Imágenes de páginas

prove it.

CARE OF SHEEP IN AUTUMN. ly large to accommodate the flocks assigned to them, with

their feeding racks in stormy weather. We would not In some remarks on the “Care of Sheep in Spring," have over fifty sheep in a single enclosure, and a less num(Co. Gent., April 5, 1860,) we adverted to the importance ber would be preferable in the way they are usually cared of having sheep in good condition in the fall-because, for. Prepare these fixtures before they are needed, that if poor, it is particularly difficult to ing them safely when winter comes suddenly upon us, it may not bury our through the winter. “Without very careful manage- Hocks in the snow for want of proper shelter. Conveniment,” we said, “such sheep, especially if kept in large ences for watering should be provided-sheep really reflocks, are decimated by disease and starvation—the poor- quire this in winter, and will not thrive without it. But er and weaker they get, the less chance they have to secure

we will leave further hints until December, thinking the food in the crowd of stronger animals.” If carried suc

matter of sufficient importance to require at least quarcessfully througlı, it is always at a larger cost for feed and

terly notice. care than would have been requisite had they been in good condition in autumn. So that a little present attention to Improvement of Worn-out Sandy Land. secure their thrift, will pay as well as any that can be given

MESSRS. TUCKER & Son-Having a few moments to spare, in the future.

I propose to improve them by giving your readers my The lanıbs should be taken from the ewes the last of method of cultivating worn-out sandy land. September, in order to give the latter time to recruit in

It is now twelve years since I commenced farming for flesh before winter. Unless in very good pasture while myself, without capital enough to buy a cow. Of course suckling their young, sheep get low in flesh from this large I had to run in debt for my farm, and pay for it in yearly demand upon them, and in any case cannot become very payments by cultivating the same. I have necessarily had fat while the yield of milk continues. In many cases com to make improvements slowly. At the time of my puring under our observation, this demand is allowed to con- chase, there was a field of about fifteen acres (separated tinue too long; lambs are even allowed to run with their from my house lot by a public highway,) of worn-out sandams at all times-not becoming weaned until winter. It dy land, which is here termed pine plains. My feeling, is much better for both ewes and lambs to separate them, after I had occupied the land one year, was, if this lot was as directed in our remarks on the “Care of Sheep in Sum- out of sight of my house, I would not do a thing to im. mer,” (Co. Gent., July 26, 1860,) at from sixteen to could not bear, and something must be done. To test its

As it was, it was an unsightly thing, which I eighteen weeks old, giving the Jambs the run of some capacity as it then was, I planted one acre of corn with newly seeded clover field if convenient, and, after confin- ashes and plaster in the hill. It was well hoed, and at baring the ewes to short pasture for a week or ten days—the vest I had less than three bushels of very small ears of better to dry off their milk-to give them also the best feed corn. I read in The Cultivator that clay was lacking in to be had, that they may repair the waste of flesh while drew on a light coat of clay. One acre received 50 loads,

soils of this description. During the next two winters I the grass is yet good in autumn. We have had better such as one pair of oxen could draw up quite a hard hill. success since we adopted this management than before I am sorry I cannot tell how much was put on the rest of both sheep and lambs give more wool, and are easier to the field; it was a much less quantity; perhaps twelve or winter.

fourteen loads to the acre. Since the application of clay If the advice of the article last named, in regard to field has increased in fertility until some of it is very pro

I have applied a small quantitity of manure, and the whole selling sheep has been considered, we have now our main

ductive. flock composed of young and healthy sheep. If, however, For example, I will state what the acre has done this on account of their lambs, any old ewes have been retain. year, to which 50 loads of clay was applied. Last year it ed which are inferior in form and in wool, we should again bore u crop of oats and was stocked to clover; this year sort out and separate, and give them feed to put them in was mowed the last week in June-produced two large

loads of hay, (all clorer.) It was immediately turned over as good order as possible. If we conclude to keep them with one pair of oxen ; a light dressing of manure was orer winter, this is the best policy; if we think best to then applied, and two and one-half bushels of northern sell, (while the demand for sleep is brick and prices up, I corn sown on it, and the land was well harrowed and rolled. as at present,) it will enhance their market value. But it, I fed from this piece of ground for two weeks, 18 cowe, all is safe to adopt the rule, never to suffer a sheep to get pair of horses, once a day. I also kept my stock hoge

of which are giving milk, and one pair of oxen and one over five years old on your hands, unless of particularly


the same. valuable character as pets or breeders.

My cows were turned out an hour or two each day for After the middle of November, the grass is so frost-bit- exercise, and once beside to water—the rest of the time ten, that even if abundant, it will hardly keep the flock they were kept in the stable, and on sparred floors. There in good order without some additional nutriment. And

was feed enough grew on the acre this season, to keep a before this time, it is well to be on the watch to see that

cow a year.

