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Tobacco House without side doors, end boarding, and end doors, to show the manner of hanging the Tobacco. By this time the crop is ready to begin the harvest. and so on to the end of the pole, where the twine is made This may be known by the suckers which start at erery fast. About thirty or thirty-six are hung on a pole, oneleaf, and when they have all appeared down to the lower half on each side. If this twine gives way it is manifest leaf, the plant is ready to cut, every sucker having been that they will all be let loose. The poles are put on the reinoved as it appeared. The stalks are cut at the root. girts about fourteen inches apart. In this way the wbole In a warm day cut in the morning and evening. In the building is filled. Skill is now demanded to regulate the middle of a hot day, the leaves will burn before they are ventilation until the crop is cured, which is determined by wilted. The best way is to cut in the afternoon and lay examining the stem in the leaf, which should be hard, up to on the ground to wilt. This wilting forwards the process the main stalk. Then in damp weather the tobacco can of curing, and so toughens the plant as to make it practi- be taken down and laid in piles, with the tips together to cable to hang it without much loss in breaking leaves. keep it from drying, and to secure this, cover over with


Plant after topping.
After wilting draw to the house, which should be twen-

Tobacco stacked after stripping. ty-four feet wide, fifteen feet high, so as to have three boards. The next thing is the removal of the leaves from tiers, one above the other. A building of this width and the stalks, taking this time to separate the broken "leaves height, thirty-five feet long, will store an acre, or one ton from the unbroken ones. They are then made into parof tobacco. The girts on the side of the building should cels of 16 or 18, called “hands,” and are fastened by windbe five feet apart; a row of posts through the middle is ing a leaf around them. Pile these hands tips on tips, the necessary to put girts in, to hold the poles that the plants square ends out. This preserves the muisture. The pile are tied to. The best poles are made of basswood sawed should be kept covered with boards, and the sides also one and a half by four inches, and twelve feet long. covered, leaving the wound ends of the hands exposed to

the air. If everything up to this point has been skillfully done, in four or five days the tobacco will be fit to pack


Plant with the suckers growing. The plants are handed to a man who, standing on a moveable platform made by a light plank, receives them,

Hanging Tobacco on the poles. and beginning at the upper tier he winds a piece of pre-in cases, and take to market. The cases should be of pine, pared twine around a stalk, fastening the first plant to the two feet six inches square, by three feet eight inches, and pole; the second plant is placed on the other side of the of inch lumber. Place the hands tips on tips, and the pole, and a single turn is made around the stalk ; then wound ends against the ends of the box, press with a lever again the third stalk is put on the same side of the first, or screw uptil 400 pounds is in, then fasten on the top. The the twine passed around, and the next on the other side, tobacco now goes through the sweating process, and will










lose about ten per cent. in weight before fit for use. we give them in New-York and New-England. Standards This tobacco is known in the market as “ seed leaf,” and do best when standing in grass, after attaining considerais principally used for wrappers for cigars; the refuse is ble size. Among others, a Jaminette, some fifteen years exported. A crop handled in the manner, described, and old, was bearing a most profuse crop. Dwarfs need with skill, will sell in New-York city, at from 12 to 15 cents moderate cultivation. a pound; but from want of proper care and skill, the crop The residence of G. TAYLOR, in the same neighborhood, of this county does not bring an average price of over eight is a model English gothie dwelling, and the grounds are

laid ont and kept in a satisfactory manner,

The most elaborately wrought place which we visited, The plants are worth per acre,.... Manure, 10 cords, say,...

is that of R. B. BOWLER, which not only commands 3 Fitting ground and marking..

view of great magnificence, but possesses much pieturesque Planting and setting, Cultivating and first boeing,

scenery within itself. The highly diversified surface is do second hoeing..

greatly improved by judicious grading and snecessful plantTopping, and killing worms, say Suckering, first and second times,

ing—the lawn, mostly of the poa pratensis, is in fine conthird time,

dition, and exhibits a soft and smooth carpet of many Harvesting and hanging (four men and team one day.). 6.00 Stripping one ton,

acres in extent. The conservatory partakes strongly of Five packing boxes,

the character of a grotto ; its wild rocky sides, when cox. Labor of packing......

