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EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS, 395 BROADWAY, ALBANY, N. Y. even—any one who is acquainted with the general farming J. J. THOMAS, ASSOCIATE EDITOR, UNION SPRINGS, N. Y. of the country will readily believe. Such men have deAGENTS IN NEW-YORK:
clared it as their firm and carefully grounded opinion, that C. M. Saxtox, BARKER & Co., Ag. Book Publishers, 25 Park Row. were the course of cultivation-of manuring and manage.
THE CULTIVATOR has been published twenty-six years. A New ment-pursued by our best farmers generally folllowed, SERIES was commenced in 1853, and the seven volumes for 1853, 4, 5, 6, the average yield, per acre, of all our staple crops could • 7, 8 and 9, can be furnished, bound and post-paid, at $1.00 each.
TERMS-FIFTY CENTS A Year.-Ten copies of the Cultivator and be increased one-fourth throughout the State, within three Ten of the Annual Register of Rural AFFAIRS, with one of each years after such general adoption of the improved methods free to the Agent, Five Dollars.
of farm management. "THE COUNTRY GENTLEMAN," a weekly Agricultural Journal of 16 quarto pages, making two vols. yearly of 416 pages, at $2.00 per
We have spoken and shall continue to speak of the year, is issuedby the same publishers.
means which may be employed in restoring, keeping up, and increasing the fertility of the soil. Animal and
vegeIMPROVED FARMING NEEDFUL.
table manures and composts form the basis, with which The fact that the soil may be largely exhausted of its the stimulating mineral fertilizers may be employed, and elements of fertility and in a measure worn out, will these, with thorough drainage and subsoiling, are ready scarcely be disputed while there are so many farms which means in the hands of those whose resources enable them have come, by long and improvident culture, to give less to use the more costly and really most profitable means of and less return of crops, year after year. Nor will it be improvement. Those who are differently situated-and denied that our best land can be over-cropped and mis- to them we would address more particularly our conclumanaged, for it is well known that much of this compara- ding remarks—who make but little manure and are illy tively sterile land was once richly productive, giving for supplied with the raw material for composts—who have many years, without manures or careful culture, very large no means for the purchase of costly fertilizers or the carand profitable crops. It has been found that the best rying out of extensive improvements, must turn their atsoils, if long cultivated in grain, without being in meadow tention to equally effective though much less rapid means or pasture at times, or receiving periodical dressings of of restoration ; the growing and plowing in of green crops. manure, must thus wear out—must become more or less In this way, aided by the fertilizers which every farmer sterile from exhaustion-for every crop grown and re- may command, worn-out soils have often been restored to moved, carries with it portions of the supply of food for comparative fertility, and good soils have been kept good vegetable growth therein contained. The elements thus for many years, as for instance, in the rotation of wheat abstracted are found to be indispensable, and must be re- and clover, so long and successfully followed in Onondaga stored to the soil, in some way, before it can regain its county, as recently stated in our extract from Mr. Gedformer productiveness.
des' Report. (Co. Gent., Sept. 13, 1860.) We hope few of our readers have to contend with the On a badly worn-out soil, however, clover will not grow, difficulties of these "worn-out farms,"—and they will be even with plaster, if it has been freely applied heretofore, less inclined to think so, while harvesting the bounteous without an additional dressing of barnyard manure, or at crops of the present season, than ever before—yet we least will produce but a light crop, but on most soils this know that many possess those which are not as productive proves a cheap and efficient application. Buckwheat is as they have been, and hence we believe improved farm- often successfully employed in the first named cases, and ing needful, as our caption declares—believe that the sometimes rye and various other green crops are plowed means of restoring and improving their fertility and pro- under to increase the vegetable matter in the soil. Were ductiveness is a matter of interest to individual land own. it our case, we should make a strong effort to produce ers as well as the public at large. Private prosperity Clover if the land was suited to it; if not, other grasses. makes up, and is at the foundation of national prosperity, Heeding the caution, “don't attempt too much,” we would and especially is this applicable to the condition of the begin gradually according to the means possessed, and go farmer. Any plan by which the average yield of any of forward thoroughly with the work, manuring no more land the great agricultural products of this state could be in than can be manured well, and plowing none that cannot creased even a few bushels per acre, would add milions to be left richer than before. The greater part of the mathe aggregate wealth of the State. An increase above the nure should be devoted to the production of grass and full cost of production, it should be remera bered, counts corn, to be fed out on the farm, and thus increase the supas clear profit to the producer. That such an increased I ply of fertilizing material. When we have the soil filled
with the roots of clover, or thickly turfed with grass, we scribed, down to the wretched, shattered, broken-windowhave a store of vegetable matter to plow under which will ed, thistle-grown, dirt-infested dwelling. Very few were enable us to produce another and more valuable crop. as good as the former, and few as bad as the latter. Most