About three acres of the field was set with apple trees the flock has all the food necessary to their keeping in four years ago, which are growing very fast. Some of good condition.

We are not in favor of the confinement of them hung full of apples this year. sheep in pleasant weather, but would allow them the run of

The whole field has been in cultivation this year as folthe pastures for some time after we began to feed them lows: Clover, cornfodder, oats, rye, corn, carrots and caboccasionally. In storiny weather they should have a shel- bage, and one-fourth of an acre is used as a family gar

den. ter, for the long cold rains of this season are very injurious, crop.

There was more land in rye than any other one

All of the above crops have been very satisfactory and if exposed to them, sheep often get diseases of the to me, especially so when I think a few years ago the whole lungs, from which they suffer much, and perhaps never field would produce nothing worth harvesting.

P. S. During the past few months I have seen in the To the “Care of Sheep in Autumn,” may well be added doors for stables-some of them, perhaps all, from first

Co. GENT., some very strong arguments against sparred some lints on getting prepared for their care in winter. class farmers. Do they reason from practical knowledge Good sheds and yards should be provided-sheds sufficient-'or theory? M. 8. K. Chicopee, Mass.

M. S. K.


THERCULTIVATOR. SE.W. Welsh, Eag., ur Limerick, Ireland, who is said to


A letter from Thornedale, under date of the 24th ult., in forms us of the sale by Mr. THORNE of one of his young bulls for exportation to soil. The be himself a breeder of Short-Homs, and who bas been for

some time travelling in this country. He selected one of ALBANY, N. Y., NOVEMBER, 1860. Lalla Rookh's calves, by Grand Duke, now six months old

-a selection which we may add, from personal knowledlce,

does credit to his judgment—for the sum of $1,000; and thus Hurried JOTTINGS.—On my way in some haste to the affords us the first instance in the Short-Horns or other scene of our State Fair at Elmira, I can only jot down one improved breeds, of an American bred animal carried back or two brief allusions to the transactions of the past few to Great Britain. It is a fact worthy of particular attendays. The Skaneateles Farmers' Club held their Sixth tion, for the journey is a long and expensive one for an Exhibition Tuesday and Wednesday. The first day was animal to be taken, unless the purchaser were really con

vinced of its decided superiority. very rainy and unpleasant; the second scarcely better, for although clearer, the wind was high and cold. The town,

MR. Far's SALE OF ALDERNEYS AND OXFORD Downs.however, was wide awake, the grounds quite well attend The following extract is from a letter by a gentleman who ed, and the Show a creditable one. A string of thirty- was present to one of the editors of the Country GANTISfive or forty yoke of working oxen attracted justly much

There was quite a large sale of pure bred and attention; a lately patented implement for laying tile on grade Jersey Cows, and Oxford Down sheep at " Linthe mole.plow principle, without digging any ditch, was mere,” the five estate of Richard S. Fay, Esq., near Lynn, put to work; a very neat building for fruits, flowers, home Mass., on Friday last, (Oct. 5.) The day was cold and manufactures, &c., was handsomely filled, and, with some very rainy, and the attendance consequently lessemed, neighborly contributions from adjoining towns, the whole about a hundred being present. At two o'clock, after a spoke well for the enterprise of the people of Skaneateles handsome and substantial lunch, the sale was commenced and its vicinity. I was glad to make the personal ac- by Wm. F. Otis of Boston ; the pure bred Jerseys brouglot quaintance of so many of the officers and members of the from $80 to $125, and the half bloods from $45 to $100. Society. In spending, during the course of the day, seve- Mr. Duvid Nevins, Mr. John Joy and Wm. s. Lincoln o. ral Hours witli s. M. Brown, Esq., of Elbridge, I picked Worcester, were among the purchasers. The sheep sold up moreover a number of notes of Agricultural interest, at prices running from $7.50 each for a lot of lambs, to wbich when better opportunity occurs, I shall hope to

$51. Two or three small lots were sold to go south, but share with the readers of the Co. Gent. There are many the most of the flock was taken by James S. Grennell, evidences of good farming in all the region through which Esq., of Greenfield, Mass. The introduction of so large a our drive carried us, and Mr. B. has had long experience number of these splendid sheep, the best breed for early viimself, as well as been a close observer of the practice of lambs, ripe mutton and fleece, all combined, into Frank others.

lin County, will soon give it a reputation for its sheep unA disconnected and tedious journey thence brought me equalled in New-England. into Canton, at a late hour Thursday night, where the St. SEEDLING GRare.-G. P. SERVISS of Montgomery Co., Lawrence County Society was holding its Annual festival. N. Y., sends us a specimen of a grape, which he states It had been a fine day and the attendance of people was was ripe the 25th of Aug., while the Isabella and Catawba, such I learned, as to place about $1400 in the Treasurer's at the date of his letter, Sept. 10, appeared as green as at hands; but during the night the rain came on, and Friday midsummer. He wishes to know the name.

