Imágenes de páginas

N. R.

Yaquiries and Answers.

FIFE WHEAT.—Tell J. B. W, who inquires for Fife wheat, samples of wbich of wbieb I enclose you, that Walder Back

of Polo, Ogle co., III., bas a field of 300 acres in Fifo whent DestroyiNG LIVE-FOREVER.-I am sadly perplexed to this year, and there is another man at Shusong, who bar 1600 know what to do with a field on my farm, which is almost acres in wheat, mostly Fife. It is extensively raised in this completely infested with “Jive-forever.” Will you or some country, and is a good wheat, only it is late in ripening. It one of your host of correspondents, be kind enough to advise should be remembered that it is a spring wbeat. J. B. Mount me how to manage the pest so as to get rid of it, if such a Morris, IU. thing is possible, or how w employ the field to the best advan

INDIAN CORN.- We southern farmers are surprised at the tage With the pest in it, I inight as well abandon the lot large yields per aere of corn at the north, and I believe you as to attempt to dig it out root by root. Wu. H. VAN ORDEN. would confer an especial benefit on many readers, by getting Greene Co., N. Y. (Not having had any experience with this one of your successful farmers to give a thorough account of weed, we are not so well qualified to give advice as those who their preparation for, and culture, and product of a corn erop: have had it to contend with. We think, however, if it could be together with the quality of land, variety of corn, distance, turned under and completely buried with a largest size double implements, time of planting, &c.; and by no means an upMichigan plow, it could not survive the smothering process important item, the locality or latitude in which the crop was

The work would need of course to be very thoroughly and made, which I think does not appear as often as it should in completely executed. Paring, and carting off the crop for a the accounts of what some one did, and how and when he did compost heap, might answer on a moderate scale, but would it. 7. 8. Della, Tenn. be more laborious, and probably more imperfect.)

WARTB.-Can you or any of your readers inforin me of a Plants FOR NAME.-- Will you please inform me through cure for warts on a cow's tents? I have a valuable cow badly the Cultivator, if the plants, the flowers of which I enclose, affected that way, and it is a painful operation for her to be are noxious--they are plants which have appeared in this vi. milked.

A YOUNG FARMER. cinity within the past few years, and are spreading to some extent ; being unacquainted with them, I send them to you late. Is it advisnble to roll the tops down? If so, what is

ONIONS.--I have a field of onions, some of which are very hoping you may be able to identify them, and thereby con- the method of doing it? fer a favor upon others as well as myself. W. F. H.

D. J. B. (Will some of our onion

West Winsled, Aug. 15. (The smaller of the plants sent is the

growers answer the above ?] Trifolium procumbens or yellow clover, which in some pla

THRESHING MACHINE.-Can any of your numerous subces is becoming somewhat troublesome. The other is only a scribers inforin me which is the best machine now in use for single, badly pressed flower, and therefore difficult to pane, one borse ? I bave lately seen a power patented by William but appears to be a Rudbeckia, soine species of which we und Darling of Cincinnati. Has any one ased this power who derstand are assuming the character of a weed.]

can pirss upon its merits? Any information in regard to HOP-VINE INSECT.-Can any of your numerous correspon

threshers and horse. powers will be thankfully received.

Limerick Bridge, Pa. dents inform me what is the name of the insect that devours the hop leaves, and if they know of any reinedy?. P.J. B. and mueh oblige A SUBSCRIBER. (We are unable to find a

18 Please print a recipe for making huckleberry wine, Canada East. (Dr. Fitch describes the Hop-vine Snout. moth, the most destructive insect that devours the leaves of recipe for this purpose in any of our books. Perhaps some of the hop, and probably the one here alluded to. He thinks it our readers can furnish one.) probably introduced from Europe, where, according to the TOPPING CARROTS.-Can you or any of tho readers of the statement of Kirby & Spence, " the hop-grower is wholly at GENTLEMAN, give any easier or more speedy way of topping the mercy of insects -- they are the barometer that indicates carrots than taking each one up separately and performing the rise and fall of his wealth.". They make their appearance the operation with the knife, a very slow and laborions course ? suddenly and in immense numbers, and in a few days destroy Could it be done with a scythe before digging? w. 2. P. whole fields. If the bop-grower in Europe has so long suf- (The work is usually done with a knife, the top being used to fered from their destructive attacks without remedy, the pros assist in drawing the root from the earth. A scythe would pect is not very encouraging here. Dr. Fitch says the only not do the work with sufficient accuracy or evenness, but a remedy he has seen mentioned, is syringing or showering the good steel boo, ground sharp, might be used, and if a deep vines with stro-g soap suds or with a solution of oil soap in furrow were carefully plowed from each side, the roots might the proportion of two pounds of the soap to about fifteen gal. be taken out easily. A subsoil plow has been advantageously lops of water, but he does not say how efficient this remedy employed.) is. It would obviously require great labor and some expense MODERN ARCHITECTURE.-Will you please inform me if to go over large hop fields.)