Deep plowing will often work wonders on these "worn- had at least a few objectionable features—we observed but out” farms. In many cases it is only the surface soil very few places that did not contain one or more of the which has been used and exhausted; a few inches below foilowing characteristics, not to be found on the very best lies another farm which has never been worked, and which and well kept premises :only needs turning up to the sun to prove its power to 1. Houses with broken windows, sometimes with old grow valuable crops. In other cases the soil is shallow hats or rags thrust in to keep out the weather, but usually
with free ventilation. because it is full of stagnant water, making it cold and
2. Houses with unfinished chimneys, and with brick and lifeless, and unfitted for the growth of grain or grass. mortar lying on the roof. Drainage is the potent remedy for this evil-it gives life
3. Houses, with loose clapboards, some of which have and power to the soil ; when the cold water flows off the been knocked off, and others hanging by a single nail. warm air follows-it aerates, deepens and changes the 4. Door-yards rooted up by pigs, the latter having free very nature of the soil as regards its value for the purposes access, for the convenience of ready feeding with kitchen
slops. of the farmer. The means of improvement here, and for
5. Door-yards grown up with burdocks and thistles, with merly indicated, including a well adapted course of crop- a few scattered half dead fruit trees surrounded with ping and culture, will increase the fertility of any soil suckers. kowever impoverished—increase it, at least so as to fur- 6. Door-yards with scattered boards, uncorded wood, nish the means of more extensive and increasingly thor-old barrels and boxes, and slop puddles. ough renovation. No one who carefully reads a reliable down in the middle, shingles partly off, — boards occasion.
7. Broken-back barns, that is, with the roof deeply bent agricultural journal, can be at a loss for plans by which he ally off the sides, or hanging at one end by nails. can increase the profit of his labor, and it is one great ob- 8. Barns with the doors off the hinges, and propped ject of our care to keep before the people the fact that with rails. improved farming is both needful and possible, as well as
9. Barns with large piles of manure against the side by far the most profitable.
boards; and wagons, harrows, and plows scattered about the yard.
10. Orchards with dead limbs, broken branches, and FARMERS' DAGUERREOTYPES.
abundance of suckers and coarse weeds about the foot of
the trunks. Every one desires his photograph, and millions are an. 11. Piles of apple brush thrown along fences, and nually taken by the many artists who abound throughout plentifully invested with thistles, mulleins, and burdocks, the country, for the gratification of the many friends of
the fences often half down with many scattered rails in
every variety of position. every individual. They are mostly enclosed in neat mo
12. Fences lined and nearly hid with tall nettles and rocco cases, instead of being hung up to view, and packed elder busbes. away in drawers, or deposited in piles upon library and 13. Board fences with posts set very shallow, and leanparlor tables. But there is another kind of daguerreotype, ing at various angles of inclination-sometimes propped
with stakes—boards occasionally knocked off, or hanging which farmers present of themselves, in a much more
at one end. public manner, so as to be seen by every traveller that
14. Pastures in thin or partly cut woods, or in newly passes the railway or public road. They do not represent cleared land, with many decaying piles of brush, and a the farmer's face, but his character. They exbibit to luxuriant growth of thistles, iron-weed, and poke. every one, his ability as a cultivator, his taste for neatness
15. Pastures innumerable filled with a dense growth of
ambrosia or rag-weed. and order, and in some degree his moral character, so far
16. Wet pastures, poached while wet with the feet of as this is exhibited by a conscientious regard for the com- cattle into rough knobs, and grown up with coarse grass fort of his domestic animals, and for the welfare and hap- and smart-weed. piness of his children. In short, every landowner or 17. Cornfields with a dense undergrowth of weeds, and country resident is in some degree pictured by the exter- potato fields with a dense overgrowth of the same. nal appearance of his premises. There may be some ex- tions, the latter variously covered with coarse grass, weeds,
18. Plowed fields with wet patches or unplowed porceptions,-resulting from sickness, or from early progress, and bushes. commenced with nothing, or new and unfinished homes,- 19. Cows running at large in the streets, dropping their but these exceptions do not destroy the general rule. manure in the most inconvenient places, and thrusting During a recent journey through some of the Western their heads through poor sences into neighbors' cabbages
and cornfields. States, we saw thousands of these daguerreotypes. Some of them presented pleasing thrifty characters, in neat, well larly setting out plants in unprepared ground, never cut
20. Attempts at hedging made by carelessly and irregubuilt, well kept houses, surrounded with handsome door- ting, and allowing the line to become covered with weeds yard scenery, well planted shrubbery, well cultivated gar- and grass. dens, and painted or whitewashed farm-buildings, in per
These results will always take place when the owners fect order. The door-yards were not encumbered with forget that the price of neatness and success is eternal tall grass, nor the garden and farm fences with tall weeds. vigilance—and that the original curse of “thorns and The owners had evidently spent the spare time, occupied thistles” is intended to be converted to a blessing by inhy some at grog shops, or in idleness, in these various im- ducing industry, enterprise, and the cultivation of the provements, to make home comfortable for their families vigorous virtues. and attractive to their children. These pictures of charac
We are glad to say that very many farms were nearly ter were examined and dwelt upon with much pleasure.