The speci. was a cold, blustering, damp, discouraging day. Many of mens were fifteen days on the road, and when received the cattle had been taken off from the grounds, but the the leaves were broken and the berries partly decayed. canse for surprise was rather that so many should have re. We cannot of course pronounce upon them, nor say whether nained, and that the few fitful glimpses of sunlight that they are a new variety. In character they appear to renow and then struggled through the clouds should have semble the Isabella. We think them worthy of further attracted so many people. Towards noon the attendance attention. became quite large; the extensive refreshment tables

Sales OF STOCK-We learn that Col. RICHARD PETERS manifested a gratifying activity; the tasteful Floral tent of Atlanta, Geo., whom we had the pleasure of meeting at was thronged; the other Halls were well filled, and many ihe advertised sale of stock of the Albany Co. Breeder's were scattered about among the liorses and the cattle. There were several individual contributors to this exhi- Jous S. Goe, the well-known breeder of improved stock,

Association some weeks ago, has since purchased of Gen. bition which I should like to mention at length if time per- near Brownsville, Pa., six brood mares in foal by his famitted. The President, Hon. C. T. HULBURD was con: stantly at hand, and, like Secretary Winslow, and the Climax,” (Black Hawk,) and one do. served by “Mes

mous horse “ Bush Messenger ”-one do., served by other officers, indefatigable in effort; while the presence senger."' col. P. also purchased of Gen. Goe, fifty Spanof numerous visitors from Essex and Jefferson showed the ish

erino ewes. Besides this large sale to Col. P., we high rank which the exhibition of St. Lawrence holds hear that Gen. Goe has recently sold an entire Messenger among its sister counties. If I pass by the stock so bur. and Morgan Colt to Elias J. Faison, Esq., of Faison's riedly, we shall have to pause for a moment before a very Depot, N. C. simple and comparatively inexpensive contrivance for pulling stumps, of which there are still many to come out

INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION OF 1862.-It is generally over all this region-invented as I understood by a sub- known that an Exhibition of the Industry of all Nations, scriber to the Country GENTLEMAN, in response to a call is to be held in London in 1862, under the auspices of published in that journal some time back, for a cheaper the Society of Arts, the same institution which got up the and inore effective machine. I shall probably have occa- great exhibition of 1851. A list of subscribers to guarasion to refer to this subject bereafter more particularly.

tee fund, amounting to about $1,800,000, is published in A squall of the first snow I have seen this season came the Gardener's Chronicle. The list is headed by Prince whistling about our ears in the midst of the address, but Albert, who subscribes $50,000, followed by " Mathew no one seemed to mind it much, and I must close this Uzielli, who subscribes a like sum. Then five subscrip; lasty note by adding that if the Farmers of Northern tions of $15,000-thirteen of $10,000—one hundred and New-York turn out so well in the support of their Socie- three of $5,000 each, and a host of others ranging from ties in weather so unpromising, I should like to have the $500 to $2,500 each. opportunity some time of seeing what they can do when * Mr. THORNE of Thornedale, has just received a the sun really shines, and the land is less like a morass, splendid South Down shearling buck, winner of the first and the atmosphere is not quite so energetic in its demon- prize at the Chichester meeting of the Royal Ag. Society, strasjons.

from the celebrated fork of li w. Biguen, Esq.,... 21

L. H. T.

ing another strain of blood to a flock already rich in first tions of the coming year, and why they turn with some prize winners from the folds of Jonas Webb, Henry Lugar, anxiety to ascertain in what other land there is a Goshen Lord Walsingliain, &c., &c.

to which they may send for the bread of their children Seven weeks ago we wrote of the Harvest Rains and their households. The Quarter Day has passed on in England-quoting from a London contemporary, the which the rent of the half-year is in many cases collected, sad picture of merciless storms in constant succession beat- but, gathered in as it has been, the crop requires a deal ing to the ground a crop unmatured and already showing of time to make and harden, either in the rick or in the symptoms of mildew and decay. Since then, some glimp- barn, and tenants who are compelled to send the bulk into ses of sunshine have now and then encouraged the English it on something the same terms they might a lame horse

the market can only do so with the expectancy of selling farmer to brighter hopes, but the month of October comes

And the Farmers' su late in the season that when he finds it opening, as it at a fair, or a sick beast at an auction.” lils, on many still unharvested fields, he can scarcely ex- Journals remind the Landlord that it is for his best interpect enough warm weather between Michaelmas and New est in the long run, not to press too closely a willing but Year's to fit them for the reaper and the miller.

