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HORTICULTURAL SUGGESTIONS. Table to this disaster. There are very few pears that are
not made better by such treatment. Cultivators, who gave close attention to their trees,
The Bartlett, by grounds, and gardens, early in the season, frequently for keeping it in a dark drawer for a week, will often present
a brilliant carmine cheek, when otherwise a faint brownisha get many important operations of a minor character at this season of the year. An occasional reininder may
shade only would be seen. The Bartlett will ripen well therefore be useful.
in this way, even if picked before fully grown; the Eng. Manure is the mainspring of successful growth; make lish Jargonelle, always rotten at the core if matured on Ample provision therefore for a full supply, thoroughly
the tree, becomes a good pear by house ripening.
On the other hand, a peach is never good unless fully prepared by composting. A famous horticultural estab
matured on the tree. lishment, where nothing scarcely ever fails to grow and flourislı, keeps one man constantly employed, with neces
Peach trees and late growing kinds may be budded as sary assistants , year in and year out , in manufacturing and long as the bark will peel freely. The ligatures of budy
already inserted, should be removed before they cut into mixing fine composts of various kinds.
Record the names of young or newly set fruit trees in the bark by the increased growth of the stock. 'orchards and gardens. Label them distinctly,
Seeds of fruit trees, gathered for planting, must be pre
served with some moisture, and allowed to become ter them in a book kept on purpose. Planters are often careless until the trees bear, and then they would gladly very dry, or they will vegetate tardily. This is especially know the names, but cannot find them.
necessary with cherry stones, which must be mixed with Weeds are apt to be overlooked at this time, and moist sand or peat, within a few days after taken from the allowed to ripen seeds enough for another whole season better if kept moderately moist, till subjected to frost in
fruit; and other seeds, as of apple, plum, pear, &c., are of labor in extirpating them. Remember, it is easier to winter. Novices often fail to raise chestnuts and horse dig and destroy one weed now, than a thousand next year. Cabbages , root crops, nursery rows, &c., should chestnuts
, because they allow the exterior shell to become
dry, or partly so. therefore be kept thoroughly cleaned.
Ground for the spring planting of fruit trees, should Blackberries and Raspberries should have the old
be prepared in ample season—by underdraining if necescanes cut out, that have done bearing, allowing the new canes for next year's crop a better opportunity for matur- sary, deep plowing, subsoiling, applying manure or coming and liardening.
post, &c., as the case may require. Grapes, to keep well, should be well ripened. The
TREE ROSES. main stalk of the bunch, of the Isabella, for example, should have changed to purple, as an indication of full MESSRS. EDITORS—Can you inform me what kind of a maturity. This full maturity, in the Northern States, can stock roses are budded upon to make Standard or Tree be only attained by rich and good culture and proper &c. Also what kind of plants should be in a small flower
Roses? Give the whole “modus operandi" of doing it, pruning. The thick bruslı of neglected vines bear smaller
garden, three rods long by two rods wide, to have a fine grapes, with half-ripened, acid favor, and green stalks display of Bowers during the summer 'months? Is a these will freeze more easily than fully ripened specimens, Peonia the same as what is called “Piney” in the country? and wilt if too dry, or decay if too wet, much sooner than Georgetown, o.
J. C. HARNEY. those handsomely matured.
The best stocks to bud for tree roses, are strong growing Tomatoes keep in bottles or cans more perfectly than kinds which do not sucker. The hardier sorts of the any other fruit, and with simple preparation, or brief Prairie rose, if first made to grow upright, do well for cooking. Lay in a good supply early, while the fruit is this purpose. A large number may be kept in an upright high-flavored with summer suns.
position by tying to a horizontal rod at proper hight. The Sow Lettuce and Spinach for early spring use. A Boursalts sucker too much. This is also the chief objecsnowbank makes an excellent covering for them during tion to the Manetti, an excellent stock in other respects. winter, and they may therefore be sown where snow is Tree Roses are difficult to inanage, and require skill and expected to accumulate, with the previous addition of much attention to preserve in a symmetrical form, and in brush and coarse litter, and evergreen boughs. Lettuce a vigorous state of growth and blooming. We would not may be had very early in the spring by transplanting advise our correspondent to undertake them, except for these wintered plants into the hotbed as soon as made. trial in a small way. If the beads are not as large in They will be fit to use in a few days, two or three weeks diameter as their hight, and they are not kept in a free before hotbed plants sown from seed.
