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vatory is reached by circular stairs from the study. This forwarded to me last spring about an ounce of seed, which house can be built of wood for not far from $2,000, but was sown on good land with oats; when barvesting the at this price there would be no scope for any superfluities oats I found stalks of the Alsyke in blossom, of about 31 of decoration, though every part would be built durably inches high. and tastefully.—Tucker's Annual Register.
From my limited acquaintance with this clover, I do
not feel authorized to recommend its general culture to (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.)
the exclusion of the varieties so long cultivated among us. ALSIKE OR SWEDISH CLOVER.
But I have no hesitation in giving it as my opinion, that
as a forage plant for the summer, or winter keep for sheep, of the above named clover, the Patent office Report of there can be nothing better, and that it would " afford an
excellent forage for bees," and its durability in tlie soil, “It is best adapted to moist and strong soils, and has gives it a preference over the red clovers. With this I for: the property of self-sowing, when the flowers are left to ward you a sample, saved as fodder, and a few stalks pressed to mature, which will cause it to endure fifteen, twenty or between papers. Upon examination, you will notice its more years. The usual course to pursue, is to cut it once superabundance of heads and blossoms, its numerous a year for hay, afterwards leaving it for pasturage. Its leaves, and fine stalks and branches, and in conclusion, I flowers, which put forth in June in great profusion, resem- think you will coincide with my views in regard to its ble in shape those of the common white clover, but are value as a forage plant for “sheep and bees," to say nothlarger and of a rosy tint, of a sweet agreeable ódor, and ing about cattle and horses.
LETI BARTLETT excellent forage for bees. It may be sown with autumn or spring grain; with the latter it is preferable, to prevent
VALUABLE RECIPES. winter killing." In the Canadian Agriculturist of Feb., 1858, appears an
TO PRESERVE EGGS.- Provide a small copboard, safe, article on this variety of clover, by Patrick R. Wright, or tier of shelves; bore these shelves full of holes one and a more than sustaining all that is said in its favor in the quarter inches in diameter, and place the eggs in thein, point Patent Office Report. A lengthy extract from Mr. Wright's downwards. They will keep sound for several months. Other communication can be found at page 394, No. 25, vol. 11, modes, such as packing in salt, &c., depend for their success of the Co. Gent., from which I make some extracts. Mr. simply on placing the points down; the shelves are more conW. says:
venient and accessible. “Both cattle and sheep are so fond of it, that the com- ANTS.—These animals are known to avoid drawers and mon kind of clover, or timothy and clover mixed, are boxes made of red cedar. Red cedar shavings placed in them quite disregarded if access can be had to the Alsyke, both
or on shelves, will repel them. as pasture and hay. The common red clover will last only
WALL PAPER is often cleaned by the use of wheat bran, two years in perfection, and often, if the soil is cold and moist, nearly half the plants will rot, besides it is liable to but common wheat bread is decidedly better. be thrown out or winter killed, and in the second year
TO KEEP PRESERVES.—The paper which is nsnally bald patches will be found in every part of the field, be pasted over jars of preserves, is porous, and admits air. To sides that in September and October many crops left for render it perfectly impervious, and as tight as a drum, apply seed are lost in consequence of the heavy rains during the white of an egg with a brush to the paper before coverthat period; while the Alsike clover, on the contra- ing the jars, overlapping the edges an inch or two. ry, ripening its seeds perfectly the first crop, and contin- KITCHEN ODORS.-A skillful bousekeeper informs us uing its vigor much longer, much risk and expense are that the unpleasant odors arising from builing ham, cabbages, avoided, and a larger profit accrues; and when this plant &c., is completely corrected by throwing whole red peppers is once established, it will remain for many years in full vigor, and produce annually a great quantity of berbage into the pot—at the same time that the favor of the food is of excellent quality.
improved. We have heard that pieces of charcoal will pro“Four years ago I obtained from Messrs. Lawson, Edin- duce the same effect, but we have not seen it tried. burgh, five pounds of seed, which I sowed on one acre,
TO TAKE GREASE OUT OF SILK.-Rub a lump of and as I was cautious in my experiment, mixed it with magnesia wet over the spot; when dry, brush off the powder, about two or three pounds of timothy. It stood the win- and no grease will be seen. It may be applied to other stuffs. ter admirably, and I cut the following year not less than This is an old and well tried remedy; but there is a newer three tons of the finest clover hay I bad ever seen. In
and better remedy, but not so thoroughly proved, this is the end of June, and before ripening its seeds, I expected Benzine, the most complete substance to cleanse all fabrics, to have the second crop run to seed, which it did not, but
we have ever seen. produced an unparalleled mass of feed so close and even, and about one foot in length, that I could have fancied it
CARPETS.-Every one knows that the daily dust arising would bear one up to walk over it. The second year I had from sweeping carpets, causes a permanent injury to furnian equal quantity mixed with timothy—the clover ripen- ture, books, pictures, -and the lungs. It is an old but good ing to suit the time for cutting the timothy exactly. way to sprinkle the floor first with damp tea-leaves, and then The third cutting last year was heavier than either of the sweep with a bristle brush; but latterly we have found it former. I feel confident that red clover, both as a much easier and more convenient to use one of the new remixture with timothy, and for forage by itself, will soon volving carpel-sweepers, which takes up the dust and puts it be numbered among the grasses that were in Canada.”