unfortunate Tenant. So the losses of the cultivator begin Let us l'ead once more the Mark Lane review of the at once to be felt in the income of the land-holder, and of werk closing with October first, and then subjoin a few all the classes and ranks within Victoria's realms, there is figures illustrative of the immense tax which such a series none, liigh or low, that will not feel somewhere the blow of vins becomes upon the resources of Great Britain :

which strikes the Farmer-no one that should not learn to ** The opening of the past week,” says the M. L. Express, kindly fruits of Earth. Over and over again

, we have had

pray more earnestly hereafter for Heaven's blessing on the Gare little promise for the yet outstanding corn. tengest luas been followed by heavy rains. nore especially at the in our own national experience similarly unmistakable eriWeeks close, and without a set in of fine drying winds, there seems dence of the importance of Agriculture as the basis of our little logre that the remainder of the grain, ir saved, will be in fitir with it sich in volume of dew. Somne quantity of wheat, even in the derided its claims, just as before-those of us who are Cowlition, sunny weather at this late period, on wet ground, brings prosperity; and over and over again we bave practically Sith and milind counties, remains to be carried, and the bulk of ali grain is yet jeopardised in the north, though Scotland is better of farmers, by neglecting the improvements within our reach, Ireland, 400, is in great peril, with much to be gathered. The agricul and those of us who are not, by snubbing or ignoring the turul statistics of that country show a decrease in the growth of cere. Bis this season, to the extent of 15.273 acres, which, as this consists of Farmer's interests, whenever merchant or manufacturer spring cort--take at 6 grs. per uere-makes 91,33 grs. deficiency; found it convenient so to do. while the growth of potatoes is 28,610 acres less. This consideration, upon the diseased state of the crop which extends over 1,171.837 acres, shows a heavy void to be filled up, supposing Great Britain sup.

# The Journal d Agriculture Pratique dating at plied. As Maize is the principal substitute, it is sad to hear that heavy Paris, Oct. 5, presents a discouraging picture of the weather raits in southern Europe are beginning to threaten this important during the latter half of September, both as regards the grain, which now keeps continually advancing.

The same paper from which the above quotation comes, ripening of the crops where they are still out and the prebrings to us the Government returns of the importation paration of the ground for the seeding of another year. into Great Britain of Agricultural Produce, Live Stock, In the wine regions, the prospects of a good vintage are &c., for the first eight inonths of the present year, closing

no better. Ang. 31, as compared with the same period in 1859.

Sale of Devons.—Mr. JOHN Corp of Freetown, CortThese figures do not begin to show much of the effect of land Co., N. Y., has recently sold to SENECA DANIELS of the present bad harvest, and as last year's wheat crop was Saratoga Springs, a few pure Devons to go to California, better in Great Britain than that of the year before, (1838,) among which are “Faney,” (1268,) bred by E. G. Faile of the imports had been less up to Sept. i, in 1860,'than in West Farms. "Faney” gained the 1st prize as yearling 1959. The expectation there entertained, of obtaining at at the New-York State Fair at New-York city in 1854– leirst 24,000,000 bushels of us out of our present wheat also first prize at New-York State Fair at Syracuse, 1858, burvest, to which we alluded last week,-and the above as best Devon cow three years and over; also "Fashion,” statement of the great deficiency now inevitable through. (1280,) bred by R. H. Van Rensselaer of Morris, and from out almost the whole United Kingdom, shows that the “Fancy,” (1268,) and by imported “Mayboy," (71.) following imports, large as they are, must necessarily be

Jouston's CULTIVATOR.-Nothing I ever saw, will pulgreatly increased in amount during the twelvemonth that verize land equal to the “Johnston Cultivator.” It is is now to elapse before the return of another barvest-time. the cultivator to work corn or potatoes on inverted sod,

The Total Imports of Breadstuff's, &c., into Great Britain, or any other kind of land—at least on all stiff soils. That then, from Jan. 1 to Sept. 1 in 1859 and 1860 respective Mr. S. E. Tanner may depend upon. John Johnston. ly--given in bushels, which is a more familiar expression BARLEY-CAUTION. – As usual, at the State Fair held at to us, than the English “quarters,"—are as follow:- this place last week, I gave permission to any one wishing

23,081,90_in 1-60, 20.3120 samples of my grain to take them gratis; and I under

stand many availed themselves of the privilege. I there

fore deem it proper to say, that the barley I had on ex1,434,90 do.

10,242, 132

hibition is not of the winter variety, and was not so en. IMPORTS OF FLOOR AND MEAL TO SEPTEMBER 1.

tered by me; and why it was so classed by the committee

2,741.27-in 1860, 2,463.092 INDIAN NHAL--Crts in 1959

on grains, I know not. But their award is calculated to mislead those taking samples, and I would like to have you publish this note, Messrs. Editors, for the benefit of those whom it may concern.

B. S. CARPENTER. Sheep and Lambs,

Cucmung Co., N, Y.

