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ILLUSTRATED ANNUAL T Sara Lugh County. Of about 500 acres, 200 of whicle be

10 LETA FARM Moreau,


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with a large and convenient house and all necessary outbuildings, in. 1861.

cluding four barns. It is situated on the bank of the Hudson river, THE SEVENTH NUMBER of this attractive and useful Work is within one mile of the village of Fort Edward, and five of the village of

Glens Falls. The station house of the Saratoga and Whitehall rail. now nearly ready for the Press. We hope to have it out some weeks road is on the premises-thus affording every facility for market. To earlier than usual, and are now prepared to receive orders for single a person of sufficient means to stock the farm, and who will have some numbers or in quantity, which will be filled as soon as die REGISTER pride in keeping it in good order, favorable terms will be given. Ad.

dress the subscriber at Moreau Station,

W. H. WARREN. for 1861 is issued. The attention of OFFICERS OF AGRICULTURAL 80

Sept. 26-Weowotm3t. CIKTIES and others who propose attending Town, County or State Fairs this Fall is particularly requested to the ready Sale which may be had

FOR SAL E.for the Register during these anniversaries, and on other occasions, froin the First of September even until another spring, TERMS-as Two hundred and Eighty acres of good Limestone Land, 4% miles neretofore: SINGLE COPIES, postpaid, TWENTY-FIVE CENTS; ONE east of Brownsville, Pa.-two hundred acres cleared and under a high DOZEN COPIES, postpaid, Two DOLLARS; ONE HUNDRED COPIES, state of cultivation. FIFTEEN DOLLARS, and larger quantities at a farther reduction.

Price $50 per acre, 2-5ths of which will be taken in pure bred stock,


JOHN S. GOE, Brownsville, Pa.
May 24wtf.

(P. 0. Box 6.) Among other valuable chapters, the ANNUAL REGISTER for 1861 wlll contain the following: I, WORKING MEN'S COTTAGES-Seventeen Engravings.

L B A N Y TIL E WORKS, 1. Important Advantages of their Erection. 2. Design for a Cottage of the Smallest Size.

CORNER CLINTON AVENUE AND Kxox STREET, ALBANY, N. Y. 3. Design for a Cottage on a somewhat Larger Scale.

The Subscribers, being the most extensive manufacturers of DRAIN. Design for a Cottage of better class or for a small Farm House. ING TILE in the United States, have on hand, in large or small

quan. 5. Design for a somewhat more costly Cottage. 6. A Design by L. B. Valk.

warranted superior to any made in this country, hard-burned, and 7. A Design by J. M. Wade, with modifications.

over one foot in length. Orders solicited. Price List sent an applicaII. LAYING OUT GROUNDS--Five Engravings,

& 1. Plan of a Village Hall Acre Garden.

Jan. 3-wtf,-Feb 1-mtf.

Albany, N. y. 2. Simple but Graceful Arrangement of Pleasure Grounds. 3. Laying out a Western Farm.

RAIN TIL E.-The subscribers are preIII. PRUNING AND TRAINING ROSES-Eleven Engravings.

pared to furnish DRAINING TILE of the first quality, cut 14 i. Tree Roses; two modes with figures.

inches in length, with a calibre-have on hand in large or small quan2. Weeping Roses.

ties for Land Draining, ROUND, SOLE AND HORSE-SHOE TILE. We war. 3. Pillar Koses.

rant every Tile to be hard burned and perfectly round. IV. NEW FRUITS AND POMOLOGICAL NOTICES_Twenty-one Orders from all parts promptly attended to, and practical Drainers Engravings.

furnished if required. We will not be undersold by any manufacturer 1. Basket of Plums-Descriptions and Figures of 15 newer Sorts, in the United States. 2. Notes on Strawberries-Results of the Farther Experience of Price List sent on application. the Year.

All Tile delivered free of charge on board cars or boat, in this City. 8. Pruning Dwart Pears.

Factory on the Western Plank Road near the Asylum, 4. Accurate Portrait of a Dwarf Pear Tree in Bearing.

MCBRIDE & CO.. 5. How to Obtain Fruit in New Places.