away in a box without its rising at all, and without using the Mr. Wright, before giving the above letter to the pub- moistening application at all. They are especially suited to lic, had experimented four years with the Alsike clover; libraries, offices, cabinets, &c. be is a practical farmer, and had no inducement to overdraw his picture. How far this variety of clover may be- saleratus water, which removes all the oily coating.
HAIR-BRUSHES are best cleaned by washing them in come a substitute for the other varieties now cultivated,
RAT-TRAP.-Cats are the best that we bave found after can only be ascertained by carefully conducted experiIn the spring of 1859, I procured a small pack. This is best made by partly filling a large smooth kettle with
many years experience-and next to cats, the chaff-trap. age of Alsyke elover seed from the Patent Office. It was water, and then covering with a few inches of chafi. The sown in June, and as it proves, not on a good clover soil. first rat that gets in makes a great outcry, which brings others Very little of the seed vegetated, and other grasses sprang to share his fate.-EDITORS COUNTRY GENTLEMAN. up, so that the Alsyke made rather a dwarfish growth this year, growing from 12 to 20 inches long. It appears to EF During the month of September, 2,646,570 bushbe a liybrid, an amalgamation between the red and white, els of wheat and 194,775 bushels of corn, and 214,320 or Dutch clorer.
barrels of four, were shipped from New-York to Great Mr. Goodale, Secretary of the Maine State Ag. Society, Britain.
REPORTED EXPRESSLY FOR THE Co. GENTLEMAN AND CULTIVATOR,
DISCUSSIONS AT THE STATE FAIR. wheat are now grown, and the land is increasing in fer
tility. Farmers grow more roots than formerly. Carrots
are preferred. Third Evening-Culture of Wheat. G. Miller of Markham, C. W., occupies between three
and four hundred acres. He The regular subject for discussion this evening was
grows about twenty acres of
roots every year-principally ruta bagas. After the “ The Culture of Wheat-Is it Desirable for the Farmers
roots are off, plows the land in the Fall, and cultivates it of Western New-York to Increase the Culture of Wheat? in the Spring, and sows Spring wheat and seeds down Are there Other Crops that could be Substituted that with timothy and clover. Obtains a larger yield of would Enable the Farmer to Secure Equal Profits and Spring than Winter wheat. Sows two bushels of Spring
wheat per acre. Preserve his Land in Better Condition ?"
Manures his land for roots. Never apLouis E. Heston of Alabama, Genesee county, N. Y. Has obtained 393 bushels of wheat from seven bushels of
plies it to his grass land-likes to plow manure under. thought it desirable to increase the cultivation of wheat
. seed—about a bushel per acre, say 56 bushels per acre. Wheat afforded more profit for the labor than other crops.
A. B. DICKINSON of Steuben Co., N. Y., said a distinHis soil is a clay loam, resting on limestone. He breaks up sod land and sows it to peas; then plows the ground in the State of New-York had fallen off from 35 to 13
guished agricultural writer had stated that the wheat crop and drills in wheat, two bushels per acre.
Since the advent of the midge, he sows little but Mediterranean variety. Prof. Liebig, and passed current in European agricultural
bushels per acre, and this statement had been quoted by Gets about thirty-five bushels per acre. Keeps a large
literature. Now he wanted to say to persons who might number of sheep. Feeds them with straw and one bushel of oats to one hundred sheep per day. Also feeds them be present from other States, that the State of New-York cornstalks and cuts them when he can. Buys bran for since the year 1816. The census is not reliable. Our
bad never seen such crops as had been grown this season his sheep when cheap enough. He seeds down with the soil is not exhausted. He wanted Liebig to know that wheat ; one peck timothy sown in the fall with the wheat, the statement he quotes is not true. and six quarts of clover per acre sown in the spring: good wheat you seldom have good corn.
When you have
This year it Does not often mow clover; plows it under as manure for wheat. He has one hundred and sixty acres of arable approached nearer to it than he ever knew before. On land, and sows about fifty acres of wheat each year and limestone land winter wheat was more profitable than ten acres of corn. Thinks he can continue this without spring wheat. The largest crop of spring wbeat he had
seen was 40 bushels per acre. He had seen a crop of injuring his land.
winter wheat that yielded 54 bushels per acre. We have °T. C. Peters remarked that it was getting to be a common practice in the wheat districts, to sow timothy in the a good crop whenever the midge does not destroy it. fall and clover in the spring.