In the List of Premiums awarded at Elmira, pubBacon and Hains, Cwts. in 1519,..

270,702 ished in the last number of the Country GENTLEMAN, we

note that the special or sweepstakes prizes are omitted in

the Short-Horn class. In the bull class, the sweepstakes 104,521

prize was taken by “Grand Duke of Oxford,” (16184) Es Number in 1859,....

115,5235,0) do. 123,527,600) imported by Jas. Ö. SHELDON of Geneva, last fall, and in Consider for one moment what vast sums of money are the cow class, by "Gem of Oxford," a heifer bred by the represented in these tens of millions of Bushels of Grain same gentleman and coming in competition here with

in these hundred-weiylits by the hundred thousand, of " Miss Butterfly” and “ Diana Gwynne" as well as with Flour and Meats, and Butter and Cheese-that are re-others bred in this country. It is the first time the quired to sustain the twenty-seven millions of British peo- imported and home-bred stock have come together, and it ple for two-thirds of an ordinary year. And when a sea- is both creditable to the breeder, and worthy of particular son such as that just closing in so darkly over them, vastly remark by others, that an animal bred in American hands diminishes their own immense production—it may be per should bear away the Premium, as “Gem of Oxford” has ceived how important an element, financially, their addi- done, against several competitors imported from abroad tional purchases abroad must be in the commercial opera. Cand starding in high repute there as well as here.


WHEAT-Bushels in 1839,.
BARLEY- do. do.
OAS- do.
PAS (lo, do.
BEANS- do. do.
IXDIAN CORN-Bushels in 1939...

6,014. do.
418.10- do.

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FLOOR-(wts in 1839,

2,178. do. 2,619 LIVING ANIMALS IMPORTED TO SEPTEMDER 1. Oxen. Rulls and Cows, Duinber in 1859,... 27.05 in 1860, 31.374 (alves

do. do. 13.- de. 13.717

do. do. 131,NN do. 141.373 Swine,

do. do.


$1,101-in 1840, Beef, Sult, do. do.

170.11) - do. 2:0. Park, Salt, do. do.

119.-22. do. 132,277 BOTTER, do. (lo.

2014, 1:12 -- do. 464,4 CHEFSE


2*, 19 do. 273,41 Lord,





The Mark Lane Express, in its last "review of the the best I have met with. It is pure, and has been raised British Corn Trade," thinks that if “through the entire here two years from seed from Brazil. The cars are small, seisun tiree million quarters (24,000,000 bushels) of wheat but usually several of them are produced on a stalk. i should be imported" into Great Britain from the United will be pleased to send a little of it to any one enclosing States, the limits of its present expectations would be to “A Berry, Raymond, Mississippi," a stamped envelope fully reached. According to its quotations of American directed to himself. A. BERRY. wiieat at Mark Lane (588. to 658. per quarter) this would CALIFORNIA FARMING.- On the mammoth farm about be equivalent to something like forty-five millions of dol- fifteen miles from Sacramento, in Yolo county, partly ownlars which Britain will have to pay during the currented by General Hutchinson of the St. George Hotel, was twelve months for our breadstuffs and their transportation produced, this season, one thousand acres of wheat, one across the sea,

thousand acres of barley, and eighteen hundred tons of IMPORTED Cattle.—The steamship Nova Scotian brought bay. The full yield of wheat averaged thirty, and barley out some very fine Durham cattle for Dr. Phillips of Orms- forty bushels to the acre; the produce is estimated at 60,town, Canada East. The herd consists of two bull calves 000 bushels, at $1.50 a bushel, or $80,000. The bay and five cows; they are of the purest blood, and were would foot up $20,000. Thus this farm will yield a total raised by Mr. Richard Chaloner of Kingsfort, Moynalty, of $100,000 this year. The California Farmer states that and other celebrated breeders in the North of Ireland. the sales of fruit from the farm of G. G. Briggs of MarysThe destination of the cattle is Kingston, C. W., where ville, last year, were greater than any gold mine in CaliDr. Phillips is about purchasing a property and intends to fornia, amounting to over $100,000.” reside. His many Ormstown friends will regret his determination to leave their neighborliood.

