfaction to all shall have one field of wheat ready to cut by 5th July. Tell Mr. Bissell if he gets no run of water in his stiff somewhat interested in draining, and advise all who wish
who may try them. I myself being a tile-maker, feel clay, it is of no use to drain it; it would be folly to lay to save their money to procure one of Mr. C.'s ditchers. tile where no water is. For a garden it might be trenched
GEORGE JACKSON, 18 to 24 inches deep; then the water that falls on it would
Supt. of New York State Tile Works, Albany, N. Y.
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) pening, in New-York, in the Co. Gent. of June 7th. COARSE vs. FINE WOOL SHEEP. Mediterranean wheat is southern wheat, as well as “Early
May," and when first brought here ripened June 15th, as Messrs. Editors—In your issue of April 5th, I find a the May now does; but it has grown 10 or 15 days later statement in relation to the profits of fine and coarse wool- of late years, and is now subject to rust, from which it was ed sheep. Your correspondent says that his neighbor's at one time exempt. long-wooled sheep sheared three pounds of wool apiece, Mediterranean wheat was first introduced in 1819, by Mr. and that his Spanish Merinos sheared four and a quarter John GORDON of Wilmington, Delaware, and was shipped pounds apiece. He says the long-wooled lambs were sold from Genoa, and was then the very earliest ripening vari: for $2 per head, and estimates his fine-wools also worth ety known, and I believe yet is in the northern states. Of $2. He makes his 42 sheep produce $124.97, and his late years, and after it was adopted as a standard variety, neighbor's (who I extrer.ely pity) 20 sheep, but $54.80, other importations have been made, and I have no doubt and strikes a balance in favor of his fine-wools of the but John Johnston and my Hunterdon Co. friend, have pretty sum of $40, and considers it quite an item, and so wheat from the later importations. It all goes to sustain do I, unless we long-wooled men can do better than that. my position before your readers for two years past, that
Now as we are all looking after the dollars and cents, for early maturity in wheat the grower must go south and and as I am a little interested in long-wools, I propose to not north, for seed—and that the change must be made try my figures along side of Mr. Davis'.
every few years. Here the Mediterranean has lost its early I have sheared this year from my sheep at home, 22 in maturing character, for the reason that it has not been renumber, 152 lbs. clean washed and perfectly dry wool. newed since 1819. An importation from Genoa would of the 22, 12 were breeding ewes from which I had 10 restore its original character here on this soil. Fresh im lambs-five were wethers and five yearling ewes. The portations I know have been made into New-York by the five wethers sheared 414 lbs.--twelve ewes, 71 lbs.-five Messrs. Allens, and I see it advertised every year at Baltilambs, 41+ lbs., making the 152 lbs., which is within two more, newly imported. I hope your readers in New York, pounds of seven pounds apiece. Last year my wool Ohio and Pennsylvania, who ordered Early May, will rebrought me 32 cents per pound, which is probably about port through your paper, their successes and failures, as what it will bring this year, which will make 152 lbs., 32 soon after harvest as convenient. ANTHONY KILLGORE cents per pound, $48.64-about $2.21 per head for the
P. S.-I enclose samples of new wheat of the “Early wool. Now in relation to the value of lambs, he sets May" variety. It is a very short crop, but better than down his fine-wool at $2, which is probably about right. any other variety, and imperfectly filled, yet the berry is I have not lately sold any lambs to the butcher, but have of its usual good quality. It is a characteristic of Early disposed of most of them for breeding, and if any males May, that however the crop may succeed or fail, it always were left over I made wethers of them, and before they furnishes a good sample, and is No. 1 in quality, whether were two years old made them weigh from 200 to 230 lbs., it produces a paying crop or otherwise. The wheat crop when they could be sold to the butcher for from $16 to from the Obio River valley to Texas, including the whole · $20 per head, which I consider better than to sell them south, may safely be set down as a failure. After our when lambs.' I had a ewe this year that weighed, before next crop is sown, and our own people fully fed, nothing she was two years old, 227 ibs. When I first commenced will be left for export. breeding sheep I used to sell some lambs to the butcher, but had no trouble to get from $3.50 to $5 per head for
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator. ) them, and could get that now; but I can do better with them.