free from these blemishes, often not more than one or two But there were other daguerreotypes, -very numerous, rapidly decreasing and disappearing before the intelligence
to be seen at a time, and we are informed that they are --and not quite so pleasing in kind. They were of all and spirit of enterprise which agricultural societies and grades, from such as nearly approach those already de. periodicals bave done so much to foster.
5 15 10
EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE. was crowded with eager speakers and listeners, and while
the room occupied might have been both larger and more The Elmira Meeting of the N. Y. State Ag. comfortable, we had renewed evidence that this interchange
ELMIRA, October 6. of experience and opinion is coming to be one of the real Amidst the pressure of other duties, I snatch an odd attractions of our Annual Autumn Meetings. It is with half hour to place on record the general features of this great pleasure that I acknowledge the courtesy shown by Exhibition. The week opened with rains on Monda y, my friend, Joseph Harris of the Genesee Farmer, in percontinuing until Tuesday P. M. ; while the gleams of sun. mitting me to avail myself of his full and judicious Notes shine through that afternoon and Wednesday, and on of what was said and done during Tuesday evening ; this Thursday morning, were at best but dull and evanescent, report as kindly written out by him for the Country GENand gave way about noon on the last mentioned day to TLEMAN appears in another column, and I am promined in drenching showers--at night breaking away it is true, but season for next week, a similar account of the proceed. followed yesterday (Friday) by a close foggy morning. ings Thursday night. Mr. Thomas' Notes of Wednesday Later in the day, we had farther sunshine, and the address evening, are also given elsewhere, and there is no part of was delivered and premiums paid under brighter skies, the history of the Exhibition which will be of more enalthough in a freshening wind; and this (Saturday) morn- during interest or more general value.. ing is the only day of the week which has not toned down I subjoin a full list of the Premiums awarded on Cattle, our morning salutations into the same foggy expression of Sheep and Swine:uncertain hope and fear, which seems natural to the
Class 1.--Cattle. weather in this portion of the valley of the Chemung.
SHORT-HORNS-BULLS. So much for the weather. In the character of the Show, Best Bull, 3 years old and upwards, Cooper Sayre, Phelps, $25 and there are several features which place it above mediocrity; 2d
8. Medal to Breeder.
A. F. Wood, Woodville, and there are none, of which, after due allowance for Best Bull
, 2 years old, Abram Myers, Throopsville,.
A. M. Underhill, Poughk'psie,
A. M. Underhill,. locality and other retarding circumstances, we need hesi
T. L, Harison, Morley, St. Lawrence Co... tate to speak with entire sincerity. Of the Improved Best Bull
, 1 year old, J. B. Garritt, Salina,
A. B. Benham, Dryden, Tompkins Co., Breeds of Animals, the Short-Horns and Herefords were 3d
do J. O. Garritt, Salina,..
