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THE SUFFOLK HORSES—"CHESTER EMPEROR.” grounds of the king-making Warwicks,--that we might
By turning to the account of the Suffolk (England) Ag- sometime or other indulge the American privilege of quesricultural Show, contained in our foreign correspondence, tion-asking, in respect to Agricultural matters; and we in the last volume of this paper, it will be seen that a know that our readers and ourselves would be equally insweepstakes prize of $150 open to all England, was won, terested in obtaining some information from one so well together with several other premiums, by G. D. Badham, qualified to give it—as to the breeding and improvement Esq., of Bulmer, in the adjoining county of Essex. A por- of agricultural horses in the eastern counties, and the trait of the winning horse, already notable for previous probable success with which the Suffolk Punch* would successes, was published in the July number of the Lon- bear our climate. It has been intimated that the breed don Farmer's Magazine; and we have taken the opportu- does not show the activity and nimbleness now, for which nity to re-engrave the cut for our columns, because its it was once noted. We shall be glad to know if breeders subject has been so generally and authoritatively pro- have overlooked this point in the pursuit of others, or nounced a first-class specimen of a breed most valuable to whether, on the other hand they consider it to have been the English farmer. Whether it would be sufficiently really maintained. capable of bearing our more severe extremities of heat and cold, and of showing the greater activity of which we
HOW TO MAKE BARN-YARDS. are so fond, to be worthy of general introduction among As your correspondent Tyro, has asked this question, I us, is perhaps an open question. In the head and legs, will answer it, giving my plan. First, make the yard level, often we find it exhibiting a neat, clean and “ blood-like” (large or small,) then commence in the middle and scoop appearance, unrivalled by any other beavy breed, and its out in the form of an apothecary's scale, deepest in the compact and muscular frame possesses a weight which the middle, to the depth of one foot in the deepest place.low position of the shoulder is such as to throw into the Then collect straw, leaves, old hay, bog grass, saw-dust, or collar with an immense power. We have no doubt that any thing that can be made into manure ; fill it up level, an infusion of Suffolk blood would prove an improvement with a row of mangers around the outside; then have liv?
ing water in the yard, and when you commence foddering upon our draught horses in the city, perhaps quite as much shut the bars or gate, and keep every creature in the yard or still more than in those employed strictly for agricultu- when not in the stable; then fill up with litter to give ral purposes.
them a good bed, and keep doing so until spring, and It is scarcely necessary for us to recapitulate the prizes the manure is three feet deep or more if possible.obtained by “ Chester Emperor.” He was bred by Mr. Then dispose of it as best you can. Some let it remain Badham in 1854, and won a premium as a colt in June of spring, and commence filling up again to keep the weeds
until fall and use it for top-dressing; others cart out in that year—making thus an early and auspicious entrance from growing. upon public life. He is described, in the language of our A dry yard is good for nothing to make manure in, while contemporary, as
one made from six to twelve inches dishing will always “A red chestnut horse, with a few grey hairs shot here and there be dry around the outside, and the dish will hold water through his coat. He stands spinething over sixteen hands high. He has enough for the mass above to suck from. Have good eveed for agricultural purposes." He has a strong neck and fine crest; troughs on all the buildings, to keep out all the water posgood oblique muscular shoulders, deen girth, and first rate loins
and sible. Spread the horse manure from the stable over the but good foot. He stands short on the leg; and this, with his
tine yard as fast as made. Sprinkle in ashes, plaster, muck, quarter, makes him a very lengthy-looking horse, but still with a short turf, chaff, &c., and waste nothing, and you will soon have and symmetrical cart-horses ever seen, possessing in perfection those
a pile of manure that would greatly astonish some that three leading “ points"-great strength, fine quality, and capital | (falsely) bear the name of Farmers.' L. F. Scorr. BethWe think we had a partial promise from Mr. BADILAM,
lehem, Conn. in parting after a stroll together over the castle and
• "THE SUFFOLK Punch--so called from his round, punchy form."