Growing Currants for Wine Making. And now for the test, and to do this honorably and fair- Messrs. LUTHER TUCKER & Son-In your number of ly I propose to put the ewes and lambs in competition, 29th March, P. G. asks what variety of currants are the and call their wool as my friend has done, an average of best to make wine-how many to be planted on an acre, the flock, although Mr. Davis has the advantage in having &c., and if it is profitable? I should have answered then, but two lambs less on 27 ewes, when I have two less on 12. but want of time prevented me. Having now more leisMr. Davis' 27 eweg, 4% lbs. wool per head, 42 cts. per Ib., $18.20 Do. 25 lambs, $2 per head, ....
ure, and perceiving that no one has answered it as yet, I
will give him the required information. Average wool and lambs, 43.64 per head.
The red currant is the best to make wine from. One My 12 ewes, 7 lbs. wool per head, 83 lbs., 32 cts. per pound, $26.89 acre can be planted with from 1,214 to 2,730 currant 10 lambs, 4 per head,
40.00 bushes. This will produce yearly from 130 to 300 or 350
166.68 bushels of fruit, which, with water and the necessary Average wool and lambs......
$5.57 quantity of sugar to induce fermentation, will make from
3.64 1,600 10 3,000 gallons of wine to the acre, worth from $1 Balance in favor of Long-Wools, per head..............
to $1.50, and even more, per gallon. Thus each acre can Difference on 42 sheep, in favor of Long-Wools, would be $81.06. be made to produce from $1,600 to $3,000 or $4,500, de Bethlehem, N. Y.
JURIAN WINNE. ducting the cost of sugar, casks, cultivation, mashing, re
fining, &c. This wine is of excellent quality—in all re(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.)
spects much like the wine from grapes; it sells readily,
and much is exported to the West Indies and South AmeEARLY MAY WHEAT.
rica. FERNLEAF, MASON Co., KY., June 14, 1860.
The cost of a plantation would not be very great, as any Eps. Co. Gent.—“Early May Wheat” is now being quantity of bearing currant bushes can be got at low rates, cut. This variety has not varied two days in ripening in and the preparation of the land is not so expensive, and the last five years—never since its introduction from Ten- need not be so thorough as for a grapevine plantation ; nessee. It has escaped all disease as usual, and samples besides that, the plants can be made to produce the first No. 1 in quality, yet the yield is very light from winter year, which is not the case with the grapevine. Currant killing of the plants. Many fields will not yield over ten wine, when well made, is as good a wine as that made bushels, and none over fifteen, so far as my observation from the grape, but as the currant is deficient in sacchaextends. No rust nor joint worm, from which all other rine matter, sugar is to be added to promote fermentation, varieties are now suffering in the same vicinity. · A friend which is indispensable to the formation of wine. in Hunterdon Co., N. J., writes me that his crop, from P. G., or any other, can further consult me for more parseed procured in Kentucky, winter killed in spots, but ticulars by writing me. F. A. Nauts. Nero-York. where it stood is very heavy, and longer in the straw than in this latitude, and will not, from present prospects ripen
PLANTING FURIT TREES.—It is said that $800 worth of any in advance of Mediterranean sown on the same farm, young fruit trees were planted in the town of Bennington, and I see John JOHNSTON says the same, as to carlg ri- Vt., the last spring.
imports, was to answer a query as to the amount we are paying for willow and willow ware of other peoples' grow
ing and making—the inquirer having seen a much exagTHE CULTIVATOR. gerated statement on the subject, which,
notwithstanding corrections already made, every little while takes a new
start in the papers. We find that during the year in quesALBANY, N. Y., JULY, 1860.
38,359.00 Messrs. C. M. Saxton, Barker & Co., New York,
Total Willow Imports,..