Aug. 23--wtr (formerly Artcher & Alderson) Albany,' n. Y. V. STRUCTURES FOR GREEN HOUSE PLANTS-Ten En. gravings

F. THORNTON 1. Construction and Management of the Cold Pit. 2. The Conservative Pit. 3. Ward's Cases.

laying out of Pleasure Grounds, Parks and Cemeteries, &c. Address 4. The Window Case and Aquarium,

O. F. THORNTON, Beloit, Wis. 7. Translucent Paint for Glass,

REFERENCES-Wm. L. Ewing. St. Louis, Mo., S. J. Sherwood, N. P.

Waterman, B. W. Bruel, Beloit, Wis. VI. DOMESTIC POULTRY-Thirty-three Engravings.

July 19-w13t. 1. Origin of Domestic Fowls. 2. Descriptions at Length of the Different Breeds. 3. Management of Poultry.

Inventors and Manufacturers of the most improved Agricul. 4. Five Designs for Poultry Houses. 5. Nests, Pens, Coops, Feeding Hoppers, &c.

tural Iinplements and Machinery adapted to American and Foreign

trade. 6. Diseases of Poultry.

Their long experience in this business has given them an extensive VII. WEEDS AND THEIR DESTRUCTION—Twenty-one En. foreign correspondence and acquaintance, which, together with their gravings.

facilities for manufacturing, enables them to compete successfully 1. General Rules for their Prevention and Extirpation. wich any part of the world in the manufacture of Agricultural Ma2. Annual and Biennial Weeds.

chinery 3. Simple Perennial Weeds.

They manufacture Horse-powers and Threshers, Reapers and 4. Creeping Perennial Weeds.

Mowers, Corn Shellers, Straw Cutters, Plows and Castings, and every 5. Noxious and Intruding Shrubg.

variety of goods in their line of business, VIII, FILTERS, AND FILTERING CISTERNS-Five Engravings.

Foreign and home orders are solicited, and will meet with prompt 1. Construction of Portable Filters.

attention. May 10--wtf. E. WHITMAN & Co., Baltimore, Md. 2. Another Plan for the same.

8. Filters attached to the Cistern, IX. AGRICULTURAL NOTES.

A large stock of strong well rooted plants, for sale by the 1,000 X. HORTICULTURAL NOTES,

and 10,000, at greatly reduced prices. XI. RURAL MISCELLANY.

A. F. CONARD & BRO.. Sept. 27-wtf.


TEW ROCHELLE OR LAWTON This, preceeded by the usual Calendar pages and Astronomical Cal. culations, forms a book which is certainly cheap at its retail price,

BLACKBERRY SEED. while the Publishers may especially call attention to the pithy and ap.

$1 per Paper of 2,000 Seeds , $6 per Quart. propriate HINTS FOR THE MONTH which appear upon the Calen- The above seed has been saved in the best possible manner. Sow dar pages, as embracing in the most concise form many valuable sug- half sand and half mould.

the seed in seed bed; cover from a quarter to half an inch deep with

GEO, SEYMOUR & CO., gestions to the article on WORKING MEN'S COTTAGES, for the

Sept. 29-w5t,

So, Norwalk, Conn. neat and useful Designs it contains-to those upon ROSES and GREEN HOUSE Structures for their beautiful illustrations-to that upon POULTRY as the most complete chapter upon the subject yet pre- EW-ENGLAND GRAPE NURSERY, sented in equal space, accompanied as it is by so many Engravingsand to that upon WEEDS and their Destruction, as presenting just the

BRIDGEPORT, CONN., information which every Farmer requires, with cuts by which he can

William Perry & Son, Proprietors. compare the most common and troublesome of these intruders, and appropriate practical directions how to get rid of them.

We have for sale this fall, as fine a stock of THE PUBLISHERS, with the view of rendering the circulation of Delaware, Diana, Coneord, Rebecca, Hartford Prolific, the ANNUAL REGISTER for 1861, still wider and larger than that of any and all the other best varieties of Hardy Native Grapes, as can be previous Number, are prepared, as above intimated, to offer the most found in the country, from 25 to 30 per cent cheaper than the same liberal Terms for its introduction in quantities, either to Agents, Ag. quality of plants can be obtained at any other Nursery. any others who take an interest in the dissemination of useful read! Every Plant sent out is warranted true to name. ing, and in the promotion of Rural Improvement,

Our stock of Delawares consists of 5,000 layers, and two to three Address all orders or inquiries to the publishers,

thousand plants grown in open air from single eyes, stout and well LUTHER TUCKER & SON,

rooted. 10,000 Concord layers of remarkably large size, and roots ALBANY, N. Y. from one to three feet long. For farther particulars send for our

Wholesale Catalouge of Hardy Native Vines, which will be sent gratis, PLOW! MO LE PLOW!! logue of Hardy Native Vines. Address

or two three cent stamps, and get our Illustrated Descriptive Cata. FOR UNDERDRAINING.