1.50 Twine for hanging..

ered with moss and trailers, will present a striking appear

The hot-house is completely secluded by densely

66.00 A ton at 134 cents, is worth $270 ; deduct 10 per cent. I picturesque character, this portion of the grounds being

planted ridges or mounds, giving its position a wild and for shrinkage, and 14 cents per pound for transportation entered through a winding rocky tunnel. While there is and commissions, in all $52, leaves $218 as net proceeds. much that is admirable and interesting in these grounds, The cost being taken from this, $66, and we have 152 for there are others that are objectionable ; —the rocky tunnel, the use of lands and buildings. This is the best statement that can be fairly made for this entering the green-house grounds, is too small and dark,

and should be lined with rock plants. The house is rather crop. If the price be put at the average our growers get, low, and a mixture of styles. viz., 8 cents per pound, we have for the crop, 1,800 pounds, after shrinking, $144. Deduct $66 for cost, and $22.50 | the last named place, is one of the best managed ceme

Spring Grove Cemetery, a mile or two distant from for commissions and transportation, in all $88.50, which deducted from the amount received, leaves $55.50 as the teries of this country; It includes about two hundred ordinary profit per acre.

acres, a part of it much diversified in sunface, and among the improvements, comparatively little to offend a correct

taste. We do not see the vast expenditures for monuSCATTERED NOTES OF TRAVEL--II.

ments found in some of the eastern cemeteries. Many Cincinnati and Vicinity.

acres, next the entrance, are devoted simply to landscape Clifton, two or three miles north of Cincinnati, consists which gives a finer effect than an abrupt entrance among

gardening, the cemetery lands proper being at a distance, of a large number of beautiful residences, in a picturesque monuments at the moment of passing the gate. portion of country, forming a continuation of fine places, Nurseries. There are several nurseries in the neigh). unequalled by any thing of the kind that we know of ex- borhood of Cincinnati, all of moderate pretensions. We cept Brookline, near Boston. We made a short call at found time to visit only two:

The nursery of W. HEAVER contains some 30 or 40 the residence of Wm. Resor, now absent in Europe. This

acres, occupied with a general collection of ornamental is one of the best specimens of landscape gardening we and fruit trees. Dwarf pears flourish finely, a single seahave met with. The lawn occupies several acres, and the son's growth being often five or six feet high, and the disposition of the trees, walks, carriage drives, &c., is bearing trees eight or ten years of age growing vigorously. nearly faultless. The cold grapery presented an unusual. Evergreens do well. There are several long structures for

propagating and growing plants under glass, with somely fine display of ripe fruit. The dwarf pears were in ex: thing of a decayed appearance bowerer. The establishcellent condition, and bending under loads of large and ment of SayRES & HUTCHINSON, on the opposite side of smooth specimens, some of them equal to any we have the road, has several objects of much interest. Among seen at Rochester or Boston. The trees were some ten them were a beautiful Norfolk Island pine, a Caladium years old. We never saw finer specimens of the Angou- long and 20 inches wide—there were about fifty leaves of

distellatorium, the leaves of which measured 25 inches leme than here. The Winkfields and Diels were large this size, forming a mass five feet high and seven in diameand fair. The dwarf pear has not certainly proved a ter. Many dwarf pear trees were eight or ten years old, failure in this region.

in a thrifty condition. They are but moderately cultivated, The grounds of R. BUCHannan possess great natural and not manured, the soil being deep and strong, and a and much artificial beauty. The view on two opposite medium vigor is regarded as a better security against sides, over a broad and deep valley, in which could be dis- blight in this region. cerned distant villages, richly cultivated fields, Spring LATONA SPRINGS, Ky.-A pleasant carriage ride of fire Grove cemetry, and the grounds of the United States miles up the picturesqne and beautiful valley of the LickAgricultural Fair, is extensive and magnificent. He has ing led to the residence of Dr. Mosher, at Latona Springs. added an artificial lake, and planted the slopes with orna- It is surrounded by a natural grove of three acres, conmental trees, orchards and vineyards. The apple trees, of taining, as he informed us, no less than sixty-three differwhich there were many varieties, were bearing heavy loads ent species of forest trees. Dr. Mosher has given much of fair fruit. The most profuse bearers were the Willow attention to proving the different varieties of the apple. T'wig, Winesap, Yellow Bellflower, Rawles' Janet, Bel- Among those which succeed well are the Winesap, Bulmont, and Romanite. He informed us that if he were lock's Pippin, Pryor's Red, eastern Vandevere, Fameuse, confined to three varieties, he would select for early, medi- and o. hers. The Benoni proves excellent, the tree as um, and late, the Red Astrachan, Maiden's Blush, and elsewhere being a very fine and symmetrical grower. The White Pippin. His Catawba vineyard is the best wé saw Broadwell and Blenheim Pippin are excellent sweet variein this region—the berries become more deeply colored in ties. We saw a Northern Spy bearing a few fine speci. the neighborhood of Cincinnati than any which are ripen- mens. The Jonathan appeared to be doing well—the ed at the east, being often of as deep a purple as the ball Esopus Spitzenburgh exhibited its peculiar and rich favor, ripened Isabellas that are sometimes shown as fully ma- but the apples were not of very fair appearance. Hubtured. Pears, both dwarfs and standards, succeed well; bardston Nonsuch appeared to be as good as in New-York. but they will not bear the high culture and manuriug wlich | The Yellow Bellfower, although good, is rather declining