0161,06.00 have issued a little book entitled “Outlines of the First The aggregate of these items shown in the report for 1855, Course of Yale Agricultural Lectures," consisting of the reports communicated at that time to one of the New was $178, 117, so that there appears during the intervenest of them do, only a simple outline of the general course of the Honey we buy from Cuba, ($181,755,) while we also York dailies by Mr. Henry S. Olcott. Conveying as the full. ing four years to have been a small decrease.
The value of our willow imports is not so great as that of argument and fact presented, while even this was not at the time in all cases possible, ---the value of the work is purchase some $15,000 worth of the latter from other
sources. rather suggestive than practical; but as it has been revised
The larger part of our Willow, it may be added, with care by the reporter himself, and submitted for cor- lantic ports of France, (about 345,000';) next stands Bel
comes from Bremen, (about $93,000 ;) and from the Atrection to the lecturers, one may consult it with entire confidence in its general fairness and accuracy. The al gium with $14,500, and the remainder in small amounts
from other scattered sources. ready wide circulation which some of the reports have obtained by being copied from one newspaper to another, CHANGE OF SEED.—The Irish Farmer's Gazette says that shows a public interest in the topics discussed, sufficient “barley seed requires to be frequently changed; and if to lead to the conclusion that the present publication will this is neglected, the result will be a deterioration in the exactly supply what the public most desire, a brief and quality, which, of course, lessens the value. The amount condensed epitome embodying a considerable share of of produce from unchanged seed is always less than from what was there actually said and done. There are some changed seed, if the latter has been properly selected." parts of the book, which we have already marked for ex. In an article on the culture of Flax, the editor of the Irish tract.
Agricultural Review, says that a change of seed has proved In conclusion, Prof. Johnson suggests to the considera "decidedly beneficial.” A correspondent of the COUNTRY tion of those who heard the lectures, and others, a scheme GENTLEMAN recently stated that he had found a change of of simple experiments upon the use of Salt as a Fertilizer. oats so important, that he now imports his seed triennially It was thought that if similar experiments could be set on from Prince Edward's Island. foot in different hands, scattered widely over the country,
A Report of the Fourth Annual Fair of the St. the result arrived at could not but possess considerable Louis Ag. and Mech. Association, has just been published weiglit for study and comparison, The subject chosen, prepared by Dr. Hopewell, to whom we are indebted while it is one of general interest on which variant and for copies. It is a neatly bound volume of 228 pp., most, conflicting opinions are held, is also one easily tried ly devoted to a minute account of the exhibition referred wherever salt can be cheaply procured. While we must to, the Reports presented, awards made, &c. We note, refer to the book itself for Prof. Johnson's excellent pre- beside, an essay on the Culture of the Grape, to which the fatory observations, we copy here the four kinds of ex- Association awartled a prize; portions of the late address periments which are to be carried on-hoping thereby to of the Hon. A. B. Dickinson, so far as we have yet pubcall greater attention to the subject, and taking the oppor- lished them in the Country GENTLEMAN, copied from this tunity to say in addition that we shall be pleased to make paper, and the excellent descriptive chapter on Apples our columns the medium of publishing the results of contained in “Rural Affairs, to which volume credit for any trials which our readers may undertake. We fear, the same is courteously given. however, that to many the suggestion will come too late for action the present season.
New MODE OF DRAINING.-Mr. S. A: CLEMENS of
Chicago, III., writes to the editors of the COUNTRY GENTLEA General Elects of Salt- as increase of product, improvement of MAN, that he has an improvement on the mole plow, by
Two plots of any soil in any crop-both may receive other manures which hydraulic cement mortar is forced down, and lines or not, but their treatment should differ only in this fact, that one is the inside of the subterranean tube made by the mole, salted, the other not. Use the salt at the rate of 350 lbs. per acre. B. Effect on particular crops, or classes of crops, as potatoes com
simultaneously with its passage through the ground-in pared with carrots, grasses vs. root crops, root-crops vs. grain. effect laying a continuous pipe of imperishable material Two plots for each crop, as under A.