For some years past the dwarf plum orchard on the grounds of Ellwanger & Barry, of Rochester, has excited the admiration of all who have visited their nursery at the time of ripening. The high culture, skillful pruning, and assiduous labor in destroying the curculio, bestowed on these trees, have given results which we have never seen excelled and rarely equalled. Those magnificent varieties, the Bradshaw, Pond's Seedling, Victoria, Sharp's Emperor, and Goliath, loading the bending branches which sustain them, are a sight to view! At a recent visit, they presented as with a basket of several specimens, each of a large number of sorts; and as many of them are comparatively new, we believe it will be an acceptable service to our pomological readers to give figures and descriptions of some of the most valuable and interesting varieties,
BRADSHAW. BRADSAAW.--This is a plum of foreign origin, remarkable for its large size, productiveness, and vigorous growth of the tree-qualities rendering it eminently valuable as a market variety. It was described by P. Barry in the Horticulturist for 1855.
It is of largest size, a large portion of the specimens on thrifty trees measuring two and a quarter inches long, and an inch and seven-eighths cross diameter. It is oval in form, inclining to obovate, sometimes with a very slight neck; suture obtuse; color, dark purple, with a light blue bloom; stalk three-fourths to one inch long, set in a narrow cavity; flesh a little coarse, becoming light brownish purple, at first adhering, but nearly free from the stone when fully ripe; juicy, good, slightly acid; tree erect in growth, vigorous;
shoots purple, smooth. Ripens through the two last week's NELSON'S VICTORY.-Medium in size, roundish oval, of summer. brownish yellow, with some dull red, stone small, free, juicy good. Its origin is English; the growth is vigor.
GOLIATH.-Large and handsome, roundish oval or round. ous, and it is exceedingly productive, which, added to its ish oblong, usually larger on one side of the suture, color beautiful appearance, will make it fine for market. deep red or greenish yellow, dark purple in the sun, and
a very deep and narrow ca- Gooseberries, Currants, Raspberries, and Blackberries, vity; flesh light brownish yellow, adhering somewhat all bear at about the same period from the time of setting to the stone, juicey, rather coarse or fibrous, with a
out. Good-sized gooseberry plants, say a foot and a half brisk, sprightly flavor-"good.” English
high, will give a good crop for bushes of their size, the strong grower and very
second year. We have had a bushel of Cherry currants, productive, and bears
the third summer after setting out quite small plants, froin young-profitable.
a row thirty feet long. A bush of Brinckle's Orange raspWANGENHEIM.
.-Medium in size, oval, su
berry has been known repeatedly to bear about a hundred ture shallow but dis
berries the same year that it was transplanted—the fruit, tinct, color dark blue,
however, was not full size. stem rather short, set
Dwarf Pears of the right sorts, and under right manwithout depression;
agement, come quickly into bearing. If at the common flesh greenish yellow,
age when set out, or two years fiom the bud, the most juicy, firm, sweet, rich, "very good," partly
prolific sorts give some returns the second year, and more free from the rather
afterwards. Older trees, if carefully removed, produce large stone. This is of
larger crops—we have seen a tree of the Louise Bonne of
WITHATE German origin, and is
Jersey, six years old when transplanted, bearing a bushel a sort of prune; the
the second summer afterwards; but much care is required growth is erect, moderately vigorous, and
for removing such large trees, and they are not subsethe tree very produc
quently so thrifty as younger ones, and consequently do tive-it is one of the
not yield such excellent fruit. Among the dwarf pears best of its class.
which bear soon, are Louise Bonne of Jersey, Doyenne VICTORIA.