in character, The White Bellflower or Ortley, very fair,

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) and showing little of the scabby appearance so prevalent

How to Keep Cider. in other places, and especially at the east. The White Pippin proves one of the most valuable sorts.

For the information of " B." (Co. Gent., page 192,) and Dr. MOSher's vineyard occupies about six acres, on the others who are interested, I will give my experience in keep

ing cider. side of a high ridge of land, in a most picturesque position,

To a 40 gallon cask of pure juice, fermented to a point to facing the south. The vines are chiefly the Catawba, are suit my taste, I added one bottle of prepared sulphite of lime, planted in the quincunx form, four feet apart, and trained as sold by Messrs. Webb & Walker of Utica, N. Y., (cost 50 to single stakes about five feet high. The cultivation is cents,) stirred it briskly and bunged it tight. On the 10th of effected by hand labor, and in spring the soil is loosened April I drew off and filled six dozen bottles from one of the up by forking. An excellent contrivance is adopted to barrels (keeping the remainder on draught,) and my neighprevent the washing down of the soil on the steep hill-bors say it is as good as wine. I think it better-it is splenside and the formation of gullies. Open ditehes are cut did, and as far as I can judge from one season's trial,' it is at distances of about five rods, directly down the hill, and all the clarifying necessary. It is not intoxicating, neither are walled at the sides, and paved on the bottom with flat most as sparkling I should in justice add, that I was in

will it make vinegar. It is as clear as champagne, and alstones set across the channel on edges. These ditches are duced to try this metho:1 by a notice of it in your valuable placed at the lowest places, so that the surface water flows paper, and if Mr. B. will look over his back numbers he will readily into them from each side, in slight channels be find several notices of the method, and in one, if my memory tween the horizontal rows of vines. Although large and serves me, the philosophy of it is explained. rapid currents flow down the hillside through these drains, Holland Patent, N. Y. no injury whatever can be done. The Catawba grape is becoming considerably affected

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) by the rot, and other sorts are looked to to supply its How to make Bread from Unbolted Wheat place. Dr. MOSHER thinks the Delaware is going to prove

Flour. one of the best substitutes. The Venango he thinks will be one of the best wine grapes, being entirely free from water, two and three-quarter pints, murintic acid 420 to 560

Wheat meal seven pounds ; carbonate of soda, one ounce ; rot, bardy, and productive. It is of no value for the drops Mix the soda with the meal as intimately as possible table, being essentially a brown Fox, but as late as the by means of a wooden spoon or stick, then mix the acid and Catawba. The Herbemont ripens admirably here, and water, and add it slowly to the mass, stirring it constantly. proves very delicious about as good as the Delaware. Make three loaves of it and bake it in a quick oven. The and possessing all the characteristics of an exotic in quality, above receipt is patented in Great Britain. RICHMOND, IND.-A small but excellent nursery has

FERHENTED BREAD.- Wheat meal six lbs.- good yeast, been established near this city, by J. J. Conley, contain a teacup full, and a sufficient quantity of pure water-kneed ing a good green-house, ornamental stock, and a fine col- thoroughly. Bake it in small Joaves, unless you have a very lection of fruit trees. The Dukes and Morello cherries strong heat. succeed well, as they do elsewhere through the west, and yeast, each a teacupfull