growing state by good culture and pruning, they appear Seeds, of vegetables and flowers, should be gathered as meagre and unsatisfactory. It is usual to bud them three they ripen, wrapped in papers, carefully marked; adding or four feet high, and sometimes more--two or more buds the year, and placed in a dry drawer or on a shelf. Such are usually set and the shoots springing from them are seeds as do not readily shell out should be placed on cut back the second year, so as to form an evenly disspread newspapers, in a garret or on a broad shelf, and tributed head. Free growing varieties only should be allowed to remain there for a few days, or longer, as chosen—if of summer blooming sorts, a fine display can required.
be had but once in the season; the strongest growing Strawberries, not already set out, should be left till
among the hybrid perpetuals, as La Reine and Mrs. Elliott, next spring, as they cannot grow much after the present will
, with skillful pruning, make good trees, but they will time, and will be in danger of being thrown out or de
only occasionally bloom, not profusely through the season. stroyed by the frost of winter. Pears should be picked a week before they would fully and means the same thing.
The word “Piney” is a corruption of Peonia or peony, ripen on the tree, and placed in drawers or dark boxes to mature. They will thus color finer, ripen more deli- Toe Best Legacy.--No man can leavo a better legacy to ciously, and those liable to rot at the core, be far less the world than a well educated family.
Abstracts from our Exchanges. kip leather are not thus affected, but the best as well as
the poorest calf skins are subject to it. HOMES AT THE EAST.-The Homestead, in an article on
THE CATALPA FOR FENCE Posts.-Several facts are " Homes at the West,” well says that “homes in the east given in the Valley Farmer, going to show that the wood can be bought for less of labor and life, though for more of the Catalpa tree is equally as durable for fencing pur. money. Here, too, there are farms to be bought for less poses as the red cedar. It grows rapidly, may be readily than the buildings and fences cost; but the reason is to transplanted, and only needs to grow in situations protecbe found in the lack of energy, knowledge, common sense ted from high winds, (which are very apt to split and break of the old proprietors, who have in laziness or ignorance, the branches,) to attain to a large size. It is a handsome or for some other reason, allowed the land to run down, shade tree, both ir flower and foliage; it is little employed the weeds to encroach, and the need of repairs and ma
save for ornamental pianting, out of its indigenous locali. nure so to press upon them that they have not the energy ties along the Ohic River and south of that latitude, though properly to meet it. These farms are near the school and it may readily be growr. elsewhere. the church, and near the market; they can be reclaimed,
PASTCRING MEADOWS. -- An old farmer, writing to the and the old soil will respond quick to the quickening in Boston Cuitivator, gives several facts from his experience fluences of energetic, sensible husbandry. "Not a farm going to show that newly seeded clover does best when exists in Connecticut, no matter how run down, but it pastured down in the fall, and that “old fog” meadows can be renewed and restored to as great fertility as it ever never prod:ice as valuable hay as they would if fed down had, from its own resources. Here is a chance for you, moderately in autumn. The grass ought to start close to young men-fortune seekers---there is more money to be the ground, and not from the stalks left by the scythe, as made
with a less outlay of labor and life than in the in that case the sprouts do not get sap enough to support West."
them and give that quick growth that is required for good BOILED CORN FOR HOGS AND OTHER Stock.-Wm. hay. He adds also that he “never knew good corn to Van Loon, writing to the Prairie Farmer, says that he has grow on land that had been mowed several years and the practiced feeding boiled corn to his stock and hogs, and is hay carried off, and the old fog left on the land unfed.”
satisfied that he saves one-half his grain, and gains as MANURING Grass LANDS WITH STRAW.-A writer in the much more in time;" that one bushel of corn on the cob, Prairie Farmer by spreading a quantity of straw over a boiled, will produce as much pork as two fed raw, and in timothy meadow in the spring, increased the product of one-half the time. In one experiment he fed three bush hay one-third the same season, and it has been double for els of boiled corn, per day, to 27 hogs, for ten days. The two seasons since over the remainder of the field. He average gain was two unds per day. He then fed the says he had no trouble in raking the meadow with a horsesame lot of hogs on three busliels of raw corn per day for rake without disturbing the mulch, and that he has since twenty days—they gained a mere trifle over one pound per used all his coarse litter in the same way, with good results. day. These were small young hogs-larger ones would MIXED HUSBANDRY—MANURE.—A correspondent of have fattened better.