d'Ete, White Doyenne, Giffard, Fontenay Jalousie, JoseLarge, obovate, suture distinct,
phine de Malines, &c. The following sorts bear nearly as stem half an inch
early on pear stock, viz: Bartlett, Seckel, Winter Nelis, long, in a rather
Washington, Onondaga, Howell, Passé Colmar, Julienne. deep and narrow
Grapes afford fruit soon-usually beginning to bear the cavity; color
second and third year. The Isabella, York Madeira, Di. fine light reddish purple; fieslı yel
ana, and Delaware, are particularly recommended for this pleasant,
purpose at the North, and the Catawba may be added for "good," adhering
the Middle States, wherever it does not rot. to the stone. It
Dwarf Apples should not be entirely overlooked in the has been long
list of early bearers. Half a peck per tree is often oh. known in some parts of England
tained the third year from the most productive sorts. --stands next to
A good supply of all the preceding will be sufficient to Pond's Seedling
furnish a family with these wholesome luxuries from within in size and beauty,
a year or two of occupying entirely new premises; and and in productive
will not only add greatly to the comforts and attractions ness, and is a great grower, rather ir
of home, but contribute materially to the uniform health regular. It is dis
of the occupants. tinct from and better than Sharp's
GRAFTING CURRANTS-PAINT FOR WOUNDS, &c. Emperor.
Eps. Cult. AND Co. GENT.—I wish to inquire if the
currant can be successfully grafted ? I have some Red TO OBTAIN FRUIT IN NEW PLACES. Dutch currant bushes three years old from the cuttings,
which I wish to engrast with some of the newer varieties “I have just come into possession of a new residence, in a region next spring. Please to tell me how to do it. Should it where fruit generally does well, but there is nothing on it in the shape of a fruit tree or shrub, worthy of the name—what can I do to have an
be done early? early supply of fruit of my own? G."
I also have some fine old apple trees, thrifty and sound, This is an inquiry that often occurs in the minds of excepting that where large limbs were pruned off many many owners of new places, or who have built new houses years since, holes have rotted into the trunk large enough on unimproved spots. We can inform such residents that to hold a quart or two-can you tell me how to make a
composition for filling up these cavities? much may be done towards an immediate supply, with
Would not Bridgewater paint be excellent for covering proper selection and management—and that the assertion the wounds made by cutting off large limbs? I have used which they often hear, that "it will take a life-time to get the alcohol solution of gum shellac, but upon the whole I fruit " from a new plantation, is an absurd error.
prefer yellow ochre paint. The quickest return is from planting Strawberries. If
Should winter pears be picked early or late? Some say
pick early, others say late. I have found that when my set out early in spring, they will bear a moderate crop the winter pears are picked early, they are apt to shrivel and
We have repeatedly obtained fine ripe ber- become tasteless, dry and leathery. An answer to the ries seven weeks from the day they were set out; and in above questions through The CULTIVATOR, would greatly one instance where transplanted late with a ball of earth oblige W. D. Mass. to each plant, in less than six weeks. The second year, if The currant is rarely or never grafted, because it grows so the bed is kept clean, the product will be abundant. Wil- freely from cuttings to be successful the grafting should son's Albany will safely yield any year, a bushel from a be done very early in spring, as the currant starts soon. square rod, or about two quarts a day for half a month. The decayed portions of the apple should be cut out or
Muskmelons and Watermelons will yield their delicious shaved off, and the wounds covered with shellac, paint, products four months after planting.
grafting-wax, or with a mixture of tar and ochre applied
warm. Brickdust, or pounded dry clay sifted will do in Concords, and the Dianas along with the Isabellas, or a the place of brickdust. We do not know the character of week before. Bridgewater paint.
If, however, your correspondent is an amateur, and
wishes a good assortment for the supply of his table, I Winter pears should be picked when fully grown. If should say-leaving a place for the Logan, in case it fulgreen and insperfect, they will shrivel, or rot, and never fills its present promise-plant one vine each of Hartford ripen into melting delicious fruit. Many pronounce winter Prolific and Concord, but devote your ground chiefly to pears valueless, because they give them such poor culture the Delaware, Diana, Rebecca, and Isabella. An occathat they never properly mature.
sional taste of the Prolific and the Concord, will serve to show you the superiority of the others.
Several other grapes are now being tested in this region APPLES FROM MAINE.
