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EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE. overcoming the barriers separating the breeders of diffe
rent localities, and acquainting each region with the merA Day at the Springfield Horse Show.
its possessed by the stock of the others—to carry the best Going back to the Beginning-Original Plan Embracing several states stallions of New-England for a season into the neigh. and Migratory Exhibitions- Is this Suggestion Now a wore Feasible one 2-Hampden Park—The Entries and Character of the show, boring States on the south and west, and to bring back Mr. Brown's Century Team-Premiums on Walking Horses- in turn the best blood from those districts, and place Thoroughbreds, Stallions, and the Patchen Colts-Award of State Prize Banner --The Harvest Club-Fields of Roots--Conclusion,
it within the reach" of Maine, New-Hampshire, MassaAs other engagements pérmitted me to spend but a sin. chusetts, Vermont and Connecticut. By holding the ·gle day at Hampden Park last week, and that the Second Shows triennially, moreover, when the year came around Day of the Exhibition, (it is the Third and Fourth, which in each locality, a new generation would be found ready are really the “great ” days.) it is of course beyond my for public examination and trial—the three-year-olders power to give from personal observation a very full account of the last Show coming in as Six, and the colts then sired of the attendance and proceedings. There may therefore having made sufficient growth to show fairly the mettle be the more excuse if I imitate the high precedent afforded they possessed. by that simple-minded and trustworthy Historian of New
This brief outline will convey but an imperfect impresYork, DIEDRICH KNICKERBOCKER, who, if I recollect sion of the excellent plan which Mr. Atwater at first dearight, commences his Annals of this noble State with a
signed. The public mind was not found ready for its adopbrief and succinct account of the Creation of Man and tion. Subscriptions would have been secured, perhaps, to the Noachian Deluge!
carry it on, for the financial arrangements proposed, into It will not be necessary, at this time, however, to go the particulars of which I have not the space to enter, back even to the date of the Revolution or the Last War; were of such a kind as to avoid the risk of too beavy a indeed, “ not to put too fine a point upon it," if one may but the necessary co-operation in the other States concern
burden being thrown upon a few in case of partial failure, venture to quote the voluble MICAWBER, -eight years only will answer our purpose sufficiently well, the present hava ed, was more difficult to obtain, and from this difficulty ing been the Fourth in a Biennial Series of Exhibitions, the design was subsequently modified until it assumed its of which the First took place in 1853. The Report of it present form: Springfield has thus to thank Mr. A. and then published in the Country GENTLEMAN, contains the his associates for a fine park, which I bope we shall following:
learn that the present show has entirely freed from all re“The project of this Exhibition had its rise in Springhela. maining incumbrances, and for the periodical recurrence In May last George M. ATWATER proposed to the Hampden of an event which draws many strangers from all parts of County Agricultural Siciety the holding of such an exhibition the Union into her pleasant streets and well managed hoin connection with their annual Fair."
tels. But shall I be going beyond my alloted sphere, if I The health of the gentleman whose name is here men- put it here, plainly and directly, to the breeders, the fartioned was also given by the lamented C. P. HOLCOMB of mers, the citizens, of the region comprised above-say the Delaware, at the Banquet that followed, as the "origina whole north-eastern quarter of the Union, whether å tor of the idea of a National Horse Convention." I refer scheme embracing the principal points in Mr. Atwater's to these facts so particularly now, because, after eight original design, might not now be more favorably enter. years, they will bear a repetition, and in order that the tained, and still more advantageously adopted! I hazard credit of a “Yankee Notion” which has been so widely the suggestion at no prompting of his, but confident that imitated, may rest where it fairly belongs. Mr. Arwater's he would not be wanting if his experience or public undertaking was not without its impediments at the outset; spirit can be rendered of service in the promotion of such but the high position occupied by himself and his co-adju.