Sheep Husbandry. Mr. Bowen of Medina, N. Y., said some of his neigh- The hour devoted to the regular subject having expired, bors had raised thirty-five bushels of Mediterranean wheat the subject of the previous evening was taken up. after barley. A great breadth of land bad been sown to
Solon Robinson of New-York, said Mr. Thomas Bell wheat this fall.
of N. J., usual kept 100 sheep. He buys common sheep Gen. Harmon of Monroe county, thought it desirable of rather large size in the fall
, and crosses them with a to increase the culture of wheat, because it makes most full-blooded South-Down. The lambs are dropped about
If grown every third year with clover and the 1st of April. The ewes in the fall cost from $2.25 to sheep it improves the land. He did not approve of turn. $3.50 per head. He selects the best, and pays the highest ing in clover.
Would rather let his neighbors eat it off price. "He has good August pasture, and keeps the sheep with their sheep for nothing. He turns under a clover well, so that they go into winter quarters in good consod in July, from seven to eight inches deep, with a Michi- dition. In the winter, keeps them in yards with open gan subsoil plow. Sows one and a half bushels of seed sheds, 60 in a yard, with feeding racks, and liberty to go per acre.
The Mediterranean variety is more extensively under the sheds or lie in the open air as they see fit. grown in his vicinity than all other kinds together. The Feeds them almost entirely on cornstalks, cut up at the Dayton variety has yielded very well, but is tender, and is ground as soon as the corn is hard enough to ripen in the apt to sprout in wet harvest weather—is no better than stook. He does not chaff the cornstalks. The sheep eat the Mediterraneau—a little whiter. Some farms that grew off the leaves, and the butts serve for bedding. A few weeks it last year have not sown it this fall. The earliest variety previous to lambing, the ewes that are heavy are drawn out that he has grown is the Virginia May, a bald white wheat, by themselves, and led with good hay and a little grain. He but not as white as the Soules. He drills his wheat. The seldom loses a lamb. By the end of July, he has his lambs, Hessian fly does not affect the Mediterranean as much as which are strongly marked by the South-Down characterisit dia the Soules, so that they can sow earlier than former- tics, all sent off to the butcher. This year he obtained $4.75 ly; say the first week of September. Has not seen the per head for them. After the lambs are weaned the ewes Plessian fly for five years. The midge is the only enemy get fat, and are sold to the butcher in time to take on a new they have to fight now. Sown in good season, the Medi-supply. They have just been sold this year, and be terranean is but little injured; but when sown as late as netted, from lambs, wool and old sheep, a profit of October, is as much injured as the Soules.
$7.50 per head, over the first cost of the sheep. The Joun Wade of Coburg, C. W., thought seed wheat year before he made a profit of $7 per head. Besides should be brought from the North, as it ripens earlier. this, he finds that the sheep are enriching his land. Corn from Canada will ripen two weeks earlier. There
Mr. PETTIBONE of Vermont, had no doubt about the is no crop more profitable than wheat. Has grown wheat profits of a breed of sheep as related. His sales of wool every third year, and his land is better than it was thirty last June from his Spanish Merino flock amounted to over years ago. His rotation is grass land, manured and $2 per head; and his flock for fifteen years had areraged planted with corn, followed with oats or barley, seeded, 49 Ibs. of wool, such as this year sold at 50 cents per followed by wheat. In his vicinity, they seldom grow pound. He had picked out 20 wethers that sheared 8 lbs. Winter wlieat. The Fife is the most popular spring va- per bead, and two were sold for mutton at $3.50 each, riety. Gets about thirty bushels per acre.
He usually selects out eight or ten wethers in the fall, and Gen. Harson had sowed three bushels of unleached gives them graiy through the winter, and then kills them aslies and four bushels of plaster per acre on his wheat, through the summer for his own use. They dress from 10 and obtained an increase of four bushels of wheat per to 15 lbs. per quarter, and not unfrequently have 10 or 12
Ibs. of tallow in them. When you cannot keep over 50 S. Walrath of Canton, St. Lawrence county, said sheep he would keep the mutton sheep. they used to grow wheat in his neighborhood. He had A. B. Dickinson has sheared 11,000 sheep in a season, sown wheat for ten years, but the fly took it, and he had but would leave every man to decide for himself which abandoned wheat culture. Corn and grass and Spring was the most profitable sheep for him to keep. If mutton
NORTH DRVON BULLS.
123 90 80
is the principal object he would keep the big sheep, the 20. Masterman, J. S. Clemons.
23. Bon Ton, Isaac Clements, Mechanicsville, larger the better, because the larger the carcase the more 22. Champion, R. P. White, Jefferson county, the mutton sells for per pound in market, though he would not pay as much for it himself for his own eating. For
5. Empire, F. L. Yates, Albany...
7. New York, J. Tuisco Wiswall, Mobile, Alabama.. wool the fine wools are the most profitable. He does not 8. Empire, George Porter, Salem,... like gummy sheep, wants a thick fleece but no gum, se. Total, 29 head of cattle, aggregating
84,165 lects ewes whose fleeces have little gum, breeds from these,
PRIVATE SALES. and the manufacturers will soon find it out and pay a higher The Association sold at private sale, two lots of South-Down sheep, price for it. He washes his sheep in vats. Don't let them got by Thorne's Buck, No. 57, to J. Tuisco Wiswall. Mobile, Ala.