Best Bull Call, James O. Sheldon, Geneva, Duke of Geneva, very well, and the Alderneys fairly, although not very 2d*
Coronet," Trans. and 3 largely represented; the Devons and Ayrshires, particu
SHORT-HORNS-BULLS, (Imported.) larly the latter, were quite deficient; the show of Grade Best Bull, 3 years old and upwards, James 0. Sheldon, “Grand
Oxford, stock, which is always one of interest in the lessons it im
Midge," 925 parts, was quite full, although I am unable to say how it Best Cow, 3 years old and upwards, James O. Sheldon,
and S. Medal to Breeder.
do compares with that at Albany; of Working and Fat Cat- 24
J. 0. Sheldon, Oxford 20th" do
E. Cornell. Ithaca, Lucy tle we perhaps had nearly the average turn-out; from a
Best Heifer, 2 years old, John R. Page, Şennett good judge I learned that the exhibition of Horses was 20
Bright Eyes 7th,
J. C. Garritt, "Diana, better than at Syracuse two years ago, while it must be Best Heifer, 1 year old, Jas. 0. Sheldon. "Dane of Oxford,
do E. Cornell, Rosamonde," confessed that neither in general merits, nor by including 3
** Mignonette, any prominent celebrities, did it present the claims which Best Heifer Calf
, Jas. O. Sheldon, Pride of the spring, do E. Cornell, “Lucinda,"
Trans, and 3 this department has sometimes had upon our notice and
SHORT-HORNS-COWS, (Imported.) admiration. The Sheep in several classes I think have Best Cow, 3 years old and upwards, John R. Page....
DEVONS-BULLS. never been surpassed in excellence, whatever may be true
Best Bull, 3 years old and upwards, Ezra Cornell, Ithaca, $25 with regard to numbers. The show of Swine and Poultry
and S. Medal to Breeder.
Best Bull, 3 years old, D. M. Lindsy, Caton, Steuben Co.,.... was quite a good one.
S. W. Johnson, Ellicotville, With regard to the other departments of the exhibition, BestBull, 1 year old, A. B. Corneli, Ithaca,.
W. , our associate, J. J. Thomas, who has just returned from Best Bull calf, Enoch Ottley, Phelps...
S. W. Bradley, Olean, ...... do
Clark Hyatt, Owego.. his western tour in improved health and spirits, was able 3d
DEVONS_COWS. to devote a day or two to their examination, the results of Best Cow, 3 years old and upwards, 8. W. Bradley, Olean, $25
and S. Medal to Breeder. which will be found upon another page of this Number. It
do E, G. Cook Ellisburgh, Jeft. Co., will be observed that Fruits and Implements are both en- 3d Bese, gyears old and upwards, Clark Hyatt, Owego, *** Jenny."
" Florence ,
$15 titled to rank among the strong points in the Show. With 20 Best Heifer, 2 years old, Clark Hyatt...
Clark Hyatt... the decoration of Floral Hall, for which we are indebted to Best Heifer, 1 year old, E. Cornell, Ithaca, Helena 16th,
E. Ottley, Phelps,.. the Local Committee and the assistance of Col. Frost, the 3d do
Best Heifer Call, E. Cornell, “Yuba 3d." Superintendent, I was much pleased, although consider. 2d do E. G. Cook, Ellisburgh, “Capitola, " Trans, and
HEREFORDS. ably more simple than has often been the case; there were
Best Bull, 3 years old and upwards, M. C. Remington, Sennett, just enough of the evergreen festoons to impart something * Constitution."
$25 and S. Medal to Breeder.
2d best Bull, 3 years old and upwards, A. Bowen, Medina, "Don of grace and airiness to the whole, without rendering it, as this kind of decoration often does, too dark and heavy to Best Baill
, 2 years old, E. Corning Jr., Albany, Washington,
Ralph . Co., be either convenient or appropriate. The Plowing Match Best Bun, 1 year old, Ambrose Bowen, Poppinjay, went off well under the direction of Supt. CARPENTER, upon Best Bul? Call, E. Corning, "Meteor.
"Duke of Orleans, a piece of land excellently adapted for the purpose, the 22
M. O. Remington, "Prince,
Trans. and 3
Best Cow, 3 years old and upwards, E. Corning, Jr., Cora Jr., use of which must have been granted us by the owner at
$25 and 8. Medal to Breeder. 2d
A. Bowen, “ Coquette,".. some personal inconvenience and is therefore worthy of 38
E. Corning, Jr.. "Grace Jr.,"
Best Heifer, 3 years old, M. C. Remington, "Stella," particular acknowledgment. There is one farther feature in the week's doings which Best vieirer, 1 year old, E. Corning, Jr.. Victoria sth."
A. Bowen, “ Pretty Maid, I cannot omit to mention particularly—the Evening Dis. Best Heifer Call
, E. Corning, Jr. Perfection."