there is any American work on Arcbitecture, which is good Salt as Manure.—Will you inform mo through the col- and explicit authority as to the proportions of the various umns of THE CULTIVATOR, whether it is practicable to use parts and members of the modern Rural Styles, or of which salt as a manure, and if it is, to what soils is it the most bene- tbe illustrations even, are models from which such details and ficial, and how is the best mode of applying it? A WRicut. proportions can be selected ? AMATEUR. (We do not know Alaưays Toron. (Salt has been tried to some extent us a that we quite understand what our correspondent wants. manure, and has mostly proved beneficial, more especially to The plans of Houses furnished in the REGISTER or RURAL the wheat crop. A few bushels may be sown per acre, and Arrains, and from time to tiene in this paper, are all drawn it soon finds its way into the soil by solution. Our own ob- upon a scale showing the parts and meinbers” in due "proservations indicate the best results on heavy soils.}

portion” with one another; but it is our impression that as Tobacco.—"L. B.” wants to know about culture of tobacco, a general rule it is the safest and least expensive mode for The culture is very simple, the main object seeming to be, to inexperienced persons to put their plans, however porfect, "unake it grow;" but if "L. B.” has no means of learning into the hands of a well qualified architect or builder for ex. practically the mode of " cutting, curing," &c., he had bet ocution. More ideas and suggestions with regard to plans can ter let it alone. The plants are obtained from a plant-bed probably be found in the two volumes of Rural áfrarrs, as cabbage plants are. F. S. Della, Tenn.

(sent post paid for $1 each,) than in any other work of equal

price.) Osagu ORANGE.-Toll Inquirer about the Osago Orange, that it is readily propagated by pieces of root eight inches oure of the blood spavio, will you please publish the following

BLOOD SPAVIN.-Seeing an inquiry from Bath, Me., for a long, set in the spring, with one end just at the surface. It remedy that with me has always effected a cure if timely apis more sure than seed to grow. A. S. u. Fredonia, N. Y. plied, and on a young borse. If the spavin is of long stand

Lois Weedon Wheat Culture.-On pago 362, vol. xv; ing it is very difficult to effect a permanent cure. Take the in the account of the system of half fallow culture pursued root of the poke weed (Phitalacea decandra ;) cut it in thin at Lois Weedon, the average yield of wheat is stated at slices, and boil it in urine till soft; with this decoction bathe thirty-six bushels por anpum. Does this apply to the whole the affected part once or twice a day till a cure is effected, area of five acres, or only to the alternate strips ? In other rubbing the swelling quite hard, downwards, with the banu words, do these strips yield at the rato of thirty-six or seven or any other smooth substance. It should not be so strong, ty-two bushels? The lattør, though not unprecedented, seems nor so frequently applied, as to remove the bair. If the poke an immense product. Novice. (As but one-half the land is weed does not grow in the neighborhood of the inquirer, we planted, the produce on that portion must be at the rate of will send him a few roots by express if he will direct where to soventytwo bushels per acro; but it must not hence be in- send them. Wilson Dennis. Applebachrille, Bucks Co., Pa. ferred that if the whole land was seoded, the acre would Ice Houses.-I saw something about ice houses in one of produce seventy-two bushels.)

the nos. of Co. Gent. I have one made two years ago, 16

feet deep and 16 feet in diameter, perfectly round, made of tries, each of twenty-five bushels Winter Wheat, competstone, plenty sand at the bottom to take off all water. it last winter withi snow ice, (best I could

get,) just threw it ing for the Canada Company's prize of $100, offered in in without placing it and covered with straw, (put straw at the following language: the bottom on rails first,) none on the sides, and we have used For the best 25 bushels of Fall Wheat, the produce of Canada West,

being the growth of the year 1860. Each sample must be of one dis ice and plenty left yet." W. Hall. Carroll Co., Ky.