a project—and as sowing seed as we pass, that may chance tors, and their steadfast opposition from the first to any. to fall upon good ground, although it should be long in thing like "jockeyism" and trickery, have done much to the germination. promote the Improvement of our Horses by showing that Hampden Park contains about sixty acres of that alit is not by any means a cause necessarily allied with most perfectly level intervale which here extends, to the gambling and demoralization, but, on the contrary, one in width of perhaps half a mile, for about five miles along which all classes—both farmers and townsmen--have a the eastern bank of the Connecticut, and for nearly three pecuniary interest amply worth the sober looking after. miles on the other bank-land admirable for grass, being
The system of Exhibitions as finally adopted, however, subject to overflow from the waters of the river. The was not that originally contemplated by Mr. A. His first Association purchased it, I believe, at about $200 per acre, scheme, which seems to me to combine some important and immediately expended $4,000 more in the construcfeatures as yet unattained, and well worthy of public re. tion of an embankment which keeps the whole perfectly gard, embraced the idea of an Association of Subscribers dry in all seasons, and the broad top of which constitutes liable as the guarantors of the Shows undertaken, whose a delightful promenade along the water-side. A rising profits, if any should accrue, were to be expended in the stand of seats calculated to accommodate 1,800 visitors, purchase of stallions from time to time for the use of them. securely and permanently built, is upon the same side of selves and others: the Shows to be held in a triennial se. the field-the two tracks only intervening between it and ries-for example, one year in New-England, the next the ornamental double-story erection opposite, for the year as far west as New-York or Ohio, the third year as Judges' purposes. One of these tracks, that nearest to the far south as Pennsylvania or the District of Columbia, the seats, is a mile in length, and is separated from the interior fourth again in New England, and so on; the services of one, which measures a full half mile, by a substantial the Stallion belonging to the Association to be migratory railing, so that the two are entirely separate and diswith its shows, and the objects being to accomplish still tinct. The advantage of this excellent arrangement conmore perfectly the ends now only in part attained--the sists in the fact that the carriages of visitors can occupy more general diffusion of good horses, wherever bred, by the mile track without any interference with what is going on within, or the two may be otherwise simultaneously thorough-bred Mares, by Narcissus, owned by Henry employed for different purposes. In the upper corner of Booth of West Farms in the same county. Among other the field near the entrance, a large and permanent struc- Stallions entered for competition, attracting great atten. ture supplies stables upon each side, an apartment for tion, were Dr. Rich's “Jupiter" from New-York, Hill &
Linssulkies, &c., between them, and above them a convenient Baldwin's "Patrick Henry" from Essex Co., N. Y., room, intended if necessary for discussions or other meet- ley Brothers' "Pathfinder," from Connecticut, &c., &c. ings. Long ranges of other stables have also been erect- CHARLES W. BATHGATE, Westchester Co., N, Y., coned to accommodate the large numbers entered for exhibi. | tributed for Exhibition only, three young Stallions, sirtion.
ed by the now famous horse “Geo. M. Patchen," who has With so many classes as there are to undergo examina- done so much to prove that the highest degree of speed tion, of course much of the Judges' work is done in the as a trotter is not inseparable from greater size than has field, where each class is summoned under a flag or sign hitherto been supposed likely to make the best time. Two designating its number. But to maintain a constant inte of these colts of Mr. Bathgate's are five years old, “Nexrest where the spectators are looking down upon the track, Jersey" and "Major Low," and the third, two years all the classes are exhibited there, and the scene presented younger, Buckley," promises, as well as his seniors, to is rendered much the more lively by their more rapid suc- make a mark in the world. The one first named, Newcession after one another, as well as by the music of one Jersey, is the highest bred of the three, and takes the eye of the best bands in New-England stationed close by. In most favorably at first, but this advantage is so nearly all these details the arrangements are so well and syste-counterbalanced in other respects by the other two, that it matically prepared, that I have thought them worthy of is a very close matter to rank either above the rest. being brought into notice, as suggestive in many respects There is much that I should like to mention, but I find to the Managers of other Societies.