M. C. Remington, Delicate, cussions. During the three evenings of the Exhibition, 20 do M. C. Remington,
..... Trans, and 3
HEREFORDS, (Imported.). the best apartment that could be obtined for the purpose. Best Cow, 3 years old and upwards, ' £. Corning, Albany, " Flora," $25
5 20 10
D. 2 Gibbs, Wieer,.. Best Dull, 8 years old and upwards, s. N. Andrews, Gravegville,.. $25 Best Buck, under 2 years, J. Stickner,
N. M. Dart, North llarpersfeld, ALDERNEYS OR JERSEYS.
10 20 do
do D. Z. Gibbs, Best Bull, 3 years old and upwards, Thos. Messenger. Great Neck,
do N. M. Dart... I. ....
$25 and S. Medal to Breeder. Best Ball Calf, James 0. Sheldon, Geneva,
Best pen 5 Ewes, 2 years and upwards, N. M, Dart...
do Best lleifer, 3 years old, James (). Sheldon,
George Bron, Phelps,
Best pen 5 Ewes, under 2 years, N. M, Dari,...
do Best Heifer, 1 year old, James (). Sheldon,..
Best pen 3 Buck Lambs, D. Z. Gibbs, ...
Morrell's Shep; Best Cow, 3 years old and upwards, Milo Holmes, Sandusky,
Best pen 3 Ewe Lambs, George Brown,.. 20 do do
Best Samples of Wool, not less tban 5 fleeces, George Brown, S. Medal. A. Bundy, Andover,
15 3d do
SILESIAN MERIXOES. Best Heifer, 2 years old, A. M. t'nderhill, Poughkeepsie,
20 Best Buck, 2 years and upwards, Win, Chamberlain, Red Hook,.. $10 21 do do A. F. Wood,
10 20 do
8 3d do do A. F. Wood,
5 Best Heifer, 1 year old, A. F. Wood..
Best Buck, under 2 years, Wm. L. Chamberlain, Rhinebeck. 10 2d do do Marcns Ansley, Geneva,
10 20 do
do Wm, Chamberlain, 3d do C. Balcom, Painted Post,
5 Best pen 5 Ewes, 9 years and upwards, Wm. Chamberlain, Best Heifer Call, Joseph Hoffman, Elmira,..
do 20 do do A, F. Wood, ...
Trans, and 3 30 do
Best den 5 Ewes, under 2 years. Win. L. Chamberlain,
Wm. Chamberlain.. Best Milch Cow, B. S. Carpenter, Elinira,...
$20 Best pen 3 Buck Lambo. Wm. Chamberlain... 241 do do B. S. Carpenter,
10 Best pen 3 Ewe Lambs, Wm. Chamberlain,. Discretionary-A. Rolbert, Orange Co., for Milch Coirs..
20 WORKING OXEN OVER FIVE YEARS OLD.
Best Buck, 2 years and upwards, L. J. Jones, Veteran,...... $10 Best yoke of Oxen, A. Bundy..
$20 20 do do Enoch Ottley, ...
CROSS BREED OF FINE WOOL-SAXONS AND MERINOES. 3d do do Thomas Tufts, Gorham, Ontario Co.... 5 Best Buck, 2 years and upwards, J. Stickney,
$10 A preinium of $20 was awarded to the town of Southport for ten yoke 20
A, R. Whipple & Son, North Bar. of Working Oxen.
8 OXEN FOUR YEARS OLD.
5 20 Best single yoke, C. W. Wadsworth, Geneseo,
10 20 do
3d do Best single yoke, Enoch Ottley,
George Brown, Phelps.,
$10 Best pen 5 Ewes, 2 years and upwards, E. G. Cooki.
James Whitney, Big Flats, the rules, make this awarii conditioned that previous to its payment 3d do
do such evidence must be furnished the Secretary.
A. R. Whipple & Son...
Best ren 3 Ewe Lambs, George Brown,..
Morrell's Shep. Best single Yoke, Enoch Ottley,..
CROSS BREED, OF COARSE OR MIDDLE WOOL. 20 do do C. W. Wadsworth,
6 30 do do
Best Buck, S years and upwards. H. Bowen Jr., Medina..
Best pen 5 Ewes, 2 years and upwards, Lyman Murdock, Medina, 10 2d do
11. Bowen Jr....... Best Ox, 4 years and under 5. Samuel Balcom, Campbell,... $12 Best pen 5 Ewes, under 2 years, H. Bowen Jr.,....