the Ohio Cultivator gives the following illustration of the Fire-Proor WASH FOR SHINGLES.—The following sim- advantages of raising animals on a farm, for the purpose ple application will no doubt prove of great value. We of the manufacture of manure. He says, if 100 acres are quote from the Albany Knickerbocker: “A wash com- occupied with 75 acres of corn and 25 of grass, about 32 posed of lime, salt and fine sand, or wood ashes, put on bushels of corn will probably be raised per acre. But if in the ordinary way of whitewashing, renders the roof 57 acres are occupied with grass and 25 with corn, the fifty fold more safe against taking fire from falling cinders increased manure, and one half the total amount of labor, or otherwise, in cases of fire in the vicinity. It pays the will give 99 bushels of corn per acre-just as much as expense a hundred fold in its preserving influence against before-with a great increase of stock, the land every the effect of the weather. The older and more weather year becoming more fertile. beaten the shingles, the more benefit derived. Such GREEN Corn As A MANURE.- A farmer in Bucks Co., shingles generaliy become more or less warped, rough and Pa, a few years since, made some experiments going to cracked; the application of the wash, by wetting the up- show the value of growing corn for manurial purposes. per surface, restores tiem at once to their original or first On a field of forty-seven acres-part of a farm which had form, thereby ciosing the space between the shingles, and been rented for more than ten years, and had become as the lime and sand, by filling up all the cracks and pores most rented farms do, very much impoverished-he sowed in the shingle itself, prevent it from warping for years, if ten acres to corn in July, at the rate of two bushels per not for ever."
It was left to grow until about four feet high, and COMPOSTS OF SEAWEED, MUCK AND MANURE.—The fol- then plowed under about ten inches deep. No manure lowing hint (which we find without credit) will be of in. was put on this part, but the remainder of the field was terest to fariners on the coast, and worthy of the attention heavily manured, and the whole sown to wheat. The crop of all who can put it in practice: “Let the fariner take averaged 34 busliels per acre, that on the ten acres fully four parts of rockweed to two parts of barnyard manure, equal to that dressed with manure. We believe that lime two parts of muck, have them thorong!ıly
mixed by swine, was applied to the whole field before sowing on the grain then piled up to leat, and he can produce more from his assisting with the deeper plowing, very materially in rofarm, and at one-half the expense, than he can by using storing the soil to a highly productive state. any of the high-sounding fertilizers. On five-eighths of CULTURE OF WINTER BARLEY.-J. Mackelcan of Hamil. an acre I cut three tons of hay the first crop. It was done ton, C. W., describes in the Genesee Farmer, the method by applying this compost. I would not plow in manure of growing winter barley practiced by a farmer in that to raise grass, more than three inches; but dress it with a section, and formerly in England. He plows a clean wheat light top-dressing every year, and then have thus grown stubble, rather shallow, immediately after harvest; har. large crops of hay,"
rows it, and lets it remain until the weeds in the soil bave EFFECT OF AGE on LEATHER.—The Scientific Ameri- grown up; then manures it heavily. The manure is spread can says that calf-skin leather, instead of improving in and plowed in six or seven inches deep the middle of quality with age (as generally supposed) when made into September, ridging it up into lands twelve to eighteen feet boots, deteriorates rapidly. It is subject to a species of wide. He sows and harrows in the seed the first week in dry rot, and in the course of three years becomes as ten-October-not earlier; two and one-half bushels per acre der as brown paper. It first appears at the edge near the is the proper quantity: Put in this way, he thinks it less soles, in the form of a black glossy sweat, resembling var- liable to winterkill than wheat, and far more profitable nish, gradually proceeding over the whole.” Grease, we than spring barley. are further informed, rather accelerates than arrests this IF The Ag. Society of the Muskingum Valley holds decay; sole leather endures much longer under constant its show this year at Zanesville, Ohio, Sept. 18-21; Presi. use than when iaid away in a dry situation. Cow skin and Ident, Valentine Best-Secretary, F. A. Seborn.
them up, and should not know where to look for our money.