—such as the Anna, Clara, Child's Superb, Louisa, King, We were kindly furnished when at the Maine State Fair, proven to warrant an opinion upon them at present.
&c.,--but their character has not yet been sufficiently by S. L. GOODALE, of Saco, with a large collection of the Clinton, N. Y.
A. D. G. specimens of apples exhibited on that occasion, a brief P. S.-If a grape can be found, which neither boys nor notice of which may be interesting to our eastern readers. birds will steal, I should advise putting that at the head
of the list. Among those of most interest were the following: Billy's Pippin.--A fine, large excellent fruit, round
STARTING BLACKBERRY CUTTINGS, ovate, smooth, handsome, shaded and indistinctly striped with rich red on fine yellow ground; the flavor sub-acid Eps. Co. GENT. AND CULTIVATOR—According to promand “very good;" worthy of further attention.
ise I send you the plan I pursued with my blackberry cutWatson's Favorite-A handsome apple, medium in tings. I had a hot-bed of fifty sash ready for cucumbers size, roundish-oblate, regular, smooth, with a fine reddish with a strong under heat. I smoothed the surface under blush on a yellow skin; flesh yellowish, juicy, flavor five sash at one end of the bed. I then spread the cutpleasant, rich, sub-acid, very good.”
tings on the surface of the bed, and covered thein about Winthrop Greening--This has been long known as one two inches with light mould, and then put on the sash and of the best autumn apples of Maine. It is large, rather tended tliem the same as the cucumbers, and in five days oblate, tapering slightly to the crown, slightly ribbed, skin they commenced coming up, and in ten days the bed was yellow with a little green, sub-acid,“ very good.” covered with briars from one to six inches high. I now
Blue Mountain Sweet-A fair fruit of medium size, took the sash off in warm and moist days, and put them roundish and slightly oblate, greenish yellow with a shade on again at night, and by April 20th I had plants eighteen of brown; flesh, fine grained, solid, flavor “very good” inches high, which was twendy days from the time I started for a sweet apple.
them; and on 220 of April I set out a few of the strongBartlett Seedling-A large, roundish, ribbed apple, est, and although there were several very hard frosts they striped and splashed with bright red on yellow skin- started and grew finely. May 9th I set out another lot flavor mild sub-acid, "good,” or perhaps “very good.” which did very well. May 20th I set out another lot
Black Oxford–This variety has already some celebrity wbich on account of the ground being too dry, about half as a long keeper—it is nearly of medium size, roundish, died—the remainder started slowly. June 1st I set out dark red; the flesh white, tinged with red, fine-grained, another lot which did well. firm, compact, moderately rich, sub-acid, "good.”
Now for the result, (Nov. 1st)—the first planting will Fayette Black-Medium in size, roundish, dark dull average four feet bigh, and very branchy and strong; the red, tender, sub-acid, pleasant and agreeable; "good," second is fully as good as the first planting; the third perhaps "very good.”
planting, what is standing, will average two feet; the last All of the preceding appear to possess considerable planting is fully as good and all standing. merit, and some are evidently quite valuable. We should To make a plantation, the cuttings should be procured esteem it a favor if our friend Goodale would furnish in the fall or fore part of winter, and tied in bunches and some further facts in relation to the new sorts, their time buried in the cellar, in order to have them ready in time;
and the hot-bed should be put up the first of March with of maturity, vigor of growth, degree of productiveness, a good strong heat, the same as for cabbage. The bed extent of culture, or whether well known or quite local, should be kept well aired and moderately moist, and the &c.
cuttings (about three inches long) spread rather thin to
make strong plants. There should be about one hundred GRAPE CULTURE IN CENTRAL NEW-YORK, plants under a sash of three by eight feet, and when the
plants get up about a foot high, the sash should be taken Messrs. EDITORS—In reply to the inquiries of your cor- off in moist or warm days, to make them strong and respondent, and in response to your own request, I will hardy; and about a week before setting out, cut them off venture an opinion in reference to the best grapes for this four inches above the ground, which will prevent wilting part of our State.