10 2d do
5 347 do
5 38 best Cow, 4 years and upwards, M. C. Remington, Sennett,
FROM OUT OF THE STATE,
$10 FAT CATTLE-ON ILAY AND GRASS.
Do Best pen 5 Ewes, Jobn Miller, Pickering, C. W... 10 241 best Cow, 4 years and upwards, Jud. Smith, Wellsburgh, 86
3 Ewe Lambs and I Buck Lamb, J. Miller, 3 FOREIGN CATTLE. Middle-Wooled-Best Buck, John Snell, Brampton, C. W.
10 Best Short-Horn Bull, 2 years and upwards, Geo. Miller, Mark
10 hain, C. W..
815 Recominended to John Snell, Brampton, C. W., for 3 Fat Wethers. 5 Best Alderney or Jersey Bull, 2 years and upwards, Henry Smith, Patterson, N. J...
Best Boar, 2 years old and upwards, A. B. Benham, Dryden. $10
Cornelius Fornett, New York, 5 Best Long-Wooled, under 2 years, 0. Howland, Auburn,
85 Best Breeding Sow, 2 years old and upwards. P. A. Smith, Elmira, 10 2.1 do do Amos F. Wood, Woodville.. 3 20
J. D. Thompson, HorseBest Middle-Wooled, 2 years and upwards, Chas. B. Meek, Canan
5 clairua, 5 Best Breeding Sow, 1 year old, B. S. Carpenter, Elmira,
10 3d best Middle-Wooled, 2 years and upwards, William H. Coon,
Morrell's Shep; Bestuotoor Pigs, not less than 5, under 10 months, A. D. Griswoid, 21 best to C. B. Meek,
, Best Cross-Breed, 2 years and upwards, 11. Bowen, Jr.. Medina... 5
do Amos F. Wood, Woodville, 20 best Cross-Breed, under 2 years, 0. Howland,..
3 Best Boar, 6 months and under i year, Elibu Griffin. Po'keepsie,. 8 LONG-WOOLED-LEICESTERS.
Amos F. Wood, Best Buck, 2 years and upwards, Amos F. Wooll..
Best Breeding Sow, 2 years old and upwards, Amos F. Wood,
Amos F. Wood, Best pen 5 Eweg. 2 years and upwards, Amos F. Wood,.
10 Best Sow, 6 months and under 1 year, Elihu Griffin, Best pen 5 Ewes, under? years, Amos F. Wood..
Ainos F. Wood, 2d best pen 3 Buck Lambs, H. J. Bentley, Veteran... Morrell's Sbep. Best lot of Pigs, not less than 5, under 10 months, Amos F. Wood, LONG-WOOLED-NOT LEICESTERS.
do Cor. Fornett, .. Best Buck, 2 years and upwards, Luther R. Harris, Maine,
$10 I leave this prize list to speak for itself in preference to Best Buck, under 2 years, Cooper Sayre, Phelps,...
10 Best pen 5 Ewes, under 2 years, Cooper Sayre,
10 particularizing the individual contributions presented, both Best pen ! Buck Lambs, Luther R, Harris,
5 Best pen 3 Ewe Lambs, Cooper Sayre.....
& as showing better who were the principal exhibitors, and Commend to Enoch Outley, Phelps, Cotswold Lambs; L. R. Harris, because my time for the examination of all the Stock was so Maine, Brooine Co., 2 New Oxfordshire aged Ewes. MIDDLE WOOLED, SOUTH DOWYS.
limited. The Short-IIorns, as represented by SHELDON, HARIBest Buck, 2 years and upwards, 0. lowland, Anburn.. 21 do
$10 son, CORNELL, Sherwoon, Page and others, and the Here. E. G. Cook, Ellisbergli..
8 3d do
5 fords, as represented by CORNING, Bowen and REMINGTON, Best Buck, under 2 years, Jacob Lorillar, New York,.. 20
10 could not fail to have attracted the most superficial observer. do
do Samuel Thorne, Thorndale, 311 do
Mr. Thorne's South-Downs-four yearlings, sired by im. Best pen 5 Eves. 2 years and upwards, Clark Hyatt.. Best pen 5 Ewes, under 2 years, Jacob Lorrillard,
ported “112;" and the pen of five ewes which received
10 ed do
the first prize at the late Canterbury exhibition of the Bit pen 3 Buck Lambs,
do Ben pen 3 Ewe Lambs,
5 Royal English Society, and which have just been imported MIDDLE WOOLED, NOT SOUTH DOWNS.
by Lorillard of Westchester, together with a yearling Best Buck, 2 years and upwards, Jacob Lorrillard,..