, and a sufficient quantity of pure

Another way:- Wheat meal six quarts-molasses and a trial of several years has been successful with most of water. Make the loaves half the thickness you mean they the leart varieties worked on the Mahaleb, and trained shall be after they are baked. Place them in in a temlow. We observed a large number of nursery trees of perature which will cause a moderate fermentation. When the variety known in this region as the Early May, which risen enough, place them in the oven. A strong heat is reis neither the Early Richmond, as some have supposed, quired P. S. Ransom, Pa. nor the true Early May or Indulle. It appeared to be a stouter grower than either-it had not the clear slender

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.] shoots of the Early Richmond, nor the feeble and dwarf

Recipe for Grape Wine. growth of the true Early May. J. J. Conley informed us To 1 quart of water add 1 pound of moist sugar- let them that he had fruited this “ Early May” along side the Early be well boiled and skimmed, and to every quart of this liquor Richmond; that the latter was about ten days later, and put 1 pint of the juice of the grape. The above recipe has decidedly superior in quality. In common with many been well tried and approved. RUSTICUS. Shipton, C. E. otber fruit growers, he has a high opinion of the White Pippin, and would select this for its general value in

{For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.] preference to any other winter apple. The Catawissa

Caponizing Chickens. raspberry fails with bim, being small and unproductive. He showed us a seedling of the Ohio Everbearing that he

Eps. Co. Gent.– A severe cut in the hand has prevented deems much superior to the parent variety-it was loaded iny replying at an earlier moment, to the inquiry made of me with its autumn crop of well formed berries. The Wild by your correspondent of Arkansas, Mr. BEN COOPER. The son's Albany Strawberry has borne profusely, but as else- operation of caponizing is simple, and may be performed by shere is not of the highest quality. We regretted being scissors. The chicken should be full four months old, indeed

any one accustomed to the use of a needle and thread and unable to visit the nursery of E. Y. Teas, a few miles should be just commencing to crow. Now place him across north, and that of J. C. Teas, several miles west of this the knee, with the legs pulled forward and firmly held by an city, both intelligent cultivators and correspondents of assistant. Pluck off the soft fine feathers between the end of

the breast bone and fundament, and midway between these two Hedges of Osage Orange abound through this region of points make an incision an inch and a half long, cross-wise of country, in the vicinity of Cincinnati, and elsewhere. the chicken's body, with a sharp pair of scissors. Through Many of them appear to have been carelessly planted, and this incision insert the fore finger to the back-bone, along remain uncultivated and uncut. They are consequently which move for an inch and a half, and on either side will be good for nothing. On the other hand, many others are draw by the route the finger went in. Draw the edges of the

found a testicle. Dislodge them by a single twist, and withwell managed, in the manner we have occasionally recom- wound made together, and half a dozen stitches with waxed mended, and form dense and perfect barriers. Some are thread completes the operation. The nail of the finger must left too broad at the top, which tends to make them thin be sinooth, so as not to damage the intestines. This is an imand open below. The best hedges were usually cut to a perfect description it must be confessed, but it is my best. sharp ridge at top, and but little sheared on the sides It will give me pleasure to forward a pair of iny fowls to near the bottom, causing the latter to grow thick inside. Mr. C., if he will address me at Burtonia P. O., in this coun

ty, saying to whom in Vicksburgh they may be sent. LICE ON CATTUE.-I often see inquiries for remedies for 'It should be mentioned, that previous to the operation of lousy cattle I have tried many, but the cheapest, most easily caponizing, the chicken must be deprived of food for eighteen applied, most effectual, and according to my experience the or twenty hours. safest, is a little calomel sprinkled on the back. An ounce The recent long drouth has cut short both the com and cot. will exterminate the lice on twenty head of cattle or more. tou crop in this neighborhood one-third, many think one-half

Ridgeland, Washington Co., Miss.

WM. P. Gibson.

this paper.