to any suitable depth, and of any desired size or thickness ube., one with 300 lbs., one with 450 lbs., or other different quantities underdrain of as true a grade of inclination as a railway
soil and crop alike-one plot unsalted, one with 75 lbs., one with 150 with provision in operating the machine for making the Soils diferent-tillage, manure and crop the same. Dose of salt the can be laid—water having access to the drain through a same. Of each soil a salted and unsalted plot should be observed. fissure or perforations in the bottom.” Where stones or
One may-by devoting a spare balf hour or two roots are not too large or frequent, Mr. C. says he can put to that interesting compilation of figures annually issued in the two inch pipe for 25 to 30 cents a rod. from the U. S. Treasury department under the title of The. Thirteenth Volume of Coates' Short Horn “ Commerce and Navigation,"—chance upon some items Herd Book, lately issued at London, contains the pediworthy of note. For example, this report for the fiscal grees of 1,730 bulls. Mr. Thorne's "Grand Turk” and year ending June 30, '59, shows that the Tea bill of this Mr. Sheldon's “Grand Duke of Oxford," are among the country for a twelve month was nearly seven millions and bulls illustrated. Grand Duke of Oxford was bred by a half of dollars, for not quite 29 million pounds; but Capt. Gunter; got by 2d Grand Duke; dain, Oxford 11th, coffee is still more a national beverage, for we paid away by 4th. Duke of York, &c. over 25 millions dollars for 264 millions pounds of this simple little berry. To sweeten these drinks, and for other
Er At a late special meeting of the Franklin County, uses, we bought over 30 millions dollars' worth of sugar, grounds at a cost of $5,000.' It was also voted to dispense
Mass., Agricultural Society, it was voted to purchase beside expending five millions dollars more for molasses with the show of neat cattle this year, on account of the We cannot grow good enough tobacco it seems to supply fatal disease, and the matter of exhibiting other stock was our smokers, and so they pay away four millions and a half for the item of cigars, some fifty odd thousand for left with the trustces. other manufactures of the weed,” and over a million and The managers of the Montgomery Co., Pa., Ag. a half more for it in the raw state.
Society are moving to establish a Library at Norristown, for But the primary object of our reference to tlris table of the use of its members.
SCHEME OP EXPERIMENTS.
C. Elects of different doses:
less or more in number, as convenient.
D. Effects on different soils:
HORSE SALES.--At the sale at Clappville, Mass., the 6th RENSSELAER COUNTY AG. SOCIETY.—This Society, by virinst., of Horses belonging to R. S. DENNY, Esq., twenty tue of an act passed at the last session of the Legislature, animals brought an aggregate of $15,267—an average of have sold their show grounds at Lansingburgh, the build$793 each. The highest prices appear to have been paid ings on which, it will be remembered, were burnt a year by E. D. Bush of Shoreham, Vt., viz., $3,450 for “Poca or two since, and have purchased new and more centrally hontas" noted as a pacing mare, and $2,400 for an entire located grounds, on which they are about to erect three colt, “ Miles Standish," four years old by Black Hawk out buildings 45 by 100 feet, with a central part, 21 feet by of Mary Taylor. “Ninon," a yearling filly from Poca. 100, two stories high. Their Fair for this year, is to open hontas by Ethan Allen, brought $2,300, "John Alden," on the 19th of Sept., anil to continue for ten days. own brother to Miles Standish, one year younger, went for $1050, and “Garibaldi,” two years old by Ethan Allen, State Agricultural Society, is to be held in Manchester on
23The Annual Exbibition of the New Hampshire also out of Mary Taylor, brought $1,000.
the 2d, 3d and 4th of October. -Two Black Hawk mares were shipped from Boston for Liverpool the 7th inst., "purchased," says the Boston
Machine for Sowing LIME.-In Co. Gent., May 24, Cultivator, “for Rt. Hon. Lord Berwick by Sanford How. D. M. N. inquires about a machine for sowing 'lime. s. ard. The mares are Fanny Fern (bay) and Black Hawk Hubbel, Unadilla, Otsego Co., N. Y., has invented a maBelle (chestnut,) the former bred by Hon. Francis Wilson, chine for sowing lime, plaster, ashes, and all kinds of of Hinesburgh, Vt., the latter by Mr. Titus, of Vernon, grain, of any quantity desirable per acre, which I think Vt., and lately owned by Mr. Warder, of 'Brattleboro. would not fail to suit-price about $40. H. P. Norton. They are regarded by good judges as remarkably fine ani. FarGATE.--I send thanks to Dr. Robinson for the use mals, and should they reach their destination in safety, of his drawings and models of a farm gate in your Annuwill do credit to the country as specimens of our road. AL REGISTER for 1860. I believe it the best for the cost, sters."