myself already on the “home-stretch” in this correspond. The Exhibition this year included Wednesday morning, ence, with its utmost limits closely in view. I am indebt532 entries, comprising 617 horses, of which number 184 ed to the attention of the Secretary, J. N. BAGG, for being were for exhibition only-not competing for prizes. I unable to add that at the closing procession on Friday, Newderstood that several farther entries were made in the York was represented by 64 horses ("of the greatest ag. course of the day, and that the total largely exceeds the gregate value, probably,” remarks Solon Robinson, "of entries of any former year. The thorough-bred classes, any lot of equal number ever collected together in the as usual, are not large, embracing but five stallions and United States "); then followed Connecticut with 84, ber four mares. The classes of breeding mares exhibited on numbers carrying off the State Prize banner, Vermont Tuesday, were spoken of as having not been quite up to with 13, New-Hampshire 5, Rhode Island 7, Maine 6, the mark, but the turn-out of Saddle horses on Wednes. Wisconsin 2, Illinois 2, and, lastly, the long line of the day was fairish, those of Matched and Family horses, and Massachusetts ranks—the whole thus concluding happily in one or two other classes, very large; and I was assured and profitably, without drawback of any kind except in by the best judges I met, that while there were fewer the shower reported on Thursday. We should be glad to celebrities present than bas sometimes been the case, to publish the list of awards if space permitted. attract notice by their speed upon the track, the average - But, owing to the kindness of Mr. ATWATER, my day merit throughout shows a most gratifying advance upon the was not wholly taken up with the display at Hampden previous Exhibitions.
Park. Another institution in which he has had a prominent My own observations were too imperfect to admit of band, the “Harvest Club,” is doing a good work by the particularizing without seeming invidious, except in one ownership of the excellent Short-Horn Bull, “Double or two instances in which the unique character of what Duke," of Mr. Sherwood's breeding, purchased three years was shown was such as to leave no room for "odious com- ago and on Double Duke we made a passing call at the parisons.” Of such sort was the four-in-hand team of old stables of Mr. Pynchon. Thence a mile or two to the horses shown by Lewis B. Brown of Westchester Co., northward, where we stopped to see two acres of rootsN. Y., heretofore noticed in our columns, and now aggre. carrots, ruta bagas and parsnips, which Mr. A. is cultivagating a total age of 108 years, the oldest having reached ting successfully and profitably—this year testing upon halfthe mature period of 38! The only difficulty in driving acre plots, manured and cultivated alike, the different rethem is to hold in the leaders, and a four minute gait* sults of each, together with those from corn and grass land they appear to take much easier than many of their under similar treatment. younger brethren. Mr. Brown had generously placed Upon one plot he has adopted a method worthy of menseveral prizes for fast walking horses at the disposition of tion to those who complain that they cannot put their carthe Judges, for which I was glad to know that there were rots near enough together to get a good crop and still culseveral entries, one including I believe a family of four tivate them by horse power. This is to put in the carrots near relatives, but the trial of these was to be made after forty inches apart, and after they have been well cultivaI left. +
ted and got a good start—say from the middle to the 20th The only other four-in-hand turnout was that of SIMEON or 25th of July, to alternate them with rows of ruta bagas LELAND, of the Metropolitan Hotel, New-York, who is, (Swedish turnips)--thus occupying the space for another moreover, quite a farmer in Westchester. The first and crop without impeding the early cultivation of the carrots. only premium of $200 for thorough-bred stallions, was This was intended, I believe, merely as an experiment, carried off by “Comet, owned by Alexander Bathgate of and I hope that Mr. A., after the roots are harvested, will Fordham, Westchester, Co., N. Y., and that of $100 on favor us with its results, as well as with those upon the • I am not giving them the credit they deserve, as I and them re.
adjoining plots. But it should be added that Mr. A. has ported on Thursday as making the mile in from 3:15 to 8:30, "four per had no difficulty in keeping the carrots clean, altogether sons in the wagon, without showing a sign of fatigue." "I ought to by borse cultivation, even, as I understood, when grown hut to induce others to take care of their old horses, and also to show in rows as near together as twenty inches. that good blood will tell.