in the field, and they can also be more easily handled. If your correspondent desires to know what grapes are Plants treated as above will be ready to set out as soon as best for general market purposes, I should say, the Hart- the ground is in growing order, and will be better rooted ford Prolific, Concord, and Isabella. The Hartford Prolific than suckers, from the nursery, and can be raised for $1 bears abundantly, ripens earliest, and is quite palatable.- per hundred. Market GARDENER. Pittsburgh, Pa. The Concord follows the Prolific, only a few days behind; is large and showy, both in its berries and clusters, and
INCREASE OF STRAWBERRY PLANTS. when eaten at just the right time, is of quite good quality. The Isabella should be planted, of course; for though it The rapid increase from a single strawberry plant in the seldom becomes fully ripe, it generally becomes blue, and course of a few years, under favorable-circumstances, can quite pleasant to the taste. It is a great bearer, and pro- be hardly comprehended by one who has never observed longs the grape season after the sorts just named have this increase. There is a great difference in varieties. In passed away.
rich soils, some will occasionally produce a hundred in a I will just add here, that the Logan promises now to be single year, but calling the number but thirty, the yield an earlier grape than either of the above, and it is thought would be 900 at the end of the second year; 27,000 at will not be inferior to any of them in quality.
the end of the third; 810,000 at the end of the fourth ; The three grapes first named should be the planter's 24,300,000 at the end of the fifth ; 729,000,000 at the end main reliance. But as some people will want to buy finer of the sixth, &c. Cultivators who do not wish to pay sorts, he had better set out a few Dianas and Delawares. high prices per hundred for new sorts, may soon obtain all The Delawares will be ready for market along with the they need by increase.
The Cassabar Melon. The Flower and Kitchen Garden.
This melon belongs to the Cantaloupe family, and is, we Treatment ot' House Plants.
think, the best we have ever met with. It grows to a The wants of plants cultivated in the winter, are the large size--long in shape, frequently measuring from 16 same as in summer; they are heat, moisture, sun and air. to 20 inches in length, and corresponding in diameter. of the first they generally have too much ; of the latter The flesh is fine grained, tender and very juicy, and of a three they rarely have enough. They are most frequently greenish color. The melon from which I got my first seed kept in a room heated up to 70°, which is much too hot. was 24 inches in length. It is very productive, more so The great majority of plants will do better until they be than any variety I know of. gin to bloom, with a heat not exceeding 45° or 50°. If
I have some of the seed of this excellent melon, and I you have a room with windows facing the south or east, in would like to see it more generally cultivated. I will send which the temperature can be kept generally at 509, and a package of the seed to any person who wishes to give it never fall below 40°, your plants can probably be kept in a trial, upon the receipt of a few postage stamps to pay good health and condition, as far as heat is concerned. the postage and cost of putting up. I raise no seeds of
With regard to moisture, it is more difficult to meet the any kind to sell, but will share any kind which I have with wants of the plants. You may drench the roots with those who wish to give them a trial. water, but that is not all they want. They desire a moist
I have also a small amount of the Honey Cantaloupe, a atmosphere, which it is impossible to give them in a room very good melon, which I think ranks next to the Cassaheated either with a stove or by pipes from a hot air fur- bar melon. If my supply of the first runs out, I will nace. If, however, your plant room is so situated that it send a package of the latter instead of the Cassabar melon. receives its warmth from an adjoining room, the commu-' Curwensville, Clearfield Co., Pa.
F. A. FLEMING. nication with which may be closed at pleasure, the air may be kept much moister in all moderate weather than where
The Apple-Pie Melon. they are in a stove room. Your plants will need not only water at the roots, but they will also require frequent
I have raised in my garden, from one seed, of the Apple. waterings of the foliage, which is not only refreshing to Pie Melon, nine melons, weighing altogether 185 pounds them, but also serves an important purpose in removing the largest one weighing 45 pounds. F. A. Hort. the dust with which the leaves soon get covered, and
Germantown, near Philadelphia. which greatly obstructs the respiration of the plants.