In general, however, we presume payment is made upon THE CULTIVATOR. delivery, but the great fact which crops out" most
strongly above, is that the power and public confidence
are there with the Farmer, whose standing for probity, ALBANY, N. Y., AUGUST, 1860.
uprightness, and justice, or even generosity, in dealing with others is certainly unsurpassed by that of any other class
in the community. The writer met incidentally with one We give elsewhere as complete a list as our pre- or two cases, in which farmers whose contracts turned out sent data will afford, of the Agricultural Shows and Meet- unusually well for themselves in comparison with the reings of the coming Autumn. Will our friends oblige us sults to the buyer, voluntarily relinquished a part of the by furnishing such additions and corrections as they can, advantage for the benefit of the latter; and, while we in order that we may, if possible, hereafter incorporate have also known of similar instances in this country, we rewith it all the other county and district Fairs to be held gret that we cannot regard the strictures of our contemthroughout the country? This end can be brought about porary as wholly unfounded or uncalled for with respect if every reader will take the pains to supply any omissions to the dealings that take place among far too large a part or correct any errors that he may now discover.
of our farmers. Our list is especially defective in several of the Eastern States, in Pennsylvania, and at the South.
PROSPECTS OF THE Elmira Fair.—We are glad to know
At the west we have somewhat fuller returns, but there must be many ful Show at Elmira. Secretary Johnson says, in the State
that the prospects are now good for a thoroughly success. omissions in all the States, unless it is Ohio, in which we think there cannot be many lacking. Several counties in Society's Journal, that according to present indications this State are not yet set down, and we have almost noth-it. Already notices of exhibiting stock, implements, &c.,
“the exhibition will be equal to those that bave preceded ing at all from several of the British Provinces. Imperfect as this list is, however, it is a more complete than they were last year at this time." The Prize List
from different portions of the State are more numerous one than we have ever yet seen published, and with the contains a new feature" For the first time, the Execuaid of our friends, as above requested, it can be greatly tive Committee have offered a prize for the best bull, cow perfected with little farther difficulty. Over Four Hundred Fairs are already embraced in it.
or heifer, in the five leading breeds—Short-Horns, Devons,
Herefords, Ayrshires, and Alderneys-open to prize aniMARKET DAYS.
mals, heretofore receiving the first prize; to Anierican At present we believe sales by samples are quite out of the question. bred and imported stock. Already we have assurances has heen discussed, and we are ashamed to say that their estimate of to any heretofore exhibited will be on the ground, from
In conversation with some of our merchants, recently, this subject that this prize will be contended for; and animals equal them tell of the most astonishing disregard of contracts and engage: our own as well as from other States." ments, and give reason enough for their distrust. This they say will be long a difficulty in the way of establishing market fairs where grain Homestead for the cattle disease in Massachusetts, to distinguish it
PULMONARY OR LUNG MORRAIN, is a name given by the Editor of the and
produce can be sold by sample, and we fear it is so. Of course from the common PLEURO-PNEUMONIA, which is a different disease, all admit the punctilious honor and honesty of many, but still assert the reverse as a general rule.
and not contagious. So says the Homestead in commenting upon the subject We can see no object in thus complicating matters; at our head. We may mention an instance illustrative of this disease is popularly known as the Pleuro-pneumonia the fact that in Great Britain the relative position of the (or “the Pleuro” for short,) throughout Great Britain, and Fariners and the Merchants, is exactly the reverse of what it can only be a source of confusion to christen it differit generally is in this country. The "merchant,” as we ently here. The common Pleuro-pneumonia” bas its call him, who keeps the country store, is there looked upon aliases already—as “inf.ammation of the lungs" for inas a tradesman or shopkeeper, and if there is any differ- stance, or simply Pneumonia, which seem quite sufficient ence between his social rank and that of the farmer, it is for purposes of distinction. most decidedly in favor of the latter. We regret to say CHESS IN WHEAT.- Doct. Crane of Franklin, handed into this office that the common feeling here is too generally of quite the last weeke several stalks of wheat, the root of which was produced by opposite kind; and, until the self-respect of the farmer car of chess, each distinctly and fully formed and developed. Ithns been be elevated, he will not overcome the difficulty of keep- grain: but here is proof positive that it does, for in this instance one ing his sons at home instead of seeing them go away from and the same kerne has produced both. The curious in such matters the farm into any kind of mercantile or peddling trade can see this sample by calling at the Democrat office. that comes along.