Then, after paying our respects to the sole peach tree SOLON ROBINson has the following in the Tribune :-After the car in all that region which is known to be in fruit this year, the best walking horse. were called on and ordered to walk a mlle. nestling away in the shade when there is little to account I regret to be obliged to say that not one third of the seventeen, en: for its singular persistence in well-doing, -we gain our not been bred and trained for this most useful of all paits for a horse way slowly to a higher and narrow plateau, and next to a for every day work. Nearly all of these exhibited had a sort of amble, third and wider one, that stretches back behind a belt of ruled off by the judges at the first trial. There was one, a five year trees to form, I believe, a not very productive and pretty some walker at five miles an hour, and she will get the inte muize: well-worn series of upland farms, but, in the abrupt and The second was harder to decide between a bay under the saddle and wayward curves with which it winds in a succession of tolerably well, but it is very evident that more attention is needed to knolls along the valley below, affording some picturesque this feature in horse breeding. There is no doubt about the fact that scenery, in the midst of which Mr. Atwater has selected Mr. Brown has awakened an interest that will not sleep until it lies the site of his present residence. The house, protected accomplished a great good to the country,
all around by the trees, except upon the side looking to sheep, cattle, and horses fat. At half a cent per pound it ward the valley, matches the semi-circular form of the is cheap feed, and it is often lower in Western New-York. “bluff"..as western men would call it-on which it stands,
JOHN JOHNSTON. with a bay window commanding—beyond the smooth lawn P. S.--It is nearly impossible for me to write anything that breaks away 80 suddenly, at a little distance, into a for the papers. My correspondence takes all my spare panorama of the intervale beyond and below it—the roads time. I have been answering from 25 to 40 letters weekalong which we came, the farmstead of Mr. BIRNIE with ly, for several weekş past. I must give up answering so his Ayrshires in the vale almost in front, the curving river many. It is working me too hard, and there is no use in it. soon lost on either hand between its own green banks, The back numbers of the Cultivator for eight or ten years, with old Tom and Holyoke pressing their twin summits will give all I know on farming; and the Ohio Farmer, against the sky at our right; and, away off to the left, an. published at Cleveland, for 1858 and 1859, will give a other glance of the silvery river, and distant views, mostly great deal of my experience in draiuing, and some other in blue and brown, of the farms and farming of the State matters.
J. J. to which it gives its name. Our day—thanks to many kind attentions_has been a pleasant one, and we could
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) choose no pleasanter spot in which to jot down our closing Buckwheat as Food for Fattening Hogs. congratulations to the Managers of these Exhibitions, upon the results of this their most successful effort in behalf of MESSRS. Editors-Many persons seem to think this that noble friend and servant of the human race, of whose grain injurious to swine. I am not of that number. My beauties and docility we have just seen so many admirable grandfather was an earnest advocate for the use of this examples among the Horses yonder at Hampden Park. grain in fattening swine. I have frequently heard him
L. H. T.
tell of a lot of hogs fattened by him some 75 years since,
that weighed when slaughtered near 100 lbs. each more BUCKWHEAT FOR FATTENING STOCK than his neighbors judged them to weigh after being
dressed. He said they were remarkably fat. The buckAn inquiry as to the value of buckwheat for feeding wheat was boiled with potatoes, and the hogs, fifteen in purposes, having appeared in the Rural New-Yorker, that number, had a yard to run in, and the straw thrown to
them as often as they needed to keep them clean. I think Veteran feeder and close observer, John Johnston, sends as much of buckwheat for hogs as Mr. Johnston does for in a reply. We copy below the material facts of his letter. cattle and sheep. I feed it frequently and never knew As to the extent and results of his experience, be says: any bad results, even from breeding sows or pigs.
JONATHAN TALCOTT. “ I have fattened many cattle, and far more sheep, on all or part buckwheat for the last twenty years, and it will
[For the Cultivator and Country Gentleman.) fat stock as well for the amount of pounds as any other Saltpetre for Throat Complaints, etc. grain, oats, perhaps, excepted; and I would much rather have balf buckwheat meal than all corn meal to feed to I see an article going the round of the newspapers beadthree year old steers that have not been fed grain. I have ed “Cure for Bronchitis," recommending what bas long probably as fat a heifer as is in the State. Her feed was been known as a remedy for internal throat complaints. buckwheat bran last winter and spring, and pasture only It is an almost certain supplanter of quinsy, taken in the since the 6th of May."