Sept 27—W3m.

Bridgeport, Conn. Are easily made without Tile in stiff clay soil, void of stone, sand and


G S.gravel, making a GOOD PERMANENT DRAIN. In other soils, fifty rods per day, with Tile drawn in, from one to three feet deep, graded -5,000 vines for sale by T. B. MINER, Clinton, Oneida Co.. N. Y. with an adjustable screw through the beam. Correspond with

These vines sent FREE to Club Agents of the RURAL AMERICAN. Sept. 6-wti. J. DUNHAM, Etna, Tompkins Co., N. Y. Send for Circular,

Oct. 11-w3t.


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Contents of this Number.

Special Busines: Notices.





For terms of The CULTIVATOR and List of Premiums to Agents, Improved Farming Needful,

329 Fariners' Daguerreotypes,..

for 1861, see page 344 of this paper.

330 Editorial Correspondence, by L. H. T.,

831 The Elmira Meeting of the N. Y. State Ag. Society,

831 New York State Fair at Elmira,.


Discussions at the State Fair,
Culture of Indian Corn,

334 Terms to Clubs for 1860--each Subscriber receiving a Copy, Second Evening-Sheep Husbandry,


post-paid of the Illustrated Annual Register of Rural Raising Corn and Oats,.. Grass and Irrigation,..

Affairs : Toad Flax or Snap Dragon,

837 Five Copies CounNRY GENTLEMAN and REGISTER,. Practical Farming in Onondaga County,

338 Ten Copies


16 0 Culture of Tobacco,

IT A Premium Copy of both THE COUNTRY GANTLEMAN and Reos. A Wheat Talk with Farmer F., by ALBERT,


TER will be sent free to any one making up a Club of Ten, and for any Lambert or "Weevil-proof Wheat,

342 Wheat after Barley,


addition to this number, the rate will be $1.65 for each subscriber, and

a free copy for each additional Ten, Forty Bushels of Lime per Acre, Ide's Wheel Cultivator,


The Country Gentleman Alone.
Share's Coulter Harrow,.

Single Copy, one year,....

$2.00 Harvesting and Unloading Hay, by WM. HALL..

Three Copies,

5.00 The Twenty-Eighth Year of the Cultivator-Premiums for 1861 34

Five Copies, ........

8.00 White Amaranth,....

Teri Copies,

15.00 New Hampshire State Fair, 1860, by LEYI BARTLETT,

316 Michigan State Fair, by J. L, T...


No subscriptions received on club terms upless paid strictly in Deep Plowing and Muck,..


advance. Fifty cents additional is in all charged for each subEnglish Potatoes, by GERALD HOWATT,.


scriber when payment is not made in advance. Alsike or Swedish Clover, by LEVI BARTLETT,

849 Discussions at the State Fair,


EXTRACTS FROM OUR CORRESPONDENCE. Third Evening--Culture of Wheat,

350 Sheep Husbandry,

MASSACHUSETTS-Deerfield, Jan. 5.-You will see by the above, I Bucks County Exhibition,.....

351 have secured six new subscribers to the Co. Gentleman, which is much Inquiries and Angwers, ...

352 better than I anticipated, considering the multitude of Agricultural Results of Experiments, by W.,

873 Improvement of Worn-out Sandy Land, by M. S. K.,..


papers published. The Co. GENTLEMAN is the most practical-there. Noies for the Month,.

383 fore the most reliable of all Agricultural papers that I have read. Mr. Wheat Growing in Northern Iowa, by John W. TAYLOR, 357 Johnston's writings are worth more than twice the cost of the paper, THE GRAZIER AND BREEDER.

and I wish every farmer in the land could be made to think so. To Toose in Young Cattle, by R. M'CLURE, V. S.,

343 him who feels really interested in Agriculture, and likes to read about Sale of Horses, Cattle, &c., by the Albany Association,.. 351 it, the Co. Gentleman would be a welcome friend. J. C. Remedy for Corns on Horses' Feet, by ONE WHO Knows,. 353 Care of Sheep in Autumn,


WESTERN NEW YORK-Fredonia, Jan. 21.-It is now twenty years Remedy for Lice and Ticks, by J. S. GBENNELL,..