L. C.

in grow

[For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) with the wheel cultivator. On a mellow soil, if not too A WHEAT TALK WITH FARMER F. mellow, it is very useful for covering grain, but for this

purpose Mr. F. uses We like, when we meet with an intelligent farmer, to

Shares' Coulter Harrow. have the talk turn upon farming-a matter in which we

After cultivating his wheat ground, he harrowed it down have long taken much interest; an interest which deepens fine, then sowed on the seed, seven pecks per acre, and every day of our lives. To-day, while riding to town, we covered it with the coulter harrow, going once over the had an hour's conversation with Farmer F., who carries ground. If the harrow teeth were made of good steel, he on some two hundred acres of good land very successfully; thinks the implement one of the best of the recent invenbeing counted by his neighbors a “lucky man

tions, and would willingly pay the increased cost. Now,

one is about worn out in a single year, on a large farm, ing crops and stock, and in disposing of the same.

even if used only for covering grain. Among other things (to drop the prefatory shuck and It seems to be Mr. F.'s opinion, that the safety and conget at the kernel,) he told us about his two fine fields of sequent profit of wheat-growing rests largely on sowing a wheat, just coming up, and looking as though “put in " variety exempt from the midge. To show how opinions in capital good order. They were sown with the differ on the subject, we know a farmer in the next town, Lambert, or " Weevil-proof " Wheat,

east, who succeeds so well with Soules' wheat this year

that he has sown only that variety—sowing also after baroriginated in Ohio, some nine or ten years ago. It is a light red wheat, from three to five days earlier than the ley.. Others will venture only the Mediterranean.

Of some further talk about sheep, the clover seed crop, Mediterranean, with a light blade and straw, and easy to thresh. The yield is from 16 to 30 bushels per acre. Mr. manuring corn in the hill, salt for wheat, and various other F. and his neighbor Mr. S., who joined him in introducing have written will never find place in the best farmers'

topics, we bave not time to write—and perhaps what we the wheat here, offered $5 to any person who would find paper out-the Country GENTLEMAN. ALBERT. a weevil (or larvæ of the wheat midge) in it, but no one

Western New York, Sept. 1860. succeeded in taking the reward. The fact is, the hull or chaff is double, so that the midge fly does not pierce to

[For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) the kernel in depositing her egg, and it can never hatch.

THE USE OF RAWHIDE. Our friend is so well pleased with it, in comparison with other kinds, that he says he would pay double price for

How few persons know the value of rawhide. It seems the seed rather than not sow it. The five bushels obtained almost strange to see them sell all of their “deacon" last fall gave a return of about 25 bushels per acre, having skins for the small sum of thirty or forty cents. Take a been sown on five acres of new land early in September: strip of well-tanned rawhide an inch wide, and a horse can It lodged badly during a heavy storm of rain and wind hardly break it by pulling back—two of them he cannot when just getting into the milk, but we were told by break any way. Ir. T., a young farmer a few miles south, who procured

Cut into narrow strips and shave the hair off with a seed from the same source, that his crop stood up well

, sharp knife, to use for bag-strings; the strings will outHe, too, sows no other kind, as the Lambert wheat turned last two sets of bags. Farmers know how perplexing it is out much better on threshing than he anticipated in com- to lend bags and have them returned minus strings. parison with his Mediterranean.

It will out-last hoop iron (common) in any shape, and But to come back (or rather go on) to the wheatfields is stronger. It is good to rap around a broken thill-betin question. Mr. F. here followed the practice, quite com- ter than iron. mon in this section, of growing

Two sets of rawhide halters will last a man's life-timeWheat after Barley,

(if he don't live too long.) having harvested from the two fields (of 8 and 12 acres)

In some places the Spaniards use rawhide log-chains to seven hundred bushels of barley the last of July. Both work cattle with, cut into narrow strips and twisted tofields were in corn last year and manured. The ground gether hawser fashion. It is good to tie in for a broken was plowed for wheat about the middle of August, and link in a trace chain. It can be tanned so it will be soft harrowed down lengthwise the furrow—the harrow passing and pliable like harness leather, Save a cow and "deatwice over the surface. After lying some three weeks

con's pelt” and try it.

William RHODES. Forty Bushels of Lime per Acre

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) was applied on the eight acre lot, and a portion of the