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) CATERPILLER'S Eggs.—“An ounce of prevention is

Wheat Growing in Northern Iowa. worth a pound of cure," and if you would apply it in the

DOBOQUE, Iowa, Oct. 16, 1860. case of these pests of the apple tree, as soon as the leaves Messrs. LUTHER TUCKER & Son-I send you a small fall, look carefully and you will find the eggs of the cater sample of spring wheat grown upon my farm in Winnepiller in bands or rings upon the smaller limbs. Scrape sheik county, near the north line of this State. It was them off, and at one blow you destroy hundreds of future grown from seed distributed by the Patent Office as “Turdepredators. On small trees this can be readily done, key Flint," but it is too soft for flint wheat. I raised and should never be neglected.

about 470 bushels from fifteen acres of new ground (brush What is styled “a convention of the descendants land, in the edge of the prairie,) that had been badly of the late celebrated Vermont Black Hawk," was held at plowed and much of the surface covered with roots and the farm of Josiah Crosby, in North Andover, Mass., on bushes. Kad the land been clean and in good condition, the 9th and 10th instants. Sixty horses, of varions ages, I think it would have produced 50 bushels to the acre, a caine together, but we have no accounts as yet of their not unusual yield for other varieties this year in Iowa. official action. If there was any motion made to admit One field of wheat in the southwest part of Dubuque Co. reporters, we fear the neighs must have had the majority. averaged 52 bushels per acre. There is scarcely a wheat

Pears on Thorns.—In reply to Mr. Quinby's article on field to be found that has not exceeded 20 bushels per Pears on Thorns, I would say—My experience with Pear acre, and the average this year, for the north half of the on Thorn is, it gives a degenerated fruit, and a short-lived State, will probably exceed 26 bushels. I refer more tree. But soil has much to do in this respect. I think particularly to the north part of the State, as it is a better the Hawthorn cannot be more legitimately applied than wheat growing country than the southern counties. In as a fence plant, or as an ornamental shrub. I intend this district the soil is composed of the very elements that shortly to give you my views on the cause of failure in the perfect growth of wheat seem to require. growing good hedges; and the antidote, if such a term be

The wheat crop of Iowa for 1860, is enormous for a admissible--otherwise a remedy. W. M. BEAUCHAMP.

State so young and undeveloped. I have no reliable data BUTTERNUT TREES INJURIOUS to Other Plants. —No- upon which to base an estimate of the number of bushels


in the State. I may at some future time send you ticing in an “exchange" an inquiry on this subject, we

a communication on the subject of the adaptability of our would state that where these trees are common, it is the soil and climate to wheat growing. John W. Taylor. general opinion-sustained by facts in the case of every tree-that no crop of much value can be grown under

The wheat received with the above, was a very beautitheir shade or drip, or as far their roots extend. We have ful sample—the berry very large and plump. half a dozen or more large ones on the farm, "and know whereof we affirm."

Remedy for Lice and Ticks. TURNING UNDER STUBBLE.--I noticed a simple arrange. ment for assisting in turning under stubble, weeds, &c.,

Eds. Co. Gent.-I noticed a few weeks since an inquiviz., a heavy trace-chain, with one end fastened around the ry about the use of tobacco for destroying ticks and lice. beam of the plow just where the upright joins the beam, The farmers of the Connecticut River Valley have always and the other end of the chain fastened to the outside of used tobacco for this purpose in preference to a preparathe doubletree. The chain swung loose, so as to be about tion that might be fatal to the cattle as well as deadly to even with the unbroken land. By using this, the ground the verinin. It is used in the form of snuff and as a deis left in beautiful order, no ends of the stubble and weeds coction-for sheep the latter. sticking up, to make a jagged, uufinished appearance. There is a preparation of tobacco recently patented by New Harmony, Ind.

GRINDER. George Jaques of the “ Ten Hills Farm,” near Boston, The Annual REGISTER.—It is a most invaluable lit- son of the late lamented Col. Sam. Jaques, which, from tle annual-worth its weight in gold. It is my reference actual experience, and from the testimonials of the most for many purposes, and I do not see how I could do with reliable flock masters in this state and in Vermont, I know out it. One of its recommendations has saved me money to be a sure and safe extirpator of ticks on sheep and lice enough to subscribe for it as long as I live.

on cattle. It is also said to cure the scab, but as we never FEGEE ISLAND TOMATO.—We have raised this variety of have any of that in this country, I know nothing of its ef

fect. tomato for two years, and prefer them to any other kind

The preparation is a thick fluid like tar, put up in cans, we have ever seen. They possess the good qualities of large size, thick, firm flesh, and few seeds, as well as a round costing 75 or 80 cents per pound, one ounce of which to

a gallon of water, makes a liquid sufficiently deadly. sinooth form, especially adapting them to table use.

It is cheap, convenient, economical and effectual. It is Pop Conn.-I think I sent you last spring a little pop sold by Fisher & Co., Central Wbarf, Boston, who will un.

Enclosed is a little more. I think it is quite an doubtedly at once advertise it in your paper. acquisition for the little folks, as its popping qualities are Greenfield, Mass.


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LUM PITS.-25 bushels Plum Pits, very choice, Cider-with full directions for use. Price, 50 cents per bottle of ten ounces-enough for forty gallons cider. Sent by express any. Oct. 18-W4t.

H. H. FARLEY, Union Springs, N. Y. Where.

Oct, 18-w4tunik
Ulica, N. Y.

