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EMERY'S. PORTABLE CIDER AND

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WINE MILL AND PRESS.
The above cut represents the most approved Cider and Wine Mill
and Press in use.
These Mills have been extensively and successfully introduced for
the past four seasons, and such improvements as experience has sug.
gested, have, from time to time, been adopted, making them, without
question, the most complete Mills—in all their parts and operations-
extant,

Retail Price, Complete, $50.
Manufactured and for sale, wholesale and retail by

EMERY BROTHERS, Albany Agricultural Works,
Aug. 30--W&mit.

62 & 64 State-st.. Albany, N. Y. RAPEVINES! GRAPEVINES!! Large stock of the most desirable rts. Send for a Catalogne, The subscribers offer for sale a large and well grown stock of GRAPEVINES at reduced prices, consisting of the following, and other good sorts, all propagated from genuine stock: Delaware, Diana, Concord, Hartford Prolific, Rebecca, Union Village, Anna, Logan, Oporto, &c. Also the older sorts, such as Isabella, Clinton, Catawba, and Forsyth. Sort for culture under glass, of best sorta. Two hundred acres of FRUIT TREES in large or small quantities. Greenhouse Plants, Hardy Border Plants, Bulbous Roots, Roses and Dahlias in great vari. ety, Hedge Plants, Strawberry Plants, Raspberry of Everbearing, and other good sorts. Address

W. T. & E. SMITH, Sept. 1-w&m2mos.

Geneva Nursery, Geneva, N. Y. ERKSHIRE PIG S-Finely bred from

different importations of pure blood, for sale at moderate prices by

W. H. CLAY, Aug. 16--W&mt*

82 Wall.st., New York.

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Comprising the Breeds, Breeding, and Management in Health EMERY'S PATENT

and Disease, of Dairy and other Stock; the selection of Milch Cows,

with a full explanation of Guenon's Method, the Culture of Forage RAIL ROAD HORSE POWER

Plants, and the production of Milk, Butter and Cheese ; embodying

the most recent improvements, and adapted to Farming in the Cnited AND OVERSHOT Threshing Machine and Cleaner Combined, bandry of Holland; to which is added Horsfall's system of Dairy

Management. By

CHARLES L. FLINT. Secretary of the Massachu: MANUFACTURED BY

setts Board of Agriculture; Author of "A Treatise on Grasses and EMERY BROTHERS,

Forage Plants," &c. Liberally Illustrated.

The above valuable work-the best, we have no hesitation in saying PROPRIETORS OF THE

yet issued upon the subject—is for sale at the office of this paper. Albany, Jan, 1--w&mtr.

L. TCCKER & SON.
ALBANY AGRICULTURAL WORKS.
Nos. 62 & 64 State Street,

One Vol. 12 mo.--Price $1,50.
ALBANY, N. Y.

AMERICAN WEEDS AND USEFUL PLANTS

-Being a 2d and Illustrated edition of Agricultural Botany : an The above machines are put up in the most substantial manner, and enumeration and description of useful plants and weeds, which merit of the best materials, and warranted without equal in points of sim. the notice or require the attention of American agriculturists. By plicity, efficiency and ease of operation, and capable of doing more Wm. Darlington, M. D. Every Farmer or Farmer's Son who wishes and better work, without waste of grain, than any other Two Horse to know the names and character of the plants growing on his farm, Machine in market.

should study this book. For sale at the office of the Co. Gent, and Price of above machines in setts complete,

$250.00
Cultivator.

L. TUCKER & SON. the Two borse Power, Emery's Patent,

120.00 do. Threshing Machine and Cleaner combined, .. 130.00

TRUE DELAWARE GRAPEVINESdo. sett of Bands and Extras, nett,....

5.00 do. Elevator for Tailings, (always an extra charge) 10.00

Village, Anna, Clara, and other new varieties. Wilson's Albany For further particulars and descriptions, see the recently pub. Strawberry, Kirtland Raspberry, &c. GEORGE W. CAMPBELL, lished ILLUMINATED CATALOGUE of the ALBANY AGRICULTURAL Dec. 13-w9mos.

Delaware, Obio.

do.

W Mom Boer PRINCESSE CO. EL USHING, W. EIGHTHONATIONAL EXHIBITION.