We copy the above from the Portage (Ohio) Democrat The same feeling that prevails as to the relative standing of August 8, for the purpose of saying that the statement
cannot be true. A careful examination will show that the of the two classes, is in Great Britain carried out with regard to their relative reputation for “punctilious honor chess and wheat have no natural connection with each and honesty,” and the instance of this referred to in the other, and that each proceeds from its own root. foregoing paragraph, is the following:—The farmers in
LEADING ENGLISH MANUFACTURERS OF AGRICULTURAL the Lothians who make their sales in Edinburgh, not only IMPLEMENTS. — The North British Agriculturist, in an ardispose of their crops by sample, which it is intimated ticle on the Canterbury Show, gives an estimate of the that buyers here dare not do, but they actually receive amount of business done by several of the leading firms, their money on the credit of the sample and in advance who do not this year exhibit
. We quote, changing pounds of the delivery of the grain. The writer, in conversation into dollars :—The firms absent are Messrs. Clayton & with that excellent model farmer, Mr. Hope of Fenton Shuttleworth, who produce annually agricultural impleBarns, was inquiring in regard to the Edinburgh Markets, ments and machines to the value of $1,500,000; Messrs. and was told that the farmers about there take up their Garrett & Sons, Ransomes & Sims, and Hornsby & Son, samples, sell whatever quantity they choose to offer, pocket who each produce annually to the value of $500,000); the cash, and do not deliver the grain sold until their re- Howard to the value of $450,000 w $500,000; Tuxford, turn home. Asking how purchasers liked this arrange- Barret & Exall, and Samuelson, who each manufacture to ment, the answer was that they had often attempted to the value of $350,000; Henry Clayton, to the value of change it, but the farmers were too strong for them," $250,000 ; Smith Whitehead, of Preston, H. &. E. Cross"We are known," was the reply, in effect, "as occupants kill, and one or two others, to the value of $100,000 to of so much land, where we are always to be found if we $150,000. “The absent firms exhibited one-third of the should not live up to our bargains, there we are, and the entire money value of the whole implement department at remedy is in the bands of the law.' But what do we know Warwick." about the corn-brokers! If they are at their stands to- 7 In some recent Notes about Farming in Franklin day they may meet with misfortunes and be unable to pay Co., Mass., the production of Butter and extent of Stock what they owe us, to-morrow—at lenzt we caz': !!!ceding in thic loma of Greenfield were particularly re
ferred to. We are now informed that the amount of operations of a newly made Ketchum mower, on the farm Butter sent from Greenfield Station to Boston, for the of J. B. Shurtleff, near Boston, where over an acre was year ending July 15, 1860, reached a total of 201,076 cut at the rate of an acre in twenty-four minutes. The Ibs., equal to 100 1576-2000 tuns. The number of cars grass was a ton and a half to two tons per acre, and the of stock sent to Cambridge during the year, was 242; of weather excessively hot and close. On the previous day, which 142 were sheep, averaging 12,780 sheep; 100 were which was cool, the same team and machine is reported to cattle, averaging 1,500 cattle; total 14,280.
have cut an acre in fifteen minutes. UNLOADING HAY.-Can you give me the post-office ad
The knife bar was six feet long, and the swath averaged dress of Mr. G. H. GREGG. In the July no. of The Cul- five feet and six inches-requiring three swaths to make TIVATOR, on page 228, Mr. Gregg describes a mode in use a rod wide. Consequently, a mile and a balf must be among the Shakers of New-Lebanon, of unloading hay by travelled for each acre; and in cutting the acre in 24 means of hooks, which strikes me as being superior to the minutes, as above stated, the speed of the team, including horse-fork, both as to the casement and dispatch. I have all stoppages, must have been three miles and three-quarused a horse-fork now two seasons, and for me, (being a
ters per hour; and in cutting the same amount in fifteen light man,) I find it hard work tó govern the fork as it minutes, as reported, the average speed, also including rises heavily loaded, and rather dangerous, when unload-stoppages, must have been six miles an hour. Is there ed, of bitting the man on the mow when the stale falls. not some mistake in the statement? I wish to address Mr. Gregg, to get the dimensions of the LARGE PREMIUMS.—The Directors of the Livingston hooks, that I may get them made, for I feel sure that they County Agricultural Society offer the following premiums, will be better for me than the horse-fork. John Moore. to be competed for at their Annual Cattle Show in GeneOxford, N. Y. (We are unable to give Mr. G.'s address, seo, occurring September 26, 27 and 28:but the above may perhaps draw out the information want- Best thorough bred Durham Bull, 3 years old or over,...... ed by our correspondent.]