first stages, as recommended for bronchitis. For scrofula, Mr. Johnston tells us that a friend of his fattened 350 king's evil, and complaints arising from impure blood, it is head of sheep last winter on three busbels of buckwheat a sovereign remedy, and I know no better ready relief for
sore eyes than common nitre or saltpetre. I have known per day to the hundred head, with straw for fodder and of many, by doctors declared incurable, both in king's plenty of litter, and he made prime fat sheep, though many evil and inflammatory eyes, completely cured by using this of them were lean when he commenced feeding. Some remedy twice or thrice a day. A piece about the size of say they have fed sheep on buckwheat with poor success
a marrowfat pea is sufficient for a dose. The best mode -the animals losing their wool and getting poorer, but of taking it is to let it lay as far back on the tongue as pos
sible, and let it dissolve of its own accord. Mr. J. never had any such luck, and “no one would from
Skaneateles, N. Y.
W, M. BEAUCHAMP. fecding buckwheat who managed right otherwise." The querist wishes to know if buckwheat makes as solid
FATTENING POULTRY. fesh as other grain. To this the reply is, “I neither know Many persons do not succeed in fattening poultry according or care, as long as it makes them fat." He has never tried to the plan generally approved by breeders; and after shutit for hogs, to which it is said to be a poison—which is ing two or three of them up together in the dark, find they
do not gain flesh. In such case they should be at once exdoubtful.
amined for lice, and if any are found on them, grease them
well under the wings, on the breast-bone, and about the root (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) of the tail; or if they are wild and havo nerer been inclined Buckwheat, &c., for Fattening Stock. to eat freoly and quietly, they should be fed moderately at
first if possible, and efforts made to quiet them and make My article on feeding buckwheat, copied from the them tame, without which feeling no animal will fatten readiRural New-Yorker, ought to have read, in place of oats ly. But by all means keep them free from vermin-either by perhaps, excepted," oats and corn mixed, perhaps excep- meal at first. The coup must be kept clean, and fresh water
the use of grease as above, or by mixing a little sulphur in their ted. I have often thought that cattle did better on that given the fowls; but when about to kill, both food and water than any other grain, but oats generally cost more per should not be given them for some fifteen hours just previous. pound than either buckwheat or corn, and often more than barley. Of course it would be folly to feed oats then. But it matters but little what kind of grain a farmer feeds,
A GOOD MILKER. if he feeds it by weight. Corn, however, requires the
MESSRS. EDITORS—You recently gave an articlo headed most observation and judgment in feeding to cattle unac
" Ayrshire Prize Milkers," in which is given the weight of customed to it.
milk of four Ayrshire cows, which won prizes at the Ayrshire I never made better sheep than last season, as Capt. Ag. Society in Scotland. McGraw of your city must know. Their feed was barley
I wish you could give the weight of the several cows. with a little oil meal. I can make both cattle and sheep pounds, six years old, imported when a year old, which gnye
I havo a small Ayrshire cow whose live weight is but 860 fat enough on any kind of grain we raise, except wheat. 300 pounds of milk in seven days-equal to her live weight I tried that when low several times, but it never gave me in twenty days. I do not mention it as extraordinary, but for satisfaction; yet it is strange to say wheat bran will make the sako of comparison. L. SWEETSER, Amherst, Mass.
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) was put in in this way a light one horse plow running CUTTING UP CORN.
three inches deep was followed by a seed sower, and the
seed scattered in the furrow, and covered with the next, Eps. Co. Gent. -As this is the season for cutting up and so on through the piece-nothing more was done to corn, I will give you my method of doing it. We take the crop. This way of putting in the seed wben the crop seven rows at a time; the middle row we set the shocks is to be fed off green, docs very well, but for niaking into on, leaving three rows on each side. Then, if the corn is dry fodder it is not as convenient to cut and bind as when very heavy, we set the first shock on the third hill from in drills. J. L. R. Jefferson Co., N. N., Sept. 14. the edge, and the next on the fifth bill from that, making thirty-five bills in a shock. Ordinary corn I set the first
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) shock on the fourth hill, and the next on the seventh bill
My Experience in Cider-Making. from that, and so on every seventh hill, making forty-nine hills to a shock. The next row of shocks I cut the same, Messrs. EDITORS–Seeing an inquiry in a late number placing them on the corresponding hills with the first row, of your paper for cheap Cider Mills, I am induced to give
This leaves them in straight rows each way. My method you my experience over thirty years ago in cider-making. of putting up the shock is this: I leave the hill uncut; | At that time I lived eight miles west of the Hudson. 'I place an arm-tull or two of corn around it, and with a sin. had a fine orchard of choice grafted fruit, and calculated gle band of rye straw bind it. Then set the remainder of somewhat on making the same profitable to me; but, alas, the corn around it, and tie it with a good double band of there was no mill nearer than four miles, and there the rye straw.