357 since I became interested in agricultural papers, and I have every year HORTICULTURAL DEPARTMENT.

devoted a little time to extend their circulation. It has always been Scattered Notes of Travel-II,

340 a matter of surprise that farmers are so unwilling to read about their Cincinnati and Vicinity..

310 own occupation. The first year I read the Cultivator I could directly The Trailing Sanvitalia..

315 Verbenas, &c., from Seed, by R. S. E.,..


point to a pecuniary benefit by so doing of $14. In canvassing for subDwarf Pears,..

348 scribers, an incident or two I mention. I asked a driving farmer to THE DAIRY DEPARTMENT.

take the Cultivator. He gave a positive "no." Said he, “I have a Bringing Home the Cows-Milking, by B., ...

337 brother that took it one year, and it came very near ruining him." It Pumpkin Seeds Injurious to Milch Cows, by J. L. R.,

313 was hard work in those days to get half a dozen readers to the Culti. RURAL ARCHITECTURE.

vator. But a change is working. The full grown “Country GentleDesign for a Farm House....

.... 348 man," with his pleasant face and good advice is now a welcome visitor DOMESTIC ECONOMY.

in a score of the farmers' homes, and his weekly visits are deemed How to Keep Cider, by D....

341 about as important as the "cruise of oil." How to Make Bread from Unbolted Wheat Flour, by P. S... 341 A friend said to me the other day he wanted the Country Gentle Recipe for Grape Wine, by RUSTICUS,

341 The L'se of Rawhide, by WILLIAM RHODES,


man. “That little Register you sold me a year ago was worth $54 to Valuable Recipes,

349 me last year." THE POULTRY YARD.

Let the farmers of America be an "institution" of themselvesCaponizing Chickens, by Wu. P. Gibson,.

341 their sons and daughters have an education appropriate to their call. THE BEE-KEEPER'S DEPARTMENT.

ing, and not to be ashamed of their profession. Soon they will know Natural Life of the Honey Bee, by M. M. BALDRIDGE,


and assert their rights, and give us laws that will be wholesome, and ILLUSTRATIONS.

for the general good, and wrangling demagogues who only squabble for Toad Flax.. 837 Dwarf Pears,

the "spoils" will be elected to stay at home. A. S. M.

344 Culture of Tobacco,

333 | Design for

a Farm House, 314 MARYLAND.—Royal Oak, Jan. +About one year ago I left the countThe Trailing Sanvitalia,


ing-room in the city, to undertake the more arduous duties of the

corn-field. Being almost wholly unacquainted with the business R E ES AND PLANTS. I was then about to engage in, I naturally sought information from

As the season for setting out Trees and Plants is at hand, indi.every available resource. One of the first publications I subscribed viduals desirous of making selections, will receive Priced Descriptive for was the COUNTRY GENTLEMAN, mine being, I believe, the only Catalogues of any Department of Nursery Stock. by enclosing a stamp copy taken in this part of my county. I have for one year been to

WILLIAM R. PRINCE & CO., Nurseries, Nov. 1-W&mit.

Flushing, N. Y.

a careful reader of its neatly printed pages, and now look upon it as a friend with whom I cannot part. What advancement I have made in

ill pretend to say, but I can say that I EACH SE E D.—1,000 bushels reliable farming during the year I PEACH SEED,

am under obligations to the Gentleman and its correspondents for

nearly all I do know upon the subject of agriculture and faria managemostly from Illinois, for sale

at one dollar and twenty five cents per ment generally. The two dollars invested at the beginning of 188, has bushel, by JOHN F. DAIR & CO., 40 and 42 Lower Market-st., Oct. 25-wit

Cincinnati, O.

paid much more than compound interest. As an evidence of my ap.

preciation, I have been endeavoring to extend its circulation and inNURSERYMEN AND FARMERS—FOR fluence among my neighbors, and as the result of a day or two's effort, ACRES OF GOOD LEVEL LAND, near the city of Baltimore, and ber before long-and shall always be careful to speak a good word in convenient to a turnpike. It is admirably adapted for an extensive your behalf whenever an opportunity offers, hoping your circulation pually sent North for Trees, &c., which would seek a supply nearer may increase an hundred fold. J. L. R. home. For particulars address JOHN I. GROSS, Real Estate Agent,

KENTUCKY-Maysville.-I now have the COUNTRY Gent, complete Oct. 25-W21*

Baltimore, Md.

from No. 1, Vol. 1, to date, well bound, well read, and I think I havo pocketed more money by it than any individual west of the mountains, "in a quiet way." J. B. P.