Best 2 years old Durham Bull.. 7 Drs. A. S. COPEMAN, of Utica, and H. Moore, of The Awarding Committee consists of Hon. A. B. Dickin
Competition is open to the United States and Canada. are announced by the President and Secretary of our State son, Hon. James S. Wadsworth and Hessrs. Freeman,
Barber and Blake. Society, pursuant to the Resolutions passed at the last ineeting of the Board and published in our columns,“
" to WHEAT FROM THE North LATER IN RIPENING.-A far. attend to any requests in relation to the cattle disease, mer in Pennsylvania, thinking that seed wheat from the should it appear in our State, and persons desire advice." North, like seed corn, would ripen earlier when taken We do not anticipate that they will have many calls from South, last year procured several bushels from Canada, two this source upon their time, but we publish their addresses, hundred miles north, and sowed it at the same time with as being well qualified with reference to the Pleuro-pneu-home-grown sorts. it ripened, according to the Genesee monia, in order that if any of our readers suspect the Farmer, two weeks later than the native seed, as we might presence of the disease they may know to whom they may reasonably expect. refer with confidence.
North CarolinA.--- A correspondent in New Hanover It may be remarked, in connection with this subject, county, writes us that there is a decided spirit of improvethat the Vermont State Society, in common with many in ment among farmers, manifest in that county, and that the the Eastern States, have determined to offer no cattle County Ag. Society have purchased a beautiful sight for premiums this season. As a measure of precaution their Fair grounds on the plank road near Wilmington, throughout New-England, this is very well, but we see lit- and will soon commence the erection of the necessary tle reason for hesitation as to exhibiting cattle anywhere buildings, &c., to put their grounds in order for the com. in New-York or other States. Our western friends in ing Fair. That portion of his letter in relation to the chief some localities appear to be exerting themselves some crop of his vicinity will be published next week. what to excite apprehensions--wholly without any reasonable cause so far as we can discover. Elsewhere the IF We are indebted to a friend who arrived last week "panic" has apparently had its course. A correspondent by the Persia, and who was present at the recent Paris writes us under date of Greenfield, Mass., July 30: "The Agricultural Show, for a copy of the Prize List and Catacattle discase undoubtedly exists yet in Worcester county, logue of the Exhibition, which certainly deserves a brief but it has never been west of the Connecticut river." notice in these columns, although we have not the space
at command to give anything like a just idea of the extent 17" Public attention was first called to the importance of the ground covered, and the apparent perfection atof fast walking horses for Agricultural purposes, we tained in all the arrangements and regulations concerned. think, through the columns of the Co. Gent., and the
The Catalogue contains 650 pagés half the size of those suggestion made that our Societies should offer prizes of the Co. Gent., in paper cover, with large plates folded having in view the encouragment of this particular object. in, representing plans At the last meeting of the Executive Committee of our 'Industrie where the Exhibition was held—the whole
the grounds, and of the Palais State Ag. Society, a communication was presented from sold at the marrellously low price of one franc (20 cts.) Lewis B. Brown, Esq., of New York, a life member of the Seventy odd pages are filled with the decrees establishing Society. placing at their disposal the sum of $25 for pre- the prizes and regulations, together with the names of miums of this kind—a public spirited offer which was at officials. Then follow Les Especes Chevaline et Asine oncc accepted by the Board, and, at the Elmira Fair the (Horses and Asses) to the number of 788, divided into sum of $15 will therefore be awarded for the best and English blood, Arabian blood, and Anglo-Arabian blood fastest span of matched horses or mares, and $10 for the horses; half-bloods for Coach-Horses, comprising Normans best and fastest walking horse, mare or gelding. We and other French breeds classified according to the Delearn that Mr. Brown has also offered a similar amount to partments from which they come; "light" carriage horses, be awarded at the National Horse Show at Springfield, and heavy and light drauglit borses in similar classificaMass , the first week in September.