in use. That Doctor must be a philanthropist, or he would — In connection with the foregoing, we may quote the have made a great spread, and gone to Washington three statement apparently made "by authority” in the Spirit or four times for a patent, for truly it is much more worof the Times, that "Mr. Joseph Hall of Rochester, the thy than three-fourths, or I miglit say nine-tenths of those owner of the famous stallion George M. Patchen, has re- mighty creations of the brain that get patented. cently refused $25,000 for him. He considers him worth CULTIVATING CORN.Now about plowing corn and sur$35,000.” Since his recent exploits on the Union Course face cultivating. It is time that important subject was up this horse appears to hold the “belt,” as the champion of again. Last season, while hoeing with our man Jake, I trotters the world over.
told him that some advocated a surface culture. He showLes Among the Devons disposed of at Mr. Wained much surprise, and said—“Why, you must plow-must WRIGHT's sale, last week, at which, unexpectedly, we were cut down and break the roots, or you will get no corn." I prevented from being present,
--we notice that "Helena asked him for his reason-he said he did not know, but 13th” was bought by Hon. Wn. KELLY, for Mr. Mc- father said so.' Can it not be in a measure with corn as CUTCHEON of Louisiana, for $200—also “Zerlina " and the with some other plants, that when a root is cut off, two bull "Wisconsin,” for the same gentleman, at $160 each, or three will start from it, and in the end add double to and “Helena 18th," for $110, for E. R. Brown of Missis. the nourishment? sippi. E. CORNELL of Ithaca, bought “ Helena 16th" for ter The Fourth National Exhibition of imported blood $135.
and American breeds of horses, will be held on Hampden Der We are indebted to the publishers, C. M. Saxton, Park, Agricultural Fair Grounds, in Springfield, Mass., Barker & Co.
, New-York, for a copy of “The Young Far- the 4th, 8th, 6th and 7th of September. The existence mer's Manual," by S. Edwards Todd, a full notice of of the Pleuro in cattle having led to the abandonment of which we are obliged to defer in the present pressure upon the State Agricultural Fair, the Directors of the Hampden our columns.
County Society promptly resolved to substitute a Fourth An advertisement of Callanan's Draining Plow, National Horse Show, and have appointed a Board of which we noticed editorially some weeks since, and to Managers, most of whom have served in the same capacity which a correspondent refers in another column, will be at the former successful Exbibitions. The list of premifound elsewhere. Mr. C. states that he has added farther ums has been enlarged and classified, and it is designed, improvements since we witnessed its operation.
aside from the exhibition in itself considered, to give Let Our friends of the Queens County Agricultural greater facilities for the deliberate examination and trial Society are making spirited preparations for their Show of horses intended for sale. Springfield is easily and to be held at Jamaica, Sept. 19. President-Hon. E. A. quickly accessible from all directions, and Hampden Park LAWRENCE; Secretary, John Harold, Hempstead.
is unequalled in its track for showing or training a horse. * We have received the proceedings of the Execu
PLASTER YOR POTATOES.-Four years ago we planted tive Committee of the St. Lawrence County Ag. Society, part of a field with potatoes—first quarter acre, to which at a meeting the 5th instant, to perfect arrangements for we applied a moderate dressing of gypsum—then a quartheir Show, which takes place at Canton, Sept. 26–28. ter acre without it, and then again a larger area with it. President, Hon. C. T. HULBURD; Secretary, L. E. B. Wins. The effect was very apparent on the potato crop, in favor
The Address is to be delivered by LUTHER H. of that part to which the gypsum was applied; and the TUCKER of Albany.