CANADA WEST-St. Thomas.- I cannot take leave of the " CorrAllen, 81 per doz.-05 per 100—440 per 1000.

TRY GENTLEMAN" for 1859, without acknowledging the benefit of his Brinkle's Orange, 91 per doz.-96 per 100_$50 per 1000.

acquaintance, and the pleasure derived from his "sayings and doCataw issa, 15 cents each, or $1 per dozen,

ings,"--especially from his "Notes from Abroad." S. E. Col. Wilder, (yellow.) 91 per dozen. Fastolf, 81 per doz.--$5 per 100.

CANADA EAST-St. Armand, Jan. 10.--I have been a convert to your Franconia, *1 per doz, 95 per 100.

valuable journal the last year, and can highly recommend it to every Hudson River Antwerp. $3 per 100-— $25 per 1000.

tiller of the soil, as being worthy of introduction to their homes, and New French Everbearing, 81 per dozen.

would urge it upon every farmer that can clear two dollars from his Yellow Antwerp, (large fruited) $1 per dozen.

farm, to forward it to you for the COUNTRY GENTLEMAN, hoping it will Plants deliverable this fall or next spring.

be with them at the end of one year, as it is with me at the end of the

JOHN WILSON Oct. 21 --wit,

past; if so, they will not be without your journal for ten times its cost Albany Nursery, Albany, N. Y. Now brother farmers send for a copy and read for yourselves! N, J. D



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The success which has this year 60 generally attended arrangements with B. K. Bliss, the well known Seedsman the exertions of our Farmers, should encourage them to of Springfield, Mass., to supply us with various assort renewed effort to render their pursuit a more remunera- ments of tive and less hazardous one hereafter-while at the same FLOWER AND VEGETABLE SEEDS, time it places additional means within their reach for the As put up by him for mailing to all parts of the country Acquirement of Information and the Study of the Expe- for several years past, with unparalleled success and satisrience of others.

faction to lis numerous customers. The Assortments are:

FLOWER SEEDS. “It is now seven years or more," writes an Indiana

1. Twenty Choice Varieties of Annuals. subscriber, whose letter we open just as this Number goes 2. Twenty Choice Varieties of Biennials and Perennials. to press, —"since I commenced taking THE CULTIVATOR, 3. Ten Extra Fine Varieties of Annuals and Perennials-embracing and most of this time I have taken two or three other 4. Five very Choice Varieties selected from Prize Flowers of English

many of the new and choicest in cultivation. Agricultural papers. Some of these I must now discon- Pansies, German Carnation and Picotee Pinks, Verbenas, Trul. tinue, but TÅE CULTIVATOR I must have, because it suits 5. Fifteen very Select Varieties of Green House Seeds.

faut's French Asters and Double Holyhocks. me and is the CHEAPEST PAPER that I ever took at the 6. One Hundred Varieties of Annuals, Biennials, and Perennials, inprice, and it is also regular to hand, while some of my

cluding many new and choice varieties.

7. Fifty do. other papers fail of coming and give me a good deal of

VEGETABLE SEEDS. trouble and vexation. I will try, and send you other sub. 1. Twenty Choice Varieties, including those most in demand in every Bcribers.”

Garden, with the exception of Peas, Beans and Corn, which can.

not be sent by mail on account of their weight. It is the extreme cheapness of this Journal, in propor. 2. Forty-five Choice Varieties, including a still wider assortment than tion merely to the amount of matter it contains to which that above named, and with the same exception as regards Beans,

Peas and Corn. we call attention, because in this respect, aside from the 3. Collection to 80 by Express, containing a complete assortment of extent of its Correspondence and the number of its Illus- everything wanting in an ordinary garden, in quantity sufficient

for a family of moderate size-for instance, a quart each of four trations, it has no rival we believe in our periodical lite

varieties of Peas to ripen in succession, and other seeds in prorature, and because—such being the facts of the case with

portion. regard to THE CULTIVATOR alone,—their force is greatly in. 4. Collection to go by Express similar to No. 3, but on a larger scale

throughout, and including about SEVENTY-FIVE VARIETIES! creased when each Club subscriber is also presented with