tinct variety, pure and unmixed. The prize to be awarded to the acCALLANAN'S DITCH-DIGGER.—I see an article in the July tual grower only of the Wheat, which is to be given up to and become CULTIVATOR, p 224, on “Cheap Draining." Will you have the property of the Association, for distribution to the County Societhe kindness to describe the implement used, and the probable cost laid down here, being 14 miles from railroad, and Association with four others, respectively of $50, $40, $30

This liberal premium was wisely supplemented by the whether it can be used to advantage on muck land, and stoney and $20, the winner of the first only being called upon to to cut a ditch 18 inches wide, 3 feet deep. Please also to in- give up his wheat, but all required to furnish the Secreform me the manner of applying the power. J. C. Ellis. tary with a written statement of the nature of the soil, Frost Village, C. E. [The implement alluded to, was de- mode of preparation, the variety and quantity of seed, scribed in THE CULTIVATOR for May, p. 148, to which we re- and time of sowing, manures, (if any used,) produce per fer our correspondent for all the information he asks for, with acre of grain, and any other particulars of practical imthe exception of the price, which he will find advertised in portance, before being paid the amount of premium. the July no., p. 230.]

As to quality, it is difficult to imagine how it could have CLEANSING Wool.-I wish some of your subscribers to been much better; probably no premium was taken by give through the columns of THE CULTIVATOR, the best any sample weighing less than 63 or 64 lbs. to the bushel, method for washing wool after it is clipped, how to cleanse it while I was told by one of the Judges that the weight of and get the gum and dirt out without injuring the wool, and the first prize sample of two busbels was 664 lbs., while prepare it for carding into rolls. It will be of great benefit that of the whole twenty-five bushels shown, in one or two to the good ladies out west, for many of them know nothing about preparing wool. Also the best method to wash the instances, averaged throughout over sixty-five lbs. per cleanings of ourds, as they are greasy and pull up dirt. I bushel. The crop has this year, as may be imagined from wish to know how they may be cleaned to card again.

the above, been an extraordinary fine one in some locali. Henrysville, Ky.

D. M. FOULKS. ties; one farmer standing by stated that in his vicinity he

believed that 40 bushels per acre would be no more than EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE.

the average yield, while he personally knew of instances

in which fifty-two had been obtained. Whatever allowProvipcial Exhibition of Upper Canada. ance may be required for this, as an exceptional case, it is

enough to indicate-like one or two other matters to The grounds upon which the Show was held are within which I shall refer in due time—that our best farmers the city limits, although nearly a mile, perhaps, from the will have to look to their laurels. central hotels. They comprise eighteen or twenty acres The Fruits which, with a less extensive assortment of admirably adapted for the purpose, although neither regu- Flowers, constituted the most ornamental and striking dislar in outline nor level in surface. A broad graveled walk what I suppose to be the best Fruit region in Canada

play in the Palace building, represented excellently well leads from the main entrance, which was arched over and that lying between the two lakes, Ontario and Erie, appropriately ornamented with evergreens, to the “Crystal especially that part of it more immediately adjacent to Palace,” standing at the head of a gentle rise upon an the northern shore of the latter, while, indeed, it is probaaltitude sufficiently great to be seen at a considerable dis- ble that through a great part of the two counties of Lintance to good advantage. The actual cost of this building vantage than in any other part of the province of equal

coln and Haldimand, fruit may be cultivated to better ad. alone, I was informed, was fully $12,000.

extent. I do not wish to appear invidious in the mention Of the contents of the Crystal Palace I must speak cur- of names, among so many that were deserving of particusorily, except as to the fruits and grains, which deserve lar notice for beautiful assortments, but I could not for. particular mention ; they included a general show of bear particularly remarking the complete and handsome manufactured products, considerable machinery, musical lot presented by our correspondent,

D. W. Beadle of St.

Catherines, from his father's nurseries at that place-ininstruments, quite a fine art collection, models of various cluding 80 varieties of Apples, 30 of Pears, 10 of the kinds, artificial manures, &c., &c., all in sufficient num. Peach, grown in open air, ið of Grapes, with a collection bers to convey to a stranger like myself, on his first visit in jars of preserved small fruits—and I make this mention to this part of Canada, a most favorable impression of its the more readily because I availed myself of Mr. B.'s ex. home resources and advancement in the useful and orna- region, a list of sorts which are found to be most success

perience to obtain for the benefit of our readers in that mental arts. On the western section of the ground floor, ful in its climate and on its soils, for practical purposes, the display of garden vegetables as a whole, was certainly including general hardiness, productiveness and superior one of the best I have ever seen, if others may have sur-quality. For example the 20 sorts of Apples selected by passed it, in some particulars and perhaps also in mere him, with all these considerations in view, were these :extent. To the north were the dairy products, of which,

Hubbardston Nonsuch. Early Joe.