810 buck, were equally admired; while the Shropshires, also 2 do
Charles B. Meek, Canandaigua, do do C. Bassett, Coopers Plains....
exbibited by the latter gentleman, are among the finest Best Buck, under 2 years, Henry Somerville. Ellicottville... 21 clo Charles B. Veek,..
10 spe mens of this breed I have ever seen. C. B. MEEK of 3d do do Thos, Messenger, Great Neck, Queens, .
Canandaigua, showed both Shropshire and Hampshire Best pen 5 Ewes, 2 years and upwards, Thos. Messenger.. do
10 Downs-two fat wethers of the former, by a ram which do
C. Bassett.. 341 do do 0. Howland,
he imported five years ago, from the descendants of ewes Bagt pen 5 Ewes, under 2 years, Jacob Lorriliard,.. 20
10 brought over by him about the year 1837-and, of the Best pen 3 Buck Lambs, Charles B. Meek,
latter breeds, a Hampshire Ram, imported by Betts, and 21
Chris Wk. Best pen 3 Ere Lambs, Charles Blerk..
Vorrells her now three years old, also a half-dozeni ram lambs and three 201 do do Thos. Vessinger,
Horrell's le cire lauis.
Name. Lady Siile d.. Lady Sale ith,. Red Rose Ilti, Red Rose 12th, Pauline, ... Patroona,
The exhibition of Long Wooled sheep was muchi indeb:- Floral Hall, a large building 170 by 48 feet, simply but ed to the contributious of GEO. Miller and Joux SNELL tastefully ornamented with festoons of evergreens, was of Canada West, both fresh from the Provincial Show at densely filled with many collections of fruit, and with a Hamilton, where the latter received 24 premiums upon his moderate display of flowers. The successive exhibitions of sheep, and I learned that at his County Fair in the interim this kind, and the increasing extent and number of the he had taken 52 more. Carl, as usual, was the represen- fruit collections, indicate the gradual but rapid progress of tative of Mr. Chamberlain's Silesian Merinoes, of which there fruit culture throughout the country, and the extensive inwere nine pens on the ground.
troduction of the finer sorts. When the first State Fair Among the incidents of the Fair was the sale by J. M. was held at Syracuse, in 1841, the writer of these remarks SHERWOOD of Auburn, of the following Short-Horns at the took the first and nearly only premium by a collection prices respectively annexed, which were, as it will be seen, which he carried in a basket on his arm; now, at Elmira, exceedingly low:
many tons of excellent and showy specimens lined the long
and broad tables, and single collections contained from one A, B. Conger, Haverstraw. do,
to two hundred varieties of pears and apples, although but
few nurserymen appeared as exhibitors. Ellwanger & T. L. Harison, Canton. T. W. Jones. Nev-llampshire, BARRY, as usual, took the lead, by presenting over 190 vari
J, Edgar, Franklin, N. Y, BULL-Rover,
eties of finely grown pears, most of them of celebrated or A, B, Dickinson,
valuable sorts, and 19t varieties of the apple. IIOVEY & On Friday the address was delivered lry Hon. Josiau Co. of Boston, sent about 140 varieties of pears, and 36 Quincy, Jr., of Boston, to a large audience. It was not of apples. J. M. Mattison of Tompkins Co., brought 20 over an hour in length, and was listened to with interest. sorts of pears remarkable for their fine growth, among
- In conclusion. To the citizens of Elmira many thanks which we measured Easter Beurres three and a half inches are due by the Farmers of the State, for their exertions each way in diameter, Clairgeaus four and a half inches to render every arrangement and detail as satisfactory and long, and Diels four inches-also 20 sorts of apples, and pleasant as possible. On no previous occasion, I think I fine bunches of the Diana, Delaware, and other American am justified in saying, has the whole passed off more grapes:
HAGERMAN of Starkey, Schuyler Co., exsmoothly. The officers of the Railroads connecting at hibited a large collection of apples, apparently about a liunElmira, exerted themselves to facilitate the progress of dred sorts.