One lot of South-Down sheep, to Isaac S. Clements, near Mechanrun in the dust afterwards, as some people do in the west icsville, Saratoga county, N. Y.
Six lots of South-Down ISheep to Abram Fitch, New-Scotland, on purpose to increase the weight of the fleece. Has tried Albany county, N. Y. the experiment and knows that mature animals consume
One Short-Horn bull calf, by Neptune, 3192, to Henry Roseboom,
Cherry Valley, N. Y.. food in proportion to their live weight.
boom, Otsego county, N.
by Neptune, 3192, to Thomas Ben, Rose
One Sbort Horn buli calf, by Prince of Wales, 2082, to Mr. Pierce of Sale of Horses, Cattle, &c., by the Albany As- Worcester, Mass.
Brood Mare Lady Russell, to Garret Ives, Watertown, Jefferson sociation,
county, N. Y.
One stud colt by Bulrush Morgan, also to Mr. Ives. The weather was more propitious Oct. 10, when, ac
Two pens of Berkshire hogs to J. Arcles, Albany, N. Y.
One pen of Suffolk boys to Isaac S. Clements, near Mechanicsville, cording to previous adjournment, the Albany Breeding As- Saratoga county, N. Y.
One pen of Suffolk hogs to Rev. Dr. Morgan, New Rochelle, N. Y. sociation proceeded with their Catalogue Sale of Improved Capt. Joseph Hilton sold at private sale, two lots of very superior Stock. The results will be found below, the name and Alabamevon heisers, got by Empire, to J. Tuisco
Wiswali of Mobile, location of the purchasers showing how widely the ani
The entire sale at anction, of horses and cattle, by the mals offered have been disseminated. The prices, although Association, amounted to $9,360 ; and at private sale and
sale by auction on the 10th of September, $3,160, makbelow those heretofore obtained on many occasions for ing a total of $12,520, besides leaving several fine borses stock of similar value, must be regarded as gratifying in and cattle still unsold. a season of quiescence like the present, and at a period of the year when the public generally are rather disposed to Bucks Co. (PA.) EXHIBITION.—The exhibition of the act the part of sellers than that of buyers. The year, every way successful and gratifying to the many friends
Bueks County Agricultural Society at Newtown was in where given in the following table, is that in which the of that institution. The attendance of visitors was very horses referred to were respectively foaled :
large —fully up to, if not exceeding that of any prerious HORSES-BROOD MARES.
exhibition. The scene presented on the exhibition ground 1. Caroline, 1852. C. W. Bathgate, Fordham,
on Wednesday was animating in the extreme. The large 3. Princess, 1854, C. W. Bathgate.. 6. Dolly Phelps, 1847, Thos, Austin, Albany,
210 exhibition building was gaily decked outside with flags 8. Sontag, 1862, F. L. Yates, Albany.
185 and streamers, and inside there was every species of at9. Ruby, 1850, John Phalen, Albany... 10. Lady Jane Gray, 1846, F. Herman, Albany.
95 traction. The fair sex were on the grounds by hundreds, 12. Pauline, 1850, T. Creighan, Albany. 13. Empress, 1850, Charles Miller, Kinderhook,
adding interest and beauty to the whole affair. The track 16. Blanche, 1850, Geo. E. Porter, Salem, Wash. Co.,
75 was in first-rate order for the display of horses. The dis17. Lady Austin, 1850, Capt. J. Hilton, New-Scotland,
play of articles in the various departments was very credi19. Black Hawk Maid, 1850, J. Nelson Harris, California,
table to the productive abilities of Bucks county. THREE YEARS OLD. 22. Juliet, hy Black Boy, R. Harper, Albany,
190 vegetables of different kinds would bear comparison with 23. Flora, by Gray Prince, H. Bleecker, Jr., Albany,... 200 those shown at agricultural fairs in any county. They TWO YEARS OLD.
were all the production of Bucks county farmers, and not 25. Sorrel Gelding, by Black Lock, F. L. Yates, Albany,
of professional gardeners. In the department of fruit the 26. Black Maria, by Henry Clay, C. W. Bathgate, 27. Parkie. by Henry Clay, F. L. Yates,
150 display was not very large in quantity, but in qnality it 28. Sorrel Filly, by Black Boy, B. Allen, Westchester,.. 30. Brown Filly, R. Harper, Albany..
appeared to be very superior. The display of machinery 32. Chestnut Fily, by Young Albion, c. Miller. Kinderhook,. 85 was very good-particularly of agricultural implernents. 33%. Brandon Maid, by Black Hawk, O. W. Bathgate,.