King of Tompkins County. both butter and cheese, the exhibition was very fair.

Northern Spy. The Grains, however, as just intimated, and to which Primate.

Rhode Island Greening.

Ribston Pippin, we are now coming, must be classed among the half-dozen Duchess of Oldenburg.

Roxbury Russet.

Gravenstein, prominent features of the Exhibition, in any and all of which I cannot but regard it as comparing most creditably

Bnow Apple or Fameuse.

Norton's Melon,

Wagener. with any Show I have ever seen. As to extent, an idea may be obtained from the following summary of the princi

This list, it will be noticed, contains many of our old pal entries:

favorites with a few kinds of more recent introduction, Best two bushels of Winter Wheat,

A dozen sorts of Pears, which generally succeed well with Bert two bushels of Spring Wheat,

him, are the Best two bushels of Barley... Best two bushels of Rye...


Belle Lucrative,
Best two bushels of Onts, white 53, black 19,- total,... 72

Flemish Beauty,
Best two bushels Field Peas,..
Best bushel white Field Beans,

White Doyenne.
Best two bushels Indian Corn.white 33, yellow 40-total, 65
Best bushel Timothy seed.

Easter Beurre,
Best bushel Clover seed,

The Bartlett, however, suffers in some localities from the But more striking than all this, were the thirty-troo en extreme cold which occasionally prevails,


Bough, Large Sweet
Early Harvest.

Pomme Grise.


Jersey Sweet

Seek-no further.
Talman's Sweet.


R3 entries,
84 do,
C4 do,


do. 79

do, 29



Osband's Summer.
Beurre Giffard,
Beurre Bosc,


Beurre Diel,






But our time is limited and we shall see nothing of the seldoni seen in our show-yards, but one of which I may Live Stock unless we abandon at once the charms of repeat what was just said of the Galloways, that they dePomona. I said there were half-a-dozen prominent fea- serve to be better known. tures of excellence in the Show, and if the Grains and The show of Poultry was large, the coops admirably Fruits were entitled to rank among them, not less so is arranged as regards the comfortable examination of their the display of Cattle throughout, and that of Sheep in the contents, and the long range of roofing under which they classes of Cotswolds and Leicesters. I say nothing of the were sheltered was constantly crowded. Horses, for beyond one or two good specimens of the Among the implements no visitor could fail to notice heavy English dray horse, I saw none of them; and, as to the number and variety of CULTIVATORS that were exhibitthe Swine, it may be added in few words that the Show ed, and connected with this fact may be mentioned a was a respectable one, without anything particular to at- second, namely, that the show of Roots—although a gentract attention unless it was some pens of Imported large tleman assured me that they had had more and better on breeds, which were almost constantly surrounded by an some other occasions—was certainly among the very best admiring crowd. I was indebted to the kindness of Mr. that I have ever seen, including particularly Long Red Secretary Thomson for the privilege of ascertaining from and Yellow Globe Mangolds, Sugar Beets, Swede Turnips, the Society's books that there were about 700 Sheep on and Yellow Aberdeens. The show of Potatoes was also the ground, and that the Entries of Cattle in their respec- very large and admirable. tive classes were as follows:

It is in this matter of sheep, roots, and implements of Short Horns (Durhams).