IN

cacticed the blchet gue he entreprise cot be used in COOK'S PORTABLE SUGAR EVAPORATOR,

SI

now offer Bulbous Flower Roots, and Tree and Herbaceous

AT CINCINNATI, , Pæonies, &c., comprising more than 100.000 roots grown by them. selves, and comprising every class of the most select and beautiful

The UNITED STATES AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY will hold its varieties. Also a collection imported from Holland. A Descriptive Eighth Annual Agricultural and Industrial Exhibition on the grounds Catalogue will be sent to applicants. A Wholesale Catalogue of Bulbs liberally provided by the citizens of Cincinnati, which are to be fitted is also ready for Dealers. 160 splendid varieties, surpassing any other collection in Europe or IMPLEMENTS, MACHINERY, TOOLS, DOMESTIC MANUFACSTRAWBERRIES,

-The new Catalogue is now ready, and comprises up in the best style. There will be Halls and Tents for the display of America.

TURES, FARM AND GARDEN PRODUCE, PRUITS. FLOWERS, The New Catalogue of Grapes is nearly ready, comprising 320 Amer. and NATIVE WINES; with Stalls and Pens for HORSES, CATTLE, ican and 120 Foreign Varieties,

The other Catalogues are-No. 1. Frult and Ornamental Trees and SHEEP, and SWINE; and an unequalled Track, one mile in length
Shrubs. No. 2. Roses and all classes of Flowering, Plants. No. 4. and forty feet in width, for the exhibition of Horses. The Premiums
Wholesale Catalogue of Trees, &c., for Nurseries. No. 8. Wholesale offered-in cash--gold, silver and bronze medals-diplomas and cer.
Catalogue of Grapes. No. 13. Catalogue of Green-house Plants.
Aug. 9-w&mit.

tificates, amount to

$ 20,000. NVENTION TRIUMPH ANT!

The Exhibition will remain open from Wednesday, the 13th, to
Thursday, the 20th, of September, thus giving time to examine and

test the implements and machinery, The Cost of Draining Reduced One-Half For premium list or information, apply at the Office of the Society,

No. 356 Pa. avenue, (up stairs) Washington, D. C., or to the subscriber, BY THE USE OF

at Cincinnati, Ohio.

BEN. PERLEY POORE. CALLANAN'S DITCH DIGGER AND SUBSOILER.

Aug. 2w6t.

Sec'y U. S. Agricultural Society. PRICE, with wheels, axle-tree and reversable tongues, $50. Satis. connection with the Ditcher-just the thing -Price $1.50. Address

D, CALLANAN

For Making Sorghum Sugar. June 21-w13tm3t. Callanan's Corners, Albany Co., N. Y. The most Rapid Evaporator in the World:

DISPENSES WITH CLARIFYING AGENTS, AND TEEL PLOW S.-We are manufacturing

IS A PERFECT SELF DEFECATOR. for the spring trade large numbers of our Mohawk Valley Clipper Plows with steel mold-board and land-side, with steel or cast point, as desired, and would refer you to the following persons, who have them in use:

John Johnston, Geneva, N. Y.
J. Ingersoll, Ilion, N. Y.
Wm. Summer, Pomaria, s. C.
R. C. Ellis, Lyons, N. Y.
Col, A. J. Summer, Long Swamp, Florida.
A, J. Bowman, Utica, N. Y.
A. Bradley, Mankato, Minesota
F. Mackie, Utica, N. Y.

We are also manufacturing Sayre's Patent Horse Poe and Potato Covering Machine, Sayre's Patent Cultivator Teeth in quantities for the trade; and all kinds of steel and swage work in the agricultural line. Send for a circular,

SAYRE & REMINGTON,
Jan. 26-wtr Mar. 1-mt, Union Agricultural Works, Utica, n. Y.
A ,

Is the only one which removes certain gummy mattters which would CORNER CLINTON AVENUE AND Knox STREET, ALBANY, N. Y.

otherwise prevent granulation, and hence is The Subscribers, being the most extensive manufacturers of DRAIN. The only Machine which makes Sorgham Sagar sucING TILE in the United States, have on hand, in large or small

quan.

cessfully! tities, for Land Praining, ROUND, SOLE and HORSE-SHOE TILE, warranted superior to any made in this country, bard-burned, and

It is simple, portable, takes but little fuel, and never fails to give

perfect satisfaction. over one foot in length. Orders solicited. Price List sent on application. 0. & W. McCAMMON.