I. These different assortments may be recommended as a copy of the ANNUAL REGISTER with its additional stores of information and engravings. When $6 is sent for 10 judiciously selected, well put up, reliable in character of

seed, and in all respects worthy of confidence, and we will copies of the CULTIVATOR and REGISTER—each FIFTY CENTS pays for a total of over FIVE HUNDRED PAGES, embellished send Postpaid to the Agent from whom we receive TEN with nearly THREE RUNDRED instructive as well as 'orna-ister for 1861–either ONE of the following Assortments ;

DOLLARS for Twenty copies of the Cultivator and Rege mental illustrations !

No. 1--Flower Seeds, It thus presents a double claim-upon those whose cir.

No. 2.-Flower Seeds. cumstances necessarily limit their expenditure for reading,

No. 3--Flower Seeds. as at once the CHEAPEST AND THE BEST BY ITSELF, and

No. 4.-Flower Seeds.

No-1--Vegetable Seeds. upon those, who, like our correspondent above quoted, also take other Journals of a similar kind, as presenting FIFTEEN DOLLARS, may select either of the above named

II. The Agent sending THIRTY SUBSCRIBERS and in addition to them 'MORE MATTER AT THE PRICE than can assortments

, and will receive in addition a Free copy of be obtained in any other form.

the CultiVATOR and REGISTER for himself. Will not, then, evrey friend of Agricultural Improve

III. The Agent sending us FORTY SUBSCRIBERS ment into whose hands this Number may come, exert him and Twenty Dollars, will receive a Free Cory of the self somewhat, to place The CULTIVATOR AND REGISTER CULTIVATOR and REGISTER for himself, and may in ad. for 1861 within the reach of as many as possible of his dition select any TWO of the above Assortments or in neighbors and associates ? To begin with, Five DOLLARS place of the latter, either assortment will pay for Ten Copies of The CULTIVATOR and Ten of

No. 7--0f Flower Seeds, or the Annual Register for 1861—with an eleventh copy of

No. 2..or Vegetable Seeds. each free for yourself. And

IV. The Agent sending us FIFTY SUBSCRIBERS and AS PREMIUMS FOR LARGER CLUBS we have made | TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS, will receive a Free Copy of the

CULTIVATOR and REGISTER for himself, and in addition SUGGESTION TO YOUNG MEN. either of the following as he may select :

A Canadian correspondent of the Co. Gent, makes the The First FOUR Assortments of Flower Secds; or any one

following suggestion, which is well worth the attention of of them, together with elther No. 5, or No. 7Or, Any two of them, together with No. 2, of Vegetable the sons of all of our farmers : Seeds

"Could not the younger branches of your agriculturists Or, No. 3, of Vegetable Seeds, with either No. 1, 2, 3, or 4 form Societies for Matual Improvement,' and twice a

of Flower Seeds, as preferred. V. For SIXTY SUBSCRIBERS and Thirty DOLLARS, President, Vice-President, and Secretary be chosen—let

month or so meet for the purpose of instruction? Let a an extra copy of Cultivator and REGISTER, together with

them read such books aloud, the “ COUNTRY GENTLEMAN," either,

or "The CULTIVATOR," "Johnson's Lectures on Agricultural Assortment No. 6, of Flower Seeds-or Assortment No. 4, of Vegetable Seeds, as may be preferred. Chemistry," and others of a like nature ; tben let every

* In any case where extra copies of the CultivaTOR young man explain bis ideas, or ask for information on and Register are preferred, they, or AGRICULTURAL such subjects as he does not fully comprehend. The young Books to an equivalent value will be substituted upon the men may discuss the practice of their own parents, and by request of the Agent.

a mutual interchange of ideas acquire a great deal of knowlMEMBERS OF Clubs may receive their papers at Differ- edge. Let each member, after the first meeting, agree to ent Post-Offices.

bring some plan of buildings, implements, &c., that may SUBSCRIBERS IN THE British PROVINCES will add 6 cents, be deemed important or worthy of notice. Some may per copy to the above terms, to cover American postage bring a new plant, fruit, or weed even, and let those who to the lines.