When we come to husk it, we take two of fruit was thrown amidst as scurvy a lot as eyes ever fell these rows of shocks, throwing down four shocks, (two on ; consequently I found I could not obtain the pure juice from each row,) with their tops toward a common centre of my own apples; then too an extra journey had to be where we make the heap of corn. Each of these shocks taken for the cider, making sixteen miles certain, somewe tie in three sheaves after husking, or four if large, set times twenty-four. ting the stalks out of the four in one shock. I find this This I knew would not do; I therefore proposed to a a very convenient mode. My stalks are cured nicely, and relative living with me, that as there was part of a diI find no difficulty in stacking them so as to keep. lapidated cider-press on the farm, that we would make a Frenchtown, N. J.
J. W. LEQUEAR. mill and grind the apples at home. I got two suitable
pieces for rollers, which were given to the village turner (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.)
with a drawing; then I sent to the blacksmith to make CURING CORN FODDER.
teeth and cogs for the rollers, spindles and crank, all acMESSRS. EDITORS-I occasionally see inquiries as to the cording to patterns sent. Whilst this was doing, we were best method of curing and keeping corn sown för fodder. busy making the frame with three-inch scantling and With your permission I will give the mode I pursue, al- boards. We commenced the making at 4 o'clock P. m.; though I do not consider it the best, for I think all kinds at six had the rollers in, then the cog-teeth and grindingof fodder housed, better than when exposed to the weather. teeth—the latter I had to draw out, having driven them But many, after securing their hay and grain crops, have in too much, and reset them. By 8 o'clock ihe next mornnot room, or ought not to have room, for storing this kind ing it was in running order, and worked admirably and of fodder, unless they pull down their barns and build remarkably light, having a balance wheel six feet in diamelarger, for it requires a good deal of room, as it will not ter, made from two tires of wagon wheels. By 4 o'clock do to pack it close.
P. M., we had seven barrels of cider made and in the cellar. I sow the seed in drills two feet apart, and when the Now for the expense-I paid out less than two dollars corn is tasseled out, it is cut up with a common corn cut- and a half for blacksmith's work, iron, turning, and timter, and laid in small bunches for binding—the bundles ber; I had a mill that with careful usage would last twenshould be small, as it cures better. After binding it is ty-five years; I had eider that I sold for three dollars per put into small shocks and allowed to remain in the field barrel, and the apple-pomace for my hogs, after making a several weeks to dry. It is then drawn to some convenient cider of inferior grade. Another advantage was, it saved spot near the barn, and re-shocked, the shocks being made sixteen miles travel-I could make my cider evenings and much larger than at first, and the tops well secured by mornings, or on wet days. bands of twisted hay—this should be upon elevated ground,
The cider made at the public press, sold the same season 80 that the water shall not settle around the bottom of the for six shillings, that is seventy-five cents per barrel. The shocks. Here it remains until wanted for feeding out. rule then was to take eight bushels of apples and receive Treated in this way, I find that it keeps better than when therefor a barrel of cider, or a barrel of whisky for ten put into stacks, besides it is in a very convenient shape barrels of cider. No charge for making was made. for feeding out. Last fall, however, I made a small stack I have long thought of getting up a simple hand-mill, in this way-rails were placed well up from the ground, at from three to five dollars-one that will do more efficient and the stalks were laid upon them, butts out-the tops work than any patent mill I ever saw—and I may perhaps lapping about sixteen inches—the stack was long and nar- do so for our coming town fair. row, and about six feet high. The top was raised a little, My plan of cider-making was to grind the apples in the 80 as to carry off the water, and when finished was cover- evening-press out in the morning, and let it run all ed with a cap of cotton cloth. The fodder kept no better, day, and barrel at night; sometimes reverse it, grind in and was not as convenient for foddering as that in the the morning, press out and barrel in the evening-letting shocks. If the shocks are well made, the bundles set the cheese run all night. The pomace I sometimes ran close and well secured by a strong band at the top, the through the mill a second time, then water it sufficiently fodder will keep well until used up.