clover, which is now on the ground, shows to the foot
That which was The Racine Co., Wis., Ag. Society have issued a what was plastered and what was not. neat Schedule of Premiums for their exhibition at Union plastered, presents a dark green appearance, and a much Grove Sept. 11-13--President, Dr. Cary, lately deceased;
heavier growth than the other, which is also much paler Secretary, G. Goodrich.
in color. D. M. NESBIT. Union Co., Pa. The St. Louis AG. AND MECH. Association are to open Les Asa U. Sutton, of Tecumseh, Mich., informed their next Fair on the last Monday of Sept. The leading me not long since, by letter, that he raissed in two years premium is a sweepstake prize of $1,500 for the best road- planting one hundred and thirty five bushels, good measure, ster stallion to harness. Three premiums of $600 for the of Prince Albert potatoes, from one that I gave him. If best thorough-bred bull, thorough-bred stallion and road any one has exceeded this we would like to hear from him. ster stallion to harness; $300 for the second best, and Clinton Corners, N. Y. $100 for the third best of each description of animals of- CASHMERE GOATS.—The company who are breeding fered. All the other prizes are in keeping with the former these goatson Tennessee, the papers state have recently fame of the association, and cover almost everything con- sold six of them at $1,000 each—one to Mr. Fry of Lounected with the agricultural and mechanical world, em- isiana-a pair to Dr. Cornet of Logan Co., Ky.-a pair to bracing the fine arts, the floral kingdom, &c. The premium W. E. Douglass of Texas, and one to Mr. Davis of Mecklist amounts to upward of $24,000.
A. M. U.
CHINESE SUGAR CANP..—The Cincinnatus, for last month,
UNLOADING HAY. states that R. Peters, of Atlanta, Ga., (who is one of the
Eps. Co. GENT.-In your issue of the 17th May, I see persons that first caltivated the sorghum plant in this country, and who went into the business on a large scale an article on unloading hay by L. F. Scort. In a ramble for several years, under the sanguine expectations of ulti- at New-Lebanon, Col. Co., N. Y., among the Society of mate success,) has at last given up its cultivation. He is Shakers, i came across one of the best methods of unloadsatisfied that, for cattle feed, its stalks are not superior to ing, in use by them, I ever yet have seen. Indian corn, while its seed is injurious. As a producer
Directly over the mow, is attached to the rafters a of sirup, it will not compete with the common sugar cane tackle block; and on the barn floor a similar one, a rope of in the South ; but where fuel is plenty, in some of the ample dimensions passing through these two, and on northern Stater, it may be cultivated with economy for one end is fastened what they term gang hooks. The
two hooks being connected by a few links with a swivel, this purpose.
when stretched apart will measure some five feet. Set Depti or Planting Corn.-A correspondent of the them in the load with tines inclining inwards, and conseCountry GENTLEMAN, writes to this paper under date of quently the harder the draft the better they hold. I have Bloomington, III., May 26 : "I take your recent advice to seen a yoke of oxen draw to the top of the barn, a loqd at correspondents to write whilst the matter is fresh on the three hook fulls. The upper blocks being over the middle mind. I have this week been engaged replanting corn, of the mow or bay, enables a man, to swing it at any place and am persuaded that the proper depth for planting corn is he may choose. This is the cheapest and most expeditious to be determined by the mellowness and ricliness of the method in use, of ganging hay. G. II. GREGG. ground, allowing for the dry or wet state of the weather; for poor hard soil, dry one inch ; wet, two inches; on rick
A FLY-PROOF WHEAT. loose soil, dry two inches, on wet, three inches." Hay REQUIRED FOR Cows.-Otis Brigham of West
ZANESVILLE, Ono, Joxe 16, 1860. borough, Mass., after 70 years' experience in farming, says I send you herein two heads of a fly-proof wheat, latein the N. E. Farmer, that good cows will eat on an average ly introduced into this county from Hardin county, and 20 lbs. of hay per day, when giving milk, and 15 lbs. called here the “Hardin Co. Wheat." Perhaps you may when dry—not by guess work, but tested by actual weigh- recognize the wheat, and give its proper name.