The clatter of machinery was incessant. Most, if not all YEARLING COLTS. 34. Horse Colt, by Gray Messenger, Thomas Creighan, Albany.. 150 of the implement makers and machinists of the county 36. Horse Colt, by Henry Clay, E. Murphy, Troy,
50 were on hand, with almost every conceivable variety of 37. do.
do. do. 39. Bay Filly, by Young Henry Clay, George H. Charles, Albany, 60 straw cutters, mowing and reaping machines, plows, har40. Brown Filly, by Henry Clay. H. R, Rathbone, Albany, 150 rows and horse-rakes. The number of neat cattle on ex42. Bay Filly, by Monk, H. R. Rathbone,. 43. Horse Colt, by Lone Star, T. Creighan,
140 hibition was rather limited on the first day, but on the COLTS OF 1860..
second day a good number of dairy cows and young cattle 47. Black Filly, by Spirit of the Times, C. W. Bathgate, 150 were added to those already on band, and the display was 51. Bay Filly, by Black Warrior, C. W. Bathgate, 52, Brown ITorse Colt, by Spirit of the Times,
C. Bell, Albany,.. 70 passably fine. The number of horses exhibited fell con54. Black Horse Colt, by Black Murat, Thos. Creighan,.. 105 siderably short of last year, but a finer display of colts was
STALLIONS. 60. Ephraim Smooth, 1858, hy Gray Prince, Geo. H. Charles, 500
never witnessed in this country. There was but a mode63. Logan, 1857, by Henry Clay, E. K. Bradbury, East Greenbush, 500 rate display of poultry, pigs and sheep. There was more Total Sales of Horses above,...
45,195 grain of different kinds on exhibition than we ever witCATTLE-SHORT-HORN Cows.
nessed there before. It was all exceedingly fine. The 3. Red Rose, H. Bleecker, Jr., Albany,
$90 exhibition of horses on the track attracted much attention. 4. Tawasentha, F. L., Yates, Albany,
100 9. Rosa Bonheur, Ira Harris, Albany,
The articles on exbibition inside the building-mainly con10. Tahmoloo, C. L. Hayes, Unadilla,
85 fined to the ladies' department--were all of the first quality. 11. Angelina, C. L. Hayes,
50 12. Agnes, R. Harper, Albany,
130 The preserves, bread, butter, cakes, boiled hans and vari14. Ellen, H. Bleecker, Jr.,..
914 ous other edibles were hard to beat-good enough for the 16. Nymph, R. H. Bingham, Albany,. 17. Filbert, John Arcles, Albany,
190 palate of the most fastidious epicure. There were forty 22. Albino, C, L, Hayes, ..
9 specimens of fresh butter. The receipts from the sale of 24. Snow Drop: T. Roessle, Albany.. 27. Florence, J. Nelson Harris, San Francisco, California, 383 tickets and the entrance of carriages at the gate on the 9. Finella, J. Nelson Harris,
520 firet day amounted to $634—the second day, to $997 46. Isabel. W. E. Haswell, Bethlehem.. 47. Jenny Lind, H. Schoonmaker, Bethlehem,
275 making in all $1,631. Add to this about $400 from the 48. Perfection, W, Haswell, Bethlehem..
325 51. Minna, c. L. Hayes, Unadilla,..
rent or sale of refreshment stands, &c., and the whole in445
come from the exhibition will exceed $2,000. On Friday 1. Neptune, Wm. Hurst, Albany, ...
200 there was a public sale on the ground, giving exhibitors 14. Lincoln, D. V. S. Rainsford, New Scotland, 15, Navigator, George Charles, Albany,
100 an opportunity of selling such as they saw proper, which 16. Pro Bono, 8. Stratton, New York,
70 they had on exhibition. It was not very largely attended. 17. Comet, Il. Sherman, Sandlake, 18. Albanian, M. Kane, Watervllet,
45 -Bucks Co. Intelligencer.
Inquiries and Answers.
carbonate left to pay to compost? Dana, in his " Essay on Manures," page 52, states it to be very valuable; I think it
must be a misprint. Onto. [Although much of the potash is Fanu Mills.- Do you or any of your correspondents know usually taken from the ashes, yet enough remains to render of any cheap grinding mills, portable in their construction, them very valuable. The proportion left varies at different that are reconimended for a country custom business, equal, manufactories. The lime added is valuable. We are not or about so, to the old four foot Burr-stones? I have seen able to give the proportion of potash remaining, but think it one advertised in Mt. Vernon, Ohio, well recommended for often a third or a fourth, and at some imperfect establishpower and capacity. Do you know any thing of either of ments, even more. A tenth or a twentieth forms an excelthese? T. F. c. Springfield, Maine. (A number of farm lent addition to compost.] mills have been offered in market, but our practical knowledge
CHERRY TREES.- Please imform me as to the best way to is not sufficient to enable us to speak of them with confidence. Doubtless somo of our readers have tried them, and can give preserve young cherry trees that have been scratched or skinvaluable and reliable information in relation to their perform-wounded parts with a thin coat of grafting wax, or with the
1. J. L. (Cover the ance and general value-will they favor us with statements composition made by dissolving shellac in alcohol. Give tho of their experience ?]