58 entries. tillage, that we “Americans" might profitably study the exHerefords,

ample of those of our brethren in Canada West, who have Ayrshires,

brought into the practice of colonial cultivation some of Galloways, For best bull of any age or breed,

the best ideas of the old country farming. My friend above Among the Short-Horns, some were entitled to praise alluded to had 40 acres of turnips and rape on his farm, as really first class animals, and the range of merit the latter for sheep feed during August and September when throughout was above the average, while here in some de grass is likely to be short, and he represented this attention gree, and still more among the Devons, not only does the to roots as no unusual thing in his district of country. Over contribution by so many different exhibitors to make up twenty-five years experience in this country had only served the show, speak well for the distribution of improved stock in his case to strengthen that very peculiar British prejudice in the hands of the farmers of the country, but the excel in favor of ample manuring through the agency of the lence of the young animals bred from imported parents farmer's sheep and cattle, which seems most singularly to also proves that the breeders are working well for the in- have melted away under the free and enlightening influterests of the herds they are rearing.

ences of republican agriculture. I cannot pursue the subIt is an unpleasant task to call in question the decision ject, but I shall hope sometime to have the opportunity of appointed judges, and one that I am never disposed to of examining more closely the farming, of which such roots, undertake; for, if minor differences of opinion are to be and sheep, and cultivators, are the emblems, for they, as canvassed at length, we should have room for little else. well as the crop-reports of which I have above given an But among the few prize cards that had been distributed example, savor more strongly of the principles and the sucwhen I made the rounds of the stalls, there was one in- cess of “English Agriculture " than anything I have seen stance of gross misjudgment which I do not think it just for just about a twelve-month past. to pass by. Mr. Frederick Wm. Stone of Guelph, exhibit- As one draws to its conclusion a letter like this, which ed, among other Short-Horns, the imported cow " Desde. must be mailed, whether ready or no, at a certain hour of mona," bred by Mr. Ambler, of which I ain saying a great the clock, many things press forward upon the mind, for deal, but not too much, when I add that not half a dozen which room can scarcely be found in pen and ink. Among of the cows ever imported into this country would care to matters especially demanding notice is the public spirit compete with her before any intelligent judge, notwith- with which Hamilton, in common with several other Canastanding which fact she was placed third to a first and dian towns, has come forward in support of the great insecond, one of which latter was just a nicish sort of beast, terest on which, more than any other, the prosperity both and the other could scárcely have come out ahead among of that country and of ours, is dependent-its agricultural some high bred grades I have seen at our shows. As con- improvement. solation, Mr. S., however, took the herd prize in which this The total amount expended upon the grounds and ereccow, “Desdemona,” was included, together with the bull tions here, of which I cannot make room for a fuller des" 3d Grand Duke," of his own breeding, the cow.cription, was stated to me at $35,000, including the Palace “ Eugenia,” also imported from Ambler, and a pair of building—$22,000 of which, if I understand rightly, is apheifers that were very sweet and pretty. The Millers, John propriated by the city authorities. The buildings are perSnell, and others, were prominent among exhibitors, but I manently erected, and with great perfection, convenience should scarcely venture to name any for the reason that so and completeness; there they stand for the use of the local few of the cards, from which alone they could be had, were society, and for other purposes, with each recurring year, given out when I took my last look.

and for the Provincial Association as it alternates from The Devons, as will be seen from the number of entries, place to place, perhaps once in three, four or five years. were out in large force, and this, together with the excel. The grounds are like a park, and may be regarded one for lence of many gave the breed some prominence over others. all practical purposes. It seems to me that we shall have The Galloways showed an evident gain in public opinion, to revert to some such system on our side the line, sooner and I cannot but renew the opinion I expressed in writing or later; the example of public enterprise shown in this from Scotland last year, that they are well worth more at: direction by our Canadian neighbors is particularly worthy tention than we have ever given them. I should regard of remark, for the expensive system of annually fitting up the display of them here as a very fair one-the aged stock structures which the demand of exhibitors compels us to showed good size in several instances, straight and tole- make more and more costly with every year, is one that often rably even contour and good "quality," while among the bears unequally upon private generosity, while, at the same young things there were one or two promising even better. time, there are so many advantages which may result in

What can I add, with regard to the sheep, to what has other directions from the possession of complete and perbeen already said ? Mr. Stone, who has just returned from manent erections, that it seems legitimately a matter comEngland, has imported recently over 50 head of Cotswolds. ing within the range, as they have there regarded it, of He was exhibiting about 40 out of his Aock, upon which some decided action on the part of our State or local he had altogether 14 prizes. He also showed a pen of authorities.

L. H. T. South Downs, two imported and two of his own breeding, that were very nice. The entries of Leicesters alone were er Mrs. JAMES Hall of this city, will please accept 76 in number, including among them many that I should be our thanks for fine Bartlett Pears, as well as for similar glad to notice at length, and the Cheviots formed a class polite attentions heretofore.


(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.)