TAE Register Postage Frer.—We shall prepay the are capable describe each. They may in time be able to postage on all copies of the ANNUAL REGISTER without form a mutual assistance fund, so as to help such as need charge to the subscriber.

it to purchase some of the more expensive machines, as THE COUNTRY GENTLEMAN.--All who are desirous of re- mowers, reapers, &c., the person assisted to pay back to ceiving a Weekly Journal, are reminded that the Country the fund a certain portion of his earnings with the machine, GENTLEMAN is the only one exclusively devoted to the until the claim is settled. Then another may be assisted Practicad Interests of the Farmer, in the Field, in the Gar- in like manner to some other implement. An almost unden and Orchard, and at the Fireside. In obtaining limited amount of good may be accomplished, provided the Premiums above offered, a subscription to the Coun- that all their transactions are founded upon honor, truth try Gentleman at $2 per year, will count the same as Four and equity."

RUSTICUS. subscribers to THE CULTIVATOR, and the subscriber to the Co. Gent. will receive one copy of the RegistER.

THE SEASON AND CROPS ABROAD.— The London Ag. The Country GENTLEMAN AND THE REGISTER—Terus Gazette speaks of the agricultural twelve-month closing TO CLUBS :—Two Copies Co. Gent. and Register for $4 with the 1st of October in the following brief and pointed -Five Copies of both for $9—Ten Copies of both for way—“the warmest and the coldest October almost erer $16.60. A Premium Copy of both the COUNTRY known—a cold and wet November-a very cold DecemGENTLEMAN and REGISTER will be sent free to any one ber, falling 25° below the freezing point and ending in sending us a Club of Ten, and for any addition to this warm rain-a mild and dry first week in January, followed number the rate will be $1.65 for each Subscriber, and a by a latter half extremely wet-a very stormy, wet, cold free copy for each additional Ten. Subscribers in rains and storms in April-a very wet and stormy May

February—a snowy, cold, wet, stormy March-excessive the British Provinces must in all cases add 25 Cents for a cold, wet, unseasonable June-dry during the first forteach subscriber to cover the American postage to the night of July, but rainy afterwards and cold throughout lines.

-a very wet, inclement August September partly fine

We bave bad SPECIMEN Copies of both Journals sent on application, and partly wet, and rain almost ever since. with Showbills and Prospectuses—also, if desired, a copy rainfall, and tempestuous weather.”

twelve months of unusually low temperature, excessive of the Annual REGISTER for use in canvassing for Sub

The same paper for Oct. 27, contains Harvest Reports scribers. O EVERY READER IS REQUESTED TO from all parts of the United Kingdom, at a date late enough ACT AS AGENT.

to admit of pretty complete examination of the crops and The Annual REGISTER FOR 1861.See Advertisement is plain," says the editor, “that our former statement of

after some trial of them by the threshing machine." It and Notices of this work in other parts of this paper. the case, complained of by some as presenting too gloomy One Dozen Copies of the REGISTER alone are sent post a picture, has erred in not being dark enough. There paid for TWO DOLLARS. Address,

was a bulky crop of both oats and barley on the ground, LUTHER TUCKER & SON,

but both-ihe latter especially-have been injured by bad

weather. There never was the promise of an average Albany, N. Y.

crop of wheat, and what there was has also suffered much. Salt, or LIME AND Salt, to Prevent Grain Crops As a general rule, oats will still be a fair crop. Good FROŃ LODGING.—In looking over our foreign exchanges wheat will yield unusually below its average produce. Of

samples of malting barley will be extremely rare, and we not unfrequently meet with passages like the following, green crops, we have to report that potatoes are almost from which we infer that the power of salt to strengthen universally a failing crop. Turnips generally are very the straw of grain crops, even when the growth has been poor, the exceptions in both cases being found in the rendered very luxuriant by guano or other nitrogenous northern counties; while mangels are universally inferior manures, has been often tested, and is now well establish- and unproductive, and good hay is both scarce and dear. rd: “When the crop is liable to lodge from a weakness in Both man and beast will bave to draw on whatever may the straw, three cwis. of salt per acre should be mixed be stored from former years for their food supply during with the guano. Lime and salt will prove equally benefi- the coming winter.” einl, but this dressing is more expensive, while the lime and salt require to be mixed for some weeks previous to Modern education too often covers the fingers with rings application to the land."

and at the same time cuts the sinews of the wrists.