tion, concluding with the breeds of Asses of Poitou and VELOCITY OF Mowing MACHINES.—Mowing machines the Pyrenees. The entries of Cattle are 1,475 in num. usually cut on an average a strip of grass a little over four ber--the pure French races, followed by the Durbams and feet wide. The kuife is longer, but the driver cannot use Ayrshires as representatives of England, then the Holland its whole breadth without danger of leaving an uncut strip. and Swiss breeds in classes by themselves, then every imIf the speed of the horses, therefore, average two miles aginable cross of the Short-Horn, concluding with othor an hour, including stopping to clear obstructions, turning, mixed bloods. The entries of Sheep were 548; of Swine, &c., just one acre will be cut in an hour. In ordinary 243; of Poultry, (a few goats included,) 921; of Bees, 1; practice, the various delays reduce the amount to nearer under the head of Instruments, 3,976, including not only ari acre in two hours. We observe, however, in the last all sorts of implements, but also books, plans and engray. number of the New-England Farmer, an account of the ings; of " Products ” 3,615, under which head come Bat
S. W. R.
ter and Cheese, Wines, Grains, Vegetables, Tobacco, and gate more minutely the anatomy of an animal in which so almost every sort of agricultural production, whether in great pecuniary interests are involved, as in the Ox. the raw or manufactured state. The whole concludes with a list of five or six hundred samples of Algerian products. ram hired at bis last Letting, and subsequently purchased,
We learn from Mr. WEBB that the South-Down We have made no calculation of the aggregate amount by Mr. J. C. Taylor of New Jersey, is the one which he of the prizes offered, but when we say that first prizes for exbibited at the Royal Ag. Society's Canterbury Show, horses run from 800 up to 1500 francs, ($160 to $300,) and which there received the first prize of £20. first prizes for cattle from $100 to $140, and for sheep and swine from $60 to $80, it will readily be seen that
The Philadelphia (Pa.) Society for Promoting with so many classes the amount could not have been by Agriculture, is to have an exhibition this year, September any means a trifling one.
26-28, at Powelton, near that city-Dr. A. L. Kennedy, The Potato Disease.—It has already indicated its pre
Secretary. The following Premium is a new feature:
The Society has been authorized by Elias BOUDINOT, Esq., a mem. sence among us. Some two weeks since our tops showed her, to offer a premium of Fifty Dollars for the best display of RUSsigns of affection, but the cessation of rains for that time TIO SEAT$, for the Piazza or Lawn, to be competed for hy young has stayed the progress of the disease in a good degree. handsome premium will attract many competitors. Some early kinds have rotted, and all our different varie- es" The Premium List of the Albany Co. Ag. Society ties are plainly predisposed to the malady. All that seem is now ready for distribution—show on the Washington ed necessary to hasten the terrible calamity was rain, and Parade Ground in this city, Sept. 18–21. President, Wm. we are this-Monday-morning, getting a plentiful shower, Hurst; Secretary, Jacob C. Cuyler. and may now look for the work to progress with fearful rapidity. Strange disease! this potato rot.
9 The Second Circular of the Maryland Agricultural
Who shall satisfactorily explain its causes ?
College, for which we are indebted to some attentive friend, Clinton, Oneida Co., Aug. 13.
contains the Catalogue of Students at its First SessionMr. Obed Hussey, of Baltimore, the inventor of ed fairly under way. Pleasantly and accessibly located, it
nearly seventy in number, so that it may now be considernumerous improvements in Agricultural implements and will undoubtedly become a favorite with parents in all the machinery, but best known from the Reaper which bears Southern States, and we notice that the two Carolinas, bis name, recently lost his life at Exeter, N, H., by falling Virginia, Georgia, Delaware, the District of Columbia and between the railway cars, bis seat in which he had left for Pennsylvania, are already represented among the pupils. the purpose of procuring a glass of water for a little child Hon. Cias. 'B. CALVERT is President of the Board of near him who complained of thirst. Mr. H. was a native Trustees, and Dr. MONTGOMERY Johns, of the Faculty of of Maine it appears, and was on his way thither upon a
Instructors. visit. He was 68 years of age, and a worthy member of the Society of Friends. We have had few more persistent shown us some very handsome Hollyhock blooms raised
Mr. J. WESLEY Jones of Chatham 4 Corners, bas and industrious inventors, but many who with less desert by him the present season, including among others the have been more the favorites of fortune.