Prices, &c., of Evaporator. Jan. 5—wtl.-Feb 1-mtl.

Albany, N. Y.

No. 2–Pan 45 by 72 inch. galvanized iron, $45; same size copper, $65.
No. 3-Pan 45 by 90 do.

do. 55; do.

do.

75. do.

do. €5; do, do. 85.

WEIGHT WITHOUT BRICK. CAPACITY FOR BOILING GOOD CANE, JUICE. FAN MILLS.

No. 2—245 pounds.

No. 2-about 2 barrels per hour. No. 3-280 pounds.

No. 3-about 3 barrels per hour. They will chas and screen wheat in passing through the mill once, No. 330 pounds.

No. 4-about 4 barrels per hour in the most perfect manner, and all kinds of grain and seed. Warranted the very best in use.

:: Operates admirably;"-American Agriculturist. Patent Rights for sale of all the Western States.

Entire success."-Cleveland Plaindealer.
Address
I. T. GRANT & CO.,

Very valuable invention."-Scientific American.
May 1-m12t

Junction, Rensselaer Co..

N. Y. "Makes actual veritable sugar."-N. Y. Tribune,

"The most successful."-Ohio Cultivator. A Book for Every Parm-House.

“Working wonders."-Milwaukie Democrat.

The following are the names of a few of the many who have made MOUNTRY LIFE-A Handbook of Agri- this actual, veritable sugar," equal in appearance and flavor to the Copeland. Beautifully Illustrated. Price, common edition, $2-Fine, H. Mansfield, Lexington, O.; Enoch Payne. Springfield, Ill. ; O. N. $3. For sale by L, TUCKER & SON, Co. Gent, office, Albany. Brainard, Marion, lowa; Isaac Karsner, Florida, O.; J. Q. Beattie,

Defiance, 0. i John Richards, Tecumseh, Mich. ; John Reed, Mang. A W TON BLACKBERRY.-To Held, O.; W. Corothers, Lexington, 0.; E. 8. Raker, Locust Corner,

, &c., &c. obtain the original variety for field or garden culture, address Send for Circular to BLYMYERS, BATES & DAY, WM. LAWTON, New Rochelle, N. Y. July 20-w&mtf.

Mansfield, Ohio. IT Circulars, with ample directions, will be forwarded to all appli. cants, free,

Aug. 1-m12t.

CHENECTADY AGRICULTURAL WORKS.
GRANT & C O., PATENT

The Proprietors of these Works manufacture
GRAIN CRADLE.

LEVER POWERS for from Four to Eight Horses. They are so improved as to be taken down and packed in boxes for ENDLESS CHAIN POWERS for One, Two and Three Horses. transportation. One dozen can be packed in a box of about six cubic COMBINED THRESHERS AND WINNOWERS. feet. We also make the Grapevine Cradle. All of the above are made of the best material and workmanship. For Price List, address

THRESHERS with Vibrating Separators.
I. T. GRANT & CO.

CLOVER MACHINES, WOOD SAWS, and DOG POWERS. May 1-m12t

Junction, Renggelaer Co..

N. y. Also MALES' PATENT CONVERTIBLE CORN SHELLER AND

CIDER MILL, which is a very desirable machine for farmers, and PoultryYard,

or grinding apples for cider. Domestic Poultry-Book, price 75 cents. For sale at the office of this round in our Descriptive Circular, which will be furnished to all ap.

Full descriptions of all these paper.

plicants.

We give below a statement relative to our Two-Horse Endless Chain WHITMAN & CO., BALTIMORE, Mo., Powers and Combined Threshers and Winnewers, made in course of

Inventors and Manufacturers of the most improved Agricul. I correspondence by Volney Belnap, of North East, Pa. It gives a fair tural Implements and Machinery adapted to American and Foreign idea of their capacity when well operated. He says of his machine, trade.

which is the first of four sent into that neighborhood, the first one you Their long experience in this business has given them an extensive sent is thought rather the best : foreign correspondence and acquaintance, which, together with their

I have threshed 108 bushels of wheat in 2 hours and 59 minutes, facilities for manufacturing, enables them to compete successfully without stopping and pot a wet hair on my borses. I also threshed with any part of the world in the manufacture of Agricultural Ma 140 bushels of oats in 1 one hour and 35 minutes, and the oats very

damp at that." They manufacture Horse-powers and Threshers, Reapers and

FOR CIRCULARS Mowers. Corn Shellers, Straw Cutters, Plows and Castings, and every Or any desired information relating to these machines, address Foreign and home orders are solicited, and will meet with prompt

G. WESTINGHOUSE & co.. attention. May 10-wtl E. WHITMAN & Co., Baltimore, Md. May 24-meowotm2t.

Schenectady, N. Y.