HARVESTING AND UNLOADING HAY. other. It costs at the kiln nine cents per bushel in the stone, fresh-burned. We believe it was placed in bushel MESSRS. TUCKER & Son-In a letter to you the other heaps, as drawn from the kiln, and allowed to slake and day, I gave you a description of hooks for drawing bay then spread with shovels. This lime was applied not only from wagons. It was a description given me by a man from for the benefit of the wheat, but as a preparatory dressing near Vevay, Ind., viz., the shape of a reap hook, from for setting out another orchard, Mr. F. finding the apple three and a half to four feet long, including handle. I crop usually very profitable, though neither of his orchards found in working, I could better dispense with the handle, bear largely this year. Last year they paid at the rate of and had it cut off, and a hole put in the end of the hook $100 per acre, and can now afford to rest, especially as for the rope to pass, about four feet long, connecting the apples are plentiful and low this year. There is but little two hooks. They are to be pushed down into the load of muck on the farm in question, but from a small bed, hay, one aft and the other forward of the load, straight drained several years ago, he drew a few loads on a part down, and in pulling up by the rope, the points will pull of the wheat lot, and some manure upon other portions toward each other with such force as to hold all the bay where it seemed most requisite.

between them, and will take off an ordinary load of hay For mixing lime or manure with the soil, and also for at two drafts—(there may be a fork full left after the last pulverizing and leveling the same, our friend employs draft.) I had ropes around the rafters and cross-pieces of Ide's Wheel Cultivator,

the barn, and hitched the block to first one and then anand thinks very favorably of the implement, though he other, as needed. Cannot get as much hay in same space acknowledges it pretty hard on the team. It does much as with forks, and it cannot be got out as easily. A good better work than the gang-plow, which he says only ope way is to tread it in with a gentle horse. rates well where nothing further is necessary—in a light I sold my hay farm a few years ago, and am a little mellow soil. We have used both, and partly agree with rusty on a large scale; I still cut about 30 acre... him, but rate the gang-plow higher, as with it we think cut near 160 acres. I found I could save my hay prettier one can get a good surface tilth by cross-plowing a par- and better by bauling on wagons than in cocks--took it tially decomposed sod, without tearing it up, easier than up after the rake and got very little wet. Cut first half

I did




the day, and in quite dry weather cut some in the evening leave the cows to eat them the best way they can, and then to haul after the dew was off next morning. None out hope to get in return an increase of milk, and in default over Sunday. It should be bright and nice, to sell well. thereof give judgment against the pumpkins, or their This summer, though it rained a good deal, I got none seeds. Let such slovens take good ripe, sweet pumpkins,

When I have hay cut by machine, (I have none and cut them up fine with a shovel, or what is better, with other now,) and a sudden shower comes on, I rake it, pre- a root cutter, so that they can be easily eaten and relished, ferring spreading and turning it to dry, than to have it and feed thein in clean mangers or boxes, so that each anibleached by the sun, spread as it is by machine all over mal shall get her share, and, in my opinion, jndgment the ground. The rain beats it so close to the ground that will be reversed, and there will be less fuss about pumpit takes a good while to dry without turning over. kin seeds. J. L. R Jefferson Co., N. Y. MADISON, IND.

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator. (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.)

HOOSE IN YOUNG CATTLE. Pumpkins Seeds Injurious to Milch Cows.

By the description given of the symptoms of M.'s heifer, MESSRS. EDITORSIt is asserted by some that pump. I ani induced to think it a case of the above named diskius, when fed to milch cows, are injurious. Different

It especially attacks young cattle, and usually durcauses are assigned for their bad effects—some think they ing the autumn months, induced by the presence in the have a tendency to make the cow “lay on fat," and thus air or bronchial tubes of a minute filaria, (thread worms) diminish the quantity of milk, while others contend that they constituting as it were a variety of bronchitis, causing irriincrease the flow of urine, and consequently lessen the flow tation or swelling of the pitituary membrane. If the of milk. I am not a believer in either of these doctrines, symptoms are not relieved, the animals lose fesh very but think them of great utility late in the fall, after the rapidly. For this purpose, give half ounce doses of oil of turgrass has become frost bitten and dry. But let this pass pentine, dissolved in three ounces of linseed oil-to be for the present-I am after the pumpkin seedsthe diuretic. repeated again in two days. Keep the animal in at night,

I notice in the Sept. number of the American Agricul and give oil-cake and good feed; and if the beast is weak, turist some remarks of the Editor, upon a “correspondent's give a few doses—two drachms each—of sulphate of iron letter," in regard to the injurious effects of pumpkins, the and gentian in some warm ale or porter, which may, be seeds in particular, when fod to cows. And, althongh that

sweetened with molasses. R. M'CLURE, V. S Phila. journal does not regard the “writer's reasoning entirely sound,” yet, thinks the “ suggestion " in regard to feeding the seeds, worthy of attention. I also read a very pro