CULTURE OF THE STRAWBERRY. Some hints on barvesting clover seed may prove valuable to the farmer--but first, a few items in regard to grow.

MESSRS. EDITORS—Having numerous inquiries about

my ing it. A rich soil and favorable season are required to

"strawberry patch," as to soil, cultivation, &c., allow

me a little space to answer them. The soil is a Joamy produce a large crop. The first growth is mown early-gravel, with porous subsoil

, and has only been worked as soon as fairly in blossom-for hay; leaving the second twelve to fifteen inches deep with a plow. Ten years ago or after growth to go to seed, as it is usually less rank and it was occupied by fruit trees, which were removed to better filled than the first. Sometimes, however, both the make a garden, and was occupied as a vegetable garden first and second growth may blossom largely and yet pro- berry (Wilson's) on a small part of it. One year ago last

till two years ago last fall. I set out thirty plants of strawduce very little seed—from some cause not well understood. spring the remainder was set also, three rows on the bed It is said that the application of plaster to the clover field which is bounded by my gravel walk on one side and an in spring will secure a better yield of seed from the second open drain on the other, which carries the slop water from crop, while a direct application after mowing the first the kitchen.

The land is only in fair condition-has had no manure growth is found to increase the rankness of the hay at the

since I first began to put out the strawberries. The plants expense of the filling of the heads with seed.

have run and covered the ground, but have been taken Clover seed should be harvested as soon as sufficiently out where they were too thick, but I did not make them ripe, and we would only wait until two-thirds of the heads quite thin enough to allow room for picking, which I-think were brown before commencing the work. Early cutting is best. generally gives better weather for curing; there is less

But the secret I think is, that my well is but a few feet loss of seed from the shelling out of the earliest, best fill water daily from a hand sprinkler. The first carried to

off, and the bed was supplied with one to two barrels of ed heads; and the straw is of greater value as fodder for market was June 4th, and we had a supply for the table cattle than if allowed to stand until the whole is dead ripe. over four weeks from this bed. Besides, the later ripening heads, for which we wait, really

The manure used while raising vegetables was barnı yard bave little value, being poorly filled with seed.

and muck. The best implement for harvesting is a reaper-the grain close, and with a spade turned under all but three rows

Since done picking in July, I mowed off the old vines platform attached, with a board at the back edge to retain eight to twelve inches wide, which are now covered heavily a larger amount of clover—when full to be pitched or raked with a new growth of leaves. I forgot to say I put about off in heap8. If clover stands well it may be cut high; it half a cord of tan bark on this bed last spring. saves time in curing and labor in handling, and leaves the

Sonne one once said (I think Mr. Pardee,) that "a lazy dryer portions of the stalk upon the field.

man could not raise strawberries," and acting on this, no

As soon as fairly dry, it should be drawn to the barn, as it cannot be weeds have been allowed to get a foot-hold. No special secured in the cock against rain. When spread out, how- fertilizers have been used. A. S. Moss. Fredonia, N. Y. ever, as when left in the swath, or in small gavels from the reaper, it is little injured by rain, though heavy storms

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.] may wash off a portion of the seed.

To Exterminate “Iron Weed," &c. In cutting with the scythe, we may turn two swaths to

MESSRS. EDITORS-In reply to your inquiry on this gether to facilitate the work of raking. With good weather it will be cured sufficiently to draw in the second day after point, for the benefit of P. D., Bullitt Co., Ky., I would cutting; if not, it may be raked, when slightly damp, into state as my experience, that “iron weed,” and many other small bunches, or pitched together with a barley fork. Care cated in a few years, by systematic cuttings twice a year

pests to Kentucky woodland pastures, can be easily eradi. in handling is requisite to prevent loss from the dropping before the ripening of their seeds. As akin to this, I will of the heads, and, from the stiff bush-like character of the add that locust or other tree sprouts, infesting either pas. straw, it may be placed in the mow in a greener state than hay or grain without injury. The moisture should be dried tures or cultivated lands, may be destroyed most easily by off , but an occasional juicy stalk will do no harm.

cutting one or two years successively, in the latter part of

August. The seed can be separated from the straw with a common threshing machine cylinder, having a long shaker or dent, w. A.