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Contents of this Number.

ΤΗ Ε

ILLUSTRATED ANNUAL

REGISTER OF RURAL AFFAIRS.
THE FARM.

1861. Order and System on the Farm,...,

265 THE SEVENTH NUMBER of this attractive and useful Work is Experiment with Lime on Wheat, by G. II. CHASE,

266 now nearly ready for the Press. We hope to have it out some weeks The Farm and the Workshop, by S. E. TODD,

267

earlier than usual, and are now prepared to receive orders for single EDITORIAL NOTES ABROAD:Market and Rent Day..

268 numbers or in quantity, which will be filled as soon as the REGISTER Culture of the Mangold Wurtzel,

268 for 1861 is issued. The attention of OFFICERS OF AGRICULTURAL 80Agricultural Education in Ireland,

268

CIETIES and others who propose attending Town, County or State Fairs The Albert Institution at Glasnevin,.

169 The Striped Flea Beetle, by DR. A. FITOH,.

270 this Fall is particularly requested to the ready Sale which may be had Hlints for the Season...

273 for the REGISTER during these anniversaries, and on other occasions, Drill Culture-Plowing in Grain,

272 from the First of September even until another spring, TERMS-as Grass as a Manure..

274 Wheat --Thick vs. Thin Seeding..

274

heretofore: SINGLE COPIES, postpaid, TWENTY-FIVE CENTS; ONE Use of Clod Crusher,

275 DOZEN COPIES, postpaid, Two DOLLARS; ONE HUNDRED COPIES, Travels in Iowa-Farmers' College, by SUEL FOSTER,

275 FIFTEEN DOLLÁRS, and larger quantities at a farther reduction. Harvesting and Keeping Root Crops, by P. F.,

276 Good Wheat Crops by JOHN JOHN Tox..

278

TO ADVERTISERS! Soil, Crops, &c., of Southern Illinois, by A. BABCOCK,

278 TWENTY PAGES only will be devoted, as in the previous issues, Plowing in Clover-Lime,..

278 for 1855, 56, 57, 58, 59, and '60, to ADVERTISEMENTS. The num. A Troublesome Kentucky Weed,

21 ber being limited, more or less applications have each year arrived too Cutting Corn Stalks, by EDWARD WILLIS.

281 late for admission upon them; last season several of our best friends llow to Destroy Iron Weed, by REGAN,

283 and advertising customers were thus disappointed, and on this acAgricultural and other Exhibitions the Present Season,

284 count, as well as in order that the work may be expedited as much as Wheat, Oats, &c., in New Hampshire, Levi BARTLETT,

285 possible, it is desired that all who wish for space should send in their Draining Hill Sides.

285 advertisements IMMEDIATELY. Notwithstanding increased circulation, Wheat Growing and the Midge, by P. F.,

286 prices remain for 1861 as heretofore : About Wheat Growing, by S. W. R..

One Page...

$20.00 Inquiries and Auswers.. 287 One-Hall Page,

19.00 Abstracts from our Exchanges, 990 One-Tbird Page,

8.00 Notes for the Month,....

Cards, from...

43,00 to 5.00 THE GRAZIER AND BREEDER,

PARTIAL ABSTRACT OF CONTENTS. Care of Sheep in Summer, ...,

266 Among other valuable chapters, the ANNUAL REGISTER for 1861 will Short Horn Sales at Good Prices,

232 contain the following :Webb's South Down Sheep,.

1. WORKING MEN'S COTTAGES_Seventeen Engravings Cure for Hoven in Cattle, by R, MCCLURE,

283 1. Important Advantages of their Erection. Goats kept for their Milk,

279 2. Design for a Cottage of the smallest Size.

3. Design for a Cottage on a somewhat Larger Seale. HORTICULTURAL DEPARTMENT.

4. Design for a Cottage of better class or for a small Farm House. Fruit Growing in New Jersey, by W. PARRY,

267 5. Design for a somewhat more costly Cottage. Culture of Grapes in Pots...,

271 6. A Design by L. B. Valk. The Law of Reproduction with Fruits and Seed-bearing Plants,.. 273 7. A Design by J. M. Wade, with modifications. New Japan Quince, by G. B. H.