trees good culture so as to make them grow rapidly, and they SWEET APPLES FOR STOCK, SQUASHES, &C.-1. In setting will soon heal over if not fatally injured or too much barked.] sweet apple trees with view to feed the fruit, what kinds of
SPANISH CHESTNUT—Will the Spanish Chestnut stanå cold apples are best ? 2. Has anybody ever raised squashes to fatten hogs? If so, what kind, and with what result? M. S. H. Gilbert. p. 0. Racine, Wis. [It is probably too tender-it
as low as 26° below zero, and bear fruit, and also the English Chickopee, Mass. [1. There are several varieties of sweet endures the cold in New-York, but the seasons are too short apples, which may answer well for feeding stock--some better than others, according to their adaptation to different locali- for the maturity of the nuts—and it would not probably sueties. The High-top Sweeting is a valuable early sort, especial- ceed in Wisconsin, both on account of the tenderness of the ly at the West-the Golden Sweet is fine, but less productive. tree, and the shortness of the summers.] Ainong autumn varieties, Haskell and Corlies Sweet are very Planting Peach STONES.— I have just received from Ma. productive sorts, the latter the most so, and the best grower -- con, Ga., a fine lot of peaches. I wish to inquire of you, and the Pumpkin Sweet is valuable for late fall and early "how to prepare the pits, and how to plant them, so as to sucwinter. The Jersey Sweet is an excellent and productive ceed best with them.” Julius Nichols, M. D. Suffolk, autuinn variety, but the tree is a moderate grower and rather L. I. [If mixed with sand this fall, and exposed to freezing tender. There are many local sweet apples, some of which and thawing, a part will grow next spring, and all, if crackno doubt are very prolific; and if more attention could be ed, and the kernel planted two inches deep while fresh. If given to select with a view to stock-feeding, we have no doubt not cracked, many will not grow till the second year.) that some might be found, that would yield more per acre Compost FOR TREES.- At wbat time, or how early in the than root crops, and at far less cost. Both cattle and swine fall, is it best to apply compost manure to fruit trees? R. thrive on high flavored apples, if not sweet. 2. We cannot (It may be applied any time during autumn, or even early in give the desired information in relation to squashes.] winter-the precise period is not important. If applied to
ALSIKE CLOVER. I have seen an account of Alsike or the surface, and spaded or plowed in in spring, it will have a Swedish clover in last COUNTRY GENTLEMAN, and having good effect.) tried to procure seed from Scotland but failed, I would thank
SPRING Wheat.-Can you, or any of your readers, inform you, if it lies in your power, to send me a few seeds for ex- me which is the best variety of spring wheat to raise in eastern perimental purposes and oblige. Inclosed you have stamps
JOSEPI ARNOLD. to pay postage. John M. MCALISTER. Pokagon, Cass Co., CORN CUTTERS AND CORx Mills.—Which is the best farm Mich. "[The heads of the Aleike clover sent us by Mr. BART-mill that you know of for corn, in the ear or shelled? Also, lett, were cut before the seed matured. We have, bowever, which is the best machine for cutting up cornstalks, and sent some of them to our correspondent. Possibly they may bruising or grinding the same? Do you think they can be yield a few seeds which will germinate. We presume J. M. used with profit to the farmer, over the usual mode of feeding THORBURN & Co., seedsmen, New-York, would order the seed corn and corn fodder ? Wx. TODD. Clark Co., Mo. Two of this plant from abroad at the request of any one desiring it.] have not had fficient experience with the different corn mills
VINEGAR-Subsoil Plow-Compost. Will you please in- and corn cutters to say which is the best. We hope our readform the writer the best means of converting cider, made of ers who have had full experience will give us the results. We apples from a promiscuous orchard, into vinegar-also where have tried Joice's Star Mill for grinding corn in the ear, and the best two-horse subsoil plow can be procured-also the Hickok's Stalk Cutter and Crusher, and found both to answer best manures for a new garden, located on a thick orchard a good purpose. The former worked with two borses and the grass sod, when best to be plowed and the depth ? A Young latter with one. Where there is a large herd of cattle, we FARMER AND SUBSCRIBER. Hamlet Hall, Amherst Co., Va. have no doubt a great saving would be effected.] (The usual mode of making vinegar from cider is to expose DITCHING PLow. I wish to inquire where I can buy the it in a barrel to the warmth of the sun on the south side of Adjustable Ditching Plow, represented in Register of 1860, a building for several months, admitting the air by leaving page 296, fig. 147. If you can give me the desired informathe bung open. The addition of a little sharp vinegar has- tion you will oblige, JOEL Brown. Mount Healthy. 0. tens the process. Some throw in portions of brown paper, (It may be procured of Milton Alden, of Auburn, or MeFarwhich is also thought to be useful.