, Iowa City, in default of a certain remedy

Perhaps it would be well to suggest to your correspon. box full of holes attached, so that the heavier part of the lor foundered stock, which may get into a cornfield and chaft which contains the seed may fall through. This work eat too much," that the prevention of that occurrence by is best performed in freezing cold weather, when no damp. good fencing and selling or confining breachy stock is enness is present in the seed or air. To get the clean seed, tirely practicable. T. B. Woodvine, Ky. a clover buller is employed—a machine which rubs the seed from the chaff, which is passed through it again and again, until the separation is complete. Wherever the

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.] crop is much grown, there are farmers who make it their

PICKLED PLUMS. business to go from barn to barn with these machinesthreshing, hulling, and cleaning the seed at a specified price Seven pounds of plumns-4 pound of sugar-1 quart of per bushel, usually about one dollar.

vinegar--1 ounce of cloves-1 ounce of cinnamon. If grown only in small quantities for home use, clorer Boil the vinegar and sugar together, and pour them oror sced may be threshed with faile, or trodden out with horses, the plums, three mornings in succession. The fourth mornand sown in the chaff, which is full as certain to “ catch," ing put them all over the fire--simmer but not boil. Lay the and perhaps more sure than that cleaned so nicely. Stiu spices in layers with the plums before the vinegar is poured on. it is difficult to regulate the quantity as closely, or dis

Cucumbers. tribute as evenly, as with the clean seed, but by putting

Tako I gallon of molasses, and 2 gallons of water, and penr it on liberally one may be sure of a thorough seeding.

orer your cucumbers, and in three weeks you will have good Though as a general rule “farmers should raise their own

pickles. grass seed,” we question the policy of taking repeated crops of seed from every clover meadow-believing the practice with the addition of a little alum, until they begin to be ten.

Take green tomatoes, slice them, scald in salt and water to tend rapidly to the exhaustion of the soil. Ån occasional der ; skim thein out, and put them in a stone jar. Take crop may be allowed, but very often the hay would prove enough good vinegar to cover them, and to every quart add of more value than the seed obtained, considering the com- one pound of sugar and spices. Scald them and pour over the parative labor of securing, and effect upon the soil.

the tomatoes hot. s. M. N. Alburgh, Vt.


usually abundant and perfect. At Rochester we regretted having no more time to visit our Horticultural friends, who


THE CULTIVATOR. factorily on the growing public appreciation of fine fruit,

and taste for ornamental trees and plants.

The Potato Rot is everywhere beginning to show itself ALBANY, N. Y., OCTOBER, 1860.

quite plainly—the tops in some fields being already en

tirely gone. The few who have thus far escaped its atF During the past week we had the opportunity of time, for the weather still continues of precisely the kind

tacks, will have to regard it we fear as only a question of spending a day at the Agricultural College Farm at Ovid best 'adapted to promote its extension. upon Seneca Lake. The transverse wing at the extreme south and the longitudinal wing which connects it with THE WHEAT CROP AT THE WEST. — All accounts reprethe site of the central Building, are now completed, and sent the wheat crop in the Western States as much larger will be furnished in the course of the coming Autumn ; the than was anticipated. As samples of what we find in our former, 60 by 847 feet, and four stories in height, and the western exchanges, we quote the following: latter of three stories, 58 feet by 128—the two calculated The Ottawa (ill.) Free Trader of Aug. 18, says—“The to accommodate from one hundred to one hundred and wheat harvest in this region presents the singular feature fifty students, with apartments in the basement for tem- of turning out much heavier wben the wheat comes to be porary use as recitation rooms, etc., wbich are designed threshed than was anticipated. It is a very common resubsequently to find place in the central erection. The mark among farmers, that where they anticipated a yield provision for thorough ventilation is remarkably complete; of 20 bushels to the acre, it has gone up to 30 or 35. and the arrangements for heating, by means of warm air, 30 and 40 bushels to the acre are indeed very common in and for lighting with gas, will probably prove economical the county. Mr. Wm. Powell, Somonauk, had out seven as well as conducive to health and comfort.

acres of wheat. It looked well, and he counted on 30 We understood it to be the determination of the Trus- bushels to the acre. He threshed it and found the yield tees to open the Sessions of the Iustitution with the Win- 327 bushels-nearly 50 to the acre! Instances like this ter Term, the first of December next. Major M. R. are indeed quite cominon all over the county." PATRICK, the President, will soon have a circular ready The Maquoketa (Iowa) Sentinel of August 16, says; with full information as to the Classes for which Students "Mr. George W. Bowman threshed for Mr. Seymour Day, will be received, the Text books decided on, the additional one of our farmers, who sowed last spring twenty-four Instructors appointed, together with such other particu- bushels of wheat upor sixteen acres of ground, and har. lars as may be required, which may be had by addressing rested 650 bushels; making just 404 bushels to the acre." him at Ovid, Seneca Co.