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) found article, not long since, upon this subject of pumpkin NATURAL LIFE OF THE HONEY BEE. seeds. The writer endeavored to show that because of their diuretic effect the flow of milk must necessarily be tain the idea that the worker-bees live many years. Their

The majority of persons who have the care of bees, enterdiminished, and greatly deteriorated. Now I wish to be conclusion is drawn from the fact that colonies sometimes in. enlightened a Tittle upon one point touching this subject, habit the same domicil a long period -15 or 20 years--never and, as I am no “doctor," I hope some one who is, will thinking that as fast as the bees die off naturally and from give the desired information, for, as the season is close at other causes, they are continually replaced by a new progeny. band when pumpkins are usually fed, I think no one should The natural life of the honey-bee worker does not exceed six be unnecessarily frightened out of the use of so valuable months, and from recent experiments. I believe does not exan article of feed for milch cows. The point alluded to is ceed in the summer season three months. this: Have pumpkin seeds medicinal properties, weaken

By the aid of the Italian or Ligurian bee, this may be ing, or do they cause permanent injury to the urinary easily and satisfactorily tested. On the 20 of July last, i organs, when eaten in quantities as small as are usually gave to a very powerful stock of native bees a pure Italian found in a mess of pumpkins given at one time, say from tain what proportion of the bees were of the Italian race. The

Queen. To-day, Sept. 15, this stock was examined to ascera peek to half a bushel? Or do they affect the animal stock is in a Langstroth Hive. Taking out the frames one by more injuriously than any other food, producing a like one, both sides of each comb were carefully inspected, and so flow of urine?

far as I could ascertain, at least nine-tenths of the bees were The GENTLEMAN is already informed that I have practiced purely Italian. soiling my cows for the last four or five years, until after Also on the 17th of July, I gave an Italian Queen to anbarvest, when they bave the run of the meadows, but are other stock of native bees. This stock was also examined toinvariably stabled nights, and fed with some kind of green day in the presence of a friend, who assisted me in the exfood night and morning. When soiled exclusively, all amination. Examing the combs as before, we did not find in their feed is given them in the stable. Now I have found this stock a single nalive bee ! that when kept on cover, corn or sorghum, or any other than two months. Since the 17th of July, I have taken out

This change has taken place, as will be observed, in less green food that is quite succulent, the flow of urine is much of this colony combs of maturing

Italian brood-giving them greater than it is in the fall after hard frosts, and the grass to other stocks—more than enough to make a good colony of has become dry—the time of year when pumpkins are bees. Thus it will be seen that the natural life of the honey usually fed. The gutter beliind my cows is tight, and all bee in either of these instances would scarcely exceed three the urine runs back into it, and is taken out with the ma- months; also, that it requires only a few months to change an nure, by means of a scoop shovel and a wheelbarrow that apiary of native bees to those of the Italian race. is water tight, and I have always found the liquid part MIDDLEPORT, Niag. Co., N, Y.

M, M. BALDRIDGE, much the largest when soiling crops are the freshest and most juicy. Now is clover, corn, &c., harmless, and are HARVESTING WHEAT.—John Jountsox, in a letter to pumpkin seeds pernicious, the former being the most the N. Y. Observer, says—“Wheat ought to be cut in a powerful diuretic? That is the question.

raw state, as the wheat is of much better quality and much I hope to be seasonably informed upon this subject, for less lost by shelling. The straw is much better also. It most assuredly I shall feed my cows pumpkins, seeds and ought to be bound up as fast as cut down, and shocked up all, as soon as they stand in need of the article, and ac- to dry in the shock, which generally takes eight or ten cording to the theory of some, may find a portion of what days of dry weather, but that depends upon how green or should have been in the udder, behind my cows in the raw was the state in which it was cut. If cut just when it gutter.

ought to be, it would require more than nine days to dry Practical Observations.—The way pumpkins are often it, but those having a large crop to cut cannot cut it all at fed to cowe, is enough to dry them up-they would be the time it ought to be. "If a Resident of Connecticut' very foolish to "give down" under such treatment. The should let his wheat stand until it was ready to bind up practice of some is to take a few green, watery things, des- and draw in as soon as cut, he might draw in a good large titute of richness or nourishment, and break them perhaps crop of straw, but a great deal of wheat would be left in into two pieces upon a stone or the end of a rail, and then the field.”

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