land Brothers, of Union Springs, N. Y.. Price, about $10.) An excellent subsoil plow is figured and described in the Illustrated Annual Register for 1860, manufactured by Holmes planted last spring, which grew very well until a inonth since,
JAPAN LILY-VERBENA- Pulox.-I have a Japanese lily, & Stringer of Munnsville, N. Y., and also by Nourse, Mason when it grew black' at the top and I cut it off. It is still alive, & Co. of Boston. This plow works best where there are not but does not grow or show any signs of flowering: Shall I many stones. Where the soil is quite stony, the ditching take it up in the fall
, and put it out again next spring? Can plow made by Paschall Morris of Philadelphia, is best.
Verbenas and Heliotropes be kept through the winter in a celThe best manure for gardens is a compost made of stable lar? Can the Phlox Drummondii be propagnted by seed ? manure ; or the stable manure itself will answer an excellent Can Petunias ? Please answer these inquiries in your paper. purpose, if applied a year before the land is planted, and well R. E. 8. St. Louis, Sept., 1860. [The stem of the lily worked in. The compost may be applied for immediate use, has probably been destroyed by an insect - take up the root, and may be made by mixing turl, peat, loain or clay, with set it out in a new place, cover it with a thin turf for winter, yard manure, with a little leached or fresh ashes. If there and it will probably do well. Heliotropes, with inuch care, is but little vegetable matter in the soil, peat, muck, or leaf may be wintered in cellars; but it is extremely difficult if not Dould may be frecly used in the compost ; if the soil is mostly impossible to keep verbenas in this way. The Phlox Drumsand, a large admixture of clay would be useful, if at hand. mondii is very easily and most commonly propagated by The depth of the plowing should depend on the nature of the seeds, and runs into numerous and beautiful varieties. Pesubsoil, and the amount of manure that may be worked down tunias also are readily grown from seeds.) into it. It should be plowed often enough at different times to pulverize it well and intermix the manure.)
OSIER WILLOW.-Can you inform me where I can get cut
tings of the Osier Willow, and the price per thousand ? I LEACHED Asnes.- Are ashes leached at the soap boilers, want from eight to twelve thousand cuttings if I can get them valuable to compost with swamp mud-is not much of the right. When is the best season to procure and plant them, potash exhausted? How does its value for that purpose com- and where can I get instructions for their growth and manpare with the unleached? Is there enough phosphate and lagement ? L. 1. w. Rockingham, N. Č. [The cuttings
can be procured of Mr. J. H. CORNing, Valatie, Col. Co., N. a sack of guano bought of Messrs. New-York. This Y., who will give all needed information in relation to their was after peas and turnips were sown upon it, about the wadagement.)
10th of August. I had previously manured very highly Bupping TAE PEACH.-Having some 6,000 young peach with well rotted pig manure, about the same quantity of trees to bud, I would be glad to see in the CounNRY GENTLE- land adjoining, also after peas, and had sown turnips about Man plain directions how to bud and the management after the 1st of August. wards. G. 8. (As budding must be done when the bark of the stock peels freely, it will be too late for the successful
We watched the guanoed field with much interest. It performance of the operation when this reaches our corres- came up finely, and seemed to gain upon the pig manureu puudent. He will find minute directions, illustrated with cuts, patch. Four weeks after sowing it seemed almost equia in the first number of the Annual Register of Rural Affairs. to it; but now, alas for Messrs. 's guano, there is no
The Arbor Vite.-Can the arbor vitæ be grown in the longer any room for comparison. In short the guanoeu our open air from cuttings- if so, the season, &c. ? Q. [We do nips are a failure ; but few respectable ones in size among not know of any successful experiments' in propagating the them, while the other crop cannot be surpassed in Oneidi. arbor vitæ by cuttings in open air—it is commonly raised by
Moral.—Buy no guano of anybody. The agents are seed.)
the only reliable dealers, and they sell it only in rery The Pie MeloN.- I have raised three hills apple pie large quantities. melops this year. Can you, or some of your subscribers, in
Muck. form me how to make pies of them, and also how to make Got out a good many loads last January, and spread preserves. C. S. Gravesend, N. Y.
very thick upon a gravelly and loamy piece of land. In Have you got Skellett's Practical Treatise on the Parturi- April sowed oats and seeded with mixed grass and clover tion of the Cow? If you have, what is the price? 1. S. K. seed. Other portions were manured, and others still were We have not seen this work.]