The Wabashaw (Minnesota) Journal says: “The yield The location upon the lake is a pleasant one, and is of wheat is so large in some localities of Minnesota, that more accessible than many have supposed—the lake re. owners of threshing machines are offering to thresh out maining unfrozen in winter, so that the Ovid landing may the product of some fields for the excess over thirty at any season be reached by steamboat from Geneva in bushels per acre. The usual rate is one-tenth. They are about two hours, or from Jefferson at the head of the lake calculating on a yield of over thirty-three bushels per in a little longer time, from which latter point there is acre." railroad connection with the Erie line and all its numerous

CORE FOR LAYING CEMENT PIPE.-A correspondent in branches. From the village of Ovid, which the College Connecticut, Mr. Levi S. Wells, contributes for the Co. Farm adjoins, there is a fine view of Cayuga Lake, some Gent. his experience with a new Patent Core, the use of miles to the eastward, and ready access may also be had, which he thus describes :—“The acqueduct is made by if desired, by various means of communication in this using a bag or core of rubber cloth, which being inflated direction.

with air, is laid upon a coating of cement mortar in the - From Ovid we proceeded to Elmira, where, in the bottom of the ditch, and then covered with mortar, and midst of a driving rain, we found the grounds allotted for left a few moments to set; when the air is let out of the our next State Fair as dry and hard as possible, their core, and it is drawn out, leaving a nicely formed acquegravelly soil being capable of any extent of saturation duct, having a caliber of one, two, or more inches-dewithout becoming muddy. The buildings are now well pending upon the size of the core used—then, proceeding under way, and the promise of attendance from “the south-again as before, and forming one continuous pipe without ern tier,

," from Pennsylvania, and from our western joints, of any desired length. A man with help to precounties, we were assured was very large-so much so, pare the cement can lay from ten to twenty rods a day." that probably the full capacities of the place will be taxed He also commends this kind of pipe in very high terms— for its accommodation, although Elmira is well provided more so, in fact, than we should care to publish, except with hotels, and is said to contain a population of eleven as the result of a longer and more complete trial of the or twelve thousand by the census of the present year. pipe laid, as well as of the invention referred to. — Returning home by way of Rochester, we found over

SEEDLING PLUMS.-We have received from C. REAGLES the whole area embraced in our inquiries, a reported Wheat crop, perhaps fully equal to the large yield of 1859. & Son of Schenectady, specimens of a new seedling plum Major Dickinson assured us at Elmira, that the yield per from the seed of the Washington. It is large, slightly acre was actually proving five bushels larger than antici- oval, (rounder than its parent,) full and obtuse, yellow pated, throughout the central and western portions of the with carmine dots on the sunny side, flesh rather coarse, State, so favorable has the season been to the production good," and adhering strongly to the stone. On tasting of plump grains and full ears. As to Oats, we were rather it with specimens of the Washington, we think it hardly surprised to find so large a quantity all along our route, as good as the latter, yet it has hardly had a fair chanee, still exposed to the weather, much yet uncut, and some having been sent over two hundred miles of railway. that had apparently been already "kept out in the wet" single examination is insufficient to enable any one to for many showery days. This crop is said to be large, not- decide satisfactorily on the character of a new fruit. withstanding the loss that must have thus been occasioned. MORE OF MY EXPERIENCE WITH HAY CAPs. I wish Corn is generally late, but, without frost next month, will the Co. Gent. "to keep them before the people ”—here probably turn out pretty well

. The Orchards appear to are a "peculiar institution ” for a wet climaie or rainy be wonderfully productive through all Western New-York. weather. I have 160 caps, and no doubt but that they Near Ovid we remarked an old garden of plums banging have paid all they cost, during this season of haying and as full of fruit as though that millennium had already ar- barvesting, to say nothing of the three past years they have rived when the curculio shall no more ravage and destroy; been in use, and the future benefit to be derived from and all about the City of Nurseries we were told that them. If I can only get my wheat aut and set up in good plums, pears and peaches, as well as apples, will be un- I order, under caps, my anxiety dwindles to nothing-if it


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