I notice a communication from G. W. BROWER of Those with polished leaves, such as the Orange, Myrtle, Schenectady, stating that he raised several apple-pie melWax plant, Pittosporum and the like, should have the ons "averaging 26 pounds each.” My father raised four leaves frequently washed with a sponge. In watering, of the melons, the largest weighing 53 pounds, the next some discretion must be used. All plants do not require in size 38 pounds. The other two he did not weigh.the same amount. Those which are in a state of rest and “H. G. W.” wishes to know how to make pies and preconsequently not growing, need but little ; those which serves--also how to determine when they are ripe. The are in an active state of growth and blooming or forming following I take from the "American Agriculturist” for flower buds, need considerable. The soil will frequently October: "When ripe, which can be known by the melon seem to be dry in spots, when in fact it is not. Nursery. turning yellow, or the seed black, remove the seed, pare men tell when the plants need water by striking the pots and slice the flesh in small pieces, and then stew it with the knuckles, the sound being quite different when water just enough to have it like stewed apples; when the earth is moist, from that when dry. Water should done, add sugar, spices, and a little acid. Tartartic acid never be allowed to stand in the saucers.
or lemon juice, or good vinegar may be used; the latter, As to exposure to sun-light, the plant stand should be however, does not make as good a pie. A tablespoonful situated so as to receive the benefit of the whole. The of lemon juice to four pounds of melons I think the best plants should be as near the glass as possible. Light is proportion. The quantity of sugar must be in proportion the life of plants as well as of man. When grown in to the acid. Without the acid the pie is tasteless. Do darkness they are invariably spindling, weak and colorless. not put the sauce in a copper vessel.” Air should be given freely whenever the weather is Bridge Creek, Ohio.
REBECCA W. PEABODY. mild. The windows should be drawn down from the top, 80 that the cold air may not strike directly upon the subject, I will tell you of our success in raising them the
As the Apple-pie melon question seems to be an open plants.
It is almost needless to say that the utmost neatness present season. We planted a few seeds—perhaps half a should prevail in the plant-rooin. No dead leaves, stalks gill or more—in a row or two of sugar cane, the same as or decayed flower stems should be allowed to remain. soil, and has never been manured. They sprung up and
we plant pumpkins among corn. The land is a light sandy When requisite, neatly painted wires or sticks should be used to support the stems. The pots should be washed of fine large ripe melons. We weighed one the other
grew rapidly, and the result is half a wagon-load or more occasionally. There is no doubt that the trouble and care of tending quite as large.
day, which weighed 26 lbs., and many more are nearly or plants adds greatly to our enjoyment of them. Most of those who possess spacious green-houses and gardeners to
I have not yet tested them for pies, but stewed in Chi. do all the labor necessary thercin, take but little interest
nese molasses they make excellent melon-butter, or pre
IRENE COLE, in flowers, as compared with those whose labor and time have been lovingly given to the occupation.
SEEDING DOWN Young ORCHARDS.—The Gardener's The Hubbard squash has (in my opinion,) sustained its Monthly is an excellent practical paper, and we are thereeastern reputation in the west, as an A No. 1 squash,
fore surprised to see in the last number a recommendation East Desmoines, Iowa,
S. M. DYER. to seed down a young orchard the next spring after plant
ing, with orchard grass. This recommendation is the more The Feejee Tomato.
extraordinary as it immediately follows directions for the The seeds of the Feejee tomatoes sent Mrs. Gillet of management of dwarf pears. All we ask the editor, is to Ogdensburgh, have done remarkably well, and she consid- try this mode alongside the practice of keeping up a sys. ers them a fine and desirable variety-being very large, tem of broadcast cultivation by horse labor. We have the flesh being compact and firm the color of a more cherry red than other tomatoes. She sends a few seeds seen both ways tried so often, with such invariable and from the first tomatoes that ripened. They have very striking results, that we supposed the matter settled long few seeds. G.
ago with all intelligent cultivators.
G. B. H.