Several ing for months at a time. They will pay well for their years since, a farmer walking through liis wheat-field in keeping, by an average of 6 qts. of milk per day through Hardin county, to examine whether it was worth cutting, the year. He estimates summer pasture at 50 cents a found the midge had taken so nearly all that it was not week, and milk at 31 cents a quart.
worth cutting-indeed seemingly all gone. But he obCol. Pratt's BUTTER Dairy.—The yield per cow at this served two heads that looked full, and different from the dairy, for the year 1859, as furnished for the Journal of others. He cut them, and planted the seed in his garden. the State Ag. Society, is 164 pounds. The profit of this From this beginning has sprung this variety—so goes the department of the farm is stated at $938; the labor and story. You will observe that the wheat is smooth-red interest on capital invested $1,550.
chaff, and the caps so closely constructed as not to admit the
fly. I examined a number of fields to-day, (in a drive of SCRATCHES IN HORSES.-A. correspondent of the N. E. 14 miles,) of this wheat, and did not find the first head Farmer, says that what is called “ bright varnish," sold at destroyed by fly, while the other varieties
, Blue Stem, &c., paint shops, is a sure cure for scratches, and that he has used it for cuts on human flesh with remarkable success.
were much damaged, soine badly. I thought the information worth communicating.
Isaac Dillon, SEEDING WITH Oats.-You state that "seeding down
P: S.—The prospect for wheat in this county is good, with oats is rarely successful.” We in these parts seed as it is for all crops-grass, corn, potatoes and fruit. most of our oat ground down with grass, (clover and timothy,) and it does very well, with but few exceptions.
THREE VALUABLE RECEIPTS. It is stated in the papers that P. G. Gardiner of The following are furnished for the Country GENTLESchoharie Co., N. Y., owns a half and half Durham and man, from a source which authorises that personage to Hereford, now about 24 years old, which weighed 1,770 commend them unhesitatingly to the attention of his pounds when 28 months old.
numerous lady admirers: MIXED STOCK IN PASTURE.-In a letter to the Ohio Farmer, John Johnston gives his views on this subject
Composition Cake. one upon which considerable remark has been had in ag
One pound and a half of sugar. ricultural journals. He says: “I have found sheep to
One pound and a quarter of butter. do very well among cattle, but cattle do badly among
One pound and three-quarters of flour.
One cup of milk. sheep. Cattle do well where horses pasture, but horses
One teaspoenful of soda. will not eat what cattle leave very readily. Horses and sheep do well together, especially the sheep."
One wine-glass of brandy. Wire-Worms TRAPPEN.—The Ohio Cultivator tells of Fruit to your taste. a farmer, who spread a quantity of short straw from the
Jumbles, threshing machine on land badly infested with wire-worms,
IIalf a round of sugar. and plowed it in. It was planted to potatoes, and on dig.
Half a pound of butter. ging them in the fall, they were found uninjured by the
Half a pound of flour. worms, which were found to have crawled into the straw,
Flaror with cinnamon. one more in each piece until stopped by the joint, where
Chocolate Custard. they perished—“not having sense enough to back out, he quarter of a pound of spiced choculate. had them by the million, and was never afterward troubled One quart of milk. with them on the field.” 9 The Journal of the N. Y. State Ag. Society an
One cup of sugar. nounces that the Hon. Josinh Quincy, Jr., of Boston, has boiling. When it begins to thicken, add the eggs and sugar.
Grate the chocolate, and stir into the milk when nearly accepted an invitation from President Huntington to de- Let it boil a few minutes, stirring it' constantly. L. liver the Annual Address at the coming Elmira Fair.
The “Susquehannah and Chemung Valley Horti- BIRDS INJURIOUS TO BEES.--I have heard it recultural Society " has issued the prize list of a Summer marked that King-Birds were in the habit of destroying Exhibition, to take place at Havana, Schuyler Co., Jume large numbers of honey-bees, in fact almost feeding upon 20 and 21-President, Col. E. C. Frost ; Secretary, E. them. Is such the case, and can some bee-keeper inform P. Brooks, Elmira.
A. W. A.
J. T. A.