not touched. Where there was the "smell of manure Patagonia SQUASA, &c.—Will some of your readers please the clover showed it very plainly, but we saw no effect tell me through the COUNTRY GENTLEMAN, if they know any. from the muck at all. thing about the Patagonia winter squash. Also what its Corn in Drills for Fodder, vs. Corn Broadcooking and eating qualities are. Whether Kohl Rabi will keep into the winter, and whether it is good for table use in the winter. And please ask G. B. H. to give us an article on
Broke up Mohawk flats in June, and was engaged in the construction of cold pits.
sowing corn, state and western, in drills in the alternate POULTRY.--Will any of the readers of your valuable jour- furrow, when an old farmer friend, of 50 years experience, nal give their experience in keeping poultry, viz., which kind from Jefferson, stopping at my house, begged of me to are the best layers in winter-which kind is earliest ready try a little broadcast. I tried an acre, partly western and for table in spring? Also the length of time after being partly state, but I am obliged to state that my Jefferso il hatched before ready for table ?
A SUBSCRIBER. county friend was badly beaten, although his crop was TROUBLESOME Grass.-I enclose a specimen of a coarse
Let me advise your readers to consider it set. grass which is overrunning my lawn, and of which I am un- tled, that corn should be sown in drills. My western corn able to get rid. Will you kindly suggest a remedy? The was particularly fine, ten feet high and upwards ; acres of god has not been disturbed for many years, and it is thickly it just alike, and cut just in the flower when the butts planted with shrubbery and trees. I am therefore naturally were sweet as sugar. It is a glorious crop, unapproached desirous to avoid plowing: L. Philadelphia. The grass is in my opinion, by any root as a forage crop. the Paspalum læve, and is variously disseminated throughout the country. We do not know of any especial means of
Hungarian Grass. eradication, or any mode different from the usual remedy for To please myself I sowed an acre of this article adjoinweeds, namely cultivation, eradication, or burying, in connec- ing the corn, also upon greepsward. Product, two loads tion with avoiding the spread of seed.]
of hay. This proves to my mind that greensward is not COMPARATIVE VALUE OF Wool.-I wish to make an in- the land for Hungarian grass. Some other experiments quiry as to the comparative value in market of South-Down in the culture of this grass, I will, with your permission, and Leicester, or Cotswold wool-what is the difference per detail on some future occasion. pound, and what may be considered as the average difference
w. Utica, Oct. 17, ’60. in the weight of fleeces ? Are the long-wooled sheep as hardy as the South-Downs, and do they sell any higher per REMEDY FOR CORNS ON HORSES' FEET. pound as mutton ? H. E.' (Will some of our readers, who can give us facts in relation to this matter, please answer the
MESSRS. Eds.—Having gained a great deal of knowledge above.)
from your valuable paper, the Co. Gent., I will contribute INQUIRIES ABOUT TILE.- Do the Albany Tile Works man- my mite for others. ufacture "collars” for their “pipe tile?". (yes, for the 1 and 2 round,) and at what price ?' [84 per 1,000' for the 13
The cure of corns is very easily accomplished by the inch collars, and $10 per 1,000 for the 2 inch collars.) following plan: Don't cut out the corn, nor put spirits of Branch pipes to connect " minor” with
the ** main drains," salts on it, neither pare the heel down, so that the shoe and cost ? [They do not.) What is the probable cost of freight will not touch it. It is of no use whatever, because in a on tile from Albany to Richmond, Val [about 3 per ton at few days the shoe will be hammered down on the corn, this season.]
making it worse. All this weakens the heel. Take some
tow dipped in tar, place on the corn, and nail the shoe on (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) over the tow, which lessens the jar on the corn. Put the RESULTS OF EXPERIMENTS.
shoe on with five nails, three on the outside, and two on
the inner side. Perhaps some will say, oh ! five nails Ens. Co. Gent.-Let me give your readers the result of won't hold the shoes on my horse's feet three days. All a few experiments and observations.
I have to say is, try it. In three weeks take the shoes off, Experiments with Guano.
and examine; if the corns are not gone, put on some more I bought of a gentleman of high rank in the U. S. tow and tar, and in a few shoeings they will disappear Navy, who had purchased for his own use in Valparaiso, without our injuring the foot by weakening the heel, :19 a quantity of guano. This ) sowed upon a small piece of the other plan, paring and spirits of salts, assuredly does. rve, sown upon land that had been denuded of its soil Weak beels, not having the sboe put on level, and with from three to ten feet, by the Central Railroad Company, eight nails, thereby destroying the expansion of the foot, some years ago. The effect was wonderful. I had a which keeps the foot healthy, and not keeping the fout good crop of rye where I could bave reasonably expected soft, are the causes of corns. When you take off the shee,
Is tas very little, and a magnificent crop of clover and grass fol- notice how soft the place is where the tar was. lowing it. The land was manured last fall slightly, and not a reason for keeping the foot soft ? with only chip manure in some portions.
This was guano. Now per contra. I sowed upon a A lady describing an ill-natured man, says : " he neves small piece of excellent land, not the third of an acre, smiles but he feels ashamed of it.”
ONE WHO HAS TRIED IT.