and let it lay a short time and press it. This forms a I have about two acres of this kind of fodder, raised drinkable article much sooner than the pure juice, and from western seed, which I am now cutting up, and which fines more rapidly. A little water is of advantage to the has attained a very heavy growth. It was sown in drills best of apple juice; I think six quarts to a barrel of pure two feet apart, and worked out onge with a light one horse juice. drag. It is quite thick in the rows, and is from six to nine Such a mill set coarse, may be used for crushing roots of feet high, and not fully tasseled out the stalks are from various kinds for hogs and stook, with as little labor as one-fourth to three-fourths of an inch in diameter-gen that bestowed in cutting straw, and I think at less exerally about half an inch. It was sowed the 13th of June. penditure of strength.
W. M, BEAUCHANP, I have another piece of half an acre sowed the 2d of July Skaneateles, August, 1860. --this is about three feet high, and is just the thing for feeding milch cows at this season of the year. This piece les Col. J. M. SHERWOOD of Auburn, has recently sold of ground was fitted and sown to turnips, but the fly des- a fine young Shorthorn bull, “Christmas Duke,” 2628, to troyed them as soon as out of the ground, and the corn G, W. Rosenberger, Esq., of Rockingham Co., Va.
[For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.]
pumpkins in the field until they become frost bitten and LETTER FROM LEVI BARTLETT. sun burnt, and almost worthless, before feeding them to
A SUBSCRIBER. How the Shakers Unload Hay. In the Co. Gent. of August 9th, Joun MOORE of
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator). Oxford, N. Y., inquires about the Shaker mode of unload
POTATOES.-FALL PLANTING. ing hay. Unloading hay by means of hook and horse power, has been practiced for many years past by the With a view to obtaining new potatoes earlier than by Shakers at Canterbury, N. H., an account of which was the usual process of spring planting, I prepared a small published in the old) New-England Farmer, some twenty patch in the gardeu, as follows: years ago; with Mr. Moore, it “strikes me as being supe- Dug trenches nine inches deep, two feet four inches rior to the horse fork, both as to the easement and dis- apart-strewed on the bottom long stable manure-set patch.” If I recollect right, it required but “four grabs " early Junes, whole, eight inches apart; then another layer of the hooks to carry a ton of hay from the cart, over the of long litter fresh from the stable, and filled up with four “high beams,” and deposit it, by the aid of the person inches of soil. All this on the 18th November. on the mow, in the right place.
As soon as the surface got to be well frozen, spread, as The South Family of Shakers at Canterbury, have re- is my usual practice, a light layer of straw all over the cently erected a new and capacious barn, so arranged that garden. They appeared above ground 14th May., Dug the loads of hay are driven into the upper story, and the between rows, and planted seventy-five Early York cabhay is pitched down instead of up.". Consequently they bages. Dug 26th July one and three-quarters bushels now have no use for hooks in unloading the hay. I was and two quarts, leaving the cabbage almost headed. Diat their place a few weeks since, and saw the hooks which mensions of patch, 252 square feet, which, throwing away they formerly used, but did not notice their particular the two odd quarts, gires 303 bushels to the acre. Such form, size, &c. I presume Mr. Moore could obtain the a yield, however, is not to be expected from field culture desired information by writing to David Parker, or Robert on a large scale, nor is the process and its results suffi. Shepard, Trustees of the 1st Family of Shakers—post ciently tested to warrant its adoption extensively; but office address, Shaker Village, Canterbury, N. H. under certain circumstances it may be convenient and Stable Floors-Tying up Cattle.