E.-A very choice lot of Large stock of the most desirable sorts. Send for a Catalogue.

The subscribers offer for sale a large and well grown stock of GRAPE

VINES at reduced prices, consisting oi the following, and other good grown and very healthy--1, 3, 3, and 4 years old. rice $18 per sorts, all propagated from genuine stock: Delaware, Diana, Concord, 11M), Also Angers Quince Stocks, one year from cuttings-price $12.50 Hartford Prolitic, Rebecca, Union Village, Anna, Logan, Oporto, &c. per 1000. Terms cash in advance. Please address.

Also the older sorts, such as Isabella, Clinton, Catawba, and Forsyth. Oct. 18-W2t. C. H. CURTIS, Waterville, N. Y.

Sort for culture under glass, of best sorts. Two hundred acres of

FRUIT TREES in large or small quantities, Greenhouse Plants, ROOTS.

Hardy Border Plants, Bulbous Roots, Roses and Dablias in great vari.

ety, Hedge Plants. Strawberry Plants, Raspberry of Everbearing, Our annual Fall importations of

and other good sorts. Address


Sept. 1-W&m2mos.

Geneva Nursery, Geneva, N. Y. are just received from Holland in fine order. It embraces Hyancinths, Tulips, Crocus, Narcissus, Jonquils,

NVENTION TRIUMPHANT! Lilies, Crown Imperials, &c., all strong, sound bulbs, that cannot fail to give satisfaction, Orders should be sent in immediately. The Cost of Draining Reduced One-Half ELLWANGER & BARRY, Mt. Hope Nurseries.

BY THE USE OF Oct, 18_1t.


PRICE, for the ditcher alone €25-with wheels. tree and rever.

sable tongues, $50. Satisfaction warranted. Alyo SHOVELS, made REAPING AND MOWING MACHINES

expressly to be used in connection with the Ditcher-just the thinghas at length been attained, viz: to render them safe instead of very

Price $1.50. Address

D. CALLANAN, dangerous, as at present.

Sept, 27-wtr.

Callanan's Corners, Albany Co., N. Y. This improvement has been perfected and patented by Elizabeth M. Smith, Burlington, N. J., and consists of a device for throwing the

ON AGRICULTURE, cutting bar in and out of gear by means of the driver's seat. Thus, when the driver takes his seat on the machine, his weight throws it HORTICULTURE AND DOMESTIC ANIMALS. into gear, and when he leaves his seat the machine is thrown out of gear. The patent covers the ground of operating by means of the GENTLEMAN and will be sent postage prepaid at the prices annexed:

The following recent works are for sale at the office of The COUNTRY driver's seat.

This circular is issued thus early that all manufacturers may have American Farmer's Ency. Herbert's Horse-keepers,.. 01.25 an opportunity of applying this improvement to their machines for


$4.00 Hough's Farm Record...... 3.0) next suminer's use, Address

DILLWYN SMITH, Allen's Am. Farm Book... 1.00 | Johnston's Ax. Chemistry,. 1.35 Oct. 18-Win2t.

Burlington, N. J. Allen's Diseases of Domestic Kemp's Landscape Garden.
75 ing,

2.00 AGENTS WANTED_To sell five

Allen's Rural Architecture, 1.25 Langstroth on the Hive and
Allen on the Grape... 1.000 Honey Bee,...

1.35 new inventions-one very recent and of great Barry's Fruit Garden,. 1.25 | Leuchar's Hot Houses.. 1.25 value to families. All pay great profits to Agents. Send four stamps Bement's Am. Poulterers' Liebig's Relations of Chem. and get 80 pages particulars. EPHRAIM BROWN, Lowell, Mass. Companion,

1.50 to Ag.. Oct. 18W 13t.

Browne's Field Book of Ma- Linsley's Morgan Horses,

1.00 nures,..

1.25 Miner's Bee-keeper's ManA W TON BLACK B E R R Y.-To Breck's Book of Flowers,... 1.00 Munn's Land Drainer,

Bridgeman's Gard, Ass't,... 1.50



50 obtain the original variety for field or garden culture, address Buist's Flower Garden,.. 1.25 Nash's Progressive Farmer,

60 WM. LAWTON, New Rochelle, N. Y. Do. Family Kitchen Gard., 75 Neill's Gardener's Com 7 Circulars, with ample directions, will be forwarded to all appli. Canfield on Sheep,..

1.00 panion,

1.00 cants, free.

Aug. 1--m121. Cultivator, bound, per vol., 1.00 Norton's Elements of Agri-
Chorlton's Grape Grower's


60 Guide,

60 Pardee on the Strawberry..
R SA L E.-900 Acres of land fronting Dadd's Modern Horse Doc., 1.00 Quinby's Mysteries of Bee.