following sorts :—Solfaterre, Pink Perfection, Purple DeREAPING MACHINES IN FRANCE.—The results are now fiance, Pride of Denmark, Floral Beauty. before us of the Imperial Trial of Reaping Machines at “The Register of Rural Affairs” for 1861 will Fouilleuse the first week in August. "It was in every soon be out. way an important one," writes the Mark-Lane Express, "whether we take the English firms, as represented on
WATER FOR Bees.-Aceording to a recent work on the occasion, or in comparison with the French manufac- Bee-Keeping, when bees are building comb rapidly they
When a supply is not contures brought out to oppose them. The entries reached require a great deal of water.
venient to the hive, it recommends to make a shallow to thirty-nile, and the nineteen English included Burgess trough, and put in a lot of gravel
, sand, and the like, and and Key's M'Cormick; Cranston's Wood; Bell's; and Cuthbert's ; while there were five of the French. In renew the water daily, leaving the gravel and stones part60 bad a condition, however, was some of the crop, that ly exposed, so that the bees can get at the water without only two machines got through their work in good time
tear of being drowned. Burgess and Key, and Dr. Mazier. The award was ultimate
LEICESTERS vs. COTSWOLDS.—The owner of a large ly thus declared : 1st prize and grand medal of honor as the stock farm in Canada, who gives much attention to these best of all machines tried-Burgess and Key; 2d prize-- two breeds of sheep, las nearly two hundred Leicesters, Cuthbert; 3d prize-Wood. French machines: 1st prize- all descended from Bakewell's flock, and several of them Dr. Mazier; 2d prize not awarded; 3d, Legendre. The imported directly from that celebrated breeder. AccordEmperor himself was present at the trials, and evinced ing to a notice in the Genesee Farmer, his Leicester ewes much interest in examining the several implements at generally produce two lambs each year; "he gives them work."
the preference to the Cotswolds, and estimates that he can FATTENING CATTLE ON EARLY Cut Hay.-A writer in ber of Leicester ewes, as he can in three years from the
obtain as much mutton in two years from a certain numthe Boston Cultivator, says that “John Ball, of Langdon,
same number of Cotswolds. He thinks they consume less has fattened cattle every winter, for more than twenty years past, on no other feed than hay."
grass than the common sheep, and finds an acre of good commences baying about the 20th of June, and reserves grass will keep ten of his sheep throughout the summer.” the bay first cut, for feeding that portion of his stock in. His sheep are wintered on pea straw and turnips—of the.
latter he grows annually about ten acres, averaging 1,200 tended to be sold for beef in the spring. Hay allowed to
bushels ripen its seed is of very little value; though the whole there is some reason to doubt whether there are sheep in
B. [As Mr. Bakewell died in 1795, should be eaten by stock, the seed remains undigested, Canada or elsewhere," imported directly from that celeand therefore furnishes no nutriment.
brated breeder.”] By We are indebted to Dr. ANDREW MCFARLAND, Jacksonville, Ill., for a copy of his Report as Commissioner AMERICAN Glimpses oF AGRICULTURE IN GREAT BRITAIN. By ICTER from that State to investigate the Massachusetts Pleuru- New York State Agricultural Society. A pamphlet, 58 pages, 8 ro. pneumonia cases. The Country-outside, at least, of the Mr. Tucker has furnished a very interesting account of his districts which have been the sufferers—will not be with observations upon British Agriculture, made during a recent out cause for thankfulness in this Cattle Disease attack, if tour, to the Transıctions of the N. Y. Stato Agricultural Soit should have the effect of cailing more general attention ciety. His letters to the Country Gentleman bare ew bodito the importance of some thorough veterinary knowledge pact and convenient form for reading and reference. Few on the part of Farmers themselves, and of a higher stand-persons have ever written from observation upon the agriculard among those who practice as “Cattle Doctors." Noriure of any country, who have in so excellent a general view, will it do any harm that many members of the Medical given so many desirable details or so much of valuo, in equal Profession should have been lead, like Dr. M., to investi-counpass.-Hartford Homestead,
and Treasurer of the