good economy, and the result of this little experiment
affords good encouragement to repeat it. In the same number of the Co. Gent., H. P. Norton inquires “ what will make the best floor for stables in a Potatoes of same kind planted 3d April came up and
As respects an early crop, the attempt was a failure. basement story.” I do not know but “stone and gravel” makes a good turned out larger, and very few small—and it is believed
matured ten days earlier-the fall planted, however, stable floor; but I am quite well satisfied with stable and much more in quantity, though there were no means of hovel floors made with good sound pine or lemlock, two inch plank, with an under floor of inch boards. My cat
making an accurate comparison. tle stand on a raised platform, with a water-tight gutter in peach blows" (earliness being out of the question,)
It is intended this fall to repeat the experiment with the rear, which receives their droppings, consequently they with furrows wide enough apart to admit of plowing are as clean and free from filth as if they remained in the between, and filling up at the proper time with cabbage pasture. In fastening my cattle in the hovel, I have made use of wooden bowa, chains and leather straps ; but all or ruta baga plants. c. Salisbury Mills, August, 1860. these gave them too much leeway. They would, when
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) lying down, get back into their filth. Some five years ago I fitted up my lovels with stanchions, and am satisfied
BREAD FROM UNBOLTED FLOUR. with them, and my oxen and cows appear to be so, for Eps, Co. Gent.-- A correspondent asks for some directions they are as eager to get into the hovels, when taken from for making bread from unbolted wheat flour. I have used it the pasture at night, in this dog-day weather, as they are in my family for several years, and am glad to give any one in the coldest days of winter. The floors are well littered the benefit of my experience. We like it particularly, baked with sawdust, loam or muck, which gives a much softer fresh for breakfast, and although I am no advocate for warm bed than Mr. Mechi's latticed hovel floors, which have no bread, I recommend this because I never knew it to hurt any bedding of any description. Some of my cows have not one; it is not clammy and indigestible, like bread made from passed a night outside of my hovel for five years. I regret that I had not more particularly noticed the
Take a pint of sour milk with a spoonful or two of cream or Shaker arrangement for fastening and loosing their cows buttermilk if you have it. Add salt and a table spoonful of “all at a time;" but I doubt not that Mr. Norton can out sifting, of course, until it forms a very stiff batter. Add
sugar (if you like it sweetened :) then stir in the four, withobtain the required information by writing to Messrs. a small teaspoonful of soda. Bake it in shallow pans with a Parker or Shepard (as abore directed), for it is a principle quick fire, and you will have as light and wholesomo a breakof the Shakers “to do good and communicate."
fast cake as you can desire,
And here let me add that I think this flour makes better (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) griddle cakes than buckwheat. How to Keep Pumpkins,
For bread I think it is best made on a fine flour foundation,
that is, when your white bread is ready to mould, but before I see that R. B. P. wishes to know how to keep pump any flour is added, take out enough for one lonf and add to it kins through the winter. To preserve them for domestic one or two spoonfuls of molasses and as inuch cold water ; uses, they must be cut into thin slices and dried; but I work these thoroughly, or the bread will be striped ; then stir wish to give you my practice in keeping pumpkins for Let it stand to rise with the white loaves; it will not appear
in as much unbolted flour as you can, but do not mould it. feeding to cows or other stock,
As soon as my corn is to rise as they do, but will be ready for the oven at the same cut up and stooked, and the pumpkins are ripe enough to time. h. Kecne, N. H. be taken from the vine, I take the largest and the best and place them under the stooks of corn, being careful
Raising Turkeys. not to break the stem from the pumpkin, This should be done before too many hard frosts. In this place they are
e procured the Bronze Turkeys, and find them more left until the corn is husked out, unless wanted for feed. hardy. I not only feed the young turkeys mostly upon ing; then they are drawn to the barn and placed care-eggs, but I give them all the shells, pulverized with the fully on the floor; from thence to the celler, when the hands. They need something of the kind, and will eat weather becomes sufficiently cool, and be careful to keep them many times in preference to the inside, I did not them dry and cool, Commence feeding the poorer ones lose one out of twenty-eight. They have been running at first, and then the better ones, as long as they last. large for three weeks, and we don't feed them at all. I am astonished to see many good fariners leave their Neu-Hartford.