1.00 of superior natural soil, well calculated for raising early vegetables, Do. Diseases of Cattle, 1.00 | Rural Affairs, (2 vols.). fruit, &c. A part of it is adapted to grain, grass and grazing-will be Dana's Muck Manual.. 1.00 Stewart's Stable Book.. 1.00 divided to suit purchasers. For further particulars apply to

Darlington's Weeds


Thomas' Farm Implements, 1.00 SAMUEL L. CLEMENT, Willing's Alley, Useful Plants,

1.50 | Thomas' Fruit Culturist,

1.25 Oct. 18-w4t Above Third Street, Philadelphia. Downing's Fruits and Fruit Warder's Hedges and Ever.




Eastwood's Cranberry Cul. Watson's Home Garden,.. 1.50 VITUATION WANTED.-By a first class


60 White's Gardening for the Gardener, German, married, with one child. Will be disengaged Farm Drainage, (U." F.


1.25 the first of November, 1860. He understands the culture of the grape- French.).

1.00 | Yale Lectures, 1860),..

25 vine, as well as all other branches of the business, and can come Frank Forrester's Horse in Youatt & Martin on Cattle, 1.35 well recommended. Address T. S., Box 91, Florence, Mass. America,

10.00 | Youаtt on the Horse,

1.95 Oct, 18-W2t.

Flint on Grasses,

1.25 Do, on Sheep,... Flint's Milch Cows,....... 1.25 Do, on the Hog.

75 Ο Τ Η E P U B L I C.

TEEL PLOW We are Do you wish to read an entertaining, instructive, religious and secular, family newspaper, sound, conservative and safe,

Plows with steel mold board and land-side, with steel or cast point, as THE LARGEST IN THE WORLD,

desired, and would refer you to the following persons, who have them giving a full, impartial and reliable summary of all the news in all re- John Johnston, Geneva, N. Y. ligious denoininations, from all political parties, from all countries in J. Ingersoll, lion, N. Y. the world, belonging to do sect in the church, and to no party in the Wm. Summer, Pomaria, s. C. State, but opposed to every ism that disturbs the peace of the com. R. C. Ellis, Lyons, N. Y. Imunity and the harmony of the country; a newspaper having distinct Col, A. J. Summer, Long Swamp, Florida departments devoted to Agriculture, Commerce, and General Litera. A. J. Bowman, Utica, N. Y. ture, with Tales, Poetry, Science and Art, furnishing pleasant and in. A. Bradley. Mankato, Minesota, structive reading for children and parents, in all the realms of matter F. Mackie, Utica, N. Y. and mind? You can have it for one year by sending your pame and We are also manufacturing Sayre's Patent Horse Hoe and Potato address, with $2.50, to the NEW YORK OBSERVER office.

Covering Machine. Sayre's Patent Cultivator Teeth in quantities for Any person who will obtain five NEW SUBSCRIBERS with advance the trade; and all kinds of steel and swage work in the agricultural payment, may retain Five DOLLARS as his commission. And for line, Send for a circular,

SAYRE & REMINGTON, Twenty NEW SUBSCRIBERS, may retain Twenty-five Dollars as his com. Jan. 26wtf Mar. 1-inti. Union Agricultural Works, Utica, N. Y. mission.


Editors and Proprietors, Oct. 18.-WGtm2t.



They will chaff and screen wheat in passing through the mill once, 10,000 New Rochelle Blackberry. Gooseberies, Currants, Raspberries. ranted the very best in use.

in the most perfect manner, and all kinds of grain and seed. War Grapes--hew and old, 5.000 Linneus and Victoria Rhubarb. Downing's Ever-bearing Mul.

Patent Rights for sale of all the Western States, berry.


I. T. GRANT & CO. A large collection of Strawberries, including “ WIZARD OF THE

May 1-12

Junction, Rensselaer Co.. N. Y. NORTI." believed to be the most magnificent berry ever raised. Specimens have measured nine inches around, and of good quality.

& CO., PATENT linported by E. Y. Teas, Richmond, and for sale in America only by him and inyself.

GRAIN CRADLE. 100,000 Evergreens, American and European, mostly small and guitable for nurseries,

They are so improved as to be taken down and packed in boxes for

transportation. One dozen can be packed in a box of about six cubic Ornamental Trees, Shrules, Vines, Roses, Hardy and Green-house feet. We also make the Grapevine Cradle. All of the above are Plants. Bulbs, &c., WHOLESALE AND RETAIL at lowest rates. Priced Lists on application.

made of the best material and workmanship. For Price List, address

JOHN C. TEAS. Oct. W2tmlt.

1. T, GRANT & CO., Raysville, Henry Co., Ind. May l-m12t

Junction, Rensselaer Co.. N. Y.




S or helping trade career to pour mon manufacturing

in use:


F ready for orchard planting


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