273

II. LAYING OUT GROUNDS-Five Engravings. New way of Raising Celery...

277

1. Plan of a Village Hall Acre Garden, Culture of the Pea-Nut, by P. S, GRAVRS,

277

2. Simple but Graceful Arrangement of Pleasure Grounds. Ilardiness of the Pear and Peach,

278

3. Laying out a Western Farm. New Plum from North Carolina,... Renovating old Apple Trees..

280

III. PRUNING AND TRAINING ROSES-Eleven Engravings. Methods of Laying Out Flower Gardens, by G. B. H.,

1. Tree Roses ; two modes with figures. Aorticultural Suggestions,..

2. Weeping Roses. How to Grow Tree Roses, ...

289

3. Pillar Roses,

IV. NEW FRUITS AND POMOLOGICAL NOTICES—Twenty-one RURAL ARCHITECTURE.

Engravings, Balloon Frames_5th Article, by G. E. WOODWARD,

276 1. Basket of Plums-Descriptions and Figures of 15 newer Sorts. Plan of a Side Hill Barn, by S. J. AVERILL....

2. Notes on Strawberries-Results of the Farther Experience of Plan of a Western Barn, by C. G. TAYLOR,

281

the Year.

3. Pruning Dwarf Pears. THE DAIRY DEPARTMENT.

4. Accurate Portrait of a Dwarf Pear Tree in Bearing. A Large Ayrshire Milker,

277

5. How to Obtain Fruit in New Places, Produce of Milk, Cheese and Butter Per Cow,

979

V. STRUCTURES FOR GREEN HOUSE PLANTS-Ten En. A Profitable Dairy,.

279

gravings. DOMESTIC ECONOMY.

1. Construction and Management of the Cold Plt.

2. The Conservative Pit. Ready Made Yeast.

3. Ward's Cases. Recipe for Ginger Cakes, .....

277

4. The Window Cage and Aquarium, Rats in the Granary..

279

5. Translucent Paint for Glass Recipe for Elderberry Wine, by F. A. R.,. Sweet Pickled Tomatoes, by M. H. K.,

VI. DOMESTIC POULTRY-Thirty-three Engravings.

1. Origin of Domestic Fowls. ILLUSTRATIONS.

2. Descriptions at Length of the Different Breeds, Grapes in Pots,.. 271 | The Blum Plum,

280

3. Management of Poultry. The Goat.... 279 C. G, Taylor's Barn,... 281

4. Five Designs for Poultry Houses. Side Hill Barn), . 280 Star Cucumber....

281 5. Nests, Peng, Coops, Feeding Hoppers, &c.

6. Diseases of Poultry. REAT AUSTIN SHAKER SEEDLING

VII. WEEDS AND THEIR DESTRUCTION-Twenty-one En.

gravings. STRAWBERRY.

1. "General Rules for their Prevention and Extirpation,

2. Annual and Biennial Weeds. THE LARGEST STRAWBERRY IN THE WORLD.

3. Simple Perennial Weeds. Amateurs consider this weedling the greatest acquisition to our small 4. Creeping Perennial Weeds. fruits ever introduced. A monster in size, wonderfully prolific, and

5. Noxious and Intruding Shrubs. of the finest flavor. We are now prepared to take orders to commence

VIII, FILTERS, AND FILTERING CISTERNS-Five Engravings.