AMERICAN AND ENGLISH PLOWS. tion, I doubt if we can advantageously imitate our Eng. I would like to know L. H. T.'s opinion of our long handled,

lish brethren. long beam, beavy Scotch plow, such as he saw at tbe Provin- To come now to other plows, we find them divided into cial Fair

. Does he like them as well as our improved light two classes, the wheel plors and those without wheels, or plows for cleared land ? A. 1. Bronte, C. W.

swing plows as they are called by English farmers. Mr. Admirable as is the work performed both in Great Melvin, an extensive cultivator not far from Edinburgh, Britain and by the Scotch farmers of Canada West, with with whom I had the pleasure of an interesting conversathe long heavy plows they só universally use, we cannot, tion on this subject at the Highland Society's Show last ourselves, help preferring a somewhat different style of year, remarks that it is not a hundred years "since the implement. And the above inquiry from a respected cor- only plow in use in Scotland was rude, cumbrous, unwieldy, respondent across the lines, affords us the opportunity of and usually drawn by eight oxen;" the substitution of presenting some illustrations of the English or Scotch plow, ! horses instead of oxen, he continues, “necessitated a lighter which may be of interest to those who are not already implement," and I shall perhaps be safe in adding, that it familiar with its appearance and construction,

is only by carrying the improvement somewhat farther in If, however, the writer is correct in his notion of the the same direction in which the manufacturers there have common Canadian plow, it is considerably less light and begun it, that we have reached the light and easily mangraceful to the eye, and probably heavier in draught as aged plow now so well known by the American name. well as weight, than the latest improved English plows, Some of our best plows, without the assistance of the two some of which latter are about as long and sharp as a large wheels which serve to guide and steady in its place Yankee clipper, and look as though they might cleave the the English plow, will do nearly as good work if left to the land as easily as it does the water.

manage themselves, as they will with a plowman—and if Before endeavoring to reply more particularly to the the same thing can scarcely be said of the English wheel.

plow, far less could it be affirmed of those without wheels, -and I doubt if, in either, it ever formed a prominent object either with the farmer or the ma ker. This may be because our farmers mostly do their own plowing, and thus are led to render the task as

little laborious as possible, Fig. 1. Lowcock's "Turn-wrest Plow."

by contriving or patronizquestion propounded above, let us glance briefly at several | ing a plow that will almost run alone; while in Great of the more prominent kinds of British plows. And in Britain, on the contrary, it is committed to hired hands, doing so, I may mention at the outset, that what is in Eng. brought up to manage a plow as almost the sole purpose Jand called a turn-wrest plow, answering in effect to our of life and education, and becoming so proficient by laside-hill plows, appeared to me to be more ordinarily in borious practice that the convenience of a change is now use there than the corresponding kind of plow is here. I overlooked or controverted by their employers, find that Morton's Cyclopedia places it first among several Fig. 2 represents one of the most successful of numerous descriptions given. Its object of course is to turn all the patterns manufactured by the extensive Ipswich makers. furrow slices in the field in one direction. By alternating “Y. L.” is the mark by which it is designated. Of this the mould-board of the plow, when it turns at the head and similar implements of otlier manufacturers, Mr. Mel. land, from one side to the other of the point, we general- | vin remarks—almost making an objection, it will be ob. ly accomplish this purpose in a very simple and easy way. But the English manufacturer makes a double plow, with the handles lifting on a pivot, so that it can be held at either end according to their position. of this sort is the Lowcock plow-manufactured by Ransome & Sims at Ipswich, of which we give an engraving, (Fig. 1.) The price at which it is sold is £6 178. 6d. (in the neighborhood of

Fig. 2. Ransome & Sims' "Y, L." $34.) Comin's plow—another turn-wrest—is more simi- served, of the very point in which they verge most nearly lar to our side-hill in principle, although much more com- upon our American plow, that of taking care of themplicated in the way in which it is carried out. There is a selves in some degree, instead of requiring such constant tbird kind, originated I think near Glasgow, in which there exertion in the plowman :-"None of these very beautiful are two mould-boards, turning upon a horizontal rod above implements," he says, "please the Scotch farmer in plowthe plow-beam, so that when one of them is in the grounding lea, as they turn the furrow rather flat over; but they the other furrows the upper atmosphere at an angle of unite in a high degree those contrivances which go far to forty-five degrees or thereabouts. Certainly in this direc-I make up for the guiding hand of man. They have long




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