E. CORNELL of Ithaca, many sorts of apple, affairs, and from beginning to end it has only been neces- pear and peach; C. B. Curtis of Phelps, a large list of sary that the wishes of the Executive Committee should apples; and Jonn DONNELLAN of Monroe Co., fine general be understood, to insure their speedy accomplishment. collection. Among other less extensive collections we obMuch is due to John Haroli), our General Superintend served 38 sorts of pears from Truman Boardman of Truent, who was closely engaged for a week or more pre- mansburgh ; 12 of apples and 12 of pears from A. BRAMAN viously, as well as during the Exhibition, in explaining the of Ithaca; 26 fine sorts, including some new varieties worthy requisites of the Society, and in organizing and systema- of notice, from J. HILDRETH of Big Stream Point; and 20 tizing more completely the arrangements of the Exbibi- each of pears and apples from N. CRITENDEN of Ithaca. tion; he was assisted by an efficient police, and by active A collection of some 20 sorts of exotic grapes was shown Superintendents in the various departments, with whose by E. HUNTINGTON of Rome, among which we measured aid the wants both of Exhibitors and the public were pro- bunches of the Black Hamburgh 9 and 11 inches long, bably never more fully met. The attendance, in view of and there were also fine bunches of Wilmot's New Hamthe weather, was very fair, and the receipts are over hurgh. In addition to the collections, already noticed, from $9,000. To-day nearly everything has been promptly Ellwanger & Barry, they had 25 kinds of plums, and the closed up, and we are leaving with the consolation that if Hartford Prolific, Concord, Diana, Rebecca, Delaware, and others of our Meetings have brought more money into other new American grapes. the Society's exchequer, and elicited a larger exhibition The Ontario Grape, grown at Port Dalhousie, C. W., from our more prominent breeders, few have been under- and exhibited by O. F. PRESBREY of Buffalo, excited much taken in any locality with more public spirit or carried out attention. The bunches measured eight inches long, and with more good-will, -and with the hope, I may also add, we were assured that some had weighed two and a half that few will have accomplished more in return, for the pounds. The berries were seven-eighths of an inch in diagricultural improvement of those who have joined to at- ameter. They appeared to be well ripened, and Dr. tend, either as exhibitors or spectators.
Presbrey assured us that this sort had proved twenty days
earlier than the Isabella and ten earlier than the Concord. NEW-YORK STATE FAIR AT ELMIRA. The berries are nearly free from pulp, possessed little or
no foxiness, were juicy and quite agreeable, and modeThe situation of the grounds was quite picturesque, oc- rately high flavored. They appeared most nearly to recupring a portion of the plain two miles in breadth on
semble the Isabella class. which Elmira is built, and surrounded by the amphitheatre
The Exhibition of IMPLEMENTS was extensive and conof hills beyond, several hundred feet in height, whose lection of mowers and reapers comprised most of the
tained much that was interesting and valuable. The coldense forests were richly variegated with the hues of celebrated sorts, formerly noticed or described in our colautumn. The ground was dry, and with a natural drain- unins, in which evident improvements either in construcage; and the erections were ample and convenient. The tion or finish were visible. A novelty, in the form of a following is a list of some of the principal structures:
potato digger, was attached to Kirby's mower, and is said 250 Horse Stalls..
to have succeeded well. The bar of knives is replaced 6 by 9 do.
with a curved blade or scoop, which runs under the hills, 150 Sheep Pens,
and to the rear of which iron fingers are attached which
are vibrated by the machinery, and thoroughly shake out 100 lvy 2 do.
all the potatoes from the earth. The cost of this attach
ment is $25—more than some good potato digging imple. 210 by te do.
Russell's Screw-power Mower and Reaper substi
tutes the endless screw for gearing, and on a brief trial is Besides sereral refreshment halls each about 100 feet long, said to have proved successful. A fine exhibition of horse and a number of smaller buildings for the various offices. powers was made by C. E. Pease, Emery Brothers, and An area of about five acres was occupied with agricultural others. Emery had two or three ingenious improvements. machinery As a single item in proof of the large amount One consisted in a governor or brake for regulating the of labor expended for this single week of exhibition, over velocity of the rolling platform, and prerenting any accisix hundred thousand feet of lumber had to be drawn to dent to the lorses in case the band should be thrown off the grounds for the various erections.
or the resistance be otherwise withdrawn. Another im
L. H. T.
6 by 12 feet.
300 Cattle Stalls, 60 Bull Stalls..
7 by 12 do, 6 by 13 do. 6 by 13 do. 100 by 2 do,
100 Pix Pens,
100 by do.
170 hy s do.