1. Construction of Portable Filters. delivering plants in August in rotation as ordered. Address either

2. Another Plan for the Same. CHAUNCEY MILLER, Albany, N. Y., Shaker Trustee,

3. Filters attached to the Cistern,
Or WM. S. CARPENTER, 468 Pearl St., N. Y.

IX, AGRICULTURAL NOTES.
WE OFFER TIIE FOLLOWING CERTIFICATE,

X. HORTICULTURAL NOTES We, the undersigned, having ordered largely of the AUSTIN SEED- XI. RURAL MISCELLANY. LING in May last, with the assurance that our money would be re. XII. DOMESTIC ECONOMY, &c., &c. funded if not satisfied, after seeing the fruit bez leave to report, XIII. ADVERTISEMENTS that we have visited Watervliet, the Shaker settlement, where the This, preceeded by the usual Calendar pages and Astronomical ÇalAustin is now fruiting. We found it growing in the most common culations, forms a book which is certainly cheap at its retail price, way, in masses, and not in hills, without any particular care, and much while the Publishers may especially call attention to the pithy and ap. injured by the drouth; yet the great productiveness and uniform large propriate HINTS FOR THE MONTH which appear upon the Calensize and fine flavor. induces us to consider the AUSTIN as one of the dar pages, as embracing in the most concise forın many valuable sug. best varieties in cultivation, and a great acquisition to our small gestions--to the article on WORKING MEN'S COTTAGES, for the fruits. We found the AUSTIN averaging larger than the Wilson's Al neat and useful Design it contains-to those upon ROSES and GREEN bany, and about as productive; and from appearances will continue HOUSE Structures for their beautiful illustrations-to that upon to truit until the middle of July.

POULTRY as the most complete chapter upon the subject yet pre-
JOUN C. THOMPSON, Tompkinsville, Staten Is., N. Y.,
JAMES L. LOCKWOOD, Stamford, Ct.,

sented in equal space, accompanied as it is hy so many Engraving EDWARD BISHOP, Stamford, Ct.

and to that upon WEEDS and their Destruction, as presenting just the Aug. 23-6m2t. information which every Farmer requires, with cuts by which he can

compare the most common and troublesome of these intruders, and

THE PUBLISHERS, with the view of rendering the circulation of Hampden Park, Springfield Magg.

the ANNUAL REGISTER for 1861, still wider and larger than that of any SEPTEMBER 4ih, 5th, 6th & 7th, 1860.

previous Number, are prepared, as above intimated, to offer the most Four Thousand Dollars offered in Premiums on all Classes and Des.ricultural Societies, Nurserymen, Dealers in Implements and Seeds, or

liberal Terms for its introduction in quantities, either to Agents, Ag. criptions of llorses. Arrangements made for the purchase and sale of Horses.

any others who take an interest in the dissemination of useful readCirculars and Programmes sent on application to J. N. BAGO, Sec.

ing, and in the promotion of Rural Improvement, retary.

Address all orders or inquiries to the publishers,
GEORGE Dwigit, Chief Marshal.
GEORGE BLISS, President.

LUTHER TUCKER & SON
Aug. 2-wit.

ALBANY, N. Y.

GR

AUST

FOURTL NATIONAL HORSE SHOW PHE PUBLISHERS e o renderingen

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AGENTS IN NEW-YORK:

It will lie more lightly PUBLISHED BY LUTHER TUCKER & SON, terial is in a better state for use.

EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS, 395 BROADWAY, ALBANY, N. Y. in the heaps, and thus gain greater exposure to the air J. J. THOMAS, ASSOCIATE EDITOR, UNION SPRINGS, N. Y, while “seasoning.” When muck is dug out and piled on

dry land, the air and rains gradually dissipate the acid C. M. SAXTON, BARKER & Co. Ag. Book Publishers, 25 Park Row. which most specimens contain, and which must be dis

TIIE CULTIVATOR bas been published twenty-six years. A New pelled or neutralized before it is available nourishment for SERIES was commenced in 1853, and the seven volumes for 1853, 4, 5, 6, plants. It also needs drying to become available for use 7. 8 and 9, can be furnished, bound and post-paid, at $1.00 each.

TERMS_FIFTY CENTS A YEAR. -Ten copies of the CULTIVATOR and as an absorbent of the liquids of the stable a use of much Ten of the Annual REGISTER OF RURAL AFFAIR8, with one of each importance in increasing the stock of manure. Muck free to the Agent, Five Dollars.

readily becoming friable under the action of the clements, "THE COUNTRY GENTLEMAN," a weekly Agricultural Journal of 16 quarto pages, making two vols. yearly of 416 pages, at $2.00 per is a valuable fertilizer for loamy and sandy soils alone. year, is issuedby the same publishers.

If it contains much acid, this should be neutralized by fer

mentation-most readily brought about by mixing with THE MUCK MINES OF THE FARM.

animal droppings, as spoken of above. No farmer need seek for a richer placer, who has a Speaking of the quantity of muck which may be used muck mine upon his premises. He has a triple advantage in a season, the Homestead remarks that it bears some in the work of enriching his land, over those who have not proportion to the number of animals kept upon the farm, been thus favored. For muck is not only a fertilizer of and puts it at from fifteen to twenty-five loads for each itself, but it possesses the power of enhancing the value cow, ox, or horse, and ten loads to each yearling swine. of other manures—the process of fermentation by which At least half a load to every sheep, we think, may be they suffer some loss, giving, in admixture with muck, a spread over their yards, which should be kept littered greater value to three or four times the material which with straw while occupied in the winter. Early in spring could otherwise be secured. As an illustrative proof, we let the whole be drawn out, (mixing the strawy and mucky might quote the statement of the late Elias Phinney, or portions together while handling,) and placed in a heap, Massachusetts, who by the mixture of twice the amount and it will prove very valuable for the fall wheat, or, in. of dry muck with the manure from his stables, secured a deed, any crop on the farm. A few loads should be placed fertilizer, which he assured the editor of the N. E. Far- where the wash and slops of the house can be poured over mer, was of higher value than the droppings alone, load them; it will soon become valuable manure, and should be for load. "His operations," says the Farmer, “were ex. drawn away and replaced with a new supply. tensive, and conducted in a systematic manner, and the When the muck beds are distant from the barn, and the conclusions to which he arrived in relation to them, have material is wanted for application to lands near by, there been abundantly sustained by other experimentalists, and is no need of carting the muck to the barn and back at a by careful analysis of scientific men." According to Prof. large expense. Get out the muck now, and heap it on S. W. Johnson, “the excretion of any animal, mixed with the fields where needed. When the stock come to the muck is rendered more valuable, from the fact that the stables in the fall, draw the manure at once to these fields, muck absorbs and saves the ammonia," a volatile gas and as long as allowed by the frost, mix the two together, which would otherwise be dissipated to a considerable ex. one load of manure to two of muck, and it will only retent by fermentation. The value of the muck compost is quire one turning, and few weeks of warm weather, to fit greater also, from being better proportioned to the wants it for corn or other crops. Or it may be composted in of plants. Still, manure alone, if properly taken care of, the spring with lime, asbes, guano, bone dust or other is too rich; for, according to the same authority, "plants alkaline or nitrogenous material, decomposing in a short over-stimulated with ammonia, produce much foliage and time, and furnishing a manure of equal value to that from few seeds."

the barnyard itself. Our present purpose, however, is to offer a few hints The conceded value of muck for increasing the quantity on “working the mines," or securing a supply of muck for and quality of available home manures, renders it worthy future use. The best deposits are usually too full of water the attention of every farmer within whose reach it lies. for digging in fall or winter, and can only be drawn upon Thonsands of swamps are now accessible, and there are during the dry weather of midsummer. The same season few places where muck, either from these frequent large -the time between the early and later harvest—usually deposits, or from the beds of sluggishi streams, the marpresents some leisure for the work. Besides, when com- ging of ponds, the hollows of wooded hills, and like situaparatively dry, there is less weight to move, and the ma- tions, cannot be procured to any desirable extent by the

enterprising farmer. Yet we are surprised, upon inquiry, time of sceding; and on this portion of the field the seeds to find so few who avail themselves of the resource, in took well, and the crop this year, is much larger on the comparison to those who might do so. But those who salted than on the unsalted portion,” have once given it a fair trial, never cense to pursue the Speaking of manuring at the time of seeding, we have practice—it proves top profitable in wheat and corn, in this year tested the advantage of several applications for meadow and orchard—in the improved character of every that purpose. On a sandy Joam field, where grass seed product of the farm, to be neglected by any who have was almost a total failure last year, it has this year sucever tested its value. It is a mine of gold to every culti-ceeded well-partly from being top-dressed with plaster, vator of the soil-giving golden grain-golden dairy pro- and somewhat from the more favorable season. Where ducts-golden fruit-gold in the pocket.

we top-dressed with composted muck and barn manure the

clover is large and thick, and the same is true of a small Top-dressing Meadows and Pastures. plot dressed with house ashes. On another plot sown with

salt, we think the clover is more uniformly successful, We have repeatedly called the attention of our readers though the growth is not large, than where no fertilizer, to the favorable results usually following the surface ma-save plaster, was applied. The more clayey portion, nuring of grass lands, and believing, as we do, that good however promises the best clover-but it may not stand crops of grass lie at the very foundation of good farming,

as well the “heaving out” of next spring's trying weather. we keep careful watch for facts which shall help carry the

APHIDES ON YOUNG TREES. conviction to the minds of farmers in general. A few such are condensed below:

We tried a successful experiment on these insects, which The last “ Journal” of our State Ag. Society contains had copiously infested the top leaves of several thousand among other interesting matter, some notes of a “trip to young standard pear trees three or four feet high, and one Westchester," by Secretary Johnson, Near E. G. Faile's year from the bud. Two or three pails of strong soap suds, " the grass crop was light, owing to the severe drouth pre- the refuse of a common washing, were used for this purvailing in that section of the State." But “Mr. Faile's pose. One person held the pail while another carefully grass land had been top-dressed, and his yield this year bent the top of the tree downward, and thrust it with its was larger than usual, averaging, we think, three tons to throng of aphides into the soap. One or two thousand the acre, his meadow-fields showing a fine healthy, green trees were thus easily treated in an hour, and none were aftermath,” while those around were generally scorched by left alive, except a very few where the work was rather the sun.

Col. J, adds: “Mr. F.'s practice is undoubted- superficially performed. ly the true one, and every farmer in that region will con- Having recently had an inquiry on this subject, we give sult his own best interest by enriching his meadow land by this as the answer. Water alone will not drown them a thorough top-dressing of manure.”

when applied in this way; oil will kill them, and the tree The Genesee Farmer for August has an account of a also ; while soap combines something of the acridity of the visit by the editor to the farm of Jos. Wright of Water- potash, the pore-closing quality of the oil, without either loo, Seneca county, and among other items mentions Mr. injuring the leaves or bark. W.'s practice of composting his barn manure with swamp muck-"the compost, when well rotted, making an admi

BAROMETERS FOR FARMERS. rable dressing for grass—or indeed any other crop; but Considerable is being said and written, "about these Mr. Wright values it especially for the former purpose.” days," as to the utility of Barometers for agriculturists. Mr. Harris saw a 28-acre field of timothy, (four years from As I am somewbat ignorant of their virtues, I wish to inseeding,) that was top-dressed with this compost the early change in the weather in other words, does å falling of

quire if changes in the mercury do invariably foretell a part of last winter. The crop is remarkably even all over the mercury denote the approach of a storm, or may it the field, and, he remarks “ we never saw anything hand- not be only a coming change of wind or temperature of somer.” Two and a half acres of compost-dressed timo- the atmosphere, not always accompanied as we know by a thy had been cut, and yielded seven large loads of hay storm properly? I wish those who have used them for that it was thought would weigh 25 cwt. each. This would of their practical utility before we are all called on to pay

years, would give through the GENTLEMAN, some account be three and a half tons per acre.” Four acres of top- our $5 or $10 for something which possibly (not probably) dressed clover had produced eleven large loads of hay. will be useless. W. J. PETTEE. Salisbury, ct. On another 8-acre field of timothy, Mr. W. had applied 40 We have used a barometer for many years, and although loads of raw muck per acre, with decided benefit, though not infallible, is very useful and valuable. Its usefulness not as great as where the muck was first composted with varies in different localities--in some places its indications manure.

are more certain than in others, owing to the different The same paper speaks of Jas. O. Sheldon's farm, near character of the weather, nature of winds, mode of apGeneva, N. Y.

"Mr. S. is much in favor of top-dressing proach of storms, &c. In summer, a considerable fall of his grass lands. One field of timothy of 30 acres, was the mercury has nearly always been followed by rain, but top-dressed with from ten to fifteen loads of rather strawey sometimes the rain and descent of the mercury are simul. manure, the early part of March. The manure has all dis- taneous—in winter by wind. During rainy weather, its appeared in the dense sward, and the crop of limothy is rise has invariably preceded a cessation of the rain. In very fine.” Mr. Sheldon has made some experiments in some instances, its indications have been striking. In one sowing salt on the land at the time of seeding to grass in instance, the wind had changed from rainy to a clear quarthe spring—and finds the effect quite marked. The Far- ter, and every weather-wise neighbor was sure the cloulds mer says," he sows ten quarts of timothy and three would clear away and give a fine day; but the barometer quarts of clover seed per acre. In a 30-acre field, seeded said, “No such thing ! it rains to-day." In other words down about the 10th of May, 1859, fifteen acres received the mercury was falling. And accordingly it continued a bushel and a half of salt per acre, sowu broadcast at the showery all day. Again—the neighbors have said, “We

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